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Ecology Program Records

Creator::
Smithsonian Institution. Office of Environmental Sciences  Search this
Extent:
11.5 cu. ft. (23 document boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Black-and-white photographs
Serials (publications)
Maps
Date:
1965-1973
Descriptive Entry:
This record unit consists of files documenting the operation of the Smithsonian Office of Ecology (SOE), 1965-1970, and its successor, the Ecology Program of the Office of Environmental Sciences (OES), 1970-1973. The records were created primarily by administrators Buechner, 1965-1968; Wallen, 1969; and Jenkins, 1970-1973. They include organizational files, 1965-1973; administrative records, 1965-1973, including material concerning the development of the Chesapeake Bay Center for Field Biology (after 1970, the Chesapeake Bay Center for Environmental Studies) and the Smithsonian-Peace Corps Environmental Program; project files, 1965-1973, including records documenting projects conducted as part of the International Program in Ecology; and files of Lee Merriam Talbot, 1965-1971.
Historical Note:
The history of the Ecology Program of the Office of Environmental Sciences can be traced to July 1, 1965, when the Smithsonian Office of Ecology (SOE) was created to assist in expanding the research opportunities of Smithsonian scientists and to aid in the coordination of ecological activities with other government agencies. From its creation until 1966, the SOE was an administrative unit of the National Museum of Natural History. In 1966, administrative responsibility for the SOE was transferred to the Assistant Secretary for Science. The Smithsonian's environmental sciences programs were reorganized under the Office of Environmental Sciences (OES) in 1970. At that time, the SOE became the Ecology Program of the newly created OES. In 1973, OES was merged with the Office of International Activities to form the Office of International and Environmental Programs (OIEP). The Ecology Program came under the administrative control of OIEP. The Ecology Program was abolished in 1974.

Administrators of the Ecology Program of OES and its predecessor the SOE included Helmut K. Buechner, assistant director for ecology, 1965-1966, head, 1966-1968 (he also served as senior scientist, 1968-1971); Irvin Eugene Wallen, acting head, 1969; and Dale W. Jenkins, director, 1970-1973. Other staff included Lee Merriam Talbot, research biologist, 1965-1966, field representative, Ecology and Conservation, 1966-1967, deputy head and international field representative, 1968, resident ecologist, 1969-1971, and deputy director, 1972-1973; and Francis Raymond Fosberg, special assistant for tropical biology, 1965-1966.

Programs and bureaus under the administration of the Ecology Program of OES and its predecessor the SOE included the Chesapeake Bay Center for Field Biology (after 1970 the Chesapeake Bay Center for Environmental Studies), 1965-1969; the Center for Natural Areas, 1972-1974; and the Peace Corps Environmental Program, 1972-1974.
Topic:
Coastal ecology  Search this
Research  Search this
Environmental sciences  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Black-and-white photographs
Serials (publications)
Maps
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 271, Smithsonian Institution, Office of Environmental Sciences, Ecology Program Records
Identifier:
Record Unit 271
See more items in:
Ecology Program Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru0271
Online Media:

Folder 2 Kim, Ke Chung. "Study of the Ectoparasites of the Northern Fur Seal on the Pribilof Islands," 1967-1971

Collection Creator::
Smithsonian Institution. Office of Environmental Sciences  Search this
Container:
Box 16 of 22
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 271, Smithsonian Institution, Office of Environmental Sciences, Ecology Program Records
See more items in:
Ecology Program Records
Ecology Program Records / Series 3: PROJECT FILES, 1965-1973. ARRANGED ALPHABETICALLY. / Box 16
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0271-refidd1e1721

Leonhard Stejneger Papers

Creator::
Stejneger, Leonhard, 1851-1943  Search this
Extent:
23.86 cu. ft. (46 document boxes) (2 12x17 boxes) (oversize materials)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Account books
Scrapbooks
Black-and-white photographs
Field notes
Journals (accounts)
Diaries
Manuscripts
Date:
1753, 1867-1943
Descriptive Entry:
The papers of Leonhard Stejneger consist of manuscripts on Japanese herpetology, Chinese herpetology, Puerto Rican and West Indian herpetology, North American herpetology, poisonous snakes, turtles, fur seals, ornithology, European fauna and the study of life zones; manuscripts, general notes and bibliographic notes and correspondence regarding the publication of Stejneger's biography of Georg Wilhelm Steller; diaries, notebooks, and account books covering much of the time Stejneger spent at zoological congresses and on field trips; photographs of fur seals and natives of the North Pacific-Bering Sea area; photographs of mammal skulls and skeletons; scrapbooks; outgoing correspondence; and personal material.
Historical Note:
Leonhard Stejneger (1851-1943) was born in Bergen, Norway, and received his early education there. Later he studied medicine and law at the University of Kristiania. Stejneger's interest in zoology began at an early age, for he produced his earliest field notes in ornithology in 1867. Four years later his first zoological paper was published, and in 1873 his first book was published. He described his first bird, Lanius bairdi, in 1878. In 1881 he left Norway for the United States and arrived in Washington, D.C., where be soon began working with the birds of the New World at the Smithsonian Institution, particularly aquatic birds. In December 1884 he was appointed assistant curator in the Department of Birds under Robert Ridgway, curator. In 1889 after the resignation of Henry Crecy Yarrow, honorary curator of the Department of Reptiles and Batrachians, Stejneger became the first full-time curator for the Department. In 1903 he served as acting head curator of the Department of Biology for several months, and in 1911 he was appointed head curator of the Department of Biology after Frederick William True vacated the post. From that time until his death, Stejneger served both as head curator of the Department of Biology and curator of the Division of Reptiles and Batrachians. Also, for years he chaired a Smithsonian committee which considered manuscripts for publication.

In 1882 Stejneger was sent to the Commander Islands under the auspices of the U.S. Signal Service to establish observation stations. While there he studied the islands' natural history, the fur seals, and made specimen collections, including the skeleton of a sea-cow. As the problem of the fur seals and commercial sealing became an international economic and political concern, Stejneger's studies of the seals and the sealing conditions became more involved. In 1895 he was sent to the North Pacific as an attache of the U.S. Fish Commission. The next year President Cleveland appointed Stejneger to the International Fur-Seal Commission; he spent most of this time on the Pribilof and Commander Islands as well as some time in Hakodate, Japan. He returned to the Bering Sea again in 1897 to continue his studies and investigations. His last trip to the Commander Islands was in 1922 as a representative of the U.S. Department of Commerce.

As a representative of the United States National Museum, Stejneger attended several international scientific congresses. He attended the International Zoological Congresses of 1898, 1901, 1904, 1907, 1913, 1927, and 1930, as well as ornithological and fisheries congresses. He was elected to the International Committee on Zoological Nomenclature in 1898 and served as the organizing secretary for the Section on Zoogeography at the 1907 Zoological Congress. Because most of the congresses were held in Europe, Stejneger was able to study European museums and their specimens as well as European fauna and the correlation of life zones between Europe and North America.

Stejneger also made field trips to various sections of the United States and nearby areas. After joining C. Hart Merriam's biological survey of the San Francisco mountain region in 1889, he collected specimens in Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas. In 1894 he took a field trip to the South Dakota Badlands. In 1900 he joined Charles W. Richmond, assistant curator in the Division of Birds, on an expedition to Puerto Rico and the West Indies, and during the summer of 1906 he studied the salamanders of Augusta County, Virginia.

After his first trip to the Commander Islands in 1882 to search for evidence of the Steller sea-cow, Stejneger began compiling data and conducting exhaustive research on Georg Wilhelm Steller, the pioneer of Alaskan natural history who accompanied Vitus Bering to North America. For approximately fifty years Stejneger researched his subject and finally published the biography of Georg Wilhelm Steller in 1936.

In addition to the above publication, Stejneger's bibliography contains more than four hundred titles. Of particular importance are Results of Ornithological Explorations in the Commander Islands and in Kamtschatka (1885), portions of the Standard Natural History (1885), edited by J. Sterling Kingsley, The Poisonous Snakes of North America (1895), The Russian Fur-Seal Islands (1896), Herpetology of Porto Rico (1904), and Herpetology of Japan and Adjacent Territories (1907). With the collaboration of Thomas Barbour of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Stejneger published a Check-List of North American Amphibians and Reptiles in five editions (1917, 1923, 1933, 1939, 1943).

