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Oral history interview with Jesse L. Nusbaum, 1963 Dec. 12

Interviewee:
Nusbaum, Jesse L. (Jesse Logan), 1887-1975  Search this
Nusbaum, Jesse L. (Jesse Logan), 1887-1975  Search this
Interviewer:
Loomis, Sylvia Glidden  Search this
Subject:
Public Works of Art Project  Search this
New Deal and the Arts Oral History Project  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Federal aid to the arts  Search this
Arts administrators -- Arizona -- Interviews  Search this
Theme:
New Deal  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12005
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)213691
AAA_collcode_nusbau63
Theme:
New Deal
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_213691

Regional Directors and Washington Administrative Staff . Public Works Art Project

Photographer:
Woltz, Lewis P.  Search this
Woltz, Lewis P.  Search this
Subject:
Ankeney, John Sites  Search this
Armitage, Merle  Search this
Barker, Burt Brown  Search this
Brewster, Walter S.  Search this
Bruce, Edward  Search this
Force, Juliana  Search this
Hatch, John Davis  Search this
Haverty, J. J. (James Joseph)  Search this
Heil, Walter  Search this
Jones, Cecil H.  Search this
Kimball, Fiske  Search this
Kurtz, Wilbur G. (Wilbur George)  Search this
LaBeaume, Louis  Search this
Mack, Harold L.  Search this
Milliken, William Mathewson  Search this
Minnegerode, C. Powell (Cuthbert Powell)  Search this
Nusbaum, Jesse L. (Jesse Logan)  Search this
Phillips, Duncan  Search this
Robert, Lawrence Wood  Search this
Rowan, Edward Beatty  Search this
Taylor, Francis Henry  Search this
Watson, Forbes  Search this
Williamson, George H.  Search this
Woodward, Ellsworth  Search this
Public Works of Art Project  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Washington, D.C.
Date:
1934
Topic:
Art and state  Search this
Federal aid to the arts  Search this
New Deal, 1933-1939  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)3280
See more items in:
Forbes Watson papers, 1840-1967, bulk 1900-1960
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_3280
Online Media:

Jesse L. Nusbaum Public Works of Art records, 1934-1935

Creator:
Nusbaum, Jesse L. (Jesse Logan), 1887-1975  Search this
United States.Department of the Treasury  Search this
Nusbaum, Jesse L. (Jesse Logan), 1887-1975  Search this
Subject:
Public Works of Art Project  Search this
Topic:
New Deal, 1933-1939 -- New Mexico  Search this
Federal aid to the arts -- New Mexico  Search this
Art and state -- New Mexico  Search this
Federal aid to public welfare -- New Mexico  Search this
Theme:
Government Sponsorship of the Arts  Search this
New Deal  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)8149
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)210320
AAA_collcode_nusbjess
Theme:
Government Sponsorship of the Arts
New Deal
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_210320

John Gaw Meem correspondence, 1933-1934

Creator:
Meem, John Gaw, 1894-1983  Search this
Meem, John Gaw, 1894-1983  Search this
Subject:
Nusbaum, Jesse L. (Jesse Logan)  Search this
Bisttram, Emil  Search this
Bruce, Edward  Search this
Watson, Forbes  Search this
Public Works of Art Project  Search this
Place:
United States -- Economic conditions -- 1918-1945
United States -- Social conditions -- 1933-1945
Topic:
New Deal, 1933-1939 -- New Mexico  Search this
Federal aid to the arts -- New Mexico  Search this
Federal aid to the public welfare -- New Mexico  Search this
Art and state -- Arizona  Search this
Federal aid to the arts -- Arizona  Search this
Art and state -- New Mexico  Search this
Theme:
Government Sponsorship of the Arts  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9851
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212346
AAA_collcode_meemjohn
Theme:
Government Sponsorship of the Arts
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_212346

Rapp Garden

Creator:
Nusbaum, Jesse L. (Jesse Logan)  Search this
Rapp, I. H.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Place:
New Mexico -- Santa Fe
United States of America -- New Mexico -- Santa Fe County -- Santa Fe
Date:
1928
General:
See also Sena Plaza, Santa Fe, New Mexico.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Terraces (land forms)  Search this
Sunken gardens  Search this
Formal gardens  Search this
Fountains  Search this
Containers  Search this
Walled gardens  Search this
Courtyards  Search this
Vista  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item NM002002
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / New Mexico / NM002: Santa Fe -- Rapp Garden
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb626017eb4-7958-49a7-b18d-dda36daf97b8
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref9712

