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Videohistory Records

Creator::
National Museum of American History. Division of Medical Sciences  Search this
Extent:
3.5 cu. ft. (3 record storage boxes) (1 document box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Clippings
Floppy disks
Posters
Color photographs
Black-and-white photographs
Color negatives
Black-and-white negatives
Color transparencies
Videotapes
Audiotapes
Electronic records
Date:
1969-2000
Descriptive Entry:
This accession consists of records created and maintained by Ray Kondratas, Curator, Division of Medical Sciences, in his work researching and conducting interviews for the Smithsonian Videohistory Program. The videohistories produced by Kondratas covered such topics as DNA sequencing; Acuson ultrasound machines; fluorescence activated cell sorting instrumentation; the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique; diagnostic imaging technology; and the project to sequence the smallpox virus genome. Also included is an interview with Vsevold Kuravcev, regarding his work in nuclear magnetic resonance. Materials include correspondence; memoranda; reports; research notes; biography files; proposals; transcripts; audio and video recordings; images; brochures; posters; and clippings. Some materials are in electronic format.
Topic:
Nucleotide sequence  Search this
DNA  Search this
Ultrasonic imaging  Search this
Flow cytometry  Search this
Polymerase chain reaction  Search this
Diagnostic imaging  Search this
Smallpox  Search this
Nuclear magnetic resonance  Search this
Scientists -- Interviews  Search this
Medicine -- History  Search this
Science -- History  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Clippings
Floppy disks
Posters
Color photographs
Black-and-white photographs
Color negatives
Black-and-white negatives
Color transparencies
Videotapes
Audiotapes
Electronic records
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 11-046, National Museum of American History. Division of Medical Sciences, Videohistory Records
Identifier:
Accession 11-046
See more items in:
Videohistory Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-fa11-046

DNA Sequencing Interviews

Extent:
files (Reference copies).
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Interviews
Videotapes
Oral history
Date:
1989-1990
Introduction:
The Smithsonian Videohistory Program, funded by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation from 1986 until 1992, used video in historical research. Additional collections have been added since the grant project ended. Videohistory uses the video camera as a historical research tool to record moving visual information. Video works best in historical research when recording people at work in environments, explaining artifacts, demonstrating process, or in group discussion. The experimental program recorded projects that reflected the Institution's concern with the conduct of contemporary science and technology.

Smithsonian historians participated in the program to document visual aspects of their on-going historical research. Projects covered topics in the physical and biological sciences as well as in technological design and manufacture. To capture site, process, and interaction most effectively, projects were taped in offices, factories, quarries, laboratories, observatories, and museums. Resulting footage was duplicated, transcribed, and deposited in the Smithsonian Institution Archives for scholarship, education, and exhibition. The collection is open to qualified researchers.
Descriptive Entry:
Ramunas Kondratas, curator at the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History (NMAH), was interested in documenting the history, development, and applications of the DNA Sequencer. He also explored the commercialization of the instrument, including its testing and marketing, and addressed current and future uses of the ABI 370A model sequencer in medical research. Sessions were recorded at California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, California, on October 19, 1988, at Applied Biosystems, Inc., in Foster City, California, on October 21, 1988, and at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) in Washington, D.C., on March 27, 1990.

Interviewees included scientists and technicians at Cal Tech, ABI, and NIH. Jeannine Gocayne received a M.A. in molecular biology from the State University of New York-Buffalo in 1985 and was appointed a biologist and sequencing supervisor with the Receptor Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Section of the Laboratory of Molecular and Cellular Neurobiology, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS), NIH in 1986.

Several others provided additional information about the sequencer for the three video sessions. These people included: Kurt Becker, DNA Sequencing Product Manager; Kip Connell, research scientist; Marilee Shaffer, products specialist for DNA sequencing, ABI; and Anthony R. Kerlavage and W. Richard McCombie of the Receptor Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Section of the Laboratory of Molecular and Cellular Neurobiology, NINDS, NIH.

Session one took place at the California Institute of Technology with Hood, Sanders, and Kaiser. Interviews focused on the history, design, and development of the sequencer prototype and its operation.

