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Jay DeFeo papers, circa 1940s-1979

Creator:
DeFeo, Jay, 1929-  Search this
Subject:
Hedrick, Wally  Search this
Berman, Wallace  Search this
Terrill, Ruth  Search this
Blum, Irving  Search this
Conner, Bruce  Search this
Type:
Drawings
Citation:
Jay DeFeo papers, circa 1940s-1979. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Women artists  Search this
Women photographers  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Expressionism (Art)  Search this
Symbolism  Search this
Beat generation  Search this
Theme:
Women  Search this
Photography  Search this
Lives of artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7417
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209575
AAA_collcode_defejay
Theme:
Women
Photography
Lives of artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209575
Online Media:

[Ella Fitzgerald's passport, with black-and-white photoprint]

Creator:
United States of America, Department of State (sponsr)  Search this
Names:
Jazz Photographs: Composed and Improvised (Archives Center display cases, National Museum of American History, March 28-May 10, 2005).  Search this
Fitzgerald, Ella, 1917-1996  Search this
Collection Creator:
Fitzgerald, Ella, 1917-1996  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (6-1/8" x 3-7/8".)
Culture:
African Americans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Passports
Date:
1959
Scope and Contents:
Issued March 27, 1959. Contains bearer's address: 718 Mo. Sierra Dr., Beverly Hills, Calif. Also contains description of bearer. Passport documents singer's travels. Stamps/Visas include: Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Britain, Bulgaria, France, Germany, Israel, Italy, Netherlands, Switzerland, Yugoslavia. Anonymous passport photograph.
Local Numbers:
AC0584-0000001.tif (AC Scan)
General:
In Series 9, Box 61, Folder 1.
Exhibitions Note:
Shown in exhibition "Jazz Photographs: Composed and Improvised," Archives Center display cases, National Museum of American History, March 28-May 10, 2005.
Restrictions:
Unrestricted research use on site by appointment. Photographs must be handled with cotton gloves unless protected by sleeves.
Collection Rights:
The Archives Center can provide reproductions of some materials for research and educational use. Copyright and right to publicity restrictions apply and limit reproduction for other purposes. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Singers  Search this
African American singers  Search this
Jazz musicians  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1950-1960 -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin
Passports
Collection Citation:
Ella Fitzgerald Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Ella Fitzgerald Papers
Ella Fitzgerald Papers / Series 9: Ephemera / 9.2: Miscellaneous / I.D.s, Passports
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8cfb95f67-ef68-4120-8a63-ab493f79963d
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0584-ref2794

Jay DeFeo papers

Creator:
DeFeo, Jay, 1929-1989  Search this
Names:
Berman, Wallace, 1926-1976  Search this
Blum, Irving, 1930-  Search this
Conner, Bruce, 1933-2008  Search this
Hedrick, Wally, 1928-2003  Search this
Terrill, Ruth  Search this
Extent:
1.5 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Date:
circa 1940s-1979
Summary:
The papers of California painter Jay DeFeo measure 1.5 linear feet and date from circa 1940s to 1979. The collection provides scattered documentation of DeFeo's career, and details on her seminal work, The Rose, through biographical material, correspondence with friends and colleagues, personal business records, writings by others, printed material, photographs highlighting DeFeo's prominent role in her community, and artwork.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of California painter Jay DeFeo measure 1.5 linear feet and date from circa 1940s to 1979. The collection provides scattered documentation of DeFeo's career, and details on her seminal work, The Rose, through biographical material, correspondence with friends and colleagues, personal business records, writings by others, printed material, photographs highlighting DeFeo's prominent role in her community, and artwork.

Correspondence, while scattered, contains some significant and illuminating letters. The series includes documentation of Bruce Conner's assistance in managing the moving and conservation of The Rose, correspondence with the Pasadena Art Museum regarding the first public showing of the work, and correspondence with the San Francisco Museum of Art and Tony Rockwell regarding its conservation. Other correspondents of note include Wallace Berman, Irving Blum and Ferus Gallery, Mark Green, Frank Lobdell, Fred Martin, David Simpson, Ruth Terrill, and Eleanor (Nell) Sinton. Throughout the series letters both to and from DeFeo provide details on her thoughts about her work, personal and professional challenges and decisions at various stages of her career, and her artistic growth as she developed her interest in photography and other media.

Writings are by others and include reflections by Fred Martin on art and travel, and poems from Wallace Berman's self-published journal, Semina. Personal business records contain significant documentation of preservation costs for The Rose, the purchase of DeFeo's work, Incision, and the lease of the flat that was the site of DeFeo's personal and artistic growth and community for over a decade. Printed material includes scattered articles on artwork by DeFeo and others, posters announcing DeFeo's group and solo exhibitions at Ferus Gallery, and announcements and catalogs for others.

