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Painted Deerskin Fragmentary

Collector:
George Catlin  Search this
Donor Name:
Mrs. Joseph Harrison Jr.  Search this
Length - Object:
100.5 cm
Width - Object:
63 cm
Culture:
Innu, Naskapi (?)  Search this
Object Type:
Hide Painting
Place:
United States / Canada, North America
Accession Date:
21 Oct 1881
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
010638
USNM Number:
E386525-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3d5bce70d-f5c0-44e8-a2e8-1a26af8f91ad
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8420533

Pipe bowl and pipestem

Culture/People:
Naskapi Innu  Search this
Object Name:
Pipe bowl and pipestem
Media/Materials:
Steatite/soapstone, wood
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Pipes and Smoking
Place:
Labrador; Newfoundland and Labrador; Canada
Catalog Number:
22/733
Barcode:
220733.000
See related items:
Naskapi Innu
Pipes and Smoking
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6ce3a2296-e4ae-46a5-b9e6-31aec6a95338
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_234744
Online Media:

MS 3928 English-Algonquian vocabulary on cards, compiled from information in reply to letters of inquiry

Collector:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Culture:
Odawa (Ottawa)  Search this
Niitsitapii (Blackfoot/Blackfeet)  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Algonquin (Algonkin)  Search this
Penobscot Indians  Search this
Shawnee  Search this
Cree  Search this
Powhatan  Search this
Abenaki (Abnaki)  Search this
Maliseet (Malecite)  Search this
Montagnais Innu  Search this
Mi'kmaq (Micmac)  Search this
Potawatomi  Search this
Inunaina (Arapaho)  Search this
A'aninin (Gros Ventre)  Search this
Passamaquoddy  Search this
Miami  Search this
Lenape (Delaware)  Search this
Montauk  Search this
Narragansett  Search this
Naskapi Innu  Search this
Munsee Delaware  Search this
Mohegan  Search this
Natick  Search this
Nipissing Algonquin  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Massachusett  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
The information is secondary and lacks documentation. The cards are interfiled, but terms of the following languages are thought to be included: Abnaki, Algonkin, Arapaho, Atsina (Gros Ventres), Blackfoot, Cheyenne, Cree, Delaware, Malecite, Massachusetts Algonkin, Miami, Micmac, Mohegan, Montagnais, Montauk, Munsee, Narragansett, Nascapi, Natick, New England and New Jersey Algonkin, Nipissing, Ottawa, Passamaquoddy, Penobscot, Potawatomi, Powhatan, Shawnee, Virginia Algonquian.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 3928
Topic:
American Indian  Search this
Vocabularies  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Lenape  Search this
Mi'kmaq  Search this
Delaware (Lenape)  Search this
Gros Ventre  Search this
Maliseet-Passamaquoddy  Search this
Algonqian  Search this
Blackfeet  Search this
Massachusett  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 3928, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS3928
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms3928

Man's coat (No image available)

Culture/People:
Naskapi Innu  Search this
Object Name:
Man's coat (No image available)
Media/Materials:
Caribou hide/skin, paint, sinew
Techniques:
Sewn, painted
Dimensions:
111 x 85 x 6 cm
Object Type:
Clothing/Garments
Place:
Labrador; Newfoundland and Labrador; Canada (inferred)
Date created:
circa 1840
Catalog Number:
15/3165
Barcode:
153165.000
See related items:
Naskapi Innu
Clothing/Garments
On View:
NMAI, New York, NY: Infinity of Nations, Arctic & Subarctic
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6c6e97d41-3850-4ea0-8acf-8b3dcef1cd5f
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_164358

Robe

Culture/People:
Mushuaunnuat (Barren Ground Naskapi)  Search this
Collector:
Dr. Frank G. Speck (Frank Gouldsmith Speck/F.G. Speck/FGS), Non-Indian, 1881-1950  Search this
Object Name:
Robe
Media/Materials:
Caribou hide/skin, paint
Techniques:
Painted
Dimensions:
133 x 152 x 3 cm
Object Type:
Clothing/Garments: Outerwear (flat)
Place:
Labrador; Newfoundland and Labrador; Canada
Date created:
circa 1920
Catalog Number:
17/6575
Barcode:
176575.000
See related items:
Mushuaunnuat (Barren Ground Naskapi)
Clothing/Garments: Outerwear (flat)
On View:
NMAI, New York, NY: Infinity of Nations, Arctic & Subarctic
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws675329498-8287-4392-b42f-3de340c6da7e
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_189135
Online Media:

Figure on sled

Culture/People:
Mushuaunnuat (Barren Ground Naskapi)  Search this
Seller:
Dr. Frank G. Speck (Frank Gouldsmith Speck/F.G. Speck/FGS), Non-Indian, 1881-1950  Search this
Collector:
Dr. Frank G. Speck (Frank Gouldsmith Speck/F.G. Speck/FGS), Non-Indian, 1881-1950  Search this
Object Name:
Figure on sled
Media/Materials:
Wood, paint
Techniques:
Carved, incised, mortised, painted
Dimensions:
14.50 x 3.30 x 11.20 cm
Object Type:
Games, Toys, Gambling
Place:
Labrador; Newfoundland and Labrador; Canada
Date created:
circa 1925
Catalog Number:
16/2408
Barcode:
162408.000
See related items:
Mushuaunnuat (Barren Ground Naskapi)
Games, Toys, Gambling
On View:
NMAI, Washington DC: Window on Collections, As We Grow: Traditions, Toys, & Games
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws65d926f4f-5dcb-435e-b147-8ab6c3ec0c37
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_174129
Online Media:

MS 2681 Malecite and Nascapi field notes collected by Truman Michelson

Collector:
Michelson, Truman, 1879-1938  Search this
Extent:
84 Pages
Culture:
Maliseet (Malecite)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Naskapi Innu  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1923
Scope and Contents:
Anthropometric, linguistic, and ethnographic notes on the Maliseet (Malecite) and Naskapi (Nascapi). These were collected by Truman Michelson during his 1923 fieldwork in Canada among the Maliseet at "Indian Village," 14 miles from Fredericton, New Brunswich and the Naskapi and other Indians from Davis Inlet, Ungava, and Northwest River while lodged at a Hudson Bay Company post at Northwest River in Newfoundland and Labrador. Michelson added additional notes at a later period.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2681
Local Note:
Title changed from "Linguistics; some physical anthropology; general ethnology" 4/7/2014.
Topic:
Indians of North America -- anthropometry  Search this
Physical anthropology  Search this
Passamaquoddy language  Search this
Naskapi language  Search this
Linguistics  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Ethnology  Search this
Maliseet-Passamaquoddy  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 2681, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2681
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2681
Online Media:

William Duncan Strong papers

Creator:
Strong, William Duncan, 1899-1962  Search this
Names:
Columbia University  Search this
Institute of Andean Research Viru Valley Project  Search this
Rawson-MacMillan Subarctic Expedition  Search this
Extent:
64.88 Linear feet (87 boxes; 16 map folders; and 14 boxes of nitrate negatives, which are not included in the linear feet extent measurement)
Culture:
Eskimos  Search this
Sahnish (Arikara)  Search this
Naskapi Innu  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
North Dakota -- Archeology
South Dakota -- Archeology
Great Plains
Honduras -- Archeology
Labrador (N.L.)
Nebraska -- Archeology
Columbia River Valley
Date:
1902-1965
bulk 1927-1955
Summary:
William Duncan Strong's early interest was in zoology, but, while an undergraduate at the University of California, he was brought into anthropology under the influence of Alfred Louis Kroeber. He conducted archaeological and ethnological field research in several areas of the New World and was the first professionally trained archaeologist to focus on the Great Plains, where he applied the so-called direct historical method, working from known history in interpreting archaeological sites. Strong's papers include correspondence, field notes, diaries, newspaper clippings, teaching notes and student papers, manuscripts of his writings, writings by other authors, papers from the various organizations in which he served, maps, and a considerable number of photographs from his field work. The materials date from 1902 to 1965, with most of the materials being from 1927 to 1955.
Scope and Contents:
Strong's papers include correspondence, field notes, diaries, newspaper clippings, teaching notes and student papers, manuscripts of his writings, writings by other authors, papers from the various organizations in which he served, maps, and a considerable number of photographs from his field work. The materials date from 1902 to 1965, with most of the materials being from 1927 to 1955.