Neil Merton Judd papers

Creator:
Palmer, Edward, 1829-1911  Search this
Hyde Exploring Expedition (1902-1903)  Search this
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
Judd, Neil Merton, 1887-1976  Search this
Cummings, Byron, 1860-1954  Search this
Photographer:
Jackson, William Henry, 1843-1942  Search this
Martin, Charles  Search this
Hough, Walter, 1859-1935  Search this
Wisherd, Edwin L., 1900 -1970  Search this
Mearns, Edgar Alexander, 1856-1916  Search this
Haven, O.C.  Search this
Correspondent:
La Gorce, John Oliver, 1880-1959  Search this
Jeançon, Jean Allard  Search this
Johnson, Merritt S.  Search this
Hobler, Philip M.  Search this
Scott, Hugh Lenox, 1853-1934  Search this
Wissler, Clark, 1870-1947  Search this
Wetmore, Alexander, 1886-1978  Search this
McNitt, Frank  Search this
Morris, Earl Halstead, 1889-1956  Search this
Morley, Sylvanus Griswold, 1883-1948  Search this
Nusbaum, Jesse L. (Jesse Logan)  Search this
Nelson, N. C. (Nels Christian), 1875-1964  Search this
O'Bryan, Deric  Search this
Popenoe, Frederick W.  Search this
Pepper, George H. (George Hubbard), 1873-1924  Search this
Roberts, Frank H. H. (Frank Harold Hanna), 1897-1966  Search this
Scofield, Carl S.  Search this
Ruppert, Karl  Search this
Shapiro, Harry L. (Harry Lionel), 1902-1990  Search this
Hewett, Edgar L. (Edgar Lee), 1865-1946  Search this
Hodge, Frederick Webb, 1864-1956  Search this
Allen, Glover M.  Search this
Amsden, Monroe  Search this
Bannister, Bryant  Search this
Breazeale, James Frank  Search this
Brew, J. O. (John Otis), 1906-1988  Search this
Colton, Harold Sellers, 1881-1970  Search this
Conant, Kenneth J.  Search this
Coville, Frederick V. (Frederick Vernon), 1867-1937  Search this
Danson, Beatrice  Search this
Dodge, Richard E.  Search this
Grosvenor, Gilbert H.  Search this
Author:
Walsh, Oscar B.  Search this
Ruppert, Karl  Search this
Blom, Frans  Search this
Marye, William Bose, 1886-1979  Search this
Extent:
18 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
Paragonah -- Utah -- archeology
Rainbow Natural Bridge
North Carolina -- Archeology
San Juan County (Utah) -- Archeology
Viriginia -- Archeology
New Mexico -- Archeology
Utah -- Archeology
Walhalla Plateau -- Arizona -- archeology
Delaware -- Archeology
Maryland -- Archeology
Arizona -- Archeology
Chaco Canyon (N.M.) -- Archeology
Date:
1870s-1970s
bulk 1907-1931
Summary:
The papers of Neil Merton Judd, archeologist and curator in the Smithsonian Institution United States National Museum, were deposited in the National Anthropological Archives at various times during the 1960's and 1970's. Much of Judd's own material was produced as part of his official duties and lie within the public domain. The collection occupies fourteen linear feet of shelf space.
Scope and Contents note:
These papers reflect the professional life of Neil Merton Judd (1887-1976), archeologist and curator in the former United States National Museum of the Smithsonian Institution. Included are diaries of expeditions, correspondence, field notes, notes, financial records, copies of historical documents, maps, drawings, photographs, and other documents that cover the period from the 1870s to the 1970s. Most of the material, however, is dated between 1907 and 1965.

Of primary concern is Judd's archeological work in Arizona, New Mexico, and Utah, especially at Pueblo Bonito and other sites in the area of Chaco Canyon, New Mexico, which he carried out for the National Geographic Society between 1920 and 1927. Appreciable material concerns the so-called Beam expeditions of 1923, 1928, and 1929 to locate study of tree-rings. Other documents relate to Judd's work in San Juan country, Utah; at Paragonah and other sites in southern Utah; and on the Walhalla Plateau in Arizona. Some correspondences, which Judd carried on with William B. Marye between 1932 and 1949, concern Indian bridges in Maryland and nearby states.

Several other expeditions of which Judd was a member are documented among the papers solely or primarily through photographs. There is little material that reflects Judd's personal life, daily curatorial duties at the United States National Museum, work at Rito de los Frijoles with Edgar L. Hewett in 1910, expedition to Guatemala in 1914, or aerial surveys of old canals in Arizona during the 1929-30.

Among correspondents whose letters are included among the papers are Glover M. Allen, Monroe Amsden, Bryant Bannister, James F. Breazeale, Harold S. Colton, Kenneth J. Conant, Fredrick V. Coville, Richard E. Dodge, Harold S. Gladwin, Gilbert Grosvernor, Edgar L. Hewett, Frederick Webb Hodge, William H. Jackson, Jean A. Jeancon, John O. La Gorce, Frank McNitt, Sylvanus G. Morley, Earl H. Morris, Nels C. Nelson, Jesse L. Nusbaum, Deric O'Bryan, George H. Pepper, Frederick Wilson Popenoe, Frank H. H. Roberts, Karl Ruppert, Carl S. Scofield, Hugh L. Scott, Harry L. Shapiro, Anna O. Shepard, Alfred M. Tozzer, and Clark Wissler. In addition to his own material, Judd also acquired some material from members of his expeditions, especially from Frans Blom, Karl Ruppert, and Oscar B. Walsh. He also collected historical documents and photographs. Among these are copies of documents relating to southwestern archeological explorations of the naturalist Edward Palmer. He also acquired photographs by Walter Hough made in Arizona between 1904 and 1920., photographs taken on the Hyde Exploring Expedition to Chaco Canyon, and miscellaneous photographs made on expeditions of William H. Jackson, Edgar A. Mearns, and others.
Arrangement note:
To a degree, the arrangement of the collection is Judd's own. The series titles in quotation marks are Judd's own.

