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Framed photograph of Rosa Pierrette, "last speaker of the Ofo language," Marksville, LA

Collection Creator:
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The original nitrate negatives are in cold storage and require advanced notice for viewing.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Photo Lot 76, John Reed Swanton photographs relating to Southeastern Native Americans, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.76, Item 206a
See more items in:
John Reed Swanton photographs relating to Southeastern Native Americans
John Reed Swanton photographs relating to Southeastern Native Americans / Ofo
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-76-ref761

MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers

Creator:
Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895  Search this
Names:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
Bushotter, George, 1864-1892  Search this
Gatschet, Albert S. (Albert Samuel), 1832-1907  Search this
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Mooney, James, 1861-1921  Search this
Powell, John Wesley, 1834-1902  Search this
Riggs, Stephen Return, 1812-1883  Search this
Extent:
30 Linear feet (70 boxes, 1 oversized box, 20 manuscript envelopes, 4 rolled maps, and 23 map folders)
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Athapascan Indians  Search this
Minitari (Hidatsa)  Search this
Numakiki (Mandan)  Search this
Biloxi Indians  Search this
Tutelo  Search this
Iowa  Search this
Chiwere  Search this
Ho-Chunk (Winnebago)  Search this
Oto  Search this
Quapaw Indians  Search this
Osage  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Lakota (Teton/Western Sioux)  Search this
Dhegiha Indians  Search this
Assiniboine (Stoney)  Search this
Ponca  Search this
Omaha  Search this
Tututni (Tutuni)  Search this
Kaw (Kansa)  Search this
Siletz  Search this
Coos (Kusan)  Search this
Yaquina (Yakwina)  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southeast  Search this
Takelma (Rogue River Indians)  Search this
Klikitat  Search this
Chasta Costa (Chastacosta)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Field notes
Drawings
Vocabulary
Folklore
Sermons
Manuscripts
Obituaries
Correspondence
Newspaper clippings
Place:
Siletz Indian Reservation (Or.)
Date:
circa 1870-1956
bulk 1870-1895
Summary:
Reverend James Owen Dorsey (1848-1895) was a missionary and Bureau of American Ethnology ethnologist who conducted extensive research on Siouan tribes and languages.The papers of James Owen Dorsey comprise mostly ethnographic and linguistic materials on various tribes of the Siouan language family as well as tribes from Siletz Reservation in Oregon. These materials include texts and letters with interlineal translations; grammar notes; dictionaries; drawings; and his manuscripts. In addition, the collection contains Dorsey's correspondence, newspaper clippings, his obituaries, and reprints.
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains James O. Dorsey's research and writings as a BAE ethnologist, as well as his earlier work as a missionary among the Ponca. The vast majority of the collection pertains to his research on Siouan-Catawban languages, including the Dakota and Dhegiha languages, Chiwere, Winnebago, Mandan, Hidatsa, Tutelo, Biloxi, and Catawba. His research on Athapascan, Kusan, Takilman, and Yakonan languages from his field work at Siletz Reservation are also present, as well as some notes on the Caddoan languages. Dorsey's research files include linguistic and ethnological field notes, reading notes, stories and myths, vocabularies, drawings, and unpublished and published manuscripts. The collection also contains Omaha, Ponca, Quapaw, and Biloxi dictionaries that he compiled and materials relating to his work editing Steven Riggs' Dakota-English Dictionary. Additional noteworthy materials in the collection are Teton texts and drawings from George Bushotter and drawings by Stephen Stubbs (Kansa), Pahaule-gagli (Kansa), and George Miller (Omaha). The collection also contains Dorsey's correspondence, newspaper clippings, obituaries, and his collection of reprints.
Arrangement:
The collection is organized into 6 series: 1) Siouan; 2) Siletz Reservation; 3) Caddoan; 4) General Correspondence; 5) Personal Papers; 6) Miscellaneous & Reprints.
Biographical Note:
Reverend James Owen Dorsey (1848-1895) was a missionary and Bureau of American Ethnology ethnologist who conducted extensive research on Siouan tribes and languages.

