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Milwaukee Public Museum

Collection Creator:
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Smithsonian Institution. Department of Anthropology  Search this
Smithsonian Institution. United States National Museum. Department of Anthropology  Search this
Container:
Box 10
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Some materials are restricted.

Access to the Department of Anthropology records requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Department of Anthropology Records, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Department of Anthropology records
Department of Anthropology records / Series 24: Antiquities Act Permits / 24.1: Permits – Prior to 1960
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-xxxx-0311-ref12542

Milwaukee Public Museum

Collection Creator:
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Smithsonian Institution. Department of Anthropology  Search this
Smithsonian Institution. United States National Museum. Department of Anthropology  Search this
Container:
Box 33
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Some materials are restricted.

Access to the Department of Anthropology records requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Department of Anthropology Records, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Department of Anthropology records
Department of Anthropology records / Series 24: Antiquities Act Permits / 24.3: Antiquities Act Permits – Post 1960
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-xxxx-0311-ref13074

Milwaukee Public Museum

Collection Creator:
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Smithsonian Institution. Department of Anthropology  Search this
Smithsonian Institution. United States National Museum. Department of Anthropology  Search this
Container:
Box 92
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Some materials are restricted.

Access to the Department of Anthropology records requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Department of Anthropology Records, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Department of Anthropology records
Department of Anthropology records / Series 24: Antiquities Act Permits / 24.4: Antiquities Act Permits – Series 4
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-xxxx-0311-ref13822

Mat (No image available)

Culture/People:
Chachilla (Cayapas)  Search this
Collector:
Samuel A. Barrett (Samuel Alfred Barrett/S.A. Barrett), Non-Indian, 1879-1965  Search this
Expedition sponsor:
Marie A. Heye (Marie Antoinette Lawrence Heye), Non-Indian, 1845-1915  Search this
Object Name:
Mat (No image available)
Media/Materials:
Palm frond/fronds
Techniques:
Twill-plaited
Object Type:
Furnishings (Home)
Place:
Río Cayapas; Esmeraldas Province; Ecuador
Catalog Number:
2/4055
Barcode:
024055.000
See related items:
Chachilla (Cayapas)
Furnishings (Home)
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_25688

Mat (No image available)

Culture/People:
Chachilla (Cayapas)  Search this
Collector:
Samuel A. Barrett (Samuel Alfred Barrett/S.A. Barrett), Non-Indian, 1879-1965  Search this
Expedition sponsor:
Marie A. Heye (Marie Antoinette Lawrence Heye), Non-Indian, 1845-1915  Search this
Object Name:
Mat (No image available)
Media/Materials:
Palm frond/fronds
Techniques:
Twill-plaited
Object Type:
Furnishings (Home)
Place:
Río Cayapas; Esmeraldas Province; Ecuador
Catalog Number:
2/4185
Barcode:
024185.000
See related items:
Chachilla (Cayapas)
Furnishings (Home)
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_25427

Mat (No image available)

Culture/People:
Chachilla (Cayapas)  Search this
Collector:
Samuel A. Barrett (Samuel Alfred Barrett/S.A. Barrett), Non-Indian, 1879-1965  Search this
Expedition sponsor:
Marie A. Heye (Marie Antoinette Lawrence Heye), Non-Indian, 1845-1915  Search this
Object Name:
Mat (No image available)
Media/Materials:
Palm frond/fronds
Techniques:
Twill-plaited
Object Type:
Furnishings (Home)
Place:
Río Cayapas; Esmeraldas Province; Ecuador
Catalog Number:
2/4054
Barcode:
024054.000
See related items:
Chachilla (Cayapas)
Furnishings (Home)
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_25687