Session Two took place at Applied Biosystems, Inc., with Hunkapiller, Becker, Connell, and Shaffer and dealt with the commercial design, fabrication, and marketing of the sequencer and other related instrumentation. Tours of the assembly and manufacturing areas were included in the session, as well as a demonstration of how the DNA sequencing data is represented graphically on a computer.

Session Three took place at the Receptor Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Section of the Laboratory of Molecular and Cellular Neurobiology, NINDS, NIH, where Venter explained and demonstrated the automated DNA sequencing processes during a tour of the lab. Kerlavage and McCombie assisted during the tour. Finally, Gocayne described the application of new DNA sequencing technology to work in the lab.

This collection consists of three interview sessions, totaling approximately 8:40 hours of recordings, and 176 pages of transcript. There are three generations of tape for each session: originals, dubbing masters, and reference copies. In total, this collection is comprised of 26 original videotapes (26 Beta videotapes), 22 dubbing master videotapes (22 U-matic videotapes), and 5 reference copy videotapes (5 VHS videotapes). The collection has been remastered digitally, with 26 motion jpeg 2000 and 26 mpeg digital files for preservation, and 22 Windows Media Video and 22 Real Media Video digital files for reference.

Restrictions: Ramunas Kondratas must approve before broadcast or public viewing.
Historical Note:
DNA is composed of the four individual nucleotides: adenine (A), thymine (T), cytosine (C), and guanine (G). To decipher a particular piece of DNA, it is necessary to determine the exact sequence of these nucleotides. The sequence of the nucleotides determines the genetic information encoded in a DNA strand. A partial nucleotide sequence for a human gene might look like: GGCACTGACTCTCTC. In 1977, biochemist Fred Sanger developed the enzymatic chain termination procedure that allowed for sequencing of individual strands of DNA. This made mapping and sequencing of genetic material possible.

In 1986, Leroy E. Hood's Laboratory at the California Institute of Technology (Cal Tech) announced its development of a semiautomated machine for sequencing DNA. The machine automated the enzymatic chain termination procedure for DNA sequence analysis developed by Sanger and became a key instrument in mapping and sequencing genetic material. That same year, Applied Biosystems, Inc. (ABI) produced the first commercial instruments for clinical use. Constant improvements in the technology resulted in faster sequencing capacity, which was significant for advanced scientific research in projects such as mapping the human genome.

Leroy E. Hood received his M.D. from The Johns Hopkins School of Medicine in 1964, and a Ph.D. in immunology from Cal Tech in 1968. From 1968 until 1970 he held a postdoctoral fellowship at the National Institutes of Health. In 1970 he was appointed professor of biology at Cal Tech and eventually became chairman of the Division of Biology and the director of its cancer center.

Michael Hunkapiller received a Ph.D. in chemistry from Cal Tech in 1974. He joined ABI as its vice president for research and development in 1983.

Robert J. Kaiser received his Ph.D in chemistry from Cal Tech in 1983, and subsequently joined the Cal Tech staff as a research fellow in biology. Jane Z. Sanders joined the Cal Tech staff in 1984 as an associate biologist and was appointed senior biologist a year later. She took graduate courses in biochemistry in 1971-72 at the Stanford University Medical School.

Lloyd M. Smith received a Ph.D. in biophysics from Stanford University in 1981, and was a senior research fellow in biology at Cal Tech from 1982 until 1987, when he was appointed assistant professor in the Analytical Division of the Department of Chemistry at the University of Wisconsin-Madison.

J. Craig Venter received his Ph.D. in physiology and pharmacology from the University of California, San Diego in 1975. In 1983 he was appointed adjunct professor of biochemical pharmacology at the State University of New York-Buffalo and joined NIH in 1984 as chief of the Receptor Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Section, NINDS. In 1987 he also became co-director of the Laboratory of Molecular and Cellular Neurobiology, NINDS, NIH and was appointed director of the NINDS DNA facility at NIH.
Rights:
Restricted. Contact SIHistory@si.edu, 202-633-5910 for details.
Topic:
History of science and technology  Search this
Molecular biology  Search this
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Videotapes
Oral history
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9549, , DNA Sequencing Interviews
Identifier:
Record Unit 9549
See more items in:
DNA Sequencing Interviews
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru9549

