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MS 4144 Natchez ethnological notes

Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Sam, Watt, 1876-1944  Search this
Gurny, John ?  Search this
Taylor, Nancy  Search this
17 Pages
Natchez  Search this
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
ca. 1907-1911
Scope and Contents:
Also autograph document, 6 pages. Includes: Notes on pottery, baskets, implements, stars and constellations, tribal subdivisions, chiefs, medicine, burials, beliefs and taboos, month names, names of other tribes, personal names, clan names, relationship terms, place names, Natchez counting. Text, "The Snake and the Moon," mentions Nancy Taylor.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4144
Local Note:
Informants: Watt Sam; and 3 pages from John Gurny (?).
typescript document
Pottery -- Natchez  Search this
Basket making -- Natchez  Search this
Tools and implements -- Natchez  Search this
Astronomy -- Natchez  Search this
Names, tribal -- Natchez  Search this
Names, Personal -- Natchez  Search this
Numbers -- Natchez  Search this
Medicine -- Natchez  Search this
Mortuary customs -- Natchez  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Manuscript 4144, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives

MS 2108 "Distribution of the Shoshonians in the San Joaquin-Tulare Valley of California"

Kroeber, A. L. (Alfred Louis), 1876-1960  Search this
Hodge, Frederick Webb, 1864-1956  Search this
31 Pages
Snake  Search this
Ajachemem (San Juan de Capistrano Luiseño)  Search this
Barbareño Chumash (Santa Barbara)  Search this
Western Mono (Monache)  Search this
Paiute  Search this
Bannock  Search this
Ute  Search this
Cahuilla  Search this
Payómkawichum (Luiseño)  Search this
Shoshone  Search this
Tongva (Gabrielino Mission)  Search this
Tübatulabal (Kern River)  Search this
Serrano  Search this
Pala Band Luiseño (Agua Caliente)  Search this
Kawaiisu  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Chumash  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Kutzadika'a (Mono Paiute)  Search this
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
Also letter to Frederick W. Hodge, with emendations to the manuscript. San Francisco, California. April 27, 1905. Autograph letter signed. 1 page. Includes discussion of "Current Tribal names that are Ambiguous. "Ute, Paiute, Shoshoni, Bannock, Snake; and sections on Gabrielino, Serrano, Luiseno, San Juan Capistrano, Agua Caliente, Cahuilla, Santa Barbara, Monachi, Kawaiisu, Tubatulabal.
Title page of manuscript carries A. note S. : F. W. H. [Hodge]: "This material has been extracted for the Dictionary of Tribes ["Handbook of American Indians," Bureau of American Ethnology-Bulletin 30, Washington, 1907, 1910] by Dr Swanton."
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2108
Local Note:
typescript document with annotations
Names, tribal -- Ute  Search this
Names, tribal -- Paiute  Search this
Names, tribal -- Shoshoni  Search this
Names, tribal -- Bannock  Search this
Names, tribal -- Snake  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Luiseno  Search this
Mission Capistrano  Search this
Shoshone  Search this
Cupeno  Search this
Manuscript 2108, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
Online Media:

MS 1766 The Twana, Chemakum, and Clallam Indians of Washington Territory; a historic account prepared for the press

