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MS 280 Comparative vocabulary of the following tribes: Bellabella (Haeeltzeck), Bellacoola (Billi-hoola), Chimmesyan, Haida (Haidah), Tongas, Kittizoo (Kittistzoo)

Creator:
Tolmie, William Fraser  Search this
Collector:
Gibbs, George, 1815-1873  Search this
Extent:
4 Pages
Culture:
Heiltsuk (Bella Bella)  Search this
Tsimshian  Search this
Haida  Search this
Nuxalk (Bellacoola)  Search this
Tongas  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Tlingit  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 280
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Bella Coola (Nuxalk)  Search this
Kitasoo  Search this
Tongass  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 280, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS280
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms280
Online Media:

Mask

Culture/People:
probably Nuxalk (Bellacoola) (attributed)  Search this
Previous owner:
Wilhelm Helmer, Non-Indian  Search this
Seller:
Wilhelm Helmer, Non-Indian  Search this
Object Name:
Mask
Media/Materials:
Wood, cedar bark
Techniques:
Painted, carved
Object Type:
Masks and Masking
Place:
Quatsino; Mount Waddington Regional District; British Columbia; Canada
Archipelago:
Vancouver Island Group
Island Name:
Vancouver Island
Date created:
circa 1940
Catalog Number:
23/8254
Barcode:
238254.000
See related items:
Nuxalk (Bellacoola)
Masks and Masking
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6fe05c5ac-a939-4033-9b34-f9a0d78105c0
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_253803
Online Media:

Albertype Company photograph collection relating to Native Americans

Collector:
Albertype Co.  Search this
Witteman, Hermann L., -1952  Search this
Photographer:
Fred Harvey (Firm)  Search this
Kiser Photo Co. (Portland, Or.)  Search this
N.W. Halsey & Co.  Search this
Bell, C. M. (Charles Milton), approximately 1849-1893  Search this
Clarke, H. H.  Search this
Cornish, Geo. B. (George Bancroft)  Search this
Fiske, Frank Bennett, 1883-1952  Search this
Flood, H. Lee  Search this
Hazeltine, H. R.  Search this
Martin, W. H. (William H.), 1865-1940  Search this
Mathers, C. W.  Search this
Matsura, Frank, 1873-1913  Search this
Reed, Roland, 1864-1934  Search this
Stimson, Joseph Elam, 1870-1952  Search this
Watkins, H. H.  Search this
Names:
Wittemann, A. (Adolph), 1845-1938 (collector and photographer)  Search this
Extent:
318 Negatives (circa, nitrate (includes copy negatives))
Culture:
Pueblo Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Niuam (Comanche)  Search this
Cree  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Coast Salish  Search this
Colville  Search this
Eskimos  Search this
Fox Indians  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Tli Cho (Dogrib/Thlingchadinne)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Caddo  Search this
Nuxalk (Bellacoola)  Search this
Acoma Pueblo  Search this
Apache  Search this
Inunaina (Arapaho)  Search this
Assiniboine (Stoney)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Laguna Indians  Search this
Kiowa  Search this
Isleta Pueblo  Search this
Piipaash (Maricopa)  Search this
Havasupai (Coconino)  Search this
Haida  Search this
A'aninin (Gros Ventre)  Search this
Ponca  Search this
Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)  Search this
Osage  Search this
Anishinaabe (Chippewa/Ojibwa)  Search this
Niimíipuu (Nez Perce)  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Mojave (Mohave)  Search this
Tewa Pueblos  Search this
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Shoshone  Search this
Taos Indians  Search this
Seminole  Search this
Shawnee  Search this
Northwest Coast  Search this
Sarsi Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Hawaiians  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Japanese  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Negatives
Photographs
Place:
Maine
Kansas City (Mo.)
British Columbia
Virgin Islands
Vancouver (British Columbia)
Date:
circa 1890-1910
Scope and Contents note:
The collection consists of photographs collected by the Albertype Company for their postcards and viewbooks, including portraits, scenery, camps, Native Americans schools, and some paintings and composites for postcard printing. Additional subjects include rock drawings in Maine; a statue in Kansas City, Missouri; Standing Rock Monument in North Dakota; people in Atlin, British Columbia; Carib rock drawings in the Virgin Islands; and totem poles in Vancouver.

