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Reginald Gammon papers

Creator:
Gammon, Reginald, 1921-2005  Search this
Names:
Anacostia Community Museum  Search this
Harwood Art Center (Albuquerque, N.M.)  Search this
Midtown Galleries (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
National Afro-American Museum and Cultural Center (U.S.)  Search this
New Mexico African American Artists' Guild  Search this
Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, New York Public Library  Search this
Spiral (Group of artists)  Search this
Western Michigan University -- Faculty  Search this
Andrews, Benny, 1930-2006  Search this
Bearden, Romare, 1911-1988  Search this
Browne, Vivian E., 1929-1993  Search this
Fray, Thomas  Search this
Greenberg, Joseph J., 1915-1991  Search this
King, Patrick  Search this
Lee-Smith, Hughie  Search this
Overton, Harry  Search this
Wynberg, Jonathan  Search this
Extent:
2.4 Linear feet
5.3 Gigabytes
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Gigabytes
Photographs
Interviews
Paintings
Sketches
Drawings
Sound recordings
Video recordings
Date:
1927-2007
bulk 1960-2005
Summary:
The papers of African American painter, printmaker, and educator Reginald Gammon measure 2.4 linear feet and 5.30 GB and date from 1927 to 2007, with bulk of the materials dating from 1960-2005. The collection consists of scattered biographical materials, including video and sound recordings of interviews; correspondence with artists, galleries, organizations, and museums; writings and notebooks; teaching files; printed materials; photographic material; and artwork in the form of sketches, drawings, and paint sketches.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of African American painter, printmaker, and educator Reginald Gammon measure 2.4 linear feet and 5.30 GB and date from 1927 to 2007, with bulk of the materials dating from 1960-2005. The collection consists of scattered biographical materials, including video and sound recordings of interviews; correspondence with artists, galleries, organizations, and museums; writings and notebooks; teaching files; printed materials; photographic material; and artwork in the form of sketches, drawings, and paint sketches.

Biographical materials include Gammon's academic records and diplomas, certificates, military records, an address book, and information about his memorial service. There is a folder on The Spiral Group which includes an exhibition catalog and photographs. There are video interviews, a conversation video, and two TV advertisements, all digital; one analog and one digital audio interview.

Approximately one-half of the collection consists of correspondence with other artists, museums, galleries and arts organizations. Correspondents include Benny Andrews, Romare Bearden, Vivian Browne, Thomas Frey, Joseph Greenberg, Harwood Art Center, Patrick King, Hughie Lee-Smith, Midtown Galleries, National Afro-American Museum & Cultural Center, New Mexico African American Artists Guild, Harvey Overton, Schomberg Center, Smithsonian Institution's Anacostia Museum, Western Michigan University, and Jonathan Wynberg, among many others.

Writings by Gammon consists of essays, a research proposal, notes, grant applications, and notebooks wherein Gammon jotted down thoughts and drafted letters.

Teaching files are related to Reginald Gammon's tenure at Western Michigan University. There are teaching certifications, lecture notes, one sound recording (sound cassette) of a lecture, student recommendations, and grade books, among other items.

Printed materials primarily consist of exhibition catalogs and announcements, including the catalog Ida Y Vuelta on Gammon's 1998 exhibition in Rodez, France. Other materials found in this series are clippings that feature Gammon and his work, periodicals, posters designed by Gammon, and source materials related to jazz. and limited subject files.

Photographic materials include prints, slides, digital photographs, and negatives depicting Reginald Gammon and his artwork, friends and family, and various studios and events.

Artwork includes pencil and ink sketches, drawings, and paint sketches. The series also contains storyboards for children's books as well as mockups for advertisements.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 7 series.

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1936-2006 (0.2 linear feet; Box 1, 3, 5.29 GB; ER01-ER03)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1964-2005 (0.8 linear feet; Box 1-3)

Series 3: Writings and Notebooks, 1948-circa 2000 (0.1 linear feet; Box 2)

Series 4: Teaching Files, 1969-1991 (0.1 linear feet; Box 2)

Series 5: Printed Material, 1955-2005 (0.4 linear feet; Box 2, OV 4)

Series 6: Photographic Material, 1927-2007 (0.2 linear feet; Box 2-3, 0.010 GB; ER04)

Series 7: Artwork, 1937-circa 1999 (0.5 linear feet; Box 2-3)
Biographical / Historical:
Reginald A. Gammon (1921-2005) was a painter and art educator who worked in New York City, Michigan, and Albuquerque, New Mexico. He was a member of Spiral, an African American artist's collective based in New York City, as well as a member of the New Mexico Afro-American Artist Guild. He taught in the New York public schools and at Western Michigan University.

