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Operation Pedro Pan - The Largest Recorded Exodus of Unaccompanied Minors in the Western Hemisphere

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2011-05-06T18:37:35.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
See more by:
SmithsonianVideos
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianVideos
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_vT0ItwvcQMI

Children On The Move: Operation Pedro Pan (NMAH - Magdalena introduce)

Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Extent:
1 Sound recording (digital audio file)
Type:
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Date:
2016 July 07
Scope and Contents:
Steve Velasquez Steve Velasquez, associate curator at the National Museum of American History, will speak with people who were brought to the United States from Cuba as children with Operation Pedro Pan about how their immigration experiences impact their identities. This session draws from the upcoming Many Voices, One Nation exhibition at the National Museum of American History.
Collection Restrictions:
Access by appointment only. Where a listening copy or viewing copy has been created, this is indicated in the respective inventory; additional materials may be accessible with sufficient advance notice and, in some cases, payment of a processing fee. Older papers are housed at a remote location and may require a minimum of three weeks' advance notice and payment of a retrieval fee. Certain formats such as multi-track audio recordings and EIAJ-1 videoreels (1/2 inch) may not be accessible. Contact the Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections at 202-633-7322 or rinzlerarchives@si.edu for additional information.
Collection Rights:
Copyright and other restrictions may apply. Generally, materials created during a Festival are covered by a release signed by each participant permitting their use for personal and educational purposes; materials created as part of the fieldwork leading to a Festival may be more restricted. We permit and encourage such personal and educational use of those materials provided digitally here, without special permissions. Use of any materials for publication, commercial use, or distribution requires a license from the Archives. Licensing fees may apply in addition to any processing fees.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 2016 Smithsonian Folklife Festival, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
CFCH.SFF.2016, Item SFF2016_0707_OTM_OTM_0005.wav
See more items in:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 2016 Smithsonian Folklife Festival
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 2016 Smithsonian Folklife Festival / Series 3: On the Move: Migration and Immigration Today / Audio
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/bk5e43c2ee5-7d2d-43ea-ba13-665a5aaff2b0
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-sff-2016-ref1058

Margarita Lora's Dress

Physical Description:
cotton (overall material)
plastic (buttons material)
Measurements:
center back: 25 3/4 in; 65.405 cm
shoulder: 11 1/2 in; 29.21 cm
waist: 12 1/2 in; 31.75 cm
waist to hem: 14 11/16 in; 37.338 cm
Object Name:
dress
Place made:
Cuba: Cuba
Associated Place:
Cuba
Related event:
Cold War  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Margarita Lora
ID Number:
2015.0046.02
Catalog number:
2015.0046.02
Accession number:
2015.0046
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Ethnic
Many Voices, One Nation
Exhibition:
¡Presente!
Exhibition Location:
National Museum of American History
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ac-3efe-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1692657
Online Media:

Margarita Lora's Passenger Ticket, 1961

Maker:
Pan American Airlines  Search this
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 3 1/4 in x 7 11/16 in; 8.255 cm x 19.558 cm
Object Name:
passenger ticket
Place made:
United States
Associated Place:
Cuba: La Habana, Havana
United States: Florida, Miami
Date made:
November 1960
Related event:
Cold War  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Margarita Lora
ID Number:
2015.0046.04
Catalog number:
2015.0046.04
Accession number:
2015.0046
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Ethnic
Many Voices, One Nation
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b0-f5f5-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1692663
Online Media:

National Hispanic Cultural Center of New Mexico

Collection Creator:
Ojeda, Naúl, 1939-2002  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 33
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
2000-2001
Collection Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.

Researchers interested in accessing audiovisual recordings in this collection must use access copies. Contact References Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Naúl Ojeda papers, circa 1960-2004, circa 2013. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Naúl Ojeda papers
Naúl Ojeda papers / Series 3: Exhibition and Gallery Files
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw921858b60-9f44-4f87-87f3-57007f532bba
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-ojednaul-ref95
1 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View National Hispanic Cultural Center of New Mexico digital asset number 1

Exiles in America: Cuban Pedro Pans and Balseros

Interviewer:
Velasquez, Steve  Search this
Names:
Castro, Fidel, 1926-2016  Search this
Extent:
6.4 Gigabytes (9 .wav files and 3 mp3 files)
0.5 Cubic feet (1 Box )
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Gigabytes
Oral histories (document genres)
Place:
Cuba
Date:
1960-1969, undated
2014-2015
Summary:
Exiles in America: Cuban Pedro Pans and Balseros was an oral history project designed to research and document the journeys and experiences of two distinct immigration/migration experiences of the Cuban diaspora. Steve Valesquez of the National Museum of American History Division of Home and Community Life conducted twelve oral history interviews between 2014-2015. The project was funded by the Consortium for the American Experience. Correspondence written by the interviewees (as children) was transferred, processed, and digitized in 2020 through funds awarded by the Smithsonian Institution's Latino Initiatives Pool.
Scope and Contents:
Exiles in America: Cuban Pedro Pans and Balseros consists of eleven born digital oral history interviews about the journeys and experiences of Cubans who came to the United States as unaccompanied children via Operation Pedro Pan in the early 1960s, and of those who fled the island as balseros—rafters—beginning in the mid-1990s. There is also supporting documentation in the form of interview transcripts and summaries.

In 2020, correspondence written by some of the interviewees (as children) was transferred from the Division of Cultural and Community Life and digitized.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged in three series.