Included are works of Charles Milton Bell, E. A. Benson, C. R. Bourne, H. E. Brown, William Bull, H. H. Clarke, George B. Cornish, Frank Bennett Fiske, H. Lee Flood, N. W. Halsey, Fred Harvey, H. R. Hazeltine, Kiser Photograph Company, W. H. Martin, C. W. Mathers, Frank Matsura, W. H. Matthewson, Charles E. Morris, Ernest Moses, J. S. Myers, M. OʹConnor, G. W. Parsons, Roland W. Reed, C. B. Robinson , J. E. Stimson, W. M. Stoltz, and H. H. Watkins. Clarke and Fiske, however, are the only photographers with more than a few images.
Biographical/Historical note:
The Albertype Company, headquartered in Brooklyn, New York, published viewbooks and postcards for national distribution. Founded by Adolph and Herman Witteman, the company began publishing souvenier photographic albums as early as 1867. The Wittemans established Witteman Brothers in 1885, and then the Albertype Company in 1890. From 1890 to 1950, the firm published collotypes made from the photographs of its agents (including Adolph Witteman), other companies, and independent photographers. The firm was purchased in 1952 by Art Vue Post Card Company.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 25
Reproduction Note:
Modern copy negatives and prints made by Smithsonian Institution, circa 1972.
Location of Other Archival Materials:
The Library of Congress, Wisconsin Historical Society, and Historical Society of Pennsylvania also hold original Albertype Company prints and negatives.
Albertype Company views are also held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 88-37, Photo Lot 92-37, and Photo Lot 92-3.
Restrictions:
Original nitrate negatives are in cold storage and require advanced notice for viewing. Modern copy prints and copy negatives for nearly all images are available.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Rock paintings  Search this
Totem poles  Search this
Catawba Indians  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 25, Albertype Company photograph collection relating to Native Americans, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.25
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-25

George T. Emmons: Object Lists with Notes, Alaska, Tlingit Collection

Collection Creator:
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Collection Collector:
Johnson, Frederick, 1904-1994  Search this
Churchill, Frank C. (Frank Carroll), 1850-1912  Search this
Davis, Edward H., b. 1862  Search this
Churchill, Clara G.  Search this
Harrington, M. R. (Mark Raymond), 1882-1971  Search this
Harvey, Byron  Search this
Emmons, George Thornton  Search this
Gridley, Marion E. (Marion Eleanor), 1906-1974  Search this
Wildschut, William  Search this
Stiles, William F., 1912-1980  Search this
Verrill, A. Hyatt (Alpheus Hyatt), 1871-1954  Search this
Skinner, Alanson, 1886-1925  Search this
Waterman, T. T. (Thomas Talbot), 1885-1936  Search this
Harvey, Fred  Search this
Keppler, Udo J., 1872-1956  Search this
Lothrop, S. K. (Samuel Kirkland), 1892-1965  Search this
Barrett, S. A. (Samuel Alfred), 1879-1965  Search this
Pepper, George H. (George Hubbard), 1873-1924  Search this
Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950  Search this
Hodge, Frederick Webb, 1864-1956  Search this
Collection Director:
Dockstader, Frederick J.  Search this
Heye, George G. (George Gustav), 1874-1957  Search this
Collection Source:
Force, Roland W.  Search this
Burnett, Edwin K.  Search this
Container:
Box 215, Folder 11
Culture:
Nuxalk (Bellacoola)  Search this
Tlingit  Search this
Kwakwaka'wakw (Kwakiutl)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1912
Scope and Contents:
Notes on 03/2234-03/2263, 03/3293 (032234-032263, 033293).
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from the National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation Records, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation records
Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation records / Series 6: Collectors
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-001-ref16123

George T. Emmons: Object Lists with Notes, British Columbia

Collection Creator:
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Collection Collector:
Johnson, Frederick, 1904-1994  Search this
Churchill, Frank C. (Frank Carroll), 1850-1912  Search this
Davis, Edward H., b. 1862  Search this
Churchill, Clara G.  Search this
Harrington, M. R. (Mark Raymond), 1882-1971  Search this
Harvey, Byron  Search this
Emmons, George Thornton  Search this
Gridley, Marion E. (Marion Eleanor), 1906-1974  Search this
Wildschut, William  Search this
Stiles, William F., 1912-1980  Search this
Verrill, A. Hyatt (Alpheus Hyatt), 1871-1954  Search this
Skinner, Alanson, 1886-1925  Search this
Waterman, T. T. (Thomas Talbot), 1885-1936  Search this
Harvey, Fred  Search this
Keppler, Udo J., 1872-1956  Search this
Lothrop, S. K. (Samuel Kirkland), 1892-1965  Search this
Barrett, S. A. (Samuel Alfred), 1879-1965  Search this
Pepper, George H. (George Hubbard), 1873-1924  Search this
Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950  Search this
Hodge, Frederick Webb, 1864-1956  Search this
Collection Director:
Dockstader, Frederick J.  Search this
Heye, George G. (George Gustav), 1874-1957  Search this
Collection Source:
Force, Roland W.  Search this
Burnett, Edwin K.  Search this
Container:
Box 216, Folder 18
Culture:
Kwakwaka'wakw (Kwakiutl)  Search this
Lytton Nlaka'pamux (Upper Thompson River Salish)  Search this
Nuxalk (Bellacoola)  Search this
Coast Salish  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1943
Scope and Contents:
Notes on 20/6175-20/6195 (20/6175-20/6195).
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from the National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation Records, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation records
Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation records / Series 6: Collectors
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-001-ref16213

