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John White Alexander papers

Creator:
Alexander, John White, 1856-1915  Search this
Names:
MacDowell Club of New York  Search this
Abbey, Edwin Austin, 1852-1911  Search this
Alexander, Elizabeth A., d. 1947  Search this
Carnegie, Andrew, 1835-1919  Search this
Chase, William Merritt, 1849-1916  Search this
Gibson, Charles Dana, 1867-1944  Search this
James, Henry, 1843-1916  Search this
La Farge, John, 1835-1910  Search this
Levy, Florence N. (Florence Nightingale), 1870-1947  Search this
Millet, Francis Davis, 1846-1912  Search this
Remington, Frederic, 1861-1909  Search this
Stevenson, Robert Louis, 1850-1894  Search this
Whistler, James McNeill, 1834-1903  Search this
Extent:
11.9 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Awards
Interviews
Photographs
Sketchbooks
Scrapbooks
Medals
Date:
1775-1968
bulk 1870-1915
Summary:
The papers of the painter, muralist, and illustrator John White Alexander measure 11.9 linear feet and date from 1775 to 1968, with the bulk of materials dating from 1870 to 1915. Papers document Alexander's artistic career and many connections to figures in the art world through biographical documentation, correspondence (some illustrated), writings, 14 sketchbooks, additonal artwork and loose sketches, scrapbooks, photographs, awards and medals, artifacts, and other records. Also found is a souvenir engraving of a Mark Twain self-portrait.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of the painter, muralist, and illustrator John White Alexander measure 11.9 linear feet and date from 1775 to 1968, with the bulk of materials dating from 1870 to 1915. Papers document Alexander's artistic career and many connections to figures in the art world through biographical documentation, correspondence (some illustrated), writings, 14 sketchbooks, additonal artwork and loose sketches, scrapbooks, photographs, awards and medals, artifacts, and other records. Also found is a souvenir engraving of a Mark Twain self-portrait.

Biographical Information includes multiple essays related to Alexander, his family, and others in his circle. Also found is an extensive oral history of Alexander's wife Elizabeth conducted in 1928. Correspondence includes letters written by Alexander to his family from New York and Europe at the start of his career, and later letters from fellow artists, art world leaders, and portrait sitters of Alexander's. Significant correspondents include Charles Dana Gibson, Florence Levy, Frederick Remington, Robert Louis Stevenson, Henry James, John La Farge, Francis Davis Millet, and Andrew Carnegie. Correspondence includes some small sketches as enclosures and illustrated letters.

Certificates and records related to Alexander's career are found in Associations and Memberships, Legal and Financial Records, and Notes and Writings, which contain documentation of Alexander's paintings and exhibitions. Scattered documentation of Alexander's memberships in various arts association exists for the American Academy of Arts and Letters, the American Academy in Rome, the National Academy of Design, the Onteora Club in New York, the Royal Academy of Fine Arts in Munich, Germany, the Ministère de L'Instruction Publique et des Beaux-Arts, the Union Internationale des Beaux Arts et des Lettres, and the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Notes and Writings include speeches written by Alexander, short stories and essays written by his wife, and articles by various authors about Alexander. Extensive documentation of the planning and construction of the Alexander Memorial Studio by the MacDowell Club is found, along with other awards, medals, and memorial resolutions adopted by arts organizations after Alexander's death.

Artwork includes fourteen sketchbooks with sketches related to Alexander's commercial illustration and cartooning, murals, paintings, and travels. Dozens of loose drawings and sketches are also found, along with two volumes and several dozen loose reproductions of artwork, among which are found fine prints by named printmakers. Many sketches are also interspersed throughout the correspondence. Eight Scrapbooks contain mostly clippings, but also scattered letters, exhbition catalogs, announcements, invitations, and photographs related to Alexander's career between 1877 and 1915. Additional Exhibition Catalogs and later clippings, as well as clippings related to the career of his wife and other subjects, are found in Printed Materials.

