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World's Columbian Exposition Souvenir Handkerchief

Measurements:
overall: 15 7/8 in x 16 7/8 in; 40.3225 cm x 42.8625 cm
Object Name:
Handkerchief
Place made:
United States: Illinois, Chicago
Date made:
1893
Subject:
Expositions and Fairs  Search this
Related event:
World's Columbian Exposition  Search this
Credit Line:
The Edward J. Orth Memorial Archives of the New York World's Fair 1939-1940
ID Number:
1990.0542.1075
Accession number:
1990.0542
See more items in:
Culture and the Arts: Entertainment
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ab-f2f6-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1315071

World's Columbian Exposition Souvenir Model Train

Measurements:
overall: 23 cm x 7.7 cm x 3.5 cm; 9 1/16 in x 3 1/16 in x 1 3/8 in
Object Name:
Train, Model, w/ Box
toy train
Place made:
United States: Illinois, Chicago
Date made:
1893
Subject:
Expositions and Fairs  Search this
Toys  Search this
Train  Search this
Related event:
World's Columbian Exposition  Search this
Credit Line:
The Edward J. Orth Memorial Archives of the New York World's Fair 1939-1940
ID Number:
1990.0542.1498
Accession number:
1990.0542
See more items in:
Culture and the Arts: Entertainment
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ac-07ac-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1315532

World's Columbian Exposition Badge

Measurements:
overall: 6 cm x 4 cm; 2 3/8 in x 1 9/16 in
Object Name:
Badge
Place made:
United States: Illinois, Chicago
Date made:
1893
Subject:
Expositions and Fairs  Search this
Related event:
World's Columbian Exposition  Search this
Credit Line:
The Edward J. Orth Memorial Archives of the New York World's Fair 1939-1940
ID Number:
1990.0542.1662
Accession number:
1990.0542
See more items in:
Culture and the Arts: Entertainment
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ab-f590-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1315702

Oral history interview with Monty Lewis, 1964 June 25

Interviewee:
Lewis, Monty, 1907-1997  Search this
Interviewer:
McGlynn, Betty Lochrie Hoag  Search this
Subject:
Coronado School of Fine Arts  Search this
New Deal and the Arts Oral History Project  Search this
New York World's Fair (1939-1940 : New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Citation:
Quotes and excerpts must be cited as follows: Oral history interview with Monty Lewis, 1964 June 25. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Painters -- California -- San Diego -- Interviews  Search this
Muralists -- California -- San Diego -- Interviews  Search this
Federal aid to the arts  Search this
Theme:
New Deal  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12016
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216443
AAA_collcode_lewis64
Theme:
New Deal
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_216443

Oral history interview with William Abbenseth, 1964 November 23

Interviewee:
Abbenseth, William, 1898-1972  Search this
Interviewer:
McChesney, Mary Fuller  Search this
Subject:
Cunningham, Ben  Search this
Dannenbaum, Ray  Search this
Danysh, Joseph A.  Search this
Hirsch, Hy  Search this
Ryan, Beatrice Judd  Search this
Group f.64  Search this
Index of American Design  Search this
Federal Art Project (Calif.)  Search this
New Deal and the Arts Oral History Project  Search this
New York World's Fair (1939-1940 : New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Citation:
Quotes and excerpts must be cited as follows: Oral history interview with William Abbenseth, 1964 November 23. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Federal aid to the arts  Search this
Photographers -- California -- San Francisco -- Interviews  Search this
Theme:
Photography  Search this
New Deal  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13069
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)213230
AAA_collcode_abbens64
Theme:
Photography
New Deal
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_213230
Online Media:

Archives Center World Expositions Collection

Creator:
Norton, Robert H.  Search this
Cooper-Hewitt Museum  Search this
Kass, Marcia  Search this
Names:
Centennial Exhibition (1876 : Philadelphia, Pa.)  Search this
New York World's Fair (1939-1940 : New York, N.Y.)  Search this
New York World's Fair (1964-1965)  Search this
Extent:
.50 Cubic feet (2 boxes, 1 map folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Maps
Guidebooks
Cartoons (humorous images)
Brochures
Menus
Posters
Souvenir programs
Tickets
Date:
1873-2010
Scope and Contents note:
An artificial collection of ephemera from World's Fairs, intended as a growing repository for such miscellany from multiple sources. The initial donation consists of a season ticket, a booklet of souvenir tickets, and one menu from the 1939 New York World's Fair. The 2010 addendum contains eleven graphic works relating to World's Fairs. Eight of the items relate to the Centennial Exhibition in Philadelphia in 1876, including a poster, a map, a souvenir booklet, and several views of the Fair printed in Harper's Weekly; in addition to a cartoon depicting the Crystal Palace in New York in 1883, and two ads for the Canadian Pacific Railroad. Also in the collection are souvenir books and pamphlets from the 1964-1965 New York World's Fair.
Arrangement:
1 series.
Provenance:
Collection materials donated by Robert Norton, Marcia Kass, the Cooper-Hewitt Museum (through Stephen Van Dyke, Craig P. Morton, John Anderson, and Capt. George and Ginger Vance,
Restrictions:
Collection open for research on site by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Exhibitions  Search this
Crystal Palace -- (New York, New York)  Search this
World's fairs  Search this
Genre/Form:
Maps
Guidebooks
Cartoons (humorous images)
Brochures
Menus
Posters
Souvenir programs
Tickets -- World's Fair, 1939 -- New York (N.Y.)
Citation:
Archives Center World Expositions Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0825
See more items in:
Archives Center World Expositions Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8f41c3cca-aee8-4b33-a5d7-f0df02de664e
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0825

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: World Expositions

Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Extent:
9.09 Cubic feet (consisting of 17.5 boxes, 1 folder, 19 oversize folders, 12 map case folders, 3 flat boxes (1 full, 2 partial), plus digital images of some collection material.)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Business ephemera
Ephemera
Date:
1851-1965
Summary:
A New York bookseller, Warshaw assembled this collection over nearly fifty years. The Warshaw Collection of Business Americana: World Expositions forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Subseries 1.1: Subject Categories. The Subject Categories subseries is divided into 470 subject categories based on those created by Mr. Warshaw. These subject categories include topical subjects, types or forms of material, people, organizations, historical events, and other categories. An overview to the entire Warshaw collection is available here: Warshaw Collection of Business Americana
Scope and Contents:
This material consists primarily of guide books, souvenir books, catalogs, brochures, maps, general images, lithographs, advertising cards, postcards, commemorative stamps, tickets and correspondence created for the World's Fairs. A few trade catalogs (Chicago, 1893), magazines, bubble gum cards (Chicago, 1933-1934) and photographs are also included in the materials. One remarkable item in the world exposition's material is a "peephole" paper toy viewer from the New York 1939-1940 fair.

The amount of material for each fair varies widely. Most of the fairs including Paris 1855, Lausanne 1857, Boston 1883-1884, Bordeaux 1895, Philadelphia 1899, Milan 1906, Albuquerque 1908 and Seattle 1962 have very little information. The Philadelphia 1876 and Chicago 1893 expositions, however, contain a substantial amount of material. A number of expositions are not included among the materials. The container list indicates which fairs the Archives Center has information on in this collection.

A number of the expositions were given a nickname, mostly as a result of the architecture dominating the fair. Examples of those nicknames include the White City (Chicago 1893), the Magic City (Omaha 1898), the Rainbow City (Buffalo 1901), the Ivory City (St. Louis 1904), the Jewel City (San Francisco 1915), and Treasure Island San Francisco 1939-1940).

