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Charles Pollock papers

Creator:
Pollock, Charles C.  Search this
Names:
Pollock, Jackson, 1912-1956  Search this
Extent:
3.1 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Sketches
Cartoons (humorous images)
Date:
1875-1994
Summary:
The papers of painter, muralist, and educator Charles Pollock measure 3.1 linear feet and date from 1875 to 1994. Found within the papers are biographical materials; family and personal correspondence; subject files on art and professional topics; writings; printed material; artwork, including political cartoons and figurative sketches; and photographs of Pollock, his family and friends, and his work.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of painter, muralist, and educator Charles Pollock measure 3.1 linear feet and date from 1875 to 1994. Found within the papers are biographical materials; family and personal correspondence; subject files on art and professional topics; writings; printed material; artwork, including political cartoons and figurative sketches; and photographs of Pollock, his family and friends, and his work.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 7 series.

Series 1: Biographical Materials, 1945-1988 (7 folders; Box 1)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1927-1994 (1 linear foot; Boxes 1-2)

Series 3: Subject Files, 1931-1988 (0.8 linear feet; Box 2)

Series 4: Writings, 1935-1965 (2 folders; Box 2)

Series 5: Printed Material, 1930-1990 (4 folders; Box 2)

Series 6: Artwork, 1925-1949 (0.7 linear feet; Box 3, OV 5-8)

Series 7: Photographic Materials, 1875-1987 (0.4 linear feet; Boxes 3-4)
Biographical / Historical:
Painter, muralist, and educator Charles Pollock (1902-1988) lived and worked in East Lansing, Michigan, New York City, Detroit, and Paris, France and painted in a social realist style early in his career before transitioning to abstract works in the 1940s. He is also the eldest brother of the abstract expressionist Jackson Pollock.

Born in Denver, Colorado to Stella McClure and LeRoy Pollock, Pollock received his early art training at the Otis Institute in Los Angeles, California. In 1926, he moved to New York City to attend the Art Students League where he studied under Thomas Hart Benton, with whom Jackson also studied after joining Charles in New York in 1930. In New York, he met and married his first wife, Elizabeth Feinberg Pollock, in 1931.

Pollock moved to Washington, D.C. in 1935 to work for the Resettlement Administration, and after two years, accepted a position as the political illustrator for the United Automobile Workers' newspaper in Detroit. After a short stint as the illustrator and layout editor for the paper, Pollock served as the supervisor of the Michigan WPA Mural Painting and Graphic Arts division from 1938 to 1942.

Upon completion of a three panel mural for Michigan State University in 1942, Pollock was invited to join the faculty of the art department, where he taught lettering, printmaking, typography, and design. During his twenty-five year tenure at the University, he also served as a book designer for the University's Press and continued to develop his abstract painting style. He met and married his second wife, Sylvia Winter Pollock, in 1957. Pollock served as the University of Pennsylvania's artist in residence in 1965 and 1967, and was the recipient of a National Foundation of Arts Grant (1967) and a Guggenheim Grant (1967-1968). The Pollocks moved to Paris in 1970, where Charles died of complications from a stroke in 1988.
Related Materials:
Also found in the Archives of American Art are the Elizabeth Feinberg Pollock memoirs and the Jackson Pollock and Lee Krasner papers.
Separated Materials:
Nine works of art included in the 1975 gift from Elizabeth Pollock were transferred to the Smithsonian American Art Museum, formerly the National Collection of Fine Arts, in 1976.
Provenance:
The papers were donated in 1975 by Pollock's first wife, Elizabeth Feinberg Pollock, with assistance from Charles Pollock on the selection of items. Additional materials were donated in 1988 by his second wife, Sylvia Winter Pollock. From 1991 to 1994, Elizabeth Pollock gifted additional correspondence and photographs to the Archives.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The Charles Pollock papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Occupation:
Art teachers -- France  Search this
Muralists -- France -- Paris  Search this
Muralists -- Michigan  Search this
Painters -- Michigan  Search this
Topic:
Art teachers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Muralists -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art teachers -- Michigan  Search this
Painters -- France -- Paris  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Expatriate painters -- France -- Paris  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Sketches
Cartoons (humorous images)
Citation:
Charles Pollock papers, 1875-1994. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.pollchar
See more items in:
Charles Pollock papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-pollchar
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Archie L. Musick, 1964 Nov. 10

