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Anthony W. Pendergast Collection

Creator:
Pendergast, Anthony W., 1879-  Search this
Collector:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Music, Sports and Entertainment  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Music, Sports and Entertainment  Search this
Extent:
0.5 Cubic feet (2 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Correspondence
Clippings
Photographs
Notes
Scrapbooks
Date:
1920s-1970.
Summary:
A Fairbury, Illinois, optometrist, Dr. Anthony W. Pendergast, (1879 -?) was a collector, author, antiquarian, dealer, and authority on the subject of cigar store figures. The collection includes correspondence; newspaper clippings on Pendergast and his various folk art collections; a scrapbook of photographs and miscellaneous materials relating to cigar store figures; and a large number of black and white photographs of figures from his personal collection, mostly for use in selling the figures.
Scope and Contents:
The collection documents Dr. Pendergast's interest in and work with cigar store figures as well as some of his other folk art collections. Included among the materials are correspondence, photographs of cigar store figures, and books on the subject. There are also articles and clippings about Dr. Pendergast and his collections and about cigar store figures in general, a scrapbook of photographs of figures, miscellaneous clippings, advertisements, business cards, postcards, and an inventory list.
Arrangement:
Collection is arranged into one series.
Biographical / Historical:
A Fairbury, Illinois, optometrist, Dr. Anthony W. Pendergast, (1879-?) was a collector, author, antiquarian, dealer, and authority on the subject of cigar store figures. As a newsboy in his youth, Pendergast was fascinated by the cigar store "Indians" he saw all around the streets of his home town. In their book on the cigar store figure, Dr. Pendergast and co-author W. Porter Ware state that the earliest evidence of cigar store figures dates them to as early as 1600 in the city of Amsterdam, where a tobacconist's shop had a figure of an American black slave as his sign, because of the association between slaves and tobacco. The tradition was continued in England and the figures began to look more like American Indians, usually with feathered headdresses, often holding a pipe or a roll of tobacco leaves. Not all the figures were of Indians or of slaves. As their popularity spread, "Turks," "Moors," Scotsmen, jockeys, Roman figures, mythological figures, and others were used. Antiquarian John L. Morrison, cited by Mr. Pendergast in his 1953 book Cigar Store Figures, states that the first appearance of a cigar store "Indian" in America was in 1770 in Lancaster, Pennsylvania. By the latter half of the nineteenth century the cigar store figure (usually an Indian) was as much a symbol of the tobacco trade as the barber pole was of barber shops. Mr. Pendergast owned at least two hundred figures during his lifetime and was a noted expert on the genre. He sold many figures to other collectors and had a workshop where he repaired and reconditioned the figures.
Provenance:
Immediate source of acquisition unknown.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research and access on site by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Wood sculpture  Search this
Folk art  Search this
Figure sculpture -- United States  Search this
Cigar store Indians  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence -- 20th century
Clippings -- 20th century
Photographs -- 20th century
Notes
Scrapbooks -- 20th century
Citation:
Anthony W. Pendergast Collection, 1920s-1970, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0882
See more items in:
Anthony W. Pendergast Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0882

Correspondence

Collection Creator:
Pendergast, Anthony W., 1879-  Search this
Collection Collector:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Music, Sports and Entertainment  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1939-1967
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research and access on site by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Anthony W. Pendergast Collection, 1920s-1970, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Anthony W. Pendergast Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0882-ref513

Books

Collection Creator:
Pendergast, Anthony W., 1879-  Search this
Collection Collector:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Music, Sports and Entertainment  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 2
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research and access on site by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Anthony W. Pendergast Collection, 1920s-1970, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Anthony W. Pendergast Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0882-ref514

Newspaper clippings

Collection Creator:
Pendergast, Anthony W., 1879-  Search this
Collection Collector:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Music, Sports and Entertainment  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 3
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1926-1972
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research and access on site by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Anthony W. Pendergast Collection, 1920s-1970, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Anthony W. Pendergast Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0882-ref515

Miscellaneous newspaper clippings

Collection Creator:
Pendergast, Anthony W., 1879-  Search this
Collection Collector:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Music, Sports and Entertainment  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 4
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1959
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research and access on site by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Anthony W. Pendergast Collection, 1920s-1970, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Anthony W. Pendergast Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0882-ref516

Photograph proofs for newspaper article and other material

Collection Creator:
Pendergast, Anthony W., 1879-  Search this
Collection Collector:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Music, Sports and Entertainment  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 6
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1967
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research and access on site by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Anthony W. Pendergast Collection, 1920s-1970, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Anthony W. Pendergast Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0882-ref517

Magazine articles

Collection Creator:
Pendergast, Anthony W., 1879-  Search this
Collection Collector:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Music, Sports and Entertainment  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 5
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1928-1947
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research and access on site by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Anthony W. Pendergast Collection, 1920s-1970, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Anthony W. Pendergast Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0882-ref518

Magazine articles

Collection Creator:
Pendergast, Anthony W., 1879-  Search this
Collection Collector:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Music, Sports and Entertainment  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1930-1956
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research and access on site by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Anthony W. Pendergast Collection, 1920s-1970, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Anthony W. Pendergast Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0882-ref519

Miscellaneous materials

Collection Creator:
Pendergast, Anthony W., 1879-  Search this
Collection Collector:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Music, Sports and Entertainment  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 7
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research and access on site by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Anthony W. Pendergast Collection, 1920s-1970, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Anthony W. Pendergast Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0882-ref520

Photographs of cigar store figures, "Indians"

