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Leslie Company Photograph Albums

Donor:
Leslie Company  Search this
Collector:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Transportation  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of History of Technology  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Work and Industry  Search this
Extent:
1 Cubic foot (2 volumes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1890-1900
Scope and Contents:
Two albums of photographs depicting rotary snow plows for railroads.
Arrangement:
1 series.
Biographical / Historical:
Started near the turn of the twentieth century by John Leslie, the Leslie Company was established to automate the removal of snow in railroads through the production of steam powered rotary plows, as well as other types of steam equipment.
Provenance:
Collection donated by the Leslie Company, 1968.
Restrictions:
Collection open for research on site by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Snow protection  Search this
Steam engineers  Search this
Steam-engines  Search this
Snow removal  Search this
Snow plows  Search this
Railroads -- Equipment and facilities  Search this
Steam engineering  Search this
Citation:
Leslie Company Photograph Albums, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1182
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep862052bc4-b7da-4672-bf59-4ce91b5736b6
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1182

Philadelphia and Reading Railroad Company Records

Creator:
Philadelphia & Reading Railroad Co.  Search this
Names:
Atlantic City Railroad  Search this
Mine Hill & Schuylkill Haven Railroad  Search this
Reading Belt Railroad  Search this
Bines, William H.  Search this
Boggs, George B.  Search this
Buckholz, Charles W.  Search this
Byers, Charles E.  Search this
Chamberlain, E.C.  Search this
Davis, N.M.  Search this
Gowen, Franklin B.  Search this
Jamison, Robert  Search this
Keim, George DeB  Search this
Lorenz, William  Search this
Manning, Charles P.  Search this
Nichols, Henry K.  Search this
Rice, George  Search this
Richardson, F.E.  Search this
Royers, John H.  Search this
Steele, J. Dutton  Search this
Thompson, J.W.  Search this
Whitney, E.S.  Search this
Wilson, H.T.  Search this
Wootten, John E.  Search this
Yarington, T.O.  Search this
Zacharias, H.C.  Search this
Collector:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Transportation  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Engineering and Industry  Search this
Extent:
18 Cubic feet (78 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Right of way deeds
Reports
Letterpress copybooks
Mechanical drawings
Estimates
Financial statements
Circular letters
Bills
Accident reports
Correspondence
Place:
Lackawanna County (Pa.)
Luzerne County (Pa.)
Cressona (Pa.)
Harrisburg (Pa.)
Norristown (Pa.)
Philadelphia (Pa.)
New Jersey
Sumerton (Pa.)
Cheltenham (Pa.)
Sunbury (Pa.)
Reading (Pa.)
Trenton (N.J.)
Schuylkill County (Pa.)
Pennsylvania
Date:
1860-1936
Summary:
Collection of engineering reports and correspondence from the Engineering Department of the Philadelphia and Reading Railroad Company. The Philadelphia and Reading Railroad was most used for the transportation of anthracite coal within Pennsylvania from 1833 through the early 1970s.
Scope and Contents:
Primarily outgoing correspondence from the Engineering Department of the Philadelphia & Reading Railroad Company, the remainder being engineering reports and other miscellaneous papers.

Series 1: Letterpress Copybooks consists of 219 volumes from various engineers, each with own index (1865-1892): were generated by Chief Engineer, Assistant Chief Engineer, various resident engineers, other lower-level engineers, and the Chief Road-Master. Bulk of copybooks created by William H. Bines and Henry K. Nichols during long careers with the Philadelphia & Reading. Other volumes contain letters and reports by Charles W. Buckholz, Charles E. Byers, William Lorenz, and others. Correspondence covers all aspects of the engineering operations of the railroad, much of it at highest levels, being addressed to the Presidents of the Reading. Also includes one letterbook from John E. Wooten (1865), Superintendent.

Series 2: Reports of Chief Engineer to Auditor, 1908-1910; structural design calculation notebooks, 1901-1935; right of way deeds, 1903; and tracings of assorted machine parts.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into five series.

Series 1: Letterpress Copybooks, 1866-1870

Series 2: Chief Engineer Standard Plans, 1904-1942 Series 3: Construction Reports, 1901-1913

Series 4: Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) Valuation of Railroads, 1913-1922

Series 5: Reports and Miscellaneous Papers, 1860-1936
Biographical / Historical:
This railroad was chartered in 1833 to provide low-cost transportation from the Schuylkill and Mahanoy anthracite coal fields in eastern Pennsylvania to Philadelphia. Main line from Philadelphia to Pottsville opened 1842. Reading expanded by acquiring other railroads, and by 1869 had monopoly of coal traffic from Schuylkill anthracite region.

Expansion accelerated when Franklin B. Gowen became president (1869) and attempted to dominate entire anthracite trade. Purchased Schuylkill Canal (1870) to eliminate competition for coal trade; then organized the Philadelphia & Reading Coal & Iron Company in 1871 to purchase and operate coal mines; secured over 40 percent of U.S. anthracite reserves, but debt incurred led railroad to bankruptcy and receivership (1880). Gowen's reckless style drove the Reading into second receivership (1886), and he was forced to resign.

Gowen's Successor, Archibald A. McLeod, tried to increase company control over anthracite trade (1892-1893), then control of several New England railroads. The Reading went bankrupt again and McLeod was ousted. In a reorganization (1896), the Philadelphia & Reading Railroad and the Coal & Iron Company became properties of the Reading Company, a holding company. Later additions to system were infrequent and largely confined to short branches and improvements inalignment. Due to anti-trust proceedings, company divested mining subsidiary (1923) and merged wholly owned railroad companies into an operating company. Acquired Lehigh & Susquehanna Railroad 1963, went bankrupt in early 1970s, and conveyed portions of its lines to Conrail (1976). The reorganized Reading Company retains real estate and other non-rail holdings.
Related Materials:
Hagley Museum & Library, Manuscripts & Archives Department, P.O. Box 3630, Wilmington, Delaware 19807.
Provenance:
Collection donated by the Reading Company, Philadelphia, Pa., 1960s.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Railroad accidents  Search this
Railroad engineering  Search this
Railroads -- New Jersey  Search this
Railroads -- Buildings and structures  Search this
Coal mines and mining -- Pennsylvania  Search this
Coal -- Pennsylvania  Search this
Railroad companies -- Pennsylvania  Search this
Engineering  Search this
Engineers  Search this
Railroad engineers  Search this
Coal -- Transportation  Search this
Anthracite coal industry  Search this
Railroads -- Surveying  Search this
Railroad tracks  Search this
Railroads -- Maintenance and repair  Search this
Railroads -- Signalling  Search this
Transportation  Search this
Railroads -- Pennsylvania  Search this
Genre/Form:
Right of way deeds
Reports
Letterpress copybooks
Mechanical drawings
Estimates
Financial statements
Circular letters
Bills
Accident reports
Correspondence -- 1930-1950
Citation:
Philadelphia and Reading Railroad Company Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0208
See more items in:
Philadelphia and Reading Railroad Company Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8e44f13bf-04bf-4b9e-a922-1f180aa7a596
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0208

