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Emmy Lou Packard Papers, 1900-1990

Creator:
Packard, Emmy Lou, 1914-1998  Search this
Subject:
Covarrubias, Miguel  Search this
Edmunds, John  Search this
Rivera, Diego  Search this
Reynolds, Malvina  Search this
Refregier, Anton  Search this
Lange, Dorothea  Search this
Kahlo, Frida  Search this
O'Higgins, Pablo  Search this
O'Gorman, Juan  Search this
American Civil Liberties Union  Search this
Public Works of Art Project  Search this
Type:
Scrapbooks
Sketches
Photographs
Interviews
Diaries
Topic:
Works of art  Search this
Printmakers -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Mural painting and decoration, American  Search this
Mural painting and decoration, Mexican  Search this
Muralists -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Latino and Latin American artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5519
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211816
AAA_collcode_packemmy
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
Women
American Art and Artists in a Global Context
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211816
Online Media:

Carlos Almaraz and Elsa Flores papers, 1946-1996

Creator:
Almaraz, Carlos, 1941-1989  Search this
Flores, Elsa, 1955-  Search this
Subject:
Four (Art group)  Search this
Type:
Sketchbooks
Drawings
Topic:
Hispanic American artists  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Chicano art movement  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5408
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)214321
AAA_collcode_almacarl
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
Diaries
Sketches & Sketchbooks
Lives of American Artists
American Art and Artists in a Global Context
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_214321

Eduardo Carrillo papers, circa 1953-1999, bulk 1975-1997

Creator:
Carrillo, Eduardo, 1937-1997  Search this
Subject:
Oakes College (University of California, Santa Cruz)  Search this
University of California, Santa Cruz  Search this
Type:
Drawings
Topic:
Mexican American artists  Search this
Latino and Latin American artists  Search this
Chicano art movement  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)17545
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)392805
AAA_collcode_carredua
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_392805
Online Media:

Eduardo Carrillo papers

Creator:
Carrillo, Eduardo, 1937-1997  Search this
Names:
Oakes College (University of California, Santa Cruz) -- Faculty  Search this
University of California, Santa Cruz -- Faculty  Search this
Extent:
3.8 Linear feet
1.75 Gigabytes
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Gigabytes
Drawings
Date:
circa 1953-1999
bulk 1975-1997
Summary:
The papers of Chicano painter, printmaker, and educator Eduardo Carrillo measure 3.8 linear feet and date from circa 1953-1999, with the bulk from 1975-1997. The collection is comprised primarily of artwork and teaching materials, along with some biographical material. Biographical material includes birth and marriage certificates, writings by Carrillo and others, a portrait photograph, documentation of properties and building projects in Mexico, and some miscellaneous correspondence. Also included are obituary and memorial materials including a digital video recording documentary about Carrillo. Professional files include documentation of courses taught by Carrillo on Mexican art history, as well as educational exhibitions and films he produced, and studio documentation. Subject files on various topics in Mesoamerican Art support Carrillo's teaching of Mexican Art History. Printed materials include invitations catalogs and posters for exhibitions of Carrillo's work as well as his extended community of artist friends. The Artwork series includes early career and student artwork by Carrillo, along with original posters and a printing plate by Carlos Cortez, and artwork by friends and students.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of Chicano painter, printmaker, and educator Eduardo Carrillo measure 3.8 linear feet and date from circa 1953-1999, with the bulk from 1975-1997. The collection is comprised primarily of artwork and teaching materials, along with some biographical material. Biographical material includes birth and marriage certificates, writings by Carrillo and others, a portrait photograph, documentation of properties and building projects in Mexico, and some miscellaneous correspondence. Also included are obituary and memorial materials including a digital video recording documentary about Carrillo. Professional files include documentation of courses taught by Carrillo on Mexican art history, as well as educational exhibitions and films he produced, and studio documentation. Subject files on various topics in Mesoamerican Art support Carrillo's teaching of Mexican Art History. Printed materials include invitations catalogs and posters for exhibitions of Carrillo's work as well as his extended community of artist friends. The Artwork series includes early career and student artwork by Carrillo, along with original posters and a printing plate by Carlos Cortez, and artwork by friends and students.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged in 5 series:

Series 1: Biographical Material, circa 1953-1999 (0.3 Linear Feet; Box 1, Oversize 3, ER01)

Series 2: Project Files, circa 1972-1993 (0.6 Linear Feet; Box 1)

Series 3: Subject Files, circa 1980s-1990s (0.6 Linear Feet; Boxes 1-2)

Series 4: Printed Material, circa 1960-1990s (0.8 Linear Feet; Box 2, Oversize 4-6)

Series 5: Artwork, circa 1950s-1990s (1.7 Linear Feet; Box 2, Oversize 7-21)
Biographical / Historical:
Eduardo Carrillo (1937-1997) was a painter, muralist, printmaker, and professor in Santa Cruz, California. Carrillo was a key member of the Chicano art movement in the 1960s and 1970s. He was a founding faculty member of Oakes College at the University of California, Santa Cruz, where he was an instructor at for over twenty-five years. Carrillo received his BA in fine arts from UCLA and later spent a year studying abroad at the Prado Museum in Madrid with his first wife Sheila. Together they moved to Carrillo's ancestral home of La Paz in Baja California Sur, Mexico in 1966, where he founded and directed the El Centro de Arte Regional. The school focused on reviving traditional crafts of the region. In 1969 he returned to California where he continued to exhibit artwork and work as an educator. He taught various disciplines including native traditional pottery, painting, and Mexican Art History, all of which resonated with his own artistic practice.