"Pueblo Bonito File"

Chaco Canyon Notes, Notebooks, and Note Cards

Material Relating to Judd's Bureau of American Ethnology Expeditions between 1915 and 1920

"Utah File"

Material Concerning Edward Palmer

Correspondence with William B. Marye

Miscellaneous Correspondence

Manuscripts of Writings

Miscellany

Cartographic Material

Artwork and Photographic Enlargements

Photographs
Biographical/Historical note:
Note: Biographical data and a bibliography of Judd's writings are in the series of miscellany among his papers. For an obituary, see Waldo R. Wedel, "Neil Merton Judd, 1887-1976." American Antiquity, volume 43, number 3 (July 1978), pages 399-404, and J. O. Brew, "Neil Merton Judd, 1887-1976." American Anthropologist, volume 80, number 2 (June 1978), pages 352-54. An obituary prepared by Judd is among the papers.

October 27, 1887 -- Born in Cedar Rapids, Nebraska

1907-08 -- Public school teacher in Utah

1907 -- Student archeologist on Byron Cummings' reconnaissance of White Canyon, Utah

1908 -- Student archeologist on Cummings' reconnaissance of Montezuma Canyon, Utah, and Segi Valley, Arizona.

1909 -- Student archeologist on Cummings' reconnaissance of Segi Valley, Arizona, and the Cummings- Douglass expedition to Rainbow Natural Bridge.

1910 -- Student assistant to Edgar L. Hewett on the Archeological Institute of America's expedition to El Rito del los Frijoles, New Mexico

1911 -- Bachelor of Arts, University of Utah

1911-1917 -- Aid, Division of Ethnology, United States National Museum, Smithsonian Institution

1913 -- Master of Arts, George Washington University, Washington, D.C.

1914 -- Member, Archeological Institute's Fourth Quirigua Expedition to Guatemala; supervised the fabrication of a reproduction model of ruins for the Pacific-California International Exposition, San Diego

1915 -- Archeological reconnaissance of Indian mounds in and near Willard, Beaver City, Paragonah, St. George, Kanab, and Cottonwood Canyon, Utah, and "Spanish Diggings" flint quarries in Wyoming for the Bureau of American Ethnology

1916 -- Reconnaissance and excavations of Indian mounds near Paragonah and in Willard County, Utah, for the Bureau of American Ethnology

1916-18 -- Treasurer, American Anthropological Association

1917 -- Director, project for partial restoration of Betatakin ruin, Arizona, for the United States Department of the Interior, and the excavations at Paragonah, Utah, for the Smithsonian and University of Utah

1918 -- Archeological reconnaissance of the Walhalla Plateau, Arizona, for the Bureau of American Ethnology

1918-19 -- Assistant Curator, Department of Anthropology, United States National Museum

1919 -- Archeological investigations in Cottonwood Canyon, Utah, for the Bureau of American Ethnology

1919-30 -- Curator, American Archeology, Division of Archeology, Department of Anthropology, United States National Museum

1920 -- Archeological investigations at Toroweap Valley, Mt. Trumbull, Pariah Plateau, House Rock Valley, Bright Angel Creak, Cottonwood Canyon, and Kanab Creek in Utah and Arizona for the Bureau of American Ethnology and reconnaissance of Chaco Canyon, New Mexico, for the National Geographic Society

1920-23 -- Vice President, Anthropological Society of Washington

1921-27 -- Investigations of Pueblo Bonito and nearby ruins in New Mexico for the National Geographic Society

1923 -- Led first Beam expedition to sites in Arizona, New Mexico, and Colorado, and carried out explorations in San Juan County, Utah, for the Smithsonian Institution and the National Geographic Society

1925-27 -- Member, Board of Managers, Washington Academy of Science, and President, Anthropological Society of Washington

1925-28 -- Member, Division of Anthropology and Psychology, National Research Council

1926 -- Archeological Observations North of the Rio Colorado, Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 82, 1926

1927-36 -- Trustee, Laboratory of Anthropology, Santa Fe, New Mexico

1928 -- Investigations of Indian burials in rock shelter, Wolf Creek, Russell County, Kentucky, for the Bureau of American Ethnology

1929 -- Led Third Beam Expedition to sites in Arizona for the National Geographic Society and reconnaissance of the prehistoric canals in the Gila River and Salt River valleys for the Bureau of American Ethnology

1930 -- Aerial surveys of ancient canals in the Gila River and Salt River valleys for the Bureau of American Ethnology and the United States Department of War

1930-49 -- Curator, Archeology, United States National Museum

1931 -- Investigations on the Natanes Plateau, Arizona, for the Bureau of American Ethnology

1931-32 -- Member, Division of Anthropology and Psychology, National Research Council (second time)

1935 -- Smithsonian Institution's delegate to the second assembly, Pan-American Institute of Geography and History