Dorsey was born on October 31, 1848 in Baltimore, Maryland. He exhibited a talent for languages at an early age. At age 6 he learned the Hebrew alphabet and was able to read the language at age 10. In 1867 Dorsey attended the Theological Seminary of Virginia and was ordained a deacon of the Protestant Episcopal Church in 1871. In May of that year, Dorsey traveled to the Dakota Territory to serve as a missionary among the Ponca. Plagued by ill health, Dorsey was forced to end his missionary work in August 1873. By that time, however, he had learned the Ponca language well enough to converse with members of the tribe without an interpreter.

Dorsey returned to Maryland and engaged in parish work while continuing his studies of Siouan languages. His linguistic talents and knowledge of these languages attracted the attention of Major John Wesley Powell. Powell arranged for Dorsey to work among the Omaha in Nebraska from 1878 to 1880 to collect linguistic and ethnological notes. When the Bureau of American Ethnology (BAE) was established in 1879, Powell recruited Dorsey to join the staff.

As an ethnologist for the BAE, Dorsey continued his research on Siouan tribes. His studies focused on languages but also included Siouan personal names, folklore, social organization, religion, beliefs, and customs. He conducted fieldwork among the Tutelo at Six Nations on Grand River in Upper Canada (1882); the Kansa, Osage, and Quapaw in Indian Territory (1883-1884); the Biloxi at Lecompte, Rapides Parish, Louisiana (1892); and again with the Quapaw at the Quapaw Mission (1894). He also worked with Native Americans that visited DC, including George Bushotter (Teton), Philip Longtail (Winnebago), Samuel Fremont (Omaha), and Little Standing Buffalo (Ponca). He also spent time at Siletz Reservation in 1884 to collect linguistic notes on the Athapascan, Kusan, Takilman, and Yakonan stocks.

In addition to his research, Dorsey helped found the American Folklore Society and served as the first vice-president of the association. He also served as vice-president of Section H of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

At the age of 47, Dorsey died of typhoid fever on February 4, 1895.

Sources Consulted

1st-16th Annual Reports of the Bureau of American Ethnology. 1881-1897.

Hewitt, J.N.B. 1895. "James Owen Dorsey" American Anthropologist A8, 180-183.

McGee, W.J. 1895. "In Memoriam." Journal of American Folklore 8(28): 79-80.

1848 -- Born on October 31 in Baltimore, Maryland.

1871 -- Ordained a deacon of the Protestant Episcopal Church.

1871-1873 -- Served as a missionary among the Ponca in Dakota Territory.

1878-1880 -- Conducted fieldwork among the Omaha in Nebraska.

1879 -- Joined the staff of the Bureau of American Ethnology.

1882 -- Conducted fieldwork among the Tutelo at Six Nations on Grand River in Upper Canada.

1883-1884 -- Conducted fieldwork among the Kansa, Osage, and Quapaw in Indian Territory.

1887 -- Worked with George Bushotter to record information regarding the language and culture of the Dakota.

1884 -- Conducted fieldwork at Siletz Reservation.

1892 -- Conducted fieldwork among the Biloxi at Lecompte, Rapides Parish, Louisiana.

1894 -- Conducted fieldwork among the Quapaw at the Quapaw Mission in Indian Territory.

1895 -- Died of typhoid fever on February 4th at the age of 47.
Restrictions:
The James O. Dorsey Papers are open for research. Access to the James O. Dorsey Papers requires an appointment
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Catawba Indians  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Ethnology  Search this
Social structure  Search this
Kinship  Search this
Manners and customs  Search this
Shahaptian languages  Search this
Yakonan languages  Search this
Athapascan languages  Search this
Kusan languages  Search this
Linguistics  Search this
Siouan languages  Search this
Dhegiha language  Search this
Siuslaw Indians  Search this
Hidatsa language  Search this
Omaha language  Search this
Dakota language  Search this
Catawba language  Search this
Biloxi language  Search this
Caddoan languages  Search this
Osage language  Search this
Alsea language  Search this
Kansa language  Search this
Mandan language  Search this
Chastacosta language  Search this
Coquille language  Search this
Tutelo language  Search this
Winnebago language  Search this
Siuslaw language  Search this
Takelma language  Search this
Genre/Form:
Field notes
Drawings
Vocabulary
Folklore
Sermons
Manuscripts
Obituaries
Correspondence
Newspaper clippings
Citation:
Manuscript 4800 James O. Dorsey papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4800
See more items in:
MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4800
Online Media:

Tutelo, Biloxi

Collection Creator:
Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
In 1892, Dorsey traveled to Lecompte, Rapides Parish, Louisiana, to work with the Biloxi and review and correct the linguistic information that Albert Gatschet had gathered during a previous trip in 1886. Dorsey and Gatschet's notes are in this subseries, as well as Dorsey's research on Tutelo, which includes vocabulary collected by J.N.B. Hewitt. Some of the materials were published posthumously in "A Dictionary of the Biloxi and Ofo Languages," Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 47.
Collection Restrictions:
The James O. Dorsey Papers are open for research. Access to the James O. Dorsey Papers requires an appointment
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 4800 James O. Dorsey papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4800, Subseries 1.6
See more items in:
MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers
MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers / Series 1: Siouan-Catawban
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4800-ref452

Tutelo-English vocabulary

Collection Creator:
Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895  Search this
Container:
Box 52, Item 337
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1892 July
Scope and Contents:
Printed in Dorsey and John R. Swanton, "A Dictionary of the Biloxi and Ofo Languages," Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 47.
Collection Restrictions:
The James O. Dorsey Papers are open for research. Access to the James O. Dorsey Papers requires an appointment
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 4800 James O. Dorsey papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers
MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers / Series 1: Siouan-Catawban / 1.6: Tutelo, Biloxi
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4800-ref459

Biloxi texts

Collection Creator:
Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895  Search this
Container:
Box 51B, Item 338
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1893 - 1893
Scope and Contents:
Printed in Dorsey and John R. Swanton, "A Dictionary of the Biloxi and Ofo languages" BAE Bulletin 47.
Collection Restrictions:
The James O. Dorsey Papers are open for research. Access to the James O. Dorsey Papers requires an appointment
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 4800 James O. Dorsey papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers
MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers / Series 1: Siouan-Catawban / 1.6: Tutelo, Biloxi
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4800-ref460

Biloxi texts, with English interlinear and free translations and notes

Collection Creator:
Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895  Search this
Extent:
2 Folders
Container:
Box 58, Item 354
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Includes Swanton's introduction to "A Dictionary of the Biloxi and Ofo Languages," Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 47. Typescript and Autograph document.
Collection Restrictions:
The James O. Dorsey Papers are open for research. Access to the James O. Dorsey Papers requires an appointment
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 4800 James O. Dorsey papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers
MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers / Series 1: Siouan-Catawban / 1.6: Tutelo, Biloxi
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4800-ref476

Biloxi-English dictionary

Collection Creator:
Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895  Search this
Container:
Box 54-57, Item 357
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Also includes English index to Biloxi dictionary. Typescript and autograph document. "These . . . comprise the printer's copy for the Biloxi-Eng. (1 & 2) and Eng-Bil (box 3) part of Bull. 47 by Dorsey and Swanton. The slips were typed by Swanton and some times have pencilled additions in Swanton's hand. In at least some cases the changes in orthography introduced by Swanton are indicated here. Swanton's dictionaries (others as well) were printed directly from cards such as these. I have not had time to look at Dorsey's file of slips, but it may be what Swanton copied these cards from." M. R. Haas 6-17-71.

Published in Dorsey and John Swanton, A Dictionary of the Biloxi and Ofo languages, Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 47.
Collection Restrictions:
The James O. Dorsey Papers are open for research. Access to the James O. Dorsey Papers requires an appointment
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 4800 James O. Dorsey papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers
MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers / Series 1: Siouan-Catawban / 1.6: Tutelo, Biloxi
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4800-ref483