George Thornton Emmons photograph collection

Creator:
Emmons, George Thornton  Search this
Source:
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Former owner:
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Extent:
20 Photographic prints
12 Copy negatives
Culture:
Nisga'a (Niska)  Search this
Kwakwaka'wakw (Kwakiutl)  Search this
Yup'ik (Yupik Eskimo)  Search this
Nuxalk (Bellacoola)  Search this
Haida  Search this
Tlingit  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Copy negatives
Place:
Alaska
Date:
1870-1917
bulk 1870-1890
Summary:
Photographic prints and copy negatives made by George Thornton Emmons among Native communities in Alaska and British Columbia mostly between 1870 and 1890. Communities photographed include—Nisga'a (Niska), Kwakwaka'wakw (Kwakiutl), Yup'ik, Nuxalk (Ballacoola), Haida, and Tlingit.
Scope and Contents:
This collection includes photographic prints made by George Thornton Emmons among Native communities in Alaska and British Columbia mostly between 1870 and 1890. Communities photographed include—Nisga'a (Niska), Kwakwaka'wakw (Kwakiutl), Yup'ik, Nuxalk (Ballacoola), Haida, and Tlingit. There is at least one photograph that is dated 1917. Many of the photographs include portrait of Native men and women often posed outside of their homes or community structures. There are also photographs of totem poles and masks. There are some images of graves that have been restricted. The copy negatives were later made by the Museum of the American Indian during a large photograph conservation project in the 1960s.
P00232-P00234, P00239, P00275, P00572-P00573, P01476-P01479, P01726-P01728, P03047, P08606-P08607, P12763, P12767. N11618, N35404, N37558-N37560, N37562, N37597, N37598, N37883-N37885.
Arrangement:
Arranged by catalog number.
Biographical / Historical:
George Thornton Emmons (1852-1945) was born in Baltimore Maryland and attended the U.S. Naval Academy attaining the rank of lieutenant j.g. in 1883 and lieutenant in 1887. While being stationed in Sitka, Alaska Emmons became interested in the native cultures of the region, particularly the Tlingit and Tahltan. He collected over 11000 objects and sold his first collection of 1351 artifacts to the American Museum of Natural History in 1888. Emmons accompanied the Alaska exhibit during the World's Columbian Exposition from 1891-1893 and began writing up his Tlingit research for AMNH in 1894. Following his retirement from the Navy, Emmons continued collecting Alaskan artifacts which he sold to collectors, including George Heye and the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation. Emmons first started selling and donating collections to George Heye in 1905 and continued to do so for the remainder of his life. In 1932 Emmons moved to Victoria, British Columbia to work on his Tlingit book, which was still unfinished at his death in 1945. Following his death, his manuscript based on 40 years of research and writing was taken over by Frederica de Laguna and 1955 and finally published in 1991.
Related Materials:
George T. Emmons field notes, mostly object lists from Alaska and British Columbia, can be found in the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation records (NMAI.AC.001) Box 215-217.
Provenance:
It is unclear when most of these photographs were obtained by the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation. It is likely they accompanied ethnographic collections sent by Emmons, the earliest of which arrived in 1905.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu). Photographs with burials, human remains or any other cultural sensitivity are restricted.
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited users to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changed, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian.
Topic:
Photographs  Search this
British Columbia  Search this
Genre/Form:
Copy negatives
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); George Thornton Emmons photograph collection, Item Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.001.053
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-001-053

William A. Newcombe and George Gustav Heye photographs from British Columbia

Creator:
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Newcombe, William A.  Search this
Heye, George G. (George Gustav), 1874-1957  Search this
Names:
Dunsmuir, James, 1851-1920  Search this
Menzies, Thomas Philip Oxenham  Search this
Extent:
45 Photographic prints (Silver Gelatin DOP)
20 Copy negatives
Culture:
Saanich  Search this
Esquimalt  Search this
Cowichan  Search this
Kwakwaka'wakw (Kwakiutl)  Search this
Snuneymuxw (Nanaimo)  Search this
Nuxalk (Bellacoola)  Search this
Coast Salish  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Copy negatives
Place:
British Columbia
Vancouver Island (B.C.)
Date:
bulk 1934-1938
1912-1913
1929
Summary:
Photographs shot by William A. Newcombe during three collecting trips to British Columbia with George Gustav Heye, director of the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation. Between 1934 and 1938 Newcombe and Heye collected and photographed among the collecting ethnographic materials from the Saanich, Esquimalt, Cowichan, Kwakwaka'wakw (Kwakiutl), Snuneymuxw (Nanaimo), and Nuxalk (Bellacoola) communities.
Scope and Contents:
This collection includes photographic prints, mostly silver gelatin prints shot between 1934 and 1938 by William Newcombe during his collecting trips in British Columbia with George Heye on behalf of the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation. It is possible that George Heye shot some of the photographs himself. This collection has been arranged into three series based on trip date. Series 1 includes photographs shot among Coast Salish communities in August of 1934 on the East Saanich Reserve (Tsawout First Nation) and Esquimalt (Salish/Songhees) Reserve on Cormorant and Vancouver Islands, British Columbia. These photographs include images of canoes and house posts that are now part of the NMAI collection. (P11371 - P11386, P11412, N36649 - N36653)

