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Oral history interview with Julie B. Martin

Interviewee:
Martin, Julie, 1938-  Search this
Creator:
Klüver, Billy, 1927-2004  Search this
Experiments in Art and Technology (Organization)  Search this
Interviewer:
Zapol, Liza, 1978-  Search this
Extent:
14 Items (sound files (6 hr., 21 min.) Audio, digital, wav)
95 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
2018 Nov. 7-8
Scope and Contents:
An interview with Julie B. Martin conducted 2018 November 7 and 8, by Liza Zapol, for the Archives of American Art at the Archives of American Art's office in New York, New York and at Martin's home in Berkeley Heights, New Jersey.
Martin speaks of growing up in Nashville, Tennessee; traveling through Europe with family; her family business; her family's politics and relationship to religion and the arts; the expectations of her and her academic achievement; her time at Harvard and Columbia; her interest in Russia and her experiences in the Soviet Union; her experiences and education in art in New York and Europe; working with Robert Whitman; her thoughts on the Relationship of Judson Dance Theater to 9 Evenings; her recollections of the 9 Evenings artists use of technology and engineering; her thoughts on Oracle and Billy Klüver's relationship to Robert Rauschenberg; her understanding of Klüver's relationship to Robert Whitman, and Whitman's relationship to engineering and technology; her thoughts about the differences between Happenings and theatrical performance; her thoughts on gender and E.A.T., and homosexuality and the arts community; her recollections of the 1970s and Projects Outside Art with E.A.T.. Martin describes the Osaka "Pavillion" project, including the collaborations and engineering projects; her understanding of Fujiko Nakaya's fog sculpture and Martin's relationship with Nakaya; the concept of the environment and invisible environments, her memories of David Tutor's sound works; the relationship of E.A.T. to Shunk-Kender; the various parts of E.A.T.'s work in India; the history of the "New York Collection for Stockholm;" Her understanding of Klüver's work prior to, and concurrent with the founding of E.A.T. at Bell Labs; the collaboration with Klüver on a book on "Kiki de Montparnasse;" their interviews and research on artists from 1945-1965; and other projects; Martin describes the idealism of E.A.T.; the ongoing work and legacy of E.A.T.; Martin's ongoing work with Robert Whitman and Sylvia Palacios Whitman; her marriage to Klüver and Klüver's death; her interviews with artists involved in the Real Estate Show; the reconstruction of the footage of "9 Evenings;" her work with Simone Forti on "Cloths;" and a discussion of performance documentation and technology. Martin also recalls Claes Oldenberg; Allan Kaprow; Red Grooms; Jim Dine; Simone Forti; Carolee Schneemann; Steve Paxton; Yvonne Rainer; Jasper Johns; Merce Cunningham; John Cage; Robert Breer, Frosty Myers; Elsa Garmire; David Tudor; Tony Martin; John Pierce; Larry Owens; Pontus Hultén; Öyvind Fahlström; Lowell Cross; Shunk-Kender; Porter McCray; La Monte Young; Terry Riley; Trisha Brown; Allan Kaprow; Alfons Schilling, and others.
Biographical / Historical:
Julie Martin (1938- ) is the Director of Experiments in Art and Technology (E.A.T.). Liza Zapol (1978- ) is the Robert and Arlene Kogod Secretarial Scholar in Oral History at the Archives of American Art.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators.
Restrictions:
The transcript and recording are open for research. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Topic:
Arts administrators -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.martin18
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-martin18