Hyde Windlass Company Blueprints and Drawings

Creator:
Hyde Windlass Company  Search this
Names:
Bath Iron Works.  Search this
Hyde, General Thomas W.  Search this
Former owner:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Transportation  Search this
Extent:
2 Cubic feet (2 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Blueprints
Place:
Maine
Date:
circa 1895-1950
Summary:
The Hyde Windlass Company was founded in 1895 for the manufacture of deck machinery. Growing interest in marine transportation and the necessity for it because of wars increased the company's size enabling it to design and manufacture a larger variety of products from propellers and marine fittings to other heavy machine assemblies.
Scope and Contents:
Blueprints and drawings for the company's manufacturing of marine machinery and equipment.
Biographical / Historical:
The Hyde Windlass Company was founded in 1895 for the manufacture of deck machinery. Growing interest in marine transportation and the necessity for it because of wars increased the company's size enabling it to design and manufacture a larger variety of products from propellers and marine fittings to other heavy machine assemblies.
Provenance:
Collection donated by Hyde Windlass Company, Bath, Maine.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Shipping  Search this
Ships -- Equipment and supplies  Search this
Marine machinery  Search this
Naval architecture -- Designs and plans  Search this
Marine engineering  Search this
Deck (Naval architecture)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Blueprints
Citation:
Hyde Windlass Company, ca. 1895-1950, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0239
See more items in:
Hyde Windlass Company Blueprints and Drawings
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep87917a8ae-23cd-41d8-8efc-2d79abd795ec
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0239

Historic American Merchant Marine Survey Records

Creator:
United States. Works Progress Administration  Search this
Names:
Historic American Merchant Marine Survey  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Transportation  Search this
United States. Work Projects Administration  Search this
Jackson, Melvin H.  Search this
Extent:
18.5 Cubic feet (79 volumes, 10 rolls)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Records
Tracings
Notes
Drawings
Place:
Great Lakes (North America)
Date:
1936-1937.
Scope and Contents:
This collection is comprised of over 18 cubic feet of material generated during the course of the Historic American Merchant Marine Survey. The bulk of the collection consists of survey books and measured drawings. Other records include administrative papers relating to the project, an index and catalogue, and a listing of the names of vessels surveyed.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into five series.

Series 1: H.A.M.M.S. Index

Series 2: H.A.M.M.S. Catalogue

Series 3: Names of Vessels, 1789-

Series 4: Field Notes

Series 5: Drawings
Biographical / Historical:
The Historic American Merchant Marine Survey (HAMMS) was one of six projects created by the Works Progress Administration (WPA) to provide work for unemployed skilled or "white collar" workers. These projects were intended to provide work which was both useful and appropriate to the skills and experience of workers who were not suited for more traditional work programs involving manual or outdoor labor. The specific goal of HAMMS was to undertake a national survey of watercraft, in order to document the design and technical evolution of vessel types significant in America's commercial maritime history. This was to be accomplished by making measured drawings of existing vessels, ship models, and builders' half models; by making a photographic record of significant vessels; and by compiling written data about vessels.

The HAMMS program was in existence from January 1, 1936 to October 15, 1937. The Smithsonian Institution served as the official sponsor of the Survey and received all the documentation produced, thus augmenting its already significant National Watercraft Collection. Unlike other WPA projects, HAMMS was administered directly from Washington by its Director, Eric J. Steinlein, who coordinated the survey work of six regional directors. Despite its national mandate, the Survey actually was limited to the eastern seaboard, the Great Lakes, and California. Furthermore, the types of craft surveyed and the level of documentation varied considerably within the six regions. During the course of its existence, the HAMMS program conducted over 166 surveys and produced over 400 sheets of line drawings of ship's hulls, rigging, and details.
Provenance:
The materials in this collection were turned over to the Smithsonian soon after the completion of the project in 1937.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Naval architecture -- Designs and plans  Search this
Genre/Form:
Records
Tracings
Notes
Drawings -- 1930-1940
Citation:
Historic American Merchant Marine Survey, 1936-1937, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0240
See more items in:
Historic American Merchant Marine Survey Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8443f9cfa-58e1-4567-8e9f-8101d76a8db2
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0240
Online Media:

Exhibition Records, 1915-2014, 2020

Creator:
National Museum of American History (U.S.) Division of Work and Industry  Search this
Subject:
Stine, Jeffrey K  Search this
Worthington, William E. 1948-  Search this
Lubar, Steven D  Search this
Daniel, Pete  Search this
Johnston, Paul Forsythe 1950-  Search this
Harrison, Michael  Search this
Johnson, Paula J. 1954-  Search this
Finn, Bernard S. 1932-  Search this
Vining, Margaret  Search this
Chase, Lynn  Search this
Kendrick, Kathleen M  Search this
Battison, Edwin A  Search this
Stephens, Carlene E. 1949-  Search this
Post, Robert C  Search this
Withuhn, William L  Search this
Bishop, Philip W  Search this
Schlebecker, John T  Search this
Vogel, Robert M  Search this
White, John H. 1933-  Search this
Hoffman, John Nathan  Search this
Klose, Claudine  Search this
Sharrer, G. Terry  Search this
Henkel, Lowell L  Search this
Doyle, Aida M  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.) Division of the History of Technology  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.) Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.) Division of Mechanisms  Search this
Museum of History and Technology (U.S.) Division of Mechanical and Civil Engineering  Search this
National Museum of History and Technology (U.S.) Division of Extractive Industries  Search this
National Museum of History and Technology (U.S.) Division of Manufacturing  Search this
National Museum of History and Technology (U.S.) Division of Agriculture and Mining  Search this
National Museum of History and Technology (U.S.) Division of Agriculture and Forest Products  Search this
Museum of History and Technology (U.S.) Division of Industrial Cooperation  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.) Division of Transportation  Search this
United States National Museum Division of Mineral Technology  Search this
United States National Museum Section of Organic Chemistry  Search this
United States National Museum Section of Chemical Industries  Search this
Physical description:
40.84 cu. ft. unprocessed holdings
Type:
Video recordings
Color photographs
Black-and-white negatives
Black-and-white photographs
Clippings
Brochures
Manuscripts
Color transparencies
Drawings
Floor plans
Compact discs
Audiotapes
Newspapers
Books
Picture postcards
Exhibition catalogs
Digital versatile discs
Artifacts
Color negatives
Electronic records
Ephemera
Pamphlets
Digital images
Date:
1915
1915-2020
1915-2014, 2020
Topic:
Technology--History  Search this
Museum exhibits  Search this
Agriculture--History  Search this
Navigation--History  Search this
Electricity--History  Search this
Military education  Search this
Scientific apparatus and instruments  Search this
Clocks and watches  Search this
Autonomous vehicles  Search this
Mining engineering  Search this
Forest products  Search this
Nuclear energy  Search this
Petroleum  Search this
Steel  Search this
Iron  Search this
Loans  Search this
Congresses and conventions  Search this
Contracts  Search this
Museums--Educational aspects  Search this
Speeches, addresses, etc  Search this
Committees  Search this
Textile fabrics  Search this
Rubber  Search this
Coal  Search this
Traveling exhibitions  Search this
Museum curators  Search this
Local number:
SIA RS00388
Restrictions & Rights:
Materials less than 15 years old Restricted. Contact reference staff for details
See more items in:
Exhibition Records 1915-2014, 2020 [National Museum of American History (U.S.) Division of Work and Industry]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_223016