Strong's papers reflect his professional life, but there is little personal material. Except for the Rawson-MacMillan Labrador Expedition, there is little information from Strong's years at the Field Museum of Natural History in Chicago. Other than information on field work expenses, there is little light shed on Strong's personal financial situation. There is no personal correspondence with either of his wives and little correspondence with family members, except for his brother, Ronald. Some correspondence from the late 1930s to the early 1940s is not present and its whereabouts is not known. Of special interest is a collection of drawings by Naskapi Indian children collected while Strong was on the Labrador expedition in 1928. Strong collected obituaries, vitae, news articles, and writings on and by other anthropologists. He was an inveterate doodler, and his fascinating creations appear throughout the papers.

Strong also collected materials from other researchers, including Loren Eiseley's 1931 field notes from the Morrill Expedition, Maurice Kirby's 1932 notes on the Signal Butte excavations, notes and drawings from the 1936 Honduras expedition by Alfred V. Kidder II, and the field notebooks kept by Clifford Evans for the 1946 Virú Valley expedition in Peru. Contributed photographs from field expeditions are from A.T. Hill, Waldo Wedel, and John Champe.

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged in 12 series: (1) Miscellaneous personal papers, 1914-1963; (2) Correspondence, 1922-1965; (3) Materials relating to field work, 1921-1963; (4) Miscellaneous research notes, 1917-1960, most undated; (5) Maps and charts, 1902-1949; (6) Drawings by Naskapi Indians and Eskimos, 1910, 1928; (7) Manuscripts of writings, 1922-1962, undated; (8) Writings by other authors, 1902-1961; (9) Papers relating to organizations, 1926-1961; (10) Teaching materials and course work, 1909, 1928-1961; (11) Miscellany, 1902-1961, most undated; (12) Photographs, 1913-1950.
Biographical Note:
William Duncan Strong (1899-1962) was a major figure in American anthropology. His accomplishments were as a field worker in archaeology and ethnology, archaeological theorist, writer, and teacher. He was, furthermore, a leader in anthropological organizations. In 1954, his position in the field was recognized by the award of the Viking Fund Medal for his contributions to archaeology.

William Duncan Strong's early interest was in zoology, but, while an undergraduate at the University of California, he was brought into anthropology under the influence of Alfred Louis Kroeber. He conducted archaeological and ethnological field research in several areas of the New World, including Labrador, southern California, Honduras, and Peru. Strong was the first professionally trained archaeologist to focus on the Great Plains, and it was there that he applied the so-called direct historical method, working from known history in interpreting archaeological sites. His work in all these areas are represented by notebooks, diaries, specimen catalogues, maps, and photographs.

Strong spent the majority of his professional life affiliated with various universities and taught many anthropologists who became influential in their own right. His students included Loren Eiseley, Waldo R. Wedel, Joseph Jablow, Oscar Lewis, John Landgraf, Dorothy Keur, David Stout, Charles Wagley, Eleanor Leacock, John Champe, Albert C. Spaulding, Victor Barnouw, John M. Corbett, Walter Fairservis, and Richard B. Woodbury. Strong preserved the student papers by some of these anthropologists as well as their correspondence with him.

Strong influenced American anthropology by his service in professional societies. He served as president of the American Ethnological Society, the Institute of Andean Research, and the Society for American Archaeology. He was the director of the Ethnogeographic Board (his journal from his tenure as director is in the papers) and chairman of the Committee on Basic Needs of American Archaeology. In this latter capacity, Strong was involved in establishing a program to salvage archaeological sites before they were destroyed by public works. Strong served as the anthropological consultant to the Bureau of Indian Affairs during Franklin Roosevelt's administration and advised on new directions to be taken in Indian Service policy.