Jimmy Hedges papers and Rising Fawn Folk Art Gallery records

Creator:
Hedges, Jimmy, 1942-2014  Search this
Names:
Rising Fawn Folk Art Gallery  Search this
Blizzard, Georgia, 1919-2002  Search this
Finster, Howard, 1916-2001  Search this
Green, Homer, 1910-2002  Search this
Harvey, Bessie, 1929-  Search this
Hoskinson, Danny  Search this
Lancaster, Paul  Search this
Mohammed, A.J.  Search this
Simmons, Charlie  Search this
Sudduth, Jimmy Lee, 1910-2007  Search this
Tolliver, Mose, 1920-  Search this
Young, Purvis, 1943-  Search this
Extent:
23.5 Linear feet
15.63 Gigabytes
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Gigabytes
Photographs
Sound recordings
Video recordings
Date:
1969-2016, bulk 1991-2013
Summary:
The papers of art collector and dealer Jimmy Hedges and the records of his Rising Fawn Folk Art Gallery measure 23.5 linear feet and 15.63 GB and date from 1969-2016, with the bulk of the material dating from 1991-2013. The collection documents Hedges's career as a dealer of outsider art and as an advocate for self-taught artists. Records include administrative and sales records, correspondence, artist files, collector and gallery files, exhibition and art fair files, regional files, printed and digital material, photographic material, and unidentified sound and video recordings. The bulk of the collection consists of artist files and color photographs documenting hundreds of artists that Hedges visited at their homes and studios, including Georgia Blizzard, Howard Finster, Homer Green, Bessie Harvey, Danny Hoskinson, Paul Lancaster, A.J. Mohammed, Charlie Simmons, Jimmy Lee Sudduth, Mose Tolliver, and Purvis Young, among many others.
Scope and Contents:
The records of art collector and dealer Jimmy Hedges and his Rising Fawn Folk Art Gallery measure 23.5 linear feet and 15.63 GB and date from 1969-2016, with the bulk of the material dating from 1991-2013. The collection documents Hedges's career as a dealer of outsider art and as an advocate for self-taught artists. Records include administrative and sales records, correspondence, artist files, collector and gallery files, exhibition and art fair files, regional files, printed and digital material, photographic material, and unidentified sound and video recordings. The bulk of the collection consists of artist files and color photographs documenting hundreds of artists that Hedges visited at their homes and studios, including Georgia Blizzard, Howard Finster, Homer Green, Bessie Harvey, Danny Hoskinson, Paul Lancaster, A.J. Mohammed, Charlie Simmons, Jimmy Lee Sudduth, Mose Tolliver, and Purvis Young, among many others.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged as 9 series.

Series 1: Administrative and Sales Records, 1969-1971, 1991-2015 (Boxes 1-4; 3.9 linear feet, ER01-ER03; 0.134 GB)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1974, 1981, 1990-2013 (Boxes 4-5; 0.2 linear feet)

Series 3: Artist Files, 1985-2014 (Boxes 5-9, 31, 33, OV 32; 4.6 linear feet, ER04-ER15; 5.35 GB)

Series 4: Collector and Gallery Files, 1992-2014 (Boxes 9-10; 1.2 linear feet)

Series 5: Exhibition and Art Fair Records, circa 1992-2013 (Boxes 10-11; 1.3 linear feet, ER16-ER18; 1.52 GB)

Series 6: Regional Files, 1976, 1980s-2012 (Boxes 11-13; 1.7 linear feet)

Series 7: Printed Material, 1980-2013 (Boxes 13-16, OV 32; 2.2 linear feet, ER19; 0.833 GB)

Series 8: Photographic Material, circa 1990-2011 (Boxes 16-30, 34-35; 7.9 linear feet, ER20-ER35; 7.79 GB)

Series 9: Unidentified Sound and Video Recordings, undated (Boxes 30-31; 0.5 linear feet)
Biographical / Historical:
James R. "Jimmy" Hedges III (1942-2014), was an artist, art collector and dealer of Outsider Art and Folk art in Tennessee and Georgia. Hedges established the Rising Fawn Folk Art Gallery, Lookout Mountain, Georgia.

Born into a prominent family from Chattanooga, Jimmy Hedges was a lifelong philanthropist as a trustee of his family's Tonya Memorial Foundation. His true vocation, however, was as an artist, collector, and dealer of outsider art and as an advocate for self-taught artists. Hedges discovered his love of wood carving as a teenager, when he created song birds, and returned to making art at age forty. Using a chain saw, he carved sculptures of Southerners he had encountered in his travels, including artists. His colleagues in this sector of the fine art craft world were predominantly southern African American self-taught painters, sculptors, potters, and carvers. Befriending them and collecting their work led Hedges to establish Rising Fawn Folk Art Gallery in 1993, building a gallery space in the early 2000s on his 500-acre farm in Lookout Mountain, Georgia.

An unconventional art dealer, Hedges would hand-deliver work to collectors' homes, driving his truck through backroads and stopping along the way to visit with artists and purchase more works to sell. He was an active presence at the Outsider Art Fair and self-taught artist exhibitions throughout the U.S., as well as at Slotin Folk Art auctions and prison auctions. His aim was to improve the economic condition of fellow artists and raise their profiles among curators and critics. Hedges' development of an archive was essential to this goal.
Provenance:
Donated 2016 by James R. Hedges IV on behalf of the Hedges Descendants Trust and in 2018 by James R. Hedges IV on behalf of Wildcat Asset Managment, LLC.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment. Use of archival audiovisual records or born digital records with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Rights:
The Jimmy Hedges papers and Rising Fawn Folk Art Gallery records are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Self-taught artists  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Art dealers -- Tennessee  Search this
Folk art -- Tennessee  Search this
Outsider art -- Georgia  Search this
Folk art -- Georgia  Search this
Outsider art -- Tennessee  Search this
Artists' studios -- Photographs  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Sound recordings
Video recordings
Citation:
Jimmy Hedges papers and Rising Fawn Folk Art Gallery records, 1969-2016, bulk 1991-2013. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.hedgjimm
See more items in:
Jimmy Hedges papers and Rising Fawn Folk Art Gallery records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-hedgjimm

