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Betty LaDuke collection

Creator:
LaDuke, Betty  Search this
Sponsor:
Heifer International  Search this
Extent:
2 electronic_discs_dvd
4 Boxes (Printed Material (non-photographic))
11 Posters ((Oversize))
24 Prints (visual works)
2488 Negatives (photographic) (color , 35 mm)
3,194 Photographs (color , 20 x 24 inches or smaller)
Culture:
Ethiopians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Electronic_discs_dvd
Posters
Prints (visual works)
Negatives (photographic)
Photographs
Color photographs
Portraits
Textiles
Drawings
Color negatives
Photographic prints
Place:
Africa
Lalibela (Ethiopia)
Eritrea
Nāq̄fā (Eritrea)
Asmara (Ethiopia)
Ethiopia
Mits'iwa (Eritrea)
Date:
circa 1981-2018
Summary:
The collection dates from circa 1981 to 2018 and consists of photographic prints, negatives, posters, art prints, DVDs and printed and manuscript materials. Photographs depict architecture, agricultural work, beadwork, weaving, village scenes, artists, artists at work, artworks, markets, celebrations, scenic views, animals, churches and mosques. Most depict Kunama or Saho peoples, particularly women and children. LaDuke also regularly photographed war zones during the Border War, especially those in Nakfa and Gelebe, portraying Internally Displaced Persons (IDP) camps. Locations include villages in Ethiopia and Eritrea, particularly Senafe, Nakfa and Massawa, as well as Border War zones various battlefields and camps for internally displaced persons.
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of 3,194 color photographs (20 x 24 inches or smaller), 2,488 color 35 mm negatives, a copy of a sketchbook, 11 posters, 24 art prints, biographical materials, correspondence, printed materials, and 3 DVDs, created by Betty LaDuke in circa 1981-2018.

The majority of the photographs were taken in Eritrea, including in Agordat, Asmara, Barentu, Emebet, Geleba, Keren, Massawa, Mendefera, Nakfa, Senafe and Serona, though some were taken in Ethiopia, especially in Lalibela. Images depict architecture, agricultural work, beadwork, weaving, village scenes, artists, artists at work, artworks, markets, celebrations, scenic views, animals, churches and mosques. Most of the photos depict Kunama or Saho peoples, particularly women and children. LaDuke also regularly photographed war zones during the Border War, especially those in Nakfa and Gelebe, portraying Internally Displaced Persons (IDP) camps, Red Cross workers, World Food Program supply tents and the Tacoumbia Food Distribution Center. Other notable subjects include the National Union of Eritrean Women (NUEW), artwork in the Saint George Gallery and children at Dekemhare School.

LaDuke frequently documented art workshops that she attended, artwork and exhibits. Many of her photos depict artwork by Berhane Adonais, Michael Adonais, Mussie Asgodam, Haile Berthe, Danny Dafla, Isak Fasil, Josief Idris, Terhas Iyassu, Elsa Yacob, Abraham Mogos, Kiros Adebe, Tzeghereda Yohannes, Teamrat Ghidei, Afewerki Asmeron, Demoz Russom and Jacob Abraha, as well as the artists themselves at work, socializing or posing by their finished artwork. Additionally, the collection includes four pen and ink drawings by the artists Afewerki Haile, Yoseirf G. Idris and Fessahaie Zemicael, and a number of art prints by LaDuke.

A copy of LaDuke's sketchbook depicts scenes in Asmara and surrounding areas, Tekul, Aidkeh, Keren, Barantu, Tocumbia, Mendefera, Senafe and Massawa. LaDuke sketched village, market and street scenes, celebrations, churchgoers at a Coptic Church, animals, Saho basketmakers, Kunama peoples, St. George's Restaurant and grain mill workers, among other subjects.

Biographical Materials include artist statements and biographical notes, a letter announcing LaDuke as winner of the Vida Scudder Award, a blank registration form for the Northern National Art Competition, for which LaDuke served as judge, a letter to LaDuke from Secretary-General Kofi A. Annan, exhibit schedules and a resume.

The printed material in the collection includes clippings of publications in which LaDuke's artwork is featured, such as Sojourners, Ashland Magazine, School Arts Magazine and Calyx, promotional materials and a holiday notecard produced by Heifer International, announcements and posters. Exhibition files for LaDuke's shows include clippings, announcements, catalogs, photos, correspondence and a CD-ROM of her photos. Additionally, there are a substantial number of exhibit reviews published in such magazines and newspapers as The Oregonian, The Christian Science Monitor and the Durango Herald.

