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Philleo Nash papers

Creator:
Nash, Philleo, 1909-1987  Search this
Names:
American Anthropological Association  Search this
East Bay Area United Indian Council -- Oakland, California  Search this
DuBois, Cora -- Klamath notes (copies)  Search this
Correspondent:
Eggan, Fred, 1906-1991  Search this
Gower, Charlotte  Search this
Hill, W. W. (Willard Williams), 1902-1974  Search this
Opler, Morris Edward  Search this
Redfield, Robert, 1897-1958  Search this
Depicted:
Humphrey, Hubert  Search this
Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald), 1917-1963  Search this
Extent:
12 Linear feet (24 boxes)
Culture:
Sahnish (Arikara)  Search this
Minnesota Chippewa [Red Lake, Minnesota]  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)  Search this
Cocopa  Search this
Colville  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Hualapai (Walapai)  Search this
American Indians -- Religion  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Maya  Search this
Oneida  Search this
Jews -- Toronto, Ontario  Search this
Eskimos  Search this
Klamath  Search this
Piipaash (Maricopa)  Search this
Anishinaabe (Chippewa/Ojibwa)  Search this
Spokan  Search this
Walla Walla (Wallawalla)  Search this
Quechan (Yuma/Cuchan)  Search this
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Oraons  Search this
Puyallup  Search this
Akimel O'odham (Pima)  Search this
Samoan  Search this
Quileute  Search this
Shawnee  Search this
Samoans  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Havasupai (Coconino)  Search this
Modoc  Search this
Apache  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
Canada -- Ontario -- Lake Alymer -- archeology
Date:
1931-1986
Summary:
The Philleo Nash papers attest to Nash's interest in anthropology, not only research and teaching but also in its application to public service. His papers can be separated into four main areas: undergraduate and graduate education, research, teaching, and public service. Files contain class notes from Nash's undergraduate and graduate studies as well as papers by well-known professors lecturing at the University of Chicago including Ralph Linton, Robert Redfield, and R.A. Radcliffe-Brown. The bulk of his research was conducted in the Pacific Northwest where he studied the Klamath-Modoc culture on the reservation, focusing on revivalism and socio-political organization (1935-1937). Other research included archeology at two sites, a study of the Toronto Jewish community, and a continuing interest in minority issues. Nash taugh at the University of Toronto (1937- 1941) and at American University in Washington, D.C. (1971-1977). Teaching files contain lecture notes from his work at the University of Toronto. Public service files include correspondence from the period when he was Lieutenant Governor of Wisconsin (1959-1961) as well as reports and photos from the years as Commissioner of Indian Affairs (1961-1966). Other public service and business positions are not represented in these files.
Scope and Contents:
The Philleo Nash Papers attest to Nash's interest in anthropology, not only research and teaching but also in its application to public service. His papers can be separated into four main areas: undergraduate and graduate education, research, teaching, and public service. Files contain class notes from Nash's undergraduate and graduate studies as well as papers by well-known professors lecturing at the University of Chicago including Ralph Linton, Robert Redfield, and R.A. Radcliffe-Brown. The bulk of his research was conducted in the Pacific Northwest where he studied the Klamath-Modoc culture on the reservation, focusing on revivalism and socio-political organization (1935-1937). Other research included archeology at two sites, a study of the Toronto Jewish community, and a continuing interest in minority issues. Nash taugh at the University of Toronto (1937-1941) and at American University in Washington, D.C. (1971-1977). Teaching files contain lecture notes from his work at the University of Toronto. Public service files include correspondence from the period when he was Lieutenant Governor of Wisconsin (1959-1961) as well as reports and photos from the years as Commissioner of Indian Affairs (1961-1966). Other public service and business positions are not represented in these files.

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Arrangement:
Arranged in 6 series: (I) Education (1931-1937), (II) Klamath-Modoc Culture (1930s), (III) Teaching (1937-1942, 1971-1977), (IV) Miscellaneous (1936-1986), (V) Non-Academic Positions (1939-1970), (VI) Photos (1931-1967).
Biographical Note:
Philleo Nash was born on October 25, 1909, in Wisconsin Rapids, Wisconsin. He studied at the University of Wisconsin, taking a year off to study music at the Curtis Institute in Philadelphia. On his return to the University of Wisconsin, Nash completed his undergraduate degree in anthropology (1932) and went on to the University of Chicago for a Ph.D. in anthropology (1937). His doctoral dissertation explored the concepts of revivalism and social change with a focus on the Klamath Ghost Dance activities of the 1870s.

