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Headdress

Culture/People:
probably Nisga'a (Niska) (attributed)  Search this
Previous owner:
William Ockleford Oldman (W.O. Oldman/William Ockelford Oldman), Non-Indian, 1879-1949  Search this
Seller:
William Ockleford Oldman (W.O. Oldman/William Ockelford Oldman), Non-Indian, 1879-1949  Search this
MAI agent:
George Gustav Heye (GGH), Non-Indian, 1874-1957  Search this
Object Name:
Headdress
Media/Materials:
Wood
Techniques:
Carved, painted
Object Type:
Ceremonial/Ritual items
Place:
Skeena-Queen Charlotte Regional District, Kitimat-Stikine Regional District; British Columbia; Canada
Catalog Number:
3/4793
Barcode:
034793.000
See related items:
Nisga'a (Niska)
Ceremonial/Ritual items
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_37231
Online Media:

James E. Curry papers

Correspondent:
Paul, William L. Jr  Search this
Creator:
Curry, James E., 1907-1972  Search this
Names:
Rosebud Sioux Tribe  Search this
Three Affiliated Tribes  Search this
United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs  Search this
Bingham, Jonathan  Search this
Cohen, Felix  Search this
Cohen, Henry  Search this
Extent:
121.7 Linear feet
Culture:
Potawatomi  Search this
Muckleshoot  Search this
Nooksack  Search this
Missouria (Missouri)  Search this
Kalispel (Pend d'Oreilles)  Search this
Coeur d'Alene  Search this
Sac and Fox (Sauk & Fox)  Search this
Haida [Kasaan]  Search this
Salish (Flathead)  Search this
Kiowa  Search this
Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik) [Gambell, St. Lawrence Island]  Search this
Hunkpapa Lakota [Standing Rock]  Search this
Sicangu Lakota (Brulé Sioux)  Search this
Wahpetonwan Dakota [Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Tribe]  Search this
Mdewakantonwan Dakota [Flandreau]  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Yavapai [Fort McDowell]  Search this
Mojave (Mohave)  Search this
Piipaash (Maricopa)  Search this
Iroquois  Search this
Wendat (Huron)  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Santa Ana Pueblo  Search this
Cocopa  Search this
San Ildefonso Pueblo  Search this
Akimel O'odham (Pima)  Search this
San Felipe Pueblo  Search this
Tohono O'odham (Papago)  Search this
Paiute  Search this
Wesort  Search this
Tillamook  Search this
Nisga'a (Niska)  Search this
Stockbridge Mahican  Search this
Quinault  Search this
Lummi Indians  Search this
Walapai  Search this
Blackfeet  Search this
Taos -- Pyote clan  Search this
Tesuque  Search this
Shawnee -- Eastern  Search this
Shoshoni -- Fort Hall  Search this
Sandia Pueblo  Search this
Seminole -- Florida -- Oklahoma  Search this
Dakota -- Big Foot  Search this
Dakota -- Cheyenne River  Search this
Coeur d'Alene Indians  Search this
Croatan  Search this
Choctaw Indians  Search this
Cocopa Indians  Search this
Chickahominy  Search this
Chippewa -- Lac Courte Oreilles  Search this
Cheyenne -- Northern -- Southern  Search this
Bannock -- Fort Hall  Search this
Alaskan natives  Search this
Aleut (Akutan, Pribilof Islands)  Search this
Fort Sill Apache  Search this
San Carlos Apache  Search this
Arapaho -- Oklahoma  Search this
Dakota -- Crow Creek  Search this
Yuma  Search this
Isleta Indians  Search this
Caddo Indians  Search this
Winnebago Indians  Search this
Yavapai Indians  Search this
Delaware Indians  Search this
Sauk Indians  Search this
Washo Indians  Search this
Nez Percé Indians  Search this
Seneca  Search this
Omaha  Search this
Menominee Indians  Search this
Comanche Indians  Search this
Seri Indians  Search this
Sia  Search this
Yaqui Indians  Search this
Crow Indians  Search this
Creek Indians  Search this
Mandan Indians  Search this
Hidatsa Indians  Search this
Arikara Indians  Search this
Osage Indians  Search this
Chickasaw Indians  Search this
Umatilla Indians  Search this
Kansa Indians  Search this
Tsimshian [Metlakatla]  Search this
Tlingit -- Angoon -- Craig -- Juneau -- Kake -- Ketchikan -- Klawak -- Klukwan -- Taku -- Wrangell  Search this
Ute -- Uintah-Ouray  Search this
Laguna Indians  Search this
Jemez Indians  Search this
Colville Indians  Search this
Havasupai Indians  Search this
Kutenai Indians  Search this
Klamath Indians  Search this
Kickapoo Indians  Search this
Oto Indians  Search this
Spokan  Search this
