Photographs relating to the Japanese Red Cross Society (Nihon Sekijūjisha) of Tokyo, Japan, used in an exhibit at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition in St. Louis, Missouri, in 1904. It includes images of the Hakuai Maru, a Red Cross Hospital ship; Japanese Red Cross Society relief staff aboard the ship; the Tokyo headquarters of the Red Cross Society; two nurses with hospital equipment; and a ceremony in front of the Japanese Red Cross Society Hospital. Photographs of relief staff and nurses were possibly made to commemorate the 25th anniversary of the society's founding.
The Yegi-Honten Studio was Yegi M.'s main studio, based in Awajicho, Kanda district. The studio was responsible for some of Japan's exhibit photographs at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition (1904).
The Japanese Red Cross Society was founded by Count Tsunetami Sano in 1877. Originally known as Hakuaisha, it was intended to provide relief aid during the Satsuma Rebellion of that year. The organization provided medical supplies, rescue measures, and social work services. It was renamed the Japanese Red Cross Society in 1887.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 86-35, USNM ACC 44415
Data furnished by Chang-su Houchins, of the Department of Anthropology. She consulted Niho kokugo daijiten (Encyclopaedia of the Japanese Language) and Clark Worswick, Japan Photographs, 1854-1905, 1979.
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Artifacts from the Japanese Red Cross Society's exhibit at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition held in the Department of Anthropology collections in accession 44415.
The collection is open for research.
Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Photo lot 86-35, Yegi-Honten studio photographs relating to the Japanese Red Cross Society of Tokyo, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution