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Records

Topic:
Smithsonian scientific series
North American Wildflowers
Extent:
57.93 cu. ft. (5 record storage boxes) (104 document boxes) (2 half document boxes) (1 12x17 box) (oversize materials)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Clippings
Black-and-white photographs
Date:
1890-1929
Descriptive Entry:
This record unit documents the growth and management of the Smithsonian from 1890 to 1929. Of special interest is the Institution's entry into the field of the fine arts through the creation of the National Gallery of Art and the Freer Gallery of Art. The Smithsonian continued to pursue a wide variety of other interests as well. Thus, the records deal with the following topics, among others: aviation; the American School of Archaeology in China; the Carnegie Institution of Washington, D.C.; the Cinchona Botanical Station, Jamaica; many international congresses; numerous national and international expositions, especially the Panama-California Exposition, 1912-1916, and the Panama-Pacific Exposition at San Francisco, 1914-1915; the George Washington Memorial Association; the Harriman Alaska series; the Kahn Foundation for Foreign Travel of American Teachers; the Koren Expedition to Siberia; the Langley-Wright aerodrome controversy; the Montezuma solar observatory at Calama, Chile; solar observations at Mount Harqua Hala, Arizona, and Mount Wilson, California; the Naples Zoological Station; the National Academy of Sciences; the National Research Council; publication of Mary Vaux Walcott's North American Wildflowers; the Biological Survey of the Panama Canal Zone; the Alfred Duane Pell Collection; the Research Corporation; the Roosevelt African Expedition; seismological studies; the Charles D. and Mary Vaux Walcott Research Fund; the Smithsonian Scientific Series; grants from the Hodgkins Fund; the Langley Aerodynamical Laboratory; and the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics. The records include correspondence, minutes, announcements, publications, fiscal records, photographs, manuscripts, and news clippings.
Historical Note:
These records document the administration of the Smithsonian Institution during the tenure of Charles D. Walcott, its fourth Secretary, who served from 1907 to 1927. This period gave a deceptive appearance of strength to the Institution's life. Walcott himself, perhaps the last of the nineteenth-century scientist-politicians to combine a distinguished scientific reputation and polished ease in the world of political Washington, lent the Institution considerable support from his wide experience and many friends among the powerful of the day. The Institution's staff also boasted an able corps of scientists and senior administrators. Several new programs were developed during these years--the National Gallery of Art (now the National Museum of American Art) and the Freer Gallery of Art, in particular. These two galleries gave the Smithsonian its first real grounding in fine arts and rounded out the vision of the Institution as a place hospitable to all fields of learning.

Yet with the benefit of hindsight, these accomplishments can be seen to have masked real weakness, described either as the Smithsonian's failure to adapt its perception of itself to the changing world or as a lack of money.

When the Smithsonian was created in 1846 the corpus of its endowment was somewhat more than $500,000.00. It had few rivals elsewhere in the country. However, with the growth of large-scale private philanthropy after the Civil War, the Smithsonian's means shrank steadily in comparison to the endowments of leading institutions like the Sheffield Scientific School at Yale or new entrants like Stanford and the University of Chicago. No doubt this situation developed in part because the Smithsonian had no real alumni. It received a few small gifts from well-to-do members of its own staff and one moderate gift from Thomas George Hodgkins, a naturalized English eccentric. For all else it relied on small appropriations from the federal government, for which it performed certain services such as curating the collections of the National Museum. Coupled with meager financial resources was the Regents' suspicion of new and nonscientific endeavors. It is likely, for instance, that the Regents would have refused Charles Lang Freer's gift of a gallery of oriental art in 1906, had Theodore Roosevelt not obliged them to accept it. In the same way, the gift of certain patents on electrostatic precipitators by Frederic G. Cottrell in 1911 was politely shunted onto other shoulders, leaving the Smithsonian a remote beneficiary of the income. The Smithsonian's aloofness was in sharp contrast to the willingness of other institutions to accept such gifts. How this attitude arose is not clear. Perhaps it was an unconscious extension of Joseph Henry's early determination to associate the Smithsonian's name only with "worthy" purposes. However that may be, the Smithsonian was very late in the field in trying to augment its endowment. Walcott had begun to plan a campaign to raise $10,000,000.00--documented in record unit 46--which collapsed with his untimely death in 1927. Thus the Institution was to enter the era of the Depression in very straitened circumstances.
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Museums -- Administration  Search this
Seismology  Search this
Paleontology  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Clippings
Black-and-white photographs
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 45, Smithsonian Institution, Office of the Secretary, Records
Identifier:
Record Unit 45
See more items in:
Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru0045

Folders 2-8 North American Wildflowers, correspondence, 1922-1924. These folders document the production of a portfolio entitled North American Wildflowers painted from nature by Mary Vaux Walcott, wife of Charles D. Walcott, while accompanying her hu...

