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The Enemy is Listening

Issuing body:
Office of Facts and Figures  Search this
Creator:
Office of Facts and Figures  Search this
War Department.. Military Intelligence Division  Search this
Collection Creator:
Princeton University  Search this
Extent:
1 Poster (1/2 size; Multi-color, Text Only, 71 x 50.5 cm)
Container:
Map-folder 13
Type:
Archival materials
Posters
Place:
United States
Local numbers:
Princeton Poster# 104
General:
Issued by: Office of Facts and Figures

Issued for: Military Intelligence Division, War Department
Locale:
Office of Naval Intelligence, Navy Department, F.B.I, Dept. of Justice
Printing Info:
Printer: (U.S.) G.P.O., Other Printing Info: 16-26463-1
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Copyright status of items varies. Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Careless talk  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Posters -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Posters
Posters -- World War, 1939-1945 -- United States
Collection Citation:
Princeton University Posters Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Princeton University Poster Collection
Princeton University Poster Collection / Series 4: World War Two / United States
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8c097739e-1ab0-40f1-9756-fb3de35ab501
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0433-ref14884

History of cryptography and cryptanalysis codes, ciphers, and their algorithms John F. Dooley

Title:
Codes, ciphers, and their algorithms
Author:
Dooley, John 1952-  Search this
Physical description:
xiv, 303 pages illustrations (some colour) 25 cm
Type:
Books
History
Date:
2018
Topic:
Cryptography--History  Search this
Data encryption (Computer science)--History  Search this
Cryptography  Search this
Data encryption (Computer science)  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1153443

Day of Remembrance at the Smithsonian - Remarks by Secretary Eric K. Shinseki

Creator:
Smithsonian Asian Pacific American Center  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2012-02-24T18:50:31.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
Asian Americans  Search this
See more by:
apaprogram
Data Source:
Smithsonian Asian Pacific American Center
YouTube Channel:
apaprogram
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_iopVY0VgF0c

Official Duties, 'Report of Action Taken at the Lockbourne Air Force Base, Columbus 17, Ohio, to Prepare Personnel for Implementation of AF Letter 35-3, 11 May 1949 - 2 June 1949, Incl.'

Collection Creator:
Davis, Benjamin O., Jr., 1912-  Search this
Container:
Box 7, Folder 5
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
11 May 1949-2 June 1949
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
Benjamin O. Davis, Jr. Collection, Acc. 1992.0023, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Benjamin O. Davis Jr. Collection
Benjamin O. Davis Jr. Collection / Series 2: Military Career / 2.3: Materials Arranged by Posting / 2.3.9: Lockbourne AAB/AAF/AFB (Lockbourne, OH), Base Commander
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg241ba0f76-2cea-4f95-9eda-67ad46b16828
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1992-0023-ref1843
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Benjamin Layton collection

Creator:
Layton, Benjamin  Search this
Names:
Agnew, Spiro T., 1918-1996  Search this
Ford, Gerald R., 1913-2006  Search this
Layton, Benjamin  Search this
Marshall, Thurgood, 1908-1993  Search this
Nixon, Pat, 1912-1993  Search this
Nixon, Richard M. (Richard Milhous), 1913-1994  Search this
Rockefeller, Nelson A. (Nelson Aldrich), 1908-1979  Search this
Washington, Booker T., 1856-1915  Search this
Wright, Richard, 1908-1960  Search this
Extent:
3.45 Linear feet (5 boxes; 1 folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Cartes-de-visite
Postage stamps
Programs
Tintypes
Correspondence
Newsletters
Cabinet photographs
Black-and-white photographs
Portraits
Photographic prints
Pamphlets
Photographs
Etchings
Copy prints
Date:
circa 1865-1977
Summary:
The Benjamin Layton collection documents the life, family history, and interests of Benjamin T. Layton. Items date from circa 1865 to 1977. The collection measures 3.45 linear feet and is composed of newsletters, clippings, pamphlets, newspapers, correspondence, certificates, photographs, memorabilia, books, stamps, etchings, and programs.
Scope and Contents:
The collection documents the life, family history, and collecting interests of World War II veteran and federal employee Benjamin T. Layton. Layton grew up in Virginia and settled in Kensington, Maryland. Notable aspects of the collection include nineteenth-century photographs of African Americans, photographs of Layton's family, 1970s political photographs, and first editions of Richard Wright's Black Boy and Booker T. Washington's Up from Slavery and Working with the Hands. Family photographs and memorabilia reflects the family's roots in Virginia and the Washington, D.C., area. Layton's historical photograph collection draws from photographers in the Mid-Atlantic and New England.

