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Oral history interview with Mischa Richter, 1994 September 27-28

Interviewee:
Richter, Mischa, 1910-2001  Search this
Interviewer:
Brown, Robert F  Search this
Subject:
Barnet, Will  Search this
Bloom, Hyman  Search this
Levine, Jack  Search this
Reinhardt, Ad  Search this
Steig, William  Search this
Zimmerman, Harold K.  Search this
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston  Search this
Yale University  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
New masses  Search this
New Yorker (New York, N.Y. : 1925)  Search this
Cartooning  Search this
Jewish artists  Search this
Painters -- Massachusetts -- Provincetown -- Interviews  Search this
Magazine illustration -- 20th century  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12128
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)215762
AAA_collcode_richte94
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_215762
Online Media:

Gretchen Dow Simpson interview, 1992 July 16

Creator:
Simpson, Gretchen Dow, 1939-  Search this
Goodwin, George M.  Search this
Type:
Interviews
Sound recordings
Topic:
New Yorker (New York, N.Y. : 1925)  Search this
Magazine illustration -- 20th century  Search this
Women artists -- Interviews  Search this
Illustrators -- Rhode Island -- Interviews  Search this
Illustrators -- United States -- Interviews  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10969
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)214759
AAA_collcode_simpgret
Theme:
Women
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_214759

Susanne Suba papers, 1939-1993

Creator:
Suba, Susanne, 1913-  Search this
Topic:
New Yorker (New York, N.Y. : 1925)  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)6510
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)215761
AAA_collcode_subasusa
Theme:
Women
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_215761

Alfred J. Frueh papers, circa 1880-2010

Creator:
Frueh, Alfred Joseph, 1880-1968  Search this
Type:
Drawings
Christmas cards
Sketches
Illustrated letters
Photographs
Topic:
New Yorker (New York, N.Y. :1925)  Search this
Greeting cards  Search this
Caricatures and cartoons  Search this
Magazine illustration  Search this
Works of art  Search this
Illustrators -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)6364
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)215182
AAA_collcode_fruealfr
Theme:
Diaries
Sketches & Sketchbooks
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_215182
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Mischa Richter

Topic:
New masses
New Yorker (New York, N.Y. : 1925)
Interviewee:
Richter, Mischa, 1910-2001  Search this
Interviewer:
Brown, Robert F.  Search this
Names:
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. School  Search this
Yale University. School of Fine Arts  Search this
Barnet, Will, 1911-2012  Search this
Bloom, Hyman, 1913-  Search this
Levine, Jack, 1915-2010  Search this
Reinhardt, Ad, 1913-1967  Search this
Steig, William, 1907-  Search this
Zimmerman, Harold K., 1905-1941  Search this
Extent:
3 Items (sound cassettes 2 hr., 43 min.), analog.)
54 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1994 September 27-28
Scope and Contents:
An interview with Mischa Richter conducted 1994 September 27-28, by Robert F. Brown, for the Archives of American Art.
Richter tells of his life as the only child of a prosperous Jewish family in Kharkov, Ukraine, where he showed early precocity in drawing. He remembers the Russian Revolution, being taken to Poland in 1921, and then in 1922 to New York and Boston. He discusses his education in Boston, including drawing lessons with Harold Zimmerman at which he got to know Hyman Bloom and Jack Levine; and classes at the Museum School in Boston from 1929 to 1930.
He speaks of his long-time friendship with Will Barnet, attending Yale School of Fine Arts, 1930-1934, and painting a WPA mural for the Boston Boys Club in 1935. He remembers meeting Will Steig, deciding to become a cartoonist, and selling enough drawings to leave the WPA to work as art editor for "The New Masses," where he became close friends with Ad Reinhardt. He discusses becoming a contract cartoonist in 1940 for "The New Yorker;" his avoidance of art dealers, because they demand steady production yet have no known goals, unlike a magazine; his abhorrence of taking himself, or others, too seriously; the perils of early success and the pettiness of many matters in the art community of Provincetown, Mass.; and the nature of his paintings.
Biographical / Historical:
Mischa Richter (1910-2001) was a painter and cartoonist from New York, N.Y. and Provincetown, Mass. Richter was born in the Ukraine. He came to the United States in 1922, attending special art classes for gifted students at the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, and subsequently graduating from the Yale School of Fine Arts in 1934. After working on the WPA art project as a mural painter in New York, he turned to cartooning, doing editorial and humorous cartoons for the daily newspaper, PM, and then becoming art editor for the New Masses. In 1941 he began his longtime affiliation with the New Yorker, as well as producing daily panels, "Strictly Richter" and "Bugs Baer" for King Features. In the 1970s and 1980s, Richter did numerous drawings for the OpEd page of the New York Times. Died March 23, 2001, at age 90.
General:
Sound quality is poor.
Originally recorded on 3 sound cassettes. Reformatted in 2010 as 4 digital wav files. Duration is 2 hr., 43 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators.
Occupation:
Cartoonists -- Massachusetts -- Provincetown -- Interviews  Search this
Topic:
Cartooning  Search this
Jewish artists -- Interviews  Search this
Painters -- Massachusetts -- Provincetown -- Interviews  Search this
Magazine illustration -- 20th century  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.richte94
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-richte94