John H. White, Jr. Railroad Reference Collection

Collector:
Watkins, J. Elfreth (John Elfreth), 1852-1903  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Transportation  Search this
Creator:
White, John H., 1933-  Search this
Extent:
31.33 Cubic feet (94 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Ephemera
Manuscripts
Writings
Articles
Photographs
Photocopies
Research
Date:
1880s-1990
Scope and Contents:
The archivist has arranged the collection into five separate series: Series 1: CAR BUILDERS, arranged alphabetically by company or individual. Series 2: EQUIPMENT - ROLLING STOCK, arranged in two sections: alphabetically by White's heading: Articles in Progress and alphabetical by type of railroad car under White's heading: Research Files for Book in Progress. Series 3: LOCOMOTIVES, arranged alphabetically by Locomotive builders in two sections, first by individual company and second by individuals. Series 4: RAILROAD COMPANIES AND LINES, arranged alphabetically by railroad companies and railroad lines. Series 5: PUBLICATIONS, White's files for his book The American Railroad Freight Car, which are arranged into two sections, Illustrations and Text. Both sections are arranged numerically by chapters or sections of the book.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into five series. Most material arranged alphabetically and chronologically.

Series 1: Car Builders

Series 2: Equipment--Rolling Stock

Subseries 2.1: Articles in progress

Subseries 2.2: Research Files for Books in Progress

Series 3: Locomotives

Series 4: Railroad Companies and Lines

Series 5: Publications
Biographical / Historical:
John H. White, Jr., (1933- ), historian and museum curator, was born in Cincinnati, Ohio. He graduated with a B.A. in history from Miami University, Ohio, in 1958. Shortly after receiving his degree, White joined the staff of the Smithsonian Institution as Assistant Curator of the Division of Transportation, Department of Science and Technology, National Museum of History and Technology (NMHT). White became Associate Curator of the Division, 1961-1966, Curator, 1967-1985, and Senior Historian, 1986-1989. White specialized in land transportation, particularly the history of railroads. He retired in 1990. His papers, the John H. White, Jr., Papers, circa 1959-1989 are at the Smithsonian Institution Archives.

This collection of railroad materials was begun many years ago by employees of the Smithsonian Institution, and maintained later by curators and museum specialists working in the Division of Transportation, NMHT, later named the National Museum of American History (NMAH).

Some of the clippings date back to the time of J. Elfreth Watkins in the 1880-1890s. In 1885 Watkins was appointed Curator of the Section of Steam Transportation, which was successively known as Transportation and Engineering, and Technological Collections. Other portions of White's collection were clearly from Carl Mitman, author of several hundred entries on inventors and engineers in the Dictionary of American Biography and a Smithsonian employee who served as Curator of Mechanical Technology in 1919. In 1921 Mitman took the title of Curator of the Divisions of Mineral and Mechanical Technology, serving in this capacity until 1931. In 1931 the Division of Engineering was established. Mitman served as Curator of the Division and in charge of Mineral Technology, 1931-1938, Head Curator of the Department of Arts and Industries, 1932-1938, and Head Curator of the Department of Engineering and Industries, 1938-1948.

Some portions of this collection were acquired under the time of Frank A. Taylor (Mitman's protégé) who was Assistant Curator, 1928-1931, Assistant Curator for Mechanical Technology, 1932, Curator of the Division and in charge of Mechanical Technology, 1932-1948, Head Curator of the Division of Engineering and Industry, 1948-1957. In 1955 Taylor was appointed Assistant Director, United States National Museum (USNM), with special responsibility for planning the new NMHT, and in 1958 was appointed the first Director of the new museum. In 1962 Taylor became Director of the USNM with responsibility for both the National Museum of Natural History and NMHT.

Smith Hempstone Oliver of the Division of Transportation also kept up the files to a degree, though his main interest was in automobiles.

When White started employment at the Museum in June, 1958, there were, perhaps, two file cabinets on railroads. As Mr. White mentions in a letter to the archivist in March of 2002, "It was and is a great mix of odds and ends -- photos, news clippings, small prints, manufacturing catalogs, post cards, etc. Some junk and some treasure."

White found the material very useful for research and greatly expanded the collection. It more than doubled in size during his years in the Division, 1958-1990. The collection was White's working file and was set up to meet his needs. According to White, the collections greatest lack was cross referencing -- which was mostly in his head. He could usually find things but the organization might be confusing to other users. It was not intended for public use.

White is the author of many books on railroads, including:

American Locomotives: An Engineering History, 1830-1880. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1968; 1997.

Early American Locomotives, with 147 engraving. New York: Dover Publications, 1972.

American Single Locomotives and the "Pioneer". Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1973.

The Pioneer, Chicago's First Locomotive. Chicago: Chicago Historical Society, 1976.

The American Railroad Passenger Car. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1978.

The John Bull, 150 Years a Locomotive. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1981.

A Short History of American Locomotive Builders in the Steam Era. Washington, D.C.: Bass, 1982.