Nash held positions in teaching as well as in government and his family business. He was a lecturer in anthropology at the University of Toronto (1937-1941). He also lectured at the University of Wisconsin (1941-1942) and at American University in Washington, D.C. (1971-1977).

From 1942 to 1953, Nash served in various positions in the federal government, first in the Office of War Information and later as Assistant to President Truman, focusing on minority affairs and as liaison to the Department of the Interior. During this period in Washington, Nash also acted as President of the Georgetown Day School (1945-1952), where he was one of the founders of this racially integrated cooperative school. In 1953, Nash returned to Wisconsin where his interest in politics continued, and he became Lieutenant Governor of Wisconsin from 1959 to 1961. In 1961, he returned to Washington, DC as U.S. Commissioner of Indian Affairs, a position he held until 1966.

Following his work as Commissioner, Nash remained in Washington where he acted as a consultant in applied anthropology and held offices in various associations including hte Society for Applied Anthropology (SfAA), the American Anthropological Association (AAA), and the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). During all the years of professional responsibilities, Nash also held positions in the family business, Biron Cranberry Company. He returned to Wisconsin in 1977 to be President and Manager of the Company.

Throughout his life Nash was active in various associations for science and anthropology. He was awarded the AAA's Distinguished Service Award in 1984. In 1986, the SfAA presented him with the Bronislaw Malinowski Award in recognition of outstanding scholarship and long term commitment in applying the social sciences to contemporary issues.

Philleo Nash died in 1987. Some years before his death Nash sent his archaeological research material from the Pound Village Site (1938-1939) to Toronto and his research material from the DuBay Village Site (1940) to the Milwaukee Public Museum. According to the terms of his will, his government and political papers are housed at the Harry S. Truman Library in Independence, Missouri.

Reference: Landman, Ruth H. and Katherine S. Halpern (eds.). Applied Anthropologist and Public Servant: the Life and Work of Philleo Nash. NAPA Bulletin #7. Washington, DC: American Anthropological Association, 1989.
Related Materials:
According to the terms of his will, Nash's government and political papers are housed at the Harry S. Truman Library in Independence, Missouri.
Restrictions:
The Philleo Nash papers are open for research.

Access to the Philleo Nash papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Ghost dance -- Klamath  Search this
Nativistic religions -- American Indians  Search this
Citation:
Philleo Nash papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.1990-23
See more items in:
Philleo Nash papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3ac739603-097f-4085-8ae3-6b4213d44974
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-1990-23

Priscilla Reining papers

Creator:
Reining, Priscilla  Search this
Extent:
2 Flat boxes
60.25 Linear feet (145 boxes)
23 Computer storage devices (floppy discs, zip discs, data tapes, and magnetic tape)
6 Sound recordings
2 Map drawers
Culture:
Anishinaabe (Chippewa/Ojibwa)  Search this
Kikuyu (African people)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Minnesota Chippewa [Red Lake, Minnesota]  Search this
Haya (African people)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Computer storage devices
Sound recordings
Map drawers
Correspondence
Photographs
Electronic records
Place:
Tanganyika
Tanzania
Kenya
Uganda
Niger
Burkina Faso
Bukoba District (Tanzania)
Date:
1916-2007
bulk 1934-2007
Summary:
The Priscilla Reining papers, 1916-2007, primarily document the professional life of Reining, a social anthropologist and Africanist who worked for the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) from 1974 to 1989. Her area of specialty was sub-Saharan Africa, specializing in desertification, land tenure, land use, kinship, population, fertility, and HIV/AIDS. During the 1970s, she pioneered the use of satellite imagery in conjunction with ethnographic data. She is also known for her ground-breaking research in the late 1980s that showed that uncircumcised men were more susceptible to contracting HIV/AIDS than circumcised men.

The collection contains correspondence, field research, research files, writings, day planners, teaching files, student files, photographs, maps, sound recordings, and electronic records. Reining's research files, particularly on the Red Lake Ojibwa, the Haya, HIV/AIDS, and satellite imagery, form a significant portion of the collection.
Scope and Contents:
These papers primarily document the professional life of Priscilla Reining. The collection contains correspondence, field research, research files, writings, day planners, teaching files, student files, photographs, maps, sound recordings, and electronic records.

