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Correspondence, 1918-2018

Creator:
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Department of Botany  Search this
Subject:
Swallen, Jason R (Jason Richard) 1903-1991  Search this
Stern, William Louis 1926-  Search this
Hale, Mason E  Search this
Ayensu, Edward S  Search this
Wasshausen, Dieter C  Search this
Killip, Ellsworth Paine 1890-  Search this
Lellinger, David B  Search this
Faden, Robert B  Search this
United States National Museum Division of Plants  Search this
Physical description:
17.50 cu. ft. unprocessed holdings
7 cu. ft. processed holdings
Type:
Manuscripts
Brochures
Drawings
Color photographs
Black-and-white photographs
Color transparencies
Black-and-white transparencies
Date:
1918
1918-2018
Topic:
Botany  Search this
Museum curators  Search this
Natural history museums  Search this
Local number:
SIA RS00208
See more items in:
Correspondence 1918-2018 [National Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Department of Botany]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_218000

Department of Anthropology records

Creator:
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Smithsonian Institution. Department of Anthropology  Search this
Smithsonian Institution. United States National Museum. Department of Anthropology  Search this
Extent:
330.25 Linear feet (519 boxes)
Note:
Some materials are held off-site; this will be indicated at the series or sub-series level. Advanced notice must be given to view these portions of the collection.
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1840-circa 2015
Summary:
The Department of Anthropology records contain administrative and research materials produced by the department and its members from the time of the Smithsonian Institution's foundation until today.
Scope and Contents:
The Department of Anthropology records contain correspondence, manuscripts, photographs, memoranda, invoices, meeting minutes, fiscal records, annual reports, grant applications, personnel records, receipts, and forms. The topics covered in the materials include collections, exhibits, staff, conservation, acquisitions, loans, storage and office space, administration, operations, research, budgets, security, office procedures, and funding. The materials were created by members of the Section of Ethnology of the Smithsonian Institution, the Division of Anthropology of the United States National Museum, the Office of Anthropology of the National Museum of Natural History, and the Department of Anthropology of the National Museum of Natural History and range in date from before the founding of the Smithsonian Institution to today. The Department of Anthropology records also contain some materials related to the Bureau of American Ethnology, such as documents from the River Basin Surveys.

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged in 28 series: (1) Correspondence, 1902-1908, 1961-1992; (2) Alpha-Subject File, 1828-1963; (3) Alpha-Subject File, 1961-1975; (4) Smithsonian Office of Anthropology Subject Files, 1967-1968; (5) River Basin Survey Files, 1965-1969; (6) Research Statements, Proposals, and Awards, 1961-1977 (bulk 1966-1973); (7) Publication File, 1960-1975; (8) Memoranda and Lists Concerning Condemnations, 1910-1965; (9) Notebook on Special Exhibits, 1951-1952 (10) Section on Animal Industry; (11) Administrative Records, 1891-1974; (12) Administrative Records, 1965-1994 (bulk 1975-1988); (13) Fiscal Records, 1904-1986; (14) Annual Reports, 1920-1983; (15) Chairman's Office Files, 1987-1993; (16) Division of Archaeology, 1828-1965; (17) Division of Ethnology, 1840s, 1860-1972, 1997; (18) Division of Physical Anthropology; (19) Division of Cultural Anthropology, 1920-1968; (20) Records of the Anthropological Laboratory/Anthropology Conservation and Restoration Laboratory, 1939-1973; (21) Collections Management, 1965-1985; (22) Photographs of Specimens and Other Subjects (Processing Laboratory Photographs), 1880s-1950s; (23) Exhibit Labels, Specimen Labels, Catalog Cards, and Miscellaneous Documents, circa 1870-1950; (24) Antiquities Act Permits, 1904-1986; (25) Ancient Technology Program, circa 1966-1981; (26) Urgent Anthropology; (27) Records of the Handbook of North American Indians; (28) Personnel; (29) Repatriation Office, 1991-1994
Administrative History.:
The Smithsonian Institution was founded in 1846. Although there was no department of anthropology until the creation of the Section of Ethnology in 1879, anthropological materials were part of the Smithsonian's collection from its foundation. The Section of Ethnology was created to care for the rapidly growing collection. In 1881, the United States National Museum was established. Soon thereafter, in 1883, it was broken up into divisions, including the Division of Anthropology. In 1904, Physical Anthropology was added to the Division.

