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Thomas Carr Howe papers

Creator:
Howe, Thomas Carr, 1904-1994  Search this
Names:
Allied Forces. Supreme Headquarters. Monuments, Fine Arts and Archives Section  Search this
Bohemian Club (San Francisco, Calif.)  Search this
California Palace of the Legion of Honor  Search this
M.H. de Young Memorial Museum  Search this
United States. Army. Monuments, Fine Arts and Archives Section  Search this
Berenson, Bernard, 1865-1959  Search this
Cronyn, Hume  Search this
Faison, S. Lane (Samson Lane), 1907-2006  Search this
Göring, Hermann, 1893-1946  Search this
Hancock, Walker Kirtland, 1901-1998  Search this
Kelleher, Patrick J. (Patrick Joseph), 1917-  Search this
Mallory, Margaret, 1911-1998  Search this
Mills, Paul Chadbourne, 1924-  Search this
Moore, Lamont  Search this
Ritchie, Andrew Carnduff  Search this
Rorimer, James J. (James Joseph), 1905-1966  Search this
Standen, Edith Appleton  Search this
Stout, George L. (George Leslie)  Search this
Valland, Rose  Search this
Wittmann, Otto, 1911-2001  Search this
Extent:
4.4 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scrapbooks
Sound recordings
Photographs
Date:
1932-1984
Summary:
The Thomas Carr Howe papers measure 4.4 linear feet and date from 1932 to 1984. Howe was director of the California Palace of the Legion of Honor in San Francisco for nearly 40 years, and he served as one of the Monuments Men in the Monuments, Fine Art and Archives (MFAA) Section of the U.S. Army during World War II. The collection documents Howe's MFAA work in Germany and Austria locating and recovering cultural artifacts and artwork stolen by the Nazis. There is significant correspondence with friends and colleagues, as well as fellow Monuments Men such as Samson Lane Faison, Edith Standen, and George Stout. The papers also includes reports, inventories of stolen artwork, maps, annotated photographs, a scrapbook, and photographs. The papers also document Howe's later work at the California Palace of the Legion of Honor.
Scope and Content Note:
The Thomas Carr Howe papers measure 4.4 linear feet and date from 1932 to 1984. Howe was director of the California Palace of the Legion of Honor in San Francisco for nearly 40 years, and he served as one of the Monuments Men in the Monuments, Fine Art and Archives (MFAA) Section of the U.S. Army during World War II. The collection documents Howe's MFAA work in Germany and Austria locating and recovering cultural artifacts and artwork stolen by the Nazis. There is significant correspondence with friends and colleagues, as well as fellow Monuments Men such as Samson Lane Faison, Edith Standen, and George Stout. The papers also includes reports, inventories of stolen artwork, maps, annotated photographs, a scrapbook, and photographs. The papers also document Howe's later work at the California Palace of the Legion of Honor.

Biographical materials include articles and memorial tributes for Howe's father and grandfather, a short autobiography and resume, and the certificate for the copyright to his book.

The bulk of the collection consists of correspondence, the most voluminous of which are letters from Monuments Men S. Lane Faison, Patrick J. Kelleher, Andrew C. Ritchie, Edith Standen, George Stout, Marcelle Minet, Rose Valland, James Rorimer, and others. Additional correspondents include friends and colleagues such as Bernard Berenson, Hume Cronyn, Paul Mills, Christopher Forbes, Margaret Mallory, William A. McGonagle, and Otto Wittman, among many others

Writings include a brief summary of Howe's book Salt Mines and Castles and a sound cassette of his lecture about the book. Project, membership and travel files are primarily associated with his professional work at the California Palace of the Legion of Honor and include documentation of member art trips, a feasibility study for merging the California Palace of the Legion of Honor with the M. H. de Young Memorial Museum, and a membership list of the Bohemian Club.

The Monuments, Fine Arts and Archives (MFAA) Records and Looted Inventories series contain many records relating to Howe's military service as a Monuments Man. There are several inventory records which contain lists of the contents of Hermann Göring's collection of looted artwork, artwork destroyed in the Flak towers fire in Berlin, and artwork held at several of the central collecting points, though mostly at Weisbaden. There is also a small fold out map of the Altausse salt mines; a U.S. government issued manual of maps marking important cultural monuments and artwork in Germany; a book of U.S. government regulations pertaining to the MFAA section; a government information bulletin; and several official status reports and published U.S. government reports about art looting investigations and safeguarding cultural property.

