This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Researchers interested in accessing audiovisual recordings in this collection must use access copies. Contact References Services for more information.
The Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, holds the intellectual property rights, including copyright, to all materials created by Robert Smithson and Nancy Holt with the exception of the following items: two holiday cards found in box 11, folders 22-23. For these two items, copyright held by Holt/Smithson Foundation / Licensed by VAGA at Artists Rights Society (ARS), NY. Requests for permission to reproduce should be submitted to ARS.
Robert Smithson and Nancy Holt papers, 1905-1987. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Funding for the processing and digitization of this collection was provided by the Terra Foundation for American Art and the Alice L. Walton Foundation.
Photographs made by Stuart M. Young on the Byron Cummings expeditions to northern Arizona and southern Utah in 1909. They document Hopi houses, dances, and ceremonies; Navajo Indians near Bluff City, Utah; John Wetherill, Hoskinine Begay, and Ida Wetherill near Wetherill's home in Oljeto, Utah; scenery; and archeological sites. Images of archeological sites include cliff dwellings and kivas at Sosa Canyon, Neet Se Canyon, and Sega Canyon (Betatakin, Keet Seel, and Round Man House, possibly in or near Sega Canyon). Also depicted are expedition party members Byron Cummings, Don Beauregard, John Wetherill, Malcom Cummings, Doc Blum, Neil Judd, Dr. E. L. Hewitt, Ida Wetherill, Mrs John Wetherill, W. B. Douglass, Ned English, Dan Perkins, Jack Kenan, Vern Rogerson, and Stuart M. Young.
Stuart M. Young (1890-1972), grandson of Brigham Young, was a student and photographer on the Byron Cummings expedition in 1909.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot R4758
Copy prints made at Smithsinian Institution, 1966, from a total of 175 copy negatives lent by University of Utah, Department of Anthropology, through Jesse D. Jennings.
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Related photographs of the Cummings expeditions by Neil Merton Judd held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 4757.
The Northern Arizona University Cline Library holds the Stuart M. Young photograph collection, 1909-1954.
Numbered manuscripts 1850s-1980s (some earlier)
The collection is open for research.
Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Photo Lot R4758, Stuart M. Young photographs relating to Cummings expeditions to Arizona and Utah, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Unbound album pages (labeled A through Q) with photographs documenting the people and culture of the Pocatello-Fort Hall area, including Native Americanss (particularly Shoshone-Bannock tribes), agency employees, and missionaries. Included are images of encampments, Sun Dance ceremonies, the Fort Hall Agency, Indian schools and churches, the Run for Fort Hall Lands on June 17, 1902, the War Bonnett Roundup at Idaho Falls, Shoshone Falls and other natural features and landscapes, a large number of street and aerial views of Pocatello, A. L. Cook's drug store in Pocatello, and members of the Cook family. In addition, there are photographs of Nez Perce, Hopi, San Juan, and Navaho Indians, and one image of the Lapps Indians at Port Townsend, Washington. A large number of the photographs were made by Benedicte Wrensted.
The albums were compiled by Robert Leonard, Eugene O. Leonard's son, who also made copy prints of many of the photographs and negatives. They include flyers, newspapers, envelopes, and other scraps collected by Leonard.
Eugene O. Leonard (1884-1964) moved to Pocatello, Idaho, in 1893 to live with his aunt, the widow of A. L. Cook and owner of the Cook building and drugstore. Leonard attended Weiser College and Academy (now College of Idaho), Whitman College, and Northwestern University. He acquired degrees in phamacy and pharmaceutical chemistry from Northwestern University, and a degree in assaying studies from the Chicago College of Chemistry. After graduation from the College in 1908, Leonard returned to Pocatello to manage the Cook Drug Store until 1918. He worked as Pocatello City Chemist and set up the College of Pharmacy at Idaho State College, where he also taught and served as dean (1918-1954). In the 1930s, Leonard obtained a MS and PhD from Utah State University. Possibly encouraged by his collector aunt, Leonard established a collection of Native material culture objects and documentations, including artifacts and these photograhs, based on his interest in the Shoshoni and Bannock tribes at nearby Fort Hall.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 92-3
Location of Other Archival Materials:
The Idaho Museum of Natural History at Idaho State University holds artifacts collected by Eugene O. Leonard.
The Bannock County Historical Museum in Pocatello holds the Leonard Family Papers, 1893-1917.
Original nitrate negatives are in cold storage and require advanced notice for viewing. Many have associated prints.
District of Columbia -- Piney Branch Quarry -- Archeology
1872-1920 assembled May 7th, 1932."
Scope and Contents:
The Story of the Human Race. Notes for Lecture. 1916. (Sketches Nos. I and IX Missing) 2. Bearing of Archeological Evidence on the Place of Origin and on the Question of the Unity or Plurality of the American Race. 1912. 3. Art in Stone. Lithic Art in History. 4. Stone Age Among Eastern and Northern Tribes. 5. The Place of Archeology in Human History. 1915. 6. American Archeology. Prepared for the International Cyclopedia. 1913. 7. Dr. Holmesʹ Letter to Colonel Sherrill, April 29, 1925 concerning erection of bronze copy of the Piney Branch Quarry group. One illustration. 8. The Great Lesson of the Quarry Shops. 9. The End of Paleolithic Man in America, 1889-1894.
10. America and the Far East. 11. Paper on trans-oceanic contacts. (First six pages of this article missing.) 12. The American Man and his Culture. 13. Handbook of Aboriginal American Antiquities. Preface and table of Contents. (Volume left unfinished with Mr. Judd, Bulletin 60, pt. 2)
14. Report to Dr. Langley suggesting archeological explorations. 1904. 15. The Story of our Local Aborigines, Historic and Prehistoric. (Lecture for museum course, 1918-19.) 16. Sites of Aboriginal Occupation. (Local) 17. On the Race History and Facial Characteristics of the Aboriginal Americans. (Taken from Art and Archeology, and incomplete.) 18. An Adventure with the Indians. 1875. 19. Letter of W. H. Jackson to W. H. Holmes, Fort Defiance, Arizona Territory, April 27, 1877. Re issue of cattle to the Navajo Indians and other matters. -- Miscellaneous scraps.
NAA MS 4695
Photographs filed separately; see separate catalog entry under Photos, 4695 (part).