Enzymatic Amplification and Nucleotide Sequencing of Portions of the 18s rRNA Gene of the Bee Proplebeia dominicana (Apidae: Hymenoptera) Isolated from 25-40 Million Year Old Dominican Amber

Author:
Roubik, David Ward  Search this
Poinar, H. N.  Search this
Cano, R. J.  Search this
Poinar, George O., Jr.  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Electronic document
Year:
1992
Topic:
Tropics  Search this
Biology  Search this
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILSRO_104590

MHC class II DRB diversity, selection pattern and population structure in a neotropical bat species, Noctilio albiventris

Author:
Schad, J.  Search this
Voigt, C. C.  Search this
Dechmann, Dina K. N.  Search this
Sommer, S.  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Electronic document
Year:
2011
Topic:
Tropics  Search this
Biology  Search this
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILSRO_101588

Complete Sequencing of Five Araliaceae Chloroplast Genomes and the Phylogenetic Implications

Author:
Ma, Peng-Fei  Search this
Wen, Jun  Search this
Yi, Ting-Shuang  Search this
Li, Rong  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Electronic document
Year:
2013
Topic:
Botany  Search this
Plants  Search this
Natural History  Search this
See others in:
Botany
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILSRO_117472

Cold Code: the global initiative to DNA barcode amphibians and nonavian reptiles

Author:
Fritz, Uwe  Search this
Poyarkov, Nikolay A.  Search this
Vences, Miguel  Search this
Crawford, Andrew J.  Search this
Che, Jing  Search this
Donnellan, Stephen C.  Search this
Murphy, Robert W.  Search this
Haddad, Célio F. B.  Search this
Bauer, Aaron M.  Search this
Nagy, Zoltán T.  Search this
Wang, Wen-Zhi  Search this
Zhang, Ya-Ping  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Electronic document
Year:
2013
Topic:
Tropics  Search this
Biology  Search this
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILSRO_114219

DNA Barcoding as a Reliable Method for the Authentication of Commercial Seafood Products

Author:
Nicole, Silvia  Search this
Negrisolo, Enrico  Search this
Mantovani, Roberto  Search this
Patarnello, Tomaso  Search this
Barcaccia, Gianni  Search this
Erickson, David L.  Search this
Eccher, Giulia  Search this
Kress, W. John  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Electronic document
Year:
2012
Topic:
Natural History  Search this
Botany  Search this
Plants  Search this
See others in:
Botany
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILSRO_114459

A comparative study of nemertean complete mitochondrial genomes, including two new ones for Nectonemertes cf. mirabilis and Zygeupolia rubens, may elucidate the fundamental pattern for the phylum Nemertea

Author:
Ren, Wei-Cheng  Search this
Norenburg, Jon L.  Search this
Sun, Shi-Chun  Search this
Sundberg, Per  Search this
Chen, Hai-Xia  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Electronic document
Year:
2012
Topic:
Invertebrates  Search this
Animals  Search this
Zoology  Search this
Natural History  Search this
See others in:
Invertebrate Zoology
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILSRO_111340

Genetic and morphological evidence that the Eastern Pacific damselfish Abudefduf declivfrons is distinct from A. concolor (Pomacentridae)

Author:
Lessios, Harilaos A.  Search this
Wellington, Gerard M.  Search this
Bermingham, Eldredge  Search this
Allen, Gerald R.  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Electronic document
Year:
1995
Topic:
Tropics  Search this
Biology  Search this
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILSRO_103836

A multigene phylogeny examining evolutionary and ecological relationships in the Australo-Papuan wrens of the subfamily Malurinae (Aves)

Author:
Christidis, Les  Search this
Sonsthagen, Sarah  Search this
Pruett-Jones, Stephen  Search this
Driskell, Amy C.  Search this
Norman, Janette A.  Search this
Mangall, Elizabeth  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Electronic document
Year:
2011
Topic:
Natural History  Search this
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILSRO_101288