Items date from circa 1865 to 1977. The collection measures 3.45 linear feet and is composed of newsletters, clippings, pamphlets, newspapers, correspondence, certificates, photographs, memorabilia, books, stamps, etchings, and programs. It has been arranged in three series: Series I: Biographical Files, 1913-1977, Series II: Photographs, circa 1865-1977, and Series III: Printed Material, 1901-circa 1976. Some items in Series II and Series III are oversized.
Biographical / Historical:
Benjamin Thomas Layton was born on December 24, 1917, in Hanover, Virginia, to a prominent Virginia family. His maternal great-grandfather, Ballard Trent Edwards, was a freeborn African American man who opened a school for formerly enslaved people and served for eight years in the Virginia House of Delegates. His father, William Brown Layton, was the superintendent of the Negro Reformatory of Virginia (later the Virginia Manual Labor School), a reform school for African American boys located in Hanover County.

Layton was an athlete and scholar, playing varsity tennis and attending Virginia Union University in Richmond, Virginia. He did graduate work in social sciences at the University of Chicago and Howard University, but his studies were interrupted by the draft in 1941.

Layton served with distinction in the U.S. Army during World War II, leading truck convoys carrying soldiers, supplies, weapons, and prisoners of war during the Battle of the Bulge. He also worked in military intelligence. His last active duty assignment was commanding a military detachment in Baumholder, Germany. His decorations included the Bronze Star, which he was awarded in 1977. He attained the rank of lieutenant colonel before retiring from the Army in 1963.

From 1963 to 1966 he worked in Europe, then returned to the United States in 1966, where he was an ROTC instructor at Chamberlain Vocational High School in Washington, D.C. He left in 1967 to become an equal-opportunity specialist at the United States Department of Agriculture, from which he retired in 1985. His brother William W. Layton also lived and worked in the Washington, D.C., area.

Layton had a passion for collecting and donated coins, paper money, and military artifacts to the Smithsonian National Museum of American History. He also donated objects relating to clubs and fraternities to the Anacostia Community Museum. He was a member of numerous organizations, including the Retired Officers Association, the Reserve Officers Association of the United States, the American Legion, the Prince Hall Masons, the Kiwanis Club of Wheaton, and the Federation Nationale des Anciens Combattants, a French veterans group.

Layton was married twice, his first marriage to Irma Goode ending in divorce. He lived in Kensington, Maryland, with his second wife Marguerite, with whom he had two daughters. He died on February 15, 2001, at age 83 and is buried at Arlington National Cemetery.
Related Materials:
The Anacostia Community Museum houses more items in the Benjamin Layton Collection, including buttons, fraternity paddles, lapel pins, and medals.

Order to Report for Induction, 1941. 1993.3172.04. The Price of Freedom: Americans at War, National Museum of American History.

Notice to Appear for Physical Exam, 1940. 1993.3172.03. The Price of Freedom: Americans at War, National Museum of American History.

Layton Family Collection, 228 THL, Stewart Bell Jr. Archives, Handley Regional Library, Winchester, VA, USA.
Provenance:
The Benjamin Layton collection was donated to the Anacostia Community Museum in two accretions in 1976 and 1978 by Benjamin Layton.
Restrictions:
Use of the materials requires an appointment. Please contact the archivist to make an appointment: ACMarchives@si.edu.
Rights:
The Benjamin Layton collection is the physical property of the Anacostia Community Museum. Literary and copyright belong to the creator or their legal heirs and assigns. Rights to work produced during the normal course of Museum business resides with the Anacostia Community Museum. For further information, and to obtain permission to publish or reproduce, contact the Museum Archives.
Topic:
John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts (U.S.)  Search this
African American newspapers  Search this
African American veterans  Search this
African American military personnel  Search this
Bronze Star Medal (U.S.)  Search this
African American families  Search this
Politicians -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Cartes-de-visite
Postage stamps
Programs
Tintypes
Correspondence
Newsletters
Cabinet photographs
Black-and-white photographs
Portraits
Photographic prints
Pamphlets
Photographs
Etchings
Copy prints
Citation:
Benjamin Layton collection, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution, gift of Benjamin Layton.
Identifier:
ACMA.06-031
See more items in:
Benjamin Layton collection
Archival Repository:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/qa7a7a31ca3-471d-4043-b1cf-deb28306f0b1
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-acma-06-031
Online Media:

Organization and Strength of Soviet Air Forces [2/2]

Collection Creator:
Hardesty, Von, 1939-  Search this
Container:
Box 16, Folder 17
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1939-1940
Scope and Contents:
U. S. Military Intelligence documents. Folder 2 of 2 (reference copies)
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
Russian Aeronautical Collection, ACC. 2006-0034, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Russian Aeronautical Collection
Russian Aeronautical Collection / Series 2: Soviet Union (Interwar Years, 1918-1940)
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2fdb32339-2e26-4aaa-adbf-76025e8e0231
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2006-0034-ref2114