Series 2 includes photographs shot in the summer of 1935 in the Cowichan Valley Regional District on Vancouver Island, British Columbia. Images include portraits of Louis and Jennie George (Cowichan) alongside George Gustav Heye. (P11516 - P11526, N36657 - N36659 ; N36666 - N36667. Series 3 includes photographs shot in the summer of 1938 at various locations on Vancouver Island, British Columbia. Communities photographed include Kwakwaka'wakw (Kwakiutl), Saanich, Snuneymuxw (Nanaimo), and Nuxalk (Bellacoola). George Heye can be seen in several images holding objects that are now part of the NMAI collection. Heye was also accompanied by Thomas Philip Oxenham Menzies, curator of the Vancouver City Museum, for part of the trip. There are also images of the James Dunsmuir Esate in Hatley Park. (P13423 - P13430, P13648 - P13656, N36880 - N36889.

The copy negatives were made from the prints at some point in the 1960s during a large photographic conservation project at the museum.
Arrangement:
Arranged into three series by trip date, Series 1: East Saanich Reserve (Tsawout First Nation) and Esquimalt (Salish/Songhees) Reserve, 1934; Series 2: Cowichan Valley Regional District, 1935; and Series 3: Vancouver Island, 1938.
Biographical / Historical:
William A. Newcombe (1884-1960) worked with George Gustav Heye, director of the Museum of the American Indian, Heye foundation over the course of several trips to British Columbia in the 1930s. William, son of Charles Frederick Newcombe, became an authority on the ethnology of British Columbia's native peoples. Newcombe and Heye went on at least three trips to British Columbia in 1934, 1935 and 1938, collecting ethnographic materials from the Saanich, Esquimalt, Cowichan, Kwakwaka'wakw (Kwakiutl), Snuneymuxw (Nanaimo), and Nuxalk (Bellacoola) communities.
Provenance:
These field photographs accompanied the ethnographic materials collected by William Newcombe and George Gustav Heye in 1934, 1935 and 1938.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu). Photographs with culturally sensitive subjects are restricted.
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited users to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changed, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian.
Topic:
Photographs  Search this
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); William A. Newcombe and George Gustav Heye photographs from British Columbia, Item Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.001.051
See more items in:
William A. Newcombe and George Gustav Heye photographs from British Columbia
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-001-051
Online Media:

Vancouver Island

Collection Creator:
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Newcombe, William A.  Search this
Heye, George G. (George Gustav), 1874-1957  Search this
Extent:
17 Photographic prints
10 Copy negatives
Culture:
Kwakwaka'wakw (Kwakiutl)  Search this
Snuneymuxw (Nanaimo)  Search this
Nuxalk (Bellacoola)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Copy negatives
Date:
1938
1912-1913
Scope and Contents:
Photographs shot in the summer of 1938 at various locations on Vancouver Island, British Columbia. Communities photographed include Kwakwaka'wakw (Kwakiutl), Saanich, Snuneymuxw (Nanaimo), and Nuxalk (Bellacoola). George Heye can be seen in several images holding objects that are now part of the NMAI collection. Heye was also accompanied by Thomas Philip Oxenham Menzies, curator of the Vancouver City Museum, for part of the trip. There are also images of the James Dunsmuir Esate in Hatley Park. In addition to the 1938 photographs there are several photographs of a ceremonial Kwakwaka'wakw (Kwakiutl) carving shot by Charles Newcombe and James Dunsmuir made in 1912 and 1913 in this series. William Newcombe and Heye later collected that carving from the Dunsmuir estate in 1938. (P13423 - P13430, P13648 - P13656, N36880 - N36889)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu). Photographs with culturally sensitive subjects are restricted.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited users to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changed, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); William A. Newcombe and George Gustav Heye photographs from British Columbia, Item Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.001.051, Series 3
See more items in:
William A. Newcombe and George Gustav Heye photographs from British Columbia
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-001-051-ref3

George Heye with Clarissa Draney and T.P.O Menzies

Collection Creator:
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Newcombe, William A.  Search this
Heye, George G. (George Gustav), 1874-1957  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print
Container:
Photo-folder 7
Culture:
Nuxalk (Bellacoola)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic prints
Date:
1938 July 29
Scope and Contents:
Outdoor portrait of George Gustav Heye holding a Nuxalk (Bellacoola) wooden dish representing a beaver (NMAI catalog number 19/8964), and Clarissa Draney and Mr. T.P.O (Thomas Philip Oxenham) Menzies balancing a Nuxalk (Bellacoola) canoe prow carved to represent an eagle (NMAI catalog number 19/9029) on a wooden bench. They are posed in a garden in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu). Photographs with culturally sensitive subjects are restricted.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited users to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changed, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); William A. Newcombe and George Gustav Heye photographs from British Columbia, Item Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.001.051, Item P13429
See more items in:
William A. Newcombe and George Gustav Heye photographs from British Columbia
William A. Newcombe and George Gustav Heye photographs from British Columbia / Series 3: Vancouver Island
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-001-051-ref38