The Bureau of American Ethnology (BAE) was created in 1879 as a research unit of the Smithsonian, separating research from collections care. However, during the 1950s, research became a higher priority for the Department of Anthropology and, in 1965, the BAE was merged with the Department of Anthropology to create the Office of Anthropology, and the BAE's archives became the National Anthropological Archives (NAA).

In 1967, the United States National Museum was broken up into three separate museums: the Musuem of History and Technology (now the National Museum of American History), the National Museum of American Art, and the National Museum of Natural History (NMNH). The Office of Anthropology was included in NMNH and was renamed the Department of Anthropology in 1968.

New divisions were added to the Department, including the Human Studies Film Archives (HSFA) in 1981, the Research Institute on Immigration and Ethnic Studies (RIIES) in 1982, and the Repatriation Office in 1993. In 1983, the Smithsonian opened the Museum Support Center (MSC) in Suitland, Maryland, as offsite housing for collections with specialized storage facilities and conservation labs.

The Department of Anthropology is currently the largest department within NMNH. It has three curatorial divisions (Ethnology, Archaeology, and Biological Anthropology) and its staff includes curators, research assistants, program staff, collections specialists, archivists, repatriation tribal liaisons, and administrative specialists. It has a number of outreach and research arms, including the Repatriation Office, Recovering Voices, Human Origins, and the Arctic Studies Center.

The Museum is home to one of the world's largest anthropology collections, with over three million specimens in archaeology, ethnology, and human skeletal biology. The NAA is the Smithsonian's oldest archival repository, with materials that reflect over 150 years of anthropological collecting and fieldwork. The HSFA is the only North American archive devoted exclusively to the collection and preservation of anthropological film and video.

Sources Consulted

National Museum of Natural History. "Department of Anthropology: About" Accessed April 13, 2020. https://naturalhistory.si.edu/research/anthropology/about

National Museum of Natural History. "History of Anthropology at the Smithsonian." Accessed April 13, 2020. https://naturalhistory.si.edu/sites/default/files/media/file/history-anthropology-si.pdf

National Museum of Natural History. "History of the Smithsonian Combined Catalog." Accessed April 13, 2020 https://sirismm.si.edu/siris/sihistory.htm

Chronology

1846 -- The Smithsonian Institution is founded

1879 -- George Catlin bequeaths his collection to the Smithsonian The Section of Ethnology is established to oversee ethnological and archaeological collections The Bureau of Ethnology is established by Congress as a research unit of the Smithsonian

1881 -- The U.S. National Museum (USNM) is established as a separate entity within the Smithsonian Institution

1883 -- The staff and collections of the USNM are reorganized into divisions, including a Division of Anthropology

1897 -- The United States National Museum is reorganized into three departments: Anthropology headed by W. H. Holmes; Biology with F. W. True as head; and Geology with G. P. Merrill in charge The Bureau of Ethnology is renamed the Bureau of American Ethnology (BAE) to emphasize the geographic limit of its interests

1903 -- The Division of Physical Anthropology established

1904 -- The Division of Physical Anthropology is incorporated into the Division of Anthropology

1910 -- The USNM moves into the new Natural History Building

1965 -- The Smithsonian Office of Anthropology is created on February 1 The BAE is eliminated and merged with the Office of Anthropology

1968 -- The Smithsonian Office of Anthropology (SOA) of the National Museum of Natural History is retitled the Department of Anthropology on October 29

1973 -- The Research Institute on Immigration and Ethnic Studies (RIIES) is established at the National Museum of Natural History's (NMNH) Center for the Study of Man (CSM) to study the waves of immigration to the United States and its overseas outposts that began in the 1960's

1975 -- The National Anthropological Film Center is established

1981 -- The National Anthropological Film Center is incorporated into the Department of Anthropology