Jimmy Hedges papers and Rising Fawn Folk Art Gallery records, 1969-2016

Creator:
Hedges, Jimmy, 1942-2014  Search this
Subject:
Lancaster, Paul  Search this
Blizzard, Georgia  Search this
Mohammed, A.J.  Search this
Green, Homer  Search this
Simmons, Charlie  Search this
Hoskinson, Danny  Search this
Harvey, Bessie  Search this
Sudduth, Jimmy Lee  Search this
Tolliver, Mose  Search this
Finster, Howard  Search this
Young, Purvis  Search this
Rising Fawn Folk Art Gallery  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Sound recordings
Video recordings
Topic:
Self-taught artists  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Art dealers -- Tennessee  Search this
Folk art -- Tennessee  Search this
Outsider art -- Georgia  Search this
Folk art -- Georgia  Search this
Outsider art -- Tennessee  Search this
Artists' studios -- Photographs  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)17336
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)380050
AAA_collcode_hedgjimm
Theme:
African American
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_380050
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Julie B. Martin, 2018 Nov. 7-8

Interviewee:
Martin, Julie, 1938-  Search this
Interviewer:
Klüver, Billy, 1927-2004  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Arts administrators -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)17613
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)397104
AAA_collcode_martin18
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_397104
Online Media:

Dogfight Over the Trenches

Artist:
Horace Pippin, American, b. West Chester, Pennsylvania, 1888–1946  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
18 x 33 1/8 in. (45.6 x 84.2 cm)
Type:
Painting
Date:
(1935)
Credit Line:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, Gift of Joseph H. Hirshhorn, 1966
Accession Number:
66.4071
See more items in:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden Collection
School:
Outsider Art
Data Source:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/py203a2af7d-fd7e-4394-bf75-5528cbadde07
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:hmsg_66.4071

Mary and Martha

Artist:
William Edmondson, American, b. Nashville, Tennessee, c. 1882–1951  Search this
Medium:
Limestone
Dimensions:
14 x 16 7/8 x 6 7/8 in. (35.4 x 42.7 x 17.3 cm)
Type:
Sculpture
Date:
(c. 1930-1939)
Credit Line:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, Gift of Joseph H. Hirshhorn, 1972
Accession Number:
72.107
See more items in:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden Collection
School:
Outsider Art
Data Source:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/py2e7df659e-a09c-4598-9c3a-13f633e4d40e
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:hmsg_72.107

Lion

Artist:
William Edmondson, American, b. Nashville, Tennessee, c. 1882–1951  Search this
Medium:
Stone
Dimensions:
13 3/4 x 23 1/4 x 7 5/8 in. (34.8 x 59.1 x 19.2 cm)
Type:
Sculpture
Date:
(c. 1940-1951)
Credit Line:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, The Joseph H. Hirshhorn Bequest, 1981
Accession Number:
86.1511
See more items in:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden Collection
School:
Outsider Art
Data Source:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/py2ebc2d099-5083-4c7d-b274-86bbcfa2723d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:hmsg_86.1511

Lion

Artist:
William Edmondson, American, b. Nashville, Tennessee, c. 1882–1951  Search this
Medium:
Stone
Dimensions:
16 1/4 x 21 3/16 x 8 3/8 in. (41.3 x 53.7 x 21.3 cm)
Type:
Sculpture
Date:
(c. 1940-1951)
Credit Line:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, The Joseph H. Hirshhorn Bequest, 1981
Accession Number:
86.1512
See more items in:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden Collection
School:
Outsider Art
Data Source:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/py2a0d507a8-40c2-447f-9300-8f604412c1b2
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:hmsg_86.1512

Awakening the spirits : art by Bessie Harvey : an exhibition organized by the Knoxville Museum of Art, in collaboration with Austin-East High School : Knoxville, Tennessee, April 4-July 27, 1997 / Stephen C. Wicks ; contributing writers, Judith E. Stein and Robert S. Cogswell

Author:
Wicks, Stephen C  Search this
Harvey, Bessie 1929-1994  Search this
Stein, Judith E  Search this
Cogswell, Robert S  Search this
Knoxville Museum of Art  Search this
Austin-East High School (Knoxville, Tenn.)  Search this
Subject:
Harvey, Bessie 1929-1994 Exhibitions  Search this
Physical description:
44 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 28 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Place:
United States
Date:
1997
C1997
Topic:
Found objects (Art)  Search this
Outsider art  Search this
Call number:
N40.1.H335116 W5 1997
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_520295

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