Photographs provide important documentation of DeFeo's pivotal role in the San Francisco art community and include some of the most reproduced images of her and others including Wally Hedrick and Joan Brown, taken by photographers such as Jerry Burchard, Wallace Berman, Wally Hedrick, and DeFeo. Many other personal photographs of group trips to the beach and parties at the Fillmore Street flat capture the camaraderie and vitality of the community to which DeFeo belonged.

Also found are several collages made by DeFeo, and artwork by others including Wallace Berman, and sketches by Al Wong.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 7 series

Missing Title

Series 1: Biographical material, 1948-1969 (2 folders; Box 1)

Series 2: Correspondence, circa 1950-1979 (0.4 linear feet; Box 1, OV 3)

Series 3: Writings, circa 1950s-circa 1960s (0.1 linear feet; Box 1, OV 3)

Series 4: Personal Business Records, 1955-1974 (3 folders; Box 1)

Series 5: Printed Material, 1956-1975 (0.2 linear feet; Box 1, OV 3)

Series 6: Photographs, circa 1940s-circa 1970s (0.5 linear feet; Boxes 1-2, OV 3)

Series 7: Artwork, circa 1950s-circa 1960s (0.3 linear feet; Box 2)
Biographical / Historical:
Expressionist and symbolist painter, photographer, and educator Jay DeFeo (1929-1989) was a central figure in the progressive community of artists, poets, and musicians of the San Francisco Bay Area in the 1950s-1960s. She devoted eight years to producing her most celebrated painting, The Rose, and was known for her endlessly experimental cross-disciplinary work in painting, drawing, photography, and collage.

DeFeo was born in Hanover, New Hampshire, and was three years old when her family moved to the San Francisco Bay Area. She attended the University of California Berkeley and earned bachelor's and master's degrees in studio art in 1950-1951. She then traveled for eighteen months on a scholarship to France, Spain, North Africa, and Italy and spent six months in Florence producing her first significant body of work.

DeFeo returned to San Francisco in 1953 and married fellow artist Wally Hedrick in 1954. The couple rented a Victorian flat at 2322 Fillmore Street and actively participated in Beat counterculture, throwing large parties for their friends including artists, musicians, painters, poets, and photographers. Joan and Bill Brown were neighbors and the four artists shared ideas and space to such an extent that they cut a door in an adjoining wall so they could come and go between their two apartments with ease.

DeFeo's first solo exhibition was held at the Dilexi Gallery in 1959, and Dorothy Miller selected her work for her landmark Sixteen Americans exhibition the same year. After an exhibition at Ferus Gallery in 1960, DeFeo turned down other gallery affiliations to work almost exclusively on The Rose. Completed in the Fillmore Street flat in 1966, DeFeo's monumental work was first exhibited at the Pasadena Art Museum in 1969, and was later moved to the San Francisco Art Institute to await conservation.

DeFeo and Hedrick divorced in 1969, and DeFeo moved to Larkspur in Marin County to regroup from personal set-backs and the draining experience of working on The Rose. She taught part-time at various art institutions in California, and in 1981 moved to Oakland and joined the art faculty at Mills College, becoming a tenured professor in 1986. She worked prolifically as an artist to the end of her life.

The Rose underwent extensive conservation and in 1995 was purchased by the Whitney Museum of American Art for the museum's permanent collection. DeFeo's work has been exhibited extensively in the United States and Europe and can be found in the collections of major museums throughout the United States and abroad.
Related Materials:
The Archives of American Art has an oral history interview with DeFeo conducted 1975 June 3-1976 January 23 by Paul Karlstrom for the Archives of America Art. An 83 page transcript is available online. The Bancroft Library at the University of California, Berkeley holds some of DeFeo's archival materials.
Provenance:
Donated between 1975-1981 by Jay DeFeo.
Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Painters -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Photographers -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Topic:
Women artists  Search this
Women photographers  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Expressionism (Art)  Search this
Symbolism  Search this
Beat generation  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Citation:
Jay DeFeo papers, circa 1940s-1970s. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.defejay
See more items in:
Jay DeFeo papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9dff5ea0d-1d76-490d-a136-3ef1e7eeaec4
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-defejay
Online Media:

[Jimmy Hamilton, Paul Gonsalves (foreground, playing saxophone), Bobby Boyd, valet and bandboy (background in recording booth), black-and-white photoprint,] 1956

Names:
Boyd, Bobby  Search this
Gonsalves, Paul  Search this
Hamilton, Jimmy  Search this
Collection Creator:
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Silver gelatin on paper.)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Arrangement:
Box No. 1.
Local Numbers:
AC0301-0000015.tif (AC Scan No.)
Series Restrictions:
Unrestricted research access on site by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.

Copyright restrictions. Consult the Archives Center at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.

Paul Ellington, executor, is represented by:

Richard J.J. Scarola, Scarola Ellis LLP, 888 Seventh Avenue, 45th Floor, New York, New York 10106. Telephone (212) 757-0007 x 235; Fax (212) 757-0469; email: rjjs@selaw.com; www.selaw.com; www.ourlawfirm.com.
Topic:
Jazz  Search this
Musicians -- 1950-1960 -- United States  Search this
Saxophone  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1950-1960 -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin
Collection Citation:
Duke Ellington Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Duke Ellington Collection
Duke Ellington Collection / Series 7: Photographs, Duke Ellington Collection / 7.7.8: Candid Shots
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8e5e698b9-5970-4a7f-b517-e312bd7e7991
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0301-ref53238

[Ray Vance playing trumpet : black-and-white photoprint.]

Names:
Vance, Ray  Search this
Collection Creator:
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Silver gelatin on paper.)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Arrangement:
Box No. 1.
Local Numbers:
AC0301-0000018.tif (AC Scan No.)
Series Restrictions:
Unrestricted research access on site by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.

Copyright restrictions. Consult the Archives Center at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.

Paul Ellington, executor, is represented by:

Richard J.J. Scarola, Scarola Ellis LLP, 888 Seventh Avenue, 45th Floor, New York, New York 10106. Telephone (212) 757-0007 x 235; Fax (212) 757-0469; email: rjjs@selaw.com; www.selaw.com; www.ourlawfirm.com.
Topic:
Jazz musicians  Search this
Trumpet  Search this
Musicians -- 1950-1960 -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1950-1960 -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin
Collection Citation:
Duke Ellington Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Duke Ellington Collection
Duke Ellington Collection / Series 7: Photographs, Duke Ellington Collection / 7.7.6: Band Members
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8ccfe4d5f-c798-4fad-b2ab-d094f408ce07
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0301-ref53241

[Duke Ellington giving a radio interview, "1950; International Dairy Exp. Louis Zekiel" [Black-and-white photoprint.]

Photographer:
Kirk Studio (Indianapolis, Ind.)  Search this
Names:
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Collection Creator:
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Silver gelatin on paper.)
Culture:
African Americans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Scope and Contents:
Ellington sits in a studio behind a turntable, microphones (one with the letters WIRE) , and other equipment, with the interviewer. Photographer's stamp: Kirk Studio, Indianapolis.
Arrangement:
Box No. 6.
Local Numbers:
AC0301-0000068.tif (AC Scan No.)

95-11930 (SI Neg.)
Series Restrictions:
Unrestricted research access on site by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.

Copyright restrictions. Consult the Archives Center at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.

Paul Ellington, executor, is represented by:

Richard J.J. Scarola, Scarola Ellis LLP, 888 Seventh Avenue, 45th Floor, New York, New York 10106. Telephone (212) 757-0007 x 235; Fax (212) 757-0469; email: rjjs@selaw.com; www.selaw.com; www.ourlawfirm.com.
Topic:
Radio programs -- 1950-1960.  Search this
Jazz musicians -- 1950-2000 -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1950-1960 -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin
Collection Citation:
Duke Ellington Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Duke Ellington Collection
Duke Ellington Collection / Series 7: Photographs, Duke Ellington Collection / 7.7.35: Interviews
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep873c6baaf-e2d7-4f0c-8888-853343fe3a98
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0301-ref53286

Photograph of LaVern Baker

Photograph by:
Bruno Bernard, American, 1912 - 1987  Search this
Distributed by:
General Artists Corporation, American, founded 1940  Search this
Subject of:
LaVern Baker, American, 1929 - 1997  Search this
Medium:
silver and photographic gelatin on photographic paper
Dimensions:
H x W (Image): 8 13/16 × 7 5/16 in. (22.4 × 18.5 cm)
H x W (Sheet): 9 15/16 × 8 1/16 in. (25.3 × 20.5 cm)
Type:
gelatin silver prints
portraits
Place captured:
New York City, New York, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1950-1960
Topic:
African American  Search this
Blues (Music)  Search this
Entertainers  Search this
Singers (Musicians)  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2013.118.184.1
Restrictions & Rights:
Public domain
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Media Arts-Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5710ef684-336d-4d7b-bc6b-7b4fe3be3166
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2013.118.184.1
Online Media:

Photographic postcard of Billy Ward and His Dominoes, with autographs

Photograph by:
Maurice Seymour Studio, American, founded 1929  Search this
Distributed by:
Associated Booking Corporation, American, founded 1940  Search this
Subject of:
Billy Ward & His Dominoes, American, 1950s-1960s  Search this
Rose Marks  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W (Sheet): 5 1/2 × 3 9/16 in. (14 × 9 cm)
H x W (Image): 4 7/16 × 3 in. (11.3 × 7.6 cm)
Type:
portraits
postcards
Place captured:
Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, United States, North and Central America
Place printed:
New York City, New York, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1950-1969
Topic:
African American  Search this
Conductors (Musicians)  Search this
Instrumentalists (Musicians)  Search this
Photography  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2015.97.38.4
Restrictions & Rights:
Public domain
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Media Arts-Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5a78dc324-6e94-4d41-99b1-1122f9148967
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2015.97.38.4
Online Media:

Photograph of Billy Ward and his Dominoes signing autographs

Photograph by:
James A. Joyce, American  Search this
Subject of:
Bill Hawkins, American, 1909 - 1975  Search this
Billy Ward, American, 1921 - 2002  Search this
Clyde McPhatter, American, 1932 - 1972  Search this
Charlie White, American, died 2005  Search this
Billy Brown, American, died 2005  Search this
Joe Lamont, American, died 1998  Search this
Unidentified Man or Men  Search this
Billy Ward & His Dominoes, American, 1950s-1960s  Search this
Bill Hawkins’ Record Studio, American  Search this
Medium:
silver and photographic gelatin on photographic paper
Dimensions:
H x W (Sheet): 8 3/16 × 10 in. (20.8 × 25.4 cm)
Type:
gelatin silver prints
portraits
Place captured:
Cleveland, Cuyahoga County, Ohio, United States, North and Central America
Place printed:
Cleveland, Cuyahoga County, Ohio, United States, North and Central America
Date:
ca. 1954
Topic:
African American  Search this
Photography  Search this
Radio  Search this
Rhythm and blues (Music)  Search this
Singers (Musicians)  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of W. Allen Taylor, son of "Walkin' Talkin' Bill Hawkins," The First Black Disc Jockey of Cleveland, Ohio
Object number:
2018.91.2.17
Restrictions & Rights:
Unknown – Restrictions Possible
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Media Arts-Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd52ef150b9-d36a-41e6-8000-af0e61e7bab4
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2018.91.2.17
Online Media:

Photograph of Bill Hawkins with Billy Ward & His Dominoes

Photograph by:
James A. Joyce, American  Search this
Subject of:
Bill Hawkins, American, 1909 - 1975  Search this
Billy Ward, American, 1921 - 2002  Search this
Clyde McPhatter, American, 1932 - 1972  Search this
Charlie White, American, died 2005  Search this
Billy Brown, American, died 2005  Search this
Joe Lamont, American, died 1998  Search this
Billy Ward & His Dominoes, American, 1950s-1960s  Search this
Bill Hawkins’ Record Studio, American  Search this
WDOK 1260, American, 1950 - 2015  Search this
Medium:
silver and photographic gelatin on photographic paper
Dimensions:
H x W (Image): 8 1/8 × 10 in. (20.6 × 25.4 cm)
H x W (Sheet): 8 3/8 × 9 7/8 in. (21.3 × 25.1 cm)
Type:
photographs
Place captured:
Cleveland, Cuyahoga County, Ohio, United States, North and Central America
Place printed:
Cleveland, Cuyahoga County, Ohio, United States, North and Central America
Date:
ca. 1954
Topic:
African American  Search this
Photography  Search this
Radio  Search this
Rhythm and blues (Music)  Search this
Singers (Musicians)  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of W. Allen Taylor, son of "Walkin' Talkin' Bill Hawkins," The First Black Disc Jockey of Cleveland, Ohio
Object number:
2018.91.2.18
Restrictions & Rights:
Unknown - Restrictions Possible
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Media Arts-Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5271ad869-6437-43a3-91f1-5171cba607bc
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2018.91.2.18
Online Media:

Nickolas Muray papers

Creator:
Muray, Nickolas, 1892-1965  Search this
Names:
New York University -- Faculty  Search this
Kahlo, Frida  Search this
Extent:
1.5 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1910-1992
Summary:
The papers of photographer Nickolas Muray measure 1.5 linear feet and date from 1910 to 1978. Found within the papers are biographical materials; business and personal correspondence, including a handful of letters from Frida Kahlo; writings; teaching files, primarily of photography courses taught at New York University; printed material; artwork; and photographic materials of Muray, his family and friends, and his work.

There is a 0.6 linear feet Unprocessed Addition which includes biographical material, correspondence, photographs, research notes and a diary about Africa, and a subject file on the book The Revealing Eye, Personalities of the 1920s, written by Paul Gallico with photographs taken by Muray, 1967.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of photographer Nickolas Muray measure 1.5 linear feet and date from 1910 to 1992. Found within the papers are biographical materials; business and personal correspondence, including a handful of letters from Frida Kahlo; writings; teaching files, primarily of photography courses taught at New York University; printed material; artwork; and photographic materials of Muray, his family and friends, and his work.

There is a 0.6 linear feet Unprocessed Addition which includes biographical material, correspondence, photographs, research notes and a diary about Africa, and a subject file on the book The Revealing Eye, Personalities of the 1920s, written by Paul Gallico with photographs taken by Muray, 1967.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 2 series.

Missing Title

Series 1: Nickolas Muray papers, 1910-1978 (0.9 linear feet; Boxes 1-2, OV 3)

Series 2: Unprocessed Addition, 1927-1992 (0.6 linear feet; Boxes 4-5)
Biographical / Historical:
Photographer Nickolas Muray (1892-1965) lived and worked in New York, New York and was known for his portrait, fashion, and advertising photography and for his mastery of the carbro color printing process.