George Heye with Clarissa Draney and E.S. Robinson

Collection Creator:
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Newcombe, William A.  Search this
Heye, George G. (George Gustav), 1874-1957  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print
Container:
Photo-folder 7
Culture:
Nuxalk (Bellacoola)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic prints
Date:
1938 July 29
Scope and Contents:
Outdoor portrait of George Gustav Heye holding a Nuxalk (Bellacoola) wooden dish representing a beaver (NMAI catalog number 19/8964), and Clarissa Draney and Mr. E.S. Robinson balancing a Nuxalk (Bellacoola) canoe prow carved to represent an eagle (NMAI catalog number 19/9029) on a wooden bench. They are posed in a garden in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu). Photographs with culturally sensitive subjects are restricted.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited users to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changed, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); William A. Newcombe and George Gustav Heye photographs from British Columbia, Item Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.001.051, Item P13430
See more items in:
William A. Newcombe and George Gustav Heye photographs from British Columbia
William A. Newcombe and George Gustav Heye photographs from British Columbia / Series 3: Vancouver Island
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-001-051-ref39

MS 7301 First-day-issue stamps showing Northwest Coast masks

Collector:
Merrill, William  Search this
Extent:
8 Envelopes
19 Stamps
2 Slides
Culture:
Heiltsuk (Bella Bella)  Search this
Nuxalk (Bellacoola)  Search this
Tlingit  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Envelopes
Stamps
Slides
Postage stamps
Slides (photographs)
Photographic slides
Date:
September 25, 1980
Scope and Contents:
Stamps are on first-day-issue envelopes postmarked Spokane, Washington. The masks included are of the Bellacoola, Tlingit, and Bellabella. Also included are two slides that show an exhibit of the stamps.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 7301
Genre/Form:
Postage stamps
Slides (photographs)
Photographic slides
Citation:
Manuscript 7301, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS7301
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms7301

MS 227 Vocabularies of Indians of Washington Territory

Creator:
Gibbs, George, 1815-1873  Search this
Annotator:
Mooney, James, 1861-1921  Search this
Informant:
Capt Stewart Bellabella  Search this
Kwee-tah-lich-kan Saamena  Search this
Pandosy, Charles Marie, 1824-1891  Search this
Sam Okinagan  Search this
Spokane Gerry  Search this
Te-o-sa-luk Saamena  Search this
Yahotowit (Klikitat)  Search this
Extent:
230 Pages
1 Volume
Culture:
Stl'atl'imx (Lillooet)  Search this
Saamena  Search this
Nlaka'pamux (Thompson River Salish)  Search this
Saamena -- names for salmon  Search this
Yuki  Search this
Stó:lo (Lower Fraser River Salish)  Search this
Yupu -- vocabulary  Search this
Coast Salish [Chilliwack]  Search this
Heiltsuk (Bella Bella)  Search this
Nuxalk (Bellacoola)  Search this
Okanagan  Search this
Yakama (Yakima)  Search this
Winatsha -- vocabulary  Search this
Klikitat  Search this
Shuswap  Search this
Denésoliné (Chipewyan)  Search this
Kalispel (Pend d'Oreilles)  Search this
Kootenai (Kutenai)  Search this
Salish (Flathead)  Search this
Nooksack  Search this
Sumass  Search this
Chinook  Search this
Cowlitz  Search this
Twana  Search this
Chehalis  Search this
Skagit -- vocabulary  Search this
Coast Salish  Search this
Nisqually  Search this
Cree  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Northwest Coast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Cowichan  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Volumes
Date:
1853-1860
Scope and Contents:
1. Lillooet ("Lilowat") vocabulary. March 16, 1859. 8 pages in notebook. Note on page 3: "The Lilowat is spoken on the river which feeds Harrison's Lake, a branch of Fraser River. The vocabulary was obtained from the chief of a village at the mouth through Skehukl, the Soomass [Sumass: dialect of Cowichan group of Coast Salish], and may be relied on as tolerably accurate." The Lillooet River feeds into Harrison Lake. The Interior Salish dialect for west British Columbia is referred to as "Lillooet" in Handbook of American Indians, page 417.

2. "Saamena"vocabularies. 1858 and no date. 10 pages in notebook. Two vocabularies: Vocabulary of the "Saamena or as it is called by the Canadians, "Couteau," was obtained at Fort Hope, Mch. 4, 1858 from Kwee-tah-lich-kan, son of Pa-haa-luk, the Chief of the Kletch-ah-meh'h village at Forks of Fraser & Thompson's Rivers." 7 pages. Includes names for varieties of salmon in "Soomass" (Sumass) and Saamena. pages 12-19. Vocabulary obtained from Te-o-sa-luk, a Saamena of the Chileweyech [--?--]," no date. 3 pages. On page 1 note in Mooney's hand: "alias Nientemewh." Page 11 marked "copied".