Yakama Indians  Search this
Zuni Indians  Search this
Ohkay Owingeh (San Juan Pueblo)  Search this
Cochiti Pueblo  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Notes
Letters
Clippings
Legal documents
Place:
Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians of North Carolina
Santa Clara
Date:
1932-1958
Summary:
These are the papers of Washington, D.C. attorney James E. Curry, whose legal career included work both as a government attorney and in his own private practice. The bulk of the papers reflect his private practice in the area of Indian affairs.
Scope and Contents:
The material in the collection includes documents relating to many aspects of Curry's career but most of it relates to his work with Indian tribes and the National Congress of American Indians. For the most, the collection is made up of such materials as letters exchanged with government officials, Indians, and other attorneys; copies of legal documents; published government documents; notes; and clippings and other printed materials. Of particular significance is a subject file relating to Indian affairs. It includes material concerning affairs of Alaskan natives and the Aleut (Akutan, Pribilof Islands), Apache (including Fort Sill, Jicarilla, Mescalero, San Carlos White Mountain), Arapaho (Southern), Assiniboine (Fort Belknap, Fort Peck), Bannock (including Fort Hall), Blackfeet, Caddo, Catawba, Cherokee (Eastern), Cheyenne (Northern, Southern), Chickahominy, Chickasaw, Chippewa (including Lac Courte Oreilles), Choctaw, Cochiti, Cocopa, Coeur d'Alene, Colville, Comanche, Creek, Croatan, Crow, Dakota (Big Foot, Cheyenne River, Crow Creek, Devil's Lake, Flandreau, Fort Totten, Lower Brule, Mdewakanton, Oglala, Rosebud, Santee, Sisseton-Wahpeton, Standing Rock, Yankton), Delaware, Eskimo (including Gambell, Kiana), Flathead, Fox, Haida (including Kasaan), Havasupai, Hopi, Iroquois (Caughnawaga, Seneca, St. Regis), Isleta, Jemez, Kalilspel, Kansa (Kaw), Kickapoo, Kiowa, Klamath, Kutenai, Laguna, Lummi, Maricopa (Gila River, Salt River), Menominee, Missouria, Mohave (Fort Mohave), Mohave Apache (Fort McDowell), Muckleshoot, Navaho, Nez Perce, Niska, Nooksak, Omaha, Osage, Oto, Papago, Paiute (Fallon, Fort McDermitt), Moapa, Pyramid Lake, Shivwits, Walker River, Yerington), Pima (Gila River, Salt River), Potowatomi, Quinaielt, San Felipe, San Ildefonso, San Juan, Santa Ana, Santa Clara, Sandia, Sauk, Seminole (Florida, Oklahoma), Seneca, Seri, Shawnee (Eastern), Shoshoni (including Fort Hall), Sia, Spokan, Stockbridge, Taos (Pyote clan), Tesuque, Three Affiliated Tribes (Mandan, Arikara, and Hidatsa), Tillamook, Tlingit (including Angoon, Craig, Juneau, Kake, Ketchikan, Klawak, Klukwan, Taku, Wrangell), Tsimshian (Metlakatla), Umatilla, Ute (including Uintah-Ouray), Walapai, Washo, Wesort, Winnebago, Wyandot, Yakima, Yaqui, Yavapai, Yuma, and Zuni. There are also materials relating to Curry's work with the Bureau of Indian Affairs and National Congress of American Indians, and material that reflects his interest in conditions and events in given locations (often filed by state) and in organizations with interest in Indians. The material relating to Curry's work in Puerto Rico has been deposited in the Archivo General de Puerto Rico, Instituto de Cultura Puertorriquena, in San Juan.
Arrangement note:
The James E. Curry Papershave been arranged into 6 series: (1) Daily Chronological Files, 1941-1955; (2) Subject Files Regarding Indian Affairs, bulk 1935-1955; (3) Miscellaneous Files Regarding Indian Affairs, bulk 1947-1953; (4) Non-Indian Affairs, n.d.; (5) Puerto Rico Work, 1941-1947; (6) Miscellany, undated.
Biographical/Historical note:
James E. Curry was trained in law in Chicago and practiced in that city from 1930 until 1936, serving part of that time as secretary of the local branch of the American Civil Liberties Union. From 1936 to 1938, he was an attorney with the United States Department of the Interior Bureau of Indian Affairs, being largely involved with matters of credit affecting Indians. From 1938 to 1942, he continued service with the Interior Department but worked in several capacities involving the Puerto Rico Reconstruction Administration, the department's Consumers' Counsel Division, and the Puerto Rico Water Resources Authority.