Collection Creator:
Pendergast, Anthony W., 1879-  Search this
Collection Collector:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Music, Sports and Entertainment  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 8-10
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research and access on site by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Anthony W. Pendergast Collection, 1920s-1970, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Anthony W. Pendergast Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0882-ref521

Photographs of cigar store figures, with people

Collection Creator:
Pendergast, Anthony W., 1879-  Search this
Collection Collector:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Music, Sports and Entertainment  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 11
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research and access on site by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Anthony W. Pendergast Collection, 1920s-1970, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Anthony W. Pendergast Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0882-ref522

Photographs of cigar store figures, non -"Indians"

Collection Creator:
Pendergast, Anthony W., 1879-  Search this
Collection Collector:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Music, Sports and Entertainment  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 12
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research and access on site by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Anthony W. Pendergast Collection, 1920s-1970, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Anthony W. Pendergast Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0882-ref523

Photograph of Native American

Collection Creator:
Pendergast, Anthony W., 1879-  Search this
Collection Collector:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Music, Sports and Entertainment  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 13
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research and access on site by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Anthony W. Pendergast Collection, 1920s-1970, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Anthony W. Pendergast Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0882-ref524

Scrapbook binding

Collection Creator:
Pendergast, Anthony W., 1879-  Search this
Collection Collector:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Music, Sports and Entertainment  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 2
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research and access on site by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Anthony W. Pendergast Collection, 1920s-1970, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Anthony W. Pendergast Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0882-ref525

Scrapbook, pages 1-24

Collection Creator:
Pendergast, Anthony W., 1879-  Search this
Collection Collector:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Music, Sports and Entertainment  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 3
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research and access on site by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Anthony W. Pendergast Collection, 1920s-1970, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Anthony W. Pendergast Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0882-ref526

Scrapbook, pages 25-46

Collection Creator:
Pendergast, Anthony W., 1879-  Search this
Collection Collector:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Music, Sports and Entertainment  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 4
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research and access on site by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Anthony W. Pendergast Collection, 1920s-1970, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Anthony W. Pendergast Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0882-ref527

Poster

Collection Creator:
Pendergast, Anthony W., 1879-  Search this
Collection Collector:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Music, Sports and Entertainment  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 5
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research and access on site by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Anthony W. Pendergast Collection, 1920s-1970, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Anthony W. Pendergast Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0882-ref528

Gilbert L. Friedlein Papers

Source:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Music, Sports and Entertainment  Search this
Creator:
Friedlein, Gilbert L., 1884-  Search this
Friedlein, Gilbert L., Jr., 1921-  Search this
Former owner:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Music, Sports and Entertainment  Search this
Extent:
0.33 Cubic feet (1 box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Letters (correspondence)
Photographs
Clippings
Contracts
Date:
1880s-1961
Summary:
Collection documents the life of Gilbert L. Friedlein, semi-professional baseball player and grain elevator operator, and his son Gilbert Friedlein, Jr. It includes photographs, a baseball contract, and correspondence.
Scope and Contents:
This collection is comprised of photographs, personal papers, and newspaper clippings about Gilbert L. Friedlein and his family. Topics include his membership on the Drake semi-professional baseball team, his employment with Farmers Elevator Company in Lewistown, Montana, and his son's membership in the University of California band. Highlights include several photographs of the grain elevator after its destruction by fire, a 1908 baseball contract, and a letter written from Freidlein, Jr. to his parents.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged by type of materials.
Biographical / Historical:
Gilbert L. Friedlein was born February 2, 1884, in Osterdock, Iowa, the son of Frederick and Harriet Friedlein. He received his education in Guttenberg, Iowa, and married Tressa Kathryn Akers from Charleston, West Virginia, on June 17, 1914. He was a pitcher for the semi-professional baseball team from Drake, North Dakota, before retiring from the sport in 1913 and working fulltime for Farmers Elevator Company. He resided in the area of Lewistown, Montana, for fifty-three years and served as a member of the City Council and the Elks Lodge before his death on May 1, 1961.

Friedlein's son, Gilbert Friedlein, Jr., was born on July 12, 1921. He attended the University of California-Berkeley, where he was a member of the university band. Friedlein, Jr. wed LeVita (Pat) Bernstein of San Jose, California. He was employed with the San Francisco Port of Embarkation and worked in the personnel department of the wage administration section in Oakland. Friedlein, Jr. died November 18, 1958.
Provenance:
Found in the collection of the Division of Music, Sports and Entertainment, now Division of Cultural and Community Life.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Baseball players  Search this
Bands (Music)  Search this
Musicians  Search this
Grain elevators  Search this
Genre/Form:
Letters (correspondence) -- 20th century.
Photographs -- 19th century
Clippings -- 19th century
Contracts
Citation:
Gilbert L. Friedlein Papers, 1880s-1961, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0943
See more items in:
Gilbert L. Friedlein Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0943

Personal papers

Collection Source:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Music, Sports and Entertainment  Search this
Collection Creator:
Friedlein, Gilbert L., 1884-  Search this
Friedlein, Gilbert L., Jr., 1921-  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 2
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1908-1959
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Gilbert L. Friedlein Papers, 1880s-1961, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Gilbert L. Friedlein Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0943-ref17

Photographs

Collection Source:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Music, Sports and Entertainment  Search this
Collection Creator:
Friedlein, Gilbert L., 1884-  Search this
Friedlein, Gilbert L., Jr., 1921-  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 3
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1880 - 1941, undated
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Gilbert L. Friedlein Papers, 1880s-1961, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Gilbert L. Friedlein Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0943-ref18

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