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Inf. Maxillary Of Deer For Charm

Collector:
Stephen Powers  Search this
Donor Name:
Stephen Powers  Search this
Culture:
Nisenan  Search this
Object Type:
Charm
Place:
Placer County, California, United States, North America
Accession Date:
1876
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
004856
USNM Number:
E21416-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3bf1b255a-c21d-4971-b099-ecd2ebc48e51
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8360891
Online Media:

Botanical Specimen: Madaria Food Seeds

Collector:
Stephen Powers  Search this
Donor Name:
Stephen Powers  Search this
Culture:
Nisenan  Search this
Object Type:
Botanical
Place:
Placer County / Bear River, California, United States, North America
Accession Date:
1876
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
004856
USNM Number:
E21435-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/39b219b09-d856-49ae-9358-eabb7e422d79
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8360925
Online Media:

Indian Salt Roasted

Collector:
Stephen Powers  Search this
Donor Name:
Stephen Powers  Search this
Culture:
Nisenan  Search this
Object Type:
Mineral
Place:
Not Given, Placer County / Bear River, California, United States, North America
Accession Date:
1876
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
004856
USNM Number:
E21451-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/35900dcbe-810c-44c1-97fe-525816a55204
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8360983
Online Media:

Dunning Sticks

Collector:
Stephen Powers  Search this
Donor Name:
Stephen Powers  Search this
Culture:
Nisenan  Search this
Object Type:
Dunning Stick
Place:
Placer County / Bear River, California, United States, North America
Accession Date:
1876
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
004856
USNM Number:
E21454-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/39d785d45-a603-44c4-9bda-4687dd1cf916
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8360986
Online Media:

Charm, Bow And Arrow And Feather Of Sacred Bird

Collector:
Stephen Powers  Search this
Donor Name:
Stephen Powers  Search this
Culture:
Nisenan  Search this
Object Type:
Charm
Place:
Placer County / Bear River, California, United States, North America
Accession Date:
1876
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
004856
USNM Number:
E21455-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3bbd4b9df-3cbc-4efb-a466-bf5842ca0e8b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8360987
Online Media:

Bark, Perforated By Woodpeckers

Collector:
Stephen Powers  Search this
Donor Name:
Stephen Powers  Search this
Culture:
Nisenan  Search this
Object Type:
Botanical
Place:
Placer County / Bear River, California, United States, North America
Accession Date:
1876
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
004856
USNM Number:
E21457-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3bd87c747-822a-45e7-84d6-c93c61a55d44
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8360990
Online Media:

Milkweed Fibre For Strings etc.

Collector:
Stephen Powers  Search this
Donor Name:
Stephen Powers  Search this
Culture:
Nisenan  Search this
Object Type:
Line
Place:
Placer County / Bear River, California, United States, North America
Accession Date:
1876
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
004856
USNM Number:
E21459-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/374e81be0-c1ef-4b0e-aabf-581c70349e28
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8361006
Online Media:

Ralph Leon Beals papers

Creator:
Beals, Ralph L. (Ralph Leon), 1901-1985  Search this
Names:
American Anthropological Association -- ethics  Search this
Inter-American Society of Anthropology and Geography  Search this
Social Science Research Council. Committee on Cross-Cultural Education  Search this
University of California, Los Angeles. Department of Anthropology and Sociology  Search this
Bacon, Elizabeth  Search this
Barney, R. A.  Search this
Boggs, Stephen Taylor  Search this
Brand, Donald Dilworth  Search this
Broom, Leonard  Search this
Caso, Alfonso, 1896-1970  Search this
Cassady, Ralph C.  Search this
Castenada, Carlos  Search this
De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004  Search this
Depouy, Walter  Search this
Dixon, Keith A.  Search this
DuBois, Cora  Search this
Epling, Carl  Search this
Frantz, Charles  Search this
Goldschmidt, Walter, 1913-2010  Search this
Halpern, Abraham Meyer  Search this
Hammond, Peter Boyd  Search this
Hare, Peter  Search this
Hester, Joseph Aaron, Jr.  Search this
Hoijer, Harry  Search this
Horowitz, Irving Louis  Search this
Hugg, Lee  Search this
Humphrey, Norman D.  Search this
Johnson, Virginia R.  Search this
Kennedy, George  Search this
Kerr, Clark  Search this
Kirchhoff, Paul  Search this
Kroeber, A. L. (Alfred Louis), 1876-1960  Search this
Lessa, William Armand  Search this
Lowie, Robert Harry, 1883-1957  Search this
McCown, T. C.  Search this
Morton, Perry W.  Search this
Murdock, George Peter, 1897-1985  Search this
Nutini, Hugo Gino  Search this
Opler, Marvin K. (Marvin Kaufmann), 1914-1981  Search this
Parsons, Elsie Worthington Clews, 1874-1941  Search this
Rubin de la Borbolla, Daniel F.  Search this
Shevky, Eshrev  Search this
Smith, M. Brewster  Search this
Spier, Leslie, 1893-1961  Search this
Sproul, Robert G.  Search this
Steward, Julian Haynes, 1902-1972  Search this
Strauss, Louise  Search this
Strong, William Duncan, 1899-1962  Search this
Warner, William Lloyd  Search this
Wheeler-Voegelin, Erminie, 1903-1988  Search this
Woodbury, Richard B. (Richard Benjamin), 1917-2009  Search this
Young, Donald R.  Search this
Zeitlin, Jacob  Search this
Extent:
48 Linear feet
Culture:
Mixe  Search this
Cora  Search this
Quechua  Search this
Yoeme (Yaqui)  Search this
Wixarika (Huichol)  Search this
Maidu  Search this
Yoreme (Mayo)  Search this
American Indian -- California  Search this
Tarascan (archaeological culture)  Search this
Nisenan Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Mexican Americans  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
Hick's Camp (California)
Argentina
Peru
Mexico
Date:
1919 - 1970
Summary:
The Beals papers in the National Anthropological Archives include field notes, correspondence, printed materials, copies of historical documents, drafts and final manuscripts of writings, photographs, and cartographic materials. Most relate to research projects and sometimes include materials of colleagues and assistants. Especially notable is the abundant material regarding Oaxaca markets. There are some materials relating to aspects of Beals's career other than his research but they are generally widely distributed throughout the collection. Materials relating to events that happened to occur at the time of certain field work are often interfiled with the material relating to that certain field work.

