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Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection

Creator:
Churchill, Frank C. (Frank Carroll), 1850-1912  Search this
Churchill, Clara G.  Search this
Names:
United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs  Search this
United States. Department of the Interior  Search this
Extent:
3,710 Photographic prints (29 photograph albums)
3 Linear feet
1430 Negatives (photographic) (acetate)
325 Lantern slides (colored)
Culture:
Oklahoma Cherokee  Search this
Oklahoma Muskogee (Creek)  Search this
Osage  Search this
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
Sioux [Crow Creek]  Search this
Ponca  Search this
Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)  Search this
Oklahoma Seminole  Search this
Quapaw  Search this
Miami [Oklahoma]  Search this
Wyandotte [Oklahoma]  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Ho-Chunk (Winnebago)  Search this
Eastern Shawnee [Quapaw Agency, Oklahoma]  Search this
Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)  Search this
Oto  Search this
Sioux [Crow Creek]  Search this
Chickasaw  Search this
Modoc  Search this
Kiowa  Search this
Kaw (Kansa)  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Acoma Pueblo  Search this
Akimel O'odham (Pima)  Search this
Cahuilla  Search this
Chemehuevi  Search this
Cochiti Pueblo  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Isleta Pueblo  Search this
K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo)  Search this
Kumeyaay (Diegueño)  Search this
Laguna Pueblo  Search this
Payómkawichum (Luiseño)  Search this
Mescalero Apache  Search this
Mojave (Mohave)  Search this
Ohkay Owingeh (San Juan Pueblo)  Search this
Picuris Pueblo  Search this
Piipaash (Maricopa)  Search this
Puye Pueblo  Search this
Quechan (Yuma/Cuchan)  Search this
San Carlos Apache  Search this
Taos Pueblo  Search this
Tohono O'odham (Papago)  Search this
Minnesota Chippewa  Search this
Lake Superior Chippewa  Search this
Potawatomi  Search this
Menominee (Menomini)  Search this
Pechanga Band Luiseño  Search this
Rincon Band Luiseño  Search this
Santa Ysabel (Santa Isabela) Diegueño  Search this
Pala Band Luiseño (Agua Caliente)  Search this
Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik)  Search this
Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo)  Search this
Bering Strait Inupiaq  Search this
Alutiiq (Pacific Eskimo)  Search this
Tlingit  Search this
Eastern Band of Cherokee  Search this
Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)  Search this
Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)  Search this
Seminole  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Negatives (photographic)
Lantern slides
Photographs
Photograph albums
Place:
Utah
Alaska
Oklahoma
Washington
Florida
Montana
Arizona
Arkansas
Missouri
North Carolina
Minnesota
New Mexico
California
Date:
1880-1928
bulk 1899-1909
Summary:
The Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection includes photographic negatives, photo albums, lantern slides, journals, scrapbooks and other documents created and compiled by the Churchills over the course of Frank's career as a special agent and Indian Inspector for the Department of the Interior between 1899 and 1909. Initially assigned as a revenue collector to the Cherokee Nation and later as an Indian Inspector reviewing boarding schools, Frank's assignments took him all over the United States including Indian Territory (present day Oklahoma), Missouri, Texas, Nebraska, Kansas, South Dakota, Minnesota, Wisconsin, New Mexico, Arizona, Utah, California, Florida, North Carolina and Alaska. During this time the Churchills visited over 80 different Native communities shooting photographs and taking notes.
Scope and Contents:
The Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection includes 1430 photographic negatives, 29 photo albums containing 3710 photographic prints, 325 lantern slides, and 3 linear feet of journals, scrapbooks, and other documents created and compiled by the Churchills over the course of Frank's career as a special agent and Indian Inspector for the Department of the Interior between 1899 and 1909.

Series 1: Photographs in Indian Territory (Oklahoma): Muskogee, Tahlequah, Sulphur Springs and Other Assignments, 1899-1903, includes 11 photo albums and 357 negatives from Frank Churchill's original assignment as revenue collector to the Cherokee Nation. Locations include Indian Territory (Oklahoma) [bulk], Kansas, Nebraska, Iowa, South Dakota, Arkansas, and Missouri. The Native communities visited and photographed in this series include— Oklahoma Cherokee, Oklahoma Muskogee (Creek), Quapaw, Osage, Miami, Wyandotte [Oklahoma], Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne), Winnebago [Nebraska], Eastern Shawnee [Quapaw Agency, Oklahoma], Ponca, Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee), Oto, Sioux [Crow Creek], Kaw (Kansa), Chickasaw, Modoc, Kiowa, Choctaw.

Series 2: Photographs in the Southwest and Midwest: Arizona, New Mexico, Califonia, Minnesota and Wisconsin, 1903-1907, includes 9 photo albums and 832 negatives from Frank Churchill's assignment as an Indian Inspector. Because the Churchills visited some of the same locations on multiple occasions, it has been hard to date some of the negatives. For that reason, all the negatives made in the Southwest have been included in this series, though there are two photo albums with Southwest photographs included in Series 4. Locations in this series includes Arizona, New Mexico, California, Minnesota and Wisconsin. The Native Communities visited and photographed in this series include—A:shiwi (Zuni), Diné (Navajo), Acoma Pueblo, Akimel O'odham (Pima), Cahuilla, Chemehuevi, Cochiti Pueblo, Hopi Pueblo, Isleta Pueblo, K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo), Kumeyaay (Diegueño), Laguna Pueblo, Luiseño (Luiseno), Mescalero Apache, Mojave (Mohave), Ohkay Owingeh (San Juan Pueblo), Picuris Pueblo, Piipaash (Maricopa), Puye Pueblo, Quechan (Yuma/Cuchan), San Carlos Apache, Taos Pueblo, Tohono O'odham (Papago).

Series 3: Photographs in Alaska and Oregon, 1905-1910 (bulk 1905), includes four photograph albums and 71 negatives from Frank Churchill's appointment as special agent, by President Roosevelt, to investigate the condition of the school & reindeer service and other affairs in Alaska in the summer and fall of 1905. Two of the albums were not made by the Churchills. The first of these (Box 20) includes photographs by William Hamilton and the second (Box 21) includes photographs by W. T. Lopp. Locations in Alaska include St. Lawrence Island, Nuwukmiut/Point Barrow, Teller, Diomedes Islands, Nome, Kotzebue, Wrangell, Port Clarence Bay, Unalaska Island and Baranof Island. There are a number of photographs aboard the U.S. Cutter "Bear" and aboard the mailboat "Georgia." Native communities photographed include—Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik), Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo), Bering Strait Inupiaq [Diomedes], Alutiiq (Pacific Eskimo), Tlingit.

Series 4: Photographs in Arizona, Utah, North Carolina, Montana, North Dakota, Florida and Miscellaneous, 1907-1909, includes five photograph albums and 163 negatives from Frank Churchill's assignment at Indian Inspector. Because the Churchills visited some of the same locations in the Southwest (Arizona and Utah) on multiple occasions, it has been hard to date some of the negatives. For that reason, all the negatives made in the Southwest have been included in Series 3. Locations include Arizona, Utah, North Carolina, Montana, North Dakota and Florida. Native communities visited and photographed include-Diné (Navajo), Hopi Pueblo, Kaibab Paiute, Quechan (Yuma/Cuchan), Eastern Band of Cherokee, Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan), Wahpetonwan Dakota [Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Tribe], Turtle Mountain Chippewa, Seminole. There is restricted material in Box 23 (Album P23380).

Series 5: Non-Native Photographs: Colorado Vacation, Lebanon, New Hampshire, and other Materials, 1898-1913, includes four photograph albums from vacations and other visits made by the Churchills unrelated to Frank's activities as Indian Inspector.

Series 6: Manuscripts: Journals, Documents and Scrapbooks, 1880-1928 (bulk 1899-1909), includes three linear feet of materials arranged in three subseries. Subseries 6.1, Clara Churchill, includes 16 journals, 12 scrapbooks and various other manuscript materials written and accumulated by Clara Churchill during their travels. Many of the journals include personal writings as well as several photographs that are duplicated in the photograph albums. The journals and scrapbooks encompass the full range of the Churchills' travels and include notes from Indian Territory, Southwest, Midwest, Southeast, Plains and Alaska. Subseries 6.2, Colonel Frank C. Churchill, includes official documents around Churchill's assignments as well as the reports Frank submitted back to the Secretary of the Interior (Box 41 and 42). Subseries 6.3, Churchill Museum and Miscellaneous, includes catalogs and other notes related to the large collection of Native American objects amassed by Frank and Clara. Clara also collected other items such as shells, minerals, and sand.