Photographs include many portraits of Alexander taken by accomplished photographers such as Zaida Ben-Yusuf, Aimé Dupont, Curtis Bell, Elizabeth Buehrmann, and several signed Miss Huggins, who may have been Estelle Huntington Huggins, a New York painter and photographer. Portraits of others include Alexander's friends William Merritt Chase and Edward Austin Abbey. Also found are photographs of groups, juries, family, friends, and studios in New York, Paris, and New Jersey, and a handful of scenic photographs of Polling, Bavaria, where Alexander had an early studio. A large number of photographs of works of art are found, many with annotations. Among the photographs of murals are a small collection of snapshots of the Carnegie Institute murals in progress. Miscellaneous artifacts include a palette, several printing plates, and an inscribed souvenir engraving of a self-portrait caricature of Mark Twain.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into 11 series. Glass plate negatives are housed separately and closed to researchers.

Series 1: Biographical Information, circa 1887-1968 (Box 1, OV 23; 0.1 linear feet)

Series 2: Correspondence, circa 1870-1942 (Box 1; 0.7 linear feet)

Series 3: Associations and Memberships, circa 1897-1918 (Box 1; 2 folders)

Series 4: Legal and Financial Records, 1775, 1896-1923 (Box 1; 5 folders)

Series 5: Notes and Writings, circa 1875-1943 (Boxes 1-2; 0.3 linear feet)

Series 6: Awards and Memorials, circa 1870-1944 (Box 2, OV 24; 0.8 linear feet)

Series 7: Artwork, circa 1875-1915 (Boxes 2-3, 6, 14-16, OV 23; 1.5 linear feet)

Series 8: Scrapbooks, circa 1877-1915 (Boxes 17-22; 1.8 linear feet)

Series 9: Printed Materials, circa 1891-1945 (Boxes 3-4, OV 23; 1.5 linear feet)

Series 10: Photographs, circa 1870-1915 (Boxes 4-8, MGP 1-2, OV 25-43, RD 44-45; 4.2 linear feet)

Series 11: Artifacts, circa 1899-1915 (Box 6, artifact cabinet; 0.4 linear feet)
Biographical / Historical:
John White Alexander was born in 1856 in Allegheny City, Pennsylvania. He was orphaned at age five and taken in by relatives of limited means. When Alexander left school and began working at a telegraph company, the company's vice-president, former civil war Colonel Edward Jay Allen, took an interest in his welfare. Allen became his legal guardian, brought him into the Allen household, and saw that he finished Pittsburgh High School. At eighteen, he moved to New York City and was hired by Harper and Brothers as an office boy in the art department. He was soon promoted to apprentice illustrator under staff artists such as Edwin A. Abbey and Charles Reinhart. During his time at Harpers, Alexander was sent out on assignment to illustrate events such as the Philadelphia Centennial celebration in 1876 and the Pittsburgh Railroad Strike in 1877, which erupted in violence.

Alexander carefully saved money from his illustration work and traveled to Europe in 1877 for further art training. He first enrolled in the Royal Art Academy of Munich, Germany, but soon moved to the village of Polling, where a colony of American artists was at its peak in the late 1870s. Alexander established a painting studio there and stayed for about a year. Despite his absence from the Munich Academy, he won the medal of the drawing class for 1878, the first of many honors. While in Polling, he became acquainted with J. Frank Currier, Frank Duveneck, William Merritt Chase, and other regular visitors to the colony. He later shared a studio and taught a painting class in Florence with Duveneck and traveled to Venice, where he met James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Alexander returned to New York in 1881 and resumed his commercial artwork for Harpers and Century. Harpers sent him down the Mississippi river to complete a series of sketches. He also began to receive commissions for portraits, and in the 1880s painted Charles Dewitt Bridgman, a daughter of one of the Harper brothers, Parke Godwin, Thurlow Weed, Walt Whitman, and Oliver Wendell Holmes. Alexander met his wife Elizabeth, whose maiden name was also Alexander, through her father, James W. Alexander, who was sometimes mistaken for the artist. Elizabeth and John White Alexander married in 1887 and had a son, James, in 1888.