There are also some personal materials included. Conspicuously missing from the papers are notes on Beals's archeological work, which he has retained. There are relatively few materials relating to his teaching career, although some of the letters exchanged with Alfred Louis Kroeber concern the establishment of anthropology at the University of California at Los Angeles; and correspondence with students in the field concerns teaching as well as research activities. A typesript of notes on the Nisenan are at the Bancroft Library of the University of California at Berkeley. Some of the letters concern Elsie Clews Parsons and Carlos Castenada.
Scope and Contents:
These papers reflect the professional and personal life of Ralph L. Beals (1901-1985), author, anthropologist and professor at the University of California. Included are his research files, correspondence, grant proposals, notes, charts, census material, maps, newspaper clippings, appointment calendars, drafts of published and unpublished writings, photographs and card files.

The bulk of the material relate to his research. Major projects documented in the collection include his studies of a Tarascan community; Mexican students in the United States; indigenous market systems in Oaxaca markets; economic systems in Nayón, Ecuador; land utilization by California Indians; and conditions in Hicks Camp in Southern California. The collection also contains his early research in Mexico during the 1930s as well as a study of kinship relationships undertaken by Beals' students during his residency as visiting professor at the University of Buenos Aires in 1962. Absent from the papers are notes from Beals' archeological work in Cobra Head Wash in Arizona.

A portion of the collection also reflects Beals' literary efforts beginning in the 1920s until later in his life. Throughout his adult lifetime Beals had been actively involved with the publishing world, constantly editing, reviewing, revising, rewriting and submitting for publication articles, speeches, lectures, essays, scholarly papers, and textbooks, in addition to contributing to various symposia, scientific associations and journals.

While there is little material regarding his faculty work at UCLA, some of his professional activities are documented in the collection. Of particular interest is his investigation for the American Anthropological Association into the ethics surrounding the use of anthropologists by government security agencies. The collection also contains files pertaining to his work with international professional societies and universities in Latin America and his service as editor of Acta America, the journal for the now defunct InterAmerican Society for Anthropology. His correspondence documents the development and demise of the organization.

The correspondence series is arranged both alphabetically and chronologically. Correspondents whose letters are included are Ellen Waterbury, Ronald Waterbury, Charlotte Stolmaker, Keith A. Dixon, Clark Kerr, R.G. Sproul, George Kennedy, and William Madsen. Correspondence listed chronologically (1928-78) has not been processed. A cursory review reveals that this includes a great deal of information on Beals' days at the University of California: personal and personnel papers and records, vitae, awards and commendations, salaries, positions held, etc. Some of the letters in the series concern Elsie Clews Parsons and Carlos Castenada.

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Arrangement:
Organization

2. (1) Correspondence, 1928-1980

3. (2) Research proposals, 1936-1977

4. (3) Acta Americana materials, 1942-1963

5. (4) Early Mexican and California studies, 1930-1932, 1936

6. (5) Tarascan project materials, 1939-1941

7. (6) Social science in Latin Amerian materials, 1948-1949

8. (7) Nayon Project, Ecuador materials, 1948-1949

9. (8) Cross-cultural education study materials, 1952-1957

10. (9) California Indians materials, 1945-1955

11. (10) Study of markets in Oaxaca materials, 1938-1973 (most 1960s)

12. (11) Research and ethics materials, 1965-1968

13. (12) Miscellaneous field materials (Hicks Camp and Argentine kinship), 1946-1952, 1963

14. (13) Manuscripts of writings and lectures, 1919-1977

15. (14) Miscellany, 1929-1970

16. (15) Photographs, card files, notebooks, and oversized materials, 1930s-1960s
Biographical Note:
Ralph Leon Beals trained in anthropology at the University of California (Ph.D., 1930) under Robert Lowie, Edward W. Gifford, and Alfred L. Kroeber. After a brief period with the National Park Service, he became an instructor at Berkeley and, in 1936, as an anthropologist, joined the Department of Psychology at the University of California at Los Angeles. He eventually organized the UCLA Department of Anthropology and Sociology and served as its chairman in 1941-1948. He was chairman of the UCLA Department of Anthropology in 1964-1965. In 1969, he became a professor emeritus of the university. Beals' research focused on California, the American Southwest, and Latin America, especially Mexico. During the summer of 1929, he carried out an ethnological survey of the Southern Maidu (Nisenan), working under Kroeber and partly supported by Bureau of American Ethnology Cooperative Ethnological Research funds. In 1937-1938, he was on the Rainbow Bridge-Monument Valley Expedition under the direction of Ansel F. Hall and excavated an archeological site in Cobra Head Wash in Arizona. In 1948-1949, he investigated conditions at Hicks Camp, a Mexican settlement in southern California; and, in 1945-1955, he headed a project for the United States Department of Justice to study traditional land utilization by California Indians. The study related to Indian land claims cases.