Container:
Box 42 of 112
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 45, Smithsonian Institution, Office of the Secretary, Records
See more items in:
Records
Records / Series 1: CORRESPONDENCE, 1890-1929. Arranged alphabetically and chronologically. / Box 42
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0045-refidd1e7447

Minutes

Extent:
8.70 cu. ft. (9 document boxes) (7 12x17 boxes) (1 16x20 box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Date:
1846-1995
Descriptive Entry:
These records are the official minutes of the Board. They are compiled at the direction of the Secretary of the Smithsonian, who is also secretary to the Board, after approval by the Regents' Executive Committee and by the Regents themselves. The minutes are edited, not a verbatim account of proceedings. For reasons unknown, there are no manuscript minutes for the period from 1857 through 1890; and researchers must rely on printed minutes published in the Annual Report of the Smithsonian Institution instead. Minutes are transferred regularly from the Secretary's Office to the Archives. Minutes less than 15 years old are closed to researchers. Indexes exist for the period from 1907 to 1946 and can be useful.
Historical Note:
The Smithsonian Institution was created by authority of an Act of Congress approved August 10, 1846. The Act entrusted direction of the Smithsonian to a body called the Establishment, composed of the President; the Vice President; the Chief Justice of the United States; the secretaries of State, War, Navy, Interior, and Agriculture; the Attorney General; and the Postmaster General. In fact, however, the Establishment last met in 1877, and control of the Smithsonian has always been exercised by its Board of Regents. The membership of the Regents consists of the Vice President and the Chief Justice of the United States; three members each of the Senate and House of Representatives; two citizens of the District of Columbia; and seven citizens of the several states, no two from the same state. (Prior to 1970 the category of Citizen Regents not residents of Washington consisted of four members). By custom the Chief Justice is Chancellor. The office was at first held by the Vice President. However, when Millard Fillmore succeeded to the presidency on the death of Zachary Taylor in 1851, Chief Justice Roger Brooke Taney was chosen in his stead. The office has always been filled by the Chief Justice since that time.

The Regents of the Smithsonian have included distinguished Americans from many walks of life. Ex officio members (Vice President) have been: Spiro T. Agnew, Chester A. Arthur, Allen W. Barkley, John C. Breckenridge, George Bush, Schuyler Colfax, Calvin Coolidge, Charles Curtis, George M. Dallas, Charles G. Dawes, Charles W. Fairbanks, Millard Fillmore, Gerald R. Ford, John N. Garner, Hannibal Hamlin, Thomas A. Hendricks, Garret A. Hobart, Hubert H. Humphrey, Andrew Johnson, Lyndon B. Johnson, William R. King, Thomas R. Marshall, Walter F. Mondale, Levi P. Morton, Richard M. Nixon, Nelson A. Rockefeller, Theodore Roosevelt, James S. Sherman, Adlai E. Stevenson, Harry S. Truman, Henry A. Wallace, William A. Wheeler, Henry Wilson.

Ex officio members (Chief Justice) have been: Roger B. Taney, Salmon P. Chase, Nathan Clifford, Morrison R. Waite, Samuel F. Miller, Melville W. Fuller, Edward D. White, William Howard Taft, Charles Evans Hughes, Harlan F. Stone, Fred M. Vinson, Earl Warren, Warren E. Burger.

Regents on the part of the Senate have been: Clinton P. Anderson, Newton Booth, Sidney Breese, Lewis Cass, Robert Milledge Charlton, Bennet Champ Clark, Francis M. Cockrell, Shelby Moore Cullom, Garrett Davis, Jefferson Davis, George Franklin Edmunds, George Evans, Edwin J. Garn, Walter F. George, Barry Goldwater, George Gray, Hannibal Hamlin, Nathaniel Peter Hill, George Frisbie Hoar, Henry French Hollis, Henry M. Jackson, William Lindsay, Henry Cabot Lodge, Medill McCormick, James Murray Mason, Samuel Bell Maxey, Robert B. Morgan, Frank E. Moss, Claiborne Pell, George Wharton Pepper, David A. Reed, Leverett Saltonstall, Hugh Scott, Alexander H. Smith, Robert A. Taft, Lyman Trumbull, Wallace H. White, Jr., Robert Enoch Withers.