Stejneger's correspondence as curator of Reptiles and Batrachians as well as some correspondence he conducted while assistant curator in the Department of Birds is found in the Division of Reptiles and Amphibians Records, 1873-1968 (see Record Unit 161).
Topic:
Herpetology  Search this
Mammalogy  Search this
Natural history  Search this
Ornithology  Search this
Ornithologists  Search this
Herpetologists  Search this
Northern fur seal  Search this
Naturalists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Account books
Scrapbooks
Black-and-white photographs
Field notes
Journals (accounts)
Diaries
Manuscripts
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7074, Leonhard Stejneger Papers
Identifier:
Record Unit 7074
See more items in:
Leonhard Stejneger Papers
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru7074

Records

Creator::
North Pacific Fur Seal Commission  Search this
Extent:
19.69 cu. ft. (19 record storage boxes) (1 16x20 box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Books
Brochures
Clippings
Manuscripts
Black-and-white photographs
Audiotapes
Date:
1955-1985
Descriptive Entry:
This accession consists of meeting documentation, reports, and publications documenting the activities of the North Pacific Fur Seal Commission (NPFSC) and their efforts to protect the fur seal.
Topic:
Fur trade -- Law and legislation  Search this
Northern fur seal  Search this
Genre/Form:
Books
Brochures
Clippings
Manuscripts
Black-and-white photographs
Audiotapes
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 88-175, North Pacific Fur Seal Commission, Records
Identifier:
Accession 88-175
See more items in:
Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-fa88-175

Northern fur seal bibliography, October 1985.

Collection Creator::
North Pacific Fur Seal Commission  Search this
Container:
Box 15 of 20
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 88-175, North Pacific Fur Seal Commission, Records
See more items in:
Records
Records / Box 15
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa88-175-refidd1e2917

Northern Fur Seal

Discipline:
Vertebrate Zoology  Search this
Region:
US-Alaska  Search this
Life Stage:
Juvenile
Object Type:
Education and Outreach collections
Collecting Locality:
Pribilof Islands, North America, United States, Alaska, Pribilof Islands
Topic:
Education & Outreach  Search this
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Tetrapoda, Mammalia, Eutheria, Carnivora, Caniformia, Otariidae
Scientific Name:
Callorhinus ursinus
USNM Number:
EO67625-SKULL
See more items in:
Q?rius, The Coralyn W. Whitney Science Education Center
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3062d431d-bad8-4c7c-aa3d-1c4f6f6ad316
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnheducation_10027152
Online Media:

Northern Fur Seal

Discipline:
Vertebrate Zoology  Search this
Object Type:
Education and Outreach collections
Topic:
Education & Outreach  Search this
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Tetrapoda, Mammalia, Eutheria, Carnivora, Caniformia, Otariidae
Scientific Name:
Callorhinus ursinus
USNM Number:
EO67882
See more items in:
Q?rius, The Coralyn W. Whitney Science Education Center
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/30c9fb63f-2ab8-4ffb-95be-1ca1f4d253d6
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnheducation_10027343
Online Media:

Northern Fur Seal

Discipline:
Vertebrate Zoology  Search this
Region:
US-Alaska  Search this
Life Stage:
Juvenile
Object Type:
Education and Outreach collections
Collecting Locality:
Pribilof Islands, North America, United States, Alaska, Pribilof Islands
Topic:
Education & Outreach  Search this
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Tetrapoda, Mammalia, Eutheria, Carnivora, Caniformia, Otariidae
Scientific Name:
Callorhinus ursinus
USNM Number:
EO67625-PC
See more items in:
Q?rius, The Coralyn W. Whitney Science Education Center
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3b5263340-8ed5-4880-bcf7-35498477db99
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnheducation_10845031

National Zoological Park, Northern Fur Seal Pup

Creator:
National Zoological Park (U.S.)  Search this
Subject:
National Zoological Park (U.S.)  Search this
Physical description:
Gelatin silver prints; 5 x 7;
Type:
Black-and-white photographs
Date:
1910
Circa 1910
Topic:
Marine mammals  Search this
Pinnipedia  Search this
Zoo keepers  Search this
Zoo animals  Search this
Zoos  Search this
Local number:
SIA RU000095 [SIA_000095_B49_F05_003]
Restrictions & Rights:
No access restrictions. Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu
No Known Copyright
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_399878
Online Media:

Northern Fur Seal

Creator:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
National Zoological Park (U.S.)  Search this
Physical description:
5x7;
Type:
Glass negatives
Date:
1900
Circa 1900s
Local number:
SIA Acc. 14-167 [NZP-0188]
Restrictions & Rights:
No access restrictions Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu
No Known Copyright
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_382033

Northern Fur Seal

Creator:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
National Zoological Park (U.S.)  Search this
Physical description:
5x7;
Type:
Glass negatives
Date:
1900
Circa 1900s
Local number:
SIA Acc. 14-167 [NZP-0189]
Restrictions & Rights:
No access restrictions Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu
No Known Copyright
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_382034

Diary, August 31-September 8, 1908 and itinerary from Bering Island

Alternate Title:
1908, Bering Id, V  Search this
Collection name:
Leonhard Stejneger Papers, 1753, 1867-1943
Physical Description:
1 field book
Physical Location:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
Sublocation:
Box 26 Folder 7
Record type:
Fieldbook record
Object Type:
Field notes
Diary
Place:
Russia
Beringa, ostrov
Nikol’skoye
Date Range:
1908
Start Date:
19080831
End Date:
19080908
Topic:
Northern fur seal  Search this
Zoologists  Search this
Accession #:
SIA RU007074
Access Information:
Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu.
See more records from this collection:
Leonhard Stejneger Papers, 1753, 1867-1943
See more records associated with this person:
Stejneger, Leonhard, 1851-1943
Data Source:
Smithsonian Field Book Project
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fbr_item_MODSI683
Online Media:

Unidentified photographs of the North Pacific and Bering Sea area

Collection name:
Leonhard Stejneger Papers, 1753, 1867-1943
Physical Description:
1 folder (photographs)
Physical Location:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
Sublocation:
Box 47
Record type:
Fieldbook record
Object Type:
Field notes
Photograph albums
Place:
Russia
Beringa, ostrov
Mednyy, Ostrov
Date Range:
1882-1916
Start Date:
1882
End Date:
1916
Topic:
Northern fur seal  Search this
Zoologists  Search this
Accession #:
SIA RU007074
Access Information:
Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu.
See more records from this collection:
Leonhard Stejneger Papers, 1753, 1867-1943
See more records associated with this person:
Stejneger, Leonhard, 1851-1943
Data Source:
Smithsonian Field Book Project
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fbr_item_MODSI969
Online Media:

Unidentified photographs of the North Pacific and Bering Sea area (2)

Collection name:
Leonhard Stejneger Papers, 1753, 1867-1943
Physical Description:
1 folder (photographs)
Physical Location:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
Sublocation:
Box 47
Record type:
Fieldbook record
Object Type:
Field notes
Black-and-white photographs
Place:
Russia
Beringa, ostrov
Mednyy, Ostrov
Date Range:
1882-1916
Start Date:
1882
End Date:
1916
Topic:
Northern fur seal  Search this
Zoologists  Search this
Accession #:
SIA RU007074
Access Information:
Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu.
See more records from this collection:
Leonhard Stejneger Papers, 1753, 1867-1943
See more records associated with this person:
Stejneger, Leonhard, 1851-1943
Data Source:
Smithsonian Field Book Project
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fbr_item_MODSI8115

Itinerary while serving for U.S. Fish Commission in Alaska and on Bering Island, September 9-October 11, 1895

Collection name:
Leonhard Stejneger Papers, 1753, 1867-1943
Physical Description:
1 field book
Physical Location:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
Sublocation:
Box 25 Folder 2
Record type:
Fieldbook record
Object Type:
Field notes
Place:
Russia
Beringa, ostrov
Nikol’skoye
Mednyy, Ostrov
Date Range:
1895
Start Date:
18950909
End Date:
18951011
Topic:
Northern fur seal  Search this
Zoologists  Search this
Accession #:
SIA RU007074
Access Information:
Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu.
See more records from this collection:
Leonhard Stejneger Papers, 1753, 1867-1943
See more records associated with this person:
Stejneger, Leonhard, 1851-1943
Data Source:
Smithsonian Field Book Project
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fbr_item_MODSI599