Beals' involvement in Mexico goes back to a youthful tramp through Sonora and Sinaloa in 1918-1919 that included a long sojourn with a Mexican family. In 1930-1932, Beals worked with the Yaqui and Mayo; in 1932, with Elsie Clews Parsons, he worked with the Cora and Huichol found at Tepic, Nayarit; and, in 1933, with the western Mixe of Oaxaca. With these groups and with the tribes of northern Mexico in general, he concerned himself with both the ethnography of exiting cultures and the reconstruction of the cultures at the time of contact with Europeans. Given the currents of anthropology, a family background of social concern, his historical interest in cultures long influenced by Europeans, and his observation of rapid change and strong modern economic influences among Indian tribes, Beals came to treat largely with social anthropology, problems of acculturation, and studies useful in applied aspects of anthropology.

In 1938, with Daniel F. Rubín de la Borbolla, Alfonso Caso, John M. Cooper, and Alfred L. Kroeber, Beals took part in a comprehensive multidiscipline study of the Tarascans to help formulate government policies and programs. Beals and several collaborators and assistants carried out ethnographic and social anthropological studies at Cherán. In 1948-1949, Beals studied the economic systems of Nayón, Ecuador, a Quechua village, and cultural and social changes accompanying the shift from a subsistence to marketplace economy. In Buenos Aires in 1963, he collected kinship data from students at the Institute of Sociology. In 1965, he began a detailed study of the large traditional market system of eastern Oaxaca in Mexico. Over a five-year period, many scholars and students assisted Beals.

Beals had active ties with many organizations and gave some extraordinary service. During 1942-1943, he directed a cooperative social science program between Latin American institutions and the Smithsonian Institution, establishing the InterAmerican Society for Anthropology and Geography. From 1943-1948, he edited the Society's journal Acta Americana, initially fulfilling official obligations but, after 1944 and his return to teaching, donating his time for the work. In 1944-1951, he was a collaborator with the Smithsonian's Institute for Social Anthropology.

As a member of the Social Science Research Council from 1946-1962, Beals undertook to study conditions in Latin American social science. In 1952, for the Council's Committee on Cross-Cultural Education, he and Norman D. Humphrey investigated the experiences of Mexican students in the United States. He also served the American Anthropological Association as a member of its executive council from 1947-1949, vice president in 1949, and president in 1950. In 1965, the AAA, concerned with the use of anthropologists by government security agencies, asked Beals to study the ethics involved. Prepared in cooperation with many research scholars, Beals report became the basis for the work of the AAA's ethics committee.

Beals had many other organizational ties and responsibilities. He served as American technical advisor at the First Inter-American Indianists Conference at Patzcuarol, Mexico, in 1939; chairman of the Social Science Research Council Cross-Cultural Education Committee from 1953 to 1960; member of the Society for American Archaeology executive committee from 1954 to 1957; and president of the Southwest Anthropological Association in 1958. He was an editor with the Handbook of Latin American Studies, American Anthropologist, and Notes on Latin American Studies.

Chronology of the life of Ralph Leon Beals

July 19, 1901 -- Born in Pasadena California

1923 -- Married Dorothy Manchester

1926 -- B.A. University of California, Berkeley

1930 -- Ph.D. University of California, Berkeley

1933-1935 -- Museum technician, National Park Service

1935 -- Lecturer, Department of Anthropology, University of California, Berkeley

1936-1938 -- Instructor, University of California, Los Angeles

1937-1941 -- Assistant Professor

1941-1947 -- Associate Professor

1942-1943 -- Director of Latin American Ethnic Studies, Smithsonian Institution

1947-1969 -- Professor of Anthropology

1944-1951 -- Collaborator, Institute of Social Anthropology

1962 -- Visiting Professor, University of Buenos Aires

1969- -- Professor Emeritus

Ralph Leon Beals was trained in anthropology at the University of California at Berkeley under Robert H. Lowie, Edward W. Gifford, and, especially, Alfred Louis Kroeber. After a brief period of work for the National Park Service following graduation, he became an instructor in anthropology at Berkeley and, in 1936, as an anthropologist, joined the Department of Psychology at the University of California at Los Angeles. There he organized the Department of Anthropology and Sociology and served as its chairman in 1941-1948. He was also chairman of the UCLA Department of Anthropology in 1964-1965. In 1969, he became an professor emertius of the university.