Carrillo is known primarily as a painter working in oils and watercolors, with images referencing history, religion, and mythology. Increasingly in the 1970s, political subjects entered Carrillo's paintings and mural projects. One of Carrillo's most well-known works is "El Grito," a large scale ceramic tile mural completed in 1979 for the city of Los Angeles. Carrillo died in 1997 following a brief battle with cancer. The Museo Eduardo Carrillo was founded by Carrillo's wife Alison to promote Carrillo's art as well as perform various outreach initiatives including a scholarship program. In 2010 a gallery was dedicated at the Crocker Museum of Art in Sacramento to the paintings of Eduardo Carrillo and his peers.
Provenance:
Donated 2018 by Eduardo Carrillo estate via Alison Carrillo, executor and widow of Eduardo Carrillo.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Educators -- California  Search this
Painters -- California  Search this
Printmakers -- California  Search this
Muralists -- California  Search this
Topic:
Mexican American artists  Search this
Latino and Latin American artists  Search this
Chicano art movement  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Citation:
Eduardo Carrillo Papers, circa 1953-1999. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.carredua
See more items in:
Eduardo Carrillo papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-carredua

Carlos Almaraz and Elsa Flores papers

Creator:
Almaraz, Carlos  Search this
Flores, Elsa  Search this
Names:
Los Four (Art group)  Search this
Extent:
7.9 Linear feet
7.9 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sketchbooks
Drawings
Date:
1946-1996
1946-1996
Summary:
The papers of painters and muralists Carlos Almaraz and Elsa Flores measure 7.9 linear feet and date from 1946 to 1996. The collection documents the careers of both artists through biographical material, correspondence, writings, professional files, personal business records, printed material and artwork.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of painters and muralists Carlos Almaraz and Elsa Flores measure 7.9 linear feet and date from 1946 to 1996. The collection documents the careers of both artists through biographical material, correspondence, writings, professional files, personal business records, printed material and artwork.

Biographical material includes documents regarding Almaraz's death, identification documents, and a few photographs and slides. Correspondence is with family, friends, galleries, museums, and arts organizations. Writings include nine journals belonging to Almaraz and Flores containing travel notes, daily activities and personal thoughts, as well as writings on other topics and writings by others. Professional files document the Los Four group, projects, events, exhibitions, and memberships with arts organizations. Personal business records include legal and financial material along with records relating to Almaraz and Flores's house in Kauai, Almaraz's scholarship fund, and for Almaraz Studio. Printed materials include publications featuring artwork and articles by or about Almaraz and Flores. Original artwork includes sketchbooks, drawings, cutouts, and a watercolor.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as seven series.

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1946-1994 (Boxes 1, 8-9; 0.5 linear feet)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1974-1996 (Boxes 1-4, OV 10; 3.0 linear feet)

Series 3: Writings, 1972-1994 (Boxes 4, 8-9, OV 10; 0.8 linear feet)

Series 4: Professional Files, 1973-1994 (Boxes 4-5, 9, OV 11; 0.8 linear feet)

Series 5: Personal Business Records, 1974-1995 (Box 5; 0.4 linear feet)

Series 6: Printed Material, 1972-1995 (Boxes 6-7. 9, OV 10; 1.0 linear feet)

Series 7: Artwork, circa 1975-1996 (Boxes 7-9; 1.4 linear feet)
Biographical / Historical:
Carlos Almaraz (1941-1989) was a painter and muralist in Los Angeles, California. His wife Elsa Flores (1955- ) is also a painter and muralist. Almaraz and Flores collaborated on the mural California Dreamscape as part of the Chicano street arts movement.

Almaraz was born in Mexico City, moving to Chicago in 1942, and settling in Los Angeles in 1949. He studied at California State College, the Otis Art Institute, and the University of California in Los Angeles. He moved to New York City in 1965, where he studied at the Art Students League and New School of Social Research. In 1970, Almaraz returned to Los Angeles. He became active with mural painting within the Mexican American community in Los Angeles. Along with Gilbert Lujan, Beto de la Rocha, and Frank Romero, Almaraz founded the artist collective Los Four.

Elsa Flores was born in Las Vegas, Nevada. Her mother was born in Sinaloa, Mexico, and her father was of Arab descent, born in Chile after his paretns fled the Middle East. Elsa studied at the Art Center College, California State University, and the Idyllwild School of Music and the Arts. Almaraz and Flores married in 1981 and their daughter Maya was born in 1983. They collaborated on California Dreamscape, a mural commissioned by the California Arts Council and is located in the Reagan State Building in Los Angeles. In the late 1980s, Almaraz was diagnosed with AIDS and died in 1989.
Related Materials:
Also found at the Archives of American Art is an oral history with Carlos Almaraz conducted by Margarita Nieto from February 6, 1986 to January 29, 1987 and an oral history with Elsa Flores conducted by Jeffrey Rangel from February 18, 1997 to April 30, 1997.
Separated Materials:
The Archives of American Art also holds microfilm of sketchbooks and notebooks (volumes 1-78) lent for microfilming (reels 4578-4587). Loaned materials were returned to the donor and are not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
Sketchbook and journal volumes 1-78 were lent for microfilming by Elsa Flores in 1991. Sketchbook and journal volumes 79-84 were donated, some by Carlos Almaraz in 1986 and the remainder in 1991 by Flores and microfilmed onto reel 4587, fr. 93-456. In 1997, additional papers were donated by Flores.
Restrictions:
The collection is access restricted, except for Box 8; written permission is required. Contact Reference Services for more information. Box 8, containing six journals and sketchbooks (volumes 79-84) and slides are not restricted.

Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.
Rights:
Six journals and sketchbooks (volumes 79-84): Authorization to publish, quote, or reproduce requires written permission from Elsa Flores. Microfilm Reels 4578-4587: Authorization to publish, quote, or reproduce requires written permission from Elsa Flores. Contact Reference Services for more information
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Painters -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Muralists -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Topic:
Hispanic American artists  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Chicano art movement  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sketchbooks
Drawings
Citation:
Carlos Almaraz and Elsa Flores papers, 1946-1996. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.almacarl
See more items in:
Carlos Almaraz and Elsa Flores papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-almacarl

Rico Lebrun papers

Creator:
Lebrun, Rico, 1900-1964  Search this
Names:
Jacques Seligmann & Co  Search this
Extent:
5.3 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sketchbooks
Photographs
Date:
1935-1975
Summary:
The papers of painter, muralist, and educator Rico Lebrun measure 5.3 linear feet and date from 1935 to 1975. Found within the papers are biographical materials; personal and business correspondence, including extensive correspondence between Lebrun and his gallery, Jacques Seligmann and Co.; writings, including illustrated notebooks; personal business records; printed material; 3 sketchbooks; and photographs of Lebrun, travels in Mexico, and his work.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of painter, muralist, and educator Rico Lebrun measure 5.3 linear feet and date from 1935 to 1975. Found within the papers are biographical materials; personal and business correspondence, including extensive correspondence between Lebrun and his gallery, Jacques Seligmann and Co.; writings, including illustrated notebooks; personal business records; printed material; 3 sketchbooks; and photographs of Lebrun, travels in Mexico, and his work.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 7 series.

Series 1: Biographical Materials, 1948-1962 (4 folders; Box 1, OV 10)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1935-1973 (1.7 linear feet; Boxes 1-2, OV 10)

Series 3: Writings, 1938-1964 (0.7 linear feet; Boxes 2-3)

Series 4: Personal Business Records, 1940-1964 (0.3 linear feet; Box 3, BV 7)

Series 5: Printed Material, circa 1940-1975 (0.8 linear feet; Box 3, BV 8-9)

Series 6: Artwork, circa 1950-1965 (3 folders; Box 3)

Series 7: Photographic Materials, 1950-1965 (1.6 linear feet; Boxes 4-6)
Biographical / Historical:
Painter, muralist, and educator Rico (Frederico) Lebrun (1900-1964) lived and worked in New York City and Los Angeles, California, and his modernist works were primarily influenced by traditional religious iconography and human suffering.

Born in Naples, Italy, Lebrun attended the Naples Academy of Beaux Arts after his military service in the Italian Army during WWI. He began his career as a stained glass designer and was offered a one year contract to work in Springfield, Illinois, for the Pittsburgh Plate Glass Company in 1924. At the end of the contract, Lebrun moved to New York City where he found work as a commercial illustrator for magazines such as Vogue, Fortune, and The New Yorker. After a return to Italy in the early 1930s to continue his art studies, Lebrun moved to New York City in 1936 where he taught at the Art Students League, painted his first mural commission for the Fogg Art Museum with Lewis Rubenstein, and found work as an artist for the WPA.

In 1938, Lebrun moved to Southern California and accepted a position at the Chouinard Art Institute, where his students would include Disney studio animators for Bambi. Lebrun continued to produce paintings while teaching, and his first solo exhibition was organized by Donald Bear, then director of the Santa Barbara Museum of Art. Beginning in 1947, Lebrun spent three years working on over 200 drawings and paintings for the Crucifixion series, which culminated in an exhibition at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art.

In the late 1940s and 1950s, he continued to teach at the Jepson Institute in Los Angeles and at other institutions, including the Instituto Allende in San Miguel, Mexico from 1952 to 1954. In 1958, while teaching at Yale, Lebrun was invited by professor and art critic Peter Selz to create a mural for Pomona College. He completed his plans for the mural during his year-long teaching residency at the American Academy of Rome in 1959, and completed Genesis in 1960. Lebrun died from cancer in 1964.
Related Materials:
Also found in the Archives of American Art is an oral history interview with Constance Lebrun Crown and David Lebrun conducted by Paul Karlstrom, November 23, 1974. Syracuse University also holds papers of Rico Lebrun.
Provenance:
The papers were donated in 1974 by Lebrun's wife, Constance Lebrun Crown. Additional materials were donated by Crown in 1976.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Educators -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Muralists -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Painters -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Topic:
Painting, American  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sketchbooks
Photographs
Citation:
Rico Lebrun papers, 1935-1975. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.lebrrico
See more items in:
Rico Lebrun papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-lebrrico
Online Media:

41c Mendez v. Westminster single

Title:
Scott Catalogue USA 4201
Medium:
paper; ink(multicolored)
Type:
Postage Stamps
Place:
United States of America
Date:
September 14, 2007
Topic:
Hispanic Heritage  Search this
Education & Teaching  Search this
U.S. Stamps  Search this
Credit line:
Copyright United States Postal Service. All rights reserved.
Object number:
2007.2025.1
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/hm861c6eb41-6def-4492-9547-3b8537b25232
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npm_2007.2025.1

Jean Charlot (with Zohmah Charlot)

Artist:
Edward Henry Weston, 24 Mar 1886 - 1 Jun 1958  Search this
Sitter:
Jean Charlot, 8 Feb 1898 - 20 Mar 1979  Search this
Zohmah Charlot, 13 Dec 1909 - 2 Sep 2000  Search this
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
Image: 11.8 × 9.3 cm (4 5/8 × 3 11/16")
Sheet: 12.9 × 10.5 cm (5 1/16 × 4 1/8")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1933
Topic:
Interior  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses  Search this
Jean Charlot: Visual Arts\Artist  Search this
Jean Charlot: Male  Search this
Jean Charlot: Visual Arts\Artist\Painter\Muralist  Search this
Zohmah Charlot: Female  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.2016.67
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© Center for Creative Photography, Arizona Board of Regents
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4eaf3c8df-f1da-45a1-9196-3b8c86d97d65
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.2016.67

José Clemente Orozco

Artist:
Aline Fruhauf, 1907 - 1978  Search this
Sitter:
José Clemente Orozco, 23 Nov 1883 - 7 Sep 1949  Search this
Medium:
India ink on paper
Dimensions:
Image: 11.6 × 11.7cm (4 9/16 × 4 5/8")
Sheet: 25.6 × 19.3cm (10 1/16 × 7 5/8")
Type:
Drawing
Date:
1933
Topic:
Costume\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses  Search this
Caricature  Search this
José Clemente Orozco: Visual Arts\Artist  Search this
José Clemente Orozco: Male  Search this
José Clemente Orozco: Visual Arts\Artist\Painter\Muralist  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Erwin Vollmer
Object number:
NPG.83.267
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© Estate of Aline Fruhauf
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4b0de30d5-e8c4-4530-8cd1-11d1f2200a3c
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.83.267

Friends of the Wind

Original artist:
Brooks, Mildred Bryant  Search this
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
ink (overall material)
Measurements:
image: 18.6 cm x 20.2 cm; 7 5/16 in x 7 15/16 in
sheet: 23 cm x 27 cm; 9 1/16 in x 10 5/8 in
Object Name:
Print
Object Type:
Drypoint
Other Terms:
Print; Drypoint
Place made:
United States: California
Date made:
1934
Subject:
Trees  Search this
ID Number:
GA.17119
Accession number:
138775
Catalog number:
17119
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Graphic Arts
Communications
Art
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a5-c6d1-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_780870

Mexican Boy

Title (Spanish):
Niño Mexican
Graphic artist:
Kistler, Lynton R.  Search this
Original artist:
Contreras, Ramon  Search this
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
ink (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 40.8 cm x 29 cm; 16 1/16 in x 11 7/16 in
Object Name:
print
Object Type:
Lithograph
Other Terms:
print; Lithograph
Place made:
United States: California, Los Angeles
Date made:
ca 1950
Subject:
Latino  Search this
Immigration  Search this
Credit Line:
Kistler Collection
ID Number:
1978.0650.1130
Accession number:
1978.0650
Catalog number:
1978.0650.1130
78.0650.1130
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Graphic Arts
Cultures & Communities
Mexican America
Art
Agriculture
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a5-dfcc-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_800258

Oral history interview with Christine Jeannette Abel

Interviewee:
Abel, Christine Jeannette, 1890-1970  Search this
Interviewer:
McGlynn, Betty Hoag  Search this
Creator:
New Deal and the Arts Oral History Project  Search this
Names:
Federal Art Project (Calif.)  Search this
New Deal and the Arts Oral History Project  Search this
Chamberlin, F. Tolles (Frank Tolles), 1873-1961  Search this
Hansen, Armin C. (Armin-Carl), 1886-1957  Search this
Martin, Fletcher, 1904-1979  Search this
Siqueiros, David Alfaro  Search this
Thorps, Helen Katherine  Search this
Extent:
8 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1965 June 5
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Christine Jeannette Abel conducted 1965 June 5, by Betty Hoag McGlynn, for the Archives of American Art. Abel discusses her educational background and studies with Frank Tolles Chamberlin, Armin Carl Hansen and David Alfaro Siqueiros; her teaching experience and impressions of Fletcher Martin as a student; and her experience assisting Helen Katherine Thorps on a Federal Art Project mural for the Marobia, California post office.
Biographical / Historical:
Christine Jeannette Abel (1890-1970) was a painter, mural painter, sculptor, and educator from California.
General:
Originally recorded on 1 sound tape reel. Reformatted in 2010 as 2 digital wav files. Duration is 23 min.
Provenance:
Conducted as part of the Archives of American Art's New Deal and the Arts project, which includes over 400 interviews of artists, administrators, historians, and others involved with the federal government's art programs and the activities of the Farm Security Administration in the 1930s and early 1940s.
Restrictions:
For information on how to access this interview contact Reference Services.
Topic:
Federal aid to the arts  Search this
Mural painting and decoration -- California  Search this
Muralists -- California -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.abelc65
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-abelc65