Interviewee:
Musick, Archie L. (Archie Leroy), 1902-1978  Search this
Interviewer:
Loomis, Sylvia Glidden  Search this
Subject:
New Deal and the Arts Oral History Project  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Federal aid to the arts  Search this
Muralists -- Colorado -- Denver -- Interviews  Search this
Painters -- Colorado -- Denver -- Interviews  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)11630
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)213678
AAA_collcode_musick64
Theme:
New Deal
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_213678

Oral history interview with William Henry Traher, 1964 November 13

Interviewee:
Traher, William Henry, 1908-1984  Search this
Interviewer:
Loomis, Sylvia Glidden  Search this
Subject:
New Deal and the Arts Oral History Project  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Federal aid to the arts  Search this
Mural painting and decoration -- United States  Search this
Muralists -- Colorado -- Denver -- Interviews  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13101
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)213952
AAA_collcode_traher64
Theme:
New Deal
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_213952

Allen Tupper True and True family papers, 1841-1987

Creator:
True, Allen Tupper, 1881-1955  Search this
Subject:
Borglum, Gutzon, 1867-1941  Search this
Pyle, Howard  Search this
Brangwyn, Frank, Sir  Search this
Wyeth, N. C. (Newell Convers)  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Sketches
Diaries
Drawings
Christmas cards
Illustrated letters
Cartoons (working drawings)
Sketchbooks
Topic:
Indians of North America -- Portraits  Search this
Mural painting and decoration, American  Search this
Muralists -- Colorado -- Denver  Search this
Works of art  Search this
Artists' studios -- Photographs  Search this
Illustrators -- Colorado -- Denver  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10219
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)213295
AAA_collcode_truealle
Theme:
Sketches & Sketchbooks
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_213295
Online Media:

Arnold Rönnebeck and Louise Emerson Ronnebeck papers, 1884-2002

Creator:
Rönnebeck, Arnold H., 1885-1947  Search this
Ronnebeck, Louise Emerson, 1901-1980  Search this
Subject:
Luhan, Mabel Dodge  Search this
Luhan, Tony  Search this
Miller, Kenneth Hayes  Search this
Ronnebeck, Louise Emerson  Search this
Hartley, Marsden  Search this
Demuth, Charles  Search this
Stieglitz, Alfred  Search this
Type:
Sketches
Drawings
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Topic:
Sculptors  Search this
Muralists  Search this
Artists -- New Mexico -- Taos  Search this
Portrait sculpture  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5977
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)228105
AAA_collcode_ronnarno
Theme:
Sketches & Sketchbooks
Women
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_228105
Online Media:

Tony Ortega papers, 1984-2010

Creator:
Ortega, Tony, 1958-  Search this
Subject:
Rivera, George F.  Search this
Artnauts (Art collective)  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Sketches
Topic:
Illustrators -- Colorado -- Denver  Search this
Muralists -- Colorado -- Denver  Search this
Political activists  Search this
Chicano movement  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)16300
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)373784
AAA_collcode_ortetony
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_373784
Online Media:

Emanuel Martinez papers, 1964-2015

Creator:
Martinez, Emanuel, 1947-  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Topic:
Muralists -- Colorado -- Denver  Search this
Mural painting and decoration -- 20th century -- Colorado  Search this
Chicano movement -- Colorado  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)17484
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)388915
AAA_collcode_marteman
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_388915
Online Media:

Oral history interview with William Henry Traher

Creator:
Traher, William Henry, 1908-1984  Search this
New Deal and the Arts Oral History Project  Search this
Interviewer:
Loomis, Sylvia Glidden  Search this
Names:
New Deal and the Arts Oral History Project  Search this
Extent:
22 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1964 November 13
Scope and Contents:
An interview of William Henry Traher conducted 1964 November 13, by Sylvia Loomis for the Archives of American Art.
Biographical / Historical:
William Henry Traher (1908-1984) was a painter and muralist in Denver, Colorado.
General:
Originally recorded on 1 sound tape reel. Reformatted in 2010 as 1 digital wav file. Duration is 1 hr., 1 min.
Sound quality is poor.
Provenance:
Conducted as part of the Archives of American Art's New Deal and the Arts project, which includes over 400 interviews of artists, administrators, historians, and others involved with the federal government's art programs and the activities of the Farm Security Administration in the 1930s and early 1940s.
Topic:
Federal aid to the arts  Search this
Mural painting and decoration -- United States  Search this
Muralists -- Colorado -- Denver -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.traher64
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-traher64