3. "Yukeh" vocabulary. No place or date recorded. 3 pages in notebook. The word "Ross" follows the name "Yukeh." This refers to note on page iv: Mr Edward Ross says that the Yukehs have no numerals above five; thus they would say o'-pe mahote, twice five, for ten."

4. "Tai-eet vocabulary. Fort Hope, 1850. 10 pages in notebook. "The following vocabulary of the Tai-eet was obtained at Fort Hope, Sept. 25, 1850 from two men and a woman. It is the dialect intervening between the Kwantlen and the Saamena on Fraser River." page 25.

5. "Nevada or Yuba (Ross)" vocabulary. No date. 2 pages in notebook, pages 35-36. Possibly copied from Ross (?).

6. "Chilowhe'huk (Chilliwack) vocabulary. 4 pages in notebook, pages 36-39. No date. "Not completed as it does not differ sufficiently from the Kwantlen & neighboring dialects in Fraser River to make it an object." Chilliwack belongs to the Cowichan group of Coast dialects, Handbook of American Indians, page 417.

7. "Hailt-zuk or Belbella" vocabulary" obtained at Victoria, April 26, 1859, from Capt. Stewart." 10 pages in notebook, pages 40-42, 44, 46, 48, 50, 52, 54. Note on page 40: "...obtained at Victoria, April 26, 1859, from "Capt. Stewart" and Indian of the tribe through the medium of Frederic Minni, a Canadian, who partially spoke the language. It is generally reliable...." Page 41 marked "copied;" Another copy by Gibbs of this vocabulary in Ms. Number.

8. "Bel-le-whil-la or Bel'hoo-la" vocabulary. Victoria. 1859. 10 pages in notebook, pages 41, 43, 45, 47, 49, 51, 53, 55, 56. Note on page 56: "The vocabulary of the Belhoola was obtained from a woman of that tribe with the assistance of the Indian Stewart through the means of the Belbella vocabulary (cf. 277, part 7). With the exception of a very few words, my rendering of the latter [Belbella] was perfectly intelligible to her. The principal difficulty experienced in this was the excessively gutteral pronounciation of the language. I have classed this without hesitation among the Flathead languages from its obvious analogies. Some words, identical with those of the Belbella are marked with an asterisk. These are probably borrowed the one from the other, or perhaps were given by the woman from having mixed with the Belbellas." Page 41 marked "copied." 8-a Words obtained by Mackenzie at "Friendly Village," page 57.

9-10. Vocabularies of the "Okina'kane (O-Kin-ah-kehn[=Okinagan]) & Similkameen." 1853 & 1859. 17 pages in notebook, pages 58-74. "The incomplete vocabulary of the Okinakane was obtained in 1853. That of the Similkameen in 1859 and the latter is to be retained in place of the first as much more reliable. Given by "Sam" the guide employed by the N.W.B.S." The contents at the beginning of this volume has penciled note indicating that "Okinakane" and "Similkameen" are two dialects of one language.--page 1, note in hand of Mooney.

11. "Additional forms in Yakima," from Rev Marie Charles Pandosy, No date. 1 page in notebook, page 75.

12. "Piskwowse or Winatsha" vocabulary obtained 1853 and revised in 1860. 14 pages in notebook, pages 76-90, & 201. Note on page 76: "Revised at Ft. Colville, March 1860, by the assistance of Lahome's daughter. I have not however confidence in its being entirely correct. There may have been a difference in dialect between her and the first interpreter." Marked "copied" on page 76. Originally a Salish tribe, "Gibbs states that by 1853 they were so largely intermarried with the Yakima as to have almost lost their identity." page 264 of Handbook of American Indians. Page 201 has list of Winatsha Indians in 1853.

13. Vocabulary obtained from Spokane Gerry in 1854. 13 pages in notebook, pages 91-104. Marked "copied" on page 91.

14. Klikatat vocabulary obtained from Yahotowit in 1854. Copy by Gibbs of his original vocabulary, 15 pages in notebook, pages 105-119 and 222. Note in Gibbs' hand: "I am not certain that this is unmixed with the Yakama, as it resembles more closely two vocabularies of that dialect which I obtained then I have been led to expect. It was received from Ya-ho-tow-it." Apparently a copy by Gibbs from his original in Manuscript Number 671. Another copy by Gibbs is cataloged as Manuscript Number 693.

14. "Klikatat" vocabulary, copied from (?) "Tolmie." No date. 1 page in notebook, page 222. 15 Kalispel or Pend Oreille vocabulary, 1860. 15 pages in notebook, pages 119-133. "...vocabulary of the Kalispelm or Pend Oreille obtained from a man at Colville Depot, Jany., 1860. It is spoken by the Indians of Clarke's Fork of the Columbia River." Page 119 marked "copied."