Regents on the part of the House of Representatives have included: Edward P. Boland, Frank T. Bow, William Campbell Breckenridge, Overton Brooks, Benjamin Butterworth, Clarence Cannon, Lucius Cartrell, Hiester Clymer, William Colcock, William P. Cole, Jr., Maurice Connolly, Silvio O. Conte, Edward E. Cox, Edward H. Crump, John Dalzell, Nathaniel Deering, Hugh A. Dinsmore, William English, John Farnsworth, Scott Ferris, Graham Fitch, James Garfield, Charles L. Gifford, T. Alan Goldsborough, Frank L. Greene, Gerry Hazleton, Benjamin Hill, Henry Hilliard, Ebenezer Hoar, William Hough, William M. Howard, Albert Johnson, Leroy Johnson, Joseph Johnston, Michael Kirwan, James T. Lloyd, Robert Luce, Robert McClelland, Samuel K. McConnell, Jr., George H. Mahon, George McCrary, Edward McPherson, James R. Mann, George Perkins Marsh, Norman Y. Mineta, A. J. Monteague, R. Walton Moore, Walter H. Newton, Robert Dale Owen, James Patterson, William Phelps, Luke Poland, John Van Schaick Lansing Pruyn, B. Carroll Reece, Ernest W. Roberts, Otho Robards Singleton, Frank Thompson, Jr., John M. Vorys, Hiram Warner, Joseph Wheeler.

Citizen Regents have been: David C. Acheson, Louis Agassiz, James B. Angell, Anne L. Armstrong, William Backhouse Astor, J. Paul Austin, Alexander Dallas Bache, George Edmund Badger, George Bancroft, Alexander Graham Bell, James Gabriel Berrett, John McPherson Berrien, Robert W. Bingham, Sayles Jenks Bowen, William G. Bowen, Robert S. Brookings, John Nicholas Brown, William A. M. Burden, Vannevar Bush, Charles F. Choate, Jr., Rufus Choate, Arthur H. Compton, Henry David Cooke, Henry Coppee, Samuel Sullivan Cox, Edward H. Crump, James Dwight Dana, Harvey N. Davis, William Lewis Dayton, Everette Lee Degolyer, Richard Delafield, Frederic A. Delano, Charles Devens, Matthew Gault Emery, Cornelius Conway Felton, Robert V. Fleming, Murray Gell-Mann, Robert F. Goheen, Asa Gray, George Gray, Crawford Hallock Greenwalt, Nancy Hanks, Caryl Parker Haskins, Gideon Hawley, John B. Henderson, John B. Henderson, Jr., A. Leon Higginbotham, Jr., Gardner Greene Hubbard, Charles Evans Hughes, Carlisle H. Humelsine, Jerome C. Hunsaker, William Preston Johnston, Irwin B. Laughlin, Walter Lenox, Augustus P. Loring, John Maclean, William Beans Magruder, John Walker Maury, Montgomery Cunningham Meigs, John C. Merriam, R. Walton Moore, Roland S. Morris, Dwight W. Morrow, Richard Olney, Peter Parker, Noah Porter, William Campbell Preston, Owen Josephus Roberts, Richard Rush, William Winston Seaton, Alexander Roby Shepherd, William Tecumseh Sherman, Otho Robards Singleton, Joseph Gilbert Totten, John Thomas Towers, Frederic C. Walcott, Richard Wallach, Thomas J. Watson, Jr., James E. Webb, James Clarke Welling, Andrew Dickson White, Henry White, Theodore Dwight Woolsey.
Topic:
Museums -- Administration  Search this
Museum trustees  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 1, Smithsonian Institution. Board of Regents, Minutes
Identifier:
Record Unit 1
See more items in:
Minutes
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru0001
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  • View Minutes digital asset number 1

North American Wildflowers

Associated Name:
Walcott, Mary Vaux  Search this
Maker; original artist:
Walcott, Mary Vaux  Search this
Maker; publisher:
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Maker:
Rudge, William Edwin  Search this
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
ink (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 36.5 cm x 29 cm; 14 3/8 in x 11 7/16 in
Object Name:
Prints, set of (4)
photomechanical relief
Object Type:
Smithsonian Process
Date made:
circa 1975
Subject:
Birds  Search this
Smithsonian  Search this
ID Number:
2008.0090.23
Accession number:
2008.0090
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Graphic Arts
Communications
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ac-6809-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1340454