Oral history interview with Archie L. Musick

Interviewee:
Musick, Archie (Archie Leroy), 1902-  Search this
Interviewer:
Loomis, Sylvia Glidden  Search this
Creator:
New Deal and the Arts Oral History Project  Search this
Names:
New Deal and the Arts Oral History Project  Search this
Extent:
21 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1964 Nov. 10
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Archie L. Musick conducted 1964 Nov. 10, by Sylvia Loomis for the Archives of American Art.
Biographical / Historical:
Archie L. Musick (1902-1978) was a painter and mural painter in Denver, Colo.
General:
An interview of Charles Bunnell conducted by S. Loomis is also on this tape.
Originally recorded on 1 sound tape reel. Reformatted in 2010 as 1 digital wav file. Duration is 44 min.
Provenance:
Conducted as part of the Archives of American Art's New Deal and the Arts project, which includes over 400 interviews of artists, administrators, historians, and others involved with the federal government's art programs and the activities of the Farm Security Administration in the 1930s and early 1940s.
Topic:
Federal aid to the arts  Search this
Muralists -- Colorado -- Denver -- Interviews  Search this
Painters -- Colorado -- Denver -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.musick64
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-musick64

Allen Tupper True and True family papers

Creator:
True, Allen Tupper, 1881-1955  Search this
Names:
Borglum, Gutzon, 1867-1941  Search this
Brangwyn, Frank, Sir, 1867-1956  Search this
Pyle, Howard, 1853-1911  Search this
Wyeth, N. C. (Newell Convers), 1882-1945  Search this
Extent:
8.2 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Sketches
Diaries
Drawings
Christmas cards
Illustrated letters
Cartoons (working drawings)
Sketchbooks
Date:
1841-1987
Summary:
The Allen Tupper True and True family papers date from 1841 to 1987 and measure 8.2 linear feet. The collection presents a good overview of True's personal life and and his career as mural painter and illustrator specializing in Western themes.
Scope and Content Note:
The Allen Tupper True and True family papers date from 1841 to 1987 and measure 8.2 linear feet. The collection presents a good overview of True's personal life and and his career as mural painter and illustrator specializing in Western themes. Through art work, project files, photographs, and printed material, the collection offers a rich resource, both textually and visually of True's research and work on documenting early twentieth century Native Americans cultural traditions. The papers also document True's childhood and his relationship with his family through various family papers, such as correspondence, genealogies, subject files, photographs, and a scrapbook. The collection is a particularly rich resource for the study of Allen Tupper True's work, as well as original documentation of the American West and Native American culture.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into thirteen series according to material type. The contents of each series have been arranged chronologically. Glass plate negatives are housed separately and closed to researchers.

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1895-1964, undated (box 1, 7 folders)

Series 2: Subject Files, 1873-1955 (box 1, 23 folders)

Series 3: Correspondence, 1841-1956 (boxes 1-4, 3.5 linear ft.)

Series 4: Business Records, 1903-1951 (box 4, 4 folders)

Series 5: Notes, 1902-1920 (box 5, 10 folders)

Series 6: Writings, 1896-1926 (box 5, 5 folders)

Series 7: Artwork, 1897-1923 (boxes 5, 10, and OV 11, 0.5 linear ft.)

Series 8: Project Files, 1912-1987 (boxes 5-6 and 10, 0.75 linear ft.)

Series 9: Photographs, 1859-1950 (boxes 6-7, 1.5 linear ft.)

Series 10: Scrapbook, 1934 (box 7, 1 volume)

Series 11: Printed Material, 1875-1981 (box 7, 21 folders)

Series 12: Artifacts, ca. 1863 (boxes 7 and 10, 9 items)

Series 13: Glass Plate Negatives, undated (boxes 8-9, 0.8 linear ft.)
Biographical Note:
Allen Tupper True (1881-1955) was born in Colorado Springs, Colorado in 1881. He was a student at the University of Denver, and studied at the Corcoran School of Art, Washington, D.C. between 1901 and 1902. In 1902, he was accepted into Howard Pyle's classes in Chadd's Ford, Pennsylvania, and studied there until 1908, befriending classmates George Harding, Gordon McCouch, Thornton Oakley, and N.C. Wyeth. Through Pyle, True began his career as a magazine illustrator.

From approximately 1913-1915, True worked with British muralist Frank Brangwyn, assisting Brangwyn in the execution of murals at the Panama-Pacific Exposition in San Francisco, California.