The World Expositions tend to have a theme or celebrate a special event. "The Age of Steam" was the theme for the first world exposition, held in London in 1851. In 1876, the Philadelphia exposition celebrated a century of American independence. The common name was the "Philadelphia Centennial." The Chicago 1893 fair celebrated the 400th anniversary of Columbus' discovery of America and was referred to as the "World's Columbian Exposition." The Omaha exposition in 1898 is known as the "Invitation to Renewed Expansion of the West." Buffalo's theme in 1901 was "All Americas Exposition", demonstrating the cultural, commercial and technical progress of the Western Hemisphere. Expanding the West was the theme for the St. Louis fair in 1904 to celebrate the lOOth anniversary of the purchase of the Louisiana Territory from France. In 1915, San Francisco celebrated the opening of the Panama Canal. American independence was celebrated again in Philadelphia in 1926 marking 150 years. Chicago's fair in 1933-1934 was called "A Century of Progress" it was incorporated as a city in 1833. The exposition in New York in 1939-1940 had two themes: "Building a World for Tomorrow" in 1939 and "For Peace and Freedom" in 1940. San Francisco's world's fair in 1939-1940 also had two themes: "Dawn of a New Day" in 1939 and "Fun in the Fourties" in 1940. The theme for New York's exposition in 1964-1965, "Peace Through Understanding", celebrated the 300th anniversary of the naming of New York by the British and the 15th anniversary of the United Nations in New York City.

Researchers interested in women's history will find little information on that subject. Most of the expositions had a Women's building, however, there are only a few items referring to them in this collection. Such materials include a book from the Philadelphia 1876 fair which discusses women's work. Another book from the Chicago 1893 fair examines the art and handicraft in the Women's building. A pamphlet also from the Chicago fair contains the official minutes of the Board of Lady Managers.

The materials in boxes one through seventeen are organized in chronological order by the name of the location of the fair. A number of manufacturers and distributors of various products created advertising for the expositions. Such materials remain with those created about the fair. A photocopy of product advertising has been filed in the appropriate subject category in the Warshaw Collection. Box eighteen contains miscellaneous items that could not be identified with a particular exposition. Such materials include photographs, advertising cards and souvenir books.

Other collections in the Archives that relate to world expositions are the Orth and Zimm collections. The Edward J. Orth Memorial Archives of the New York World's Fair 1939-1940 primarily documents the general organization of the New York fair and specific national or corporate pavilions. Holdings include advertising and promotional literature, press kits, maps and official guides, photographs and brochures. Additional material includes scrapbooks, photo album, diaries, postcards and posters. Among the personal papers of Mr. Orth are correspondence and copies of the newsletter, Exposition Collectors and Historians Organization (ECHO). ECHO was organized by Mr. Orth in 1976 for collectors and historians of world's fairs and disbanded upon his death. This collection is stored off site. Researchers are requested to make an appointment to use the materials. The Zim Collection contains materials from a number of the world's fairs. These materials are also stored off site and researchers will need to make an appointment.

Materials in the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of American History that relate to the world's fairs can also be found in its Library. The Library has both primary and secondary sources. All of the primary materials have been microfilmed. The library also contains a comprehensive collection of secondary sources on the expositions. Among the secondary sources is a publication The Book Fairs, Materials about World's Fairs, 1834-1916, in the Smithsonian Institution Libraries (1992).

Special collections (Dibner Library) contains about thirty very rare items from various world expositions mostly dating from the 1851 fair and those occurring in the 1880s. Such items are mostly coffee table books created about the fairs. Researchers will need to contact the Dibner library to make an appointment to see original materials.

The Museum's curatorial divisions hold a number of three dimensional objects relating to the fairs. For information on the objects researchers should contact the divisions.
Materials in the Archives Center:
Archives Center Collection of Business Americana (AC0404)
Forms Part Of:
Forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana.

Missing Title

Series 1: Business Ephemera

Series 2: Other Collection Divisions

Series 3: Isadore Warshaw Personal Papers

Series 4: Photographic Reference Material
Provenance:
World Expositions is a portion of the Business Ephemera Series of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Accession AC0060 purchased from Isadore Warshaw in 1967. Warshaw continued to accumulate similar material until his death, which was donated in 1971 by his widow, Augusta. For a period after acquisition, related materials from other sources (of mixed provenance) were added to the collection so there may be content produced or published after Warshaw's death in 1969. This practice has since ceased.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Genre/Form:
Business ephemera
Ephemera
Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: World Expositions, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0060.S01.01.World
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: World Expositions
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep870647d5c-3d16-42f8-a26f-ca22d461978f
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-world
Online Media:

Anton Refregier papers, circa 1900-circa 1990

Creator:
Refregier, Anton, 1905-  Search this
Subject:
Randall, Byron  Search this
Refregier, Lila  Search this
Siqueiros, David Alfaro  Search this
Morley, Eugene  Search this
O'Higgins, Pablo  Search this
Geddes, Norman Bel  Search this
Greenwood, Marion  Search this
Kent, Rockwell  Search this
Kuniyoshi, Yasuo  Search this
Dreyfuss, Henry  Search this
Elisofon, Eliot  Search this
Evergood, Philip  Search this
Fast, Howard  Search this
De Diego, Julio  Search this
Packard, Emmy Lou  Search this
Yavno, Max  Search this
National Council of American-Soviet Friendship (U.S.)  Search this
ACA Galleries  Search this
Bard College  Search this
New York World's Fair (1939-1940 : New York, N.Y.)  Search this
United States. Works Progress Administration  Search this
Gosudarstvenny? ?rmitazh (Russia)  Search this
World Peace Council  Search this
Woodstock Artists Association (Woodstock, N.Y.)  Search this
Type:
Travel diaries
Greeting cards
Interviews
Cartoons (working drawings)
Scrapbooks
Transcripts
Photographs
Diaries
Sketches
Place:
Chile
Soviet Union
Guatemala
Mexico
Citation:
Anton Refregier papers, circa 1900-circa 1990. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Tapestry  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Political clubs  Search this
Muralists -- New York -- Woodstock  Search this
Art -- Commissioning  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- Woodstock  Search this
Mural painting and decoration -- Archival resources -- 20th century  Search this
Designers -- New York (State)  Search this
Artists' studios -- Photographs  Search this
Theme:
Lives of artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9646
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211854
AAA_collcode_refranto
Theme:
Lives of artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211854
Online Media:

Anton Refregier papers

Creator:
Refregier, Anton, 1905-  Search this
Names:
ACA Galleries  Search this
Bard College -- Faculty  Search this
Gosudarstvennyĭ Ėrmitazh (Russia)  Search this
National Council of American-Soviet Friendship (U.S.)  Search this
New York World's Fair (1939-1940 : New York, N.Y.)  Search this
United States. Works Progress Administration  Search this
Woodstock Artists Association (Woodstock, N.Y.)  Search this
World Peace Council  Search this
De Diego, Julio, 1900-  Search this
Dreyfuss, Henry, 1904-  Search this
Elisofon, Eliot  Search this
Evergood, Philip, 1901-1973  Search this
Fast, Howard, 1914-2003  Search this
Geddes, Norman Bel, 1893-1958  Search this
Greenwood, Marion, 1909-1970  Search this
Kent, Rockwell, 1882-1971  Search this
Kuniyoshi, Yasuo, 1889-1953  Search this
Morley, Eugene, 1909-1953  Search this
O'Higgins, Pablo, 1904-  Search this
Packard, Emmy Lou, 1914-1998  Search this
Randall, Byron, 1918-1999  Search this
Refregier, Lila  Search this
Siqueiros, David Alfaro, 1896-1974  Search this
Yavno, Max  Search this
Extent:
35.9 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Travel diaries
Greeting cards
Interviews
Cartoons (working drawings)
Scrapbooks
Transcripts
Photographs
Diaries
Sketches
Place:
Chile
Soviet Union
Guatemala
Mexico
Date:
circa 1900-circa 1990
Summary:
The papers of Woodstock area painter, muralist, and designer, Anton Refregier (1905-1979) date from circa 1900 to circa 1990 and measure 35.9 linear feet. The collection records Refregier's early commercial work and murals for the Works Progress Adminstration (WPA) and documents his career through to the 1970s with records of commissions for many public and private buildings, exhibitions in the United States and abroad, teaching positions, essays and publications, and extensive travel, particularly to the Soviet Union and Mexico. The collection contains scattered biographical material, personal and business correspondence, notes and writings, 15 diaries and journals, mural and tapestry files, exhibition files, personal business records, printed material, 10 scrapbooks, artwork including sketches and cartoons for murals, and photographs of Refregier, his friends, family and travels.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of Woodstock area painter, muralist, and designer, Anton Refregier (1905-1979) date from circa 1900 to circa 1990 and measure 35.9 linear feet. The collection records Refregier's early commercial work and murals for the Works Progress Adminstration (WPA) and documents his career through to the 1970s with records of commissions for many public and private buildings, exhibitions in the United States and abroad, teaching positions, essays and publications, and extensive travel, particularly to the Soviet Union and Mexico. The collection contains scattered biographical material, personal and business correspondence, notes and writings, diaries and journals, mural and tapestry files, exhibition files, personal business records, printed material, scrapbooks, artwork including sketches and cartoons for murals, and photographs of Refregier, his friends, family and travels.