Conference on the Future of the Smithsonian, Smithsonian Library Exhibit

Creator:
Olmsted, Arthur J  Search this
Subject:
Walcott, Mary Vaux 1860-1940  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Building (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Libraries  Search this
Physical description:
Gelatin silver prints;
Type:
Black-and-white photographs
Date:
1927
February 11, 1927
Topic:
Exhibitions  Search this
Congresses and conventions  Search this
Botany  Search this
Local number:
SIA RU000095 [SIA_000095_B41_F09_026]
Restrictions & Rights:
No access restrictions. Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu
No Copyright - United States
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_401615
Online Media:

Walcott's Skoki Mountain Camp

Author:
Walcott, Charles D (Charles Doolittle) 1850-1927  Search this
Walcott, Mary Vaux 1860-1940  Search this
Physical description:
Number of Images: 1; Color: Black and white; Size: Neg. 4" x 5" film ; Type of Image: Landscape; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Landscape
Place:
Alberta
Canada
Banff National Park (Alta.)
Canadian Rockies (B.C. and Alta.)
Skokie Mountain
Canadian Rockies
Skokie Mountain Camp
Date:
1925
Topic:
Alberta, Canada  Search this
Canada  Search this
Camp sites, facilities, etc  Search this
Camps  Search this
National parks and reserves  Search this
Snow  Search this
Scientific expeditions  Search this
Standard number:
Walcott 1504d
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_11352

Walcott's Skoki Mountain Camp

Author:
Walcott, Charles D (Charles Doolittle) 1850-1927  Search this
Walcott, Mary Vaux 1860-1940  Search this
Physical description:
Number of Images: 1; Color: Black and white; Size: Neg. 4" x 5" film; Type of Image: Landscape; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Landscape
Place:
Alberta
Canada
Banff National Park (Alta.)
Canadian Rockies (B.C. and Alta.)
Skokie Mountain
Canadian Rockies
Skokie Mountain Camp
Date:
1925
Topic:
Alberta, Canada  Search this
Camp sites, facilities, etc  Search this
Camps  Search this
Canada  Search this
National parks and reserves  Search this
Snow  Search this
Scientific expeditions  Search this
Standard number:
Walcott 1505
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_11353

Walcott's Skoki Mountain Camp

Author:
Walcott, Charles D (Charles Doolittle) 1850-1927  Search this
Walcott, Mary Vaux 1860-1940  Search this
Physical description:
Number of Images: 1; Color: Black and white; Size: Neg. 4" x 5" film; Type of Image: Landscape; person, candid; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Landscape
Person, candid
Place:
Alberta
Canada
Banff National Park (Alta.)
Canadian Rockies (B.C. and Alta.)
Skokie Mountain
Canadian Rockies
Skokie Mountain Camp
Date:
1925
Topic:
Alberta, Canada  Search this
Canada  Search this
Camp sites, facilities, etc  Search this
Camps  Search this
National parks and reserves  Search this
Snow  Search this
Scientific expeditions  Search this
Standard number:
Walcott 1505b
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_11355

View of Snow Covered Trees Near Walcott's Skoki Mountain Camp

Author:
Walcott, Charles D (Charles Doolittle) 1850-1927  Search this
Walcott, Mary Vaux 1860-1940  Search this
Physical description:
Number of Images: 1; Color: Black and white; Size: Neg. 4" x 5" film; Type of Image: Landscape; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Landscape
Place:
Alberta
Canada
Banff National Park (Alta.)
Canadian Rockies (B.C. and Alta.)
Skokie Mountain
Canadian Rockies
Skokie Mountain Camp
Date:
1925
Topic:
Alberta, Canada  Search this
Canada  Search this
Camp sites, facilities, etc  Search this
Camps  Search this
National parks and reserves  Search this
Snow  Search this
Scientific expeditions  Search this
Standard number:
Walcott 1505c
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_11356