In 1945, Curry returned to Washington and set up private practice, also maintaining for a time an office in Puerto Rico. In Washington, he became the attorney for the National Congress of American Indians and from that time until the 1950s his practice increasingly involved representation of American Indian tribes, mostly in claims against the federal government. In this work, for a time, he was involved in business relations with a New York Law firm that included Henry Cohen, Felix Cohen, and Jonathan Bingham.

He also often worked closely with lawyers who lived near the tribes he represented, William L. Paul, Jr., of Alaska, for example. This aspect of his practice--representing Indian tribes--was largely broken up during the early 1950s when the Commissioner of Indian Affairs began to use his powers to disapprove contracts between Curry and the tribes. In 1952 and 1953, his official relationship with the National Congress of American Indians was also ended. After this, while Curry continued until his death to act as a consultant in Indian claims with which he had earlier been involved, his career and life developed in a different direction.
Related Materials:
Additional material relating to James E. Curry can be found in the records of the National Congress of American Indians, also located at the National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center.
Provenance:
The Curry papers were originally donated to the National Anthropological Archives by James E. Curry's daughter Mrs. Aileen Curry-Cloonan in December 1973. In 2007 The Curry papers were transferred from the National Anthropological Archives to the National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center along with several other records concerning American Indian law and political rights.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadbast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Topic:
Indian claims  Search this
American Indians -- Credit  Search this
Catawba Indians  Search this
Genre/Form:
Notes
Letters
Clippings
Legal documents
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); James E. Curry papers, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.015
See more items in:
James E. Curry papers
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-015

Shaman's charm/amulet (Image withheld)

Culture/People:
Nisga'a (Niska)  Search this
Collector:
George Thornton Emmons (George T. Emmons/G.T. Emmons), Non-Indian, 1852-1945  Search this
Previous owner:
George Thornton Emmons (George T. Emmons/G.T. Emmons), Non-Indian, 1852-1945  Search this
Seller:
George Thornton Emmons (George T. Emmons/G.T. Emmons), Non-Indian, 1852-1945  Search this
Object Name:
Shaman's charm/amulet (Image withheld)
Media/Materials:
Ivory
Techniques:
Carved, incised
Object Type:
Ceremonial/Ritual items: Shamanic objects
Place:
Nass River; Aiyansh; Kitimat-Stikine Regional District; British Columbia; Canada
Catalog Number:
1/4345
Barcode:
014345.000
See related items:
Nisga'a (Niska)
Ceremonial/Ritual items: Shamanic objects
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_15025

Shaman's charm/amulet (Image withheld)

Culture/People:
Nisga'a (Niska)  Search this
Collector:
George Thornton Emmons (George T. Emmons/G.T. Emmons), Non-Indian, 1852-1945  Search this
Previous owner:
George Thornton Emmons (George T. Emmons/G.T. Emmons), Non-Indian, 1852-1945  Search this
Seller:
George Thornton Emmons (George T. Emmons/G.T. Emmons), Non-Indian, 1852-1945  Search this
Object Name:
Shaman's charm/amulet (Image withheld)
Media/Materials:
Bear tooth/teeth
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Ceremonial/Ritual items: Shamanic objects
Place:
Nass River; Kitladamax (Kitlakdamik, Kit-lagh-damoks, Gitlarhdamks, Menesk); Kitimat-Stikine Regional District; British Columbia; Canada
Catalog Number:
1/4349
Barcode:
014349.000
See related items:
Nisga'a (Niska)
Ceremonial/Ritual items: Shamanic objects
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_15029