Charles Elmer Resser Papers

Creator::
Resser, Charles Elmer, 1889-1943  Search this
Extent:
4.58 cu. ft. (8 document boxes) (1 tall document box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Field notes
Black-and-white photographs
Scrapbooks
Manuscripts
Journals (accounts)
Exhibition catalogs
Diaries
Date:
1912-1942 and undated
Descriptive Entry:
These papers consist of Resser's professional correspondence, 1912-1940 and undated; notebooks from field trips in the United States and museum collection study trips in Europe; a manuscript on Wisconsin localities at the Milwaukee Public Museum; and photographs from his field trips.
Historical Note:
Charles Elmer Resser (1889-1943), paleontologist, was born in East Berlin, Pennsylvania. He was educated at Pennsylvania State Teachers College, B. Ped., 1912; Franklin and Marshall College, B.A., 1913; Princeton University, M.A., 1915; and The George Washington University, Ph.D., 1917. Resser's interest in Cambrian fossils was developed while a student of H. Justin Roddy at Franklin and Marshall.

In 1914 Resser came to the United States National Museum as an assistant to Charles D. Walcott. In 1915 he was appointed Assistant Curator in the Division of Paleontology and subsequently held positions as Assistant Curator, Division of Stratigraphic Paleontology, 1923; Associate Curator, Division of Stratigraphic Paleontology, 1924-1928; Curator, Division of Stratigraphic Paleontology, 1929-1940; and Curator, Division of Invertebrate Paleontology and Paleobotany, 1941-1943. Resser was also a part-time faculty member at The George Washington University, 1915-1932. Resser also taught geology at the University of Maryland for several years.
Topic:
Geology  Search this
Paleontology  Search this
Paleontologists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Field notes
Black-and-white photographs
Scrapbooks
Manuscripts
Journals (accounts)
Exhibition catalogs
Diaries
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7232, Charles Elmer Resser Papers
Identifier:
Record Unit 7232
See more items in:
Charles Elmer Resser Papers
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru7232

UNPUBLISHED MANUSCRIPT ON WISCONSIN LOCALITIES, UNDATED.

Collection Creator::
Resser, Charles Elmer, 1889-1943  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Note:
This series consists of a typed manuscript on Wisconsin locality numbers and descriptions used by the Milwaukee Public Museum's Department of Geology. It is not known whether this manuscript was written by Resser.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7232, Charles Elmer Resser Papers
Identifier:
Record Unit 7232, Series 3
See more items in:
Charles Elmer Resser Papers
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7232-refidd1e1055

Thubunaea iguanae

Collector:
Dr. Stanley E. Trauth  Search this
Prep Count:
1
Preparation:
Alcohol (Ethanol)
Remarks:
Vial/bottle
Place:
Marion County, Arkansas, United States, North America
Collection Date:
25 May 1972
Common name:
Nematodes
Published Name:
Thubunaea iguanae
Other Numbers:
USNPC Accession (Catalog) : 084393.00
USNM Number:
1379615
See more items in:
Invertebrate Zoology
Nematoda
US National Parasite Collection
Parasite Collection
Data Source:
NMNH - Invertebrate Zoology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/37b287f57-190d-494a-bc32-6984c6195eaa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhinvertebratezoology_12033917

Female figure

Maker:
Zande artist  Search this
Medium:
Wood, glass beads, metal, oil, plant fiber
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 22.9 x 6.9 x 7.5cm (9 x 2 11/16 x 2 15/16 in.)
Type:
Sculpture
Geography:
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Date:
Early to mid-20th century
Topic:
Status  Search this
Adornment  Search this
male  Search this
female  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Mrs. William Brill in memory of William Brill and Sylvia Williams
Object number:
2005-1-1
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Exhibition:
Visionary: Viewpoints on Africa's Arts
On View:
NMAfA, Second Level Gallery (2193)
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ys7607084f6-e293-4e72-9771-de957c64caf8
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_2005-1-1

Female figure with bowl

Maker:
Jiji artist  Search this
Medium:
Wood
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 54.8 × 14.5 × 14.3 cm (21 9/16 × 5 11/16 × 5 5/8 in.)
Type:
Sculpture
Geography:
Kigoma town, Tanzania
Date:
Early 20th century
Topic:
Status  Search this
geometric motif  Search this
male  Search this
female  Search this
Healing  Search this
Credit Line:
Museum purchase
Object number:
2015-16-3
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Exhibition:
Visionary: Viewpoints on Africa's Arts
On View:
NMAfA, Second Level Gallery (2193)
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ys7b864abb3-00b4-4e61-9116-21f0b97fa958
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_2015-16-3