Complete nucleotide sequences of the domestic cat (Felis catus) mitochondrial genome and a transposed mtDNA tandem repeat (Numt) in the nuclear genome

Author:
Lopez, Jose V.  Search this
O'Brien, Sean T.  Search this
Cevario, Stanley  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Electronic document
Year:
1996
Topic:
Tropics  Search this
Biology  Search this
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILSRO_103583

Molecular phylogenies of figs and their pollinator wasps

Author:
Machado, Carlos A.  Search this
Herre, Edward Allen  Search this
Bermingham, Eldredge  Search this
Nason, James D.  Search this
Windsor, Donald M.  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Electronic document
Year:
1996
Topic:
Tropics  Search this
Biology  Search this
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILSRO_103624

A molecular phylogeny of the Gelidiales (Rhodophyta) based on analysis of plastid rbcL nucleotide sequences

Author:
Freshwater, D. W.  Search this
Fredericq, Suzanne  Search this
Hommersand, M. J.  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Electronic document
Year:
1995
Topic:
Natural History  Search this
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILSRO_98582

A fast method for approximating maximum likelihoods of phylogenetic trees from nucleotide sequences

Author:
Rogers, J. S.  Search this
Swofford, David L.  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Electronic document
Year:
1998
Topic:
Natural History  Search this
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILSRO_97741

Nucleotide sequence and genome organization of biologically active proviruses of the bovine immunodeficiency-like virus

Author:
Gonda, Matthew A.  Search this
Elser, John E.  Search this
Garvey, Kevin J.  Search this
Oberste, M. Steven  Search this
Braun, Michael J.  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Electronic document
Year:
1990
Topic:
Natural History  Search this
Vertebrates  Search this
Animals  Search this
Zoology  Search this
See others in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILSRO_98216

A non-native bryozoan creates novel substrate on the mudflats in San Francisco Bay

Author:
Gentry, Jackson  Search this
Obernolte, Rena  Search this
Geller, Jonathan  Search this
Mackie, Joshua A.  Search this
Harris, Leslie  Search this
Zabin, Chela J.  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Electronic document
Year:
2010
Topic:
Animal health  Search this
Environmental sciences  Search this
Coastal ecology  Search this
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILSRO_92610

Molecular systematics of the bubblegum coral genera (Paragorgiidae, Octocorallia) and description of a new deep-sea species

Author:
Sánchez, Juan A.  Search this
Herrera, Santiago  Search this
Baco, Amy  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Electronic document
Year:
2010
Topic:
Invertebrates  Search this
Animals  Search this
Zoology  Search this
Natural History  Search this
See others in:
Invertebrate Zoology
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILSRO_81635

Complete nucleotide sequence and gene arrangement of the mitochondrial genome of the crab-eating frog Fejervarya cancrivora and evolutionary implications

Author:
Ren, Zhumei  Search this
Ma, Enbo  Search this
Cao, Ying  Search this
Hasegawa, Masami  Search this
Zhu, Bin  Search this
Wen, Jun  Search this
Zhong, Yang  Search this
Tu, Tieyao  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Electronic document
Year:
2009
Topic:
Natural History  Search this
Botany  Search this
Plants  Search this
See others in:
Botany
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILSRO_78930

A Molecular Phylogeny of the Remoras and their Relatives

Author:
Gray, Kurtis N.  Search this
Collette, Bruce B.  Search this
McDowell, Jan R.  Search this
Graves, John E.  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Electronic document
Year:
2009
Topic:
Natural History  Search this
Vertebrates  Search this
Animals  Search this
Zoology  Search this
See others in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILSRO_77893

The complete nucleotide sequence of the cassava (Manihot esculenta) chloroplast genome and the evolution of atpF in Malpighiales: RNA editing and multiple losses of a group II intron

Author:
Daniell, H.  Search this
Jansen, R. K.  Search this
Saski, C.  Search this
Kanagaraj, A.  Search this
Lee, S. B.  Search this
Wurdack, Kenneth J.  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Electronic document
Year:
2008
Topic:
Botany  Search this
Plants  Search this
Natural History  Search this
See others in:
Botany
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILSRO_55223

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