1936-48 -- Advisory Board, Laboratory of Anthropology, Santa Fe, New Mexico

1937-39 -- Member, Division of Anthropology and Psychology, National Research Council (third time)

1938 -- Married Anne Sarah MacKay

1938-40 -- Member, Board of Managers, Washington Academy of Science

1939 -- President, Society for American Archaeology, and Vice President and Chairman, Section H, American Association for the Advancement of Science

1945 -- President, American Anthropological Association

December 31, 1949 -- Retired from the staff of the United States National Museum

January 1, 1950 -- Honorary Associate in Anthropology of the Smithsonian Institution

1953 -- Awarded the Franklin L. Burr Award of the National Geographic Society

1954 -- The Material Culture of Pueblo Bonito, Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections, volume 125

1958 -- Awarded Certificate of Award of the Smithsonian Institution

1959 -- Pueblo Del Arroyo, Chaco Canyon, New Mexico, Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections, volume 138, number 1

1962 -- Awarded the Franklin L. Burr Award of the National Geographic Society (second time)

1964 -- The Architecture of Pueblo Bonito, Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections, volume 147, number 1

1965 -- Awarded the Alfred Vincent Kidder Award of the American Anthropological Association

1966 -- Awarded Special Award of the United States Department of the Interior

1967 -- The Bureau of American Ethnology: A Partial History, University of Oklahoma Press

1968 -- Men met along the Trail: Adventures in Archeology, University of Oklahoma Press

December 19, 1976 -- Died
Related Archival Materials note:
Additional material in the National Anthropological Archives that relates to Judd can be found among the correspondence files of the Bureau of American Ethnology; files of the Department of Anthropology of the United States National Museum, especially those of the Division of Archeology; papers of Frank H.H. Roberts; papers of William B. Marye; American Antiquities permits records of the Anthropological Society of Washington; papers of John P. Harrington; papers of Frank M. Setzler; papers of Henry B. Collins; and records of the American Anthropological Association. Additional photographs that relate to the expeditions of which Judd was a member are in the cataloged and the uncataloged photographs. For example, negatives and other photographic material of the aerial surveys of ancient canals in the Gila River and Salt River valleys in Arizona are NAA photographic lot 3.
Topic:
Shell heaps  Search this
Dendrochronology  Search this
Bridges -- American Indian  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Identifier:
NAA.1973-48
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3f428d6cb-9985-4deb-9ccd-494ddce47aed
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-1973-48

A basket-maker cave in Kane County, Utah by Jesse L. Nusbaum; with notes on the artifacts, by A.V. Kidder and S.J. Guernsey

Author:
Nusbaum, Jesse L (Jesse Logan)  Search this
Author:
Guernsey, Samuel James 1868-1936  Search this
Kidder, Alfred Vincent 1885-1963  Search this
Physical description:
153 pages illustrations, map 17 cm
Type:
Electronic resources
Place:
Utah
Kane County
North America
Kane County (Utah)
Date:
1922
Topic:
Caves  Search this
Indian baskets  Search this
Indians of North America--Antiquities  Search this
Paiute baskets  Search this
Paiute Indians--Antiquities  Search this
Indians, North American--history  Search this
Antiquities  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_941359
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Jesse L. Nusbaum

Interviewee:
Nusbaum, Jesse L. (Jesse Logan)  Search this
Interviewer:
Loomis, Sylvia Glidden  Search this
Creator:
New Deal and the Arts Oral History Project  Search this
Names:
New Deal and the Arts Oral History Project  Search this
Public Works of Art Project  Search this
Extent:
21 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1963 Dec. 12
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Jesse Nusbaum conducted by Sylvia Loomis on 1963 Dec. 12 for the Archives of American Art.
Nusbaum speaks of working in archaeology and architecture in New Mexico; and his involvement in the Public Works of Art Project (PWAP) as regional director for Arizona and New Mexico; selecting artists for the PWAP; problems with the PWAP; some of the work done on public buildings; and the project's impact on art and artists.
Biographical / Historical:
Jesse L. Nusbaum is an art administrator in Arizona and New Mexico.
General:
Originally recorded on 1 sound tape reel. Reformatted in 2010 as 1 digital wav file. Duration is 40 min.
Provenance:
This interview conducted as part of the Archives of American Art's New Deal and the Arts project, which includes over 400 interviews of artists, administrators, historians, and others involved with the federal government's art programs and the activities of the Farm Security Administration in the 1930s and early 1940s.
Restrictions:
Transcript: Patrons must use microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Arts administrators -- New Mexico -- Interviews  Search this
Topic:
Federal aid to the arts  Search this
Arts administrators -- Arizona -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.nusbau63
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9802be385-37aa-4f5b-981b-e55f86ca016c
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-nusbau63
Online Media:

Jesse L. Nusbaum Public Works of Art records

Creator:
Nusbaum, Jesse L. (Jesse Logan)  Search this
United States. Department of the Treasury  Search this
Public Works of Art Project  Search this
Extent:
75 Items ((on 1 microfilm reel))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1934-1935
Scope and Contents:
Correspondence, bulletins, reports and catalogs relating to the 13th region (New Mexico and Arizona) of the Public Works of Art Project.
Biographical / Historical:
Nusbaum was director of Region 13 of the Public Works of Art Project (PWAP). It was the first of the New Deal art programs, established under the Department of the Treasury in December 1933 to assist unemployed artists by enabling them to work on the decoration of non-federal public buildings. Although it lasted only until the following summer, it engaged nearly 4,000 artists in all parts of the country and served as an important precedent for subsequent federal art programs, such as the Federal Art Project of the Works Progress Administration. It existed until June 1934.
Provenance:
Lent for microfilming 1963 by Jesse L. Nusbaum.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Arts administrators  Search this
Public officers  Search this
Topic:
New Deal, 1933-1939 -- New Mexico  Search this
Federal aid to the arts -- New Mexico  Search this
Art and state -- New Mexico  Search this
Federal aid to public welfare -- New Mexico  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.nusbjess
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw928b6b862-53fd-444e-8f4d-ca192f17b602
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-nusbjess

John Gaw Meem correspondence

Creator:
Meem, John Gaw, 1894-1983  Search this
Names:
Public Works of Art Project  Search this
Bisttram, Emil, 1895-1976  Search this
Bruce, Edward, 1879-1943  Search this
Nusbaum, Jesse L. (Jesse Logan)  Search this
Watson, Forbes, 1880-1960  Search this
Extent:
20 Items ((on partial microfilm reel))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
United States -- Economic conditions -- 1918-1945
United States -- Social conditions -- 1933-1945
Date:
1933-1934
Scope and Contents:
Official correspondence of the Public Works of Art regional committee for New Mexico and Arizona. Correspondents include: Edward Bruce, Jesse L. Nusbaum, Forbes Watson, Emil Bisttram, and others.
Biographical / Historical:
Architect, committee member of Public Works of Art regional committee--Region 13; Santa Fe, New Mexico.
Provenance:
Lent for microfilming 1965 by John Gaw Meem.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Arts administrators  Search this
Topic:
New Deal, 1933-1939 -- New Mexico  Search this
Federal aid to the arts -- New Mexico  Search this
Federal aid to the public welfare -- New Mexico  Search this
Art and state -- Arizona  Search this
Federal aid to the arts -- Arizona  Search this
Art and state -- New Mexico  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.meemjohn
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9b802f75d-915b-42a8-9b8f-25126582ddaa
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-meemjohn

Hendricks-Hodge Hawikku Expedition photograph collection

Creator:
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Names:
Hendricks-Hodge Expedition (1917-1923).  Search this
Hendricks, Harmon Washington, 1846-1928  Search this
Heye, George G. (George Gustav), 1874-1957  Search this
Heye, Thea  Search this
Former owner:
Cadzow, Donald A., 1894-1960  Search this
Coffin, Edwin F. (Edwin Francis), b. 1883  Search this
Hodge, Frederick Webb, 1864-1956  Search this
Nusbaum, Jesse L. (Jesse Logan)  Search this
Pepper, George H. (George Hubbard), 1873-1924  Search this
Schindler, Victor  Search this
Skinner, Alanson, 1886-1925  Search this
Extent:
1122 Negatives (photographic)
250 Photographic prints
4.25 Linear feet
Culture:
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
American Indians -- Southwest  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Photographic prints
Place:
Hawikuh (N. M.)
Date:
1917-1923
Summary:
This collection includes negatives and prints created between 1917 and 1923 during the Hendricks-Hodge Hawikku (Hawikuh) archaeological expedition on the A:shiwi (Zuni) Reservation in New Mexico. The expedition which was sponsored by the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation, was one of the most extensive archaeological projects conducted at the time. Photographs in this collection were shot by Alanson B. Skinner, Frederick Webb Hodge, Edwin Francis Coffin, George Hubbard Pepper, Jesse L. Nusbaum, Donald Cadzow, and Victor Schindler. Many of the photographs in this collection have been restricted due to cultural sensitivity.
Scope and Contents:
The photographs in this collection were shot between 1917 and 1923 by various archaeologists and ethnographers involved in the Hawikku excavations. This includes Alanson B. Skinner, Frederick Webb Hodge, Edwin Francis Coffin, George Hubbard Pepper, Jesse L. Nusbaum, Donald Cadzow, and Victor Schindler. Many of the photographs in this collection have been restricted due to cultural sensitivity.

Photographs from 1917 were shot by Alanson B. Skinner and Frederick Webb Hodge and include images with Zuni workmen as well as many images of burials (restricted). Photographs from 1918 were shot Edwin Francis Coffin and George Hubbard Pepper. Pepper's photographs include images of Kyusita (Cayusetsa) a Zuni potter, at work. Photographs from 1919 were shot by Jesse Nusbaum and Frederick Webb Hodge and include images of room sites, burials (restricted) and Camp Harmon. There are also images of George and Thea Heye, Harmon Hendricks and Joseph Keppler at the site.