After marrying Emma Goodman Eaton in 1915 (divorced 1934), True launched his career as a mural painter. His most notable works include the mural decorations in the state capitol buildings of Colorado, Missouri, Nebraska, and Wyoming, as well as murals for the Mountain States Telephone and Telegraph Company Building and the Civic Center in Denver, Colorado. True specialized in depicting Western and Native American themes.

From 1934-1945, True acted as consultant for the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation, in charge of and designing all decoration and color schemes for the Boulder Dam power plant, Grand Coulee Dam, and the Shasta Dam, among others.

True was a Unitarian Mason, and a member of the Mural Painters of America, Beta Theta Pi, Cactus Club of Denver, and the Author's Club, London. He died in 1955.
Provenance:
The Allen Tupper True and True family papers were donated in February and April 1988 by True's daughter Jane True Mueller and his son, Frank True.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Patrons must use microfilm copy.
Rights:
The Allen Tupper True and True family papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Indians of North America -- Portraits  Search this
Mural painting and decoration, American  Search this
Muralists -- Colorado -- Denver  Search this
Works of art  Search this
Artists' studios -- Photographs  Search this
Illustrators -- Colorado -- Denver  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Sketches
Diaries
Drawings
Christmas cards
Illustrated letters
Cartoons (working drawings)
Sketchbooks
Citation:
The Allen Tupper True and True family papers, 1841-1987
Identifier:
AAA.truealle
See more items in:
Allen Tupper True and True family papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-truealle
Online Media:

Arnold Rönnebeck and Louise Emerson Ronnebeck papers

Creator:
Ronnebeck, Arnold, 1885-1947  Search this
Names:
Demuth, Charles, 1883-1935  Search this
Hartley, Marsden, 1877-1943  Search this
Luhan, Mabel Dodge, 1879-1962  Search this
Luhan, Tony  Search this
Miller, Kenneth Hayes, 1876-1952  Search this
Ronnebeck, Louise Emerson, 1901-1980  Search this
Stieglitz, Alfred, 1864-1946  Search this
Extent:
4.24 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sketches
Drawings
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Date:
1884-2002
Summary:
The papers of sculptor Arnold Rönnebeck and painter Louise Emerson Ronnebeck measure 4.24 linear feet and date from 1884-2002. The collection contains biographical material, family and professional correspondence, sketches and drawings, writings, a scrapbook, and printed material. There are also numerous photographic prints, copy prints, negatives, and 7 glass plate negatives of the Rönnebecks and their artwork, travels, family, and friends, including Charles Demuth, Marsden Hartley, Alfred Stieglitz, and Tony Luhan.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of sculptor Arnold Rönnebeck and painter Louise Emerson Ronnebeck measure 4.24 linear feet and date from 1884-2002. The collection contains biographical material, family and professional correspondence, sketches and drawings, writings, a scrapbook, and printed material. There are also numerous photographic prints, copy prints, negatives, and 7 glass plate negatives of the Rönnebecks and their artwork, travels, family, and friends, including Charles Demuth, Marsden Hartley, Alfred Stieglitz, and Tony Luhan.

Biographical materials include articles on the Rönnebecks by Betsy Fahlman, curriculum vitae, and documentation on the Emerson family. Correspondence is primarily between Arnold Rönnebeck to Louise, and also includes letters in German to Arnold's sister Irmgard Rönnebeck. Among the professional and personal correspondence from friends and family to both of the Rönnebecks are letters from Kenneth Hayes Miller to Louise Ronnebeck.

Writings include essay drafts, notes, and poetry by the Rönnebecks, including Arnold Rönnebeck's "Paint-As-You-Go Plan." There is a scrapbook of clippings covering Louise Ronnebeck's work. Additional printed material includes Christmas cards, clippings, and exhibition announcements and catalogs of both the Rönnebecks' work. Artwork consists of drawings and sketches by Arnold Rönnebeck.

Photographic materials include photographs of the Rönnebecks and their travels to Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, New York, and Europe. The series also contains photos, copy prints, negatives, and 7 glass plate negatives of artist friends, and formal and informal documentation of their works of art and public and private art commissions.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 7 series.