Beals's research has focused primarily on California, the American Southwest, and Latin America, especially Mexico. In California, he carried out an ethnological survey of the Southern Maidu (Nisenan) during the summer of 1929, working under Kroeber and supported in part by funds from the Bureau of American Ethnology's Cooperative Ethnological Research program. In 1937-1938, he was a member of the Rainbow Bridge-Monument Valley Expedition under the direction of Ansel F. Hall and excavated an archeological site in Cobra Head Wash in Arizona. In 1948-1949, he studied conditions at Hicks Camp, a Mexican settlement in southern California, and in 1945-1955 Beals headed a project for the

United States Department of Justice to study traditional land utilization by California Indians. The study was related to Indian land claims cases.

Beals's involvement in Mexico can be traced to a 1918-1919 tramp through Sonora and Sinaloa that included a rather long sojourn with a Mexican family. In his later academic interest in the area, he was at the forefront of a movement of American anthropologists and geographers to fill some of the gaps in the ethnographic and archeological knowledge about northern Mexico, of interest largely because it lay in the way of possible influences passing between the American Southwest and the highly developed cultures of Mesoamerica. In 1930-1932, Beals worked among he Yaqui and Mayo; in 1932, with Elsie Clews Parsons , he worked among the Cora and Huichol found at Tepic, Nayarit; and, in 1933,

among the western Mixe of Oaxaca. With these groups and with the tribes of northern Mexico in general, he concerned himself with both the ethnography of contemporary cultures and the reconstruction of the cultures at the time of contact with Whites. Given the current of anthropology of the time, a family background of social concern, his historical interest in cultures with a long history of influence by Europeans, and his witness of rapid change and strong modern economic influences among Indian tribes, Beals came to treat largely with social anthropology, problems of acculturation, and studies useful in applied aspects of anthropology.

In 1938, Beals took part with Daniel Rubin de la Borbolla, Alfonso Caso, John Montgomery Cooper, and Alfred Louis Kroeber in planning a multidisciplinary study of the Tarascans, a project which aimed at a comprehensive examination useful in formulating government policies and programs. Under its auspices, Beals and several collaborators and assistants carried out ethnographic and social anthroplogical studies at Cheran. In 1948-1949, he studied the economic systems of the Quechua village of Nayon, Peru, and cultural and social changes accompanying the shift from a subsistence to a marketplace economy. In 1963, he collected kinship data from students at the Institute of Sociology in Buenos Aires, Argentina. In 1965, he began a detaile.

study of the large, traditional market system of eastern Oaxaca in Mexico. In this latter work, Beals was assisted by many scholars and students over a five-year period.

Beals has had active ties with many organizations concerned with anthropology and the social sciences and to some he has given extraordinary service. During 1942-1943, he was in charge of a program of cooperating in the social sciences between institutions in Latin American and the Smithsonian Institution. In that capacity, he was charged with the establishment of the Inter-American Society for Anthropology and Geography. From 1943-1948, he edited the Society's journal Acta Americana, intially fulfilling official obligations but, after 1944 and his return to teaching, donating his time for the work. He was a collaborator with the Smithsonian's Institute for Social Anthropology in 1944-1951.

A member of the Social Science Research Council from 1946-1962, Beals undertook a study on its behalf of conditions in Latin American social science. In 1952. he carried out a project with Norman D. Humphrey for the Council's Committee on Cross-Cultural Education that involved an investigation of the experiences of Mexican students who were studying in the United States. He also served the American Anthropological Association as a member of its executive council from 1947-1949, vice president in 1949, and president in 1950. In 1965, the AAA, concerned with the use of anthropologists by government security agencies, asked Beals to study the ethics involved in anthropological research and related problems that result from government and.

and other organizational affiliations. Beals's report, prepared with cooperation from many research scholars, became the basis for the work of the AAA's ethics committee.

Beals has had many other organizational ties and responsibilities. He served as technical advisor for the United States delegation to the First Inter-American Indianists Conference at Patzcuarol, Mexico, in 1939; chairman of the Cross-Cultural Education Committee of the Social Science Research council from 1953 to 1960; member of the executive committee of the Society for American Archaeology from 1954 to 1957; and president of the Southwest Anthropological Association in 1958. He also served on several other committees and had editorial duties with the Handbook of Latin American Studies, American Anthropologist, adnNotes on Latin American Studies. He has been honored with several honorary professorhsips at Latin American universities.
Restrictions:
The Ralph Leon Beals papers are open for research. At Ralph Beals' request, his 1930-1933 correspondence were restricted until 2000. These include letters to and from his wife while he was in the field, several letters to his children, and one letter to his mother-in-law. Beals supplied edited copies of the restricted letters for public access. The restrictions have since been lifted, and the edited copies have been retained with the original letters. His field assistants' materials have been restricted for the lifetime of the creators.

Access to the Ralph Leon Beals papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Anthropology -- Applied anthropology  Search this
Markets  Search this
Acta Americana  Search this
Citation:
Ralph Leon Beals papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.1980-54A
See more items in:
Ralph Leon Beals papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3f0c02811-1a1d-4573-9ac1-6306f6f4a3c0
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-1980-54a

Indians and intruders in central California, 1769-1849 by George Harwood Phillips