Photographs from 1921 and 1923 were shot by Edwin Coffin and include Portraits of A:shiwi (Zuni) community members, kiva sites and room sites. There are also photographs from Donald Cadzow from 1923. Cadzow was assigned to accompany and assist Owen Cattell during the 1923 filming of events and ceremonies at Zuni (see NMAI. AC.001.001, Museum of the American Indian Ethnographic Film Collection). These include images of pottery making, skin dressing, as well as ceremonial photographs (restricted). Victor Schindler also shot images of the Rain Dance and of Owen Cattell filming at this time.

In addition to on site photographs, there are also object images included in this collection. There are also a small amount of photographs from Kechipauan that are included in this collection, separate from the Louis C.G. Clarke Kechipauan Expedition photographs (NMAI.AC.001.044).

Many of the negatives are glass plate, though the majority were also copied onto acetate "safety film" in the 1960's during a photo conservation project. Any original nitrate negatives were destroyed by the museum.
Arrangement:
Arranged by catalog number.
Biographical / Historical:
The Hendricks-Hodge Hawikku (Hawkuh) Expedition was one of the most extensive archaeological projects ever conducted in the Southwest. With major funding from Harmon W. Hendricks, Frederick Webb Hodge began the field work in 1917 while still with the Bureau of American Ethnology. The first season was jointly sponsored by the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation (MAI) and the Smithsonian Institution. Hodge joined the staff of the MAI in 1918 and subsequent fieldwork during the summers of 1918-1921 was sponsored by this institution. The last field season, during the summer of 1923, was jointly sponsored by the Museum of the American Indian and Louis C.G. Clarke, then director of the University Museum of Anthropology and Archaeology, Cambridge University. Major excavations were carried out at two sites of early historic villages near the modern Pueblo of Zuni, New Mexico: Hawikku (also Hawikuh) and Kechiba:wa (also Kechipawan, Kechipaun, or Kechipauan).

During the work at Hawikku, Hodge supervised a staff which included Jesse L. Nusbaum, Edwin F. Coffin, Samuel K. Lothrop, George Hubbard Pepper, Alanson Buck Skinner, Donald A. Cadzow, and Louis C. G. Clarke. In addition, at least 39 A:shiwi (Zuni) men participated in this excavation of their ancestral villages. Hodge's archaeological techniques encompassed stratigraphic excavation; the systematic recording of rooms, features, artifacts in field notebooks; in situ photographs; and ethnographic analogy. These techniques resulted in the recovery and documentation of thousands of artifacts of diverse types including ceramics, wood, bone, textiles, shell, lithics, and architectural elements from about 370 rooms, 1000 burials, and the large mission church and its associated friary. Hodge published several articles and one book related to the site on specialized topics such as bonework, turquoise, and the history of Hawikku. The only descriptive publication of the excavations, The Excavation of Hawikuh by Frederick Webb Hodge, Report of the Hendricks-hodge Expedition, 19
Related Materials:
See associated materials in the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation records (NMAI.AC.001).

See: Hendricks-Hodge Archaeological Expedition papers. #9170. Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.

See: "The Excavation of Hawikuh by Frederick Webb Hodge: Report of the Hendricks-Hodge Expedition, 1917-1923," by Watson Smith, Richard Woodbury and Nathatlie Woodbury. Contributions from the Museum of the American Indian Heye Foundation, Volume XX, 1966
Provenance:
The photographs in this collection were sent back to the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation by the various photographers over the course of the field work, 1917-1923.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu). Photographs with burials, human remains or any other cultural sensitivity are restricted.
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited users to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changed, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian.
Topic:
Excavations (Archaeology) -- New Mexico -- Photographs  Search this
New Mexico  Search this
Archeology -- Hawikuh -- New Mexico  Search this
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Hendricks-Hodge Hawikku Expedition photograph collection (NMAI.AC.001.042), Item Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.001.042
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv46ad2ae86-e366-4e6a-9882-7eeee549f80b
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-001-042

Jesse L. Nusbaum negatives and photographs

Creator:
Nusbaum, Jesse L. (Jesse Logan)  Search this
Extent:
205 Acetate negatives
25 Albumen prints
Culture:
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Puye Pueblo  Search this
Jemez Pueblo  Search this
Kewa (Santo Domingo Pueblo)  Search this
Kaibab Paiute  Search this
Laguna Pueblo  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Acetate negatives
Albumen prints
Negatives
Photographic prints
Photographs
Place:
New Mexico
Arizona
Santa Clara Pueblo (N.M.)
Zuni (N.M.)
Utah
Pecos National Historical Park (N.M.)
Hawikuh (N. M.)
Date:
1910-1928
Summary:
Includes images from the excavations at Hawikku near Zuni Pueblo and Basketmaker's Cave in Kane County, Utah, as well as objects found at Cave Lakes, also in Kane County, Utah. Also included are views of Zuni Pueblo, Santa Clara Pueblo, Jemez Pueblo, Puye cliff dwellings, Pecos Mission and other views of Arizona and New Mexico.
Arrangement note:
Negatives: organized in individual sleeves; arranged by negative number

Prints: organized in folders; arranged by print number
Biographical/Historical note:
Jesse L. Nusbaum, a long-time archaeologist and administrator for the National Park Service and recipient of the Distinguished Service ward from the Department of the Interior (1954), began his career as a teacher, attending Colorado Teachers College in Greeley, where he received his Bachelor of Pedagogy in 1907. He then moved to Las Vegas to teach science and manual arts at New Mexico State Normal School. Later that year, he made his first connection with Mesa Verde as a photographer and archeological assistant to A. V. Kidder; Nusbaum spent the next year working as an assistant to the archeologist. In June of 1909 he became the first employee of the School of American Archeology and Museum of New Mexico in Santa Fe under Dr. Edgar L. Hewett. Nusbaum traveled to Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Colorado, and New Mexico where he undertook archeological surveys, investigations, excavations, and ruins stabilization.