View of Snow Covered Trees Near Walcott's Skoki Mountain Camp

Author:
Walcott, Charles D (Charles Doolittle) 1850-1927  Search this
Walcott, Mary Vaux 1860-1940  Search this
Physical description:
Number of Images: 1; Color: Black and white; Size: 4" x 5" film; Type of Image: Landscape; Medium: Photographic print
Place:
Alberta
Canada
Banff National Park (Alta.)
Canadian Rockies (B.C. and Alta.)
Skokie Mountain
Canadian Rockies
Skokie Mountain Camp
Date:
1925
Topic:
Alberta, Canada  Search this
Canada  Search this
National parks and reserves  Search this
Snow  Search this
Scientific expeditions  Search this
Standard number:
1505d
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_11359

View of Snow Covered Trees Near Walcott's Skoki Mountain Camp

Author:
Walcott, Charles D (Charles Doolittle) 1850-1927  Search this
Walcott, Mary Vaux 1860-1940  Search this
Physical description:
Number of Images: 1; Color: Black and white; Size: Neg. 4" x 5" film; Type of Image: Landscape; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Landscape
Place:
Alberta
Canada
Banff National Park (Alta.)
Canadian Rockies (B.C. and Alta.)
Skokie Mountain
Canadian Rockies
Skokie Mountain Camp
Date:
1925
Topic:
Alberta, Canada  Search this
Canada  Search this
National parks and reserves  Search this
Snow  Search this
Scientific expeditions  Search this
Standard number:
Walcott 1505e
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_11360

View of Fossil Mountain after August 21, 1925 Snowstorm

Author:
Walcott, Charles D (Charles Doolittle) 1850-1927  Search this
Walcott, Mary Vaux 1860-1940  Search this
Physical description:
Number of Images: 1; Color: Black and white; Size: Neg. 4" x 5" film; Type of Image: Landscape; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Landscape
Place:
Alberta
Canada
Banff National Park (Alta.)
Canadian Rockies (B.C. and Alta.)
Fossil Mountain
Canadian Rockies
Skokie Mountain
Skokie Mountain Camp
Date:
1925
Topic:
Alberta, Canada  Search this
Canada  Search this
National parks and reserves  Search this
Snow  Search this
Scientific expeditions  Search this
Standard number:
Walcott 1506
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_11361

Looking Northwest up to the Head of Johnston Canyon

Author:
Walcott, Charles D (Charles Doolittle) 1850-1927  Search this
Walcott, Mary Vaux 1860-1940  Search this
Physical description:
Number of Images: 1; Color: Black and white; Size: Neg. 4" x 5" film; Type of Image: Landscape; Medium: Photographic print
Place:
Alberta
Canada
Banff National Park (Alta.)
Canadian Rockies (B.C. and Alta.)
Castle Mountain
Canadian Rockies
Johnston Canyon
Date:
1925
Topic:
Canada  Search this
Snow  Search this
National parks and reserves  Search this
Scientific expeditions  Search this
Standard number:
Walcott 1507
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_11362

Looking Northwest up to the Head of Johnston Canyon

Author:
Walcott, Charles D (Charles Doolittle) 1850-1927  Search this
Walcott, Mary Vaux 1860-1940  Search this
Physical description:
Number of Images: 1; Color: Black and white; Size: Neg. 4" x 5" film; Type of Image: Landscape; Medium: Photographic print
Place:
Alberta
Canada
Banff National Park (Alta.)
Canadian Rockies (B.C. and Alta.)
Castle Mountain
Canadian Rockies
Johnston Canyon
Date:
1925
Topic:
Canada  Search this
Snow  Search this
National parks and reserves  Search this
Scientific expeditions  Search this
Standard number:
Walcott 1507a
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_11363

Looking Northwest up to the Head of Johnston Canyon

Author:
Walcott, Charles D (Charles Doolittle) 1850-1927  Search this
Walcott, Mary Vaux 1860-1940  Search this
Physical description:
Number of Images: 1; Color: Black and white; Size: Neg. 4" x 5" film Type of Image: Landscape Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Landscape
Place:
Alberta
Canada
Banff National Park (Alta.)
Canadian Rockies (B.C. and Alta.)
Castle Mountain
Canadian Rockies
Johnston Canyon
Date:
1925
Topic:
Canada  Search this
Snow  Search this
National parks and reserves  Search this
Scientific expeditions  Search this
Standard number:
Walcott 1507b
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_11364

North American Wildflowers Published

Subject:
Walcott, Mary Vaux 1860-1940  Search this
Date:
1926
Topic:
Art objects  Search this
Botany  Search this
Museum publications  Search this
Watercolor painting  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_696

Records

Topic:
Smithsonian scientific series
North American Wildflowers
World is yours (Radio program)
Creator::
Smithsonian Institution. Office of the Secretary  Search this
Extent:
78.77 cu. ft. (65 record storage boxes) (1 half document box) (90 3x5 boxes) (1 oversize folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Black-and-white photographs
Black-and-white negatives
Serials (publications)
Maps
Clippings
Manuscripts
Architectural drawings
Date:
1925-1949
Descriptive Entry:
This record unit traces the operation of the Smithsonian from 1925 to 1949. It contains records from the last years of Secretary Charles D. Walcott's administration, perhaps most notably the ambitious but abortive fund raising campaign to add $10,000,000.00 to the Smithsonian's endowment. The Depression and consequent cut-backs in government support are also present in the records, as well as Smithsonian contributions to World War II, which naturally had a significant impact on operations as well. Smithsonian bureaus that were created, enlarged, or significantly changed during these years, and which are represented here, include the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory; the National Gallery of Art (now the Smithsonian American Art Museum); the National Gallery of Art created from the gift of Andrew Mellon; the National Zoological Park; the National Air and Space Museum; and the Canal Zone Biological Area (now the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute). Secretary Charles G. Abbot, whose tenure these records chiefly document, found his job complicated by the effects of the Depression and World War II. The principal event of his administration was Andrew Mellon's gift of a national art museum. Abbot created a Division of Radiation and Organisms within the Astrophysical Observatory, which he had directed and which remained his chief interest. He was also able to use Works Progress Administration funds to produce major improvements at the National Zoological Park. The Smithsonian maintained its ties with the National Academy of Sciences, the Carnegie Institution, the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics, the National Research Council, the National Geographic Society, and similar organizations. During World War II the Smithsonian was instrumental in operating the Ethnogeographic Board, and co-operated with the Office of Scientific Research and Development. Topics in these records include: the Johnson-Smithsonian Expedition to the Puerto Rico Trench, 1932; the Eighth American Scientific Congress, Washington, 1940; the Smithsonian Scientific Series; North American Wildflowers; the Langley-Wright controversy; the River Basin Survey; the abortive design competition for a museum of modern art, won by Eliel and Eero Saarinen and Robert Swanson; "The World Is Yours" radio programs; Robert H. Goddard's rocket research; the Langley Medal; private funding for the Smithsonian, particularly the Tamblyn and Brown plans for a 1927 campaign and the associated 1927 Conference on the Future of the Smithsonian; and Abbot's research in solar radiation and climatic studies.
Historical Note:
These records document the administrations of the Smithsonian Institution during the last years of Charles D. Walcott's administration, circa, 1925-1927; the tenure of Charles G. Abbot, his successor, 1927-1944; and a portion of the administration of Alexander Wetmore, circa 1944.
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Depressions -- 1929  Search this
Museums -- Administration  Search this
Langley Medal  Search this
Radiation  Search this
Climatology  Search this
Museums -- Public relations  Search this
Genre/Form:
Black-and-white photographs
Black-and-white negatives
Serials (publications)
Maps
Clippings
Manuscripts
Architectural drawings
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 46, Smithsonian Institution, Office of the Secretary, Records
Identifier:
Record Unit 46
See more items in:
Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru0046

North American Wildflowers Prints

Topic:
North American Wild Flowers (Monograph : 1925)
Creator::
Walcott, Mary Vaux, 1860-1940  Search this
Extent:
2.4 cu. ft. (1 half document box) (5 12x17 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Date:
1925
Descriptive Entry:
This accession consists of five volumes of special prints of original paintings of North American Wildflowers by Mary Vaux Walcott, wife of Charles D. Walcott. The volumes, North American Wild Flowers, were published in 1925 by the Smithsonian Institution and sold in two editions.
Topic:
Wild flowers  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 92-006, Walcott, Mary Vaux, 1860-1940, North American Wildflowers Prints
Identifier:
Accession 92-006
See more items in:
North American Wildflowers Prints
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-fa92-006

Box 1

Collection Creator::
Walcott, Mary Vaux, 1860-1940  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 92-006, Walcott, Mary Vaux, 1860-1940, North American Wildflowers Prints
See more items in:
North American Wildflowers Prints
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa92-006-refidd1e169

Volume I

Collection Creator::
Walcott, Mary Vaux, 1860-1940  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 6
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 92-006, Walcott, Mary Vaux, 1860-1940, North American Wildflowers Prints
See more items in:
North American Wildflowers Prints
North American Wildflowers Prints / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa92-006-refidd1e176

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