Reining's research files, particularly on the Red Lake Ojibwa, the Haya, HIV/AIDS, and satellite imagery, form a significant portion of the collection. Her consultancy work is also well-represented, as well as her involvement in a large number of professional organizations. The collection also contains a great deal of material relating to her work on different programs and projects at AAAS, including the Committee on Arid Lands, Ethnography of Reproduction Project, and Cultural Factors in Population Programs. Also present in the collection are materials from her time as Urgent Anthropology Program Coordinator at the Smithsonian Institution, her files as an instructor and professor, and her files as a student at University of Chicago. Materials from her personal life can also be found in the collection, such as correspondence and childhood mementos.
Arrangement:
The Priscilla Reining papers are organized in 13 series: 1. Correspondence, 1944-2007; 2. Research, 1955-1970; 3. AAAS, 1971-1990; 4. Professional Activities, 5. 1957-2007; Daily Planners and Notebooks, 1960-2002; 6. Writings, 1952-1996; 7. Smithsonian Institution, 1964-1971; 8. University, 1958-1994; 9. Student, 1937-1975; 10. Biographical and Personal Files, 1934-2004; 11. Maps, 1916-1989, undated; 12. Photographs, circa 1950-1987, undated; 13. Electronic records.
Biographical / Historical:
Priscilla Copeland Reining was a social anthropologist and Africanist who worked for the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) from 1974 to 1989. Her area of specialty was sub-Saharan Africa, specializing in desertification, land tenure, land use, kinship, population, fertility, and HIV/AIDS. During the 1970s, she pioneered the use of satellite imagery in conjunction with ethnographic data. She is also known for her ground-breaking research in the late 1980s that showed that uncircumcised men were more susceptible to contracting HIV/AIDS than circumcised men.

Reining was born on March 11, 1923 in Chicago, Illinois. She studied anthropology at University of Chicago, where she earned both her A.B. (1945) and Ph.D. (1967) in anthropology. During her graduate studies, she studied peer group relations among the Ojibwa of the Red Lake Indian Reservation in Minnesota (1947, 1950-51). Her husband, Conrad Reining, accompanied her to the field, an experience that inspired him to also become an anthropologist.

In 1951-53 and 1954-55, Reining conducted fieldwork among the Haya of Bukoba District, Tanganyika (now known as Tanzania) as a Fellow of the East African Institute of Social Research. While research for her dissertation focused on the agrarian system of the Haya, Reining also conducted fertility surveys for the East African Medical Survey, studying the relationship between STDs and fertility in Buhaya and Buganda. During the 1980s, Reining became interested in AIDS when she observed that the Haya were dying from the disease at a much higher rate than neighboring groups. When she learned of a possible link between circumcision and the spread of HIV, she drew a map of circumcision practice among the ethnic groups of Africa and found that uncircumcised men were 86% more likely to contract HIV than circumcised men. These results were published in "The Relationship Between Male Circumcision and HIV Infection in African Populations" (1989), which she coauthored with John Bongaarts, Peter Way, and Francis Conant.

Beginning in the 1970s, Reining began exploring the use of satellite imagery in ethnographic research. In 1973, she used Landsat data to identify individual Mali villages, the first use of satellite data in anthropology (Morán 1990). That same year, as a consultant for USAID, she also used ERTS-1 imagery to estimate carrying capacity in Niger and Upper Volta (now known as Burkino Faso). She continued to apply satellite data in her research throughout her career, including in 1993, when she returned to Tanzania to study the environmental consequence of population growth and HIV/AIDS among the Haya.

In 1974, Reining joined the Office of International Science of AAAS as a research associate. She stayed on to become Project Director for the Cultural Factors in Population Programs and to direct a number of projects under the Committee on Arid Lands. She also served as Project Director of the Ethnography of Reproduction project, for which she conducted fieldwork in Kenya in 1976. In 1990, she left AAAS for an appointment as Courtesy Professor of African Studies at University of Florida.

Prior to working for AAAS, Reining worked at the Smithsonian Institution (1966, 1968-70), during which she was the coordinator for the Urgent Anthropology Program in the now defunct Center for the Study of Man. She also taught at University of Minnesota (1956-59), American University (1959-60), and Howard University (1960-64). In addition, she worked as a consultant for various organizations, including Department of Justice, Peace Corps, International Bank for Reconstruction & Development (IBRD), Food and Agriculture Organization, and Carrying Capacity Network.