1982 -- The RIIES, part of the CSM at the NMNH, is transferred to the Department of Anthropology

1991 -- NMNH establishes a Repatriation Office

1993 -- The Repatriation Office is incorporated into the Department of Anthropology

Head Curators / Chairs and Associate Chairs of the Department of Anthropology

1897-1902 -- William Henry Holmes

1902-1903 -- Otis T. Mason (acting)

1904-1908 -- Otis T. Mason

1908-1909 -- Walter Hough (acting)

1910-1920 -- William Henry Holmes

1920-1923 -- Walter Hough (acting)

1923-1935 -- Walter Hough

1935-1960 -- Frank M. Setzler

1960-1962 -- T. Dale Stewart

1963-1965 -- Waldo R. Wedel

1965-1967 -- Richard Woodbury

1967-1970 -- Saul H. Riesenberg

1970-1975 -- Clifford Evans

1975-1980 -- William W. Fitzhugh

1980-1985 -- Douglas H. Ubelaker

1985-1988 -- Adrienne L. Kaeppler

1988-1992 -- Donald J. Ortner, with Mindy Zeder

1992-1999 -- Dennis Stanford, with Carolyn Rose

1999-2002 -- Carolyn L. Rose, with Dan Rogers

2002-2005 -- William W. Fitzhugh, with Laurie Burgess

2005-2010 -- J. Daniel Rogers, with Laurie Burgess

2010-2014 -- Mary Jo Arnoldi, with Laurie Burgess

2014-2018 -- Torbin Rick, with Laurie Burgess

2018-2022 -- Igor Krupnik, with Laurie Burgess

2022-2023 -- Laurie Burgess and Richard Potts, co-chairs

2024- -- Joshua A. Bell
Related Materials:
The NAA holds collections of former head curators and department chairs, including the papers of Otis Tufton Mason, Walter Hough, T. Dale Stewart, Waldo Rudolph and Mildred Mott Wedel, Saul H. Riesenberg, Clifford Evans, and Donald J. Ortner; the photographs of Frank Maryl Setzler; and the Richard B. Woodbury collection of drawings of human and animal figures.

Other related collections at the NAA include the papers of Gordon D. Gibson, Eugene I. Knez, and Betty J. Meggers and Clifford Evans; and the records of the Bureau of American Ethnology, the Center for the Study of Man, and the River Basin Surveys.
Provenance:
This collection was transferred to the National Anthropological Archives (NAA) by the National Museum of Natural History's Department of Anthropology in multiple accessions.
Restrictions:
Some materials are restricted.

Access to the Department of Anthropology records requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Anthropology  Search this
Ethnology  Search this
Archaeology  Search this
Citation:
Department of Anthropology Records, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.XXXX.0311
See more items in:
Department of Anthropology records
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3da0f5297-c324-47c1-96dd-171f6edd11b6
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-xxxx-0311

Exhibit of Navajo blankets in Chicago department store window

Creator:
Taylor, J. W.  Search this
Hrdlicka, Ales (Collector)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (010 in x 008 in mounted on 010 in x 008 in)
Container:
Box XV:29, Folder 13-17
Culture:
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
1899
Scope and Contents:
Blanket Collection of Major L. P. Davison, USA (Collected 1890-1896) Displayed in Department Store Window
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.02288500
Local Note:
Black and white photoprint on standard card
Place:
Illinois -- Chicago
Topic:
Navaho  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 24 SPC Sw Navaho No # Crafts 02288500, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects / Series 1: America north of Mexico / Southwest / Navaho
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3a5e1fa4a-984c-414d-9ec3-308c111068a8
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-24-ref20155
Online Media:

Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Extent:
18,000 Items (ca. 18,000 items)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Negatives
Prints
Works of art
Printed material
Date:
1840s-1960s
Scope and Contents:
The collections consists mostly of original and copy prints. There are also some negatives, artwork, photographs of artwork, and printed materials. Included is a large miscellany of ethnological, historical, and some archaeological subjects collected by the Bureau of American Ethnology from a wide variety of sources. To these have been added some photographs and other illustrative material acquired and sometimes accessioned by the Department of Anthropology of the United States National Museum/National Museum of Natural History. There are also prints of photographs from the archives' collection of glass negatives of Indians and the subject and geographic file. Although most of the material relates to North America, some images relating to historical events and to areas outside North America are included.
The relationship beween this collection and the National Anthropological Archives series of numbered manuscripts is close, for many of the accessions to the photographic collection were originally described in the catalog to the numbered manuscripts and are, hence, identified by a manuscript number. Today, the archives treat the two collections as separate entities, however, because there has been so much interfiling of uncatalog images among those with the manuscript numbers.
Arrangement:
The arrangement is complicated: (1) America north of Mexico, divided by geographic region and tribe based on George P. Murdock and Timothy J. O'Leary's scheme in Ethnographic Bilbiography of North America, 1975. The material is further subdivided by the organization that acted in the past as repository (Bureau of American Ethnology, United States National Museum [Department of Anthropology], National Museum of Natural History [Department of Anthropology], Smithsonian Office of Anthropology, and National Anthropological Archives). Thereunder it is divided into catalog unit or comparable categories generally based on provenance; (2) miscellany, historical and unidentified; (3) archaeology, arranged by geographic area; (4) Latin America; (5) material which did not lend itself to classification in categories given above and is identified by National Anthropological Archives catalog numbers.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Negatives
Prints
Works of art
Printed material
Citation:
Photo lot 24, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.24
See more items in:
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3e08670ad-b881-4c35-9eb8-e196b039e553
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-24
Online Media:

Guide to photographic collections at the Smithsonian Institution / Diane Vogt O'Connor, [editor]

Author:
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Redding, Joan  Search this
Vogt-O'Connor, Diane  Search this
Subject:
Smithsonian Institution Photograph collections  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.) Photograph collections  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Photograph collections  Search this
National Zoological Park (U.S.) Photograph collections  Search this
Smithsonian Astropysical Observatory Photograph collections  Search this
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute Photograph collections  Search this
Physical description:
4 volumes : illustrations ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1989
©1989-©1995
Topic:
National Air and Space Museum--Photograph collections  Search this
Call number:
Q11 .S79
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_383012

Blanket - Button Blanket

Collector:
Gov John G. Brady  Search this
Donor Name:
Mrs. Edward H. Harriman  Search this
Culture:
Indian  Search this
Tsimshian (?)  Search this
Object Type:
Blanket
Place:
Alaska, United States, North America
Accession Date:
7 Jun 1912
Collection Date:
1878 to 1909
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
054171
USNM Number:
E274676-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3bd0d7893-4c58-4cca-88b0-330fbd56bd45
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8380088
Online Media:

Website Records, 2020

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Subject:
Institute for Biodiversity Genomics  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.)  Search this
National Zoological Park (U.S.)  Search this
Smithsonian Environmental Research Center  Search this
Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute  Search this
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute  Search this
Type:
Electronic records
Collection descriptions
Web sites
Date:
2020
Topic:
Web sites  Search this
Museums--Public relations  Search this
Research  Search this
Genomics  Search this
Biodiversity  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 22-056
See more items in:
Website Records 1995-2023 [Smithsonian Institution]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_404708

Agency history, 1963-

Creator:
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Department of Mineral Sciences  Search this
Subject:
Switzer, George S (George Shirley) 1915-2008  Search this
Mason, Brian (Brian Harold) 1917-2009  Search this
Melson, William G. 1938-  Search this
Fudali, Robert F  Search this
Post, Jeffrey Edward  Search this
MacPherson, Glenn J  Search this
Appleman, Daniel E  Search this
b Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Department of Geology  Search this
Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Department of Paleobiology  Search this
Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Division of Mineralogy and Petrology  Search this
Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Division of Mineralogy  Search this
Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Division of Meteorites  Search this
Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Division of Petrology  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Division of Petrology and Volcanology  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Global Volcanism Program  Search this
Type:
Mixed archival materials
Date:
1963
1963-
Topic:
Geology  Search this
Mineralogy  Search this
Meteorites  Search this
Petrology  Search this
Volcanology  Search this
Local number:
SIA AH00039
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_218058

W.H. Simpson in Uniform with Infant in Cradleboard, and Horse

Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (005 in x 007 in)
Container:
Box XV:30, Folder 4-7
Box XV:31, Folder 1-4
Culture:
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
1901
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.02298800

OPPS NEG SI.54627
Local Note:
Black and white photoprint
Place:
Arizona -- Keams Canyon?
Topic:
Navaho  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 24 SPC Sw Navaho No # People 02298800, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects / Series 1: America north of Mexico / Southwest / Navaho
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw312245b02-2467-470e-9230-3620b64a8d40
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-24-ref20216

Gordon Davis Gibson papers

Creator:
Gibson, Gordon D. (Gordon Davis), 1915-2007  Search this
Names:
Center for the Study of Man (Smithsonian Institution)  Search this
Lewis, Kepler-Morden African Expedition  Search this
National Anthropological Film Center (U.S.)  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.)  Search this
Smithsonian Institution. Museum of Man  Search this
Smithsonian Institution. United States National Museum. Expedition to Madagascar -- 1962  Search this
Estermann, Carlos  Search this
Lomax, Alan, 1915-2002  Search this
Marshall, Lawrence Kennedy, 1898-1980  Search this
Mohun, Richard Dorsey  Search this
Perry, Matthew Calbraith, 1794-1858  Search this
Reining, Priscilla  Search this
Taunt, Emory H.  Search this
Tisdel, Willard P.  Search this
Verner, Samuel Phillips, 1873-1943  Search this
Ward, Herbert, 1863-1919  Search this
Correspondent:
Adams, Robert McCormick (Americanist)  Search this
Bohannan, Paul James  Search this
Cavendish, Marian W.  Search this
Dibble, Charles  Search this
Doyle, David W.  Search this
Fenkykovi, J.J.  Search this
Gill, Lunda Hoyle  Search this
Hartley, G.W.  Search this
Mead, Margaret, 1901-1978  Search this
O'Bryan, Deric  Search this
Robbins, Warren M.  Search this
Stanley, Jo Ann T.  Search this
Stone, Janet  Search this
Summers, Roger  Search this
Tax, Sol, 1907-1995  Search this
Thieme, Darius and Mimi  Search this
Trousdale, William  Search this
Turnbull, Colin  Search this
Wagley, Charles, 1913-1991  Search this
Wentzel, Volkmar Kurt, 1915-2006  Search this
Photographer:
Duggan-Cronin, A. M. (Alfred Martin), 1874-  Search this
Friedmann, Herbert, 1900-1987  Search this
Lewis, Ralph Kepler  Search this
Wentzel, Volkmar Kurt, 1915-2006  Search this
Extent:
95 Linear feet (154 document boxes, 1 manuscript folder, 63 card file boxes, 1 oversize box, plus 64 microfilm reels, 137 sound recordings, 3 map folders, and 3 sets of rolled maps )
Culture:
Kuba  Search this
Bayei (African people)  Search this
Bushmen  Search this
Kuvale (African people)  Search this
Mbundu (African people)  Search this
Mbandieru (African people)  Search this
Keyu  Search this
Kongo (African people)  Search this
Herero (African people)  Search this
Himba (African people)  Search this
Hakawona  Search this
Diriku (African people)  Search this
Turkana  Search this
Tchavikwa  Search this
Suk (African people)  Search this
Suk  Search this
Ovambo (African people)  Search this
Nzima (African people)  Search this
Nyaneka (African people)  Search this
Ndongona (African people)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
Namibia
Botswana
Angola
Date:
1936-2007
Summary:
This collection is comprised of the professional papers of Gordon D. Gibson. The collection contains his correspondence, field notes, research files, museum records, writings, photographs, sound recordings, and maps.The bulk of the collection consists of Gibson's southwestern Africa research. This includes his field notes, film scripts, photographs, sound recordings, and grant proposals he wrote in support of his fieldwork in Botswana, Namibia, and Angola. In addition, the collection contains his research notes, maps, drafts, publications, and papers presented at conferences. While most of his research focused on the Herero and Himba, the collection also contains his research on the Ovambo and Okavango and other southwestern African groups. In the collection is a great deal of photocopies and microfilms of literature on southwestern African ethnic groups, many of which are in Portuguese and German and which he had translated for his files. He was also interested in African material culture, especially Central African headgear. His research on African caps is well-represented in the collection, and includes photos of caps at various museums, source materials, research notes, and textile samples of knots and loop work. Gibson's files as the curator of African ethnology at the National Museum of Natural History also make up a significant portion of the collection. Among these records are his files for the museum's Hall of African Cultures and other African exhibits; his files on the museum's African collections, early donors and collectors of the collections; his personnel files; documents relating to his committee work; department and museum memos; meeting minutes; and his records as head of the Old World Division and acting chair of the department. The collection also documents the efforts to establish the Smithsonian's National Anthropological Film Center, now the Human Studies Film Archives, as well as his work on the planning committee to establish the Museum of Man at the Smithsonian. Memos and minutes relating to the Smithsonian's Center for the Study of Man are also present in the collection. In addition to Gibson's field photos, the collection also contains African photos taken by others. Among these are Herbert Friedmann's photos of Kenya; Hausmann's Libya photos; photos by Ralph Kepler Lewis during the Morden Africa Expedition in Kenya; and photos by Lawrence Marshall, Volkmar Wentzel, Alfred Martin Duggan Cronin, and Father Carlos Estermann. There are also photos of the exhibit cases from the Hall of African Cultures; photos of Smithsonian and non-Smithsonian African artifacts; and copies of photographs he obtained from different archives, including the National Anthropological Archives. Other materials in the collection include his files as film reviews editor for the American Anthropologist during the 1960s and 70s and his activities in different organizations.
Arrangement:
Arranged into 19 series: (1) Correspondence, 1938-1998; (2) Southwestern Africa Research, 1951-2004; (3) Caps Research; (4) Nineteenth Century Collectors; (5) General Research Files; (6) Exhibits, 1959-2007; (7) Curatorial Files, 1936-1984; (8) National Anthropological Film Center, 1965-1983; (9) Museum of Man, 1952-1981 [bulk 1968-1981]; (10) Center for the Study of Man (1967-1979); (11) Writings, 1947-1981; (12) Organizations; (13) Daily Log, 1958-1983; (14) Personal Files ; (15) Card Files; (16) Photographs, circa 1904-1983 [bulk 1953-1983]; (17) Microfilm; (18) Maps; (19) Sound Recordings
Biographical Note:
Gordon D. Gibson (1915-2007) was trained at the University of Chicago (Ph.D., 1952) and joined the staff of the Smithsonian's Department of Anthropology in 1958 as its curator of African ethnology. He served in that capacity until 1983. During the 1960s, he undertook a major renovation of the National Museum of Natural History's African exhibits, which had been on display since the 1920s. He developed the Hall of African Cultures, which opened in 1969 and remained on view until 1992. He was also instrumental in establishing the National Anthropological Film Center, now the Human Studies Film Archives. During his tenure, he also served as the first chairman of the Senate of Scientists of the National Museum of Natural History (1963-1964), chairman of the museum's photographic facilities committee (1968), member of the Center for the Study of Man, and member and chairman of the Department of Anthropology collections committee and its photographs records committee (1970s-1980s). He also had special interests in the department's library and processing lab. In 1980, he was chairman of a committee which studied the feasibility of establishing a Smithsonian Institution Museum of Man. Gibson held several offices and committee memberships with the Anthropological Society of Washington during the during the 1960s and 1970s and served as film review editor of the American Anthropologist. Gibson conducted fieldwork among the Herero and Himba in Botswana (1953, 1960-61), Namibia (1960-61, 1971-73), and Angola (1971-73). Articles produced from his field research include "Bridewealth and Other Forms of Exchange Among the Herero," "Double Descent and Its Correlates among the Herero of Ngamiland," "Herero Marriage," and "Himba Epochs." While in the field, he also filmed footage of the Herero, Himba, Zimba, and Kuvale. His edited films include Herero of Ngamiland (1953), Himba Wedding (1969), and The Himba (1972). In addition to the Herero and Himba, he also conducted research on the Okavango and Ovambo people. He edited and translated Carlos Estermann's Ethnography of Southwestern Angola (published in 3 volumes in 1976-81) and edited and contributed to The Kavango Peoples (1981). Gibson's research interests also included Central African headgear, coauthoring High Status Caps of the Kongo and Mbundu (1977) with Cecilia R. McGurk.
Related Materials:
Other materials relating to Gordon Gibson at the National Anthropological Archives can be found in the Records of the Department of Anthropology, Records of the Bureau of American Ethnology, and the Records of the American Anthropological Association.