Great Yellow Fleet: A History of American Railroad Refrigerator Cars. Golden West Books, 1986

The American Railroad Freight Car: From the Wood-Car Era to the Coming of Steel. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1993.
Provenance:
The manuscript was donated by Jack White in 1995.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Railroads -- History  Search this
Genre/Form:
Ephemera
Manuscripts
Writings
Articles
Photographs -- 19th century
Photocopies
Research
Citation:
John H. White, Jr. Railroad Reference Collection, ca. 1830-1980, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0523
See more items in:
John H. White, Jr. Railroad Reference Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep83b50b7ee-ab37-4b18-b17c-cffb2543738e
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0523
Online Media:

Pittsburgh Locomotive and Car Works Collection

Creator:
Pittsburgh Locomotive and Car Works  Search this
Collector:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Transportation  Search this
Names:
Wightman, D.A., fl.1870s-1890s  Search this
Extent:
1.5 Cubic feet (3 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
Allegheny City (Pa.) -- 1874-1910
Date:
1874-1910
Summary:
Records of the Pittsburgh Locomotive Works and correspondence and personal papers of General Manager Daniel A. Wightman.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of business correspondence 1895-1901 of the company, including correspondence of the General Manager, D.A. Wightman; personal papers of Mr. Daniel A. Wightman including a sketch book, 1874-76; Specifications for locomotives and tenders; price lists; locomotive cost estimates; tests; hauling capacities of locomotives; and conditions of apprenticeship. There are also as 311 blueprints of the company's designs or drawings for various sizes of locomotives.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into ten series.

Series 1: Business Correspondence

Series 2: D.A. Wightman Personal Papers

Series 3: Specifications

Series 4: Price Lists

Series 5: Estimates for Locomotive Construction

Series 6: Locomotive Tests

Series 7: Hauling Capacities of Locomotives

Series 8: Apprenticeship

Series 9: Miscellaneous Notes

Series 10 : Locomotive Designs of the Company
Biographical / Historical:
Pittsburgh Locomotive and Car Works was founded by Andrew Carnegie and T.N. Miller in 1865. Like most other railway companies, Pittsburgh Locomotive and Car Works was involved in designing and building light locomotive engines. Its first locomotive was finished in April, 1867, two years after the Civil War.

An energetic new superintendent, Daniel A. Wightman of Allegheny, Allegheny County, joined the company soon after its founding. The date of his employment with the company is unknown, but Wightman1s sketches of locomotives appear about 1874. In 1893, Wightman applied to the Commissioner of Patents for patent rights over his invention of an improvement in compound engines.

Wightman was the company's Superintendent and General Manager between 1895 and 1900. By the following year, 1901, the company had built a total of 2,400 locomotives. That same year, Pittsburgh Locomotive merged with a new corporation, the American Locomotive Company. The American Locomotive eventually closed the Pittsburgh plant after March, 1919.

Pittsburgh Locomotive Works was one of the first to produce really huge locomotives under Daniel A. Wightman. Many of these engines were sold to other Railway Companies throughout the United States.
Provenance:
Immediate source of acquisition unknown.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Locomotives -- Design and construction -- 1874-1910  Search this
Railroads -- 1874-1910  Search this
Citation:
Pittsburgh Locomotive and Car Works Collection, 1874-1910, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0164
See more items in:
Pittsburgh Locomotive and Car Works Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep801a70874-764a-4ff1-b878-1d20c3bef8e2
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0164
Online Media:

Ross Winans Letterbook

Author:
Winans, Ross, 1796-1877 (railroad equipment supplier)  Search this
Collector:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Transportation  Search this
Extent:
0.15 Cubic feet (1 volume)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Letter books
Place:
Maryland
Date:
1850-1851.
Scope and Contents:
Letterbook contains copies of 417 business letters, arranged chronologically, relating to the manufacture and sale of railroad equipment including locomotive engines, tenders, and car wheels. These letters were replicated in a process similar to carbon copies in an almost perfectly uniform handwriting.
Biographical / Historical:
Winans was an inventor, mechanic, and builder of locomotives and railroad machinery, including wheels, axels, bearings trucks and carriages. In 1828 he developed a friction wheel with outside bearings which established a "distinctive pattern for railroad wheels for the next one hundred years or so. In the late 1820s also he became associated with the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, eventually entering their service as an engineer. He retired from the locomotive business in 1860. When Winans died he left an estate worth over twenty million dollars.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Railroad equipment industry  Search this
Railroads  Search this
Genre/Form:
Letter books
Citation:
Ross Winans Letterbook, 1850-1851, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0155
See more items in:
Ross Winans Letterbook
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep81073d0aa-aaea-41bc-82ac-544977eb689d
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0155
Online Media:

John Stevens Collection

Creator:
Watkins, J. Elfreth (John Elfreth), 1852-1903  Search this
Stevens, John, 1749-1838  Search this
Names:
Camden and Amboy Railroad.  Search this
Danville & Pottsville Railroad Company  Search this
Former owner:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Transportation  Search this
Extent:
0.5 Cubic feet (2 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Correspondence
Place:
Pennsylvania
New Jersey
Date:
1808-1881
Scope and Contents:
The main component of this collection is a double-spaced typewritten document of 858 pages transcribed (apparently in 1903) from original records and consisting of correspondence, newspaper articles, technical descriptions, legal documents, and other material relating to John Stevens, his professional work and career. Some of the correspondence is between Stevens and his rival inventors, such as Robert Fulton, credited with producing the first steamboat.

Other documents in the collection are the orginal papers incorporating the Danville and Pottsville RR in 1831 and a carefully detailed survey and cost estimate of the Camden and Amboy RR in 1830.
Biographical / Historical:
John Stevens (1749 1838) of New York, inventor and engineer, graduated from King's College (now Columbia University) in 1768. Admitted to the New York Bar in 1771, he served as treasurer of New Jersey during the Revolutionary War. He became interested in steam powered navigation in 1787 and for the next fifty years was active in building and promoting steam boats and trains, securing numerous patents, and inventing such important developments as the screw propellor. He established the worlds first steam ferry, between New York City and Hoboken, New Jersey and later built the first operating steam locomotive in the United States Stevens secured a charter from the Legislature of Pennsylvania for the Pennsylvania Railroad, from Philadelphia to Lancaster County. Two of John Stevens' seven sons, Robert and Edwin were also prominent engineers and developers of transportation equipment who collaborated with their father.
Provenance:
Immediate source of acquisition unknown.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Steam engineers  Search this
Steam engineering  Search this
Steam-engines  Search this
Locomotive builders  Search this
Steamboats  Search this
Railroads -- 19th century  Search this
Locomotives  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence -- 1930-1950
Citation:
John Stevens Collection, 1808-1881, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0333
See more items in:
John Stevens Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8a095ab84-8ce1-4525-8c5b-7ba6d8bfaa3a
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0333
Online Media:

Agency history, 1885-1995

Creator:
National Museum of American History (U.S.) Division of Transportation  Search this
Subject:
Withuhn, William L  Search this
Hilton, George Woodman  Search this
Perry, Kenneth M  Search this
Oliver, Smith Hempstone  Search this
Chapelle, Howard Irving  Search this
White, John H. 1933-  Search this
Jackson, Melvin H  Search this
Berkebile, Donald H  Search this
Post, Robert C  Search this
Taylor, Frank A (Frank Augustus) 1903-2007  Search this
Johnston, Paul Forsythe 1950-  Search this
United States National Museum Section of Steam Transportation  Search this
United States National Museum Section of Transportation and Civil Engineering  Search this
United States National Museum Department of Arts and Industries  Search this
United States National Museum Section of Transportation and Engineering  Search this
United States National Museum Technological Collections  Search this
United States National Museum Division of Technology  Search this
United States National Museum Division of Mechanical Technology  Search this
United States National Museum Division of Engineering  Search this
United States National Museum Section of Marine Transportation  Search this
United States National Museum Section of Land Transportation  Search this
Museum of History and Technology (U.S.) Division of Transportation  Search this
Museum of History and Technology (U.S.) Department of Science and Technology  Search this
National Museum of History and Technology (U.S.) Department of Industries  Search this
National Museum of History and Technology (U.S.) Department of History of Technology  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.) Department of the History of Science and Technology  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.) Department of History  Search this
Type:
Mixed archival materials
Date:
1927
1927-1995
1885-1995
Topic:
Transportation--History  Search this
Historical museums  Search this
Museum curators  Search this
Local number:
SIA AH00112
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_218192

Mr. and Mrs. Arthur D. Dubin Pullman Palace Car Co. Car Construction and Registration Books

Creator:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Transportation  Search this
Extent:
2.6 Cubic feet (8 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Ledgers (account books)
Place:
Illinois
Date:
1875-1911.
Scope and Contents note:
Records of construction by plant. Includes orders, dates of construction, customers and costs for passenger, dining and freight cars.
Biographical/Historical note:
In 1867 George Mortimer Pullman (1831-1897) and Ben Field organized the Pullman Palace Car Co. "This company became the world's greatest car-building and car-repairing enterprise, with plants located at Pullman, Illinois (now part of Chicago), and many other places in North and South America and even in Europe,"--Hubbard Freeman in the "Encyclopedia of North American Railroading." These registers and records pertain to the manufacturing end of the company--the Chicago works at Pullman, Illinois.
Restrictions:
THIS COLLECTION HAS BEEN INTEGRATED INTO COLLECTION AC0181.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Railroads  Search this
Transportation  Search this
Genre/Form:
Ledgers (account books)
Citation:
Mr. and Mrs. Arthur D. Dubin Pullman Palace Car Co. Construction and Registration Books, 1875-1911, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0158
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8d77f903e-5691-4af4-8c1a-0bad23622dde
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0158

Jackson & Sharp Car Company Records and American Car & Foundry Company Collection

Creator:
American Car and Foundry Co. (Jackson & Sharp Car Co.)  Search this
Jackson & Sharp Car Co.  Search this
Former owner:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Transportation  Search this
Extent:
2.5 Cubic feet (6 boxes, 21 volumes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Cost account books
Albumen prints
Account books
Photographs
Order books
Lists
Place:
Delaware
Date:
1884-1948
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains order books, including design details of a wide variety of passenger, freight and specialty cars (including self-propelled electric cars), and cost accounts for the production department. Also included are 21 volumes of photographs of finished cars, arranged by lot number. These have separate indexes arranged alphabetically and by photograph number.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into two series.

Series 1: Records, 1885-1948

Series 2: Photographs
Biographical / Historical:
The Jackson and Sharp Car Company, a manufacturer of railroad passenger cars, street railway cars, and ships, was incorporated in Delaware on February 24, 1869, as the successor to the partnership of Jackson & Sharp. Job H. Jackson (1833 1901), a tinsmith and mechanic, and Jacob F. Sharp (ca. 1815 1888), an experienced car builder, opened a small car building shop in Wilmington, Delaware, in 1863. Wilmington was a major center for the manufacture of railroad passenger cars prior to the development of Pullman, Illinois, in 1881. Sharp retired from the business in 1870. Soon after, Jackson erected the larger Delaware Car Works facility at the foot of 8th Street. A shipyard was added in 1875. By the late 1880s, the company was turning out about 400 cars per year, as well as sash work and panelling for buildings.

The American Car & Foundry Company purchased Jackson and Sharp in 1901 when Jackson died. American Car & Foundry, incorporated in New Jersey in 1899, was a typical late 19th century merger of many small car building companies. The Jackson and Sharp plant in Wilmington was used primarily for the construction of railroad cars for export orders until around 1920. From the end of World War One until 1938, the plant was kept open by building small pleasure boats. During World War Two the plant produced minesweepers. The plant was closed around 1945.
Related Materials:
The Delaware State Archives

Collection of approximately 3,000 negatives and photographs from Jackson and Sharp and American Car & Foundry. These include views of ships, electric railway cars, and railroad equipment. A description of the Delaware State Archives' collection can be found in the control file for coll. #156 and a copy of the microfiche listing of these photos is available in the Archives Center's microfiche cabinet. The Archives also holds over 160 drawings and blueprints for cars and ships, dating from 1881 1937 The Hagley Museum and Library of Wilmington, Delaware, contains several collections of Jackson & Sharp records. These include historical materials; contracts for car orders, 1898 1905; and drawings and blueprints, 1895 1930. A smaller body of Jackson & Sharp records is in the Historical Society of Delaware, in Wilmington.

New Jersey Historical Society

Manuscript Group 802, William F. Cone (1874-1966), Business records and negatives, 1880s-1966

Series 6 documents the production of railroad cars and marine vessels by the Jackson & Sharpe Plant of the American Car & Foundry Co., Wilmington, Delaware mostly between 1913-1929. Images of railroad cars the company produced include wooden and steel open platform cars, baggage cars, refrigerator cars, Pullman cars, railway post offices, sleeping cars, dining cars, engine rooms, parlor cars, box cars, gondola cars, flat cars, four-wheel trucks (the sets of wheels under train cars), underframes, interior furnishings for railroad cars, mantles, moldings and medallions. These products were made for railroad companies in the U.S., South America, Central America, and Cuba. Also included are images of the marine vessels the company produced including tugboats, scows and dredges, and several "named" vessels.