Biographical material contains legal records such as Refregier's will and marriage and death records, passports, resume material and 2 interview transcripts.

Correspondence, both chronological and alphabetical, constitutes almost a third of the collection and documents all aspects of Refregier's career including his work for the WPA, private commissions, representation by ACA Galleries, his involvement with groups such as the Woodstock Artists Association and his teaching work for institutions such as Bard College. Also documented are his involvement with local political groups and international organizations such as the National Council of American-Soviet Friendship and the World Peace Council, and travels including visits to the Soviet Union. Notable correspondents include Henry Dreyfuss, Philip Evergood, Rockwell Kent, Emmy-Lou Packard, and Byron Randall. Correspondence also includes family letters written primarily by Refregier to Lila Refregier, in addition to greeting cards received by the Refregier family, many of which contain original arwork.

Writings are primarily by Refregier and include drafts of many essays and autobiographical writings, in addition to copies of published works including Natural Figure Drawing, An Artists Journey and Sketches of the Soviet Union.

The collection contains diaries and journals from 12 years in various formats including published and handmade day planners and typed and handwritten journal entries. They include sketches and primarily record travel and daily activities including specific projects such as the New York World's Fair mural (1938-1939).

Mural and Tapestry files document individual commissions bid on and/or completed by Refregier. The creation of the Rincon Annex Post Office mural and subsequent controversies over its subject matter are well-documented here, as are many of Refregier's commissions for banks, hospitals, hotels, shopping centers, and schools.

Exhibition files document at least 15 of Refregier's exhibitions, including his first one-man show at ACA Galleries (1942) and his exhibition of paintings at the Hermitage Museum (1967) in what was then Leningrad.

Personal business records contain addresses of contacts. Scattered records referencing market values for Refregier's work can be found throughout the series in records such as bills and receipts, financial notes and tax records.

Printed material provides extensive coverage of Refregier's entire career through announcements, invitations, catalogs, and news clippings. His interests in art, literature, music, theater and politics are also well-represented in these files.

The collection contains 10 scrapbooks, mostly in fragmented condition, which contain a mixture of photographs, sketches and other artwork, notes and fragments of writings, and printed material. The scrapbooks document a variety of subjects including Refregier's family life, travels to Guatemala and the Soviet Union, and the artist at work.

Artwork consists primarily of artwork by Refregier in the form of mural design sketches and cartoons in various media, including pencil, ink and pastel, in addition to 21 sketchbooks, many of which also contain journal entries and notes. Also found here are prints and reproductions of Refregier's "Peace card" block engravings for every year from 1950-1973, with the exception of 1970.

Photographs document all phases of Refregier's career and include family photographs dating from circa 1900, photos of Refregier in the studio including work for the WPA, Refregier and other artists and individuals at events and parties from the 1940s-1970s, travel snapshots probably taken in Chile, Guatemala, Mexico, and the Soviet Union, and photographs of artwork and installations. Individuals pictured include Julio de Diego, Marion Greenwood, Rockwell Kent, Pablo O'Higgins and David Siqueiros; also, a series of press photographs by Albert A. Freeman pictures Refregier with Howard Fast, Norman Bel Geddes, Marion Greenwood, John Kingsbury, Yasuo Kuniyoshi and Harry Stockwell. One photograph by Eliot Elisofon, 2 by Eugene Morley and 4 by Max Yavno can also be found here.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 11 series:

Missing Title

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1925-1980 (Box 1; 0.25 linear ft.)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1912-circa 1990s (Boxes 1-11, 36, OVs 38, 45; 10.2 linear ft.)

Series 3: Writings, circa 1930s-circa 1970s (Boxes 11-14, OV 45; 3.3 linear ft.)

Series 4: Diaries and Journals, 1923-1979 (Box 15; 0.6 linear ft.)