Series 1: Biographical Materials, 1926-2002 (9 folders; Box 1, OV 7)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1909-1998 (0.6 linear feet; Box 1, 5)

Series 3: Writings, 1920-1944 (6 folders; Box 1, 5)

Series 4: Scrapbook, 1926-1966 (1 folder; Box 1)

Series 5: Printed Material, 1923-1999 (0.5 linear feet; Box 1-2)

Series 6: Artwork, 1915-1950 (2 folders; Box 2, 5)

Series 7: Photographic Materials, 1884-1976 (2.6 linear feet; Box 2-6)
Biographical Note:
Sculptor Arnold Rönnebeck (1885-1947) was part of the "Stieglitz circle" and settled in Denver where he served as director of the Denver Art Museum from 1926-1931. Rönnebeck married Louise Emerson (1901-1980) in 1926. Emerson was a painter and muralist who worked on New Deal mural commissions in Colorado and Wyoming.

Arnold Rönnebeck was born in Nassau, Germany and was a noted sculptor and lithographer. From 1905 to 1907, Rönnebeck studied architecture at the Royal Art School in Berlin and spent a year studying sculpture in Munich. In 1908, he moved to Paris where he furthered his studies in sculpture under Aristede Maillol and Emile Bourdelle. From 1914 to 1918, Rönnebeck served as an officer in the German Imperial Army during World War I. In 1923, he emigrated to the United States where he became part of the Stieglitz circle.

In 1925, Rönnebeck visited Mabel Dodge Luhan at her ranch in Taos, New Mexico, where he met his future wife, the painter Louise Emerson, born Mary Louise Harrington Emerson in 1901. After their marriage, the Rönnebecks lived in Denver where Arnold Rönnebeck worked as director of the Denver Art Museum and continued to execute commissioned works, including bas reliefs, portrait busts, and sculptures. He died in Denver, Colorado in 1947. Throughout the 1950s and 1960s, Louise Emerson Ronnebeck continued to receive commissions for frescoes and murals in Colorado and Bermuda and died in Denver, Colorado in 1980.
Related Material:
Correspondence between Arnold Rönnebeck and Alfred Stieglitz and Marsden Hartley is located at the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library at Yale University.
Provenance:
The papers were donated in 2001 by Ursula Moore Works and Arnold Rönnebeck, the artists' daughter and son.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Arnold Rönnebeck and Louise Emerson Ronnebeck papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Sculptors  Search this
Muralists  Search this
Artists -- New Mexico -- Taos  Search this
Portrait sculpture  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sketches
Drawings
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Citation:
Arnold Rönnebeck and Louise Emerson Ronnebeck papers, 1884-2002. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.ronnarno
See more items in:
Arnold Rönnebeck and Louise Emerson Ronnebeck papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-ronnarno
Online Media:

Tony Ortega papers

Creator:
Ortega, Tony  Search this
Names:
Artnauts (Art collective)  Search this
Rivera, George F.  Search this
Extent:
0.9 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Sketches
Date:
1984-2010
Summary:
The papers of muralist, illustrator, and Chicano activist Tony Ortega measure 0.9 linear feet and date from 1984 to 2010. The papers are comprised of project and exhibition files for murals, public art projects, and children's book illustration exhibitions. Also found are printed materials consisting of articles about Ortega, exhibition announcements and catalogs, and a calendar and note cards featuring artwork by Ortega.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of muralist, illustrator, and Chicano activist Tony Ortega measure 0.9 linear feet and date from 1984 to 2010. The papers are comprised of project and exhibition files for murals, public art projects, and children's book illustration exhibitions. Also found are printed materials consisting of articles about Ortega, exhibition announcements and catalogs, and a calendar and note cards featuring artwork by Ortega.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as two series.

Series 1: Project and Exhibition Files, 1989-2006 (Box 1, OVs 3, 5; 0.5 linear feet)

Series 2: Printed Materials, 1984-2010 (Boxes 1-2, OV 4; 0.4 linear feet)
Biographical / Historical:
Tony Ortega (1958- ) is a muralist, illustrator, and Chicano activist in Denver, Colorado.

Ortega received a bachelor's degree in Spanish and Latin American studies from the University of Colorado in Boulder where he also received a master's in fine arts. Ortega has been a professor in the fine and performing arts department at Regis University in Denver since 2004.

Community activism has been an ongoing theme in Ortega's career. He is a member of Artnauts, an artist collective founded by George Rivera that connects artists globally. He also uses art as a way to connect communities through numerous commissions and volunteer projects that engage children and adults in the creation of public artworks and murals.