Shaman's crown (Image withheld)

Culture/People:
Nisga'a (Niska)  Search this
Collector:
George Thornton Emmons (George T. Emmons/G.T. Emmons), Non-Indian, 1852-1945  Search this
Previous owner:
George Thornton Emmons (George T. Emmons/G.T. Emmons), Non-Indian, 1852-1945  Search this
Seller:
George Thornton Emmons (George T. Emmons/G.T. Emmons), Non-Indian, 1852-1945  Search this
Object Name:
Shaman's crown (Image withheld)
Media/Materials:
Copper, hide, hide thong/babiche
Techniques:
Stitched
Object Type:
Ceremonial/Ritual items: Shamanic objects
Place:
Nass River; Aiyansh; Kitimat-Stikine Regional District; British Columbia; Canada
Catalog Number:
1/4202
Barcode:
014202.000
See related items:
Nisga'a (Niska)
Ceremonial/Ritual items: Shamanic objects
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_14867

Shaman's rattle (Image withheld)

Culture/People:
Nisga'a (Niska)  Search this
Collector:
George Thornton Emmons (George T. Emmons/G.T. Emmons), Non-Indian, 1852-1945  Search this
Previous owner:
George Thornton Emmons (George T. Emmons/G.T. Emmons), Non-Indian, 1852-1945  Search this
Seller:
George Thornton Emmons (George T. Emmons/G.T. Emmons), Non-Indian, 1852-1945  Search this
Object Name:
Shaman's rattle (Image withheld)
Media/Materials:
Wood
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Ceremonial/Ritual items: Shamanic objects
Place:
Nass River; Kitladamax (Kitlakdamik, Kit-lagh-damoks, Gitlarhdamks, Menesk); Kitimat-Stikine Regional District; British Columbia; Canada
Date created:
1840-1860
Catalog Number:
1/4185
Barcode:
014185.000
See related items:
Nisga'a (Niska)
Ceremonial/Ritual items: Shamanic objects
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_15263
Online Media:

Shaman's crown (Image withheld)

Culture/People:
Nisga'a (Niska)  Search this
Collector:
George Thornton Emmons (George T. Emmons/G.T. Emmons), Non-Indian, 1852-1945  Search this
Previous owner:
George Thornton Emmons (George T. Emmons/G.T. Emmons), Non-Indian, 1852-1945  Search this
Seller:
George Thornton Emmons (George T. Emmons/G.T. Emmons), Non-Indian, 1852-1945  Search this
Object Name:
Shaman's crown (Image withheld)
Media/Materials:
Caribou antler, hide, hide thong/babiche
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Ceremonial/Ritual items: Shamanic objects
Place:
Nass River; Kitladamax (Kitlakdamik, Kit-lagh-damoks, Gitlarhdamks, Menesk); Kitimat-Stikine Regional District; British Columbia; Canada
Catalog Number:
1/4198
Barcode:
014198.000
See related items:
Nisga'a (Niska)
Ceremonial/Ritual items: Shamanic objects
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_14863

Shaman's mask (Image withheld)

Culture/People:
Nisga'a (Niska)  Search this
Collector:
George Thornton Emmons (George T. Emmons/G.T. Emmons), Non-Indian, 1852-1945  Search this
Previous owner:
George Thornton Emmons (George T. Emmons/G.T. Emmons), Non-Indian, 1852-1945  Search this
Seller:
George Thornton Emmons (George T. Emmons/G.T. Emmons), Non-Indian, 1852-1945  Search this
Presenter/funding source:
Harmon W. Hendricks (Harmon Washington Hendricks), Non-Indian, 1846-1928  Search this
Object Name:
Shaman's mask (Image withheld)
Media/Materials:
Wood, birch wood, paint
Techniques:
Carved, painted
Object Type:
Ceremonial/Ritual items: Shamanic objects
Place:
Nass River; Kitimat-Stikine Regional District; British Columbia; Canada
Catalog Number:
11/5421
Barcode:
115421.000
See related items:
Nisga'a (Niska)
Ceremonial/Ritual items: Shamanic objects
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_124434