Series 5: Mural and Tapestry Files, circa 1930s-circa 1970s (Boxes 15-18, 36, OVs 38, 45, 46, RD 42; 3.65 linear ft.)

Series 6: Exhibition Files, 1942-1981 (Boxes 18-19; 0.6 linear ft.)

Series 7: Personal Business Records, 1920s-1980s (Boxes 19-20; 1.8 linear ft.)

Series 8: Printed Material, circa 1920s-1980s (Boxes 21-28, 36; 7.4 linear ft.)

Series 9: Scrapbooks, 1930s-1960s (Boxes 28, 37, BV 47; 1.1 linear ft.)

Series 10: Artwork, circa 1930s-circa 1970s (Boxes 28-30, 36, OVs 40, 41, RDs 42-44; 3.5 linear ft.)

Series 11: Photographic Material, ca. 1900-1980s (Boxes 31-35, 39; 4.5 linear ft.)
Biographical Note:
Russian-born Woodstock painter Anton Refregier (1905-1979) immigrated to the United States in 1920. Refregier was well-known for his sometimes controversial social realist murals for the WPA.

After an apprenticeship to the sculptor, Vasilief, in Paris, Anton Refregier attended the Rhode Island School of Design from 1920-1925 and studied with Hans Hofmann in Germany in 1927. He had his first one-man show at ACA Galleries in New York City in 1942 and settled in Woodstock, New York, with his wife, Lila, and three children Anton, Jr., Brigit and Aleksandre, where he became a prominent member of the artist community.

Refregier completed several social realist murals for the federal Works Progress Adminstration (WPA) program, including one at the New York Worlds Fair in 1939 and the controversial Rincon Annex Post Office mural in San Francisco begun in 1941. He also completed interior design installations for businesses such as the nightclub, Cafe Society Uptown, and the restaurant, The Cookery, in New York City. In addition to being an easel and mural painter Refregier worked in tapestry, mosaic, ceramic, and collage, and completed many commissions for hotels, banks, hospitals, restaurants, synagogues, supermarkets and deparment stores throughout the country.

Refregier taught at various institutions including Stanford University, the University of Arkansas, and Bard College and his publications inlcude Natural Figure Drawing (1948), An Artist's Journey (1965), and Sketches of the Soviet Union (1978). He traveled regularly to the Soviet Union to explore and exchange ideas about art and culture and as a representative of the World Peace Council.

Anton Refregier died in Moscow in October 1979 while visiting the Soviet Union. His work can be found in many museums including the Corcoran Gallery of Art, the Metropolitan Museum, the San Francisco Museum of Art, and the Whitney Museum of American Art.
Related Material:
Also found in the Archives of American Art are an oral history interview with Anton Refregier, 1964, Nov. 5 by Joseph Trovato; and Papers regarding Anton Refregier mural controversy, 1953.
Provenance:
Donated 1983 by Lila Refregier, widow of Anton Refregier, and in 1992 by Brigit R. Sutton, Refregier's daughter.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
Authorization to quote or reproduce for purposes of publication requires written permission from Bridget R. Sutton via Bridget's son, Tim Sutton. Contact Reference Services for more information.
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Topic:
Tapestry  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Political clubs  Search this
Muralists -- New York -- Woodstock  Search this
Art -- Commissioning  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- Woodstock  Search this
Mural painting and decoration -- Archival resources -- 20th century  Search this
Designers -- New York (State)  Search this
Artists' studios -- Photographs  Search this
Genre/Form:
Travel diaries
Greeting cards
Interviews
Cartoons (working drawings)
Scrapbooks
Transcripts
Photographs
Diaries
Sketches
Citation:
Anton Refregier papers, circa 1900-circa 1990. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.refranto
See more items in:
Anton Refregier papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9545f99ed-0a65-4626-904d-8dda5c569fcf
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-refranto

Antonin Heythum papers, circa 1928-1954

Creator:
Heythum, Antonin, 1901-1954  Search this
Subject:
Heythum, Charlotta  Search this
New York World's Fair (1939-1940 : New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Citation:
Antonin Heythum papers, circa 1928-1954. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Industrial design  Search this
Theme:
Architecture & Design  Search this
Lives of artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)8798
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)210982
AAA_collcode_heytanto
Theme:
Architecture & Design
Lives of artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_210982