Nusbaum's work at the museum brought him back to Mesa Verde for the excavation, repair, and stabilization of the Balcony House, a project which extended into the winter of 1910. In 1913, he supervised the completion of the New Mexico Palace of Governors in Santa Fe and worked in the Mayan ruins of the Yucatan with Dr. S. G. Morley. He then supervised the construction of the state art museum from 1916 to 1918. Nusbaum enlisted during World War I in the hopes of becoming an aviator, but instead he became an engineer and served in France until his discharge in 1919. After the war, Nusbaum moved to New York City and worked at the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation. While Nusbaum was working in New York he took part in several expeditions to the Southwest, including those at Hawikku (Hawikuh) Pueblo and Basketmaker Cave.

In 1921, while still in New York, he was selected by Stephen Mather and Arno Cammerer to become superintendent at Mesa Verde National Park. Director Mather had become disgusted with the conditions that had developed there under a political superintendent. Nusbaum was a very effective superintendent, advancing the development of the park and preserving the archeological resources. He discontinued grazing, built a museum and developed good interpretive programs, especially ones designed to explain the Antiquities Act. His involvement with the Act led to his designation in 1927 as the lead archeologist and prime enforcer of the Act for the Southwest (while remaining Mesa Verde superintendent).

Nusbaum continued this dual capacity until 1930, when he took a leave of absence to organize and direct the Laboratory of Anthropology at Santa Fe, New Mexico. He continued as director of the laboratory until 1935, having earlier returned to the Park Service and resumed his dual duties as Mesa Verde superintendent and Department of the Interior archeologist enforcing the Antiquities Act. Nusbaum continued this dual position for many years. In 1946 he left Mesa Verde and his dual role for Santa Fe. At the National Park Service office there, he took up increased duties as the senior archeologist of the National Park Service. In this capacity, Nusbaum began one of the first salvage archeology projects when he persuaded El Paso Natural Gas Company to allow archeological excavation along their pipelines. After a year's extension Nusbaum was forced to retire from the NPS at the age of 71 in 1957. However, he continued to do consulting work for many years. He died in Santa Fe in December 1975, at the age of 88.
Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment.
Rights:
Restricted: Cultural Sensitivity
Genre/Form:
Negatives
Photographic prints
Photographs
Citation:
Jesse L. Nusbaum negatives and photographs, 1910-1928, National Museum of the American Indian Archives, Smithsonian Institution (negative, slide or catalog number).
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.001.012
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4c57d6680-3694-4367-8729-260a3b511af4
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-001-012

Frederick Webb Hodge photographs on the Havasupai (Coconino) Reservation

Creator:
Hodge, Frederick Webb, 1864-1956  Search this
Museum of the American Indian  Search this
Names:
Nusbaum, Jesse L. (Jesse Logan)  Search this
Extent:
0.8 Linear feet
41 Glass plate negatives
41 Copy negatives
Note:
The glass plate negatives are in boxes 152 (N05849-N05860), 153 (N05861-N05879), 154 (N08880-N05889) and B23 (N05863) in the cool room.
Culture:
Havasupai (Coconino)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Glass plate negatives
Copy negatives
Place:
Havasupai Reservation (Ariz.)
Grand Canyon (Ariz.)
Date:
1919 September
Summary:
This collection includes glass plate and copy negatives taken by Frederick Webb Hodge on a collecting trip to the Havasupai Reservation in the Grand Canyon, Arizona in 1919. Hodge was an archaeologist and collector for the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation between 1918 and 1931 most famously leading the Hendricks-Hodge Hawikku excavations between 1917 and 1923.
Scope and Contents:
This collection includes 41 glass plate negatives made by Frederick Webb Hodge on a trip to the Havasupai (Coconino) Reservation in 1919. It is likely the trip took place in September of that year following work done by Hodge at Hawikkuh, New Mexico and before he returned to New York City. It is also likely that Jesse Nusbaum accompanied Hodge on this trip and may have shot some (or many) of the photographs himself. Many of the photographs are landscape shots of the Havasu Canyon on the Havasupai (Coconino) reservation which include views of the Havasu Falls, Havasu Creek, Wigleeva rock formation and various rock walls. There are also photographs of people and structures around the Havasupai reservation including several portraits of Havasupai community members, mostly women, holding baskets and posing in the Supai Village. Copy negatives were made of the glass plate negatives during a large photograph conservation project conducted by the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation in the 1960s.
Arrangement:
Arranged by negative number: N05849 - N05889.
Biographical / Historical:
Frederick Hodge (1864-1956) was an editor, anthropologist, archaeologist, and historian born in Plymouth, England to Edwin and Emily (Webb) Hodge. His parents moved to Washington, D.C. when Frederick was seven years old. In Washington, he attended Cambridge College (George Washington University). Hodge was employed by the Smithsonian Institution in 1901 as executive assistant in charge of International Exchanges, but transferred to the Bureau of American Ethnology in 1905, where he worked until February 28, 1918. Hodge was the editor for Edward S. Curtis's monumental series The North American Indian. After leaving the Bureau, he moved to New York City and became editor and assistant director at the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation. In 1915, accompanied by the museum's director George Gustav Heye and staff member George H. Pepper, Hodge undertook excavations at the Nacoochee Mound near Helen, Georgia. Hodge then directed the excavations of the ruins of Hawikkuh, near Zuni Pueblo, during the period 1917-23.