Shaman's charm/amulet (Image withheld)

Culture/People:
Nisga'a (Niska)  Search this
Collector:
George Thornton Emmons (George T. Emmons/G.T. Emmons), Non-Indian, 1852-1945  Search this
Previous owner:
George Thornton Emmons (George T. Emmons/G.T. Emmons), Non-Indian, 1852-1945  Search this
Seller:
George Thornton Emmons (George T. Emmons/G.T. Emmons), Non-Indian, 1852-1945  Search this
Object Name:
Shaman's charm/amulet (Image withheld)
Media/Materials:
Animal Bone
Techniques:
Carved, incised
Object Type:
Ceremonial/Ritual items: Shamanic objects
Place:
Nass River; Kitladamax (Kitlakdamik, Kit-lagh-damoks, Gitlarhdamks, Menesk); Kitimat-Stikine Regional District; British Columbia; Canada
Catalog Number:
1/4314
Barcode:
014314.000
See related items:
Nisga'a (Niska)
Ceremonial/Ritual items: Shamanic objects
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_14972

Shaman's rattle (Image withheld)

Culture/People:
Nisga'a (Niska)  Search this
Possible collector:
George Thornton Emmons (George T. Emmons/G.T. Emmons), Non-Indian, 1852-1945  Search this
Previous owner:
George Thornton Emmons (George T. Emmons/G.T. Emmons), Non-Indian, 1852-1945  Search this
Seller:
George Thornton Emmons (George T. Emmons/G.T. Emmons), Non-Indian, 1852-1945  Search this
Presenter/funding source:
James Bishop Ford (James B. Ford), Non-Indian, 1844-1928  Search this
Harmon W. Hendricks (Harmon Washington Hendricks), Non-Indian, 1846-1928  Search this
Object Name:
Shaman's rattle (Image withheld)
Media/Materials:
Wood, hide thong/babiche
Techniques:
Carved, perforated, tied
Object Type:
Ceremonial/Ritual items: Shamanic objects
Place:
Lower Nass River; Kitimat-Stikine Regional District; British Columbia; Canada
Catalog Number:
9/7994
Barcode:
097994.000
See related items:
Nisga'a (Niska)
Ceremonial/Ritual items: Shamanic objects
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_105803

Shaman's mask (Image withheld)

Culture/People:
Nisga'a (Niska)  Search this
Collector:
George Thornton Emmons (George T. Emmons/G.T. Emmons), Non-Indian, 1852-1945  Search this
Previous owner:
George Thornton Emmons (George T. Emmons/G.T. Emmons), Non-Indian, 1852-1945  Search this
Seller:
George Thornton Emmons (George T. Emmons/G.T. Emmons), Non-Indian, 1852-1945  Search this
Object Name:
Shaman's mask (Image withheld)
Media/Materials:
Wood
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Ceremonial/Ritual items: Shamanic objects
Place:
Nass River; Aiyansh; Kitimat-Stikine Regional District; British Columbia; Canada
Date created:
1850-1900
Catalog Number:
1/4238
Barcode:
014238.000
See related items:
Nisga'a (Niska)
Ceremonial/Ritual items: Shamanic objects
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_14903
Online Media:

Shaman's rattle (Image withheld)

Culture/People:
Nisga'a (Niska)  Search this
Collector:
George Thornton Emmons (George T. Emmons/G.T. Emmons), Non-Indian, 1852-1945  Search this
Previous owner:
George Thornton Emmons (George T. Emmons/G.T. Emmons), Non-Indian, 1852-1945  Search this
Seller:
George Thornton Emmons (George T. Emmons/G.T. Emmons), Non-Indian, 1852-1945  Search this
Object Name:
Shaman's rattle (Image withheld)
Media/Materials:
Wood, sheepskin (domestic sheep)
Techniques:
Carved
Dimensions:
31 x 17 cm
Object Type:
Ceremonial/Ritual items: Shamanic objects
Place:
Nass River; Aiyansh; Kitimat-Stikine Regional District; British Columbia; Canada
Date created:
1840-1860
Catalog Number:
1/4184
Barcode:
014184.000
See related items:
Nisga'a (Niska)
Ceremonial/Ritual items: Shamanic objects
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_15262