Professional files consist of papers relating to Howe's job as the director of the California Palace of the Legion of Honor and art trips he organized. Documents include a survey of Los Angeles museum curator salaries, a questionnaire about Howe's work as a museum director, and a membership list of Bohemian Club artists. The bulk of the travel papers are itineraries.

The photographs are divided into two subseries: MFAA Section images and personal photographs. The Monuments Men subseries includes photographs documenting bomb damage to cultural monuments in various countries, though mainly Germany; U.S. soldiers transporting recovered artwork such as Michelangelo's Madonna and Child from the Altaussee salt mines in Austria, and other looted art repositories such as Neuschwanstein Castle and Berchtesgaden in Germany; Weisbaden and Munich collecting points; and art recovery of The Adoration of the Mystic Lamb by Hubert and Jan van Eyck. There are many photographs of the Monuments Men including Thomas Carr Howe, George Stout, Stephen Kovalyak, Lamont Moore, Patrick J. Kelleher, Edith Standen, and Rose Valland. Personal photographs consists of portraits of Howe and photographs of events, mostly formal dinners and parties.

Printed materials are clippings, postcards, fundraising pamphlets, essays, and memorial tributes for colleagues.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 10 series:

Series 1: Biographical Materials, 1934-1955, 1974 (Box 1; 6 folders)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1932-1984 (Box 1-3; 2.1 linear feet)

Series 3: Writings, circa 1946 (Box 3; 2 folders)

Series 4: Professional Files, circa 1945-1975 (Box 3, 5; 0.3 linear feet folders)

Series 5: Monuments, Fine Arts and Archives Records and Looted Inventories, circa 1942-1950 (Box 3, 5, OV 6; 0.3 linear feet)

Series 6: Photographs, 1938-1970 (Box 3-5; 1.2 linear feet)

Series 7: Scrapbook, 1936-1948 (Box 4; 0.1 linear feet)

Series 8: Printed Materials, 1934-1980 (Box 4; 0.4 linear feet)
Biographical Note:
Thomas Carr Howe, Jr. (1904-1994) served as the director of the California Palace of the Legion of Honor in San Francisco for nearly four decades and, during World War II, as an officer in the U.S. Army's Monuments, Fine Arts and Archives unit assisting with locating, recovering, and restituting cultural objects and artwork stolen by the Nazis.

Howe was born in Kokomo, Indiana in 1904. He studied at Harvard University where he received his bachelor's and master's degrees. Howe was the assistant director of the California Palace of the Legion of Honor in San Francisco from 1931-1939 and director from 1939-1968. Howe was also the art commissioner for the San Francisco Golden Gate International Exposition (1939-1940) for which he organized an exhibition showcasing Mexican muralists.

During World War II, Howe joined the U.S. army and served from 1945 to 1946 in Germany and Austria. He began as a naval lieutenant but was soon assigned to serve in the Monuments, Fine Arts and Archives (MFAA) section. Howe reported to Lieutenant Commander George Stout at Wiesbaden, and was later promoted to Lieutenant Commander and Deputy Chief of the MFAA at Frankfurt. During his service as one of the "Monuments Men" Howe located hidden and recovered large repositories of cultural objects and works of art stolen by the Nazis. He also helped with the restitution effort. At the Altaussee salt mines in Austria, Howe helped salvage a large cache of stolen artwork that included Michelangelo's Madonna and Child and the Ghent Altarpiece or The Adoration of the Mystic Lamb by Hubert and Jan van Eyck, Vermeer's The Artists Studio, and the Rothschild family jewels. Howe later described his wartime work in his book Salt Mines and Castles: The Discovery and Restitution of Looted European Art (1946).

Howe resumed his position as the director of the California Palace of the Legion on Honor after the war, a position he held until his retirement in 1968. Through his career as a prominent art director, Howe was close with many American and international museum professionals, collectors and socialites. Friends and colleagues include Agnes Mongan and Paul Sachs (both former directors of Harvard's Fogg Museum), Whitney Warren, and Gerda and Hans-Erich Von Schmidt auf Altenstadt.

For his wartime service as a Monuments Men, Howe was honored with the Chevalier of the French Legion of Honor and the Officier of the Dutch Order of Orange-Nassau in 1946. At the request of the federal government, Howe also later served as the Cultural Affairs Advisor to the High Commissioner of Germany from 1950-1951, during which time he returned to Germany with S. Lane Faison, another MFAA official, to assist with closing the central collecting points where the recovered artworks has been held for restitution. From 1960-1968, Howe was a member of the Fine Arts Committee for The White House and he continued to serve on numerous panels and commissions as an art advisor.