Emmy Lou Packard Papers

Creator:
Packard, Emmy Lou, 1914-1998  Search this
Names:
American Civil Liberties Union  Search this
Public Works of Art Project  Search this
Covarrubias, Miguel, 1904-1957  Search this
Edmunds, John, 1913-  Search this
Kahlo, Frida  Search this
Lange, Dorothea  Search this
O'Gorman, Juan, 1905-  Search this
O'Higgins, Pablo, 1904-  Search this
Refregier, Anton, 1905-  Search this
Reynolds, Malvina  Search this
Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957  Search this
Extent:
9.4 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scrapbooks
Sketches
Photographs
Interviews
Diaries
Date:
1900-1990
Summary:
The Emmy Lou Packard papers measure 9.4 linear feet and date from 1900 to 1990, and focus on the career of painter, printmaker, muralist, and sculptor Emmy Lou Packard. Also found are extensive materials relating to Packard's personal and professional relationship with muralist Diego Rivera and painter Frida Kahlo, with whom Packard lived for one year in Mexico. Papers include correspondence, financial records, notes, writings, exhibition files, photographs, and printed material.
Scope and Contents note:
The Emmy Lou Packard papers measure 9.4 linear feet and date from 1900 to 1990, and focus on the career of painter, printmaker, muralist, and sculptor Emmy Lou Packard. Also found are extensive materials relating to Packard's personal and professional relationship with muralist Diego Rivera and painter Frida Kahlo, with whom Packard lived for one year in Mexico. Papers include correspondence, financial records, notes, writings, exhibition files, photographs, and printed material.

Biographical materials include resumes, personal forms, and certificates. Correspondence is with family, friends, and colleagues, including muralist Anton Refregier, songwriter Malvina Reynolds, and composer John Edmunds. There is one letter from Dorothea Lange. Also found is correspondence with various political and arts organizations, such as the American Civil Liberties Union and the Russian magazine Soviet Woman. Much of the correspondence discusses personal relationships and political and art-related activities. Additional correspondence with and concerning Diego Rivera and Frida Kahlo is arranged in Series 6.

Personal business records found within the papers include studio real estate and rent records, insurance records, price lists for artwork, consignment records, and miscellaneous receipts. There is one interview transcript of an interview with Packard for the Radical Elders Oral History Project. The papers include a series of notebooks/diaries, address lists, and other notes.

Packard's reference files and personal papers documenting her professional and close personal relationship with Diego Rivera and Frida Kahlo are arranged into a separate series. They include her research files for a planned book on the two artists, personal letters between Packard and the couple, as well as several interesting photographs. Also found in this series are notes, writings, and printed materials relating to Diego Rivera, Frida Kahlo, and other Mexican artists, such as Covarrubius, Juan O'Gorman, and Pablo O'Higgins.

The collection also includes typescripts and additional writings by Packard and others. Artwork consists of orginal drawings and prints by Packard and others not directly associated with projects. Exhibition and project files for many of Packard's commissioned projects are also found within the collection, including her files for the restoration of Anton Refregier's Rincon Annex Post Office mural in San Francisco and the Coit Tower murals in San Francisco. Many of the project files contain correspondence, reports, contracts, printed material, photographs, and artwork.

The papers also include photographs of Packard, her family, residences, artwork, friends, and colleagues, including Cesar Chavez, Juan O'Gorman, Malvina Reynolds, Charles Safford, Ralph Stackpole, and Tennessee Williams. Two scrapbooks are found, as well as additional printed materials such as clippings and exhibition announcements and catalogs. There are also two artifact items, a vinyl record of Malvina Reynolds and a political campaign button.
Arrangement note:
The collection is arranged into fifteen series.

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1942-1985 (Box 1; 1 folder)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1919-1990 (Box 1-3; 2.6 linear feet)

Series 3: Personal Business Records, 1945-1985 (Box 3; 21 folders)

Series 4: Interview Transcript, 1979 (Box 3; 1 folder)

Series 5: Notes, 1900-1985 (Box 3-4, 10; 1.1 linear feet)

Series 6: Reference Files on Diego Rivera and Frida Kahlo, 1929-1986 (Box 5, 10, OV 11; 0.9 linear feet)

Series 7: Writings by Packard, 1953-1984 (Box 6; 17 folders)

Series 8: Writings by Others, 1955-1984 (Box 6; 19 folders)

Series 9: Artwork, 1921-1976 (Box 6; 10 folders)

Series 10: Exhibition Files, 1950-1964 (Box 6, OV 11; 5 folders)

Series 11: Project Files, 1953-1985 (Box 6-7, 10, OV 11; 1.8 linear feet)

Series 12: Photographs, 1914-1982 (Box 8, 10; 0.8 linear feet)

Series 13: Scrapbooks, 1947-1950 (Box 8, 10; 0.2 linear feet)

Series 14: Printed Material, 1936-1988 (Box 8-9, 10; 1 linear foot)

Series 15: Artifacts, 1984 (Box 9-10, OV 11; 2 folders)
Biographical/Historical note:
Emmy Lou Packard was born in Imperial Valley, California on April 15, 1914, to Walter and Emma Leonard Packard. In the late 1920s she lived with her family in Mexico City where she became acquainted with Diego Rivera, from whom she received regular art criticism and encouragement. She graduated from the University of California, Berkeley and completed courses in fresco and sculpture at the California School of Fine Arts in 1940. That year and the next, Packard worked as a full-time painting assistant to Rivera on his 1,650 square-foot fresco at the World's Fair in San Francisco. During this project, Packard became very close to Rivera and Frida Kahlo and returned to Mexico with them and spent a year living with the couple.

From then on, except for in 1944-1945 working for a defense plant, Packard worked and grew in various aspects of her art. In addition to her work in fresco, Packard is known for her work in watercolor, oil, mosaic, laminated plastic, concrete, and printmaking, both in linocuts and woodblocks. She received numerous commissions that included installations for ships, hotels, and private homes for which she executed large woodcuts and mural panels. During the 1950s and 1960s, Packard was hired to restore several historic murals, most notably the Rincon Annex Post Office mural by Anton Refregier and the Coit Tower murals in San Francisco.