Series 7: Lantern Slides for Lectures, 1899-1909, includes 325 hand colored glass lantern slides. These were made by the Churchills from existing negatives and used for lectures. Lantern slides #1-#121 include views photographed in Alaska in 1905. Sldes #122-#325 include an assortment of views from Oklahoma (Indian Territory), Nebraska, Montana, Minnesota, California, Arizona and New Mexico photographed between 1900 and 1909.
Arrangement:
The Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection has been arranged in seven series by material type and then chronologically. The first five series are then divided into subseries by "Photo Albums" and "Negatives." These include--Series 1: Photographs in Indian Territory (Oklahoma): Muskogee, Tahlequah, Sulphur Springs and Other Assignments, 1899-1903; Series 2: Photographs in the Southwest and Midwest: Arizona, New Mexico, California, Minnesota and Wisconsin, 1907-1907; Series 3: Photographs in Alaska and Oregon, 1905-1910 (bulk 1905-1905); Series 4: Photographs in Arizona, Utah, North Carolina, Montana, North Dakota, Florida and Miscellaneous, 1907-1909; Series 5: Non-Native Photographs: Colorado Vaction, Lebanon, New Hampshire, and other Materials.

Series 6: Manuscripts: Journals, Documents and Scrapbooks, 1880-1928, is arranged in three subseries. Subseries 6.1: Clara G. Churchill, Subseries 6.2: Frank C. Churchill, and Subseries 6.3: Churchill Museum and Miscellaneous. Series 7: Lantern Slides for Lectures, 1899-1909, is arranged in orginal number order from the Hood Museum at Dartmouth College.
Biographical / Historical:
Frank Carroll Churchill was born August 2, 1850 to Benjamin P. Churchill and Susanna Thompson in West Fairlee, Vermont. Frank was educated at Thetford Academy in Thetford, VT and worked as a clerk for D.C. Churchill & Co. in Lyme, NH between 1869-1870. Between 1870 and 1877, Churchill was employed by H.W. Carter as a wholesale merchant in Lebanon, New Hampshire. During this time, Churchill met Clara Corser Turner and they were married on June 11, 1874.

Clara G. (Turner) Churchill was born December 16, 1851, to Colonel Francis H. Corser and Sarah Hook (Perkins) Corser. Colonel Corser and his wife died young, and Clara was adopted by George and Abby H. Turner of Concord, New Hampshire. In 1877, in association with William S. Carter, Frank Churchill opened the business "Carter & Churchill" which was in this business for 21 years. Churchill held various political offices from 1879-91. He served as chairman of the Republican town committee of Lebanon and of the Republican State committee in 1890 and 1891. He served on the staff of Governor Natt Head in 1879 and 1880, with the rank of Colonel. He was chairman of the New Hampshire delegation at the Republican National Convention which nominated President Harrison and represented the Fourth District in the Executive Council in 1889-1890 during the administration of Governor David. H. Goodell.

In 1899 Frank was appointed revenue inspector for the Cherokee Nation in Indian Territory and was later appointed a special agent for the Interior Department to formulate a system of public schools in Indian Territory (Oklahoma) and across the Southwest. In 1905, he was appointed special agent, by President Roosevelt, to investigate the condition of the school & reindeer service and other affairs in Alaska and was reappointed Indian Inspector between 1905-1909. In 1909, Churchill resigned due to failing health and died November 5, 1912. Clara accompanied Frank on all his travels between 1899 and 1909 (see below chronology for full details) maintaining journals and writing articles for publication in "WHAT." Clara was also a painter, producing watercolors and hand-painting many of the photographs she and Frank made on their travels. Following Frank's death, Clara maintained their collection of Native artifacts and photographs in their home in Lebanon, New Hampshire. Clara died April 16, 1945, bequeathing the full collection to Dartmouth College.
Frank Churchill's assignments as Special agent and Indian Inspector from 1899-1909 took him all over the United States including Indian Territory (present day Oklahoma), Missouri, Texas, Nebraska, Kansas, South Dakota, Minnesota, Wisconsin, New Mexico, Arizona, Utah, California, Florida, North Carolina and Alaska. During this time the Churchills visited over 80 different Native communities. For more details, see the chronology below.

Travels in Indian Territory (Oklahoma) and other assignments, 1899-1903

1899, June 29 -- Churchills arrive in Muskogee, Indian Territory (Oklahoma).

1899, July-October -- Visit to Fort Gibson, Tahlequah, Sallisaw, and Vinita (Indian Territory/Oklahoma). Visit to Noel and South west City, Missouri. Visit to Chelsea and Coffeyville, Kansas. Visit to Fort Smith, Arkansas.

1899, November -- Visit Tahlequah while the Cherokee Nation legislature was in session.