Visit to Milwaukee Public Museum and St. Louis Zoo, 6/29-30/1989

Collection Creator::
National Zoological Park. Office of the Director  Search this
Container:
Box 10 of 11
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 01-047, National Zoological Park. Office of the Director, Appointment Files
See more items in:
Appointment Files
Appointment Files / Box 10
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa01-047-refidd1e12603

Huron H. Smith photograph collection

Creator:
Smith, Huron H. (Huron Herbert), 1883-1933  Search this
Names:
Milwaukee Public Museum  Search this
Satterlee, John V.  Search this
Extent:
26 Photographic prints
11 copy negatives
Culture:
Menominee (Menomini)  Search this
Sac and Fox (Sauk & Fox)  Search this
Minnesota Chippewa [Leech Lake, Minnesota]  Search this
Minnesota Chippewa [Mille Lacs, Minnesota]  Search this
Lake Superior Chippewa [Lac du Flambeau, Wisconsin]  Search this
Ho-Chunk (Winnebago)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Copy negatives
Place:
Minnesota
Wisconsin
Iowa
Date:
1921-1924
Summary:
This collection includes photographs made by Huron H. Smith during his ethnobotanical studies among Native communities in Wisconsin, Iowa and Minnesota between 1921 and 1924. These include photographs made among the Menominee (Menomini), Minnesota Chippewa [Mille Lacs and Leech Lake], Lake Superior Chippewa [Lac du Flambeau, Wisconsin], Ho-Chunk (Winnebago), Sac and Fox (Sauk & Fox) on the Mesquakie Indian Settlement in Tama, Iowa.
Scope and Contents:
This collection includes 26 photographic prints (11 copy negatives) made by ethnobotanist Huron H. Smith during field work for the Milwaukee Public Museum in 1921-1924. Many of the photographs are portraits of Native community members wearing traditional outifts or demonstrating local plant use, such as mat making.

Six photographs are from Smith's 1921-1922 trip to the Menominee (Menomini) reservation in Wisconsin. These include portraits of John Valentine Satterlee, Smith's guide and interpreter, and the Satterlee family. There are also as well as several restricted photographs of a Menominee cemetery and of the Menomini Spirit Rock. Seven photographs are from Smith's 1923 trip to the Meskwaki (Sac and Fox (Sauk & Fox)) Reservation in Tama, Iowa. These include portraits of William Davenport, Charles Keosatok and wife Qua-tau-che, White Breast and his family, and doctor John McIntosh (Kepeosatok). There are also several restricted images of Sac and Fox (Sauk & Fox) cemeteries.

Eleven photographs are from Smith's 1923-1924 trips to the Lac du Flambeau Reservation in Wisconsin, working among the Lake Superior Chippewa, and to the Leech Lake and Mille Lacs Reservations in Minnesota, working among the Minnesota Chippewa. Images made in Lac de Flambeau include portraits of Big George Skye, John White Feather (We-bu-ju-o-no-kwe) and wife Na-Wa-Que Go-Kwe, We hre-gu-o-no-kwe, Chief A-mi-kons and wife Pa-ma-ju-o-no-kwe, and Maxiwika [Ho-Chunk (Winnebago)]. Also included are scenic views of a Lac De Flambeau village and a view shot during a Lake Superior Chippewa community dance. Images made in Minnesota include portraits of John Smith, Young Duck and Ajoybenais. There is also a photograph of the balsam Wigwam used by Huron Smith in Leech Lake and a restricted image of a Minnesota Chippewa cemetery. There is also a portrait of Stockbridge Mahican woman Harriet Quinney also taken in 1923.

Some of these photographs were included as illustrations in Smith's articles "Ethnobotany of the Menominee Indians," "Ethnobotany of the Meskwaki Indians," and "Ethnobotany of the Ojibwe Indians" in the Bulletin of the Public Museum of the City of Milwaukee.