Military Aviation of Russia

Collection Creator:
Hardesty, Von, 1939-  Search this
Container:
Box 16, Folder 8
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1932-1938
Scope and Contents:
Three documents from Military Intelligence Division, U. S. Army. (reference copies)
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
Russian Aeronautical Collection, ACC. 2006-0034, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Russian Aeronautical Collection
Russian Aeronautical Collection / Series 2: Soviet Union (Interwar Years, 1918-1940)
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2253fde28-4020-4c6c-ba22-99f4c470e3bd
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2006-0034-ref558

Organization and Strength of Soviet Air Forces [1/2]

Collection Creator:
Hardesty, Von, 1939-  Search this
Container:
Box 16, Folder 16
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1936-1938
Scope and Contents:
U. S. Military Intelligence documents. Folder 1 of 2 (reference copies)
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
Russian Aeronautical Collection, ACC. 2006-0034, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Russian Aeronautical Collection
Russian Aeronautical Collection / Series 2: Soviet Union (Interwar Years, 1918-1940)
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg24a304142-f22c-4623-b4b7-d5c97a6c3b7b
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2006-0034-ref574

Historical Maps and Aerial Photographs [Gröschel]

Creator:
Gröschel, Dieter, 1931-  Search this
Extent:
1.46 Cubic feet ((8 containers))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Maps
Manuals
Photograph albums
Date:
bulk 1884-1941
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of approximately 1.87 cubic feet of historical maps and photographs collected by Dieter Gröschel. The maps, which are various sizes, date from approximately 1884 to 1941 and were produced in Germany, France, and England. They show parts of Russia; Germany; France; Belgium; Holland; Bavaria; and Africa; and many have hand-drawn notations including battle lines, locations of troops, etc. Some of the maps are linen-backed and designed for use in an aircraft. The collection also contains numerous black and white historical photographs including aerial photographs of Germany and France taken in 1917 and 1918; photographs of personnel, facilities, and operations relating to Feldflieger-Abteilung Nr. 5 which date from 1915 to 1918; aerial photographs taken in 1918 of Flanders and Zeebrugge by Karl Keppler and Max Greiner of Fliegerabteilung 291 (A); a French set of 32 black and white aerial photographs on ten pages, with interpretation, used for training observers in World War I; an unbound German World War I album containing black and white photographs and post cards; and a photo album belonging to a paymaster of the Jagdstaffelschule I during World War I. The album, which measures approximately 14 x 10 inches, is linen-covered and contains photographs of the front-lines in France and Italy; personnel, including members of the Lothringisches Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 144; aircraft, including crashes; and personal family photographs relating to the album's creator. Aircraft depicted in these photographs include an Albatros D Series Fighter and a captured Nieuport fighter. There is also a 3.5 x 5.5 inch color post card dating to 1915 with an illustration of French pre-World War I era infantry looking up at an Etrich Taube (Dove) type aircraft included in the collection. Finally, this collection contains a selection of manuals which includes the following titles: Instructions Concerning Battle Maps, U.S. Army War College, 1917 (Translated from French edition of 1916); List of Conventional Signs and Abbreviations in Use on French and German Maps, compiled by Second Section, General Staff (Topography), American Expeditionary Forces, 1918; Catalogue of Maps, General Staff, American Expeditionary Forces, 1918; List of Places in Argonne-Verdun District with their Locations, Supplement A, General Headquarters, American Expeditionary Forces, November 7, 1918; Notes on Map Reading for Use in Army Schools, His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1918; Basic Field Manual, Vol. 1, Chapter 5 - Map and Aerial Photograph Reading, U.S. War Department, 1938; Basic Field Manual, Conventional Signs, Military Symbols, and Abbreviations, U.S. War Department, 1939; Basic Field Manual, Military Intelligence, Military Maps, U.S. War Department, January 6, 1941; Basic Field Manual, Elementary Map and Aerial Photograph Reading, U.S. War Department, April 12, 1941; and Basic Field Manual, Advanced Map and Aerial Photograph Reading, U.S. War Department, September 17, 1941.
Provenance:
Dieter H. M. Gröschel., Gift, 2015
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Aerial photography  Search this
World War, 1914-1918 -- Aerial operations  Search this
Genre/Form:
Maps
Manuals
Photograph albums
Citation:
Historical Maps and Aerial Photographs [Gröschel], Accession 2015-0046, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2015.0046
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2142ea9f3-4bf2-4190-b305-00c74b5621ae
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2015-0046