Title:
Indians and intruders
Author:
Phillips, George Harwood  Search this
Physical description:
xv, 223 pages illustrations 23 cm
Type:
Books
History
Place:
California
Californie
États-Unis
Californie (États-Unis)
Spain
America
Espagne
Amérique
United States, California
Date:
1993
19e siècle
To 1846
1846-1850
Jusqu'à 1846
18e siècle
Topic:
History  Search this
Government relations  Search this
Indiens d'Amérique--Histoire  Search this
Indiens d'Amérique--Relations avec l'État  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
Indians of North America--Government relations  Search this
Colonies--Administration  Search this
Spanish colonies  Search this
Indians of North America--California  Search this
Indians of North America--California--History  Search this
Indians of North America--California--Government relations  Search this
Spain--Colonies--America  Search this
Yokuts Indians--California--History  Search this
Miwok Indians--California--History  Search this
Paiute Indians--California--History  Search this
Kitanemuk Indians  Search this
Kitanemuk Indians--California--History  Search this
Wappo Indians--California--History  Search this
Nisenan Indians--California--History  Search this
Chumashan Indians--California--History  Search this
Tubatulabal Indians--California--History  Search this
Serrano Indians--California--History  Search this
Gabrieleño Indians--California  Search this
Indians of North America--History  Search this
Indiens d'Amérique  Search this
Colonies  Search this
Administration  Search this
Histoire  Search this
Native races  Search this
American Indians--Social conditions--History  Search this
California  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_439679

C. Hart Merriam photographs of Native Americans

Creator:
Merriam, C. Hart (Clinton Hart), 1855-1942  Search this
Photographer:
Boysen Studio  Search this
Diller, J. S.  Search this
Harrington, John Peabody, 1884-1961  Search this
Henshaw, Henry W. (Henry Wetherbee), 1850-1930  Search this
Meddaugh, O. E.  Search this
Names:
Muir, John, 1838-1914  Search this
Talbot, Zenaida Merriam (photographer)  Search this
Twain, Mark, 1835-1910  Search this
Extent:
5,000 Items (glass negatives, film negatives, lantern slides, and some prints)
Culture:
Apache  Search this
Athapascan Indians  Search this
Achomawi (Pit River)  Search this
Jicarilla Apache  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Atsugewi (Hat Creek)  Search this
Patwin  Search this
Karuk (Karok)  Search this
Klamath  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Shasta  Search this
Shoshone  Search this
Pomo  Search this
Paiute  Search this
Koso (Panamint) Shoshone  Search this
Akimel O'odham (Pima)  Search this
Kutzadika'a (Mono Paiute)  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Niimíipuu (Nez Perce)  Search this
Ohlone (Costano)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Payómkawichum (Luiseño)  Search this
Maidu  Search this
Mewuk (Miwok)  Search this
Modoc  Search this
Klikitat  Search this
Laguna Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Yana  Search this
Wintu  Search this
Yokuts  Search this
Yokayo Pomo  Search this
Pueblo  Search this
Tolowa  Search this
Taos Indians  Search this
Washo Indians  Search this
Wasco  Search this
Nisenan Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Hupa  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Lantern slides
Photographs
Date:
circa 1902-1938
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs depicting Native American baskets and portraits of Native Americans with whom C. Hart Merriam worked, as well as scenic views and images of animals and plants, mostly in California. Many of the photographs were made by Merriam himself or his daughter Zenaida Merriam Talbot. In addition, Merriam collected photographs from other researchers and photographers, including J. S. Diller, John Peabody Harrington, Henry Wetherbee Henshaw, and O. E. Meddaugh. There are also images acquired from the Boysen Studio of Yosemite and photographs of Mark Twain, John Muir, basketmaker Maggie James, and Merriam's family.
Biographical/Historical note:
Clinton Hart Merriam (1855-1942) was a Columbia University-educated physician who worked as a naturalist, including as head of the Biological Survey for the US Department of Agriculture. He joined the Harriman Alaska Expedition as a zoologist in 1899. In 1910, he left the USDA and began to conduct research among California tribes. Financed by Mary W. Harriman and the E. H. Harriman Fund administered by the Smithsonian, he researched tribes' vocabularies, history, mythology, crafts (particularly basketmaking) until about 1936. His resarch was assisted by his daughter, Zenaida, who took photographs and painted glass slides for him. Merriam served as President of the Anthropological Society of Washington in 1920-1921.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 74-27
General note:
Additional information supplied by Marvin Shodas.
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Merriam's notes held in the National Anthropological Archives in MS 1563 and in the Smithsonian Institution Archives in SIA Acc. 12-264.
Additional photographs by Merriam held in the National Museum of American Indian Archives in the Mary Harriman Rumsey Photograph Collection and the Harriman Alaska Expedition Photograph Collection.
Correspondence from Merriam held in the National Anthropological Archives in MS 4558, the Department of Anthropology records (Manuscript and Pamphlet file), Bureau of American Ethnology records, J.C. Pilling Papers, Ales Hrdlicka Papers, and Jesse Logan Nusbaum Papers.
The Bancroft Library at University of California, Berkeley holds the C. Hart Merriam Papers, C. Hart Merriam Collection of Native American Photographs (prints corresponding to negatives in this collection), and C. Hart Merriam pictorial collection.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Baskets  Search this
Genre/Form:
Lantern slides
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 74-27, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.74-27
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3deff9e69-60c3-4ce5-83a4-22711ef14333
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-74-27

Nisenan/Northern Sierra Miwok

Creator:
Harrington, John Peabody, 1884-1961  Search this
Clark, Charles Upson, 1875-1960  Search this
Names:
Ishi, d. 1916  Search this
Paul Wilhelm, Duke of Württemberg, 1797-1860  Search this
Collection Creator:
Harrington, John Peabody, 1884-1961  Search this
Extent:
1 Boxe
Culture:
Mewuk (Miwok)  Search this
Nisenan Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Field notes
Vocabulary
Genealogies
Maps
Place:
California -- History
Sacramento (Calif.)
Date:
1939
Scope and Contents:
This subseries of the Northern and Central California series contains material that supplement Harrington's research on Nisenan and Northern Sierra Miwok.