Alfred J. Frueh papers

Topic:
New Yorker (New York, N.Y. :1925)
Creator:
Frueh, Alfred Joseph, 1880-1968  Search this
Extent:
7.7 Linear feet
3.18 Gigabytes
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Gigabytes
Drawings
Christmas cards
Sketches
Illustrated letters
Photographs
Date:
circa 1880-2010
Summary:
The papers of caricaturist and illustrator Alfred J. Frueh measure 7.7 linear feet and 3.18 GB and date from circa 1880-2010. These papers consist of biographical information, including a sound recording of reminiscences about Frueh by his children; correspondence that includes many illustrated letters and greeting cards; notes and writings; numerous caricature sketches, cartoons, and 25 sketchbooks by Frueh; printed and digital material; and photographs of Frueh and his artwork. There is a 2.3 linear foot unprocessed addition to this collection donated 2020 that includes bound and unbound scrapbooks and loose newspaper and magazine clippings of caricatures by Frueh from the New Yorker and other publications, circa 1920-1940.
Scope and Contents note:
The papers of caricaturist and illustrator Alfred J. Frueh measure 7.7 linear feet and 3.18 GB and date from circa 1880-2010. These papers consist of biographical information, including a sound recording of reminiscences about Frueh by his children; correspondence that includes many illustrated letters and greeting cards; notes and writings; numerous caricature sketches, cartoons, and 25 sketchbooks by Frueh; printed and digital material; and photographs of Frueh and his artwork.There is a 2.3 linear foot unprocessed addition to this collection donated 2020 that includes bound and unbound scrapbooks and loose newspaper and magazine clippings of caricatures by Frueh from the New Yorker and other publications, circa 1920-1940.

Biographical materials include birth, marriage, and death certificates, biographical notes, employment contracts, obituaries, and legal papers concerning patents and license agreements for toy animals and sheet material sculpture. Also included is a 1993 sound recording of Frueh's children reminiscing about their father.

Correspondence consists mainly of incoming letters with a small number of interfiled replies drafted by Frueh. Most of Frueh's surviving outgoing letters are addressed to Giuliette Fanciulli (whom he married in 1913), her parents, and his sister Minnie Frueh. Many of the letters to Giuliette and other family members are illustrated. Also included are a large number of greeting cards (mainly Christmas cards) containing original artwork, from friends, artists, writers, and colleagues. The correspondence concerns both personal and career matters. Notable correspondents are: George Gershwin, Robert Henri, Mr. and Mrs. Elie Nadelman, Eugene O'Neil, Walter and Magda Pach, New Yorker editor Harold Ross, and Alfred Stieglitz. Other letters document Frueh's interest in nut and fruit trees.

Among the notes and writings by Frueh are notes of ideas for art work, lists of caricature sketches, lists of plays and their casts, and 8 address books kept by Alfred and Giuliette Frueh and by Giuliette and her mother. Also included are 6 notebooks of miscellaneous jottings. Notes and writings by other authors consist of lists of caricature sketches, a poem by an unknown writer, and 13 short stories by "Joe" with 6 illustrations by Frueh.

Artwork by Frueh comprises the largest series. It consists mainly of caricature sketches, mostly theatrical, but some political, with a few of himself, his wife Giuliette, and their personal friends. In addition, there are various sketches, drawings, designs, prints, watercolors, cartoons, book covers, greeting cards, paper sculptures, pop-ups, and cut-outs. Also included are patterns for greeting cards, lamp bases and a shade, magic squares, paper sculptures, sheet material sculptures, toy animals, and wallpaper. There are also 25 sketchbooks, a digital slideshow presentation of 1600 images from the sketchbooks, and 3 caricatures of Frueh drawn by other artists.

Among the printed material are articles by and about Frueh; book covers and book jackets, magazine covers, invitations, announcements, and a program cover designed by Frueh; caricatures, cartoons, and illustrations by Frueh; exhibition catalogs and announcements of Frueh's solo and group shows; and miscellaneous printed material.

Photographs consist of a studio portrait and informal snapshots of Alfred Frueh and a photograph of his daughter Barbara as a young child. Photographs of art work by Frueh include images of his caricatures, lamp bases, paper sculptures, and toy animals.
Arrangement note:
The collection is arranged into seven series:

Series 1: Biographical Materials, 1909-1993 (Box 1; 8 folders)

Series 2: Correspondence, circa 1909-1968 (Boxes 1-2, 12, OV 7; 1.3 linear feet)

Series 3: Notes and Writings, circa 1912-1963 (Box 2; 10 folders)

Series 4: Artwork, circa 1906-2010 (Boxes 2-4, 6, 12, OV 8-9; 1.8 linear feet, ER01; 3.18 GB)

Series 5: Printed Material, 1904-1986 (Boxes 4-5, 6, OV 10-11; 0.8 linear feet)

Series 6: Photographs, circa 1880-1967 (Boxes 5, 12; 12 folders)

Series 7: Unprocessed Addition circa 1920-1940 (Boxes 13-17; 2.3 linear feet)
Biographical/Historical note:
Alfred J. Frueh (1880-1968) worked primarily in New York and was best known for his caricatures of theater personalities that appeared in The New Yorker from 1925 through 1962. In addition, he was a cartoonist, illustrator, painter, and designer of children's furniture, toys, pop-ups, and cut-outs.