Eells, Myron, 1843-1907  Search this
440 Pages
Twana  Search this
Chimakum  Search this
Klallam (Clallam)  Search this
Chinook  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
April, 1879
Scope and Contents:
Contents: Part I-Man. A. Names, locations, and divisions of the tribes. Twanas, Chemakums, Clallams. B. History. C. Population, and causes affecting. D. Progress: In medical practice. In house building. In dress. In implements. In social customs. In education. In morals. In religion. Part II- Surroundings. A. Inorganic. Outline, etc., of Territory. Geology, economic. Climate. Minerals. C. Social. Travels. Commerce. Part III.- Culture. Chapter 1- Means of subsistance: A. Food. Fish and marine mammals. Shell fish. Roots and branches. Wild fruits. Land mammals. Birds. Salt. Cooking. Storing. B. Drinks. Infusions. Ardent spirits. C. Narcotics. D. Savors. E. Medicines. Chapter II- Habitations and other structures and their appurtenance: A. Houses for human occupancy. Potlatch houses. Sweat houses. Large dwelling-houses. Flat-roofed dwelling-houses. Houses with the roof wholly on one side. Government houses. Mat houses. Half-circle camps. Tents of cotton cloth. Out-buildings. B. Appurtenances to dwellings. Doors. Fireplaces. Material for building. C. Furniture and utensils. Beds. Rugs. Mats. Chapter III- Household vessels and utensils: A. For holding water, food, etc. Baskets. Boxes. Dishes. B. For preparing food. C. For serving and eating food. Mats. Baskets. Plate and troughs. Trays. Ladles. Stone dishes. Pipes. Napkins. D. Miscellaneous. Torches.
Chapter IV- Clothing: d. Head clothing. Hats. E. Body clothing. Pantaloons, shirts, and coats. Blankets. Mat-coats. F. Arm clothing. G. Leg and foot clothing. H. Parts of dress. Lace. Fastenings. Fringes. Bead-work. I. Receptacles for dress. Boxes. Baskets. Chapter V- Personal adornments: A. Skin ornamentation. Tattooing. Painting. B. Head ornaments. Head bands. Plumes. Ear pendants. C. Neck ornaments. Necklaces. D. Breast ornaments. E. Ornaments for the limbs. Bracelets. Finger-rings. F. Toilet articles. Combs. Chapter VI- Implements. (I) Of general use. Knives. Axes, and adzes. Wedges. Chisels. Hammers. Awls. (II) Of war and the chase. A. Weapons for striking. Clubs. B. Throwing weapons. Strings and shots. Fire-pots. C. Cutting weapons. D. Thrusting weapons. Spears. E. Projectile weapons. Bows and arrows. Cases for projectiles. F. Defensive weapons. (III) Implements of special use. A. For stone working. C. For bow and arrow-making. D. Fishing implements. Spears and hooks. Traps and nets. Bouys. Sinkers. F. For leather-working. G. Builder's tool. K. For procuring and manufacturing food. L. Agricultural implements. M. For basket-working. Tools. Ornamentation. N. For working fiber. Hacklers. Spindles. Looms. P. For special crafts. Painting. Dyeing. Sand paper. Rope and strings. Of vegetable matter. Of animal matter.
Chapter VII- Locomotion and transportation. A. Traveling by water. Canoes. Large canoes. Shovel canoes. Small canoes. B. Accessories to water travel. Poles. Paddles. Oars. Sails. Rudders. Anchors. Bailing vessels. C. Foot traveling. Snow shoes. D. Land conveyances. Chapter VIII- Measuring and valuing. A. Counting. B. Measuring. Time. Length. Quality. C. Valuing. Chapter IX- Games and pastimes. With bones. A. Gambling: With disks. Women's games. Cards. B. Field sports and festive games. Dancing. Horse-racing. Shooting. Children's plays. Chapter XI- Music: Instruments and accompaniments. Songs. Boat songs. Patriotic songs. Gambling songs. Nursery songs. Funeral songs. War songs. Religious songs. Chapter XII- Art: On baskets. On cloth. On skin. On wood. Carvings. On horn and bone. On metal. On stone. Chapter XIII- Language and literature. A. Language. The Twana. The Skwaksin. The Chemakum. The Chinook jargon. The English language. B. Literature: Tales about thunder and lightning. Tales about the Sun. Proverbs of the Clallams. Fables of the Twanas. The pheasant and the raven. The enchanted husband. The colcine Indian and the wolf. Domesticating wolves. Modern orations.
Chapter XIV- Domestic life: A. Marriage. B. Children. Cradling. Naming. C. Women. Puberty dance. Chapter XV- Social life and customs: A. Eating. B. Cannibalism. C. Potlatches. Potlatch Number 1. Dancing. Gambling. Tamanous. Eating. The potlatch proper, or distribution of gifts. Learning. Potlatch Number 2. Potlatch Number 3. D. Funeral and burial customs. 1st Period. 2nd Period: canoe burial. 3rd Period: scaffold burial in cemeteries. 4th Period: burial in the ground with Indian accessories. 5th Period: civilized burial. Funeral ceremonies. Mourning observances. Cemeteries. Progress. Chapter XVI- Government. A. Organization. B. Laws and regulations. Division of Labor. Property rights. Chapter XVII- Religion. A. Objects and implements of reverence and worship. Supreme Being. Demons. Angelic spirits. Inanimate objects. Images, pictures, etc. Water. Idols. The sun. Implements of worship. Hand-sticks (wands). Head bands. Drums. Rattles. Masks. B. Holy places C. Ecclesiastical organization. Medicine men. Rain-makers.
