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Anne Pearse-Hocker negatives, photographs, and other materials

Photographer:
Pearse-Hocker, Anne  Search this
Names:
American Indian Movement  Search this
Aquash, Anna Mae, 1945-1976  Search this
Banks, Dennis  Search this
Bellecourt, Clyde H. (Clyde Howard), 1936-  Search this
Bellecourt, Vernon  Search this
Black Elk, Wallace H.  Search this
Frizzell, Kent, 1929-  Search this
Means, Russell, 1939-  Search this
Extent:
54 contact sheets (black and white)
35 mm. (black and white, 8 x 10 in.)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Contact sheets
Black-and-white negatives
Place:
Pine Ridge Indian Reservation (S.D.)
Pine Ridge (S.D.)
Wounded Knee (S.D.) -- History -- Indian occupation, 1973
Date:
1970-1973
Summary:
The majority of Pearse-Hocker's momentous negatives give eyewitness account to two weeks of both the mundane and brutal reality of daily life during the 1973 occupation of Wounded Knee on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in Pine Ridge, South Dakota. The takeover of the town and the conflict between about 200 members of AIM (American Indian Movement, the Native American civil rights activist organization begun in the 1968) and the United States Marshals Service began on February 27 and lasted for 71 days, resulting in tragedy on both sides of the conflict. Members of AIM along with some local Oglala (Lakota) Sioux from the local reservation took over the town in protest against the United States Government's history of broken treaties with various Native groups, the poverty and maltreatment of Native populations, as well as in defiance against the corruption and paternalism within the local subsidiary of the BIA (Bureau of Indian Affairs). The siege finally came to an end on May 5 when members of AIM and the assistant attorney general for the Civil Division of the US Justice Department Harlington Wood Jr. settled on a ceasefire. Kent Frizzell served as Chief Government Negotiator in the capacity of Assistant Attorney General (Land and Natural Resources Division, U. S. Department of Justice) and later as Solicitor, U. S. Department of the Interior. Among those pictured both during and post-conflict are AIM activists Dennis Banks, Clyde and Vernon Bellecourt, Ted and Russell Means, Frank Clearwater, Wallace Black Elk and Anna Mae Pictou Aquash. A small number of negatives also document AIM's takeover of the BIA building and the AIM Powwow both in Minneapolis in 1970.
Arrangement note:
Negatives: organized in binders; arranged in sleeves by strip and image number, interspersed with relevant applicable contact sheets
Biographical/Historical note:
Anne Pearse-Hocker is a photojournalist who first encountered the American Indian Movement while a student on assignment for a journalism class at the University of Kansas. Her photographs document some very important moments in the early history of the American Indian Movement (AIM).

Pearse-Hocker was scheduled to interview the area director of the BIA in Minneapolis in the spring of 1970 as part of an Investigative Reporting class, and walked into the middle of an AIM occupation of the building, which she documented on film and with taped interviews. She stayed well past her spring break plans to use this opportunity to develop contacts with AIM leaders Clyde Bellecourt and Dennis Banks.

Her connections came in handy in 1973 during the occupation of Wounded Knee. Pearse-Hocker sneaked into the compound with a CBS news crew at night, and was allowed to remain due to her acquaintance with Banks, who remembered her from Minneapolis. She had strategically arrived the evening before the standoff was supposed to end, but when the settlement negotiations fell through, she remained in the compound for an additional few weeks, documenting the daily events including the firefight that claimed Frank Clearwater's life.

Pearse-Hocker returned to Wounded Knee in 1998 to revisit the site on the 25th anniversary of the occupation, and documented the experience for the journal 'Native Americas' (Spring 1998 issue) with new photographs of some of the survivors of the event.

After a career of news photography in broadcast journalism, she is retired and living in Montana.
Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the Archive Center to make an appointment.
Rights:
Copyright: Anne Pearse-Hocker, 1973. Researchers must contact copyright holder for permissions, reproductions, and use.
Topic:
Teton Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Government relations  Search this
Oglala Indians -- Government relations  Search this
Oglala Indians  Search this
Genre/Form:
Black-and-white negatives
Contact sheets
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.028
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-028

Welcome to the Oglala Nation : a documentary reader in Oglala Lakota political history / edited by Akim D. Reinhardt

Editor:
Reinhardt, Akim D.  Search this
Physical description:
xxviii, 276 pages : map ; 24 cm
Type:
Sources
History
Date:
2015
Topic:
History  Search this
Oglala Indians--Politics and government  Search this
Oglala Indians--Government relations  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1082486