The copy negatives were created by the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation (NMAI's predecessor museum) during a photo conservation project in the 1960s.
Photographic prints: P10326-P10351. Copy Negatives: N20758, N36526-N36532, N38018-N38020
Arrangement:
Physcially arranged by catalog number. Intellectually arranged chronologically by community and then catalog number.
Biographical / Historical:
Huron Herbert Smith was born in Danville, Indiana in 1883. After receiving degrees from De Pauw and Cornell Universities he served as assistant curator of Botany at the Field Museum of Natural History from 1907 and 1917. In 1917, Smith began working at the Milwaukee Public Museum as head of the Botany Department. Throughout the 1920s and 1930s Smith conducted studies on the use of plant by Native American communities in Wisconsin and surrounding states. This research was supported by then-Museum director Samuel Barrett and anthropologist Alanson Skinner. Smith's ethnobotanical studies began on the Menominee Reservation in Wisconsin (1921-1923), and were followed by trips to the Meskwaki (Sac and Fox (Sauk & Fox)) Reservation in Tama, Iowa (1923), the Lac du Flambeau Reservation in Vilas County, Wisconsin and the Leech Lake Reservation in Minnesota (1923-1924), the Potawatomi bands in Forest County, Wisconsin (1925), the Ho-Chunk (Winnebago) south of Wisconsin Rapids (1928), and the Oneida Reservation in Wisconsin (1929).

Smith's work came to a sudden end with his death in 1933 as the result of an automobile accident. At the time of his death, four manuscripts had been published (Smith 1923, 1928, 1932, 1933), one was in process and published in 1998 by Kindscher & Hurlburt, and field notes remained for a sixth on the Oneida.

For more information on Huron Smith see the Milwaukee Public Museum's website on their Ethnobotany collections: http://archive.mpm.edu/research-collections/botany/online-collections-research/ethnobotany.
Related Materials:
A large collection of Huron H. Smith photographs and field notes can be found in the Milwaukee Public Museum Archives.
Provenance:
Gift of Charles Schoewe in 1932.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu). Several photographs have been restricted due to cultural sensitivity.
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Topic:
Ethnobotany  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Huron H. Smith photograph collection, image #, NMAI.AC.145; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.145
See more items in:
Huron H. Smith photograph collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-145
Online Media:

Shaman's wand/baton (Image withheld)

Culture/People:
Chachilla (Cayapas)  Search this
Collector:
Samuel A. Barrett (Samuel Alfred Barrett/S.A. Barrett), Non-Indian, 1879-1965  Search this
Expedition sponsor:
Marie A. Heye (Marie Antoinette Lawrence Heye), Non-Indian, 1845-1915  Search this
Object Name:
Shaman's wand/baton (Image withheld)
Media/Materials:
Wood
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Ceremonial/Ritual items: Shamanic objects
Place:
Río Cayapas; Esmeraldas Province; Ecuador
Catalog Number:
2/3722
Barcode:
023722.000
See related items:
Chachilla (Cayapas)
Ceremonial/Ritual items: Shamanic objects
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_25187
Online Media:

Animal tooth/teeth (Image withheld)

Culture/People:
Chachilla (Cayapas)  Search this
Collector:
Samuel A. Barrett (Samuel Alfred Barrett/S.A. Barrett), Non-Indian, 1879-1965  Search this
Expedition sponsor:
Marie A. Heye (Marie Antoinette Lawrence Heye), Non-Indian, 1845-1915  Search this
Object Name:
Animal tooth/teeth (Image withheld)
Media/Materials:
Jaguar tooth/teeth
Techniques:
Drilled
Object Type:
Ceremonial/Ritual items
Place:
Río Cayapas; Esmeraldas Province; Ecuador
Catalog Number:
2/3962
Barcode:
023962.000
See related items:
Chachilla (Cayapas)
Ceremonial/Ritual items
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_25582
Online Media:

Shaman's equipment (Image withheld)