Richard O. Marsh papers

Creator:
Marsh, Richard O. (Richard Oglesby), 1883-1953  Search this
Extent:
7 Linear feet
Culture:
Kuna (Cuna)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
Darien (Panama : Province)
Date:
1923-1994
Summary:
Richard Oglesby Marsh (1883–1953) was an engineer, American diplomat and amateur ethnologist who participated in several engineering and ethnological expeditions to Panama. He helped draft the Declaration of Independence and Human Rights of the Tule People of San Blas and the Darien and was the author of White Indians of Darien and several popular articles on Panama.
Scope and Contents:
The Marsh Darien expedition of 1924-1925, the focus of this collection, was sponsored by the Smithsonian Institution together with the American Museum of Natural History, the University of Rochester, the U.S. Dept. of Commerce, the Military Intelligence Division of the U.S. Army, the Canal Zone administration, and the government of Panama. Expedition members included John L. Baer (Smithsonian Institution ethnologist), Paul Benton (Rochester Times-Union reporter), Charles M. Breder, Jr. (New York Aquarium biologist), Raoul Brin (botanist), Charles Charlton (Pathé News cinematographer), Herman L. Fairchild (University of Rochester emeritus geologist), Harry Johnson (taxadermist) Omer Malsbury (Canal Zone Administration), Lieut. Glen Townsend (U.S. Army) and Francisco Pinzón, the expedition cook.

The Marsh Papers include diaries, photographs, correspondence, maps, articles in draft and published form, and miscellaneous papers, chiefly relating to Marsh's experiences as leader of the Marsh Darien expedition to Panama in 1924-1925 and his contacts with the Kuna (also known as Tule). The collection also features materials on the negotiations that took place on the U.S.S. Cleveland with representatives of the U.S. and Panamanian governments and the Kuna Indians during the Kuna uprising of 1925, in which Marsh served as a mediator.

Correspondents include Marsh's wife, Helen Louise Cleveland Marsh; his son Richard O. Marsh, Jr.; and C.L.G. Anderson.

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Biographical Note:
Richard O. Marsh (1883-1953) was an engineer, U.S. State Department employee, and ethnologist who made numerous engineering and scientific expeditions around the world. He was the author of The White Indians of Darien [c1934]. The Marsh-Darien expedition of 1924-1925, the focus of this collection, was sponsored by the Smithsonian Institution together with the American Museum of Natural History, the University of Rochester, the U.S. Dept. of Commerce, the Military Intelligence Division of the U.S. Army, the Canal Zone administration, and the government of Panama.

Chronology

1883 -- Born in Illinois

1901 -- Enrolled in the Massachusetts Institute of Technology

1903 -- Employed by the Army Corps of Engineers in Texas

1905 -- Enrolled in the University of Lausanne, Switzerland

1909 -- Married Helen Cleveland in September

1910 -- Appointed First Secretary of the U.S. legation in Panama in April

1912 -- Secretary, American Embassy, St. Petersburg, Russia

1915 -- Elected mayor of Warsaw, Illinois

1923 -- Returned to Panama as employee of engineer George Goethals in June

1924 -- Headed Marsh-Darien expedition to Panama in January

1925 -- Returned to San Blas, Panama Published "Blond Indians of the Darien Jungle" in The World's Work

1931 -- Traveled to Nicaragua

1933-1935 -- Public Works Administration

1934 -- Published White Indians of Darien (New York: Putnam)

1935-1939 -- Chief engineer, Land Utilization Division, U.S. Department of Agriculture

1941 -- Reconnaissance engineer, U.S. Military, North Africa, in December

1949-1952 -- State Road Department, Florida

1953 -- Died, Vero Beach, Florida, on September 4
Related Materials:
Additional material relating to the Marsh Darien Expedition is included in MS 4550 in the National Anthropological Archives. Additional Marsh correspondence is contained in the Aleš Hrdlicka papers. On Marsh's adventures in Panama, see James Howe, A People Who Would Not Kneel: Panama, the United States, and the San Blas Kuna (Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1998).
Provenance:
The Marsh papers were donated to the archives by Richard O. Marsh, Jr. in 1997.
Restrictions:
The Richard O. Marsh papers are open for research.

Access to the Richard O. Marsh papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Citation:
Richard O. Marsh papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.1997-18
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3759a350a-977a-40ec-a136-5c280fad440a
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-1997-18

insignia, pair of

Physical Description:
metal, gilt (?? material)
Measurements:
overall (single): 1 in x 1 in x 1/2 in; 2.54 cm x 2.54 cm x 1.27 cm
Object Name:
Insignia, Pair of
Other Terms:
Insignia, Pair of; Collar; Military Intelligence; Officer
Credit Line:
Bruce S. Bazelon
ID Number:
1979.0130.091
Catalog number:
1979.0130.091
Accession number:
1979.0130
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, Military
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a1-e480-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_400710
Online Media:

Felix Webster McBryde films

Creator:
McBryde, F. Webster (Felix Webster), 1908-1995  Search this
Extent:
Film reels (color silent; 9,030 feet, 16mm)
Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Film reels
Silent films
Travelogs
Place:
Central America
Guatemala
Date:
circa 1940
Scope and Contents:
Papers, films and photographs of Felix Webster McBryde, cultural geographer, mostly related to his work in South and Central America. Also some papers of wife, Frances McBryde.

Supplementary materials: water colors, paper records.