MS 4201 Southeast ethnographic and vocabulary notes

Creator:
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Billy, Baptiste  Search this
Informant:
Billiot, Billy  Search this
Verdine, Yeet  Search this
Bohanan, Anthony  Search this
Lewis, Jackson  Search this
Extent:
163 Pages
Culture:
Muskogee (Creek)  Search this
Ofo  Search this
Alabama Indians  Search this
Atakapa  Search this
Miccosukee Seminole (Mikasuki)  Search this
Biloxi Indians  Search this
Natchez (archaeological)  Search this
Tunica  Search this
Muskogee (Creek)  Search this
Houma  Search this
Choctaw  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Diaries
Date:
May, 1907
Scope and Contents:
Includes: census of Indian families in several Louisiana towns, pages 2 and 200; Houma vocabulary, pages 3, 198, and 4; Alibamu belt design, page 8; Hitchiti and Creek stories, pages 29-33, 172-169; and diagram of "Stomp ground in Greenleaf Mtns. for Natchez and Cherokee," page 58. Diary of May 2-22 [1907] in Louisiana; then proceeds to Indian Territory. In stenographic notebook. Is numbered 1-100 on on side of pages and 101-200 running back the other way on reverse; but notes have been taken in normal order. Partial outline of contents prepared summer, 1970 by M. C. Blaker gives page numbers in order inscribed, Incomplete outline of contents left with manuscript.-- MCB, 6/1972.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4201
Local Note:
autograph document
Topic:
American Indian -- Southeast  Search this
Folklore  Search this
Censuses  Search this
Ofo language  Search this
Choctaw language  Search this
Alabama language  Search this
Atakapa language  Search this
Hitchiti language  Search this
Creek language  Search this
Biloxi language  Search this
Natchez language  Search this
Tunica language  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Genre/Form:
Diaries
Citation:
Manuscript 4201, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4201
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4201
Online Media:

MS 2455 Ofo-English dictionary

Creator:
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Informant:
Pierrette, Rosa  Search this
Extent:
1,403 Items (cards )
Culture:
Ofo  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1908
Scope and Contents:
Also includes English index to Ofo dictionary. 1908. Typescript document with a. notations. 790 cards.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2455
Local Note:
According to Bureau of American Ethnology-AR 48, page 5, Swanton in 1908 "obtained the only specimens of [Ofo] language in existence from Rosa Pierrette, "the sole Indian acquainted with the Ofo language."
typescript and autograph document
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 2455, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2455
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2455

A dictionary of the Biloxi and Ofo languages, accompanied with thirty-one Biloxi texts and numerous Biloxi phrases

Author:
Dorsey, James Owen  Search this
Swanton, John Reed  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Electronic document
Year:
1912
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILSRO_89702

Biloxi Texts 1893

Creator:
Dorsey, James Owen 1848-1895  Search this
Physical description:
142 pages
Culture:
Biloxi Indians  Search this
Indians of North America Southern States  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1893
Local number:
NAA MS 4800: (3.6.1.2) [337]
See more items in:
James O. Dorsey Papers
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_85802

Biloxi texts, with English interlinear and free translations and notes

Creator:
Dorsey, James Owen 1848-1895  Search this
Physical description:
245 pages
Culture:
Biloxi Indians  Search this
Indians of North America Southern States  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Topic:
Language and languages--Documentation  Search this
Local number:
NAA MS 4800: (3.6.1.2) [354]
See more items in:
James O. Dorsey Papers
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_85819

Biloxi-English dictionary

Creator:
Dorsey, James Owen 1848-1895  Search this
Swanton, John Reed  Search this
Physical description:
ca. 3155 cards
Culture:
Biloxi Indians  Search this
Indians of North America Southern States  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Topic:
Language and languages--Documentation  Search this
Local number:
NAA MS 4800: (3.6.1.2) [357]
See more items in:
James O. Dorsey Papers
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_85823

A dictionary of the Biloxi and Ofo languages, accompanied with thirty-one Biloxi texts and numerous Biloxi phrases, by James Owen Dorsey and John R. Swanton

Author:
Dorsey, James Owen 1848-1895  Search this
Swanton, John Reed 1873-1958  Search this
Physical description:
v, 340 p. 24 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1912
Topic:
Biloxi language  Search this
Ofo language  Search this
Call number:
PM702 .D67 1912
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_681449

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