Born in Szeged, Hungary, Muray spent time in Budapest as an engraver's apprentice and moved to Germany at the age of 16 to expand his technical knowledge of photo-engraving and photography. In 1913, Muray immigrated to America where he worked as a photo engraver at Stockinger Engraving Co. and eventually opened his own photography studio in 1920. After successfully completing a commission to photograph Broadway star Florence Reed, Muray continued to build his portfolio with regular commissions for Harper's Bazaar and Vanity Fair to photograph movie stars, artists, musicians, artists, and models. In the 1930s, Muray mastered the carbro printing process and established one of the first color labs in America. His color fashion and advertising work continued to appear regularly in Vogue, Ladies' Home Journal, Woman's Home Companion, McCall's and other periodicals.

In addition to his professional work, Muray wrote reviews for Dance magazine and represented the United States in 1928 and 1932 as a member of the Olympic fencing team. He maintained a long distance affair with artist Frida Kahlo throughout the 1930s, eventually ending the relationship but remaining friends until her death in 1954. In 1942, Muray married his fourth wife, Margaret (Peggy) Schwab, with whom he had a daughter, Mimi. Muray died of a heart attack in 1965.
Provenance:
The papers were donated in 1988 and 2019 by Muray's daughter, Mimi Murray.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Topic:
Photography -- Study and teaching  Search this
Photographers -- United States  Search this
Portrait photography  Search this
Latino and Latin American artists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Nickolas Muray papers, 1910-1992. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.muranick
See more items in:
Nickolas Muray papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw90c3eadad-84e7-46f4-ad9b-e200059aaea7
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-muranick
Online Media:

William Claxton Photographs

Creator:
Claxton, William  Search this
Names:
George Williams Brass Band.  Search this
Stan Kenton Band.  Search this
Armstrong, Louis, 1901-1971  Search this
Baker, Chet  Search this
Baker, Halima  Search this
Charles, Ray, 1930-2004  Search this
Charles, Roosevelt  Search this
Coleman, Ornette  Search this
Coltrane, John, 1926-1967  Search this
Davis, Miles  Search this
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Evans, Bill, 1929-1980  Search this
Gillespie, Dizzy, 1917-1993  Search this
Jones, Elvin  Search this
Kenton, Stan  Search this
Monk, Thelonious  Search this
Mulligan, Gerry  Search this
Parker, Charlie, 1920-1955  Search this
Rollins, Sonny  Search this
Sinatra, Frank, 1915-1998  Search this
Washington, Dinah, 1924-1963  Search this
Webster, Ben  Search this
Williams, Cootie, 1911-1985  Search this
Williams, Joe, 1918-  Search this
Extent:
1 Cubic foot (28 items)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1951-1970
Summary:
Photographic prints taken by photographer William Claxton (October 12, 1927-October 11, 2008) of jazz musicians.
Scope and Contents:
Collection consists of twenty-eight photographic prints processed in 1999 by a professional laboratory for photographer William Claxton. The prints document jazz artists in recording sessions and performing throughout the United States. It is divided into two series: Series 1, Duke Ellington, 1955-1960, and Series 2, Other Artists, 1955-1970.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into two series.

Series 1: Duke Ellington, 1955-1960

Series 2: Other Artists, 1951-1970
Materials in the Archives Center, National Museum of American History:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History

Duke Ellington Collection, NMAH.AC.0301

William H. Quealy Collection of Duke Ellington Recordings, NMAH.AC.0296

Duke Ellington Oral History Project, NMAH.AC.0368

Billy Strayhorn Ephemera Collection, NMAH.AC.0383

Collection of Duke Ellington Ephemera and Related Audio-visual Materials, NMAH.AC.0386

Robert Udkoff Collection of Duke Ellington Ephemera, NMAH.AC.0388

Frank Driggs Collection of Duke Ellington Photographic Reference Prints, NMAH.AC.0389

New York Chapter of the Duke Ellington Society Collection, NMAH.AC.O390

Felix Grant Collection, NMAH.AC.0410

Carter Harman Collection of Interviews with Duke Ellington, NMAH.AC.0422

Archives Center Collection of Music Transcriptions of Duke Ellington Compositions, Carter Harman NMAH.AC.0430

Jazz Oral History Collection about Duke Ellington, NMAH.AC.0431

Herman Leonard Photoprints, NMAH.AC.0445

Don Brown Collection of Duke Ellington Recordings, NMAH.AC.0472

Betty McGettigan Collection of Duke Ellington Memorabilia, NMAH.AC.0494

Dr. Theodore Shell Collection of Duke Ellington Ephemera, NMAH.AC.0502

Jay McCarter Phonograph Record Collection, NMAH.AC.0541

Tom Whaley Collection, NMAH.AC.0652

Edward and Gaye Ellington Collection of Duke Ellington Materials, NMAH.AC.0704

Andrew Homzy Collection of Duke Ellington Stock Arrangements, NMAH.AC.0740

John Gensel Collection of Duke Ellington Materials, NMAH.AC.0763

W. Royal Stokes Collection of Music Publicity Photoprints, Interviews and Posters, NMAH.AC.0766 Milt Gabler Papers, NMAH.AC.0849