Finally, the collection contains three DVDs entitled Africa Between Myth and Reality (circa 2000), Betty LaDuke: Art Reflection Life (2006), and With Love from Eritrea (2018)which document LaDuke's artistic process and artwork.
Arrangement note:
The collection is organized into 10 series:

Series 1: Photographic Prints, 1994-2002 (3,031 prints; Binders 1-7)

Series 2: Sketchbook (Copy), circa 1998 (1 Book; Binder 8)

Series 3: Color Photographic Prints, 1986-2003 (135 items; Boxes 9-10)

Series 4: Exhibition-Related Prints, Photographs and Posters, circa 1992-circa 2002 (21 items; Box 11)

Series 5: Art Prints and Matted Color Photographic Prints by LaDuke, 2001, 2008, undated (38 items; Boxes 12-13)

Series 6: Biographical Materials, circa 1999-circa 2009 (6 folders; Box 15)

Series 7: Printed Material, 1996-2008 (32 folders, Boxes 15-16)

Series 8: A/V Material, circa 2000-2018 (3 DVDs, Box 17)

Series 9: Art Prints and Poster by Other Artists, 1994, undated (5 items; Box 18)

Series 10: Negatives, 1994-2002 (2,488 items)
Biographical/Historical note:
Artist, writer, professor and multicultural women's art advocate Betty LaDuke (b. 1933) was born in the Bronx to Russian and Polish immigrant parents. She attended California State University in Los Angeles and the Otis College of Art and Design. After three years of teaching junior high art in East Los Angeles, LaDuke moved to Ashland, Oregon in 1964 to accept a position in the art department at Southern Oregon University, where she would teach for over 30 years. Beginning in 1972, she began to undertake annual research journeys to Asia, Latin America, Oceania and Africa, where she found inspiration for the paintings and prints that would make up her circulating exhibits. Upon her retirement from teaching in 1996, LaDuke began to travel to project sites of Heifer International, a humanitarian organization concerned with world hunger and environmental sustainability. These experiences inspired a new phase of her work, including a return to mural painting. LaDuke has published several books on women's art and has been the subject of a book by Gloria Feman Orenstein, entitled Multi-Cultural Celebrations: the Paintings of Betty LaDuke 1972-1992.
Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. The negatives are located in cold storage. All negatives have been digitized and are available online.
Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Women artists  Search this
Weddings  Search this
Schools  Search this
Church buildings  Search this
Beadwork  Search this
Basket making  Search this
Internally displaced persons  Search this
Rites and ceremonies -- Africa  Search this
Refugee camps  Search this
Mosques  Search this
Natural landscapes  Search this
Works of art  Search this
Weaving -- Ethiopia  Search this
Markets  Search this
Artists -- Ethiopia  Search this
Genre/Form:
Color photographs
Photographs
Portraits
Textiles
Drawings
Posters
Color negatives
Photographic prints
Citation:
Betty LaDuke collection, EEPA 2007-003, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.2007-003
See more items in:
Betty LaDuke collection
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-eepa-2007-003

Alcune note storiche su Massawa, con particolare riferimento ad un complesso religioso islamico : la moschea dello sayh Hammali

Author:
Cresti, Federico  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI  Search this
Subject:
Hammali Mosque (Mits'iwa, Eritrea)  Search this
Type:
Articles
Place:
Eritrea
Mits'iwa
Mits'iwa (Eritrea)
Date:
1990
Topic:
Mosques  Search this
History  Search this
Call number:
DT1 .A252
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_547198

Under the Red Sea sun / by Commander Edward Ellsberg

Author:
Ellsberg, Edward 1891-1983  Search this
Physical description:
ix p., 1 l., 500 p. : ill. ; 22 cm
Type:
Personal narratives
Place:
Mits'iwa (Eritrea)
Date:
1946
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Salvage  Search this
Harbor  Search this
Call number:
D811.E58X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_201862

The shadow merchant and the empress / Alberto Denti di Pirajno

Author:
Denti di Pirajno, Alberto 1886-1968  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI  Search this
Type:
Articles
Place:
Eritrea
Mits'iwa (Eritrea)
Date:
1956
20th century
Topic:
Description and travel  Search this
Social life and customs  Search this
Call number:
R520.D4 A313 1956
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1006696

Displaced in the sun : 1855-1930

Author:
Anderson, Sean 1972-  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI  Search this
Type:
Articles
Place:
Eritrea
Mits'iwa (Eritrea)
Asmara (Eritrea)
Date:
2006
Topic:
Travelers' writings, Italian  Search this
Colonization  Search this
Description and travel  Search this
History  Search this
Call number:
NA1591.6.E65 A53 2006a
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_900262

Red Sea citizens : cosmopolitan society and cultural change in Massawa / Jonathan Miran

Author:
Miran, Jonathan  Search this
Physical description:
xiv, 380 p. : ill., maps ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Mits'iwa (Eritrea)
Date:
2009
C2009
Topic:
History  Search this
Commerce  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_971797

Voyage au Taka (haute Nubie). [Parts 14-18] / par M. Guillaume Lejean

Author:
Lejean, Guillaume 1824-1871  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI  Search this
Type:
Articles
Place:
Eritrea
Mits'iwa (Eritrea)
Date:
1865
Topic:
Slave trade  Search this
Cisterns  Search this
Architecture--Persian influences  Search this
Description and travel  Search this
Commerce  Search this
History  Search this
Call number:
G1 .T727
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_985212

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