Reining was also actively involved in various organizations. She served as Secretary of the AAAS Section H (Anthropology) and was a founding member of the American Anthropological Association (AAA) Task Force on AIDS. She was also a fellow of the African Studies Association, AAA, AAAS, East African Academy, Society for Applied Anthropology, and Washington Academy of Science. In 1990, she was honored with a Distinguished Service Award from AAA.

Reining died of lung cancer at the age of 84 on July 19, 2007.

Sources Consulted

PR Vita. Series 10. Biographical and Personal Files. Priscilla Reining Papers. National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution

Morán, Emilio F. 2000. The Ecosystem Approach in Anthropology: From Concept to Practice. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan. Page 359

Schudel, Matt. 2007. Anthropologist Broke Ground on AIDS, Satellite Mapping. Washington Post, July 29. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/07/28/AR2007072801190.html (accessed December 8, 2011).

1923 -- Born March 11 in Chicago, Illinois

1944 -- Marries Conrad C. Reining

1945 -- Earns A.B. from University of Chicago

1947, 1950-51 -- Conducts field research on the Ojibwa of Red Lake Indian Reservation in Minnesota.

1949 -- Earns A.M. from University of Chicago

1951-1953, 1954-1955 -- Field research on Haya of Tanzania

1967 -- Earns Ph.D. from University of Chicago

1972 -- Returns to Tanzania for IBRD consultancy work

1974 -- Begins working at AAAS as a research associate in the Office of International Science

1975 -- Project Director, AAAS

1976 -- Field research on Kikuyu of Kenya for Ethnography of Reproduction

1986-89 -- Program Director, AAAS

1990 -- Courtesy Professor of African Studies at University of Florida Receives Distinguished Service Award from AAA

1993 -- Field research in Tanzania studying environmental consequences of population growth and HIV/AIDS among the Haya

2007 -- Dies of lung cancer at the age of 84 on July 19
Related Materials:
Additional materials at the NAA relating to Priscilla Reining can be found in the papers of Gordon Gibson and John Murra, as well as in the records of the Center for the Study of Man and the records of the Department of Anthropology. Photo Lot 97 contains two Haya photos taken by Reining that are not duplicated in this collection. The papers of her husband, Conrad Reining, are also at the NAA.

The archives of the American Association for the Advancement of Science also holds Reining's papers relating to her work for the organization.
Provenance:
These papers were donated to the National Anthropological Archives by Priscilla Reining's sons, Robert Reining and Conrad Reining, in 2009.
Restrictions:
The Priscilla Reining papers are open for research.

Some materials from the East African Medical Survey and Ethnography of Reproduction project contain personal medical history and are thus restricted. Grant applications sent to Reining to review are also restricted as well as her students' grades, and recommendation letters Reining wrote for her students. Electronic records are also restricted.

A small portion of the materials relating to Reining's Haya research, Ethnography of Reproduction project, and IBRD ujamaa research suffered severe mold damage. These materials have been cleaned and may be accessed. The legibility of some of the documents, however, is limited due to water and mold stains. Mold odor is also still present.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
AIDS (Disease)  Search this
Human ecology  Search this
Fertility, Human  Search this
Kinship  Search this
population  Search this
Landsat satellites  Search this
Remote sensing  Search this
Desertification  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Sound recordings
Photographs
Electronic records
Citation:
Priscilla Reining Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.2009-25
See more items in:
Priscilla Reining papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw34d98c2cd-c075-443f-b007-9dd7cea86fe2
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-2009-25

Enmegahbowh

Culture/People:
Minnesota Chippewa [Red Lake, Minnesota]  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Reverend Johnson Loud, Jr., Minnesota Chippewa [Red Lake, Minnesota], b. 1942  Search this
Donor agent:
Reverend Michael P. Forbes, Non-Indian  Search this
Donor:
Episcopal Diocese of Minnesota  Search this
Subject:
Enmegahbowh (Enami'egaabaw/John Johnson), Anishinaabe (Chippewa/Ojibwa), ca. 1820-1902  Search this
Title:
Enmegahbowh
Object Name:
Print
Media/Materials:
Paper, ink, graphite
Techniques:
Printed
Dimensions:
44.3 x 58.5 x 0.5 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Minnesota; USA (inferred)
Date created:
1996
Catalog Number:
25/4631
Barcode:
254631.000
See related items:
Minnesota Chippewa [Red Lake, Minnesota]
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6e780fac9-526a-42db-b7f8-c20e40946371
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_270589
Online Media:

Frogs Fighting

Culture/People:
Minnesota Chippewa [Red Lake, Minnesota]  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Robert Rose-Bear (Robert Rosebear), Minnesota Chippewa, 1947-2006  Search this
IACB source:
Raven Gallery (The Raven Gallery)  Search this
Previous owner:
Indian Arts and Crafts Board, Department of the Interior (IACB), 1935-  Search this
Title:
Frogs Fighting
Object Name:
Sculpture
Media/Materials:
Catlinite/pipestone
Techniques:
Carved
Dimensions:
7.1 x 6.6 x 4.4 cm
Object Type:
Sculpture/Carving/Figures
Place:
Minneapolis; Hennepin County; Minnesota; USA
Date created:
1983
Catalog Number:
25/9140
Barcode:
259140.000
See related items:
Minnesota Chippewa [Red Lake, Minnesota]
Sculpture/Carving/Figures
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6172388f5-75f3-4163-896e-5586e66a9d77
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_275129
Online Media:

Print

Culture/People:
Minnesota Chippewa [Red Lake, Minnesota]  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Florian Kermit Fairbanks (Slats Fairbanks), Minnesota Chippewa [Red Lake, Minnesota], b. 1948  Search this
Previous owner:
Indian Arts and Crafts Board, Department of the Interior (IACB), 1935-  Search this
Object Name:
Print
Media/Materials:
Paper, ink
Techniques:
Printed
Dimensions:
49.4 x 32.7 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Minnesota; USA (inferred)
Date created:
1980
Catalog Number:
25/9385
Barcode:
259385.000
See related items:
Minnesota Chippewa [Red Lake, Minnesota]
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6036885e9-0cdf-4750-bda0-45239170eab4
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_275433
Online Media:

Basket cradle

Culture/People:
Minnesota Chippewa [Red Lake, Minnesota]  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Gertrude Morgan, Minnesota Chippewa, 1924-2001  Search this
Previous owner:
Indian Arts and Crafts Board, Department of the Interior (IACB), 1935-  Search this
IACB Source:
St. Louis County Historical Society  Search this
Object Name:
Basket cradle
Media/Materials:
Willow, ash splints, cotton cloth, lace, ribbon, deer sinew, unknown stuffing
Techniques:
Wicker-plaited, sewn, appliquéd
Dimensions:
84.7 x 48.7 x 26.0 cm
Object Type:
Transportation Items: Baby carriers
Place:
Red Lake Village, Red Lake Band Reservation; Beltrami County; Minnesota; USA
Date created:
1984
Catalog Number:
26/1951
Barcode:
261951.000
See related items:
Minnesota Chippewa [Red Lake, Minnesota]
Transportation Items: Baby carriers
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws611760a65-abdc-4b56-943d-928e1a5a6548
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_278058

Bolo tie

Culture/People:
Minnesota Chippewa [Red Lake, Minnesota]  Search this
Donor:
Irene Hirano Inouye (Mrs. Daniel K. Inouye), Non-Indian, 1948-2020  Search this
Previous owner:
Senator Daniel K. Inouye, Non-Indian, 1924-2012  Search this
Roger A. Jourdain (R. A. Jourdain), Minnesota Chippewa [Red Lake, Minnesota], 1912-2002  Search this
Object Name:
Bolo tie
Media/Materials:
Hide, commercial leather thong, glass bead/beads, thread
Techniques:
Sewn, overlay beadwork, bead-wrapped, strung
Dimensions:
8.7 x 7.2 x 0.6 cm
Object Type:
Adornment/Jewelry
Place:
Red Lake Band Reservation; Beltrami County; Minnesota; USA (inferred)
Date created:
1985-1990
Catalog Number:
26/9072
Barcode:
269072.000
See related items:
Minnesota Chippewa [Red Lake, Minnesota]
Adornment/Jewelry
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws639f7472e-aeed-45bd-a331-4007a247f6ac
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_407778
Online Media:

Flag

Culture/People:
Non-Indian and Minnesota Chippewa [Red Lake, Minnesota]  Search this
Donor:
Irene Hirano Inouye (Mrs. Daniel K. Inouye), Non-Indian, 1948-2020  Search this
Previous owner:
Senator Daniel K. Inouye, Non-Indian, 1924-2012  Search this
Object Name:
Flag
Media/Materials:
Synthetic fabric, metal grommets
Techniques:
Commercially produced/manufactured
Dimensions:
128.04 x 90.5 x 0.5 cm
Object Type:
Advertising/Logo items
Place:
Red Lake Band Reservation; Beltrami County; Minnesota; USA
Date created:
1985-2010
Catalog Number:
26/9115
Barcode:
269115.000
See related items:
Non-Indian
Minnesota Chippewa [Red Lake, Minnesota]
Advertising/Logo items
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6bc073014-8d18-4463-9439-9e50b20e993d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_408018
Online Media:

Rattle

Culture/People:
Minnesota Chippewa [Red Lake, Minnesota]  Search this
Lender:
Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia (Academy of Natural Sciences of Drexel University)  Search this
Object Name:
Rattle
Media/Materials:
Wood
Techniques:
Carved
Dimensions:
25.5 x 8.3 cm
Object Type:
Music and Sound
Place:
Red Lake Village, Red Lake Band Reservation; Beltrami County; Minnesota; USA
Catalog Number:
16/7133
Barcode:
167133.000
See related items:
Minnesota Chippewa [Red Lake, Minnesota]
Music and Sound
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6db89b934-9d7d-4882-9453-24cb907d6b61
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_178681
Online Media:

Mallet

Culture/People:
Minnesota Chippewa [Red Lake, Minnesota]  Search this
Lender:
Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia (Academy of Natural Sciences of Drexel University)  Search this
Object Name:
Mallet
Media/Materials:
Wood
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Tools and Equipment (General)
Place:
Red Lake Village, Red Lake Band Reservation; Beltrami County; Minnesota; USA
Catalog Number:
16/7134
Barcode:
167134.000
See related items:
Minnesota Chippewa [Red Lake, Minnesota]
Tools and Equipment (General)
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6aa22c9f4-30d7-446e-975c-227ed18d3187
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_178682
Online Media:

Pot hook

Culture/People:
Minnesota Chippewa [Red Lake, Minnesota]  Search this
Lender:
Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia (Academy of Natural Sciences of Drexel University)  Search this
Object Name:
Pot hook
Media/Materials:
Wood
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Food Gathering and Preparation
Place:
Red Lake Village, Red Lake Band Reservation; Beltrami County; Minnesota; USA
Catalog Number:
16/7135
Barcode:
167135.000
See related items:
Minnesota Chippewa [Red Lake, Minnesota]
Food Gathering and Preparation
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6808ef7c9-4342-4faa-8b18-a6479709f142
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_178683
Online Media:

Pot hook

Culture/People:
Minnesota Chippewa [Red Lake, Minnesota]  Search this
Lender:
Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia (Academy of Natural Sciences of Drexel University)  Search this
Object Name:
Pot hook
Media/Materials:
Wood
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Food Gathering and Preparation
Place:
Red Lake Village, Red Lake Band Reservation; Beltrami County; Minnesota; USA
Catalog Number:
16/7136
Barcode:
167136.000
See related items:
Minnesota Chippewa [Red Lake, Minnesota]
Food Gathering and Preparation
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6c6cd8532-1b53-4449-8c18-5ba299e9201f
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_178684
Online Media:

Spoon/Ladle

Culture/People:
Minnesota Chippewa [Red Lake, Minnesota]  Search this
Lender:
Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia (Academy of Natural Sciences of Drexel University)  Search this
Object Name:
Spoon/Ladle
Media/Materials:
Wood
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Food/Beverage Serving
Place:
Red Lake Village, Red Lake Band Reservation; Beltrami County; Minnesota; USA
Catalog Number:
16/7137
Barcode:
167137.000
See related items:
Minnesota Chippewa [Red Lake, Minnesota]
Food/Beverage Serving
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws63376ccd6-068a-4077-b0d4-7f320a91877e
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_178685
Online Media:

Spoon/Ladle

Culture/People:
Minnesota Chippewa [Red Lake, Minnesota]  Search this
Lender:
Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia (Academy of Natural Sciences of Drexel University)  Search this
Object Name:
Spoon/Ladle
Media/Materials:
Wood
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Food/Beverage Serving
Place:
Red Lake Village, Red Lake Band Reservation; Beltrami County; Minnesota; USA
Catalog Number:
16/7138
Barcode:
167138.000
See related items:
Minnesota Chippewa [Red Lake, Minnesota]
Food/Beverage Serving
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6ed5a9e13-c0c1-41cc-875f-92318c6f8fd2
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_178686
Online Media:

Spoon

Culture/People:
Minnesota Chippewa [Red Lake, Minnesota]  Search this
Lender:
Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia (Academy of Natural Sciences of Drexel University)  Search this
Object Name:
Spoon
Media/Materials:
Wood
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Food/Beverage Serving
Place:
Red Lake Village, Red Lake Band Reservation; Beltrami County; Minnesota; USA
Catalog Number:
16/7139
Barcode:
167139.000
See related items:
Minnesota Chippewa [Red Lake, Minnesota]
Food/Beverage Serving
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws60ad931a6-190c-495e-b731-0e796063a381
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_178687
Online Media:

Pipe tomahawk

Culture/People:
Non-Indian; probably collected from the Minnesota Chippewa [Red Lake, Minnesota]  Search this
Lender:
Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia (Academy of Natural Sciences of Drexel University)  Search this
Object Name:
Pipe tomahawk
Media/Materials:
Metal head, wood
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Personal items
Place:
Red Lake Village, Red Lake Band Reservation; Beltrami County; Minnesota; USA
Catalog Number:
16/7140
Barcode:
167140.000
See related items:
Non-Indian
Minnesota Chippewa [Red Lake, Minnesota]
Personal items
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws626c7d54e-2b80-45f0-ad08-5209f0b32c2e
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_178688
Online Media:

Burden strap/Tumpline

Culture/People:
Minnesota Chippewa [Red Lake, Minnesota]  Search this
Lender:
Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia (Academy of Natural Sciences of Drexel University)  Search this
Object Name:
Burden strap/Tumpline
Media/Materials:
Moose hide/skin
Techniques:
Cut
Object Type:
Transportation Items
Place:
Red Lake Village, Red Lake Band Reservation; Beltrami County; Minnesota; USA
Catalog Number:
16/7141
Barcode:
167141.000
See related items:
Minnesota Chippewa [Red Lake, Minnesota]
Transportation Items
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws662c901ce-4a22-476c-89da-90e4c15dcecc
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_178689
Online Media:

Pipe bowl and pipestem

Culture/People:
Minnesota Chippewa [Red Lake, Minnesota]  Search this
Lender:
Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia (Academy of Natural Sciences of Drexel University)  Search this
Object Name:
Pipe bowl and pipestem
Media/Materials:
Stone, wood, porcupine quills
Techniques:
Painted, quill-wrapped (braided)
Object Type:
Pipes and Smoking
Place:
Red Lake Village, Red Lake Band Reservation; Beltrami County; Minnesota; USA
Catalog Number:
16/7142
Barcode:
167142.000
See related items:
Minnesota Chippewa [Red Lake, Minnesota]
Pipes and Smoking
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws67085bdbc-d8cc-4c43-b48e-84e26e2893ff
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_178690
Online Media:

Pipe bowl and pipestem

Culture/People:
Minnesota Chippewa [Red Lake, Minnesota]  Search this
Lender:
Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia (Academy of Natural Sciences of Drexel University)  Search this
Object Name:
Pipe bowl and pipestem
Media/Materials:
Stone, wood
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Pipes and Smoking
Place:
Red Lake Village, Red Lake Band Reservation; Beltrami County; Minnesota; USA
Catalog Number:
16/7143
Barcode:
167143.000
See related items:
Minnesota Chippewa [Red Lake, Minnesota]
Pipes and Smoking
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws663b91d64-2f02-445f-a5d8-de1c7c915220
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_178691
Online Media:

Pipe bowl and pipestem

Culture/People:
Minnesota Chippewa [Red Lake, Minnesota]  Search this
Lender:
Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia (Academy of Natural Sciences of Drexel University)  Search this
Object Name:
Pipe bowl and pipestem
Media/Materials:
Wood
Techniques:
Inlaid
Object Type:
Pipes and Smoking
Place:
Red Lake Village, Red Lake Band Reservation; Beltrami County; Minnesota; USA
Catalog Number:
16/7144
Barcode:
167144.000
See related items:
Minnesota Chippewa [Red Lake, Minnesota]
Pipes and Smoking
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws661e154be-ae5c-4753-8ca7-6aef890c6570
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_178692
Online Media:

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