The Human Studies Film Archives holds his films on the Herero, Himba, Kuvale, and Zimba.

The Smithsonian Institution Archives has materials relating to Gibson's work as the first chairman of the Senate of Scientists.
Provenance:
The papers of Gordon D. Gibson were received in three separate accessions. The first accession (comprised of correspondence; committee files; and materials relating to the Herbert Ward collection, the National Anthropological Film Center, the Center for the Study of Man, and the Museum of Man) was transferred to the National Anthropological Archives by Gibson after his retirement. A guide to this accession was created in 2001. An accretion (consisting of correspondence, fieldwork and research files, curatorial files, writings, photographs, sound recordings, and maps) was transferred to the archives by Gibson's family in 2007. His exhibition and museum specimen files were transferred to the archives in 2008 by the Department of Anthropology.
Restrictions:
The Gordon Davis Gibson papers are open for research. Access to the computer disks in the collection are restricted due to preservation concerns. The personnel files of Smithsonian staff have also been restricted.

Access to the Gordon Davis Gibson papers requires an appointment.
Topic:
Africa -- Ethnology  Search this
American Anthropologist -- film editor  Search this
Headwear -- Africa, Central  Search this
Exhibitions -- National Museum of Natural History  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Gordon Davis Gibson papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.1984-13
See more items in:
Gordon Davis Gibson papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw379619042-2f6c-46c7-8819-45a504628089
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-1984-13

Mr. Collins, Indian Affairs Commissioner, in Conference With Sioux Delegation

Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Extent:
1 Safety film negative (005 in x 004 in)
Container:
Box IX:23, Folder 7
Box IX:24, Folder 4
Culture:
Sioux  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Safety film negative
Photographs
Date:
27 NOV 1941
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.01613500

NAA MS.4638
Local Note:
Black and white safety film negative
Topic:
Sioux  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 24 SPC Plains Dakota BAE 4638 01613500, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects / Series 1: America north of Mexico / Plains / Dakota
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3ac51008c-6e71-420a-b683-0b30009467fb
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-24-ref15838

Mr. Collins, Indian Affairs Commissioner, in Conference With Sioux Delegation

Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Extent:
1 Safety film negative (005 in x 004 in)
Container:
Box IX:23, Folder 7
Box IX:24, Folder 4
Culture:
Sioux  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Safety film negative
Photographs
Date:
27 NOV 1941
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.01613600

NAA MS.4638
Local Note:
Black and white safety film negative
Topic:
Sioux  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 24 SPC Plains Dakota BAE 4638 01613600, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects / Series 1: America north of Mexico / Plains / Dakota
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3a8c66b0d-d9d2-4f97-98a9-f287fe3d1d1e
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-24-ref15839

Carrie Anderson San Pierre and Two Children

Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (005 in x 004 in)
Container:
Box IX:30, Folder 5
Culture:
Sioux  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.01758000
Local Note:
Cast of Subject's Head Taken by Clark Mills in NMNH
Black and white photoprint
Topic:
Sioux  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 24 SPC Plains Dakota NM No # 01758000, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects / Series 1: America north of Mexico / Plains / Dakota
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3227480b8-3ae4-498b-bd90-de377ab4d413
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-24-ref16458