Paquito D'Rivera Music Manuscripts and Photograph, NMAH.AC.0891

Charismic Productions Records of Dizzy Gillespie, NMAH.AC.0979

Floyd Levin Jazz Reference Collection, NMAH.AC.1222

Al Celley Collection of Duke Ellington Materials, NMAH.AC.1240

James Moody Papers, NMAH.AC.1405
Provenance:
The National Museum of American History purchased the collection on March 31, 1999.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Gloves required with unprotected photographs.
Rights:
Copyright restrictions. Contact staff for information.
Topic:
Musicians -- 1950-1960 -- United States  Search this
Music -- West coast -- 1950-1960  Search this
Jazz  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin -- 1950-2000
Citation:
William Claxton Photographs, 1951-1971, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0695
See more items in:
William Claxton Photographs
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8f806c04e-a0d9-46c4-8765-417e8e2084e0
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0695
Online Media:

The Opener [Curtis Fuller] [black-and-white photoprint]

Photographer:
Wolff, Francis, 1907?-1971  Search this
Donor:
Cuscuna, Michael  Search this
Mosaic Images  Search this
Names:
Blue Note Records  Search this
Fuller, Curtis, 1934-  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Wolff, Francis, 1907?-1971  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (paper 20" x 16".; Silver gelatin on paper, 36.5 x 36.0 cm. on)
Container:
Box 1
Culture:
African Americans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Later prints
Photographs
Date:
June 16, 1957
1957
Scope and Contents:
Curtis Fuller at his June 16, 1957 session for "The Opener" at the Van Gelder Studio, New Jersey. Recording session with Mobley, Timmons, Chambers, Taylor. Fuller plays trombone and smoke curls above his head. This photograph became the album's cover image.
Local Numbers:
AC1238-0000001 (AC Scan)
Exhibitions Note:
Displayed in "The Blue Note Photographs of Francis Wolff," National Museum of American History, April 1-June 30, 2016; David Haberstich, curator.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Copyright held by Michael Cuscuna, Mosaic Records.
Topic:
Smoke  Search this
Trombone  Search this
Jazz musicians -- 1950-2000 -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Later prints
Photographs -- 1950-1960 -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin
Collection Citation:
Francis Wolff Jazz Photoprints, Archives Center, National Museum of American History. Gift of Michael Cuscuna.
See more items in:
Francis Wolff Jazz Photoprints
Francis Wolff Jazz Photoprints / Series 1: Photoprints / Curtis Fuller at his June 16, 1957 session for "The Opener" (Blue Note) at the Van Gelder Studio, Hackensack, N.J. This became the album's cover image. (Missing)
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep81d9e9780-3980-4de2-8798-6def8b4ed544
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1238-ref541

Art Blakey at his January 24, 1962 session for "The American Beat" at the Van Gelder Studio, New Jersey [black-and-white photoprint]

Photographer:
Wolff, Francis, 1907?-1971  Search this
Donor:
Cuscuna, Michael  Search this
Mosaic Images  Search this
Names:
Blue Note Records  Search this
Blakey, Art, 1919-1990  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Wolff, Francis, 1907?-1971  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (paper 20" x 16".; Silver gelatin on paper, 36.5 x 36.0 cm. on)
Container:
Box 1
Culture:
African Americans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Later prints
Photographs
Date:
1962
Local Numbers:
AC1238-0000001 (AC Scan)
Exhibitions Note:
Displayed in "The Blue Note Photographs of Francis Wolff," National Museum of American History, April 1-June 30, 2016; David Haberstich, curator.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Copyright held by Michael Cuscuna, Mosaic Records.
Topic:
Jazz  Search this
Jazz musicians -- 1950-2000 -- United States  Search this
Drums  Search this
Genre/Form:
Later prints
Photographs -- 1950-1960 -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin
Collection Citation:
Francis Wolff Jazz Photoprints, Archives Center, National Museum of American History. Gift of Michael Cuscuna.
See more items in:
Francis Wolff Jazz Photoprints
Francis Wolff Jazz Photoprints / Series 1: Photoprints / Art Blakey at his January 24, 1962 session for "The African Beat" (Blue Note) at the Van Gelder Studio, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8f384afb6-7c75-467f-b439-278c41568b69
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1238-ref542

Clifford Brown at his August 28, 1053 session for "The Clifford Brown Sextet (Blue Note) at Audio-Video Studios, New York City [black-and-white photoprint]