Antonin Heythum papers

Creator:
Heythum, Antonin, 1901-1954  Search this
Names:
New York World's Fair (1939-1940 : New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Heythum, Charlotta, ca. 1900-  Search this
Extent:
4.1 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1928-1954
Summary:
The papers of scenographer, graphic designer, architect, and furniture designer Antonin Heythum measure 4.1 linear feet and date from circa 1928-1954. They illustrate his career through biographical materials, writings, exhibition files, and printed and photographic material.
Scope and Contents:
The Antonin Heythum papers measure 4.1 linear feet and date from circa 1928-1954. Biographical materials include the birth certificate for Heythum's daughter Jan Antonin Columbus Heythum and miscellaneous correspondence. Writings includes draft manuscripts for two books by Heythum and his wife, Charlotta, Design for Use and Packaging Design Considerations. Typescripts of essays by Robert M. Hutchins concerning education and World War Two and a typescript titled "Industrial Design" by Donald Dohner are also included.

Exhibition files contains letters, photographs, and printed material for the International Exposition in Brno, Czechoslovakia, (1928), the Paris Exposition (1937), the San Francisco Bay Exposition (1939), the Swiss Exposition in Zurich (1939), the New York World's Fair (1939-1940), the exposition in Rome (1942), and the Cleveland International Exposition (1944). Teaching files contains materials relating to Heythum's classes at the California Institute of Technology and Syracuse University as well as a folder regarding designs created by Heythum for Gladding McBean.

Printed material includes exhibition catalogs and various publications surrounding industrial design, as well as news clippings and oversize posters. Photographic material includes photographs of the Czechoslovakian countryside, people, museums and exhibitions. Also included are photographs of industrial design materials, projects, and classes.
Arrangement:
This collection consists of six series.

Series 1: Biographical Material, circa 1935-1948 (.1 Linear feet: Box 1)

Series 2: Writings , circa 1941-1946 (.6 Linear feet: Box 1, OV 7)

Series 3: Exhibition Files, circa 1928-1944 (1.6 Linear feet: Boxes 1-3)

Series 4: Teaching Files, circa 1938-1952 (.2 Linear feet: Box 3)

Series 5: Printed Material, circa 1933-1954 (1.1 Linear feet: Boxes 3-5, OV 8)

Series 6: Photographic Material, circa 1928-1944 (.5 Linear feet: Boxes 4 and 6)
Biographical / Historical:
Antonin Heythum (1901-1954) was a scenographer, graphic designer, architect, and furniture designer who worked primarily in New York and Central Europe.

He was born in Most, Austria-Hungary, then the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy. In 1924 he studied architecture, civil engineering, and ship construction at the Czech Technical University in Prague. He joined the Devětsil art association and participated in the beginning of the Liberated Theater where he worked as a scenographer from 1924-1925. In 1932 he worked with Evžen Linhart to design a house in Na Ostrohu in a colony of houses in Osada Baba, Prague.

Heythum participated in many exhibition installations. In 1933 in Prague, he created a national glass exhibition and he worked on pavilions at the World Exhibition in Brussels. In 1938 he participated in the New York World's Fair and San Francisco Bay expositions and after the beginning of World War Two remained in the United States where he wrote a book with his wife on exhibition management titled Design for Use (1944). Heythum also founded the Industrial Design Department at the California Institute of Technology and was the head of Industrial Design at Syracuse University from 1946 to his death. He also taught at Columbia University and was a consultant for the firm of Norman Bel Geddes.