16. "Shoos-whap or She-whap-much" vocabulary, 1860. 15 pages in notebook, pages 134-138. "Obtained at Colville Depot, Jany., 1860 from a woman by the assistance of the man from which the foregoing of the Kalispeln was derived [Manuscript Number 227, part 15], and using that in interpreting. Page 134 marked "copied."

17. "Chepewyan vocabulary" extracted from MacKenzie." No date. 7 pages in notebook, pages 149, 150, 152, 154, 156, 158, 160, 162.

18-19. "Knistinaux" (Cree) (18) and "Algonquin" (19) vocabulary "extracted from MacKenzie." 8 pages in notebook, pages 149, 151, 153, 155, 157, 161, 163.

20. "Kootenay" vocabulary. Place and date not recorded, 33 pages in notebook, pages 164-198, not including page 186 and 192. Page 164 is marked "copied." A copy by Gibbs of this vocabulary, pages 164-176 is filed Manuscript 512 with the note that this vocabulary "was taken from the son of the chief at the Chelenta Depot (Che-tam-towse)" with help of half breed interpreter; "I think the vocabulary can be relied on." Also note in Manuscript Number 512: "additional words of the Algonquin Kootenay in the book." This probably refers to pages 177-198 in Manuscript Number 227. Manuscript Number 512 contains 1 page of "Additional words in Kootenay" not found in Number 227.

21. Vocabulary of the Kalispel & Flathead including geographical names, No date. 2 pages in notebook, pages 199-200.

22. "Similkameen", dialect of the Okinagan, vocabulary, No date,. 9 pages in notebook, pages 202-210. Note in Mooney's hand on page 1 says Okinakane and Similkameen are 2 dialects of 1 language. Note on page 202: "Sam says that the Similkameen, Okin-a-kane, Sin-ke-mah-pe-luks, Skla-kum Methone; Che-lehn, Sin-pai-li-hooch; Se-leh-nich, Sins-peh-lich; Swoi-yehlp, Sche-wuch-hooch all understand one another but not the Soushwap & Couteaux." Sam was informant in 1853, cf. 227, part 10.

23. "Nooksaak" ("Nooksahk") vocabulary. June, 1859. 2 pages in notebook, pages 211 & 228. The Nooksak is a dialect of Squawmish coast group, Handbook of American Indians, page 417.

24. "Soomass" vocabulary. Place and date not recorded. 3 pages in notebook, pages 212-214. Sumass is a dialect of the Cowichan group of coast dialects, Handbook of American Indians, page 417.

25. "Simiahmoo" vocabulary: animals and proper names. 1 page in notebook, page 215. No date. The Semiahmoo is a dialect of the Songish coast group, Handbook of American Indians, page 417.

26. "Saamena" vocabulary. 1 page in notebook, page 216. No date.

27. Skagit vocabulary "(vide Dr Craig's corrections)." No date. 1 page in notebook, page 217. Skagit is a dialect of the Nisqualli group of coast dialects, Handbook of American Indians, page 417.

28. "Simiahmoo" vocabulary of 10 terms. Date and place not recorded. 1 page in notebook, page 218. The Semiahmoo is a dialect of the Songish coast group, Handbook of American Indians, page 417.

29. "Chiloweyuck" vocabulary. Date and place not recorded. 2 pages in notebook, pages 218 & 223. Chilliwack is a dialect of the Cowichan coast group, Handbook of American Indians, page 417.

30. "Nisqually" vocabulary. October, 1858. 6 pages in notebook, pages 219-221, 223 & 226. Note on page 219, "copied."

31. Chehalis vocabulary of 8 words. (Terms for salmon.) No date. page 222. Chinook vocabulary of 9 terms. (Terms for salmon.) No date. Page 224 in notebook. "Cowlitz" vocabulary of 5 terms. (Terms for salmon.) Page 224 in notebook. No date.

32. "Toanhooch" vocabulary. No date. 1 page in notebook, page 227; only 4 terms are recorded.

33. Chimakum- Not filled in; English only.

34. Kwillehyuts- Not filled in; English only.

35. Kwinaiutl- Not filled in; English only.

36. Noo-so-lupsh- Not filled in; English only.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 227
Local Note:
Notes by Gibbs on the source of many of the Salishan vocabularies in this volume are catalogued under Numbers 735 and 742.
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Salish  Search this
Upriver Halkomelem  Search this
Saamen  Search this
Tait  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 227, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS227
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms227
Online Media:

MS 4178 List of Bellacoola villages

Creator:
McIlwraith, T. F. (Thomas Forsyth), 1899-1964  Search this
Addressee:
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Extent:
5 Pages
Culture:
Nuxalk (Bellacoola)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
ca. 1921
Scope and Contents:
Includes: Letter to J.R. Swanton, transmitting list. Toronto, Canada. February 3, 1931. Autograph Letter Signed 1 page. Letter to J. R. Swanton, granting permission to make modifications "in the transcription of village names." Toronto, Canada. February 10, 1931. Typescript Letter Signed 1 page.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4178
Local Note:
Typescript document
Topic:
Bella Coola (Nuxalk)  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4178, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4178
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4178