Gammon was born and raised in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. In 1941, he received a scholarship to study art at the Philadelphia Museum College of Arts (then the Philadelphia Museum School of Industrial Arts) and the following summer worked in the Philadelphia Naval Shipyard refurbishing battleships for the war effort. While working, he also attended school at night. He was drafted and served in the Navy from 1944-1946 with an African-American unit stationed in Guam. He lived in Philadelphia briefly after the war and moved to New York City in 1948. During his early years in New York City, Gammon worked at various jobs such as sorting mail for the post office and designing advertising copy. Around this time, he first met his future wife Janice Goldberger whom he married in 1972.

In 1963, Gammon was invited to join Spiral, a group of African American artists which included Charles Alston, Romare Bearden, Alvin Hollingsworth, Norman Lewis, Richard Mayhew, and Hale Woodruff. As a member of this group, Gammon participated in the 1965 exhibition First Group Showing: Works in Black and White. Spiral disbanded later that same year. In 1969, Gammon and Benny Andrews formed the Black Emergency Cultural Coalition. This politically active group of artists picketed the Metropolitan Museum of Art and the Whitney Museum of Modern Art to protest the exclusion of black artists and curators.

Gammon also taught at the Saturday Academy Program for New York public schools. He set up an informal studio so that children from Harlem could work with resident artists. This position and a recommendation from Hughie Lee-Smith led to an offer from Western Michigan University for a visiting lectureship that turned into a full-time teaching position in which Gammon served until 1991, when he retired as Full Professor Emeritus of Fine Arts and Humanities.

After his retirement from Western Michigan University, Gammon and his wife moved to Albuquerque, New Mexico and he became involved in the New Mexico Afro-American Artist Guild and the Albuquerque United Artists, among other civic organizations. He regularly participated in exhibitions and art fairs sponsored by the Guild and served as their treasurer from 1999 until his death. He was artist-in-residence from 1992-2005 at the Harwood Art Center where he also maintained a studio.

Gammon was also one of the founding members of the New Grounds Print Workshop, where he completed his final collection of artworks - a collection of over 100 prints of historically significant gospel singers and jazz musicians. Gammon died on November 4, 2005.
Provenance:
The collection was donated in 2007 and 2008 by Reginald Gammon's widow Janice Gammon.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.

Use of archival audiovisual recordings and electronic records with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Printmakers -- New Mexico  Search this
Painters -- New Mexico -- Albuquerque  Search this
Educators -- New Mexico -- Albuquerque  Search this
Topic:
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Artists' studios -- Photographs  Search this
Educators -- Michigan  Search this
African American artists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Interviews
Paintings
Sketches
Drawings
Sound recordings
Video recordings
Citation:
Reginald Gammon papers, 1927-2007, bulk 1960-2005. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.gammreg
See more items in:
Reginald Gammon papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-gammreg
Online Media:

Reginald Gammon papers, 1927-2007, bulk 1960-2005

Creator:
Gammon, Reginald A. (Reginald Adolphus), 1921-2005  Search this
Gammon, Reginald A. (Reginald Adolphus), 1921-2005  Search this
Subject:
Andrews, Benny  Search this
Wynberg, Jonathan  Search this
Overton, Harry  Search this
Lee-Smith, Hughie  Search this
Greenberg, Joseph J.  Search this
Fray, Thomas  Search this
Browne, Vivian E.  Search this
Bearden, Romare  Search this
King, Patrick  Search this
Spiral (Group of artists)  Search this
Western Michigan University  Search this
New Mexico African American Artists' Guild  Search this
Anacostia Community Museum  Search this
Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, New York Public Library  Search this
Midtown Galleries (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
National Afro-American Museum and Cultural Center (U.S.)  Search this
Harwood Art Center (Albuquerque, N.M.)  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Interviews
Paintings
Sketches
Drawings
Sound recordings
Video recordings
Topic:
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Artists' studios -- Photographs  Search this
Educators -- Michigan  Search this
African American artists  Search this
Theme:
African American  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13635
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)272096
AAA_collcode_gammreg
Theme:
African American
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_272096
Online Media:

When the spirit moves : [African American dance in history and art] / edited by Barbara Glass

Title:
African American dance in history and art
Author:
Glass, Barbara  Search this
National Afro-American Museum and Cultural Center (U.S.)  Search this
Physical description:
ii, 170 p. : ill. (some col.), facsims., maps (some col.), ports. (some col.) ; 28 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Date:
1999
C1999
Topic:
African American art  Search this
Dance in art  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_605163

National Afro-American Museum and Cultural Center (U.S.) [Folder]

Additional name:
National Afro-American Museum & Cultural Center  Search this
National Museum of Afro-American History and Culture  Search this
Contents:
Folder(s) may include exhibition announcements, newspaper and/or magazine clippings, press releases, brochures, reviews, invitations, illustrations, resumes, artist's statements, exhibition catalogs.
Place:
Wilberforce (Ohio)
Topic:
Art Organizations  Search this
Location:
Art & Artist files at the Smithsonian American Art Museum/ National Portrait Gallery Library
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILAF_102713

Toward definition : an examination of African American craft art

Author:
National Afro-American Museum and Cultural Center (U.S.)  Search this
Physical description:
80 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 28 cm
Type:
Congresses
Place:
United States
Date:
1994
C1994
20th century
Topic:
African American art  Search this
Handicraft--History--Congresses  Search this
Call number:
NK839.3.A35 U532 1994
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_534038

Before freedom came : African-American life in the antebellum South : to accompany an exhibition organized by the Museum of the Confederacy / essays by Drew Gilpin Faust ... [et al.] ; edited by Edward D.C. Campbell, Jr., with Kym S. Rice

Author:
Faust, Drew Gilpin  Search this
Campbell, Edward D. C. 1946-  Search this
Rice, Kym S  Search this
Museum of the Confederacy (Richmond, Va.)  Search this
McKissick Museum  Search this
National Afro-American Museum and Cultural Center (U.S.)  Search this
Physical description:
xv, 219 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Southern States
Date:
1991
C1991
19th century
1775-1865
Topic:
Slaves--Social conditions--Exhibitions  Search this
African Americans--Social conditions--Exhibitions  Search this
Plantation life--History--Exhibitions  Search this
Social life and customs  Search this
Exhibitions  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_412724

Newsletter / The National Afro-American Museum and Cultural Center

Author:
National Afro-American Museum and Cultural Center (U.S.)  Search this
Physical description:
v. : ill. ; 28 cm
Type:
Periodicals
Date:
1990
1990-
Topic:
African Americans--Museums--Periodicals  Search this
African Americans--History  Search this
African Americans--Social life and customs  Search this
Call number:
E185.53.W66 N27
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_427158

Uncommon beauty in common objects : the legacy of African American craft art / overview and artist essays by Nkiru Nzegwu ; edited by Barbara Glass

Author:
Nzegwu, Nkiru  Search this
Glass, Barbara  Search this
Renwick Gallery  Search this
National Afro-American Museum and Cultural Center (U.S.)  Search this
Physical description:
iv, 112 p. : ill. (some col.), ports. ; 28 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Place:
United States
Date:
1993
C1993
20th century
Topic:
African American art  Search this
Handicraft--History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_463372

From victory to freedom : the African American experience : curriculum guide, elementary and middle school course of study

Author:
National Afro-American Museum and Cultural Center (U.S.)  Search this
Ohio Historical Society  Search this
Physical description:
vi, 130 p. : ill. ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1991
C1991
Topic:
African Americans--Study and teaching (Primary)  Search this
African Americans--Study and teaching (Elementary)  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_483189

From victory to freedom : the African American experience : curriculum guide, secondary school course of study

Author:
National Afro-American Museum and Cultural Center (U.S.)  Search this
Ohio Historical Society  Search this
Physical description:
vi, 120 p. : ill. ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1991
C1991
Topic:
African Americans--Study and teaching  Search this
African Americans--History--Study and teaching  Search this
African Americans--Social life and customs--Study and teaching  Search this
Call number:
E184.7 .F93 1991
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_483642

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