Heythum died on January 10, 1954 in the town of Rottach in southern Bavaria.
Provenance:
The Antonin Heythum papers were donated in 1985 by Arthur Pulos who received the papers from Charlotta Heythum in 1956.
Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Furniture designers -- New York (State)  Search this
Graphic designers  Search this
Set designers -- New York (State)  Search this
Topic:
Industrial design  Search this
Function:
Exhibitions
Citation:
Antonin Heythum papers, circa 1928-1954, Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.heytanto
See more items in:
Antonin Heythum papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9d4373047-56b4-4bb9-8482-2174a9c9e05d
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-heytanto

Exhibition Files

Collection Creator:
Heythum, Antonin, 1901-1954  Search this
Extent:
1.6 Linear feet (Boxes 1-3)
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1928-1944
Scope and Contents:
Exhibition files contains letters, photographs, and printed material for the International Exposition in Brno, Czechoslovakia, (1928), the Paris Exposition (1937), the San Francisco Bay Exposition (1939), the Swiss Exposition in Zurich (1939), the New York World's Fair (1939-1940), the exposition in Rome (1942), and the Cleveland International Exposition (1944).
Collection Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Antonin Heythum papers, circa 1928-1954, Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.heytanto, Series 3
See more items in:
Antonin Heythum papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9e625cd0d-6eec-45ff-9221-8bb7fc9653d3
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-heytanto-ref10

New York World's Fair (1939-1940)

Collection Creator:
Heythum, Antonin, 1901-1954  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Antonin Heythum papers, circa 1928-1954, Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Antonin Heythum papers
Antonin Heythum papers / Series 3: Exhibition Files
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw973f9e1c0-1523-4b08-9d20-684273825f97
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-heytanto-ref40

Correspondence

Collection Creator:
Heythum, Antonin, 1901-1954  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 2
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1939, Aug. 4
Collection Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Antonin Heythum papers, circa 1928-1954, Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Antonin Heythum papers
Antonin Heythum papers / Series 3: Exhibition Files / New York World's Fair (1939-1940)
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw94dac1756-7c88-4d18-b4de-98ebaa236381
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-heytanto-ref62

Project Proposal

Collection Creator:
Heythum, Antonin, 1901-1954  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 3
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1940
Collection Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Antonin Heythum papers, circa 1928-1954, Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Antonin Heythum papers
Antonin Heythum papers / Series 3: Exhibition Files / New York World's Fair (1939-1940)
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9f8a69a9b-2201-42ed-b0c9-98ae7296dba6
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-heytanto-ref63

Typescript of Talk by Architect Robert D. Kohn

Collection Creator:
Heythum, Antonin, 1901-1954  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 4
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1940
Collection Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Antonin Heythum papers, circa 1928-1954, Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Antonin Heythum papers
Antonin Heythum papers / Series 3: Exhibition Files / New York World's Fair (1939-1940)
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw95812d234-69d3-4792-af17-3a3b15927740
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-heytanto-ref64

Photographs of Fairgrounds

Collection Creator:
Heythum, Antonin, 1901-1954  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 5
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1940
Collection Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Antonin Heythum papers, circa 1928-1954, Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Antonin Heythum papers
Antonin Heythum papers / Series 3: Exhibition Files / New York World's Fair (1939-1940)
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9e01d40f3-c6d9-4112-a67d-e8b9a12b86e6
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-heytanto-ref65

American Art, American Telephone and Telegraph, Argentina, Borden Company, Britain

Collection Creator:
Heythum, Antonin, 1901-1954  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 6
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1940
Collection Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Antonin Heythum papers, circa 1928-1954, Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Antonin Heythum papers
Antonin Heythum papers / Series 3: Exhibition Files / New York World's Fair (1939-1940)
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9c1f61fb5-4590-4d7b-8428-85d32ff00a22
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-heytanto-ref66

Canada, Carrier Corporation, Chemical and Plastics, Chile, Chrysler, Consolidated Edison

Collection Creator:
Heythum, Antonin, 1901-1954  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 7
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1940
Collection Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Antonin Heythum papers, circa 1928-1954, Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Antonin Heythum papers
Antonin Heythum papers / Series 3: Exhibition Files / New York World's Fair (1939-1940)
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw944b0683d-24ef-4dc8-af50-77f2c704484f
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-heytanto-ref67

Czechoslovakia Pavilion

Collection Creator:
Heythum, Antonin, 1901-1954  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 8
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1940
Collection Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Antonin Heythum papers, circa 1928-1954, Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Antonin Heythum papers
Antonin Heythum papers / Series 3: Exhibition Files / New York World's Fair (1939-1940)
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9d944b46e-1808-4189-9f46-fbb8024ff79b
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-heytanto-ref68

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