Strong died suddenly on January 29, 1962.

Chronology

1899 -- Born January 30 in Portland, Oregon

1917 April-1919 January -- In the United States Navy aboard the U.S.S. South Dakota on convoy duty in the Atlantic Ocean

1922 -- Collected faunal specimens in the Canadian Rockies, Skeena River district, for the University of California Museum of Vertebrate Zoology

1923 -- A.B., University of California Studied Max Uhle's Peruvian archaeological collection Collected faunal specimens, Columbia River, Washington

Winter, 1923-1924 -- Archaeological investigations in the southern San Joaquin Valley, California under the direction of Edwin Winslow Gifford

1924-1925 -- Expedition to study Shoshonean tribes (the Serrano, Cahuilla, Cupeño, and Luiseño) of Southern California (Riverside and San Diego counties) under Alfred Louis Kroeber Archaeological surveys and excavations of three months each in the middle Columbia River Valley in Oregon and Washington

1925 -- Archaeological expedition and collection of faunal specimens in the San Pedro Martir Mountains, Baja California under W. Egbert Schenk

1925-1926 -- Research Assistant, Department of Anthropology, University of California

1926 -- PhD, Anthropology, University of California

1926 July-1929 August -- Assistant Curator of North American Ethnology and Archaeology, Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago

1927 -- An Analysis of Southwestern Society (doctoral dissertation)

1927 June-1928 September -- Anthropologist on the Rawson-MacMillan September, 1928 Subarctic Expedition of the Field Museum Studied Naskapi and Eskimos in Labrador and on Baffin Island

1929 -- Married Jean Stevens

1929 August-1931 July -- Professor of Anthropology, University of Nebraska

1929 -- Published The Aboriginal Society of Southern California

1929-1931 -- Director, Archaeological Survey of Nebraska, University of Nebraska

1930 June 11-September 6 -- Excavated at Rock Bluff cemetery site

1931 -- Helped organize the First Plains Conference (held August 31-September 2)

1931-1932 -- Morrill Expedition, central and western Nebraska and North and South Dakota: ethnological investigations of Arikaras at Nishu, North Dakota; excavation at Signal Butte, Nebraska; and excavation at Leavenworth and Rygh village sites in South Dakota

1931 July-1937 August -- Senior Anthropologist, Bureau of American Ethnology, Smithsonian Institution

1932 -- Archaeological survey of northeastern Honduras along the Mosquito Coast and the Patuca River, archaeological work on the Bay Islands, and ethnological investigation of Sumu Indians

1933-1934 -- Two Civilian Works Administration archaeological expeditions (five months each) in California in southern San Joaquin Valley, Kern County, at Tulamniu (a Yokuts village) and eastern Chumash area

1934-1937 -- Trustee, Laboratory of Anthropology, Sante Fe

1935 -- Anthropological consultant to the Bureau of Indian Affairs Assistant editor, American Antiquity Published Archeological Investigations in the Bay islands, Spanish Honduras and An Introduction to Nebraska Archeology

1935-1937 -- Member, Committee on State Archeological Surveys, National Research Council

1936 -- Smithsonian Institution-Harvard expedition to northwestern Honduras to the valleys of the Chamelecon and the Ulua Rivers, Naco and other sites

1937-1962 -- Professor, later Chairman, Department of Anthropology, Columbia University

1937-1938 -- Vice-President, American Anthropological Association

1938 -- Fort Abraham Lincoln (Slant Mandan village) site and Sheyenne-Cheyenne village site excavations in North Dakota

1939 -- Chairman, National Research Council's Committee on Basic Needs in American Archaeology Excavated at Arzberger site in South Dakota and the area between the Chamberlain and Cheyenne Rivers

1940 -- Member, National Research Council's Committee on War Services of Anthropology Expeditions to western Florida and southwestern United States, especially New Mexico Peruvian archaeological survey

1941 -- Chairman, Section H, American Association for the Advancement of Science

1941-1942 -- President, American Ethnological Society Peruvian excavations at Pachacamac in the Chancay Valley and the Ancon-Supe excavations