Alexander and his family sailed for France in 1890, where they became a part of the lively literary and artistic scene in Paris at the time. Among their many contacts there were Puvis de Chavannes, Auguste Rodin, and Whistler, who arrived in Paris shortly thereafter. Alexander absorbed the new aesthetic ideas around him such as those of the symbolists and the decorative style of art nouveau. Critics often note how such ideas are reflected in his boldly composed paintings of women from this period, who titles drew attention to the sensual and natural elements of the paintings. His first exhibition in Paris was three paintings at the Société Nationale des Beaux Arts in 1893, and by 1895 he has become a full member of the Société.

Independent and secession artist societies emerged throughout Europe during this period, and Alexander exhibited with several of them, including the Société Nouvelle in Paris, the Munich Secession, and the Vienna Secession. He was also elected an honorary member of the Royal Society of Belgian Artists and the Royal Society of British Painters in London. His exhibited works sold well, and his influence began to be felt back in the United States. Andrew Carnegie and John Beatty of the Carnegie Institute consulted closely with Alexander in the planning and execution of the first Carnegie International Exhibitions. Alexander also became active in supporting younger American artists who wanted to exhibit in Europe, a stance which resulted in his resignation from the Society of American Artists in Paris, which he felt had become a barrier to younger artists. His promotion of American art became an central aspect of his career for the remainder of his life, most visibly through his presidency of the National Academy of Design from 1909 until shortly before his death in 1915. He also served frequently on juries for high-profile exhibitions, and was a trustee at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the New York Public Library, and the national Institute of Arts and Letters. Around 1912, he helped to form the School Art League in New York, which provided art instruction to high school students.

Alexander returned to the United States nearly every summer while based in Paris, and among his commissioned paintings were murals for the newly-constructed Library of Congress, completed around 1896. In 1901, the Alexanders returned to New York permanently. The demand for portraits continued, and he had his first solo exhibition at the Durand-Ruel Galleries in 1902. Around 1905 he received a commission for murals at the new Carnegie Institute building in Pittsburgh for the astounding sum of $175,000. He created 48 panels there through 1908. During this period, the Alexanders spent summers in Onteora, New York, where Alexander painted his well-known "Sunlight" paintings. There they became friends and collaborators with the actress Maude Adams, with Alexander designing lighting and stage sets, and Elizabeth Alexander designing costumes for Adams' productions such as Peter Pan, the Maid of Orleans, and Chanticleer. The couple became known for their "theatricals" or tableaux, staged at the MacDowell Club and elsewhere, and Elizabeth Alexander continued her design career when her husband died in 1915.

Alexander left several commissions unfinished upon his death at age 59, including murals in Wisconsin, Ohio, and Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. Elizabeth Alexander held a memorial exhibition at Arden Galleries a few months after his death, and a larger memorial exhibition was held by the Carnegie Institute in 1916. Alexander won dozens of awards for artwork in his lifetime, including the Lippincott Prize at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts in 1899, the Gold Medal of Honor at the Paris Exposition Universelle in 1900, the Gold Medal at the Panama Pacific Exposition of 1901, and the Medal of the First Class at the Carnegie Institute International Exhibition in 1911. In 1923, the Alexander Memorial Studio was built at the MacDowell colony in New Hampshire to honor his memory.
Provenance:
Papers were donated in 1978 and 1981 by Irina Reed, Alexander's granddaughter and in 2017 by Elizabeth Reed, Alexander's great grandaughter.
Restrictions:
Use of the original papers requires an appointment. Glass plate negatives are housed separately and closed to researchers.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Topic:
Muralists -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Portrait painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Works of art  Search this
Portrait painting -- 20th century  Search this
Portrait painting -- 19th century  Search this
Illustrators -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Portrait painting, American  Search this
Genre/Form:
Awards
Interviews
Photographs
Sketchbooks
Scrapbooks
Medals
Citation:
John White Alexander papers, 1775-1968, bulk 1870-1915. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.alexjohn
See more items in:
John White Alexander papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-alexjohn
Online Media:

Emmanuel Jacobson papers

Creator:
Jacobson, Emmanuel, 1907-  Search this
Names:
Spears, Ethel, 1903-1974  Search this
Extent:
0.2 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1934-1941
Scope and Contents:
Notes (1940-1941); printed material (1937-1938) and photographs (1934-1937) documenting the New Deal art work of mural painter Emmanuel Jacobsen.
A list of historic figures proposed for inclusion in the Herzl Junior College mural illustrating "Significant Men and Women in the History of Science and Civilization"; a 3-page typewritten list (1940) of artists representing the Illinois Art Project in the "American Art Today" exhibition at the New York World's Fair; an 11-page bulletin listing January 1941 exhibitions; seven clippings concerning exhibitions by Illinois artists (1937-1938); a 1938 exhibition catalog "Art for the Public by Chicago Artists" and a copy of the May 1937 issue of FORTUNE magazine containing an article on "Unemployed Arts".
Subjects of photographs include the murals for the Mann School, Oak Park, Illinois; Bloom Township High School, Chicago Heights, Illinois (1936-1937); Herzl Junior College, Chicago, Illinois; Jacobson at work; an unused sketch; a tapestry and Ethel Spears at work on a mural.
Provenance:
Donated 1988 by Emmanuel Jacobson.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Muralists -- Illinois -- Chicago  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.jacoemma
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-jacoemma

Juan Sánchez papers, circa 1972-2010

Creator:
Sánchez, Juan, 1954-  Search this
Type:
Video recordings
Topic:
Latino and Latin American artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)17511
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)390714
AAA_collcode_sancjuan
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_390714
Online Media:

Charles Baskerville papers, 1936-1976

Creator:
Baskerville, Charles, 1896-1994  Search this
Type:
Scrapbooks
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5874
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)208714
AAA_collcode_baskchar
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_208714

Reynolds Beal papers, 1874-1939

Creator:
Beal, Reynolds, 1866-1951  Search this
Subject:
Chase, William Merritt  Search this
Topic:
Painting, American -- Massachusetts  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5880
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)208720
AAA_collcode_bealreyn
Theme:
Diaries
Lives of American Artists
Audio - Visual
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_208720

Judson Smith papers, 1887-1975

Creator:
Smith, Judson Dejonge, 1880-1962  Search this
Subject:
Ernst, Jimmy  Search this
Fiene, Ernest  Search this
Gies, Joseph  Search this
Knight, Frederic C.  Search this
Kuniyoshi, Yasuo  Search this
McFee, Henry Lee  Search this
Montminy, Pierre  Search this
Reinhardt, Ad  Search this
Rosen, Charles  Search this
Tomlin, Bradley Walker  Search this
Wheelock, Warren  Search this
Bouché, Louis  Search this
Carlson, John F.  Search this
Colman, Anne  Search this
Dasburg, Andrew  Search this
Diebenkorn, Richard  Search this
Dudensing, F. Valentine  Search this
Woodstock School of Painting  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)8661
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)210841
AAA_collcode_smitjuds
Theme:
Art Materials, Techniques, and Studio Art Education
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_210841

Sol Wilson papers, 1919-1975

Creator:
Wilson, Sol, 1896-1974  Search this
Subject:
Hopper, Edward  Search this
Bouché, Louis  Search this
Burliuk, David  Search this
Evergood, Philip  Search this
Babcock Galleries  Search this
Topic:
Painting, American  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9380
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211577
AAA_collcode_wilssol
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211577

Frank Romero drawings, undated

Creator:
Romero, Frank, 1941-  Search this
Topic:
Latino and Latin American artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13525
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211807
AAA_collcode_romefran
Theme:
Audio - Visual
Latino and Latin American
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211807

Emmy Lou Packard Papers, 1900-1990

Creator:
Packard, Emmy Lou, 1914-1998  Search this
Subject:
Covarrubias, Miguel  Search this
Edmunds, John  Search this
Rivera, Diego  Search this
Reynolds, Malvina  Search this
Refregier, Anton  Search this
Lange, Dorothea  Search this
Kahlo, Frida  Search this
O'Higgins, Pablo  Search this
O'Gorman, Juan  Search this
American Civil Liberties Union  Search this
Public Works of Art Project  Search this
Type:
Scrapbooks
Sketches
Photographs
Interviews
Diaries
Topic:
Works of art  Search this
Printmakers -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Mural painting and decoration, American  Search this
Mural painting and decoration, Mexican  Search this
Muralists -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Latino and Latin American artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5519
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211816
AAA_collcode_packemmy
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
Women
American Art and Artists in a Global Context
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211816
Online Media:

Tony Ortega papers, 1984-2010

Creator:
Ortega, Tony, 1958-  Search this
Subject:
Rivera, George F.  Search this
Artnauts (Art collective)  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Sketches
Topic:
Illustrators -- Colorado -- Denver  Search this
Muralists -- Colorado -- Denver  Search this
Political activists  Search this
Chicano movement  Search this
Latino and Latin American artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)16300
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)373784
AAA_collcode_ortetony
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_373784
Online Media:

Emanuel Martinez papers, 1964-2015

Creator:
Martinez, Emanuel, 1947-  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Topic:
Muralists -- Colorado -- Denver  Search this
Mural painting and decoration -- 20th century -- Colorado  Search this
Chicano movement  Search this
Latino and Latin American artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)17484
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)388915
AAA_collcode_marteman
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_388915
Online Media:

Eduardo Carrillo papers, circa 1953-1999, bulk 1975-1997

Creator:
Carrillo, Eduardo, 1937-1997  Search this
Subject:
Oakes College (University of California, Santa Cruz)  Search this
University of California, Santa Cruz  Search this
Type:
Drawings
Topic:
Mexican American artists  Search this
Latino and Latin American artists  Search this
Chicano art movement  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)17545
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)392805
AAA_collcode_carredua
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_392805
Online Media:

Carlos Almaraz and Elsa Flores papers, 1946-1996

Creator:
Almaraz, Carlos, 1941-1989  Search this
Flores, Elsa, 1955-  Search this
Subject:
Four (Art group)  Search this
Type:
Sketchbooks
Drawings
Topic:
Hispanic American artists  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Chicano art movement  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5408
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)214321
AAA_collcode_almacarl
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
Diaries
Sketches & Sketchbooks
Lives of American Artists
American Art and Artists in a Global Context
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_214321

(At Home): Artist Talk with Miss Chelove

Creator:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2021-04-05T18:58:58.000Z
YouTube Category:
Entertainment  Search this
Topic:
Art, modern  Search this
See more by:
hirshhornmuseum
Data Source:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden
YouTube Channel:
hirshhornmuseum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_zHkWyjLvQcc

Meet Luis Jimenez

Creator:
Smithsonian American Art Museum  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2009-01-16T14:38:25.000Z
YouTube Category:
People & Blogs  Search this
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
See more by:
americanartmuseum
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
YouTube Channel:
americanartmuseum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_f-7AKv9xqxk

Elliot Tupac: Capturing a Moment in a Mural

Creator:
Smithsonian Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2015-08-26T17:07:01.000Z
YouTube Category:
Travel & Events  Search this
Topic:
Cultural property  Search this
See more by:
smithsonianfolklife
Data Source:
Smithsonian Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage
YouTube Channel:
smithsonianfolklife
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_tRrAuksjAxQ

Papers from John Trumbull's paint box, 1794-[ca. 1830]

Creator:
Trumbull, John, 1756-1843  Search this
Subject:
Trumbull, John  Search this
Topic:
Painting  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5697
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)208533
AAA_collcode_trumjohp
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_208533

Jean Varda papers, [ca. 1950-1971]

Creator:
Varda, Jean, 1893-1971  Search this
Subject:
Ryan, Anne  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5757
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)208596
AAA_collcode_vardjean
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_208596

James Buchanan Winn papers, 1927-1979

Creator:
Winn, James Buchanan, 1905-1979  Search this
Topic:
Painting, American  Search this
Mural painting and decoration  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)6712
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)208837
AAA_collcode_winnjame
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_208837

Clifford Young papers, 1947-1976

Creator:
Young, Clifford, 1905-  Search this
Subject:
Rockwell, Norman  Search this
Topic:
Mural painting and decoration -- New York (State)  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)6901
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209030
AAA_collcode_younclif
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209030

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