Series 1: Oral History Interviews, 2014-2015

Series 2: Supporting Documentation, 2014

Series 3: Correspondence, 1960-1969, undated
Biographical / Historical:
Exiles in America: Memory and the Lived Experiences of Cuban Pedro Pans and Balseros was a collecting initiative that looks at the journeys and experiences of Cubans who came to the United States as unaccompanied children via Operation Pedro Pan in the early 1960s, and of those who fled the island as balseros—rafters—beginning in the mid-1990s. Building on relationships already established with former Pedro Pan children, universities, archives, and museums in Miami, the project conducted research, recorded oral histories, and acquired collections to document the legacy of Cuban migration to the United States. This project was funded by the Consortium for the American Experience in 2014 and was part of the Smithsonian-wide Immigration Initiative and the National Museum of American History exhibit project, Many Voices, One Nation.

Following the Cuban Revolution of 1959, many Cubans became wary of their country's new leader, Fidel Castro, and his Communist regime. Those who opposed the revolution sought ways to keep their family together and "save" their children from Communist indoctrination. This growing sentiment prompted underground forces in Cuba and the Catholic Church in Miami—with later assistance from the State Department—to establish Operation Pedro Pan, an underground exodus of approximately 14,000 unaccompanied Cuban children to the United States, beginning in 1960 and ending in 1962. By 1961, the U.S. government waived all visa requirements for Cuban children and set aside federal money for their care. Under the auspices of Catholic Charities and the Catholic Welfare Bureau, the Miami diocese processed the Cuban children and placed them in shelters (foster care, orphanages, or with family) in forty-seven dioceses in thirty states. In 1962, the Missile Crisis severed all ties between the U.S. and Cuba, halting Operation Pedro Pan; some children waited years to reunite with their parents, others never saw their parents again.

In addition to the State Department's endorsement of Operation Pedro Pan, the federal government enacted policies such as the Cuban Adjustment Act of 1966 that provided federal aid and resources to help Cubans resettle in the United States and become permanent residents. Many scholars, such as Lillian Guerra, argue that these anti-Communist/Cold War policies ultimately influenced Cubans to embrace "Cuban exceptionality" as fundamental to their identities in the U.S.

In the summer of 2014 the project set out to collect stories and objects, via "collecting days" in collaboration with HistoryMiami. The project invited the community members to participate, record their stories, and collect objects (material culture) related to Operation Pedro Pan and balseros, respectively.

The goal was to research and document the journeys and experiences of Pedro Pans and balseros to understand how two distinct immigration/migration experiences of the Cuban diaspora have shaped the larger American and U.S. Latino experiences, affected the identity-formation of Cuban Americans, and how Latinos have shaped the nation.

Three interviews were collected prior to the collecting days (see Family of Voices (AC1365)) in Miami. Three were recorded in Miami. Four were collected in Washington D.C. and two over the phone. Collected by Steve Velasquez, Division of Home and Community Life.

Steve Velasquez
Separated Materials:
The Division of Home and Community Life (now Division of Cultural and Community Life) National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution holds artifacts related to this collection.
Provenance:
Made by Steve Velasquez, curator, for the National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution in 2014-2015.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Interviews and supporting documentation available only in the Smithsonian Institution Digital Asset Management System (DAMS). Correspondence is available for access (physically and digitally).
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Anti-communist movements  Search this
boat migrant  Search this
Children  Search this
Catholic Charities USA  Search this
Cuban Americans  Search this
Latinos in American society and culture  Search this
Emigration and immigration  Search this
oceanic migrant  Search this
Operation Pedro Pan  Search this
Genre/Form:
Oral histories (document genres)
Citation:
Exiles in America: Cuban Pedro Pans and Balseros, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1377
See more items in:
Exiles in America: Cuban Pedro Pans and Balseros
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8be288130-2e81-4acc-b319-5a48994e6211
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1377
Online Media:

Correspondence

Collection Interviewer:
Velasquez, Steve  Search this
Container:
Box 1
Type:
Archival materials
Correspondence
Date:
1960-1969, undated
Scope and Contents:
This series includes correspondence, photographs, and other ephemeral objects mostly created by young Cuban girls who were relocated to the United States as part of Operation Pedro Pan. Some of the girls went on to participate in the oral histories (as adults) collected by NMAH. The bulk of the materials is from sisters Lola and Margarita Prats. Letters are addressed to their temporary foster family and relatives. Other material (photographs, drawings, and a case file) documents other girls' experiences in Cuba and the United States. Some of the earlier dated content and official records from the Catholic churces is in Spanish.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Interviews and supporting documentation available only in the Smithsonian Institution Digital Asset Management System (DAMS). Correspondence is available for access (physically and digitally).
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Teenage girls  Search this
Cuban Americans  Search this
Latinas  Search this
Latin Americans -- United States  Search this
Migration  Search this
Children -- Cuba  Search this
Family -- Cuba  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence -- 1960-1970
Collection Citation:
Exiles in America: Cuban Pedro Pans and Balseros, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1377, Series 3
See more items in:
Exiles in America: Cuban Pedro Pans and Balseros
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep81e0b6bb3-c5d7-40da-b151-891d21428787
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1377-ref536

The lost apple : Operation Pedro Pan, Cuban children in the U.S., and the promise of a better future / María de los Angeles Torres

Author:
Torres, María de los Angeles  Search this
Physical description:
335 p. : ill. ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Cuba
United States
Date:
2003
C2003
Topic:
Refugee children  Search this
Refugee children--Services for  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_716318

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