1942? -- Peruvian excavations in the Naxca and Ica Valleys

1942-1944 -- Director, Ethnogeographic Board

1943 -- Published Cross Sections of New World Prehistory Appointed to Loubat Professorship at Columbia University

1945 -- Married Helen Richardson

1946 -- Peruvian excavations, Virú Valley Project National Research Council liaison member of the Committee for the Recovery of Archaeological Remains President, Institute of Andean Research

1948-1949 -- Chairman, Anthropology Section of New York Academy of Sciences

1949 July-August -- Peru-Mexico trip

1950 -- Talking Crow site expedition Excavated at Signal Butte

1952-1953 -- Peruvian expeditions, Nazca and Ica Valleys

1954 -- Awarded the Viking Fund Medal Trip to western United States

1955-1956 -- President, Society for American Archaeology

1962 -- Died January 29

Selected Bibliography

1929 -- Strong, William Duncan. Aboriginal Society of Southern California. Vol. 26, University of California Publications in American Archaeology and Ethnology. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1929.

1935 -- Strong, William Duncan. Archeological Investigations in the Bay islands, Spanish Honduras. Washington: The Smithsonian Institution, 1935. Strong, William Duncan. An Introduction to Nebraska Archeology. Vol. 93, no. 10, Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections. Washington: The Smithsonian Institution, 1935.

1938 -- Strong, William Duncan, Alfred Kidder, II, and A.J. Drexel Pail, Jr. Preliminary Report on the Smithsonian Institution-Harvard University Archeological Expedition to Northwestern Honduras, 1936. Vol. 97, no. 1, Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections. Washington: The Smithsonian Institution, 1938.

1943 -- Strong, William Duncan. Cross Sections of New World Prehistory: a Brief Report on the Work of the Institute of Andean Research, 1941-1942. Vol. 104, no. 2, Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections. Washington: The Smithsonian Institution, 1943. Strong, William Duncan. Archeological Studies in Peru, 1941-1942. New York: Columbia University Press, 1943.

1948 -- "The Archeology of Honduras." In The Circum-Caribbean Tribes Vol. 4, Handbook of South American Indians, edited by Julian H. Steward, 71-120. Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin No. 143. Washington: U.S. Government Print Office, 1948.

1952 -- Strong, William Duncan, and Clifford Evans. Cultural Stratigraphy in the Virú Valley, Northern Peru. New York: Columbia University Press, 1952.

For a complete bibliography of Strong's works, see Solecki, Ralph, and Charles Wagley. "William Duncan Strong, 1899-1962," American Anthropologist 65, no. 5 (October 1963): 1102-1111. https://anthrosource.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1525/aa.1963.65.5.02a00080
Related Materials:
Additional materials in the National Anthropological Archives relating to William Duncan Strong can be found in the records of the American Anthropological Association, Bureau of American Ethnology, Handbook of South American Indians, Institute of Social Anthropology, River Basin Surveys, the Society for American Archaeology, and Tulamniu Project (1933-1934); the papers of Ralph Leon Beals, John Peabody Harrington, Frederick Johnson, Frank Maryl Setzler, Ruth Schlossberg Landes, Albert Clanton Spaulding (including information on the Arzberger site), and Waldo Rudolph and Mildred Mott Wedel; Photographic Lot 14, Bureau of American Ethnology Subject and Geographic File; Photographic Lot 24, Bureau of American Ethnology-United States National Museum Photographs of American Indians; Photographic Lot 77-80, Portraits of Smithsonian Anthropologists; Photographic Lot 92-35, Ralph S. Solecki Photographs of Anthropologists; Numbered Collections, MS 4821 (records of the Anthropological Society of Washington), MS 4261 (photographs made on a site survey in the Santa Barbara Mountains, California, 1934), MS 4302 (journal covering the 1936 expedition to Honduras), MS 4846 (correspondence between BAE authors and the BAE editor's office), and MS 7200 (original field catalog of Honduran artifacts, 1936); and in the non-archival reference file. There are also materials in the Smithsonian Institution Archives in record units 87 (Ethnogeographic Board), 9528 (Henry Bascom Collins interviews), and 1050102 (papers of T. Wayland Vaughan). In the Human Studies Film Archives there is material on Strong in the video dialogues of Charles Wagley, 1983.
Provenance:
The Strong papers were donated to the archives by Strong's widow, Mrs. Helen Richardson Strong. Most of the arrangements were handled by Ralph S. Solecki, then of Columbia University. He sent the papers to the archives between 1974 and 1979, and there have been small accretions since that time. These accretions came through Richard G. Forbis, Department of Anthropology, University of Calgary; Mildred Mott Wedel and Waldo R. Wedel, Department of Anthropology; and Nan A. Rothschild, Department of Anthropology, Barnard College. Mrs. Strong donated the rights in the unpublished material in the collection to the Department of Anthropology, Smithsonian Institution.
Restrictions:
The William Duncan Strong papers are open for research.