Photographer:
Wolff, Francis, 1907?-1971  Search this
Donor:
Cuscuna, Michael  Search this
Mosaic Images  Search this
Names:
Blue Note Records  Search this
Brown, Clifford  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Wolff, Francis, 1907?-1971  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (paper 20" x 16".; Silver gelatin on paper, 36.5 x 36.0 cm. on)
Container:
Box 1
Culture:
African Americans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Later prints
Photographs
Date:
1953
Local Numbers:
AC1238-0000001 (AC Scan)
Exhibitions Note:
Displayed in "The Blue Note Photographs of Francis Wolff," National Museum of American History, April 1-June 30, 2016; David Haberstich, curator.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Copyright held by Michael Cuscuna, Mosaic Records.
Topic:
Jazz  Search this
Jazz musicians -- 1950-2000 -- United States  Search this
Trumpet  Search this
Genre/Form:
Later prints
Photographs -- 1950-1960 -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin
Collection Citation:
Francis Wolff Jazz Photoprints, Archives Center, National Museum of American History. Gift of Michael Cuscuna.
See more items in:
Francis Wolff Jazz Photoprints
Francis Wolff Jazz Photoprints / Series 1: Photoprints / Clifford Brown at his August 28, 1953 session for "The Clifford Brown Sextet (Blue Note) at Audio-Visual Studios, New York City
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep84b010800-96d3-4e51-b071-08836830b0bc
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1238-ref543

Ron Carter at Sam Rivers's May 21, 1965 session for "Contours" (Blue Note) at the Van Gelder studio, New Jersey [black-and-white photoprint]

Photographer:
Wolff, Francis, 1907?-1971  Search this
Donor:
Cuscuna, Michael  Search this
Mosaic Images  Search this
Names:
Blue Note Records  Search this
Carter, Ron, 1937-  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Wolff, Francis, 1907?-1971  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (paper 20" x 16".; Silver gelatin on paper, 36.5 x 36.0 cm. on)
Container:
Box 1
Culture:
African Americans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Later prints
Photographs
Date:
1965
Local Numbers:
AC1238-0000001 (AC Scan)
Exhibitions Note:
Displayed in "The Blue Note Photographs of Francis Wolff," National Museum of American History, April 1-June 30, 2016; David Haberstich, curator.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Copyright held by Michael Cuscuna, Mosaic Records.
Topic:
Jazz  Search this
Jazz musicians -- 1950-2000 -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Later prints
Photographs -- 1950-1960 -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin
Collection Citation:
Francis Wolff Jazz Photoprints, Archives Center, National Museum of American History. Gift of Michael Cuscuna.
See more items in:
Francis Wolff Jazz Photoprints
Francis Wolff Jazz Photoprints / Series 1: Photoprints / Ron Carter at Sam Rivers's May 21, 1965 session for "Contours" (Blue Note) at the Van Gelder Studio, Englewood Cliffs, N.J.
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8b7c5b384-a2f0-4587-acab-5d4a4d4675f7
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1238-ref544

Ornette Coleman at his September 9, 1966 session for "The Empty Foxhole" (Blue Note) at the Van Gelder studio, New Jersey [black-and-white photoprint]

Photographer:
Wolff, Francis, 1907?-1971  Search this
Donor:
Cuscuna, Michael  Search this
Mosaic Images  Search this
Names:
Blue Note Records  Search this
Coleman, Ornette  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Wolff, Francis, 1907?-1971  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (paper 20" x 16".; Silver gelatin on paper, 36.5 x 36.0 cm. on)
Container:
Box 1
Culture:
African Americans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Later prints
Photographs
Date:
1966
Scope and Contents:
Coleman playing violin.
Local Numbers:
AC1238-0000001 (AC Scan)
Exhibitions Note:
Displayed in "The Blue Note Photographs of Francis Wolff," National Museum of American History, April 1-June 30, 2016; David Haberstich, curator.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Copyright held by Michael Cuscuna, Mosaic Records.
Topic:
Jazz  Search this
Jazz musicians -- 1950-2000 -- United States  Search this
Violin  Search this
Genre/Form:
Later prints
Photographs -- 1950-1960 -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin
Collection Citation:
Francis Wolff Jazz Photoprints, Archives Center, National Museum of American History. Gift of Michael Cuscuna.
See more items in:
Francis Wolff Jazz Photoprints
Francis Wolff Jazz Photoprints / Series 1: Photoprints / Ornette Coleman at his Sept. 9, 1966 session for "The Empty Foxhole" (Blue Note) at the Van Gelder Studio, Englewood Cliffs, N.J.
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8c6f848a4-342d-48aa-885f-49546330abcc
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1238-ref545

John Coltrane and Lee Morgan at Coltrane's September 15, 1957 session for "Blue Train" (Blue Note) at the Van Gelder studio, New Jersey [black-and-white photoprint]

