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George Bird and Elizabeth Curtis Grinnell photograph collection

Creator:
Tuell, Julia E.  Search this
Grinnell, George Bird, 1849-1938  Search this
Extent:
119 Negatives (photographic) (119 glass plate negatives, black and white, 7 x 9 in.)
Culture:
Indians of North America  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Glass plate negatives
Place:
Northern Cheyenne Tribe of the Northern Cheyenne Indian Reservation, Montana
Rosebud County (Mont.)
Cheyenne-Arapaho Tribes of Oklahoma
Glacier National Park (Mont.)
Lame Deer (Mont.)
Washita County (Okla.)
Date:
1902-1910
Summary:
The core of this photographic collection (1902-1904) was taken during Grinnell's visits among the Northern (Montana, Rosebud County and Rosebud River, Lame Deer) and Southern (Washita County, Oklahoma) Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne). The photographs document domestic and daily life on the reservation (especially activies involving women), religious ceremonies, camps and dwellings, and important officials. The attributions of the photographs in this collection are far from certain. While many of these images appear to have been taken by Grinnell himself, a substantial portion were also taken by his wife Elizabeth Curtis Grinnell (b. 1876) and their friend Julia E. Tuell. A very small subset of these images (3) also depicts mountains and vistas in Glacier National Park (Flathead County, Glacier County) Montana.
Arrangement note:
negatives: organized in 6 boxes; arranged numerically by image number
Biographical/Historical note:
George Bird Grinnell, naturalist, conservationist and Indian rights activist, was born into a prominent family in Brooklyn, New York. He attended Yale University, receiving his B.A. in 1870 and a Ph.D. in paleontology in 1880. While at Yale, Grinnell participated in a paleontological expedition to the central Plains, Wyoming and Utah. In 1874 he served as naturalist and paleontologist in Lt. Colonel George Armstrong Custer's Black Hills expedition and, in 1875, was a member of William Ludlow's expedition surveying the Yellowstone. In 1899 Grinnell was a naturalist on Edward H. Harriman Expedition to Alaska. Grinnell's lifelong interest in the west was well established long before he left Yale. In 1876, four years before he earned his Ph.D., Grinnell became the editor-in-chief and soon-to-be owner of Forest and Stream magazine. Under his leadership, it became the country's foremost natural history magazine. Grinnell was the magazine's editor from 1876 until 1911, and he used its pages to help promote the creation of national parks. Grinnell played a pivotal role in the creation of Glacier National Park in 1910.

Grinnell's interest in the west extended to its native inhabitants. He was deeply interested in Plains Indians and, year after year, spent his summers visiting different reservations. He had befriended Frank North and his Pawnee scouts, and accompanied them on buffalo and elk hunts. Grinnell witnessed the destruction of game animals, brought about by commercial hunters, and was cognizant of its impact on Plains Indians' way of life. Grinnell, a prolific writer, authored several books and many articles on Cheyenne, Blackfoot, and Pawnee Indians, the most well-know of which was the two volume work entitled "The Cheyenne Indians: Their History and Way of Life," first published in 1923. Until his death, he remained a staunch supporter of Cheyenne rights.

Grinnell was a founding member of both the Audubon Society and Boone and Crockett Club (with Theodore Roosevelt). He chaired the Council on National Parks, Forests and Wildlife, and was president of the National Parks Association. He was a trustee of the New York Zoological Society. Grinnell was also a prominent member of many other associations, such as the American Association of the Advancement of Science and New York Academy of Science. Grinnell was 89 years old when he died in New York City.
Location of Other Archival Materials Note:
See manuscript items in the Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation records at the NMAI Archive Center. See also the George Bird Grinnell photograph collection at the Braun Research Library, Southwest Museum, Autry National Center in Los Angeles.
Restrictions:
Researchers must contact the NMAI Archives for an appointment to access the collection.
Rights:
Some items restricted: Cultural Sensitivity
Genre/Form:
Glass plate negatives
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.140
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4ffe48cba-9571-4489-96d8-36f5f16ab469
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-140

Parading through history : the Apsalooke nation / edited by Francine Bear Don't Walk, et. al

Title:
Coming home : the Northern Cheyenne odyssey
Author:
Bear Don't Walk, Francine  Search this
Western Heritage Center (Billings, Mont.)  Search this
Physical description:
C-ix, C-20, NC-viii, NC-23 : col. ill. ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Northern Cheyenne Tribe of the Northern Cheyenne Indian Reservation, Montana
Date:
2005
C2005
Topic:
History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_933994

Inventory and assessment of human remains from near Golden, Colorado, in the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution : affiliated with the Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribes of Oklahoma and the Northern Cheyenne Tribe / William T. Billeck, J. Christopher Dudar, and Kendall Tallmadge

Author:
Billeck, William T  Search this
Dudar, J. Christopher  Search this
Tallmadge, Kendall  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Repatriation Office  Search this
Subject:
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.)  Search this
Physical description:
iii, 24 p. : ill., map ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Catalogs
Place:
Colorado
Washington (D.C.)
Cheyenne-Arapaho Tribes of Oklahoma
Northern Cheyenne Tribe of the Northern Cheyenne Indian Reservation, Montana
Date:
2009
Topic:
Human remains (Archaeology)--Repatriation  Search this
Cheyenne Indians  Search this
Anthropological museums and collections  Search this
Call number:
CC79.5.H85 B55 2009
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_970072

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