Howe married Francesca Deering. Together they had one daughter Francesca.
Related Material:
Among the holdings of the Archives of American are the papers of several additional members of the U. S. Army MFAA section. There is an oral history interview with Thomas Carr Howe and Robert Neuhaus conducted by Paul Karlstrom and Peter Fairbanks on September 26, 1987 and another with Howe conducted by Paul Karlstrom on June 2-3, 1976.
Provenance:
Thomas Carr Howe donated his papers to the Archives of American Art in multiple installments from 1979 to 1982.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Arts administrators -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945 -- Destruction and pillage -- Europe  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Confiscations and contributions -- Germany  Search this
Cultural property -- Protection -- Europe -- History -- 20th century  Search this
Art thefts -- Germany -- History -- 20th century  Search this
Museum directors -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Art treasures in war -- Germany  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Art and the war  Search this
Art treasures in war -- France  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Sound recordings
Photographs
Citation:
Thomas Carr Howe papers, 1932-1984. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.howethom
See more items in:
Thomas Carr Howe papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-howethom
Online Media:

David Park papers

Creator:
Park, David, 1911-1960  Search this
Names:
Bruno, Phillip A.  Search this
Mills, Paul Chadbourne, 1924-  Search this
Staempfli, George W.  Search this
Extent:
0.6 Linear feet ((microfilmed on 3 reels))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1917-1973
Scope and Contents:
Correspondence; artwork; sketchbooks; photographs and slides; list of works and receipts; a master's thesis; and a calendar.
REEL 849: Lists of works and receipts; master's thesis by Paul Mills, "David Park and the New Figurative Painting," 1962; drawings and sketches; photographs of Park's works.
REELS 3001-3002: Correspondence of David and Lydia Park, 1959-1966, with George W. Staempfli and Phillip A. Bruno of Staempfli Gallery, and with the Park's attorney concerning the estate; 55 original works, in oil, pastel, ink, pencil and watercolor; 3 undated sketchbooks of figure and landscape studies; 51 photographs and slides of paintings by Park; a November 1971 calendar from Santa Barbara Museum of Art announcing the acquisition of Park's THREE NUDES; and miscellany.
Biographical / Historical:
Painter, teacher; California. Park taught at the California School of Fine Arts from 1943-1952. Worked in Bay Area figurative painting style.
Provenance:
Material on reel 849 lent for microfilming 1974 and material on reels 3001-3002 donated 1974 by Lydia Park Moore, widow of Park.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Painters -- California  Search this
Art teachers -- California  Search this
Topic:
Painting, Modern -- 20th century -- California  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching -- California  Search this
Art, Modern -- 20th century -- California -- San Francisco Bay Area  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.parkdavi
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-parkdavi

O California! : nineteenth and early twentieth century California landscapes and observations / edited by Stephen Vincent ; preface by Kevin Starr ; paintings selected by Paul Mills

Author:
Vincent, Stephen 1941-  Search this
Mills, Paul Chadbourne 1924-  Search this
Physical description:
xxviii, 271 p. : col. ill. ; 32 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
California
Date:
1990
C1990
Topic:
Landscapes  Search this
Authors, American--Travel  Search this
In art  Search this
In literature  Search this
Description and travel  Search this
Call number:
F861.O18 1990X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_378064

The Buffalo Hunter and other related versions of the subject in nineteenth-century American art and literature / Paul Chadbourne Mills

Title:
Tribute to Paul Mills
Author:
Mills, Paul Chadbourne 1924-  Search this
Santa Barbara Museum of Art  Search this
Subject:
Santa Barbara Museum of Art  Search this
Physical description:
48 p. : ill. ; 26 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
West (U.S.)
Date:
2005
1973
C2005
Topic:
American bison in art  Search this
Indians in art  Search this
In art  Search this
Call number:
N8214.5.U6 M47 2005
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_829563

The Buffalo Hunter and other related versions of the subject in nineteenth century American art and literature / Paul Chadbourne Mills

Author:
Mills, Paul Chadbourne 1924-  Search this
Santa Barbara Museum of Art  Search this
Subject:
Santa Barbara Museum of Art  Search this
Physical description:
p. 131-172 : ill. (some col.) ; 26 cm
Type:
Books
In art
Place:
North America
West (U.S.)
Date:
1973
C1973
Topic:
American bison in art  Search this
Indian art  Search this
Call number:
N8214.5.U6 M47 1973
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_627870