Between 1966 and 1967 she was commissioned by architects to design and execute a number of concrete and mosaic pieces, one of which went to the Mirabeau Restaurant in Kaiser Center, Oakland. She also designed and executed a mural for the Fresno Convention Center Theater during that same period. In 1973-1974, she designed and supervised a glazed brick mural for a public library in Pinole, California.

Packard had one-woman shows at the San Francisco Museum of Art, Raymond and Raymond Gallery (San Francisco), Addison Gallery of American Art (Andover, Mass.), Connecticut Academy of Fine Arts, Pushkin Museum (Moscow), and March Gallery (Chicago). Emmy Lou Packard died in 1998.
Related Archival Materials note:
Also found in the Archives of American Art is an oral history interview with Emmy Lou Packard conducted by Mary Fuller McChesney in 1964.
Provenance:
Emmy Lou Packard donated her papers to the Archives of American Art from 1984-1988.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Painters -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Sculptors -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Topic:
Works of art  Search this
Printmakers -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Mural painting and decoration, American  Search this
Mural painting and decoration, Mexican  Search this
Muralists -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Latino and Latin American artists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Sketches
Photographs
Interviews
Diaries
Citation:
Emmy Lou Packard papers, 1900-1990. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.packemmy
See more items in:
Emmy Lou Packard Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-packemmy
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Frank Romero

Interviewee:
Romero, Frank  Search this
Interviewer:
Rangel, Jeffrey J.  Search this
Names:
Los Four (Art group)  Search this
Otis Art Institute -- Students  Search this
Almaraz, Carlos  Search this
Mugnaini, Joseph A.  Search this
Rocha, Roberto de la  Search this
Sanchez Luján, Gilbert  Search this
Sheets, Millard, 1907-1989  Search this
Voulkos, Peter, 1924-2002  Search this
Extent:
99 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1997 January 17-March 2
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Frank Romero conducted 1997 January 17-March 2, by Jeffrey Rangel, for the Archives of American Art, in Romero's studio, in Los Angeles, Calif.
Romero discusses his growing up in East Los Angeles and his large extended family; his earliest art studies in the public schools; attending the Otis Art Institute where he studied with Joe Mugnaini and had contact with Millard Sheets and Peter Voulkos; the "very polyglut culture" of East Los Angeles; the influences of television, western movies, rock-and-roll, and rhythm and blues on his early musical/artistic taste; time spent in New York; returning to Los Angeles in 1969; and his marriage and family.
He describes his move into Carlos Almaraz's house which became the informal meeting place of the artist group Los Four (Almaraz, Romero, Gilbert Sanchez Lujan, and Roberto "Beto" de la Rocha); the Los Four show at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art in 1974; and the stylistic aesthetics of Los Four.
Romero describes the "boys club" nature of Chicano art centers; his contributions to the Chicano art movement; his relationship to the Chicano/Mexican culture and mainstream U.S. culture; murals done by members of Los Four for the Inner City Mural Program; his work for the Metropolitan Transit Authority; the Murals of Aztlan exhibit in 1981 at the Craft and Folk Art Museum; and his shows at the ARCO Center for the Visual Arts. He concludes with his assessment of the Chicano arts movement, the relationship between economic and art cycles, and the role of the more established artists to those of a younger generation.
Biographical / Historical:
Frank Romero (1941- ) is a painter from Los Angeles, Calif.
General:
Originally recorded on 5 sound cassettes. Reformatted in 2010 as 9 digital wav files. Duration is 4 hr., 27 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators. Funding for the interview provided by the Smithsonian Institution Latino Pool Fund.
Restrictions:
Transcript available on the Archives of American Art website.
Occupation:
Muralists -- California -- Los Angeles -- Interviews  Search this
Topic:
Painters -- California -- Los Angeles -- Interviews  Search this
Mexican American artists  Search this
Hispanic American artists  Search this
Mexican American art  Search this
Street art  Search this
Mural painting and decoration -- 20th century -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.romero97
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-romero97

Oral history interview with Jacinto Quirarte

Interviewee:
Quirarte, Jacinto, 1931-2012  Search this
Interviewer:
Karlstrom, Paul J.  Search this
Names:
San Francisco State University -- Students  Search this
Extent:
97 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1996 Aug. 15-16
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Jacinto Quirarte conducted 1996 Aug. 15-16, by Paul Karlstrom, for the Archives of American Art.
Quirarte discusses his professional and personal experience both as a Mexican-American growing up in the Southwest and in California, and as an art historian who was among the first to identify and study the Chicano art movement. He describes his family background, his attraction to figurative art as a student at San Francisco State University, his interest in Mexican muralists, and his fascination with pre-Columbian art which became his speciality. He further discusses his career in Latin America, particularly from the standpoint of multiculturalism and regionalism in his native country; the problem of overlapping political/cultural entities and the connection between pre-Columbian and Chicano situation; the notions of group identity, and shift from universalism to individual identity as part of the Chicano art evolution.
Biographical / Historical:
Jacinto Quirarte (1931-2012) is an art historian at the University of Texas, San Antonio. Quirarte is the author of several books on Latin American art, among them "Mexican American Artists" (1973), "Izapan-Style Art" (1973), and "Latin American Spirit: Art and Artists in the United States, 1920-1970" (1988).
General:
Originally recorded on 5 sound cassettes. Reformatted in 2010 as 10 digital wav files. Duration is 5 hr., 7 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators. Funding for the interview provided by the Smithsonian Latino Fund.
Restrictions:
Transcript available on the Archives of American Art website.
Occupation:
Art historians -- Texas -- San Antonio -- Interviews  Search this
Topic:
Indian art -- Central America  Search this
Hispanic American art  Search this
Mexican American art  Search this
Mexican American artists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.quirar96
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-quirar96