MS 739 Materialen zur Grammatik der Vibxula

Collector:
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942  Search this
Extent:
14 Pages
Culture:
Nuxalk (Bellacoola)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1886 January
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 739
Local Note:
See Boas to Powell, August 23, 1886. ? Sprache der Bella-Coola -Indianer, Verh. der Berl. Gesselschaft Sur Anthro. Eth and Urgesch, 18:202-06 ?
General:
Previously titled "Bellacoola Vocabulary"
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Bella Coola (Nuxalk)  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 739, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS739
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms739

MS 7267 The Bella Coola Indians December 15, 1976

Creator:
Kennedy, Dorothy I. D.  Search this
Bouchard, Randy  Search this
British Columbia Indian Language Project  Search this
Extent:
68 Pages
Culture:
Nuxalk (Bellacoola)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Articles
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 7267
Local Note:
Xerox copy of typescript
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Bella Coola (Nuxalk)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Articles
Citation:
Manuscript 7267, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS7267
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms7267

Bracelet

Culture/People:
Nuxalk (Bellacoola)  Search this
Object Name:
Bracelet
Media/Materials:
Brass
Techniques:
Bent
Object Type:
Adornment/Jewelry
Place:
Central Coast Regional District; British Columbia; Canada
Catalog Number:
15/5818
Barcode:
155818.000
See related items:
Nuxalk (Bellacoola)
Adornment/Jewelry
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws648903caa-85ac-4e7d-a67f-46a90e2ccdec
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_167112
Online Media:

Canoe figurehead in the form of an eagle

Culture/People:
Nuxalk (Bellacoola)  Search this
Collector:
George Gustav Heye (GGH), Non-Indian, 1874-1957  Search this
William A. Newcombe (William Newcomb), Non-Indian, 1884-1960  Search this
Object Name:
Canoe figurehead in the form of an eagle
Media/Materials:
Wood, paint
Techniques:
Carved, painted
Object Type:
Watercraft and accessories
Place:
Dean River; Kimsquit; Central Coast Regional District; British Columbia; Canada
Date created:
circa 1870
Catalog Number:
19/9029
Barcode:
199029.000
See related items:
Nuxalk (Bellacoola)
Watercraft and accessories
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6b54f39bc-f473-4004-9dfe-a25d2e7071c6
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_212179
Online Media:

Spoon/Ladle

Culture/People:
Nuxalk (Bellacoola)  Search this
Collector:
George Gustav Heye (GGH), Non-Indian, 1874-1957  Search this
William A. Newcombe (William Newcomb), Non-Indian, 1884-1960  Search this
Object Name:
Spoon/Ladle
Media/Materials:
Wood
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Food/Beverage Serving
Place:
Dean River; Kimsquit; Central Coast Regional District; British Columbia; Canada
Catalog Number:
19/9037
Barcode:
199037.000
See related items:
Nuxalk (Bellacoola)
Food/Beverage Serving
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6c0d25dfd-ed27-4596-b84f-855bb2542eaa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_212187
Online Media:

Totem pole model

Culture/People:
Nuxalk (Bellacoola)  Search this
Previous owner:
Madge Hardin Walters, Non-Indian, 1870-1958  Search this
Seller:
Madge Hardin Walters, Non-Indian, 1870-1958  Search this
Object Name:
Totem pole model
Media/Materials:
Wood
Techniques:
Carved, painted
Object Type:
Made-for-Sale items and Souvenirs
Place:
Vancouver Island; British Columbia; Canada
Archipelago:
Vancouver Island Group
Island Name:
Vancouver Island
Catalog Number:
21/8221
Barcode:
218221.000
See related items:
Nuxalk (Bellacoola)
Made-for-Sale items and Souvenirs
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6299dea6f-0758-4eba-8163-01705e3adf6a
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_232534
Online Media:

Totem pole model

Culture/People:
Nuxalk (Bellacoola)  Search this
Collector:
Bernard Fillip Jacobsen (B.F. Jacobsen/Fillip Jacobsen), Non-Indian, 1863-1935  Search this
Previous owner:
Bernard Fillip Jacobsen (B.F. Jacobsen/Fillip Jacobsen), Non-Indian, 1863-1935  Search this
Seller:
Helga Thorsen Jacobsen (Mrs. Bernard Fillip Jacobsen), Non-Indian, 1876-1939  Search this
MAI agent:
William A. Newcombe (William Newcomb), Non-Indian, 1884-1960  Search this
Object Name:
Totem pole model
Media/Materials:
Wood
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Made-for-Sale items and Souvenirs
Place:
British Columbia; Canada
Catalog Number:
19/864
Barcode:
190864.000
See related items:
Nuxalk (Bellacoola)
Made-for-Sale items and Souvenirs
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws690c85ae7-8971-474c-b6ba-964ee12ce161
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_204057
Online Media:

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