Plates 15a-20 for Russia fur-seal islands

Alternate Title:
Original photographs for the Russian fur-seal islands (1896)  Search this
Collection name:
Leonhard Stejneger Papers, 1753, 1867-1943
Physical Description:
1 folder
Physical Location:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
Sublocation:
Box 27 Folder 3
Record type:
Fieldbook record
Object Type:
Field notes
Black-and-white photographs
Illustrations
Place:
Russia
Beringa, ostrov
Nikol’skoye
Date Range:
1885
Start Date:
18950700
End Date:
18950700
Topic:
Northern fur seal  Search this
Zoologists  Search this
Accession #:
SIA RU007074
Access Information:
Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu.
See more records from this collection:
Leonhard Stejneger Papers, 1753, 1867-1943
See more records associated with this person:
Stejneger, Leonhard, 1851-1943
Data Source:
Smithsonian Field Book Project
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fbr_item_MODSI711

Plates 21a-27 for Russia fur-seal islands

Alternate Title:
Original photographs for the Russian fur-seal islands (1896)  Search this
Collection name:
Leonhard Stejneger Papers, 1753, 1867-1943
Physical Description:
13 black-and-white photographs
Physical Location:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
Sublocation:
Box 27 Folder 4
Record type:
Fieldbook record
Object Type:
Field notes
Black-and-white photographs
Place:
Russia
Beringa, ostrov
Nikol’skoye
Date Range:
1885
Start Date:
18950700
End Date:
18950700
Topic:
Northern fur seal  Search this
Zoologists  Search this
Accession #:
SIA RU007074
Access Information:
Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu.
See more records from this collection:
Leonhard Stejneger Papers, 1753, 1867-1943
See more records associated with this person:
Stejneger, Leonhard, 1851-1943
Data Source:
Smithsonian Field Book Project
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fbr_item_MODSI713

Plates 28-33 for Russia fur-seal islands

Alternate Title:
Original photographs for the Russian fur-seal islands (1896)  Search this
Collection name:
Leonhard Stejneger Papers, 1753, 1867-1943
Physical Description:
14 black-and-white photographs
Physical Location:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
Sublocation:
Box 27 Folder 5
Record type:
Fieldbook record
Object Type:
Field notes
Black-and-white photographs
Place:
Russia
Beringa, ostrov
Nikol’skoye
Mednyy, Ostrov
Date Range:
1885
Start Date:
18950800
End Date:
18950900
Topic:
Northern fur seal  Search this
Zoologists  Search this
Accession #:
SIA RU007074
Access Information:
Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu.
See more records from this collection:
Leonhard Stejneger Papers, 1753, 1867-1943
See more records associated with this person:
Stejneger, Leonhard, 1851-1943
Data Source:
Smithsonian Field Book Project
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fbr_item_MODSI715

Plates 34a-38b for Russia fur-seal islands

Alternate Title:
Original photographs for the Russian fur-seal islands (1896)  Search this
Collection name:
Leonhard Stejneger Papers, 1753, 1867-1943
Physical Description:
9 black-and-white photographs
Physical Location:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
Sublocation:
Box 27 Folder 6
Record type:
Fieldbook record
Object Type:
Field notes
Black-and-white photographs
Place:
Russia
Glinka
Mednyy, Ostrov
Date Range:
1885
Start Date:
18950800
End Date:
18950800
Topic:
Northern fur seal  Search this
Zoologists  Search this
Accession #:
SIA RU007074
Access Information:
Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu.
See more records from this collection:
Leonhard Stejneger Papers, 1753, 1867-1943
See more records associated with this person:
Stejneger, Leonhard, 1851-1943
Data Source:
Smithsonian Field Book Project
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fbr_item_MODSI721

Plates 39-44b for Russia fur-seal islands

Alternate Title:
Original photographs for the Russian fur-seal islands (1896)  Search this
Collection name:
Leonhard Stejneger Papers, 1753, 1867-1943
Physical Description:
1 folder
Physical Location:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
Sublocation:
Box 27 Folder 7
Record type:
Fieldbook record
Object Type:
Field notes
Black-and-white photographs
Illustrations
Place:
Russia
Mednyy, Ostrov
Date Range:
1885
Start Date:
18950800
End Date:
18950800
Topic:
Northern fur seal  Search this
Zoologists  Search this
Accession #:
SIA RU007074
Access Information:
Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu.
See more records from this collection:
Leonhard Stejneger Papers, 1753, 1867-1943
See more records associated with this person:
Stejneger, Leonhard, 1851-1943
Data Source:
Smithsonian Field Book Project
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fbr_item_MODSI725

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