Grave marker (Image withheld)

Culture/People:
Gitlakdamix Nisga'a  Search this
Previous owner:
C. Marius Barbeau (Charles Marius Barbeau/Marius Barbeau), Non-Indian, 1883-1969  Search this
Seller:
C. Marius Barbeau (Charles Marius Barbeau/Marius Barbeau), Non-Indian, 1883-1969  Search this
Object Name:
Grave marker (Image withheld)
Media/Materials:
Stone
Techniques:
Carved, painted
Dimensions:
119.0 x 37.2 x 3.8 cm
Object Type:
Ceremonial/Ritual items
Place:
Nass River; Kitladamax (Kitlakdamik, Kit-lagh-damoks, Gitlarhdamks, Menesk); Kitimat-Stikine Regional District; British Columbia; Canada
Catalog Number:
17/6256
Barcode:
176256.000
See related items:
Gitlakdamix Nisga'a
Ceremonial/Ritual items
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_188690

Shaman's charm/amulet (Image withheld)

Culture/People:
Nisga'a (Niska)  Search this
Collector:
George Thornton Emmons (George T. Emmons/G.T. Emmons), Non-Indian, 1852-1945  Search this
Previous owner:
George Thornton Emmons (George T. Emmons/G.T. Emmons), Non-Indian, 1852-1945  Search this
Seller:
George Thornton Emmons (George T. Emmons/G.T. Emmons), Non-Indian, 1852-1945  Search this
Object Name:
Shaman's charm/amulet (Image withheld)
Media/Materials:
Antler, abalone/haliotis shell
Techniques:
Carved, inlaid, incised
Object Type:
Ceremonial/Ritual items: Shamanic objects
Place:
Nass River; Kitimat-Stikine Regional District; British Columbia; Canada
Catalog Number:
10/4584
Barcode:
104584.000
See related items:
Nisga'a (Niska)
Ceremonial/Ritual items: Shamanic objects
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_112822

Shaman's puppet (Image withheld)

Culture/People:
Nisga'a (Niska)  Search this
Collector:
George Thornton Emmons (George T. Emmons/G.T. Emmons), Non-Indian, 1852-1945  Search this
Previous owner:
George Thornton Emmons (George T. Emmons/G.T. Emmons), Non-Indian, 1852-1945  Search this
Seller:
George Thornton Emmons (George T. Emmons/G.T. Emmons), Non-Indian, 1852-1945  Search this
Object Name:
Shaman's puppet (Image withheld)
Media/Materials:
Wood, human hair, cotton cloth, paint
Techniques:
Carved, painted
Object Type:
Ceremonial/Ritual items: Shamanic objects
Place:
Nass River; Aiyansh; Kitimat-Stikine Regional District; British Columbia; Canada
Date created:
1840-1860
Catalog Number:
1/4170
Barcode:
014170.000
See related items:
Nisga'a (Niska)
Ceremonial/Ritual items: Shamanic objects
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_15247

Shaman's charm/amulet (Image withheld)

Culture/People:
Nisga'a (Niska)  Search this
Collector:
George Thornton Emmons (George T. Emmons/G.T. Emmons), Non-Indian, 1852-1945  Search this
Previous owner:
George Thornton Emmons (George T. Emmons/G.T. Emmons), Non-Indian, 1852-1945  Search this
Seller:
George Thornton Emmons (George T. Emmons/G.T. Emmons), Non-Indian, 1852-1945  Search this
Object Name:
Shaman's charm/amulet (Image withheld)
Media/Materials:
Animal Bone
Techniques:
Carved, incised, drilled
Object Type:
Ceremonial/Ritual items: Shamanic objects
Place:
Nass River; Kitladamax (Kitlakdamik, Kit-lagh-damoks, Gitlarhdamks, Menesk); Kitimat-Stikine Regional District; British Columbia; Canada
Catalog Number:
1/4316
Barcode:
014316.000
See related items:
Nisga'a (Niska)
Ceremonial/Ritual items: Shamanic objects
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_14974

Shaman's charm/amulet (Image withheld)