Upon graduation from the Lima Business College in his native Lima, Ohio, Al Frueh (pronounced "free") began farming and working in his father's brewery. He moved to St. Louis to live with relatives, and from 1904-1908 worked in the art department of the St. Louis Post-Dispatch. Frueh's 1907 cartoon of Fritzi Scheff, published in the St. Louis Post Dispatch, so outraged the music-hall star that her St. Louis performance was cancelled and the attendant publicity made Frueh a celebrity.

Frueh traveled to Paris, London, Rome, Munich, Berlin, and Madrid in 1908 and 1909. During this period, he studied at various art schools in Paris, receiving instruction from Theophile Steinlen, Lucien Simon, Naudin, and Henri Matisse. Upon his return to the United States, Frueh settled in New York City. His tenure at The World was interrupted by a return trip to Europe lasting from late 1912 until late 1914. While abroad, he married Giuliette Fanciulli, whom he had met in New York. He remained with The World for another ten years, also producing other work for publication and exhibition. With a young family, Frueh wanted a less hectic life and decided to switch from a daily publication to a weekly one. Thus began his affiliation with a newly established periodical, The New Yorker. Frueh's work appeared in its 1925 debut issue until his retirement in 1962. Mostly he contributed caricatures for the theater section, but he also produced cover designs, illustrations, and on occasion wrote brief pieces for the "Talk of the Town" and "Notes and Comments" sections. In 1926, Frueh moved his family to a farm in Sharon, Connecticut, where he seriously pursued a longstanding hobby of growing fruit and nut trees.

Alfred J. Frueh died in Sharon, Connecticut, in 1968, after a long illness.
Provenance:
The Alfred J. Frueh papers were the gift of his children, Barbara Frueh Bornemann, Alfred J. Frueh, Jr., and Robert Frueh, in 1993 and 1997. An addition of 25 sketchbooks, scrapbooks, and other materials were given by his grandson Stephen Bornemann in 2011, 2018, and 2020.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Alfred J. Frueh papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Occupation:
Caricaturists -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Actors -- Caricatures and cartoons  Search this
Cartoonists -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Greeting cards  Search this
Caricatures and cartoons  Search this
Magazine illustration  Search this
Works of art  Search this
Illustrators -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Christmas cards
Sketches
Illustrated letters
Photographs
Citation:
Alfred J. Frueh papers, 1904-2010. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.fruealfr
See more items in:
Alfred J. Frueh papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-fruealfr
Online Media:

Susanne Suba papers

Topic:
New Yorker (New York, N.Y. : 1925)
Creator:
Suba, Susanne, 1913-  Search this
Extent:
0.2 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1939-1993, n.d
Scope and Contents:
Biographical documents, including awards, 1943-1947, and membership certificates, 1941-1946; exhibition catalog and announcements, 1962- 1982; New Yorker covers illustrated by Suba, 1939-1963; photographs of Suba's work at a book fair, a photograph of Suba, and 10 35mm color slides of her work.
ADDITION: Correspondence, 1940-1993, n.d.; notes; exhibition brochures; printed material; and photographs. Among the correspondents are Eleanor Estes, and New Yorker contributors Arthur Getz and William Maxwell. Also included is a bibliography of Suba's illustrated books from 1936-1981. Photographs include images of Arthur Getz and Getz's paintings.
Biographical / Historical:
Painter, illustrator; New York, N.Y.
Provenance:
Donated 1994-2000 by Susanne Suba.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Illustrators -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Women artists  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.subasusa
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-subasusa

Gretchen Dow Simpson interview

Topic:
New Yorker (New York, N.Y. : 1925)
Creator:
Simpson, Gretchen Dow  Search this
Interviewer:
Goodwin, George M.  Search this
Extent:
1 Sound cassette ((90 min.), analog.)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sound cassettes
Interviews
Sound recordings
Date:
1992 July 16
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Gretchen Dow Simpson conducted by George M. Goodwin. Simpson discusses her family background, early art experiences, her work, and her relationship with The New Yorker magazine, where 60 of her cover paintings have appeared since 1974.
Biographical / Historical:
Illustrator; Providence, R.I. Born 1939.
Provenance:
Donated 1992 by George M. Goodwin, a freelance interviewer.
Restrictions:
ACCESS RESTRICTED: written permission required.
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Topic:
Magazine illustration -- 20th century  Search this
Women artists -- Interviews  Search this
Illustrators -- Rhode Island -- Interviews  Search this
Illustrators -- United States -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Sound recordings
Identifier:
AAA.simpgret
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-simpgret

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