D. Sacred rites. Tamanous. Finding tamanous. Using tamanous. Tamanous for wind. Tamanous for gambling. Tamanous to produce and cure illness. The crazy tamanous. Tamanous for the living. Tamanous for lost souls. Black tamanous. Purification. Sacrifice. Dancing. E. Myths and traditions. The Flood. Ants. Snakes. F. Beliefs. Dreams. Future existence. Incarnation and metamorphoses. Chapter XVIII- Archeology: Stone age. Skeletons. Shell heaps. List of archeological items in the book.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1766
Other Title:
The pheasant and the raven
The enchanted husband
The colcine Indian and the wolf
Names, tribal -- Twana  Search this
Names, tribal -- Chemakum  Search this
Names, tribal -- Clallam  Search this
Names, place -- Twana  Search this
Names, place -- Chemakum  Search this
Names, place -- Clallam  Search this
Food preparation -- Twana  Search this
Food preparation -- Chemakum  Search this
Food preparation -- Clallam  Search this
Drugs -- Twana  Search this
Drugs -- Chemakum  Search this
Drugs -- Clallam  Search this
Medicine -- Twana  Search this
Medicine -- Chemakum  Search this
Hunting -- Twana  Search this
Medicine -- Clallam  Search this
Hunting -- Chemakum  Search this
Hunting -- Clallam  Search this
Fishing -- Twana  Search this
Fishing -- Chemakum  Search this
Fishing -- Clallam  Search this
Pipes -- Twana  Search this
Pipes -- Chemakum  Search this
Pipes -- Clallam  Search this
Clothing -- Twana  Search this
Clothing -- Chemakum  Search this
Clothing -- Clallam  Search this
Body decoration, adornment, and mutilations -- Twana  Search this
Body decoration, adornment, and mutilations -- Chemakum  Search this
Body decoration, adornment, and mutilations -- Clallam  Search this
War -- Twana  Search this
War -- Chemakum  Search this
War -- Clallam  Search this
Weapons -- Twana  Search this
Weapons -- Chemakum  Search this
Weapons -- Clallam  Search this
Transportation -- Twana  Search this
Transportation -- Chemakum  Search this
Transportation -- Clallam  Search this
Numbers -- Twana  Search this
Numbers -- Chemakum  Search this
Numbers -- Clallam  Search this
Games and toys -- Twana  Search this
Games and toys -- Chemakum  Search this
Games and toys -- Clallam  Search this
Dance -- Twana  Search this
Dance -- Chemakum  Search this
Dance -- Clallam  Search this
Music -- Twana  Search this
Music -- Chemakum  Search this
Music -- Clallam  Search this
Basket making -- Twana  Search this
Basket making -- Chemakum  Search this
Basket making -- Clallam  Search this
Hide preparation -- Twana  Search this
Hide preparation -- Chemakum  Search this
Hide preparation -- Clallam  Search this
Woodwork and wood carving -- Twana  Search this
Woodwork and wood carving -- Chemakum  Search this
Woodwork and wood carving -- Clallam  Search this
Marriage and family -- Twana  Search this
Marriage and family -- Chemakum  Search this
Marriage and family -- Clallam  Search this
Children and childbirth -- Twana  Search this
Children and childbirth -- Chemakum  Search this
Children and childbirth -- Clallam  Search this
Cannibalism -- Twana  Search this
Cannibalism -- Chemakum  Search this
Cannibalism -- Clallam  Search this
Puberty rites -- Twana  Search this
Puberty rites -- Chemakum  Search this
Puberty rites -- Clallam  Search this
Potlatch -- Twana  Search this
Potlatch -- Chemakum  Search this
Potlatch -- Clallam  Search this
Mortuary customs -- Twana  Search this
Mortuary customs -- Chemakum  Search this
Mortuary customs -- Clallam  Search this
Religion -- Twana  Search this
Religion -- Chemakum  Search this
Religion -- Clallam  Search this
Masks -- Twana  Search this
Masks -- Chemakum  Search this
Masks -- Clallam  Search this
Oratory -- Twana  Search this
Oratory -- Chemakum  Search this
Oratory -- Clallam  Search this
Time -- Twana  Search this
Time -- Chemakum  Search this
Time -- Clallam  Search this
Gambling -- Chemakum  Search this
Gambling -- Clallam  Search this
Gambling -- Twana  Search this
Sweat house -- Twana  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Clallam (Klallam)  Search this
Weapons  Search this
Manuscript 1766, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives

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