A section of Harrington's field notes are based on Prince Paul of Wurttemberg's research on "Hok" (Southwestern Nisenan) dialect and "Kosume" (Northern Sierra Miwok). In 1937 Matthew W. Stirling, chief of the B. A. E., commissioned Charles Upson Clark to conduct research in Stuttgart, Germany, on Prince Paul's expedition of 1849-1851 to the Pacific Coast. A translation of a portion of Clark's journals was sent to Harrington in the field to be reheard with his various informants. The notes are organized on the basis of interviews which Harrington conducted with each informant individually or in small groups. George Nye, described as a speaker of the "Yuba County language," and Lizzie Enos provided the bulk of the data. A variety of Nisenan dialects are represented, including the Northern and Central Hill varieties. Much of the ethnographic information interspersed with the linguistic notes is concerned with Harrington's attempts to locate the Hock Indian mound described by von Wurttemberg. Also included are sketch maps, historical anecdotes, and descriptions of photographs of Sutter's Mill.

Notes from secondary sources consist of handwritten excerpts made by Harrington from various published sources which he evidently found at the Sacramento Public Library. Works by Kroeber, Gudde, and Powers are among those quoted. A few random comments from informants were added to these pages, although for the most part the informants were unfamiliar with the geographical names mentioned in the sources.

This subseries also contains biographical data that Harrington collected on possible informants.These include notes copied by Harrington from social worker rolls made available to him by Winifred Codman. Individuals are listed by county with some genealogical information and assessments of their capabilities in giving linguistic data. Similar information was copied from the files of the Sacramento Indian Agency. These records are followed by a few miscellaneous pages of biographical notes obtained during his interviews.

There are also miscellaneous notes, which include a few comments on phonetics of Maidu and Nisenan and a brief dicussion of the well-known northern California Indian, Ishi.
Biographical / Historical:
In early June 1939 John P. Harrington spent several days examining Prince Paul of Wurttemberg's "account of the Sacramento Valley Indians of California in 1850 and two vocabularies." Using agent Michael Harrison's home at the Sacramento Indian Agency as his headquarters, Harrington made several trips throughout the Sacramento area in search of knowledgeable native speakers. Among those he interviewed were Lizzie Enos of Clipper Gap, Jane Lewis of Auburn rancheria, George Nye of Dobbins, Albert Porter and Henry Hanson of Forest Hill, and Lilly Williams-all Nisenan-and Mike Murray, a ko.ni, who knew Northern Sierra Miwok as well as some Nisenan.

Two particularly helpful sources of nonlinguistic information were Winifred Codman, a social worker in the area, and H. C. Peterson, curator in charge of the centennial celebration of the founding of Sacramento. Harrington also spoke with Mrs. Thomas Edward Holmes, Mrs. Lou Wilson, and Ben Frost.
Local Numbers:
Accession #1976-95
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Northern Sierra Miwok language  Search this
Nisenan language  Search this
Maidu language  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Linguistics  Search this
Ethnology  Search this
Genre/Form:
Field notes
Vocabulary
Genealogies
Maps
Collection Citation:
John Peabody Harrington papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
The preferred citation for the Harrington Papers will reference the actual location within the collection, i.e. Box 172, Alaska/Northwest Coast, Papers of John Peabody Harrington, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.

However, as the NAA understands the need to cite phrases or vocabulary on specific pages, a citation referencing the microfilmed papers is acceptable. Please note that the page numbering of the PDF version of the Harrington microfilm does not directly correlate to the analog microfilm frame numbers. If it is necessary to cite the microfilmed papers, please refer to the specific page number of the PDF version, as in: Papers of John Peabody Harrington, Microfilm: MF 7, R34 page 42.
Identifier:
NAA.1976-95, Subseries 2.6
See more items in:
John Peabody Harrington papers
John Peabody Harrington papers / Series 2: Papers Relating to the Native American history, language and culture of northern and central California
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3931bcf9e-aefc-4c50-890e-c12b3064c26b
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1976-95-ref13251

