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Weston -- Miles Garden

Landscape architect:
Furlong, Ethelbert Ely, d. 1993  Search this
Former owner:
Miles, Walter, 1907-1999  Search this
Miles, Jessie  Search this
Architect:
Nakashima, George, 1905-1990  Search this
Collection Creator:
Adams, Molly, 1918-2003  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Miles Garden (Weston, Connecticut)
United States of America -- Connecticut -- Fairfield County -- Weston
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, a copy of an article about the garden with photographs by Molly Adams and a complete plant list, and other information.
General:
This Japanese-style garden was designed by landscape architect Ethelbert E. Furlong for artist Walter Miles and his wife, Jessie, to complement their home, which in turn had been designed by noted architect and woodworker George Nakashima. Because Walter Miles wanted to install and maintain the garden himself, with as little help as possible, he modified Furlong's plan to some degree, while retaining the spirit of the design. Dry stream beds, a pavilion, a bamboo-roofed gatehouse, and irregularly shaped stones were some of the many features of the garden. Although Asian plant material was used extensively, non-Japanese plants such as as Blue Atlas cedar and a flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) were also selected. After leaving this house in 1971, Walter Miles built a second Japanese-style house and garden in Washington, Connecticut, where he lived until 1983.
Persons associated with the property include Ethelbert E. Furlong (landscape architect, ca. 1960); George Nakashima (architect, ca. 1950); and Walter and Jessie Miles (former owners, 1950-1971).
Related Materials:
Miles Garden related holdings consist of 1 folder (18 safety film negatives; 9 photographic prints)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Connecticut -- Weston  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, Maida Babson Adams American garden collection.
Identifier:
AAG.ADM, File CT317
See more items in:
Maida Babson Adams American garden collection
Maida Babson Adams American garden collection / Garden Images by Subject / 1.2: Delaware
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb628746384-1a85-4ffe-a934-cc2a0c8386b2
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-adm-ref620

Oral history interview with Betty Cooke

Interviewee:
Cooke, Betty, 1924-  Search this
Interviewer:
Yager, Jan, 1951-  Search this
Creator:
Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America  Search this
Names:
Cranbrook Academy of Art -- Students  Search this
Maryland Institute, College of Art -- Faculty  Search this
Maryland Institute, College of Art -- Students  Search this
Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America  Search this
Beene, Geoffrey  Search this
Bertoia, Harry  Search this
De Patta, Margaret, 1903-1964  Search this
Morton, Philip  Search this
Nakashima, George, 1905-1990  Search this
Steinmetz, Bill  Search this
Extent:
132 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
2004 July 1-2
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Betty Cooke conducted 2004 July 1-2, by Jan Yager, for the Archives of American Art's Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America, in Baltimore, Maryland.
Cooke speaks of her family and growing up in Baltimore, Maryland; taking art classes in high school; attending the Maryland Institute, College of Art; apprenticing in a jeweler's studio; teaching design at the Maryland Institute; buying a house and setting up a studio and shop in it; showing her work in the MoMA "Good Design" Exhibition; marrying fellow artist Bill Steinmetz; working as a design consultant; designing interiors for bowling alleys and restaurants; early jewelry designs; studying one summer at Cranbrook Academy of Art; selling works in various galleries; her interest in folk art; using wood and stones in her pieces; creating a wall mural for a school; working with the Rouse Company; opening The Store Ltd. at Cross Keys and designing the modern interior; her trademark designs; making jewelry on commission; and showing her work in exhibitions. Cooke also speaks of her current studio space and routine; sketching designs; documenting her work; traveling to Mexico, China, Morocco, and London; her current involvement with the Maryland Institute, College of Art; renovating a barn for a new studio; the function and wearability of her jewelry; having a retrospective show in 1995; designing for Geoffrey Beene; her interest in painting and sculpture; defining design versus craft; the market for jewelry; how her work has changed over time; sources of inspiration; collecting objects; deciding to go into retail; choosing metals and tools; masculine and feminine jewelry; and being a female artist. Cooke also recalls Margaret De Patta, Harry Bertoia, Philip Morton, George Nakashima, and others.
Biographical / Historical:
Betty Cooke (1924- ) is a jeweler and metalsmith of Baltimore, Maryland. Jan Yager is a jeweler from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
General:
Originally recorded on 5 sound discs. Reformatted in 2010 as 8 digital wav files. Duration is 6 hr., 2 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators.
Occupation:
Jewelers -- Maryland -- Baltimore  Search this
Metal-workers -- Maryland -- Baltimore  Search this
Topic:
Decorative arts  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Women designers  Search this
Function:
Artists' studios
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.cooke04
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw94615c64b-45d5-4415-a2ba-a76412a92057
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-cooke04
Online Media:

George Nakashima papers

Creator:
Nakashima, George, 1905-1990  Search this
Names:
Caldwell, Alfred, 1903-1998  Search this
Extent:
1 Linear foot
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1950-1991
Summary:
The papers of architect, craftsman, woodworker, and furniture designer George Nakashima measure 1.0 linear foot and date from 1950 to 1991. The collection is comprised of biographical material, correspondence, writings, subject files, and printed material that mostly relate to Nakashima's work in furniture design.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of architect, craftsman, woodworker, and furniture designer George Nakashima measure 1.0 linear foot and date from 1950 to 1991. The collection is comprised of biographical material, correspondence, writings, subject files, and printed material that mostly relate to Nakashima's work in furniture design.

Biographical materials consist of a curriculum vitae and obituaries. Correspondence is with clients, colleagues, and friends in the United Staes, Japan, and the Sri Aurobindo community. Writings by and about Nakashima include articles, essays, and a speech about his design processes. Subject files are on Alfred Caldwell, flush toilet systems, trademark, and wood and tree services. Printed material includes art reproductions, booklets, catalogs, clippings, and publicity material.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as five series.

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1990 (Box 1; 1 folder)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1950-1990 (Box 1; 0.7 linear feet)

Series 3: Writings, 1953-1989 (Box 1, 2 folders)

Series 4: Subject Files, 1957-1980s (Box 1, 4 folders)

Series 5: Printed Material, 1954-1991 (Box 1, 0.2 linear feet)
Biographical / Historical:
George Nakashima (1905-1990) was a Japanese American architect, craftsman, woodworker, and furniture designer in New Hope, Pennsylvania. He was born in Spokane, Washington and received a bachelor's degree in architecture from the University of Washington in 1929. He also earned a master's degree from Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1930.

After his studies, Nakashima traveled around the world by steamship. He spent time in France, North Africa, and Japan. While in Japan, he began working under architect Antonin Raymond. When Raymond's architecture company was commissioned to build for the Sri Aurobindo ashram in Puducherry, India, Nakashima became the onsite architect as well as a devotee of Sri Aurobindo. When World War II began, Nakashima returned to the U.S. with his wife, Marion, whom he met in Japan. George, Marion, and their infant daughter Mira were sent to a Japanese internment camp in Idaho in 1942. The Nakashimas were able to leave the camp after Raymond sponsored their release in 1943. Nakashima began working on Raymond's farm in Bucks County, Pennsylvania, where he eventually built his workshop. Nakashima's son Kevin was born after the family relocated to Pennsylvania.

Nakashima's design work includes furniture lines for the Widdicomb Furniture Company and Knoll Furniture, and 200 pieces of furniture commissioned by Nelson Rockefeller. He also wrote a book titled The Soul of a Tree: A Master Woodworker's Reflections.

Nakashima died in 1990.
Provenance:
The papers were donated by Marion Nakashima, widow of George Nakashima, in 1991.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Topic:
Artisans  Search this
Asian American art  Search this
Asian American artists  Search this
Asian American architects  Search this
Decorative arts  Search this
Furniture making  Search this
handicrafts  Search this
Woodworkers  Search this
Japanese American art  Search this
Japanese American artists  Search this
Furniture designers--Pennsylvania--New Hope  Search this
Asian American woodworkers  Search this
Asian American furniture designers  Search this
Japanese Americans -- Forced removal and internment, 1942-1945  Search this
Citation:
George Nakashima papers, 1950-1991. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.nakageor
See more items in:
George Nakashima papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw951f5d690-c216-4f39-8cf0-ac548a0c8c03
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-nakageor
Online Media:

Biographical Material

Collection Creator:
Nakashima, George, 1905-1990  Search this
Extent:
1 Folder (Box 1)
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1990
Scope and Contents:
This series contains Nakashima's curriculum vitae, a memorial service bulletin, and photocopies of his obituaries.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Collection Citation:
George Nakashima papers, 1950-1991. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.nakageor, Series 1
See more items in:
George Nakashima papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw941fe8ffd-05a6-4dd1-ab2b-1f9ed5cee37f
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-nakageor-ref1

General

Collection Creator:
Nakashima, George, 1905-1990  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 5
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1970-1979
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Collection Citation:
George Nakashima papers, 1950-1991. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
George Nakashima papers
George Nakashima papers / Series 2: Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9a563e6d4-1278-4115-a2ae-d6a0861da4ee
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-nakageor-ref10

General (Holiday Greeting Cards)

Collection Creator:
Nakashima, George, 1905-1990  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 6
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1980s
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Collection Citation:
George Nakashima papers, 1950-1991. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
George Nakashima papers
George Nakashima papers / Series 2: Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw92c4eb6d8-f67f-4522-9c9d-60ca1acebd94
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-nakageor-ref11

General

Collection Creator:
Nakashima, George, 1905-1990  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 18
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1990
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Collection Citation:
George Nakashima papers, 1950-1991. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
George Nakashima papers
George Nakashima papers / Series 2: Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9784a9080-a971-4777-abf1-c9dfdd3a7972
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-nakageor-ref12

Awards, Regarding

Collection Creator:
Nakashima, George, 1905-1990  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 19
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1982-1985
Scope and Contents:
Includes material on the Order of the Sacred Treasure awarded by the Emperor of Japan and the Altar for Peace.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Collection Citation:
George Nakashima papers, 1950-1991. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
George Nakashima papers
George Nakashima papers / Series 2: Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw947183b83-089f-47aa-80ef-e2cb72b372fc
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-nakageor-ref13