The Figurative mode : Bay Area painting, 1956-1966

Title:
Bay Area painting, 1956-1966
Author:
Knight, Christopher 1950 Nov. 23-  Search this
Mills, Paul Chadbourne 1924- Contemporary Bay Area figurative painting Selections  Search this
Grey Art Gallery & Study Center  Search this
Newport Harbor Art Museum  Search this
Physical description:
51 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 27 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Place:
California
San Francisco Bay Area
Date:
1984
C1984
20th century
Topic:
Painting, American  Search this
Figurative art--Exhibitions  Search this
Call number:
ND235.S4 F54 1984
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_508334

Contemporary bay area figurative painting : an introduction to new works by a number of bay area painters, presented in connection with the exhibition held September, 1957. Commentary by Paul Mills

Author:
Mills, Paul Chadbourne 1924-  Search this
Oakland Art Museum  Search this
Physical description:
24 p., [12] p. of plates : illus. ; 21 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Place:
California
San Francisco Bay Area
Date:
1957
20th century
Topic:
Painting, American  Search this
Figurative painting, American--Exhibitions  Search this
Call number:
ND235.S4 C66 1957
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_549504

A gallery of California mission paintings by Edwin Deakin. / Edited by Ruth I. Mahood. Additional texts by Paul Mills and Donald Cutter. Produced by the staff of the History Division, Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History

Author:
Deakin, Edwin  Search this
Mills, Paul Chadbourne 1924-  Search this
Cutter, Donald C  Search this
Mahood, Ruth I (Ruth Ione)  Search this
Subject:
Deakin, Edwin  Search this
Physical description:
58 p. col. illus. 21 x 24 cm
Type:
Pictorial works
Place:
California
Date:
1966
Topic:
Spanish mission buildings  Search this
Call number:
N40.1.D2768 M2 1966
N40.1.D2768M2 1966
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_400806

The David Park Scroll / afterword by Paul C. Mills

Author:
Park, David 1911-1960  Search this
Mills, Paul Chadbourne 1924-  Search this
Subject:
Park, David 1911-1960 Themes, motives  Search this
Physical description:
1 v. (unpaged) : all col. ill. ; 19 x 30 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1989
C1989
Call number:
N40.1.P235x M65 1989
N40.1.P235xM65 1989
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_381806

The new figurative art of David Park / by Paul Mills

Author:
Mills, Paul Chadbourne 1924-  Search this
Park, David 1911-1960  Search this
Oakland Museum  Search this
Subject:
Park, David 1911-1960 Criticism and interpretation  Search this
Physical description:
127 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1988
C1988
Call number:
N40.1.P235 M65n 1988
N40.1.P235M65n 1988
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_381807

Early paintings of California in the Robert B. Honeyman, Jr., collection; an exhibition of paintings and drawings by some of the earliest artists to depict California ... Edited by Paul Mills, with a foreword by Joseph R. Knowland. The archives of California art, Oakland Art Museum, 1956

Author:
Honeyman, Robert B  Search this
Mills, Paul Chadbourne 1924-  Search this
Oakland Art Museum  Search this
Archives of California art  Search this
Physical description:
47 p. illus. 22 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Pictorial works
Aerial views
Place:
California
Date:
1956
1956]
Topic:
Painting, American  Search this
Painting--Exhibitions  Search this
History  Search this
Call number:
ND230.C2 H77
ND230.C2H77
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_186560

New glory : a flag history and design project for the American Revolution Bicentennial

Author:
Mills, Paul Chadbourne 1924-  Search this
Santa Barbara Museum of Art  Search this
National Endowment for the Arts  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Traveling Exhibition Service  Search this
Physical description:
2 v. : ill. (some) col. ; 29 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Place:
United States
Date:
1975
C1975-c1976
Topic:
Flags  Search this
American Revolution Bicentennial, 1976  Search this
Call number:
E289 .N52X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_93523

Mark Adams : catalogue raisonné of tapestries / essays by Melissa Leventon, Paul Chadbourne Mills

Author:
Leventon, Melissa  Search this
Mills, Paul Chadbourne 1924-  Search this
San Jose Museum of Quilts & Textiles  Search this
Subject:
Adams, Mark 1925-2006  Search this
Adams, Mark 1925-2006  Search this
San Jose Museum of Quilts & Textiles  Search this
Physical description:
181 p. : col. ill. 1 x 34 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Catalogues raisonnés
Place:
United States
Date:
2012
C2012
20th century
Topic:
Tapestry  Search this
Call number:
N40.1.A219 S36 2012
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1020912

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