Access to the William Duncan Strong papers requires and appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Excavations (Archaeology) -- California  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology) -- Peru  Search this
Archaeology  Search this
Anthropology  Search this
Ethnology  Search this
Citation:
William Duncan Strong papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.1974-28
See more items in:
William Duncan Strong papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-1974-28
Online Media:

Crooked knife

Culture/People:
Naskapi Innu  Search this
Collector:
Dr. Frank G. Speck (Frank Gouldsmith Speck/F.G. Speck/FGS), Non-Indian, 1881-1950  Search this
Dr. Frank G. Speck (Frank Gouldsmith Speck/F.G. Speck/FGS), Non-Indian, 1881-1950  Search this
Artist/Maker:
A. Irving Hallowell (Alfred Irving ["Pete"] Hallowell/A.I. Hallowell), Non-Indian, 1892-1974  Search this
Object Name:
Crooked knife
Media/Materials:
Wood, iron blade
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Woodworking tools
Place:
Seven Islands (Sept Îles); Côte Nord Region; Québec; Canada
Catalog Number:
12/1701
Barcode:
121701.000
See related items:
Naskapi Innu
Woodworking tools
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6539cf33a-bb9a-46a1-9449-f634e5fa7522
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_130587
Online Media:

Hairbrush

Culture/People:
Mushuaunnuat (Barren Ground Naskapi)  Search this
Seller:
Dr. Frank G. Speck (Frank Gouldsmith Speck/F.G. Speck/FGS), Non-Indian, 1881-1950  Search this
Collector:
Dr. Frank G. Speck (Frank Gouldsmith Speck/F.G. Speck/FGS), Non-Indian, 1881-1950  Search this
Object Name:
Hairbrush
Media/Materials:
Porcupine tail
Techniques:
Dried
Object Type:
Personal items
Place:
Labrador; Newfoundland and Labrador; Canada
Catalog Number:
16/2394
Barcode:
162394.000
See related items:
Mushuaunnuat (Barren Ground Naskapi)
Personal items
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws651d25c99-dbaf-47e8-8e11-1647287f7e8c
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_173765
Online Media:

Painting tool

Culture/People:
Mushuaunnuat (Barren Ground Naskapi)  Search this
Seller:
Dr. Frank G. Speck (Frank Gouldsmith Speck/F.G. Speck/FGS), Non-Indian, 1881-1950  Search this
Collector:
Dr. Frank G. Speck (Frank Gouldsmith Speck/F.G. Speck/FGS), Non-Indian, 1881-1950  Search this
Object Name:
Painting tool
Media/Materials:
Wood, paint
Techniques:
Carved, incised, painted
Object Type:
Art and Printing tools
Place:
Labrador; Newfoundland and Labrador; Canada
Catalog Number:
16/2436
Barcode:
162436.000
See related items:
Mushuaunnuat (Barren Ground Naskapi)
Art and Printing tools
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws619bb0399-4585-4c43-9558-8bd6b261d8d7
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_174157
Online Media:

Bullroarer

Culture/People:
Mushuaunnuat (Barren Ground Naskapi)  Search this
Seller:
Dr. Frank G. Speck (Frank Gouldsmith Speck/F.G. Speck/FGS), Non-Indian, 1881-1950  Search this
Collector:
Dr. Frank G. Speck (Frank Gouldsmith Speck/F.G. Speck/FGS), Non-Indian, 1881-1950  Search this
Object Name:
Bullroarer
Media/Materials:
Animal Bone
Techniques:
Carved, notched
Object Type:
Music and Sound
Place:
Labrador; Newfoundland and Labrador; Canada
Catalog Number:
16/2468
Barcode:
162468.000
See related items:
Mushuaunnuat (Barren Ground Naskapi)
Music and Sound
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws64a47f88a-7ffb-4863-a0f9-6d8264e28822
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_174189
Online Media:

Painting tool

Culture/People:
Mushuaunnuat (Barren Ground Naskapi)  Search this
Collector:
Dr. Frank G. Speck (Frank Gouldsmith Speck/F.G. Speck/FGS), Non-Indian, 1881-1950  Search this
Seller:
Dr. Frank G. Speck (Frank Gouldsmith Speck/F.G. Speck/FGS), Non-Indian, 1881-1950  Search this
Object Name:
Painting tool
Media/Materials:
Animal Bone, pigment/pigments
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Art and Printing tools
Place:
Labrador; Newfoundland and Labrador; Canada
Catalog Number:
16/6657
Barcode:
166657.000
See related items:
Mushuaunnuat (Barren Ground Naskapi)
Art and Printing tools
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws64283bc65-a309-43e1-926a-e37605b87baf
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_178504
Online Media:

Knife sheath

Culture/People:
Mushuaunnuat (Barren Ground Naskapi)  Search this
Collector:
Dr. Frank G. Speck (Frank Gouldsmith Speck/F.G. Speck/FGS), Non-Indian, 1881-1950  Search this
Seller:
Dr. Frank G. Speck (Frank Gouldsmith Speck/F.G. Speck/FGS), Non-Indian, 1881-1950  Search this
Object Name:
Knife sheath
Media/Materials:
Deerhide/deerskin, glass bead/beads
Techniques:
Overlay beadwork
Object Type:
Personal items
Place:
Labrador; Newfoundland and Labrador; Canada
Catalog Number:
16/6749
Barcode:
166749.000
See related items:
Mushuaunnuat (Barren Ground Naskapi)
Personal items
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws637782de3-285c-40e6-a3fe-85725725237c
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_178748
Online Media:

Game bag

Culture/People:
Naskapi Innu  Search this
Collector:
Dr. Frank G. Speck (Frank Gouldsmith Speck/F.G. Speck/FGS), Non-Indian, 1881-1950  Search this
Dr. Frank G. Speck (Frank Gouldsmith Speck/F.G. Speck/FGS), Non-Indian, 1881-1950  Search this
Artist/Maker:
A. Irving Hallowell (Alfred Irving ["Pete"] Hallowell/A.I. Hallowell), Non-Indian, 1892-1974  Search this
Object Name:
Game bag
Media/Materials:
Canvas, embroidery floss, hide thong/babiche
Techniques:
Sewn, embroidered
Object Type:
Bags/Pouches (and parts)
Place:
Seven Islands (Sept Îles); Côte Nord Region; Québec; Canada
Catalog Number:
12/984
Barcode:
120984.000
See related items:
Naskapi Innu
Bags/Pouches (and parts)
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws648909507-018a-4787-aa4f-594ea0b2b3db
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_130267
Online Media:

Hide dressing tool

Culture/People:
Naskapi Innu  Search this
Collector:
Dr. Frank G. Speck (Frank Gouldsmith Speck/F.G. Speck/FGS), Non-Indian, 1881-1950  Search this
Dr. Frank G. Speck (Frank Gouldsmith Speck/F.G. Speck/FGS), Non-Indian, 1881-1950  Search this
Artist/Maker:
A. Irving Hallowell (Alfred Irving ["Pete"] Hallowell/A.I. Hallowell), Non-Indian, 1892-1974  Search this
Object Name:
Hide dressing tool
Media/Materials:
Caribou bone
Techniques:
Incised
Object Type:
Hide working tools
Native Term:
mits?llwin
Place:
Seven Islands (Sept Îles); Côte Nord Region; Québec; Canada
Catalog Number:
12/1733
Barcode:
121733.000
See related items:
Naskapi Innu
Hide working tools
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6683282b7-9812-4f58-8dbe-c087331819c6
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_130620
Online Media:

Charm/Amulet

Culture/People:
Mushuaunnuat (Barren Ground Naskapi) [Nitshikun (Nichicun), Quebec]  Search this
Collector:
Dr. Frank G. Speck (Frank Gouldsmith Speck/F.G. Speck/FGS), Non-Indian, 1881-1950  Search this
Object Name:
Charm/Amulet
Media/Materials:
Bird head
Techniques:
Dried
Object Type:
Hunting/Fishing/Warfare
Place:
Labrador; Newfoundland and Labrador; Canada
Catalog Number:
13/3255
Barcode:
133255.000
See related items:
Mushuaunnuat (Barren Ground Naskapi) [Nitshikun (Nichicun), Quebec]
Hunting/Fishing/Warfare
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6013c6df4-7a80-460a-8b07-5f085589bed4
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_143220
Online Media:

Fish hook and fishing line

Culture/People:
Mushuaunnuat (Barren Ground Naskapi)  Search this
Collector:
Dr. Frank G. Speck (Frank Gouldsmith Speck/F.G. Speck/FGS), Non-Indian, 1881-1950  Search this
Seller:
Dr. Frank G. Speck (Frank Gouldsmith Speck/F.G. Speck/FGS), Non-Indian, 1881-1950  Search this
Object Name:
Fish hook and fishing line
Media/Materials:
Wood, iron point, hide thong/babiche
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Hunting/Fishing/Warfare
Place:
Vicinity of Nain; Nain; Labrador; Newfoundland and Labrador; Canada
Catalog Number:
15/5561
Barcode:
155561.000
See related items:
Mushuaunnuat (Barren Ground Naskapi)
Hunting/Fishing/Warfare
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6e375fd43-1864-4047-b35e-913b06af1631
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_166396
Online Media:

Sash/Belt

Culture/People:
Mushuaunnuat (Barren Ground Naskapi)  Search this
Seller:
Dr. Frank G. Speck (Frank Gouldsmith Speck/F.G. Speck/FGS), Non-Indian, 1881-1950  Search this
Collector:
Dr. Frank G. Speck (Frank Gouldsmith Speck/F.G. Speck/FGS), Non-Indian, 1881-1950  Search this
Object Name:
Sash/Belt
Media/Materials:
Glass bead/beads, cordage
Techniques:
Loom beadwork
Object Type:
Clothing/Garments: Accessories
Place:
Labrador; Newfoundland and Labrador; Canada
Catalog Number:
16/2388
Barcode:
162388.000
See related items:
Mushuaunnuat (Barren Ground Naskapi)
Clothing/Garments: Accessories
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws65a5d06e6-7da0-402d-9c68-fc811acfe5a5
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_173759
Online Media:

Canoe strut/spreader

Culture/People:
Mushuaunnuat (Barren Ground Naskapi)  Search this
Seller:
Dr. Frank G. Speck (Frank Gouldsmith Speck/F.G. Speck/FGS), Non-Indian, 1881-1950  Search this
Collector:
Dr. Frank G. Speck (Frank Gouldsmith Speck/F.G. Speck/FGS), Non-Indian, 1881-1950  Search this
Object Name:
Canoe strut/spreader
Media/Materials:
Wood, paint
Techniques:
Carved, painted
Object Type:
Tools and Equipment (General)
Place:
Labrador; Newfoundland and Labrador; Canada
Catalog Number:
16/2472
Barcode:
162472.000
See related items:
Mushuaunnuat (Barren Ground Naskapi)
Tools and Equipment (General)
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws62b9d7078-7805-47d3-8286-588c0cde49e1
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_174193
Online Media:

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