Ortega is also the illustrator of Day of the Dead: Aztec Adventure of Cholo, Vato and Pano and Who am I? Family Adventures of Cholo, Vato, and Pano, children's books written by George Rivera about Mexican and Chicano cultures.
Provenance:
The papers were donated by Tony Ortega in 2015.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Use of archival born-digital records with no duplicate copies requires advance notice.
Topic:
Illustrators -- Colorado -- Denver  Search this
Muralists -- Colorado -- Denver  Search this
Political activists  Search this
Chicano movement  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Sketches
Citation:
Tony Ortega papers, 1984-2010. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.ortetony
See more items in:
Tony Ortega papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-ortetony

Emanuel Martinez papers

Creator:
Martinez, Emanuel, 1947-  Search this
Extent:
0.7 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Date:
1964-2015
Summary:
The papers of painter, muralist, and educator Emanuel Martinez measure 0.7 linear feet and date from 1964 to 2015. The collection is comprised of correspondence with Rodolfo "Corky" Gonzalez of the activist group Crusade for Justice; writings that include journal entries, essays about Mexican American youth, education, the artist Rini Templeton, community murals, and a presentation transcript about the sculpture Farm Workers' Altar; printed materials that include a bumper sticker and flyer designed by Martinez, photocopies of a poem and sketch by Martinez, and a book of writings on Mexican and Spanish Americans signed by George Garcia; photographs of Martinez as a child, in portraits, painting, and at events; and a scrapbook documenting the history of murals and Chicano art in Colorado through clippings and one letter of congratulations from former Representative Patricia Schroeder.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of painter, muralist, and educator Emanuel Martinez measure 0.7 linear feet and date from 1964 to 2015. The collection is comprised of correspondence with Rodolfo "Corky" Gonzalez of the activist group Crusade for Justice; writings that include journal entries, essays about Mexican American youth, education, the artist Rini Templeton, community murals, and a presentation transcript about the sculpture Farm Workers' Altar; printed materials that include a bumper sticker and flyer designed by Martinez, photocopies of a poem and sketch by Martinez, and a book of writings on Mexican and Spanish Americans signed by George Garcia; photographs of Martinez as a child, in portraits, painting, and at events; and a scrapbook documenting the history of murals and Chicano art in Colorado through clippings and one letter of congratulations from former Representative Patricia Schroeder.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as one series.

Series 1: Emanuel Martinez papers, 1964-2015 (Boxes 1-2; 0.7 linear feet)
Biographical / Historical:
Emanuel Martinez (1947- ) is a painter, muralist, and educator in Denver, Colorado.

Martinez was born in Denver where he spent a troubled youth until the age of 13. He was introduced to art through his lifelong friend and mentor Bill Longley who recognized Martinez's talent and arranged for an art apprenticeship. Martinez also studied with David A. Siqueiros and Francisco Zuniga, and at Metropolitan State College of Denver. In 1968 he established his studio.

As an artist, Martinez is deeply affected by social and political issues. He has been a member of the Chicano activist group Crusade for Justice and was active in the civil rights movement. In 1968, Martinez completed Farm Workers' Altar, a painted wooden sculpture, for the Catholic mass that was held on the day César Chávez completed a 25-day fast in his continuous struggle for social justice. Martinez also completed Tierra O Muerte for activist Reyes Lopez Tijerina. Other works by Martinez include a mural at Alma Center in Lincoln Park and a commissioned portrait of former U.S. Secretary of Transportation Federico Peña.

Martinez worked as an educator at the Student League of Denver for 12 years. He is also involved with the Emanuel Project, an organization named after Martinez that focuses on improving the lives of at-risk youth. With the organization, Martinez has completed approximately 50 murals with students all over the U.S.

Martinez has won numerous awards including the Latin American Educational Foundation scholarship and Mayor's Award for Excellence in the Arts. He has works in the permanent collections of the Smithsonian American Art Museum and the Museo de las Americas in Denver among others. His work was shown in the seminal exhibition Chicano Art Resistance and Affirmation, as well as many other national and international exhibitions.
Provenance:
The papers were donated by Emanuel Martinez in 2017.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Occupation:
Painters -- Colorado -- Denver  Search this
Topic:
Muralists -- Colorado -- Denver  Search this
Mural painting and decoration -- 20th century -- Colorado  Search this
Chicano movement -- Colorado  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Citation:
Emanuel Martinez papers, 1964-2015. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.marteman
See more items in:
Emanuel Martinez papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-marteman

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