1899, December -- Travel in Colorado.

1900, March -- Return to Muskogee and Fort Gibson.

1900, Sept 17-Oct 5 -- Dawes Commission in Vinita.

1901, Mar-Apr 3 -- Visit to the Quapaw Agency, Wyandotte Reservation and school, Modoc reservation and the town of Miami.

1901, April -- Visit to Denison, Texas. Visit to Checotah, Eufaula, South McAlester (Choctaw nation).

1901, Summer -- Visit to Pawhuska, Osage Nation.

1901, October -- Visit to Tishomingo, seat of government of the Chickasaws.

1902, January -- Trip to the Chickasaw Nation Visit to Anadarko, Indian Agency of the Kiowa, Comanche and Apache, Fort Sill, Wichita Mountains, and Lawton.

1902, May -- Frank is dispatched to Sioux City, Iowa.

1902, May-June -- Visit to Winnebago Agency, Omaha Agency, Santee Agency.

1902, July -- Visit to St. Paul, Minnesota and Eau Claire, Wisconsin, (Chippewa Falls). Frank is sent to Sulphur Springs, Texas, to author a report.

1902, August -- Churchills return to Muskogee, IT.

1902, September-October -- Trip to White Eagle, Ponca Agency for a month. Visit to Otoe school, Pawnee School, Shawnee, Sac and Fox reservations.

1902, November-December -- Visit to Crow Creek Agency.

1903, January -- Return to Sulpher Springs, Texas.

1903, March -- Visit to Pawhuska, Osage Nation.

1903, April -- Visit to Colorado.

1903, May-October -- Visit to 23 towns in Oklahoma (IT) with the Secretary of the Interior.

Travels in New Mexico, Arizona and California, 1903-1905

1903, November -- Frank receives orders to proceed to Zuni Pueblo, New Mexico.

1903, December 9 -- Visit to Zuni, followed by Canyon de Chelly, Hubbell's Ranch, Keams Canyon.

1903, December 21 -- Visit to Hopi Pueblo. Walpi, Polacca Day School, Oraibi, Shumopavi (Shungopavi/Songoopavi), Shipaulovi (Supawlavi) and Mishongnovi (Musungnuvi).

1903, December 28 -- Visit to Fort Defiance.

1904, January -- Travel in New Mexico. Visit to Gallup, Laguna Pueblo, Acomita, Paraje, Acoma, Albuquerque, Isleta Pueblo, Santa Fe, Ohkay Owingeh (San Juan Pueblo), K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo).

1904, February -- Visit to Sacaton, Akimel O'odham (Pima) Reservation and Casa Grande ruins in Arizona.

1904, March -- Visit to Lehi Day School, Salt River Day School, Phoenix Indian School, Gila River Crossing Day School and Maricopa Day School, Arizona.

1904, March 10-26 -- Visit to Fort Mojave and Chemehuevi.

1904, March 30-April -- Visit to Riverside, California, Sherman Institute and Perris School. Side trip to Yuma, Arizona.

1905, January-February -- Visit to Sulphur, IT.

1905, March -- Visit to Mescalero Apache Agency, San Carlos Apache Agency, Geronimo Settlement, Rice Station School at Talkalai.

1905, April 10-20 -- Return to Sherman Institute in Riverside, California. Visit to San Jacinto, Perris, Saboba, Cahuilla, San Manuella (Band of Mission Indians), Coachella, Torres Reservation, Martinez Reservation Day School, Cabazon Reservation, Protrero Reservation and Day School.

1905, April 22-May -- Visit to Temecula, Pechanga Day School, Pala Mission, Campo Reservation, Mission of San Luis Rey, Rincon Day School, Mesa Grande School, Santa Ysabel (Diegueno), Volcan Mountain Day School.

Travels in Alaska, 1905

1905, June -- Frank receives an assignment in Alaska.

1905, July -- Board the U.S. Revenue Cutter "Bear" in Nome. Visit to Reindeer Station in Teller, Cape Prince of Wales, Kotzebue Sound, Cape Thompson, Point Hope and Point Barrow.

1905, August -- Visit to Wainwright Inlet, return to Nome. Visit to Anvil Creek, Gologin (Golovin) Bay, St. Lawrence Island, Pribilof Islands (Seal Islands), St. George, Dutch Harbor and Unalaska.

1905, September -- Board the "Dora" anchored near Belkofski, Cold Bay, Karluk, Afgonak, and Kodiak. Stop in Homer, Seldovia and Seward. Visit to Sitka.