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or Anthropology Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Biographical / Historical:
F. Webster McBryde was a geographer who earned his geography degree from the University of California, Berkeley in 1940. In 1943 he founded the American Society for Professional Geographers (ASPG). Aside from his research of markets in villages in the Gautemalan Lake Atitlan area and his teaching geography at Ohio State University from 1937 to 1942, his career was primarily as a consultant.

During WWII he worked as a senior geographer in military intelligence in the War Department. After the war he became director of the Smithsonian Institution's Institute of Social Anthropology in Lima, Peru. After three years in that position he became chief geographer for the Latin American program of the United States Bureau of the Census that included his establishing the Ecuadorian Institute of Anthropology and Geography in Quito. He also took on consulting work in ecology and environmental issues that included being the chief of the physical and culural branch of the natural resources division of the Inter-American Geodetic Survey of the U.S. Army and field director of the Bioenvironmental Program of the Atlantic-Pacific Interoceanic Sea Level Canal Studies in Panama and Colombia for the Battelle Memorial Institute.

In 1970 he founded the McBryde Center for Human Ecology and continued working for the Battelle Memorial Institute as well as other clients. New consulting work included preparing ecological studies affecting the tourist industry in Jamaica and the environmental problems of the Cerro Colorado Copper Mine in Panama for the United Nations. He conducted personal research in the domestication of plants, particularly the origin of maize in several Latin American countries.

Because of his extensive knowledge of Central American he occasionally served as advisor to government officials from those countries. He also worked on and developed new world map projections that more accurately portrayed the curvature of the earth.
Provenance:
Received from John M. McBryde in 2008.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Please contact the archives for information on availability of access copies of audiovisual recordings. Original audiovisual material in the Human Studies Film Archives may not be played.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
silent films
Travelogs
Citation:
Felix Webster McBryde films, Human Studies Film Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
HSFA.2009.08
See more items in:
Felix Webster McBryde films
Archival Repository:
Human Studies Film Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pc94689ea3b-bec2-4417-9961-c62d65778099
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-hsfa-2009-08

Colonel Sally Dale Murphy (USA, Retired)

Container:
Box 2, Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Biographical / Historical:
Sally Woolfolk Murphy entered the Women's Army Corps by direct appointment in 1972 and reported for duty at Anniston, AL in January 1973. While training as a cryptographer, the Army opened flight school to women, and Murphy applied. On June 4, 1974, 2LT Sally Murphy graduated from Initial Entry Rotary Wing Class 74-14 at Fort Rucker, AL, becoming the Army's first woman aviator. After flying TH-55s, OH-58s, and UH-1s during training, Murphy was assigned to a Guardrail unit in Germany, flying the RU-21 and serving as the battalion intelligence officer (S2). As a Military Intelligence officer, she flew the UH-1 and commanded the 78th AVN Bn (Provisional) at Camp Zama, Japan. At the Pentagon, Murphy served on the Army Staff where she authored the first Joint Requirements document for unmanned aerial vehicles. On the Joint Staff, LTC Murphy was a team chief in the National Military Joint Intelligence Center. After completing Army War College, Colonel Murphy served on the Army Staff as the G-2 Congressional Liaison before retiring on July 1, 1999.
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
Military Women Aviators Oral History Initiative (MWAOHI), NASM.2020.0005, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2020.0005, File 12
See more items in:
Military Women Aviators Oral History Initiative (MWAOHI)
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg22dccba78-dd59-457e-9f70-03c1956f658a
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2020-0005-ref11

William M. Mann and Lucile Quarry Mann Papers

Topic:
Tiger Talk (Newsletter)
Spots and stripes (Serial)
Extent:
14.41 cu. ft. (2 record storage boxes) (20 document boxes) (4 12x17 boxes) (1 16x20 box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Motion pictures (visual works)
Black-and-white photographs
Manuscripts
Video recordings
Date:
circa 1885-1981
Introduction:
Materials in this record unit were donated to the Archives by Lucile Quarry Mann and the National Zoological Park between 1977 and 1988. During 1980 and 1981, Lucile Mann narrated the 16mm motion picture on audiotape with scripts by Pamela M. Henson, Oral Historian. In 1985, the motion picture was transferred to a 3/4" videotape and the taped narration was synchronized with the image.
Descriptive Entry:
These papers consist of correspondence from professional colleagues and government officials concerning entomology and live zoological collections as well as correspondence from personal acquaintances concerning zoo visits, lectures, published works, social events, and the occasions of the Manns' retirement (and including photographs). Also included are William M. Mann's correspondence to his mother in which he described his school activities and field trips abroad, and to Lucile Mann during his travels on the Smithsonian-Chrysler Expedition to East Africa, 1926, and as Technical Observer for the Quartermaster Corps during World War II.