Oral history interview with Willie Herrón

Interviewee:
Herrón, Willie, 1951-  Search this
Interviewer:
Rangel, Jeffrey J.  Search this
Names:
Asco (Group of artists)  Search this
Gronk, 1954-  Search this
Extent:
7 Sound cassettes (Sound recording (6 hrs.), analog)
109 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sound cassettes
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
2000 Feb. 5-Mar. 17
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Willie Herrón conducted 2000 Feb. 5-Mar. 17, by Jeffrey J. Rangel, for the Archives of American Art.
The interviews took place in a restaurant, City Terrace, East Los Angeles, Calif. Herrón describes his childhood growing up in East Los Angeles, culminating with an extensive discussion of the circumstances surrounding the painting of his most acclaimed mural, "The Wall that Cracked Open" in City Terrace; founding the avant-garde Chicano art group Asco along with Harry Gamboa, Jr., Patssi Valdez, and Gronk; his experience as leader of the band Los Illegals and as a cofounder of the alternative music space Club Vex with Self Help Graphics' Sister Karen Boccalero; the Chicano mural movement, particularly his undertakings in City Terrace, Boyle Heights, and at the Estrada Courts and Ramona Gardens housing projects in East Los Angeles; his commitment to working with at-risk youth and his strong desire to expand the stylistic and iconographic parameters of the medium through the incorporation of graffiti; and an assessment of Asco's role in expanding the continuum of Chicano art and identity.
Biographical / Historical:
Willie Herrón (1951-) is a painter, graphic artist, muralist, and musician from Los Angeles, Calif. Herrón is known as one of the premiere artists and musicians to emerge out of the Chicano arts movement during the 1970s.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators. Funding for this interview and transcription provided by the SI Latino Fund of 1997.
Restrictions:
Transcript available on the Archives of American Art website.
Occupation:
Muralists -- California -- Los Angeles -- Interviews  Search this
Topic:
Art and music  Search this
Graffiti art  Search this
Street art  Search this
Mural painting and decoration -- 20th century -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Mexican American artists  Search this
Mexican American musicians -- California -- Los Angeles -- Interviews  Search this
Hispanic American artists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.herron00
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-herron00

Oral history interview with Barbara Carrasco

Interviewee:
Carrasco, Barbara, 1955-  Search this
Interviewer:
Rangel, Jeffrey J.  Search this
Names:
Asco (Group of artists)  Search this
University of California, Los Angeles -- Faculty  Search this
University of California, Los Angeles -- Students  Search this
University of California, San Francisco. School of Fine Arts -- Students  Search this
Almaraz, Carlos  Search this
Chavez, Cesar, 1927-  Search this
Gamboa, Harry  Search this
Garza, Carmen Lomas  Search this
Valadez, John, 1951-  Search this
Extent:
87 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1999 April 13-26
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Barbara Carrasco conducted 1999 April 13 and 26, by Jeffrey Rangel, in two sessions, for the Archives of American Art.
Carrasco speaks of the roles played by her parents in her career as an artist, her experiences as a light-skinned Chicana, and the marginalization of women artists within the Chicano art movement; her relationship and marriage to fellow artist, Harry Gamboa, Jr., who has supported women artists; and her perception of Asco ("nausea" in Spanish), a group of artists and performers who joined together during the Chicano civil rights movement. She also discusses the influence of the art professors at UCLA and the quality of the training she received there; working with Carlos Almaraz and John Valadez on the "Zoot Suit" mural in Hollywood; meeting César Chávez and how he in part shaped her identity as a cultural worker; attending California School of Fine Arts, Valencia, California, and receiving her MFA there; other Chicana artists such as Carmen Lomas Garza; and the changes in her most recent work.
Biographical / Historical:
Barbara Carrasco (1955-) is a painter and muralist from Los Angeles, California. Carrasco was born in El Paso, Texas, and a resident of the Los Angeles area since 1956. She is best known for her work inspired by the United Farm Workers Union, by her experiences as a Chicana, by historical events, and by personal issues.
General:
Originally recorded on 5 sound cassettes. Reformatted in 2010 as 10 digital wav files. Duration is 4 hr., 41 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators. Funding for the interview and transcription provided by the Smithsonian Institution Latino Initiatives Fund.
Restrictions:
Transcript available on the Archives of American Art website.
Topic:
Hispanic American artists  Search this
Mexican American artists  Search this
Hispanic American women artists -- Interviews  Search this
Women artists -- California -- Los Angeles -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.carras99
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-carras99

Murals of Aztlán Film Production Records

Creator:
Tartan, James, 1931-  Search this
Names:
Craft and Folk Art Museum  Search this
Extent:
5.1 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Transcripts
Sound recordings
Motion pictures (visual works)
Date:
1981
Summary:
The Murals of Aztlán Film Production Records measures 5.1 linear feet and consists of film footage, sound recordings, and notes from the documentary produced by James Tartan during the exhibition Murals of Aztlán: the Street Painters of East Los Angeles at the Craft and Folk Art Museum, Los Angeles in 1981. Film and sound elements in the collection include original sound recordings, work print, outtakes, and trims. Also found are production notes, museum memorandums concerning the exhibition schedule, and a transcript of a recorded conversation among muralists.
Scope and Contents:
The Murals of Aztlán Film Production Records measures 5.1 linear feet and consists of film footage, sound recordings, and notes from the documentary produced by James Tartan during the exhibition Murals of Aztlán: the Street Painters of East Los Angeles at the Craft and Folk Art Museum, Los Angeles in 1981. Film and sound elements in the collection include original sound recordings, work print, outtakes, and trims. Also found are production notes, museum memorandums concerning the exhibition schedule, and a transcript of a recorded conversation among muralists.
Arrangement:
Collection arranged as 5 series.