1905, September 28 -- Board the steamer "Georgia" to Juneau and Skagway via Hoonah.

1905, October -- Return to Lebanon, NH.

Travels in Arizona, New Mexico, Minnesota, Wisconsin, California and Utah, 1906-1907

1906, March-April -- Re-assigned to Southwest and arrive in Tucson, Arizona. Visit to San Xavier Mission, Tohono O'odham (Papago) reservation, Casa Grande, Sacaton, Maricopa, Gila Crossing, Salt River and Phoenix schools.

1906, May -- Return to New Mexico to visit Gallup and Zuni Day School.

1906, June -- Visit to St, Paul, Minnesota and the White Earth (Ojibwe) reservation and Wild Rice River School in Boliere.

1906, July -- Visit to Ashland, Wisconsin, Lac Courte Oreilles, Hayward, and Lac de Flambeau (La Pointe Agency.

1906, July-September -- Return to Lebanon, New Hampshire.

1906, September -- Visit to Fond du Lac (Winnebago Lake), Wabeno, and Carter, Wisconsin.

1906, October -- Visit to Phlox, Wausau, Minocqua, Star Lake, Bark River and Wausaukee, Wisconsin.

1906, November-December -- Visit to Keshena (Green Bay Indian School), Menominee Reservation and Ashland, Wisconsin.

1906, December-January -- Stay in Washington, DC.

1907, February -- Return to Albuquerque, New Mexico.

1907, March -- Visit to Santa Fe and various Pueblos (Cochiti, Tesuque, San Ildefonso, Ohkay Owingeh [San Juan], Toas and Picuris).

1907, April -- Return to Albuquerque, visit to Pueblos (Isleta, Laguna, Mesita, Acomita, Paraje, Acoma, Seama).

1907, April -- Visit to Phoenix, Arizona (Phoenix Indian School), Fort McDowell and Salt River Day School.

1907, May -- Visit to Sacaton, Maricopa, Casa Grande, and Yuma, Arizona.

1907, June -- Visit to Riverside (Sherman Institute), and Pomona, California.

1907, June-July -- Travel to Salt Lake City, Utah. Visit Panguitch, Orton, Kanab, Escalante and Marysvale, Utah.

1907, July-August -- Return to Arizona. Visit Flagstaff, Tuba Indian School, as well as Hopi Pueblo (Walpi, Moencopi, and Oraibi).

1907, September-October -- Return to Lebanon, NH.

Travels in North Carolina, Montana and Florida, 1907-1909

1907, October 22 -- Assigned to Cherokee, North Carolina, to make a new roll of the Eastern Band of Cherokee.

1907, November -- Arrive in Cherokee, North Caolina.

1908, February -- Visit to Robbinsville and Big Cove

1908, April -- Cherokee council meeting regarding Churchill's new roll.

1908, May -- Completes assignment in North Carolina.

1908, June-September -- Return to Washington, DC and Lebanon, New Hampshire.

1908, September-October -- Trip to Montana. Visit to Browning, Blackfeet Reservation, Harlem, Fort Belknap and Fort Peck.

1908, November -- Visit to Spirit Lake (Devil's Lake) and Wahpeton, and Fort Totten, North Dakota.

1908, December -- Visit to Morris, Minnesota.

1909, January -- Trip to Washington, DC for the inauguration of President Taft.

1909, February -- Visit to Carlisle, Pennsylvania.

1909, March-April -- Trip to Florida. Visit to Miami, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Tampa Bay, St. Petersburg, Gainesville, and St. Augustine.

1909, May -- Visit to Soco Creek and Cherokee, North Carolina.

1909, July -- Return to Lebanon, New Hampshire.

1909, August -- Resignation as Indian Inspector.
Related Materials:
A large collection of Native American cultural objects and archaeology bequeathed by Clara Churchill can still be found at the Hood Museum at Dartmouth College.
Provenance:
Frederick Dockstader, former director of the Museum of the American Indian (MAI), Heye Foundation, illegally removed the majority of the photographs (photo albums, negatives) and manuscript material (journals, reports) from the Hood Museum of Art at Dartmouth College in 1955, before depositing them at the MAI. Those materials were officially gifted to NMAI in 2018 by the Hood Museum. Additional materials from the Churchill collection that remained at the Hood Museum (lantern slides, photographs, scrapbooks, journals) were donated in 2020. These materials have been noted in the finding aid.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadbast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Topic:
Boarding schools  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Photographic prints
Photograph albums
Negatives (photographic)
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection, NMAI.AC.058, National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.058
See more items in:
Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv45e31a2d8-afd7-4320-96c7-1f596f51c142
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-058
Online Media:

Point, quartz, Paleoindian

Collector:
James Mooney  Search this
Donor Name:
Bureau Of American Ethnology  Search this
Object Type:
Point
Place:
East Cherokee Reservation, Swain County, North Carolina, United States, North America
Accession Date:
24 Jun 1912
Topic:
Archaeology  Search this
Accession Number:
054237
USNM Number:
A272985-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/39504b678-ede3-40db-b087-3e688e67fb5e
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8070865
Online Media:

Point, quartz, Paleoindian

Collector:
James Mooney  Search this
Donor Name:
Bureau Of American Ethnology  Search this
Object Type:
Point
Place:
East Cherokee Reservation, Swain County, North Carolina, United States, North America
Accession Date:
24 Jun 1912
Topic:
Archaeology  Search this
Accession Number:
054237
USNM Number:
A272986-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/34bce97c4-9336-4b81-9b5c-08f4cfe8ae95
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8070866
Online Media:

Boatstone

Donor Name:
Joseph M. Witherow  Search this
Culture:
Prehistoric  Search this
Object Type:
Boatstone
Place:
Cherokee County, North Carolina, United States, North America
Accession Date:
1882
Topic:
Archaeology  Search this
Accession Number:
011718
USNM Number:
A60099-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3e13afe27-8c98-4ec3-86c7-aa35454c5422
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8305250
Online Media:

Archaeology reports and related material collection

Extent:
111.5 Linear feet
Note:
The collection is stored off-site. Advanced notice is required to view the collection.
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1970 - circa 1990
Scope and Contents:
With the passage of federal environmental and cultural heritage legislation during the 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s, archaeological investigations were required before federal land could be disturbed for construction projects. Reports of these investigations, often conducted by archaeological contactors, were generally published in processed rather than printed form. The multiliths, electrostats, dittographs, and so forth are referred to as "grey literature." Access to them is sometimes difficult because many libraries decline to collect them.

Included are reports on archaeological work in Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, California, Canada (Alberta), Colorado, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Minnesota, Montana, Massachusetts, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Puerto Rico, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennesee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virgin Islands, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, and Wyoming.

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Provenance:
The collection was formed largely from four sources: (1) Smithsonian curators, who received contract archaeology reports and passed them on to the NAA; (2) the NAA, which was on the mailing list of some contractors; (3) the Smithsonian Anthropology Library, which turned over its collection to the archives; (4) the National Park Service archaeology program in Washington, D.C., which also placed its collection in the NAA
Restrictions:
The Archaeology reports and related material collection is open for research.

Access to the Archaeology reports and related material collection requires and appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Citation:
Archaeology reports and related material collection, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.1976-028
See more items in:
Archaeology reports and related material collection
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw337cd7520-8e00-43e8-9ceb-7569cbcd64a5
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-1976-028

Archaeological and Paleo-Osteological Investigations at the Cold Morning Site, New Hanover County, North Carolina

Creator:
Coe, Joffre Lanning  Search this
Ward, H. Trawick  Search this
Graham, Martha  Search this
Navey, Liane  Search this
Holmes, Susan  Search this
Extent:
1 Volume (vii + 93)
Type:
Archival materials
Volumes
Printed material
Place:
North Carolina -- Antiquities
Cold Morning Site (New Hanover County, North Carolina) -- Archeology
Date:
May 1980
Restrictions:
Item in off site storage. Contact archives for information on availability.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Printed material
Citation:
Cite as for book.
See more items in:
Archaeology reports and related material collection
Archaeology reports and related material collection / Reports and related material
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3cd884c84-4c6f-42e0-93e4-676bda669352
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1976-028-ref1254

Archeological Investigations at South Pack Square (31BN235) Asheville, North Carolina

Creator:
Bastian, Beverly E.  Search this
Martin, Terrance J.  Search this
Contributor:
Demeter, C. Stephan  Search this
Taylor, Kent C.  Search this
Extent:
1 Volume (249 pages)
Type:
Archival materials
Volumes
Printed material
Place:
North Carolina -- Antiquities
Pack Square -- Asheville -- Buncombe County -- North Carolina -- Archeology
Date:
August 1986
Restrictions:
Item in off site storage. Contact archives for information on availability.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Printed material
Citation:
Cite as for book.
See more items in:
Archaeology reports and related material collection
Archaeology reports and related material collection / Reports and related material
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3ecf578b3-5dcc-4c6c-ad55-43a0e0627b9b
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1976-028-ref1255