These papers also document the Manns' trips abroad: the Smithsonian-Chrysler Expedition to East Africa (Tanganyika) in 1926, British Guiana in 1931, the National Geographic Society-Smithsonian Institution Expedition to the Dutch East Indies in 1937, to Brazil and Argentina in 1939, the Smithsonian-Firestone Expedition to Liberia in 1940, visits to European zoos in 1929, 1938, and 1948, Lucile Q. Mann's trips, 1962-1974, and William M. Mann's entomological trips, 1912-1922. Documentation includes correspondence, diaries, field notes, photographs, souvenirs, lists of animals brought back by the 1937 expedition, and newspaper and journal articles, in particular, articles by William H. Shippen of Washington, D.C.'s Evening Star during the 1939 voyage to South America.

In addition, there are manuscripts and printed materials covering the Manns' trips and NZP experiences, including outlines for lectures and radio talks; drafts and outlines for biographies of William H. Blackburne and William M. Mann; book reviews by William M. Mann; materials on the Mulford Biological Expedition to the Amazon River Basin; William M. Mann's entomological monographs; a report to the Quartermaster Corps. and a scrapbook of newspaper articles on William M. Mann's autobiography, Ant Hill Odyssey (1948).

Photographs include William M. Mann's collection of portrait photographs of individuals, mostly naturalists; photographs taken during the Manns' trips abroad; group photographs of the Manns with acquaintances; photographs of animals and insects; and a photograph of Smithsonian officials and staff with President Calvin Coolidge, 1927. Audiovisual materials include motion pictures of scenes filmed in Liberia, 1940, audiotapes containing a narration by Lucile Mann for the Liberian film, 1981, and videocassettes taped from the motion picture and audiotapes, 1985.
Historical Note:
William M. Mann (1886-1960) was born in Helena, Montana. He attended Lyon School for Boys, Spokane, Washington, 1900-1902, and Staunton Military Academy, Virginia, 1902-1905. During a brief furlough from the academy in 1903, Mann worked as an animal cage cleaner at the National Zoological Park (NZP). After graduating from the academy in 1905, Mann worked as a rancher in Texas and New Mexico where he also collected entomological specimens.

Mann attended Washington State College, Pullman, 1907-1909, and Stanford University, 1909-1911, where he received his B.A. Mann continued his entomological studies under William Morton Wheeler at Bussey Institution, Harvard University, where he received his Sc. D. degree in Entomology in 1915.

Between 1911 and 1916, Mann made several entomological collecting trips abroad: as a member of the Stanford Expedition to Brazil, 1911; to Haiti, 1912; to Cuba and the State of Hildago, Mexico, 1913; as a member of the Philip Expedition to the Middle East, 1914; and as a Sheldon Traveling Fellow to Fiji and the Solomon Islands, 1915-1916. He also studied briefly in Switzerland, 1914.

Mann served as an entomologist for the Bureau of Entomology, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), 1916-1925. During this period, Mann made entomological collecting trips to Spain, Columbia, Central America, Mexico, and Cuba, and as assistant director of the Mulford Expedition to the Amazon River Basin, 1921-1922. He also did entomological studies in Holland and Italy.

In 1925, Mann was appointed the fifth Superintendent of the NZP. In 1926, the title of Superintendent was changed to Director. Mann held that title until his retirement in 1956. Mann's major achievements during his tenure as head administrator of the NZP included the Park's building program, 1927-1940, and his various expeditions to collect live animals in order to increase the NZP population.

In 1944, Mann was appointed Technical Observer by the Quartermaster Corps, United States Army, to report on the living conditions in the United States military bases in Fiji and the Solomon Islands. After his retirement in 1956, Mann was director emeritus of the NZP, and was made honorary research associate of the Smithsonian Institution.

Mann was also an honorary curator of Entomology at the United States National Museum during almost his entire career, and donated his entomological collection to the USNM.

Lucile Quarry Mann (1897-1986) was born in Ann Arbor, Michigan. She received her B.A. in English from the University of Michigan in 1918. She worked for Military Intelligence in Washington, D.C., during the last remaining months of World War I. She served as assistant editor at the Bureau of Entomology, USDA, 1918-1922, and as editor for The Women's Home Companion in New York City, 1922-1926.

In 1926, Lucile Quarry married William Mann, shortly after Mann's return from an animal collecting expedition to East Africa. As a wife of a zookeeper, Lucile Mann traveled with her husband to Europe and on live-animal collecting expeditions. She also acted as a foster parent to many of the orphaned infant NZP-born animals at the Manns' apartment.

Lucile Mann worked in the NZP administrative offices from 1951 until her retirement in 1967, but she continued to work there part-time until 1971. She also was editor of Tiger Talk, the NZP newsletter, and Spots and Stripes, the Friends of the National Zoo newsletter.

A taped interview with Lucile Mann was made in 1977 as part of the Archives' Oral History Project. The tapes and transcripts can be found in RU 9513.
Chronology:
1886 -- William M. Mann born, Helena, Montana.

1897 -- Lucile Quarry born, Ann Arbor, Michigan.