Culture/People:
Nisga'a (Niska)  Search this
Possible collector:
George Thornton Emmons (George T. Emmons/G.T. Emmons), Non-Indian, 1852-1945  Search this
Previous owner:
George Thornton Emmons (George T. Emmons/G.T. Emmons), Non-Indian, 1852-1945  Search this
Seller:
George Thornton Emmons (George T. Emmons/G.T. Emmons), Non-Indian, 1852-1945  Search this
Presenter/funding source:
James Bishop Ford (James B. Ford), Non-Indian, 1844-1928  Search this
Harmon W. Hendricks (Harmon Washington Hendricks), Non-Indian, 1846-1928  Search this
Object Name:
Shaman's charm/amulet (Image withheld)
Media/Materials:
Ivory, abalone/haliotis shell
Techniques:
Carved, incised, inlaid
Object Type:
Ceremonial/Ritual items: Shamanic objects
Place:
Nass River; Kitimat-Stikine Regional District; British Columbia; Canada
Catalog Number:
9/7962
Barcode:
097962.000
See related items:
Nisga'a (Niska)
Ceremonial/Ritual items: Shamanic objects
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_105771

Shaman's rattle (Image withheld)

Culture/People:
Nisga'a (Niska)  Search this
Collector:
George Thornton Emmons (George T. Emmons/G.T. Emmons), Non-Indian, 1852-1945  Search this
Previous owner:
George Thornton Emmons (George T. Emmons/G.T. Emmons), Non-Indian, 1852-1945  Search this
Seller:
George Thornton Emmons (George T. Emmons/G.T. Emmons), Non-Indian, 1852-1945  Search this
Object Name:
Shaman's rattle (Image withheld)
Media/Materials:
Wood, paint
Techniques:
Carved, painted
Object Type:
Ceremonial/Ritual items: Shamanic objects
Place:
Upper Nass River; Kitimat-Stikine Regional District; British Columbia; Canada
Date created:
1840-1860
Catalog Number:
11/3846
Barcode:
113846.000
See related items:
Nisga'a (Niska)
Ceremonial/Ritual items: Shamanic objects
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_122696

Shaman's clothing/garment ornament (Image withheld)

Culture/People:
Nisga'a (Niska)  Search this
Possible collector:
George Thornton Emmons (George T. Emmons/G.T. Emmons), Non-Indian, 1852-1945  Search this
Previous owner:
George Thornton Emmons (George T. Emmons/G.T. Emmons), Non-Indian, 1852-1945  Search this
Seller:
George Thornton Emmons (George T. Emmons/G.T. Emmons), Non-Indian, 1852-1945  Search this
Presenter/funding source:
James Bishop Ford (James B. Ford), Non-Indian, 1844-1928  Search this
Harmon W. Hendricks (Harmon Washington Hendricks), Non-Indian, 1846-1928  Search this
Object Name:
Shaman's clothing/garment ornament (Image withheld)
Media/Materials:
Animal tooth/teeth
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Ceremonial/Ritual items: Shamanic objects
Place:
Nass River; Kitimat-Stikine Regional District; British Columbia; Canada
Catalog Number:
9/7958
Barcode:
097958.000
See related items:
Nisga'a (Niska)
Ceremonial/Ritual items: Shamanic objects
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_105767

Shaman's charm/amulet (Image withheld)

Culture/People:
Nisga'a (Niska)  Search this
Collector:
George Thornton Emmons (George T. Emmons/G.T. Emmons), Non-Indian, 1852-1945  Search this
Previous owner:
George Thornton Emmons (George T. Emmons/G.T. Emmons), Non-Indian, 1852-1945  Search this
Seller:
George Thornton Emmons (George T. Emmons/G.T. Emmons), Non-Indian, 1852-1945  Search this
Object Name:
Shaman's charm/amulet (Image withheld)
Media/Materials:
Deer antler
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Ceremonial/Ritual items: Shamanic objects
Place:
Nass River; Kitladamax (Kitlakdamik, Kit-lagh-damoks, Gitlarhdamks, Menesk); Kitimat-Stikine Regional District; British Columbia; Canada
Catalog Number:
1/4353
Barcode:
014353.000
See related items:
Nisga'a (Niska)
Ceremonial/Ritual items: Shamanic objects
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_15033

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