Red Cloud : Oglala legend / John D. McDermott

Author:
McDermott, John D (John Dishon)  Search this
Subject:
Red Cloud 1822-1909  Search this
United States Office of Indian Affairs Pine Ridge Agency History  Search this
Physical description:
xv, 194 pages, 6 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations, portraits ; 21 cm
Type:
Biography
History
Place:
Pine Ridge Indian Reservation (S.D.)
Date:
2015
Topic:
Red Cloud's War, 1866-1867  Search this
Kings and rulers  Search this
Wars  Search this
Government relations  Search this
Black Hills War, 1876-1877  Search this
History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1077562

In total resistance : statements and poetry from Leonard Peltier, Standing Deer, Bobby Garcia and others

Author:
Peltier, Leonard  Search this
Standing Deer  Search this
Garcia, Bobby Gene d. 1980  Search this
Subject:
Peltier, Leonard  Search this
Standing Deer  Search this
Garcia, Bobby Gene d. 1980  Search this
American Indian Movement  Search this
Physical description:
1 v. (unpaged) : ill., ports. ; 22 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1994
[1994]
1934-
Topic:
Government relations  Search this
Prisoners' writings, American  Search this
Call number:
E99.O3 P453 1994
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_804904

Crazy Horse : a Lakota life / Kingsley M. Bray

Author:
Bray, Kingsley M. 1956-  Search this
Subject:
Crazy Horse approximately 1842-1877  Search this
Physical description:
xviii, 510 p. : ill., maps, ports. ; 27 cm
Type:
Biography
Date:
2006
C2006
Topic:
Kings and rulers  Search this
Government relations  Search this
Wars  Search this
Little Bighorn, Battle of the, Mont., 1876  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_808473

Ruling Pine Ridge : Oglala Lakota politics from the IRA to Wounded Knee / Akim D. Reinhardt ; foreword by Clara Sue Kidwell

Author:
Reinhardt, Akim D  Search this
Subject:
United States Office of Indian Affairs Pine Ridge Agency History  Search this
Physical description:
xxviii, 274 p. : ill., maps ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
South Dakota
Pine Ridge Indian Reservation
Pine Ridge Indian Reservation (S.D.)
Date:
2007
C2007
20th century
Topic:
Government relations  Search this
Politics and government  Search this
History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_823903

The journey of Crazy Horse : a Lakota history / Joseph M. Marshall, III

Author:
Marshall, Joseph 1945-  Search this
Subject:
Crazy Horse approximately 1842-1877  Search this
Physical description:
xxiv, 310 p. : ill., 1 map ; 22 cm
Type:
Biography
Date:
2004
Topic:
Kings and rulers  Search this
Government relations  Search this
Wars  Search this
Little Bighorn, Battle of the, Mont., 1876  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_743638

The journey of Crazy Horse [sound recording] : [a Lakota history] / Joseph M. Marshall, III

Author:
Marshall, Joseph 1945-  Search this
HighBridge Audio (Firm)  Search this
Subject:
Crazy Horse approximately 1842-1877  Search this
Physical description:
9 sound discs (11 hr.) : digital, stereo. ; 4 3/4 in
Type:
Sound recordings
Biography
Audiobooks
Date:
2004
P2004
Topic:
Kings and rulers  Search this
Government relations  Search this
Wars  Search this
Little Bighorn, Battle of the, Mont., 1876  Search this
Call number:
disc 000471
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_748035

The journey of Crazy Horse : a Lakota history / Joseph M. Marshall III

Author:
Marshall, Joseph 1945-  Search this
Subject:
Crazy Horse approximately 1842-1877  Search this
Physical description:
xxiv, 310 p. : map ; 20 cm
Type:
Biography
Date:
2005
2004
2005, c2004
Topic:
Kings and rulers  Search this
Government relations  Search this
Wars  Search this
Little Bighorn, Battle of the, Mont., 1876  Search this
Call number:
E99.O3 C72457 2005
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_783476

Autobiography of Red Cloud : war leader of the Oglalas / edited by R. Eli Paul

Title:
War leader of the Oglalas
Author:
Allen, Charles Wesley 1851-1942  Search this
Red Cloud 1822-1909  Search this
Deon, Sam  Search this
Paul, R. Eli 1954-  Search this
Subject:
Red Cloud 1822-1909  Search this
Physical description:
xv, 220 p. : map, port. ; 22 cm
Type:
Biography
Date:
1997
C1997
Topic:
Kings and rulers  Search this
Wars  Search this
Government relations  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_627129