1900-1902 -- William M. Mann attended Lyon School for Boys, Pullman, Washington.

1902-1905 -- William M. Mann attended Virginia Military Academy, Staunton, Virginia.

1903 -- William M. Mann worked at NZP as an animal cage cleaner under animal keeper, William H. Blackburne.

1905 -- William M. Mann worked as a rancher in Texas and New Mexico.

1907-1909 -- William M. Mann attended Washington State College, Pullman.

1909-1911 -- William M. Mann attended Stanford University. Received B.A., 1911.

1910 -- William M. Mann did entomological collecting along the Arizona-Mexican boundary.

1911 -- William M. Mann was a member of the Stanford Expedition to Brazil

1911-1915 -- William M. Mann attended Bussey Institution, Harvard University. Received Sc.D. in Entomology in 1915.

1912 -- William M. Mann went on an entomological collecting trip to Haiti.

1913 -- William M. Mann went on a entomological collecting trip to Cuba, and Hildago, Mexico.

1914 -- William M. Mann was a member of the Philip Expedition to the Middle East.

1915-1916 -- William M. Mann, as a Sheldon Traveling Scholar, went on a entomological collecting trip to Fiji and the Solomon Islands.

1916-1925 -- William M. Mann served as an entomologist for USDA, and as an entomological explorer, traveled to Columbia, Panama, Costa Rica, Honduras, Guatemala, Mexico, Spain, France, and Italy, and studied in Italy and Holland.

1918 -- Lucile Quarry received B. A. in English from the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, and worked until November for Military Intelligence in Washington, D. C.

1918-1922 -- Lucile Quarry was an assistant editor for USDA's Bureau of Entomology.

1921-1922 -- William M. Mann was assistant director of the Mulford Expedition to the Amazon River Basin.

1922-1926 -- Lucile Quarry was an editor for The Woman's Home Companion in New York City.

1925 -- William M. Mann appointed Superintendent of NZP.

1926 -- Job title changed to Director of NZP

1926 -- William M. Mann went to Tanganyika as a member of the Smithsonian-Chrysler Expedition to East Africa, to collect animals for the NZP.

1926 -- William M. Mann and Lucile Quarry married.

1928 -- The Manns visited European zoos. (Great Britain, Germany, Denmark, Austria, Hungary, Belgium, and the Netherlands)

1931 -- The Manns went to British Guiana to collect live animals for the NZP.

1937 -- The Manns went on an around-the-world trip by sea as members of National Geographic Society-Smithsonian Institution Expedition to the Dutch East Indies to collect live animals for the NZP in Sumatra.

1938 -- The Manns visited European zoos. (Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Estonia, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, Danzig, Denmark, Germany, Switzerland, France, Scotland, and Ireland)

1939 -- The Manns visited Brazil and Argentina, to collect live animals for the NZP.

1940 -- The Manns visited Liberia as members of the Firestone-Smithsonian Expedition to Liberia to collect live animals for the NZP.

1944 -- William M. Mann served as Technical Observer for the Quartermaster Corps, U. S. Army in Fiji and the Solomon Islands.

1948 -- The Manns visited European zoos. (Great Britain, France, West Germany, Belgium, and the Netherlands)

1951 -- Lucile Q. Mann began work at the NZP.

1956 -- William M. Mann retired from NZP.

October 10, 1960 -- Death of William M. Mann (age 74 years)

1967 -- Lucile Q. Mann retired from NZP.

1967-1971 -- Worked part-time at NZP.

1977 -- Oral history interview for SIA. (See RU 9513)

November 26, 1986 -- Death of Lucile Q. Mann (age 89 years)
Topic:
Entomology  Search this
Zoology  Search this
Zoos  Search this
Genre/Form:
Motion pictures (visual works)
Black-and-white photographs
Manuscripts
Video recordings
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7293, William M. Mann and Lucile Quarry Mann Papers
Identifier:
Record Unit 7293
See more items in:
William M. Mann and Lucile Quarry Mann Papers
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru7293

Military Intelligence Service, 1944, 1946.

Container:
Box 15 of 31
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 87, Ethnogeographic Board (Washington, D. C.), Records
See more items in:
Records
Records / Series 2: General Correspondence: 1942-1946 / Box 15
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0087-refidd1e1462

Subject Files

Extent:
1 cu. ft. (1 record storage box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Brochures
Clippings
Electronic records
Digital versatile discs
Place:
Krakow (Poland)
Date:
1998-2011
Descriptive Entry:
The Institut für Deutsche Ostarbeit (IDO) opened in German-occupied Krakow, Poland, in 1940. The Sektion für Rasse- und Volkstumforschung (IDO-SRV) (Section for Racial and National Traditions Research) was an anthropological unit of the IDO that classified people by studying their anthropometric and genealogical information. The collection was seized by the United States and British armies after the end of World War II and given to the Smithsonian Institution on permanent loan once they were deemed of no further value for military intelligence.