Culture/People:
Chachilla (Cayapas)  Search this
Collector:
Samuel A. Barrett (Samuel Alfred Barrett/S.A. Barrett), Non-Indian, 1879-1965  Search this
Expedition sponsor:
Marie A. Heye (Marie Antoinette Lawrence Heye), Non-Indian, 1845-1915  Search this
Object Name:
Shaman's equipment (Image withheld)
Media/Materials:
Stone
Techniques:
Unmodified
Object Type:
Ceremonial/Ritual items: Shamanic objects
Place:
Río Cayapas; Esmeraldas Province; Ecuador
Catalog Number:
2/3958
Barcode:
023958.000
See related items:
Chachilla (Cayapas)
Ceremonial/Ritual items: Shamanic objects
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_25578
Online Media:

Shaman's equipment (Image withheld)

Culture/People:
Chachilla (Cayapas)  Search this
Collector:
Samuel A. Barrett (Samuel Alfred Barrett/S.A. Barrett), Non-Indian, 1879-1965  Search this
Expedition sponsor:
Marie A. Heye (Marie Antoinette Lawrence Heye), Non-Indian, 1845-1915  Search this
Object Name:
Shaman's equipment (Image withheld)
Media/Materials:
Stone
Techniques:
Unmodified
Object Type:
Ceremonial/Ritual items: Shamanic objects
Place:
Río Cayapas; Esmeraldas Province; Ecuador
Catalog Number:
2/3959
Barcode:
023959.000
See related items:
Chachilla (Cayapas)
Ceremonial/Ritual items: Shamanic objects
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_25579
Online Media:

Shaman's equipment (Image withheld)

Culture/People:
Chachilla (Cayapas)  Search this
Collector:
Samuel A. Barrett (Samuel Alfred Barrett/S.A. Barrett), Non-Indian, 1879-1965  Search this
Expedition sponsor:
Marie A. Heye (Marie Antoinette Lawrence Heye), Non-Indian, 1845-1915  Search this
Object Name:
Shaman's equipment (Image withheld)
Media/Materials:
Stone
Techniques:
Unmodified
Object Type:
Ceremonial/Ritual items: Shamanic objects
Place:
Río Cayapas; Esmeraldas Province; Ecuador
Catalog Number:
2/3961
Barcode:
023961.000
See related items:
Chachilla (Cayapas)
Ceremonial/Ritual items: Shamanic objects
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_25581
Online Media:

James Henri Howard Papers

Correspondent:
Woolworth, Alan R.  Search this
Weslager, C.A.  Search this
Witthoft, John  Search this
Swauger, James Lee  Search this
Turnbull, Colin  Search this
Horn, Frances L.  Search this
Garcia, Louis  Search this
Fogelson, Raymond D.  Search this
Hodge, William  Search this
Hayink, J.  Search this
Feder, Norman  Search this
Ervin, Sam J. Jr  Search this
Feraca, Stephen E., 1934-  Search this
Feest, Christian F.  Search this
Cree, Charlie  Search this
Davis, Edward Mott  Search this
De Busk, Charles R.  Search this
Iadarola, Angelo  Search this
Brasser, Ted J.  Search this
Bunge, Gene  Search this
Cavendish, Richard  Search this
Clifton, James A.  Search this
DeMallie, Raymond  Search this
Blake, Leonard W.  Search this
Dean, Nora Thompson  Search this
Spier, Leslie, 1893-1961  Search this
Smith, John L.  Search this
Swanton, John Robert  Search this
Sturtevant, William C.  Search this
Peterson, John H.  Search this
Paredes, J. Anthony  Search this
Schleisser, Karl H.  Search this
Reed, Nelson A.  Search this
Medford, Claude W.  Search this
Lurie, Nancy Oestreich  Search this
Opler, Morris Edward  Search this
Nettl, Bruno, 1930-  Search this
Kraft, Herbert C.  Search this
Johnson, Michael G.  Search this
Lindsey-Levine, Victoria  Search this
Kurath, Gertrude  Search this
Adams, Richard N. (Richard Newbold), 1924-  Search this
Allen, James H.  Search this
Barksdale, Mary Lee  Search this
Battise, Jack  Search this
Creator:
Howard, James H., 1925-1982 (James Henri)  Search this
Names:
Lone Star Steel Company  Search this
Extent:
10.25 Linear feet
Culture:
Seminole Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Dakota Indians  Search this
Shawnee Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Creek Indians  Search this
Chippewa  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Ojibwa Indians  Search this
Cheyenne Indians  Search this
Chickasaw Indians  Search this
Choctaw Indians  Search this
Yanktonai Indians  Search this
Seneca Indians  Search this
Yuchee  Search this
Omaha Indians  Search this
Iroquois Indians  Search this
Cherokee Indians  Search this
Arikara Indians  Search this
Potawatomi Indians  Search this
Pawnee Indians  Search this
Ponca Indians  Search this
Micmac Indians  Search this
Kickapoo Indians  Search this
Sauk and Fox Nation  Search this
Menominee Indians  Search this
Delaware Indians  Search this
Oto Indians  Search this
Tonkawa Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
Oklahoma -- Archeology
Date:
1824-1992
bulk 1950-1982
Summary:
To a considerable degree, the James H. Howard papers consist of manuscript copies of articles, book, speeches, and reviews that document his professional work in anthropology, ethnology, ethnohistory, archeology, linguistics, musicology, and folklore between 1950 and 1982. Among these are a few unpublished items. Notes are relatively scant, there being somewhat appreciable materials for the Chippewa, Choctaw, Creek, Dakota, Omaha, Ponca, Seminole, and Shawnee. The chief field materials represented in the collection are sound recordings and photographs, but many of the latter are yet to be unidentified. A series of color photographs of Indian artifacts in folders are mostly identified and represent the extensive American Indian Cultural collection of costumes and artifacts that Howard acquired and created. Other documents include copies of papers and other research materials of colleagues. There is very little original material related to archeological work in the collection and that which is present concerns contract work for the Lone State Steel Company.
Scope and Contents:
The James Henri Howard papers document his research and professional activities from 1949-1982 and primarily deal with his work as an anthropologist, archeologist, and ethnologist, studying Native American languages & cultures. The collection consists of Series 1 correspondence; Series 2 writings and research, which consists of subject files (language and culture research materials), manuscripts, research proposals, Indian claim case materials, Howard's publications, publications of others, and bibliographical materials; Series 3 sound recordings of Native American music and dance; Series 4 photographs; and Series 5 drawings and artwork.

Howard was also a linguist, musicologist, and folklorist, as well as an informed and able practitioner in the fields of dance and handicrafts. His notable books include Choctaw Music and Dance; Oklahoma Seminoles: Medicines, Magic, and Religion; and Shawnee! The Ceremonialism of a Native American Tribe and its Cultural Backround.

Some materials are oversize, specifcially these three Winter Count items: 1. a Dakota Winter Count made of cloth in 1953 at the request of James H. Howard, 2. a drawing of British Museum Winter Count on 4 sheets of paper, and 3. Photographs of a Winter Count.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged in 5 series: Series 1. Correspondence, 1960-1982, undated; Series 2. Writings and Research, 1824-1992; Series 3. Sound Recordings, 1960-1979; Series 4. Photographs, 1879-1985; Series 5. Drawings and Artwork, 1928-1982.
Chronology:
1925 -- James Henri Howard was born on September 10 in Redfield, South Dakota.

1949 -- Received his Bachelor of Arts from the University of Nebraska.

1950 -- Received his Master of Arts from the University of Nebraska and began a prolific record of publishing.

1950-1953 -- Began his first professional employment as an archaeologist and preparator at the North Dakota State Historical Museum in Bismarck.

1955-1957 -- Was a museum lecturer at the Kansas City (Missouri) Museum.

1957 -- James H. Howard received his Ph.D. at the University of Michigan. Joined the staff of the Smithsonian's River Basin Surveys in the summer.

1957-1963 -- Taught anthropology at the University of North Dakota.

1962 -- Chief archeologist at the Fortress of Louisberg Archeological Project in Nova Scotia.

1963-1968 -- Taught anthropology at the University of South Dakota; State Archeologist of South Dakota; Director of the W. H. Over Dakota Museum.

1963-1966 -- Director of the Institute of Indian Studies, University of South Dakota.