Central Bucks Chamber of Commerce Exhibition

Collection Creator:
Nakashima, George, 1905-1990  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 20
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1988
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Collection Citation:
George Nakashima papers, 1950-1991. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
George Nakashima papers
George Nakashima papers / Series 2: Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9c1cd921b-d4c1-46c3-a69b-7005a2ec1b2c
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-nakageor-ref14

Japan

Collection Creator:
Nakashima, George, 1905-1990  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 21
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1963-1989
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Collection Citation:
George Nakashima papers, 1950-1991. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
George Nakashima papers
George Nakashima papers / Series 2: Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw90779d0dc-5966-4812-a5fd-986fb7be3e29
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-nakageor-ref15

The Soul of the Tree: A Woodworker's Reflections, Regarding

Collection Creator:
Nakashima, George, 1905-1990  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 24
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1981-1982
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Collection Citation:
George Nakashima papers, 1950-1991. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
George Nakashima papers
George Nakashima papers / Series 2: Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw951302e06-dbaf-4969-ab76-5c2636066bf1
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-nakageor-ref16

Sri Aurobindo Matrimandir

Collection Creator:
Nakashima, George, 1905-1990  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 25-27
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1965-1989
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Collection Citation:
George Nakashima papers, 1950-1991. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
George Nakashima papers
George Nakashima papers / Series 2: Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw999a8ba2b-372f-4b05-b5fd-d15ed9748ff9
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-nakageor-ref17

Merchant, Vasant

Collection Creator:
Nakashima, George, 1905-1990  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 22-23
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1982-1987
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Collection Citation:
George Nakashima papers, 1950-1991. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
George Nakashima papers
George Nakashima papers / Series 2: Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9a691127d-d15d-4f6d-b347-a060ca8b5fd0
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-nakageor-ref18

By Nakashima

Collection Creator:
Nakashima, George, 1905-1990  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 28
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1953
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Collection Citation:
George Nakashima papers, 1950-1991. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
George Nakashima papers
George Nakashima papers / Series 3: Writings
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9b31ece36-6e77-4284-a76a-af0f96011bd3
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-nakageor-ref19

Correspondence

Collection Creator:
Nakashima, George, 1905-1990  Search this
Extent:
0.7 Linear feet (Box 1)
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1950-1991
Scope and Contents:
This series consists of general chronological files and named files. Chronological correspondence spans four decades and includes letters with clients, colleagues, and friends regarding business dealings, visits to Nakashima's workshop, and his ongoing affiliation with the Sri Aurobindo community. Named files are for awards, an exhibition at the Central Bucks Chamber of Commerce, correspondents in Japan, scholar and Sri Aurobindo devotee Vasant Merchant, correspondence regarding Nakashima's book titled The Soul of the Tree: A Woodworker's Reflections, and letters from the Sri Aurobindo temple.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Collection Citation:
George Nakashima papers, 1950-1991. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.nakageor, Series 2
See more items in:
George Nakashima papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw90b210b08-38eb-41ad-aaea-eccd88e7bc30
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-nakageor-ref2

About Nakashima

Collection Creator:
Nakashima, George, 1905-1990  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 29
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1978-1989
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Collection Citation:
George Nakashima papers, 1950-1991. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
George Nakashima papers
George Nakashima papers / Series 3: Writings
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9b1a1752c-de4c-406e-ab2c-b1cb696763db
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-nakageor-ref20

Caldwell, Alfred

Collection Creator:
Nakashima, George, 1905-1990  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 30
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1980s
Scope and Contents:
Includes a speech transcript and photocopy of "The Hex of Harmony" by Caldwell.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Collection Citation:
George Nakashima papers, 1950-1991. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
George Nakashima papers
George Nakashima papers / Series 4: Subject Files
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9f0b82d95-60e2-4fbf-b96a-7cd964401b22
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-nakageor-ref21

Flush Toilet Systems

Collection Creator:
Nakashima, George, 1905-1990  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 31
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1976
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Collection Citation:
George Nakashima papers, 1950-1991. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
George Nakashima papers
George Nakashima papers / Series 4: Subject Files
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9010617da-4c6e-4167-9804-d55022d40ced
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-nakageor-ref22

Trademark

Collection Creator:
Nakashima, George, 1905-1990  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 32
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1957
Scope and Contents:
Includes an engraving copy of a hand drawn logo for Nakashima's business.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Collection Citation:
George Nakashima papers, 1950-1991. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
George Nakashima papers
George Nakashima papers / Series 4: Subject Files
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9ee4ab202-a2ff-423c-9f3f-f7a81947590f
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-nakageor-ref23

Wood and Tree Services

Collection Creator:
Nakashima, George, 1905-1990  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 33
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1960-1980s
Scope and Contents:
Includes photographs of cut trees, tables, and clocks.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Collection Citation:
George Nakashima papers, 1950-1991. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
George Nakashima papers
George Nakashima papers / Series 4: Subject Files
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw90099a94e-ca48-45b5-9be8-8afcfd2b5455
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-nakageor-ref24

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