Photographer:
Wolff, Francis, 1907?-1971  Search this
Donor:
Cuscuna, Michael  Search this
Mosaic Images  Search this
Names:
Blue Note Records  Search this
Coltrane, John, 1926-1967  Search this
Morgan, Lee  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Wolff, Francis, 1907?-1971  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (paper 20" x 16".; Silver gelatin on paper, 35.5 x 36.0 cm. on)
Container:
Box 1
Culture:
African Americans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Later prints
Photographs
Date:
1957
Local Numbers:
AC1238-0000001 (AC Scan)
Exhibitions Note:
Displayed in "The Blue Note Photographs of Francis Wolff," National Museum of American History, April 1-June 30, 2016; David Haberstich, curator.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Copyright held by Michael Cuscuna, Mosaic Records.
Topic:
Jazz  Search this
Jazz musicians -- 1950-2000 -- United States  Search this
Saxophone  Search this
Trombone  Search this
Genre/Form:
Later prints
Photographs -- 1950-1960 -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin
Collection Citation:
Francis Wolff Jazz Photoprints, Archives Center, National Museum of American History. Gift of Michael Cuscuna.
See more items in:
Francis Wolff Jazz Photoprints
Francis Wolff Jazz Photoprints / Series 1: Photoprints / Lee Morgan at John Coltrane's September 15, 1957 session for "Blue Train" (Blue Note) at the Van Gelder Studio, Hackensack, N.J.
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8e91374d1-6fdd-4866-92dc-833960adfc7f
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1238-ref546

J.J. Johnson and Miles Davis at Davis's session of April 20, 1953 for "The Miles Davis All-Stars" (Blue Note) at WOR Studios, New York City [black-and-white photoprint]

Photographer:
Wolff, Francis, 1907?-1971  Search this
Donor:
Cuscuna, Michael  Search this
Mosaic Images  Search this
Names:
Blue Note Records  Search this
Davis, Miles  Search this
Johnson, J.J., 1924-  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Wolff, Francis, 1907?-1971  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (paper 20" x 16".; Silver gelatin on paper, 36.5 x 36.5 cm. on)
Container:
Box 1
Culture:
African Americans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Later prints
Photographs
Date:
1957
Local Numbers:
AC1238-0000001 (AC Scan)
Exhibitions Note:
Displayed in "The Blue Note Photographs of Francis Wolff," National Museum of American History, April 1-June 30, 2016; David Haberstich, curator.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Copyright held by Michael Cuscuna, Mosaic Records.
Topic:
Jazz  Search this
Jazz musicians -- 1950-2000 -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Later prints
Photographs -- 1950-1960 -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin
Collection Citation:
Francis Wolff Jazz Photoprints, Archives Center, National Museum of American History. Gift of Michael Cuscuna.
See more items in:
Francis Wolff Jazz Photoprints
Francis Wolff Jazz Photoprints / Series 1: Photoprints / J.J. Johnson and Miles Davis at Davis's session of April 20, 1953 for "The Miles Davis All Stars" (Blue Note) at WOR Studios, New York City.
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep88472f611-78d2-4195-b6f6-66ee86fc0a87
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1238-ref547

Dexter Gordon and Freddie Hubbard at Gordon's May 6, 1961 session for "Doin' All Right" (Blue Note) at the Van Gelder Studio, New Jersey [black-and-white photoprint]

Photographer:
Wolff, Francis, 1907?-1971  Search this
Donor:
Cuscuna, Michael  Search this
Mosaic Images  Search this
Names:
Blue Note Records  Search this
Gordon, Dexter, 1923-1990  Search this
Hubbard, Freddie, 1938-  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Wolff, Francis, 1907?-1971  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (paper 20" x 16".; Silver gelatin on paper, 36.5 x 36.0 cm. on)
Container:
Box 1
Culture:
African Americans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Later prints
Photographs
Date:
1961
Local Numbers:
AC1238-0000001 (AC Scan)
Exhibitions Note:
Displayed in "The Blue Note Photographs of Francis Wolff," National Museum of American History, April 1-June 30, 2016; David Haberstich, curator.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Copyright held by Michael Cuscuna, Mosaic Records.
Topic:
Trumpet  Search this
Jazz  Search this
Jazz musicians -- 1950-2000 -- United States  Search this
Saxophone  Search this
Genre/Form:
Later prints
Photographs -- 1950-1960 -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin
Collection Citation:
Francis Wolff Jazz Photoprints, Archives Center, National Museum of American History. Gift of Michael Cuscuna.
See more items in:
Francis Wolff Jazz Photoprints
Francis Wolff Jazz Photoprints / Series 1: Photoprints / Dexter Gordon and Freddie Hubbard at Gordon's May 6, 1961 session for "Don' All Right" (Blue Note) at the Van Gelder Studios, Englewood Cliffs, N.J
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep80f6866dd-6514-40ff-9c50-afc3027ef31b
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1238-ref548

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