Additional Archaeological Investigations at the Engine Mill House, Reed Gold Mine State Historic Site, Cabarrus County, North Carolina, 31CA18**1

Creator:
Trinkley, Michael  Search this
Extent:
1 Volume (v + 30)
Type:
Archival materials
Volumes
Printed material
Place:
North Carolina -- Antiquities
Reed Gold Mine Engine Mill House -- Cabarrus County -- North Carolina -- Archeology
Date:
March 1988
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Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw366b13867-61cf-4263-84e9-8ef72412d69b
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1976-028-ref1256

An Archaeological Survey of Proposed Development Areas, Cedar Island National Wildlife Refuge, Carteret County, North Carolina

Creator:
Anthony, Ronald W.  Search this
Drucker, Lesley M.  Search this
Extent:
1 Volume (iv + 129)
Type:
Archival materials
Volumes
Printed material
Place:
North Carolina -- Antiquities
Cedar Island National Wildlife Refuge (Carteret County, North Carolina) -- Archeology
Date:
September 1981
Restrictions:
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Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw31eb786c3-990f-4f9a-bf6e-1b1bb72cfc4a
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1976-028-ref1257

A Cultural Resources Reconnaissance and Impact Assessment, Pea Island National Wildlife Refuge, Dare County, North Carolina

Creator:
Thompson, Timothy A.  Search this
Gardner, William M.  Search this
Extent:
1 Volume (iv + 68)
Type:
Archival materials
Volumes
Printed material
Place:
North Carolina -- Antiquities
Pea Island National Wildlife Refuge -- Dare County -- North Carolina -- Archeology
Date:
September 1978
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National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3eec71d59-05e9-400e-8feb-499a70e083a1
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1976-028-ref1258

Archaeological Reconnaissance Level Survey for Michael Mills/Landmark Proposed Land Trade, Atlantic Intra-Coastal Water Way (AIWW), West Onslow Beach, Onslow County, North Carolina

Creator:
Payne, Ted M.  Search this
Extent:
1 Volume (iv + 47)
Type:
Archival materials
Volumes
Printed material
Place:
North Carolina -- Antiquities
Michael Mills/Landmark Project -- Onslow County -- North Carolina -- Archeology
Date:
October 1985
Restrictions:
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Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3296c7a24-d92e-4483-bbe3-9f7a8456cdb9
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1976-028-ref1259

Cultural Resources Reconnaissance for Proposed Flood Control Measures at Cramerton, Gaston County, North Carolina

Creator:
Fischer, Fred W.  Search this
Extent:
1 Volume (ii + 52)
Type:
Archival materials
Volumes
Printed material
Place:
North Carolina -- Antiquities
Cramerton (Gaston County, North Carolina) -- Archeology
Date:
1982
Restrictions:
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National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw35387cad2-d40a-470d-85f6-b11e8173020e
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1976-028-ref1260

An Archaeological Survey of the Clodfelter Property in Beaufort, North Carolina

Creator:
Hargrove, Thomas H.  Search this
Hammond, Michael  Search this
Extent:
1 Volume (13 pages)
Type:
Archival materials
Volumes
Printed material
Place:
North Carolina -- Antiquities
Clodfelter Property (Beaufort, Carteret County, North Carolina) -- Archeology
Date:
1982
Restrictions:
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Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3e65f6dac-29b2-4843-be9a-31470de3fddf
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1976-028-ref1261

Underwater Archaeological Reconnaissance Carolina Beach Inlet, New Hanover County, North Carolina

Creator:
Watts Jr., Gordon P.  Search this
Hargrove, Thomas H.  Search this
Extent:
1 Volume (ii + 42)
Type:
Archival materials
Volumes
Printed material
Place:
North Carolina -- Antiquities
Carolina Beach Inlet (New Hanover County, North Carolina) -- Archeology
Date:
April 1984
Restrictions:
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Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3ba6f5eef-510e-41ea-a855-c636b00fda71
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1976-028-ref1262

An Archeological Overview and Management Plan for the Tarheel Army Missile Plant, Alamance County, North Carolina