Supplemental Material on Northern and Central California

Creator:
Harrington, John Peabody, 1884-1961  Search this
Kroeber, A. L. (Alfred Louis), 1876-1960  Search this
Underhill, Ruth, 1883-1984  Search this
Names:
Drake, Francis, 1540?-1596  Search this
Du Bois, Cora Alice, 1903-1991  Search this
Merriam, C. Hart (Clinton Hart), 1855-1942  Search this
Morton, C. V. (Conrad Vernon), 1905-1972  Search this
Uldall, Hans Jørgen, 1907-1957  Search this
Voegelin, C. F. (Charles Frederick), 1906-1986  Search this
Waterman, T. T. (Thomas Talbot), b. 1885  Search this
Collection Creator:
Harrington, John Peabody, 1884-1961  Search this
Extent:
5 Boxes
Culture:
Wiyot  Search this
Yurok  Search this
Mattole  Search this
Nisenan Indians  Search this
Mewuk (Miwok)  Search this
Pomo  Search this
Karuk (Karok)  Search this
Chimariko  Search this
Shasta  Search this
Wailaki  Search this
Achomawi (Pit River)  Search this
Atsugewi (Hat Creek)  Search this
Wintu  Search this
Yana  Search this
Ohlone (Costano)  Search this
Esselen Indians  Search this
Salinan Indians  Search this
Yokuts  Search this
Maidu  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Vocabulary
Field notes
Manuscripts
Place:
California -- Discovery and exploration
Date:
circa 1907-circa 1957
Scope and Contents:
This subseries of the Notes and writings on special linguistic studies series contains material that supplement Harrington's Northern and Central California field notes. There are materials on Wiyot/Yurok/Mattole; Nisenan/Northern Sierra Miwok; Southern Pomo/Central Sierra Miwok; Plains Miwok; Karok/Shasta/Konomihu; Chimariko/Hupa; Wailaki; Achomawi/Atsugewi/Wintu/Yana; Yana/Achomawi/Wintu/Chimariko; Costanoan; Esselen; Salinan; and Yokuts. The files include notes Harrington collected from the field, covering linguistic, botanical, biographical, geographical, and ethnographic topics; notes from rehearings; notes and drafts from his papers; notes on his travels and activities; and notes from secondary sources, including field notes from Alfred Kroeber and other colleagues and notes on Sir Francis Drake's travels in California. Some of his botanical notes include scientific identifications and comments by botanist C. V. Morton of the National Herbarium. The Karok section contains labels for Karok baskets housed in the collections of the Smithsonian Institution's Department of Anthropology.

There are also some general and miscellaneous materials, notes relating to collections of artifacts, notes relating to mission records, notes from conversations, notes from secondary sources, and notes and writings collected from others. Miscellaneous material includes lists of possible informants for a number of California languages, bibliographic references, notes on boats, a list of captions for Harrington's paper "Chainfern and Maidenhair, Adornment Materials of Northwestern California Basketry," a tracing of a map labeled "Plano de la Mision San Jose, 1824," additional references to that mission, and a text. The papers contain references to the Hupa, Maidu, and Yurok tribes. Notes on artifacts pertain to collections held by others, including the George Heye collection of artifacts for the Modoc, Klamath, Pomo, Tolowa, Hupa, and Yurok tribes. Notes from conversations includes interviews with Cora DuBois, C. Hart Merriam, Carl F. Voegelin, and T.T. Waterman. Notes from his meeting with Dr. J.W. Hudson are the most extensive. The last file in the subseries consists of notes from a meeting with Ruth Underhill on January 10, 1941, and a notebook which Harrington evidently obtained from her at that time. The notebook contains class notes from a course on Maidu which Underhill had taken at Columbia University in 1932 with Hans Jorgen Uldall. Included are information on phonetics and grammar and a number of texts.
Local Numbers:
Accession #1976-95
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Linguistics  Search this
Ethnology  Search this
Grammar, Comparative and general  Search this
Names, Geographical  Search this
Names, Ethnological  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Wiyot language  Search this
Yurok language  Search this
Mattole language  Search this
Nisenan language  Search this
Miwok languages  Search this
Karok language  Search this
Shasta language  Search this
Konomihu language  Search this
Chimariko language  Search this
Hupa language  Search this
Achomawi language  Search this
Atsugewi language  Search this
Wintu language  Search this
Yana language  Search this
Ohlone language  Search this
Esselen language  Search this
Salinan language  Search this
Yokuts language  Search this
Meskwaki; Sauk & Fox  Search this
Karuk  Search this
Achumawi  Search this
Genre/Form:
Vocabulary
Field notes
Manuscripts
Collection Citation:
John Peabody Harrington papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
The preferred citation for the Harrington Papers will reference the actual location within the collection, i.e. Box 172, Alaska/Northwest Coast, Papers of John Peabody Harrington, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.

However, as the NAA understands the need to cite phrases or vocabulary on specific pages, a citation referencing the microfilmed papers is acceptable. Please note that the page numbering of the PDF version of the Harrington microfilm does not directly correlate to the analog microfilm frame numbers. If it is necessary to cite the microfilmed papers, please refer to the specific page number of the PDF version, as in: Papers of John Peabody Harrington, Microfilm: MF 7, R34 page 42.
Identifier:
NAA.1976-95, Subseries 8.2
See more items in:
John Peabody Harrington papers
John Peabody Harrington papers / Series 8: Notes and Writings on Special Linguistic Studies
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw30cfeef45-d96e-4d0f-b57c-8ea915d225b3
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1976-95-ref15214
Online Media:

Portrait of Captain Tom, from Auburn, California, in Partial Native Dress

Creator:
Chase, Alexander W.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (002 in x 004 in mounted on 002 in x 004 in)
Container:
Box V:2, Folder 3-4
Culture:
Maidu  Search this
Nisenan Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
1874
Scope and Contents:
Hareskin Robe with Gopher Tails, Flicker Quill Headband, Stick with Red Woodpecker Scalps, and Abalone Gorget
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.01527500