John W. Barriger III National Railroad Library

Collection consists of the corporate archives of the American Car and Foundry Company and selected predecessor firms. Materials include plans, production data, promotional and advertising items, and thousands of rare photographs cover the many products ACF manufactured for the world's transportation needs. Included are thousands of photographs depicting the company's freight and passenger cars, many of which are shown in multiple views. Selected movies produced by the firm are also included. The collection includes the records of the firm's Research and Development Department. Many of ACF's other business interests - such as nuclear power plants and wartime military production -- are well-represented in the collection. The collection is notable for the inclusion of thousands of detailed Bill of Materials listings for individual freight and passenger cars.
Provenance:
Immediate source of acquisition unknown.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Special care required in handling photographs, as the bound volumes are in poor condition.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Railroads -- Cars  Search this
Genre/Form:
Cost account books
Albumen prints
Account books
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver albumen -- 1850-1900
Order books
Lists -- Photographs
Citation:
Jackson and Sharp Car Co. Records and American Car and Foundry Co. Collection, 1884-1948, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0156
See more items in:
Jackson & Sharp Car Company Records and American Car & Foundry Company Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8ad53cae7-a70b-4aae-8c58-17f19febaa32
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0156

Division of Transportation: Railroads' Engineering Data

Creator:
Hamily, David  Search this
Names:
Erie Railroad Company  Search this
New York, New Haven, and Hartford Railroad.  Search this
Pennsylvania Railroad.  Search this
Philadelphia and Western Railroad.  Search this
Piedmont and Northern Railroad.  Search this
Sorocabana Railway.  Search this
Takata and Company Railroad.  Search this
Former owner:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Transportation  Search this
Extent:
1.5 Cubic feet (5 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Statistics
Correspondence
Blueprints
Place:
Pennsylvania
New Haven (Conn.)
New York
Philadelphia (Pa.)
Hartford (Conn.)
Date:
1912-1949
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of statistics on electric train operation, drawings, blueprints, technical papers, train classifications, research and development reports, business and financial correspondence (1933, 1939-1948, 1940-1941), installation and operation instructions, locomotive system test procedures, locomotive operations data and calculations, records of locomotive mileages and part failures, suggested locomotive improvements, locomotive specifications, plans for fire extinguishing systems, tonnage ratings and includes material from the New York, New Haven, and Hartford Railroad, Piedmont and Northern Railroad, Pennsylvania Railroad, Takata and Co. Railroad, Philadelphia and Western Railroad, Sorocabana Railway, and Erie Railroad Co.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into 8 series.

Series 1: New York, New Haven, and Hartford Railroad

Series 2: Piedmont and Northern Railway Company

Series 3: Takata and Company

Series 4: Philadelphia and Western Railway Company

Series 5: Sorocabana Railway

Series 6; Pennsylvania Railroad

Series 7: Miscellaneous Westinghouse Reports

Series 8: Erie Railroad Company
Provenance:
This collection was donated by David Hamily of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania in 1986.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: reproduction fees may apply.
Topic:
Locomotives -- Design and construction  Search this
Railroads  Search this
Engineering  Search this
Locomotive industry  Search this
Genre/Form:
Statistics
Correspondence -- 1930-1950
Blueprints
Citation:
Division of Transportation: Railroads' Engineering Data, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0207
See more items in:
Division of Transportation: Railroads' Engineering Data
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8fd4d5a0f-c3f6-4017-850d-1088af4ca8b6
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0207
Online Media:

United States Fish Commission Records

Collector:
United States Fish Commission  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Transportation  Search this
Extent:
4.66 Cubic feet (20 boxes, 1 oversize folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Cyanotypes
Photoengravings
Drawings
Date:
1871-1892
Scope and Contents:
Most of the collection consists of drawings, both pen and ink and pencil, photoengravings and photographs and blueprints of fish, fishermen, fishing gear, nets, traps, seines, fishing vessels both small and large, and fish processing. Some are identified by type, some by location; others lack specific identification. Many carry comments and directions for reduction. These may have been illustrations for annual or other reports and publications. Many of the photographs were taken in the 1880's and 90's. The key to a number of them is in U.S. National Museum Bulletin No. 27, which consists of descriptive catalogues of the collections sent by the United States to the International Fisheries Exhibition held in London in 1883.2 Where a photograph has been identified in Bulletin No. 27, a notation of the appropriate page number has been made on the back of the photo.

Also included is a bound, handwritten journal of the Commission with entries that relate to official actions such as its establishment, its appropriations, and Congressional authorizations for specific activities. These identify the statute or House or Senate journal entry that is applicable. The entries run from February 9, 1871 to December 24, 1892. There is an index by subject. There are some handwritten notes about fishing vessels made by Captain J. W. Collins and his partial draft manuscript describing fishing vessels. A draft of his annual report for 1884 is also included. A small amount of correspondence relates to descriptions of fishing vessels as well.
Historical Note:
The United States Commission of Fish and Fisheries, established in 1871, launched and carried out the first sustained study of marine biology in the United States. It was instrumental in the artificial propagation of fish, thus increasing the country's fish resources and in concentrating attention on the preservation of natural resources. In 1877 the Commission initiated the collection of detailed and reliable data on American commercial fisheries, their modernization and improvement.

The immediate origin of the Fish Commission lay in a dispute in southern New England between the owners of traps (nets, weirs, or other means of capturing large quantities of fish) and a much larger group of fishermen who fished from small boats or the shore with single lines. Accusations that traps were responsible for the diminution in the supply of coastal fish raged. Spencer Fullerton Baird, Assistant Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, with a keen interest in marine biology had followed the dispute closely. He recognized that the practical work related to its solution would contribute to proving the utilitarian value of science and provide excellent opportunities for basic marine biological research. Backed by prominent friends and his own knowledge of the political dynamics of Washington he sought a congressional appropriation for an extended investigation of coastal fisheries.

At the request of Henry L. Dawes, chairman of the Appropriations Committee of the House of Representatives to whom Baird had turned for help, he outlined in a letter of January 3, 1971 the dispute in southern New England, including a proposal for a commission charged with determining the scientific reason for the decrease in coastal species and headed by a mediator empowered to consult with the states and seek a fair solution. As it shortly emerged from Congress the resolution established the U.S. Commission of Fish and Fisheries. This created a body with no time limits, and without restriction as to area, thus opening the way to a national investigation. The head of this new agency was to be appointed by the President, to be an officer of the government and to serve without additional pay. With its basic authorization assured, a $5,000 appropriation was quickly approved and Spencer Baird, Assistant Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, was appointed Commissioner by President Grant. He took the oath of office on March 8, 1871.

While its appropriations for the propagation of fish far exceeded those for research, the Commission on Fish and Fisheries was influential in promoting scientific development in the federal government. In 1881 the Congress at Commissioner Baird's request, appropriated $190,000 for a sea going vessel, the Albatross, especially equipped for marine biology. He settled on Wood's Hole in Massachusetts as the site for a permanent scientific station and arranged for the purchase of the land by private subscribers such as the Johns Hopkins University, Princeton University and Williams College. Such institutions had a right to send a specialist to the station to do research. The marine biological laboratory at Wood's Hole developed into a world famous research institution.

In 1903 the independent commission became the Bureau of Fisheries in the Department of Commerce and Labor. The Bureau was transferred to the Department of the Interior in 1939 and in 1940 was merged with another bureau to become the Fish and Wildlife Service.
Provenance:
Collection donated by the Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of Interior, circa 1940.