He was associated with Columbia University, Hemenway Southwestern Archaeological Expedition, and the U.S. Geological Survey. He was the director of the Southwest Museum of the American Indian in Los Angeles. He served as executive officer at the Smithsonian Institution, chairman of the Committee of Editorial Management and the Committee dealing with the Linguistic Families North of Mexico. He was a member of the Committee on Archaeological Nomenclature, the Committee of Policy, the National Research Council, and the Laboratory of Anthropology, School of American Research, Journal of Physical Anthropology, and the Museum of the American Indian.
Separated Materials:
Ethnographic material collected by Frederick Webb Hodge on this trip can be found in NMAI's Ethnology collection with catalog numbers 093309 - 093312 (09/3309 - 09/3312).
Provenance:
Donated to the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation, by Frederick Webb Hodge in 1919.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited users to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changed, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian.
Topic:
Photographs  Search this
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.001.043
See more items in:
Frederick Webb Hodge photographs on the Havasupai (Coconino) Reservation
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv43e9f74bc-0feb-4a83-b39b-f2aaa4f76527
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-001-043
Online Media:

Left to right, The Twins, Taaaiyalana Mountain, near Pueblo of Zuni, New Mexico

Creator:
Nusbaum, Jesse L. (Jesse Logan)  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass negative (5x7 in)
Culture:
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Date:
1911
Local Numbers:
NAA INV 10078500 ; OPPS NEG 2326 A 1
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.176, Item Negative 2326 A 1
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Glass Negatives / Nusbaum, Jesse L. (Jesse Logan)
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref12080

Inside Adobe House Showing Metates, Pottery, Gourds, Corn, and Wood

Creator:
Nusbaum, Jesse L. (Jesse Logan)  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass negative (Collodion, 007 in x 010 in)
Culture:
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Date:
1879
Local Numbers:
OPPS NEG 02268 A
Place:
New Mexico Zuni Pueblo
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.176, Item BAE GN 02268A
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Glass Negatives / Nusbaum, Jesse L. (Jesse Logan)
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref12475

Young Girl with Child On Back

Creator:
Nusbaum, Jesse L. (Jesse Logan)  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass negative (005 in x 007 in)
Culture:
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Date:
1911
Local Numbers:
NAA INV 06371500 ; OPPS NEG 02243
Place:
New Mexico Zuni Pueblo
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.176, Item BAE GN 02243 06371500
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Glass Negatives / Nusbaum, Jesse L. (Jesse Logan)
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref3111

Man Near Adobe Wall

Creator:
Nusbaum, Jesse L. (Jesse Logan)  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass negative (005 in x 007 in)
Culture:
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Date:
1911
Local Numbers:
NAA INV 06371900 ; OPPS NEG 02245
Place:
New Mexico Zuni Pueblo
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.176, Item BAE GN 02245 06371900
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Glass Negatives / Nusbaum, Jesse L. (Jesse Logan)
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref3115

Man Near Adobe Wall

Creator:
Nusbaum, Jesse L. (Jesse Logan)  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass negative (005 in x 007 in)
Culture:
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Date:
1911
Local Numbers:
NAA INV 06372000 ; OPPS NEG 02246
Place:
New Mexico Zuni Pueblo
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.176, Item BAE GN 02246 06372000
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Glass Negatives / Nusbaum, Jesse L. (Jesse Logan)
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref3116

Man Near Adobe Wall

Creator:
Nusbaum, Jesse L. (Jesse Logan)  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass negative (005 in x 007 in)
Culture:
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Date:
1911
Local Numbers:
NAA INV 06372100 ; OPPS NEG 02247
Place:
New Mexico Zuni Pueblo
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.176, Item BAE GN 02247 06372100
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Glass Negatives / Nusbaum, Jesse L. (Jesse Logan)
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref3117

Man Near Adobe Wall

Creator:
Nusbaum, Jesse L. (Jesse Logan)  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass negative (005 in x 007 in)
Culture:
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Date:
1911
Local Numbers:
NAA INV 06372200 ; OPPS NEG 02248 A
Place:
New Mexico Zuni Pueblo
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.176, Item BAE GN 02248A 06372200
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Glass Negatives / Nusbaum, Jesse L. (Jesse Logan)
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref3118

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