The power of the land : identity, ethnicity, and class among the Oglala Lakota / Paul Robertson

Author:
Robertson, Paul (Paul M.) 1944-  Search this
Physical description:
xv, 281 p. : ill., maps ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
South Dakota
Pine Ridge Indian Reservation
Pine Ridge Indian Reservation (S.D.)
Date:
2002
Topic:
Ethnic identity  Search this
Land tenure  Search this
Government relations  Search this
Land tenure--Government policy  Search this
History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_677242

Paha Sapa [videorecording] : the struggle for the Black Hills / produced and directed by Mel Lawrence ; written by Cree McCree ... [et al.] ; a Baseline production

Author:
Lawrence, Mel  Search this
Walpole, Alan  Search this
Aubrey, David E  Search this
McCree, Cree  Search this
Bee, Robby  Search this
Baseline (Firm)  Search this
Mystic Fire Video, Inc  Search this
Physical description:
1 videocassette (60 min.) : sd., col. with b&w sequences ; 1/2 in
Type:
Videorecordings
Place:
Black Hills (S.D. and Wyo.)
Date:
1994
C1994
Topic:
Government relations  Search this
Call number:
E78.S63 P3 1994
video 000609
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_689231

The Oglala people, 1841-1879 : a political history / Catherine Price

Author:
Price, Catherine 1956-  Search this
Physical description:
xiv, 234 p., [8] p. of plates : ill. ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Great Plains
Date:
1996
C1996
19th century
Topic:
Politics and government  Search this
History--Sources  Search this
Government relations  Search this
Chiefdoms--History  Search this
Political leadership--History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_506000

Red Cloud : warrior-statesman of the Lakota Sioux / by Robert W. Larson

Author:
Larson, Robert W. 1927-  Search this
Subject:
Red Cloud 1822-1909  Search this
Physical description:
xvi, 336 p. : ill., map ; 23 cm
Type:
Biography
Date:
1997
C1997
Topic:
Kings and rulers  Search this
Wars  Search this
Government relations  Search this
Call number:
CT275.R295 L37 1997
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_506396

Building the nation back up : the politics of identity on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation / Mikael Kurkiala

Author:
Kurkiala, Mikael  Search this
Physical description:
254 p. : ill., maps ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
South Dakota
Pine Ridge Indian Reservation
Pine Ridge Indian Reservation (S.D.)
Date:
1997
Topic:
Ethnic identity  Search this
Politics and government  Search this
Government relations  Search this
Social conditions  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_538033

In the spirit of Crazy Horse / Peter Matthiessen ; with an afterword by Martin Garbus

Author:
Matthiessen, Peter  Search this
Subject:
Peltier, Leonard  Search this
American Indian Movement  Search this
Physical description:
xli, 645 p. : maps ; 25 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1991
C1991
1934-
Topic:
Government relations  Search this
Call number:
E93.M46 1991X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_439311

Where white men fear to tread : the autobiography of Russell Means / Russell Means, with Marvin J. Wolf

Author:
Means, Russell 1939-  Search this
Wolf, Marvin J  Search this
Subject:
Means, Russell 1939-  Search this
American Indian Movement  Search this
Physical description:
xviii, 573 p. : ill., maps ; 25 cm
Type:
Biography
Date:
1995
1934-
Topic:
Government relations  Search this
Call number:
CT275.M4836 A1 1995
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_485695

In the spirit of Crazy Horse / Peter Matthiessen

Author:
Matthiessen, Peter  Search this
Subject:
Peltier, Leonard  Search this
American Indian Movement  Search this
Physical description:
xli, 628 p. : maps ; 25 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1983
1934-
Topic:
Government relations  Search this
Call number:
E93 .M46 1983X
E93.M46 1983X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_151451

Red Cloud and the Sioux problem [by] James C. Olson

Author:
Olson, James C  Search this
Subject:
Red Cloud 1822-1909  Search this
Physical description:
xiii, 375 p. illus., map. (on lining papers) ports. 24 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1965
[1965]
Topic:
History  Search this
Government relations  Search this
Call number:
E99.O3 O52
E99.O3O52
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_36044

The heart of everything that is : the untold story of Red Cloud, an American legend / Bob Drury and Tom Clavin

Author:
Drury, Bob  Search this
Subject:
Red Cloud 1822-1909  Search this
Physical description:
xii, 414 pages : illustrations, maps ; 24 cm
Type:
Biography
History
Date:
2013
Topic:
Kings and rulers  Search this
Red Cloud's War, 1866-1867  Search this
Government relations  Search this
History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1035553

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