Joseph Winnebago and Family

Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (005 in x 004 in)
Container:
Box IX:30, Folder 5
Culture:
Sioux  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.01758100
Local Note:
Cast of Subject's Head Taken by Clark Mills in NMNH
Black and white photoprint
Topic:
Sioux  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 24 SPC Plains Dakota NM No # 01758100, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects / Series 1: America north of Mexico / Plains / Dakota
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3475082c1-62fc-4df7-ae89-c05d13fc04d8
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-24-ref16459

James Wicakasaka Holding Child; Woman and Four Men

Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (005 in x 004 in)
Container:
Box IX:30, Folder 5
Culture:
Sioux  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.01758200
Local Note:
Cast of Subject's Head Taken by Clark Mills in NMNH
Black and white photoprint
Topic:
Sioux  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 24 SPC Plains Dakota NM No # 01758200, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects / Series 1: America north of Mexico / Plains / Dakota
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw31f6d45ab-d172-4fc8-8be5-b61fcb0ace84
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-24-ref16460

Group on Horseback

Creator:
Mooney, James, 1861-1921  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (vintage photoprint, 007in x 004inmounted on 008in x 005in)
Culture:
Kiowa  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1891
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.00636000

OPPS NEG.77-7108
Local Note:
Black and white vintage photoprint on cardboard mount
Place:
Oklahoma -- Kiowa-Comanche Reservation
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 24 SPC Plains Kiowa BAE 1-24 00636000, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects / Series 1: America north of Mexico / Plains / Kiowa
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3a39f0aa1-29e9-462b-9dc2-fbdadb2ab18c
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-24-ref1055

View of Grassy Plain with Hills in Distance

Creator:
Mooney, James, 1861-1921  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (vintage photoprint, 007in x 004inmounted on 008in x 005in)
Culture:
Kiowa  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1891
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.00636200
Local Note:
Black and white vintage photoprint on standard card
Place:
Oklahoma -- Kiowa-Comanche Reservaiion ? 0063620050601photoprint
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 24 SPC Plains Kiowa BAE 1-24 00636200, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects / Series 1: America north of Mexico / Plains / Kiowa
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw307e8b129-0120-48ec-a2d0-a7d478534d7c
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-24-ref1056

Group Riding Across Grassy Plain

Creator:
Mooney, James, 1861-1921  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (vintage photoprint, 007in x 004inmounted on 008in x 005in)
Culture:
Kiowa  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1891
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.00636300

OPPS NEG.91-17118
Local Note:
Kodak Round Image
Black and white vintage photoprint on standard card
Place:
Oklahoma -- Kiowa-Comanche Reservation
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 24 SPC Plains Kiowa BAE 1-24 00636300, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects / Series 1: America north of Mexico / Plains / Kiowa
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3ea73408b-d58a-4b9c-a569-6c616fa3eb97
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-24-ref1057

Group near Wagon

Creator:
Mooney, James, 1861-1921  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (vintage photoprint, 004in x 006in mounted on 004in x 007 in)
Culture:
Kiowa  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1891
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.00636400

OPPS NEG.82- 2774
Local Note:
Black and white vintage photoprint on standard card
Place:
Oklahoma -- Kiowa-Comanche Reservation
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 24 SPC Plains Kiowa BAE 1-24 00636400, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects / Series 1: America north of Mexico / Plains / Kiowa
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3abab8ac4-a4e4-43c7-80d1-11ed2a357d42
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-24-ref1058

Adalpepti [Frizzle Head]

Creator:
Mooney, James, 1861-1921  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (vintage photoprint, 004in x 004in mounted on 005in x 006 in)
Culture:
Kiowa  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1892
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.00636500

OPPS NEG.77-7109
Local Note:
Kodak Round Image
Black and white vintage photoprint on cardboard mount
Place:
Oklahoma -- Kiowa-Comanche Reservation
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 24 SPC Plains Kiowa BAE 1-24 00636500, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects / Series 1: America north of Mexico / Plains / Kiowa
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3e41592d2-01aa-4668-9e26-675c2c36ff40
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-24-ref1059

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