OPPS NEG.56771
Local Note:
Black and white photoprint on standard card
Place:
California -- Auburn ?
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 24 SPC Calif Maidu NM No # 01527500, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects / Series 1: America north of Mexico / California / Maidu
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3032eaa4c-8542-4175-ad34-22b4e80a1d94
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-24-ref15081

Portrait of Captain Tom's Wife Wearing 10-Yard Necklace of 1160 Clamshell Money Beads, and Deerskin Girdle and Headdress with Abalone Pendants

Creator:
Chase, Alexander W.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (002 in x 004 in mounted on 002 in x 004 in)
Container:
Box V:2, Folder 3-4
Culture:
Maidu  Search this
Nisenan Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
1874
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.01527600

OPPS NEG.56772
Local Note:
Black and white photoprint on standard card
Place:
California -- Auburn ?
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 24 SPC Calif Maidu NM No # 01527600, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects / Series 1: America north of Mexico / California / Maidu
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw31d607c11-40d1-4f72-ae76-d4dc7c8e148d
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-24-ref15082

Portrait of Captain Tom's Daughter Wearing Abalone Shell Necklace, and Deerskin Girdle and Headband with Abalone Pendant

Creator:
Chase, Alexander W.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (002 in x 004 in mounted on 002 in x 004 in)
Container:
Box V:2, Folder 3-4
Culture:
Maidu  Search this
Nisenan Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
1874
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.01527700

OPPS NEG.BAE 2854 A
Local Note:
Black and white photoprint on standard card
Place:
California -- Auburn ?
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 24 SPC Calif Maidu NM No # 01527700, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects / Series 1: America north of Mexico / California / Maidu
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw396c019e3-573b-45f3-aa6d-61f0d902e827
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-24-ref15083

Portrait of Captain Tom's Son Wearing Yellow Hammer (flicker?) Feathers Headband, Abalone Gorget, and Belt with Abalone Pendants

Creator:
Chase, Alexander W.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (002 in x 004 in mounted on 002 in x 004 in)
Container:
Box V:2, Folder 3-4
Culture:
Maidu  Search this
Nisenan Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
1874
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.01527800

OPPS NEG.56770
Local Note:
Black and white photoprint on standard card
Place:
California -- Auburn ?
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 24 SPC Calif Maidu NM No # 01527800, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects / Series 1: America north of Mexico / California / Maidu
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3d687c640-e4fc-41c8-9007-5aea7a28cbe5
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-24-ref15084

Harry Fonseca, 1946-2006 [Folder]

Contents:
Folder(s) may include exhibition announcements, newspaper and/or magazine clippings, press releases, brochures, reviews, invitations, illustrations, resumes, artist's statements, exhibition catalogs.
Culture:
Indians of North America  Search this
Nationality:
Maidu (Nisenan), Native Hawaiian  Search this
Topic:
Artists  Search this
Native Americans  Search this
Location:
Art & Artist files at the Smithsonian American Art Museum/ National Portrait Gallery Library
Art & Artist files at the National Museum of the American Indian Library
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILAF_23026

Feather Blanket

Collector:
Lt. Augustus L. Case  Search this
Donor Name:
United States Exploring Expedition  Search this
Length - Object:
160 cm
Width - Object:
114 cm
Culture:
Nisenan  Search this
Object Type:
Blanket
Place:
Sacramento River, California, United States, North America
Accession Date:
1858
Collection Date:
1841
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
66A00050
USNM Number:
E2119-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/31db36cc5-fec1-42ef-b488-42fb13065c49
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8360160

The Nisenan : dialects & districts of a speech community / by Sheri Jean Tatsch

Author:
Tatsch, Sheri Jean  Search this
Physical description:
x, 496 leaves : ill., maps ; cm
Type:
Books
Date:
2006
Topic:
Nisenan language--Dialects  Search this
Maidu language--History  Search this
Call number:
PM2026.N2594 T38 2006a
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_822996

Photographs of Harry Fonseca artwork

Creator:
Fonseca, Harry , 1946-2006  Search this
Extent:
15 Copy negatives
429 Copy color slides
Culture:
Nisenan Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Copy negatives
Copy color slides
Photographs
Date:
circa 1989
Scope and Contents note:
Images of art pieces by Harry Fonseca, many of which depict his representation of the mythical figure Coyote. Included are copies of the 115 color slides Fonseca used in his lecture at the Smithsonian in 1989. There are also images of his "Stone Poems" series, each Smithsonian-exhibited piece, and views of the exhibit as a whole.
Biographical/Historical note:
Harry Fonseca is a Nisenan Maidu artist who was influenced by basketry designs, his experience as a Maidu dancer, and creation stories and myths. In 1979, he started his Coyote series, which depicts Coyote the trickster in non-traditional settings. Fonseca lectured on his work at the Smithsonian on February 9, 1989 as part of an exhibition of his art in the National Museum of Natural History.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 89-25
Reproduction Note:
Copy slides and negatives made by Smithsonian Institution, 1989.
Location of Other Archival Materials:
The National Museum of the American Indian holds two paintings by Fonseca.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
This copy collection has been obtained for reference purposes only. Contact the repository for terms of use and access.
Topic:
Exhibitions  Search this
Works of art  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 89-25, Photographs of Harry Fonseca artwork, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.89-25
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3ec9ae54d-ef32-40e2-8cd9-52c3e6189e16
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-89-25

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