About 1940 when the Bureau of Fisheries became part of the Department of the Interior and was renamed the Fish and Wildlife Service, most of these photographs were given to Mr. Frank Taylor of the U. S. National Museum, Department of the Interior. The collection was transferred to the Division of Transportation of the NMAH in 19 _. The collection was transferred to the Archives Center from the Division of Transportation on April 10, 1987.

Many of the photographs, particularly those identified in Bulletin No. 27 of the U. S. National Museum were taken by Thomas W. Smillie on the staff of the Smithsonian and also of the U.S. National Museum.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Fishing  Search this
Fishes  Search this
Fish and fisheries  Search this
Genre/Form:
Cyanotypes
Photoengravings
Drawings -- 1870-1910
Citation:
United States Fish Commission Records, 1871-1892, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0256
See more items in:
United States Fish Commission Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep85e15deae-0703-49ef-a4b6-d62bc98a28db
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0256
Online Media:

Milford and Owego Turnpike Road Co. Treasurer's Account Book

Author:
Catlin, Putman (treasurer of Milford & Owego Turnpike)  Search this
Names:
Milford & Owego Turnpike Road Co.  Search this
Collector:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Transportation  Search this
Extent:
0.15 Cubic feet (1 volume)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Account books
Place:
Pennsylvania -- 1810-1830
Date:
1817-1824.
Scope and Contents:
Includes detailed financial records, receipts from individual gate-keepers, payments to them and other employees, receipts of capital subscription from company stockholders.
Biographical / Historical:
Accounts kept by Putnam Catlin, treasurer of Milford & Owego Turnpike Road Co. of Pennsylvania, a privately owned highway.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Stage coaches  Search this
Westward movement  Search this
Road vehicles  Search this
Carriages  Search this
Turnpikes  Search this
Treasurers  Search this
Genre/Form:
Account books -- 19th century
Citation:
Milford and Owego Turnpike road Co. Treasurer's Account Book, 153, AC NMAH
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0153
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep882995679-4284-4c59-bbc8-cd85df1e5c33
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0153

Interstate Commerce Commission Locomotive Inspection Reports

Creator:
Interstate Commerce Commission  Search this
Yungmeyer, Martha  Search this
Former owner:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Transportation  Search this
Extent:
8 Cubic feet (24 boxes )
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Records
Photographs
Date:
1931-1964
Summary:
Records compiled by the Bureau of Rail Safety of the Federal Railroad Administration. Data include names of locomotive builders and railroads operating them.
Scope and Contents:
This collection is arranged into four series: Series 1: STEAM LOCOMOTIVES BOILER RECORDS, Series 2: ELECTRICS, DIESELS, RAIL CAR RECORDS, Series 3: RECORD BOOKS, & Series 4: PHOTOPRINTS and consists of records and photographs of the ICC for the years 1931-1964. Most of the photographs are of accidents or failures of equipment. The photographs are dated and railroads identified. Accident times and circumstances are noted. The records were compiled by the Bureau of Rail Safety of the Federal Railroad Administration. Data include names of locomotive builders as well as of railroads operating them.
Arrangement:
Divided into 4 series

Series 1: Steam Locomotive Boiler Records

Series 2: Electrics, Diesels, Rail Car Records

Series 3: Record Books

Series 4: Photoprints
Biographical / Historical:
The Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC), a former independent agency of the U.S. Government, was established in 1887 and charged with regulating the economics and services of specified carriers engaged in transportation between states. Surface transportation under the ICC's jurisdiction included railroads, trucking companies, bus lines, freight forwarders, water carriers, oil pipelines, transportation brokers and express agencies.

The first regulatory commission in US history, the ICC was established as a result of mounting public indignation against railroad malpractices and abuses. The ICC's effectiveness was at first limited by the failure of Congress to give it enforcement power, by the Supreme Court's interpretation of its powers and by the vague language of its enabling act. However, beginning with the Hepburn Act (1906), the ICC's jurisdiction was gradually extended beyond railroads to all common carriers except aircraft by 1940. Its enforcement powers to set rates were also progressively extended, through statute and broadened Supreme Court interpretations of the commerce clause of the Constitution, as were its investigative authority for determining fair rates of return on which to base rates. In addition, the ICC was given the task of consolidating railroad systems and managing labor disputes in interstate transport. In the 1950s and 1960s the ICC enforced Supreme Court rulings that required the desegregation of passenger terminal facilities.

Beginning in the 1960s the ICC's functions were progressively reduced as government control of surface transportation was deregulated. The agency was terminated at the end of 1995 and many of its remaining functions were transferred to the new National Surface Transportation Board.

Source

The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition, 2001.
Provenance:
The collection was donated to the Smithsonian in [1971?] by Martha Yungmeyer, the daughter of D.W. Yungmeyer, who had been an inspector for the ICC.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Transportation  Search this
Railroads  Search this
Locomotives  Search this
Accidents  Search this
Genre/Form:
Records
Photographs -- 20th century
Citation:
Interstate Commerce Commission Locomotive Inspection Reports, 1931-1964, Archives Center, National Museum of American History. Gift of Martha Yungmeyer.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0241
See more items in:
Interstate Commerce Commission Locomotive Inspection Reports
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep80008fc2f-4a5a-4cc6-a056-161ee8881f81
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0241
Online Media:

Wagon-maker's Account Book

Creator:
Ayres, F. (wagon-maker)  Search this
Sneden, James T. (wagon-maker)  Search this
Former owner:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Transportation  Search this
Extent:
0.15 Cubic feet (1 box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Account books
Place:
Vermont
Date:
1834-1869
Scope and Contents:
The ledger contains 82 handwritten pages detailing daily transactions. Many entries suffer from illegibility and poor spelling. Most items concern repair of various parts of wagons and sleighs, often with payment in the form of grain and other farm products.
Provenance:
Immediate source of acquisition unknown.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Wagon manufacturing  Search this
Transportation  Search this
Genre/Form:
Account books -- 19th century
Citation:
Wagon-maker's Account Book, 1834-1869, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0151
See more items in:
Wagon-maker's Account Book
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep81212a63a-6b25-4eff-833e-a20cfa384a4b
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0151