1968-1982 -- Associate professor of anthropology at Oklahoma State University at Stillwater (became a full professor in 1971).

1979 -- Consulted for exhibitions at the Western Heritage Museum in Omaha, Nebraska.

1982 -- Died October 1 after a brief illness.
Biographical/Historical note:
James H. Howard was trained in anthropology at the University of Nebraska (B.A., 1949; M.A., 1950) and the University of Michigan (Ph.D., 1957). In 1950-1953, he served as archeologist and preparator at the North Dakota State Historical Museum; and, in 1955-1957, he was on the staff of the Kansas City (Missouri) Museum. During the summer of 1957, he joined the staff of the Smithsonian's River Basin Surveys. Between 1957 and 1963, he taught anthropology at the Universtity of North Dakota. Between 1963 and 1968, he served in several capacities with the University of South Dakota including assistant and associate professor, director of the Institute of Indian Studies (1963-1966), and Director of the W.H. Over Museum (1963-1968). In 1968, he joined the Department of Sociology at Oklahoma State University, where he achieved the rank of professor in 1970. In 1979, he was a consultant for exhibitions at the Western Heritage Museum in Omaha, Nebraska.

Howard's abiding interest were the people of North America, whom he studied both as an ethnologist and archeologist. Between 1949 and 1982, he worked with the Ponca, Omaha, Yankton and Yaktonai Dakota, Yamasee, Plains Ojibwa (or Bungi), Delaware, Seneca-Cayuga, Prairie Potatwatomi of Kansas, Mississipi and Oklahoma Choctaw, Oklahoma Seminole, and Pawnee. His interest in these people varied from group to group. With some he carried out general culture studies; with other, special studies of such phenomena as ceremonies, art, dance, and music. For some, he was interest in environmental adaptation and land use, the latter particularly for the Pawnee, Yankton Dakota, Plains Ojibwa, Turtle Mountain Chippewa, and Ponca, for which he served as consultant and expert witness in suits brought before the United Stated Indian Claims Commisssion. A long-time museum man, Howard was also interested in items of Indian dress, articles associated with ceremonies, and other artifacts. He was "a thoroughgoing participant-observer and was a member of the Ponca Hethuska Society, a sharer in ceremonial activities of many Plains tribes, and a first-rate 'powwow man'." (American Anthropologist 1986, 88:692).

As an archeologist, Howard worked at Like-a-Fishhook Village in North Dakota, Spawn Mound and other sites in South Dakota, Gavin Point in Nebraska and South Dakota, Weston and Hogshooter sites in Oklahoma, and the Fortess of Louisbourg in Nova Scotia. He also conducted surveys for the Lone Star Steel Company in Haskall, Latimer, Le Flore and Pittsburg counties in Oklahoma.
Related Materials:
Howard's American Indian Cultural Collection of Costumes and Artifacts, that he acquired and created during his lifetime, is currently located at the Milwaukee Public Museum. In Boxes 19-21 of the James Henri Howard Papers, there are photographs with accompanying captions and descriptions in binders of his American Indian Cultural Collection of Costumes and Artifacts that his widow, Elfriede Heinze Howard, created in order to sell the collection to a museum.
Provenance:
These papers were donated to the National Anthropological Archives by James Henri Howard's wife, Elfriede Heinz Howard, in 1988-1990, 1992, & 1994.
Restrictions:
The James Henri Howard papers are open for research. Access to the James Henri Howard papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Ethnology -- United States  Search this
Ethnomusicology  Search this
Folklore -- American Indian  Search this
Powwows  Search this
Citation:
James Henri Howard Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.1994-30
See more items in:
James Henri Howard Papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-1994-30
Online Media:

Milwaukee Public Museum, 1990

Collection Creator::
National Museum of the American Indian. Office of the Deputy Director  Search this
Container:
Box 3 of 5
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 93-138, National Museum of the American Indian. Office of the Deputy Director, Project Management and Projects Files
See more items in:
Project Management and Projects Files
Project Management and Projects Files / Box 3
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa93-138-refidd1e1465

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