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Rolf Engel Collection

Creator:
Engel, Rolf.  Search this
Names:
Oberth, Hermann, 1894-1989  Search this
Tiling, Reinhold, 1893-1933  Search this
Extent:
0.79 Cubic feet (2 document boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Technical drawings
Technical notes
Date:
bulk 1935-1936
1930-1974
Summary:
In 1928, along with Wernher von Braun, Rolf Engel joined the newly formed Berlin Section of the Verein Für Raumschiffahrt (German Rocket Society), where he participated in liquid propellant rocket experiments at the Raketenflugplatz (Rocket Airfield) with people like Rudolf Nebel, Willy Ley, Klaus Riedel and von Braun. Engel also worked as chief technical assistant to Johannes Winkler, who launched the HW-1 rocket on February 20, 1931 at a military parade ground near Dessau. This event represented the first launching of a liquid propellant rocket by someone other than Robert Goddard.

This collection consists of files for eight different projects related to rockets conceived by members of the Verein für Raumschiffahrt, including Hermann Oberth, Rudolf Nebel, Franz Mengering, Reinhold Tiling, Johannes Winkler and some unattributed work.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of files for eight different projects related to rockets conceived by members of the Verein für Raumschiffahrt (Germany Rocket Society), including Hermann Oberth, Rudolf Nebel, Franz Mengering, Reinhold Tiling, Johannes Winkler and some unattributed work. The rockets discussed in the project files include Mirak and Doppelstaber (this may be another name for the Repulsor), as well as several other types. The files contain drawings, notes, and photographs. All materials are in German.

There are also several folders of National Air and Space Museum-generated copy photography and a set of photocopies of many of the images.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged in two series: Project Files and NASM Copy Photography. The first series, Project Files, contains drawings, notes, and photographs of Verein für Raumschiffahrt rocket projects and is arranged by project number. The second series, NASM Copy Photography, contains copy photographs, notes, and captions for materials from the Rolf Engel collection, generated by the National Air and Space Museum.
Biographical / Historical:
Rolf Engel was born on August 10, 1912 in Menz/Ruppin, Germany. In 1928, along with Wernher von Braun, Engel joined the newly formed Berlin Section of the Verein Für Raumschiffahrt (German Rocket Society), where he participated in liquid propellant rocket experiments at the Raketenflugplatz (Rocket Airfield) with people like Rudolf Nebel, Willy Ley, Klaus Riedel and von Braun. Engel also worked as chief technical assistant to Johannes Winkler, who launched the HW-1 rocket on February 20, 1931 at a military parade ground near Dessau. This event represented the first launching of a liquid propellant rocket by someone other than Robert Goddard. From 1932 to 1935, Engel founded two research groups, Research Institute for Rocket Technology and Versuchsabteilung (Experimental Department), but they were short-lived due to lack of funding. In 1939, Engel was named technical director of Versuchsanstalt Für Strahltriebwerke (Research Center for Jet Engines) where work primarily focused on the development of fin-stabilized, solid propellant liquid rockets.

During World War II, Engel was a member of the Ministry of Armament's Commissions on Ammunition, Armament, and Ballistic Missiles and also a member of the Reichsforschungsrat (National Research Council). From August 1944 to April 1945, he served as the head of the test division of Waffen-Union Skoda-Brunn in Pibrans, Czechoslovakia. From 1946 to 1952, Engel worked in France as a consultant for ONERA (Office National d'Etudes et de Recherches Aéronautiques). From 1952 to 1957, he worked in Egypt advising the Egyptian Air Force as Director of CERVA (Compagnie des Engines à Réaction pour Vol Accéleré). From 1957 to 1962, Engel lived in Rome, Italy and served as a consultant to various guided missile manufacturers including SISPRE (Societa Italiana per lo Studio della Propulsione a Reazione) and Bombrini Parodi-Delfino. In 1962, Engel returned to Germany where he was named Director of the newly-formed space division of the Messerschmitt-Boelkow-Blohm (MBB) consortium in Munich. In 1971, Engel retired from active professional life for health reasons, although he published several books throughout the 1970s and 1980s. Rolf Engel died in 1993 at the age of 81.
Provenance:
Rolf Engel, Gift, 1965, NASM.XXXX.0856
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Rocketry  Search this
Rockets (Aeronautics)  Search this
Space flight  Search this
Astronautics  Search this
Mirak Research Rocket (Germany, 1930s)  Search this
Repulsor Research Rocket (Germany, 1931)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Technical drawings
Technical notes
Citation:
Rolf Engel Collection, Acc. NASM.XXXX.0856, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0856
See more items in:
Rolf Engel Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg22d7650e2-1de0-4f27-9ffb-b0eeda36c340
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0856

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