John W. Garrett Collection

Creator:
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company  Search this
Garrett, John W. (John Work), 1820-1884  Search this
Former owner:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Transportation  Search this
Extent:
0.6 Cubic feet (2 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Business records
Place:
Baltimore (Md.)
Ohio River
United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865
Date:
1850-1880
Summary:
Collection is now part of AC1086, Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Records.
Scope and Contents note:
Includes lists of rail accidents, production and distribution of locomotives, and engine repair costs; reports on locomotive power, cost and performance, and purchases of locomotives and cars; and correspondence relating to these and other matters, all 1850-1880. Most correspondence is to Garrett from railroad supervisory staff. Includes a history of the operation of the railroad during the Civil War and additional correspondence concerning Ohio River bridges, trestles, and tunnels.
Arrangement:
Chronological arrangement.
Biographical/Historical note:
Garrett, president of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, 1858-1884, was born in Baltimore, Maryland July 31, 1820. After working for his father's financially successful commission business, during which time he invested heavily in the B. & O. Railroad, he was elected a director in 1855 and president in 1858. Under his leadership the railroad made history during the Civil War by carrying out the first military rail transport. During peacetime the railroad prospered with Garrett as president. He died September 26, 1884.
Provenance:
Gift of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Co. through Lawrence W. Sagle, Public Relations Representative, in 1997.
Restrictions:
This collection has been combined with the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Collection (NMAH.AC.1086)
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Railroads  Search this
Repairing  Search this
Railroads -- Buildings and structures  Search this
Genre/Form:
Business records -- 19th century
Citation:
John W. Garrett Collection, 1850-1880, Archives Center, National Museum of American History. Gift of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Company.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0171
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8f7881f12-5fea-408f-ba6a-3d8d16d261de
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0171

Providence and Worcester R.R. Account Book

Creator:
Providence and Worcester Railroad Company  Search this
Former owner:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Transportation  Search this
Extent:
0.15 Cubic feet (1 volume)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Account books
Place:
Rhode Island
Date:
1851-1899
Scope and Contents:
This log book of the Providence, Rhode Island repair shop records the annual summaries of repair costs by various divisions of the Railroad for 1851-1854, as submitted by John B. Winslow, Master Mechanic. It also includes entries recording miscellaneous repairs (mostly minor) and overhauls to locomotives for 1880-1899.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged chronologically.
Biographical / Historical:
Like many of the early railroads in the United States the Providence and Worcester Railroad was built, as were most of the early turnpikes and canals, to serve nearby and local needs.*

*Taylor, Geroge Rogers and Neu, Irene D. The American RR Network, 1861-1890 Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1956, p.4.
Provenance:
Immediate source of acquisition unknown.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Railroads -- 19th century  Search this
Railroads -- Rolling-stock  Search this
Locomotives  Search this
Repairing  Search this
Genre/Form:
Account books -- 19th century
Citation:
Providence and Worcester R.R. Account Book, 1851-1899, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0154
See more items in:
Providence and Worcester R.R. Account Book
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep807f84f44-a40a-4900-891d-e26d23a125fb
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0154
Online Media:

Chicago Surface Lines Drawings

Creator:
Chicago City Railway Company.  Search this
West Chicago Street Railroad Company.  Search this
Pennsylvania & West Virginia Railway.  Search this
Chicago Transit Authority.  Search this
Chicago Surface Lines.  Search this
Names:
Chicago Board of Traction Supervising Engineers.  Search this
Chicago Consolidated Traction Company.  Search this
Chicago Railways Company.  Search this
Chicago Union Traction Company.  Search this
D.T. Steelwork Company.  Search this
Garden City Construction Company.  Search this
Gilbert Car Manufacturing Company.  Search this
Lake Street Elevated Railroad (Chicago, Ill.).  Search this
North Chicago Street Railroad Company.  Search this
United States Construction Company.  Search this
Former owner:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Transportation  Search this
Extent:
4.6 Cubic feet (13 oversized folders)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Tracings
Drawings
Blueprints
Place:
Chicago (Ill.)
Date:
1880-1948
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of blueprints, working drawings, line drawings, tracings, and plans of the Chicago Surface Railway system from 1896-1926; 1948. The majority of the drawings are on linen and are 24" x 36" or larger. Some of the drawings are annotated. The drawing number, title of drawing and the date are provided for each sheet.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into seven series:

Series 1: West Chicago Street Railroad Company

Series 2: Chicago Board of Traction Supervising Engineers/Chicago Railway Company

Series 3: Chicago Traction System (Car Drawings)

Series 4: Chicago Cable Blueprints

Series 5: Chicago Union Traction Company

Series 6: Pennsylvania & West Virginia Railway

Series 7: Miscellaneous
Biographical / Historical:
The first street cars in Chicago were horse cars run by the Chicago City railway Company and the North Chicago City railway Company around 1858-1861. This method, however, was slow and expensive, and the companies began substituting cable cars in the 1880s. Chicago City was the first railway company in 1881, with the addition of the Chicago Passenger Railway in 1883, and the West Chicago Street Railroad Company in 1887. Chicago had the largest cable railway system in the world.

In the 1880s, electric powered trolleys first became practical. The Chicago companies hesitated at first to install these faster and more efficient systems because of their heavy investment in cable cars. Smaller Illinois cities and the Calumet Electric Street Railway of the South Side of the city built successful systems, causing the Chicago companies to feel themselves dropping behind. By the mid 1890s most companies began the conversion to electricity.

The 1890s saw the consolidation of many of the Chicago companies and through this reorganization continued into the next century. In 1905 the city voted that the surface railways should come under municipal ownership but not operation, provided the companies rehabilitate their systems, and give the city the right to buy the property at a fixed value. In addition, new construction was to be approved by a new bureau, the Board of Traction Supervising Engineers.

The continuous reorganization was finally completed by the Unification Ordinance of 1913 which stipulated that all lines would come under the management of a single operating company called the Chicago Surface Lines (CSL). Four companies made up the CSL-the Chicago Railways Company, Chicago City Railway, Calumet and South Chicago Railway, and Southern Street Railway. At this time Chicago had the largest street railway system, the longest one-fare ride, the longest average ride, and the most liberal transfer privileges in the world.

The 1920s saw continued growth despite the increasing competition from the automobile, but the Depression dealt a heavy blow to traffic. By 1948 the Chicago Transit Authority, which took over the Chicago Surface Lines in 1927, had abandoned all but four lines in favor of buses. By 1958 the remaining lines were "bustituted."
Related Materials:
Materials at Other Organizations

The Chicago Historical Society

Holds approximately 13 cubic feet of materials documenting the Chicago Surface Lines, 1857-1951. The materials include minute books, corporate records, account books, agreements, correspondence, contracts, ordinances, patents, memoranda, stock certificates, bank statements, and blueprints.
Provenance:
Gift of the Chicago Transit Authority.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Railroads -- Equipment and facilities  Search this
Railroads -- Rolling-stock  Search this
Railroad engineers  Search this
Civil engineers  Search this
Civil engineering  Search this
Railroads  Search this
Railroads -- Buildings and structures  Search this
Engineering and technology  Search this
Cable railroads  Search this
Genre/Form:
Tracings
Drawings
Blueprints
Citation:
Chicago Surface Lines Drawings, 1880-1948, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0212
See more items in:
Chicago Surface Lines Drawings
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8f18ea1eb-50e1-48e6-a09e-991265c857e8
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0212

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