Series 1: Exhibition and Production Notes, 1981 (8 folders; Box 1)

Series 2: Work Print and Soundtrack, 1981 (2.6 linear feet; Box 3, FC 1-30)

Series 3: Sound Recordings, 1981 (0.5 linear feet; Box 1-2)

Series 4: Voiceover Outtakes, 1981 (0.9 linear feet; FC 31-39)

Series 5: Trims and Outtakes, 1981 (0.9 linear feet; FC 40-48)
Biographical / Historical:
Murals of Aztlán is a documentary film produced by actor and filmmaker James Tartan during the exhibition Murals of Aztlán: the Street Painters of East Los Angeles held at the Craft and Folk Art Museum in Los Angeles, California in 1981. For the exhibition, artists Carlos Almaraz, Gronk, Judithe Hernandez, Willie Herron, Frank Romero, John Valadez and the East Los Streetscrapers (David Botello, Wayne Healy, George Yepes) painted portable murals in the gallery, which was open to the public during the installation of the work. The filmmaker and his crew interviewed the artists involved in the exhibition for the film, filmed the artists creating murals in the gallery, and also filmed the public viewing the artists working and the murals themselves.

James Tartan was born in 1931 and worked as a filmmaker, actor, and voiceover artist. In addition to Murals of Aztlán, Tartan created a documentary film about the 1974 Los Angeles County Museum of Art exhibition Los Four, and has been credited with training many Chicano filmmakers in the 1970s.
Separated Materials:
Additional production material from the documentary Murals of Aztlán, including a final print, is found in the James Tartan Film Collection, 1960-1985, held at the UCLA Chicano Research Center.
Provenance:
Donated by James Tartan, the filmmaker, in 1988.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Muralists -- California -- Los Angeles -- Interviews  Search this
Topic:
Hispanic American artists  Search this
Mural painting and decoration -- 20th century -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Street art  Search this
Mexican American art  Search this
Mexican American artists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Transcripts
Sound recordings
Motion pictures (visual works)
Citation:
Murals of Aztlán film production records, 1981. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.tartjame
See more items in:
Murals of Aztlán Film Production Records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-tartjame

Oral history interview with José and Malaquias Montoya

Interviewee:
Montoya, José  Search this
Creator:
Hernandez, Eduardo  Search this
Montoya, Malaquias, 1938-  Search this
Names:
Royal Chicano Air Force  Search this
Montoya, Malaquias, 1938-  Search this
Extent:
7 Sound cassettes (Sound recording, master (ca. 11 hrs.), analog)
7 Cassettes (Sound recording, duplicate)
373 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sound cassettes
Cassettes
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1988 Feb. 28-June 2
Scope and Contents:
Interviews of brothers José and Malaquias Montoya conducted 1988 Feb. 28-June 2, by Eduardo Hernandez, for the Archives of American Art.
The Montoya's recall growing up as Mexican-Americans in a rural town in Colorado; moving to urban areas in California; their early education and development of their political awareness; and their artistic experiences, including their founding of the Royal Chicano Air Force, a group working primarily as muralists.
Biographical / Historical:
José Montoya (1932-2013) was a Mexican-American poet and artist in Sacramento, Calif. Malaquias Montoya (1938- ) is a Mexican-American artist in Oakland, Calif. He and his brother José founded Royal Chicano Air Force, a group working primarily as muralists
Occupation:
Muralists -- California  Search this
Topic:
Mexican American artists  Search this
Mexican American art  Search this
Mural painting and decoration, American  Search this
Mural painting and decoration -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Hispanic American artists  Search this
Painters -- California -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.montoy88
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-montoy88

Oral history interview with David Avalos

Interviewee:
Avalos, David  Search this
Interviewer:
Nieto, Margarita  Search this
Extent:
100 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1988 June 16-July 5
Scope and Contents:
An interview of David Avalos conducted 1988 June 16-July 5, by Margarita Nieto, for the Archives of American Art. Avalos speaks of his childhood, education at the University of California at San Diego; his involvement with the Centro Cultural de la Raza; the socio-political environment that produced the San Diego Chicano Muralist movement (specifically Chicano Park); the formation of the Border art Workshop (BAW/TAF); the collaboration between the Centro and the La Jolla Museum of Contemporary Art (presently the San Diego Museum of Contemporary Art); art activity in San Diego; Chicano activity distinct from Los Angeles; his philosophy on conceptual art; and his art career.
Biographical / Historical:
David Avalos (1947-) is a painter and administrator from San Diego, California.
General:
Originally recorded on 5 sound cassettes. Reformatted in 2010 as 10 digital wav files. Duration is 4 hr., 44 min.
Provenance:
These interviews are part of the Archives' Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and others.
Restrictions:
Transcript available on the Archives of American Art website.
Topic:
Painters -- California -- San Diego -- Interviews  Search this
Hispanic American artists  Search this
Hispanic American art  Search this
Mexican American art  Search this
Mexican American artists  Search this
Mural painting and decoration -- 20th century -- California -- San Diego  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.avalos88
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-avalos88

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