In 2003, the Polish government requested this collection be transferred back to Poland. These records document the task force that was created by Cristián Samper, Director of the National Museum of Natural History (NMNH), at the request of the Secretary of the Smithsonian to investigate the legal, scientific, ethical, and archival issues related to the return of these records. In 2004, the task force recommended the records be returned after microfilm copies and digital surrogates had been made. In a ceremony at the Polish Consulate in New York on September 27, 2007, the IDO records were transferred from the National Anthropological Archives to Uniwersytet Jagielloński (Jagiellonian University), Krakow. (See also related records in Accession 05-091.)

These records were compiled and maintained by Ruth Osterweis Selig, Special Assistant to the Director, NMNH. Materials include correspondence, meeting minutes, notes, clippings, brochures, and reports. Some materials are in electronic format.
Topic:
Anthropology  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Anthropometry  Search this
Committees  Search this
Museum archives  Search this
Natural history museums  Search this
Natural history museum directors  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Brochures
Clippings
Electronic records
Digital versatile discs
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 12-182, National Museum of Natural History. Office of the Director, Subject Files
Identifier:
Accession 12-182
See more items in:
Subject Files
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-fa12-182

Annual Reports

Collection Creator:
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Collection Director:
Heye, George G. (George Gustav), 1874-1957  Search this
Container:
Box 404, Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1917 - 1920
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from the National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation Records, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation records
Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation records / Series 12: Publications / 12.1: Annual Reports
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv47d653f6c-cdf9-45cd-9231-bc116ffdeaea
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-001-ref15240
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  • View Annual Reports digital asset number 1

Newsclipping Vidal Appointed 2nd Lieutenant announcing the appointment of Teodoro Vidal as 2nd Lieutenant in the US Military Intelligence. Indianapolis Times newspaper, September 1951. This newsclipping is attached to a paper that has written informati...

Collection Collector:
Vidal, Teodoro  Search this
Container:
Box 13, Folder 10
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Teodoro Vidal Collection, 1592-1992, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Teodoro Vidal Collection
Teodoro Vidal Collection / Series 6: Publications / 6.1: Publications-General / 6.1.7: News Press Clippings: Notes about young Teodoro Vidal
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8af27e24f-e710-4c96-ae3c-8f13b71b51e5
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0712-ref1095

The Crisis Vol. 16 No. 3

Published by:
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, American, founded 1909  Search this
Edited by:
W.E.B. Du Bois, American, 1868 - 1963  Search this
Illustrated by:
Frank Walts, American  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
9 3/4 x 6 7/8 x 1/8 in. (24.8 x 17.5 x 0.3 cm)
Type:
magazines (periodicals)
Place printed:
New York City, New York, United States, North and Central America
Date:
July 1918
Topic:
African American  Search this
Advertising  Search this
Associations and institutions  Search this
Business  Search this
Civil Rights  Search this
Education  Search this
Literature  Search this
Mass media  Search this
Poetry  Search this
Politics  Search this
Race relations  Search this
Social life and customs  Search this
Social reform  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Bobbie Ross in memory of Elizabeth Dillard
Object number:
2012.84.7
Restrictions & Rights:
Public domain
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials-Published Works
Exhibition:
Defending Freedom, Defining Freedom: The Era of Segregation, 1876-1968
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Concourse 2, C 2053
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd555238ca1-6358-4e5e-b1bc-9ac6bc404398
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2012.84.7
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  • View <I>The Crisis Vol. 16 No. 3</I> digital asset number 1

Allan Pinkerton

Artist:
Alexander Gardner, 17 Oct 1821 - 10 Dec 1882  Search this
Sitter:
Allan Pinkerton, 25 Aug 1819 - 1 Jul 1884  Search this
Medium:
Albumen silver print
Dimensions:
Image/Sheet: 17.1 × 23.1 cm (6 3/4 × 9 1/8")
Mount: 28.8 × 35.8 cm (11 5/16 × 14 1/8")
Mat: 35.6 × 45.7 cm (14 × 18")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
September 1862
Topic:
Costume\Headgear\Hat  Search this
Equipment\Smoking Implements\Cigar  Search this
Nature & Environment\Plant\Tree  Search this
Nature & Environment\Animal\Horse  Search this
Architecture\Building\Tent  Search this
Equipment\Sports Equipment\Equestrian Gear\Reins  Search this
Exterior\Military Camp  Search this
Equipment\Sports Equipment\Equestrian Gear\Saddle  Search this
Allan Pinkerton: Male  Search this
Allan Pinkerton: Business and Finance\Businessperson  Search this
Allan Pinkerton: Literature\Writer\Detective  Search this
Allan Pinkerton: Law and Law Enforcement\Police\Detective  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.78.276
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4ce7244ca-8238-40be-9b57-d3ae2d4cc684
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.78.276

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