Creator:
Smith, Gerald P.  Search this
Hartsell, Kenneth  Search this
Extent:
1 Volume (xi + 31)
Type:
Archival materials
Volumes
Printed material
Place:
North Carolina -- Antiquities
Tarheel Army Missile Plant -- Alamance County -- North Carolina -- Archeology
Date:
May 21, 1984
Restrictions:
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Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3d09476fb-d0ea-4037-ae04-6ce218b3deb3
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1976-028-ref1263

Cost Analysis of Archaeological Activities at Eight Southeastern Sites

Creator:
Dickens, Jr., Roy S.  Search this
Carnes, Linda F.  Search this
France, Linda  Search this
Long, Ann  Search this
Extent:
1 Volume (xii + 119)
Type:
Archival materials
Volumes
Printed material
Place:
North Carolina -- Antiquities
South Carolina -- Antiquities
Georgia -- Antiquities
The Warren Wilson Site (Buncombe County, North Carolina) -- Archeology
The Wall Site (Orange County, North Carolina) -- Archeology
Upper Sauratown Site (Dan River, Stokes County, North Carolina) -- Archeology
The Cold Morning Site (New Hanover County, North Carolina) -- Archeology
The Garden Creek Mound Site (Haywood County, North Carolina) -- Archeology
The Daniels Island Site (Daniels Island, Berkeley County, South Carolina) -- Archeology
Edgewood Site (Atlanta, Georgia) -- Archeology
Third Halifax Jail (Halifax County, North Carolina) -- Archeology
Date:
1986
Restrictions:
Item in off site storage. Contact archives for information on availability.
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Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw368759a42-33d3-4aba-95f0-52f560b0ada4
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1976-028-ref1264

An Appraisal of the Archeological Resources of the Blue Ridge Project, Grayson County, Virginia and Alleghany and Ashe Counties, North Carolina

Creator:
River Basin Surveys  Search this
Extent:
1 Volume (28 pages)
Type:
Archival materials
Volumes
Printed material
Place:
North Carolina -- Antiquities
Virginia -- Antiquities
New River -- Grayson County -- Virginia -- Archeology
New River -- Alleghany County -- North Carolina -- Archeology
New River -- Ashe County -- North Carolina -- Archeology
Date:
September 1965
Restrictions:
Item in off site storage. Contact archives for information on availability.
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Genre/Form:
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Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3b963dea5-18d0-4c7b-bed3-75969814b51c
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1976-028-ref1265

A Phase I Archaeological Survey 31BF115 and 31BF117 and a Phase II Archaeological Survey 31BF115 Texasgulf, Bath Creek, North Carolina

Creator:
Payne, Ted M.  Search this
Dahlin, Bruce H.  Search this
Extent:
1 Volume (vii + 188)
Type:
Archival materials
Volumes
Printed material
Place:
North Carolina -- Antiquities
Site 31BF115 -- Bath Creek -- Beaufort County -- North Carolina -- Archeology
Site 31BF117 -- Bath Creek -- Beaufort County -- North Carolina -- Archeology
Date:
1986
Restrictions:
Item in off site storage. Contact archives for information on availability.
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Genre/Form:
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Citation:
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Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3684d1ecd-3b3c-4bd0-a7af-cbc3dbb25933
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1976-028-ref1266

Archeological Reconnaissance of the Proposed Route of the Tanawha Trail, on the Blue Ridge Parkway in Watauga, Caldwell, and Avery Counties, North Carolina

Creator:
Walker, John W.  Search this
Extent:
1 Volume (10 pages)
Type:
Archival materials
Volumes
Printed material
Place:
North Carolina -- Antiquities
Tanawha Trail -- Blue Ridge Parkway -- Watauga County -- North Carolina -- Archeology
Tanawha Trail -- Blue Ridge Parkway -- Caldwell -- North Carolina -- Archeology
Tanawha Trail -- Blue Ridge Parkway -- Avery County -- North Carolina -- Archeology
Date:
1985
Restrictions:
Item in off site storage. Contact archives for information on availability.
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Genre/Form:
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Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw37f2842fc-c713-48c6-8f6e-ffa4f398529c
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1976-028-ref1267

An Archeological Overview and Assessment of the Blue Ridge Parkway

Creator:
Hammersten, Susan L.  Search this
Extent:
1 Volume (ii + 73)
Type:
Archival materials
Volumes
Printed material
Place:
Virginia -- Antiquities
North Carolina -- Antiquities
Blue Ridge Parkway (Virginia and North Carolina) -- Archeology
Date:
August 1987
Restrictions:
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Genre/Form:
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Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3a1166afc-83df-48b3-aa3f-df1f2505d7dc
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1976-028-ref1589

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