Photographs depicting Native American baskets and portraits of Native Americans with whom C. Hart Merriam worked, as well as scenic views and images of animals and plants, mostly in California. Many of the photographs were made by Merriam himself or his daughter Zenaida Merriam Talbot. In addition, Merriam collected photographs from other researchers and photographers, including J. S. Diller, John Peabody Harrington, Henry Wetherbee Henshaw, and O. E. Meddaugh. There are also images acquired from the Boysen Studio of Yosemite and photographs of Mark Twain, John Muir, basketmaker Maggie James, and Merriam's family.
Clinton Hart Merriam (1855-1942) was a Columbia University-educated physician who worked as a naturalist, including as head of the Biological Survey for the US Department of Agriculture. He joined the Harriman Alaska Expedition as a zoologist in 1899. In 1910, he left the USDA and began to conduct research among California tribes. Financed by Mary W. Harriman and the E. H. Harriman Fund administered by the Smithsonian, he researched tribes' vocabularies, history, mythology, crafts (particularly basketmaking) until about 1936. His resarch was assisted by his daughter, Zenaida, who took photographs and painted glass slides for him. Merriam served as President of the Anthropological Society of Washington in 1920-1921.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 74-27
Additional information supplied by Marvin Shodas.
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Merriam's notes held in the National Anthropological Archives in MS 1563 and in the Smithsonian Institution Archives in SIA Acc. 12-264.
Additional photographs by Merriam held in the National Museum of American Indian Archives in the Mary Harriman Rumsey Photograph Collection and the Harriman Alaska Expedition Photograph Collection.
Correspondence from Merriam held in the National Anthropological Archives in MS 4558, the Department of Anthropology records (Manuscript and Pamphlet file), Bureau of American Ethnology records, J.C. Pilling Papers, Ales Hrdlicka Papers, and Jesse Logan Nusbaum Papers.
The Bancroft Library at University of California, Berkeley holds the C. Hart Merriam Papers, C. Hart Merriam Collection of Native American Photographs (prints corresponding to negatives in this collection), and C. Hart Merriam pictorial collection.
Contains several items, mainly brief vocabularies, whose interrelationship is not clear but seems indicated by the fact of their having been marked with the letters "A" through "E". No date. As follows: A. San Luis Obispo (Obispeno Chumash) vocabulary. 1 page. B. Soledad (Costanoan) vocabulary. 2 pages. C. "Tularenos" (Yokuts) vocabulary. 1 page. D. "Costanoan family." Discussion. 3 pages, typed. E. Comparative vocabulary of four dialects of the Costanoan family: "Mission Dolores Costano" (San Francisco Costanoan), Mutsun, Santa Clara, Santa Cruz. 3 pages.
In pencil, in Powell's schedule of Introduction to the Study of Indian Languages. (Approximately 346, 141 terms, respectively.)
Biographical / Historical:
Rumsen recorded from Eulalia, Carmelo Valley, California; source of the "Obispo" not stated . September 29- October 18, 1884. The "Obispo" column is marked "Copied," but no corresponding ink copy has been located (1962).
Transparencies of four paintings of informants of John P. Harrington, by different artists. Includes 1 duplicate set of slides.
Catalog Number 4643: (1) California (?) Description: Kitsepawit or Fernando Librado. Painter: Gerald Cassidy (signature on painting) S. I. Negative 49,393. (2) Rumsen Meadows, Isabel Painter: "M. H." (signature on painting). BAE Negative Number: S. I. Negative Number 49392. (3) Kiowa Enoch Smoky Painter: Moore (see BAE negative catalog card) BAE Negative Number 49,391. (4) Kiowa Perry A. Keahtigh Painter: Moore (signature on painting) BAE Negative Number: S. I. Negative 49,390.
NAA MS 4643
Transparencies made by Bureau of American Ethnology, October, 1962. (Black and White copy negatives have also been made; S. I. Negatives 49,390-393).
Copied by E.F. Murray in 1878 from the original made in 1821. It includes vocabularies of the following languages: Esselen, San Antonio (Salinan), San Miguel (Salinan), San Luis Obispo (Obispeno Chusmash), Santa Barbara (Barbareno Chumash), La Purisima (Purismeno Chusmash), Santa Inez (Inezeno Chumash), Nophrinthres of San Juan Bautista (a Yokuts dialect), Lathruunen (Yokuts), San Luis Rey (Uto-Aztecan), Karkin (Costanoan), Saclan (Miwok), Juichun (Costanoan), Huimen (Marin Miwok), and Suisen (a dialect of Patwin [Wintun]).
Manuscript 302, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Digitization and preparation of these materials for online access has been funded by the National Science Foundation under BCS Grant No. 1561167 and the Recovering Voices initiative at the Smithsonian's National Museum of Natural History.
MS 300-a: "The Mutsun linguistic family of Middle California: a comparative table of affinities drawn from its numerous dialects" by Albert S. Gatschet. January 1888. 13 pp. The purpose of the paper was to consolidate the Costanoan with the Moquelummnan (Miwok) families, and to designate the aggregate by the name Mutsun.
MS 300-b Letter from Jeremiah Curtin to Henry W. Henshaw. February 188. 7 pp. and 2 large tables. Letter encloses and is critical of Gatschet's paper.
Contains: (1) Santa Clara (Costanoan) as given by Felix Buelna, at Mission of San Antonio, California September 27, 1884; (2) Obispeno Chumash, recorded near San Luis Obispo, California, October 19-28, 1884; (3) Santa Rosa Island Chumash, recorded from Pa-hi-la-tcet' at Los Alamos, California, October 30-November 7, 1884. Approximately 105 pages in pencil, in Powell's schedule of Introduction to the Study of Indian Languages. (Approximately 247, 313, 410 terms respectively.)
Biographical / Historical:
Note on the Santa Clara informant, Felix Buelna, page 228. The Reverend A.D. Spearman, S.J., University of Santa Clara, California, in postal card of October 4, 1960 adds: "Felix Buelna was an altar boy at M. Sta. Clara c. 1804 and later taught in the Mission school of the Franciscans prior to the coming of the Jesuits. I haven't the year yet." See also Number 868, apparently a neat copy of the Obispeno Chumash. Note on Santa Rosa informant, Pa-hi-la-tcet', page 222. See also Number 866, apparently a neat copy of the Santa Rosa Chumash.