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Melvin Kranzberg Papers

Creator:
Kranzberg, Melvin, Dr., 1917-1995  Search this
Names:
Society for the History of Technology  Search this
Extent:
140 Cubic feet (433 boxes )
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Personal papers
Business records
Professional papers
Correspondence
Date:
1934 - 1988
Summary:
Personal papers of Dr. Kranzberg from his undergraduate years at Amherst College through his professional career. Collection documents his involvement with development of the new field of history of technology and his role as principal founder of the Society for the History of Technology (SHOT); work as consultant and advisor to domestic and international agencies, colleges, and universities; personal affiliations, lectureships, publications; and teaching and administrative activities for more than 40 years as a college professor.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of 140 cubic feet of material divided into nine series and housed in 359 document boxes. Several subseries remain organized in the original order as they were received. There has been no attempt by the archivist to rearrange them. Some folders did not have folder titles. The archivist has provided titles in those instances, and these folder titles have been put in brackets [] in the Container List. Melvin Kranzberg's personal activities from 1934 through 1968 are arranged chronologically in Series 4: PERSONAL ACTIVITIES, including his early education. Series 8: TEACHING AND ADMINISTRATION is divided into two subseries and is comprised of teaching and administrative files compiled by Dr. Kranzberg during his forty years as a college professor.

Series 2: Correspondence between Kranzberg and numerous colleagues in the U.S. and abroad, 1949-1988. He was actively involved with technically oriented societies, U.S. government agencies, and SHOT. Since he also wrote a textbook and several encyclopedia articles, subjects range from business to academic to personal.

Kranzberg's role as a consultant and advisor is located in Series 1: CONSULTATION AND ADVISEMENT. This series is further divided into nine alphabetically arranged subseries. Kranzberg's many professional affiliations are arranged in Series 5: PROFESSIONAL AFFILIATIONS. This series is comprised of eight alphabetically arranged subseries. Series 2: CORRESPONDENCE is also arranged alphabetically and contains much of Dr. Kranzberg's correspondence during the years 1949 to 1988. He was actively involved with a number of technically oriented societies, United States government agencies, and the Society for the History of Technology. Since he also wrote a textbook and several encyclopedia articles, the subjects represented range from business to academic to personal.

Series 7: RESEARCH SUBJECT FILES is arranged alphabetically and documents nearly forty years of research by Kranzberg on hundreds of diverse topics. The results of some of this research is available in Series 6: PUBLICATIONS, which is divided into eleven subseries and contains manuscripts, research, correspondence, outlines, and reprints of various Kranzberg essays and books. In addition, much of Kranzberg's research results were delivered in a verbal format. Series 3: LECTURESHIPS is divided into three subseries, and not only details lectures and speeches delivered by Melvin Kranzberg, but also those given by his colleagues, and those delivered at the National Endowment for the Humanities Summer Seminars for Professional Journalists, which he organized. Series 9: SPECIAL PROJECTS consists of materials relative to a number of projects of varying importance and duration, such as engineering and human values and ethics in an age of pervasive technology.
Arrangement:
Collection is divided into nine series.

Series 1: Consultation and advisement, 1958-1987

Series 2: Correspondence, 1949-1988

Series 3: Lectureships and speeches, 1951-1988

Series 4: Biographical, 1934-1963

Series 5: Professional affiliations, 1961-1988

Series 6: Publications, 1942-1968

Series 7: Research subject files, 1940-1978

Series 8: Teaching and administration, 1947-1988

Series 9: Special projects, 1951-1980
Historical:
Kranzberg's Six Laws

As reported in the July 1986 Issue of Technology and Culture, Volume 27, Number 3, pages 544-561, Kranzberg's Six Laws are listed as follows in the SHOT Presidential Address.

"These are not laws in the sense of commandments but rather a series of truisms deriving from a longtime immersion in the study of the development of technology and its interactions with sociocultural change." 1.. Technology is neither good nor bad; nor is it neutral.(p.545); 2. Invention is the mother of necessity, (p.548) 3. Technology comes in packages, big and small, (p. 549); 4. Although technology might be a prime element in many public issues, nontechnical factors take precedence in technology-policy decisions, (p. 550); 5. All history is relevant, but the history of technology is the most relevant, (p. 553); 6. Technology is a very human activity—and so is the history of technology, (p. 557); 7."But if ours is truly a man-made world, I claim that mankind can re-make it. And in that remaking process, the history of technology can play a very important role in enabling us to meet the challenges besetting mankind now and in the future."
Biographical:
Melvin Kranzberg (born St. Louis, Mo.) received his A.B. from Amherst College (1938), and his M.A. (1939) and Ph.D. (1942) in modern European history from Harvard University. When World War II commenced, Dr. Kranzberg went, with an Amherst professor, Charles W. Cole, to work at the Office of Price Administration in Washington, D. C. At that same time, he enlisted in the Signal Corps Reserve. Since he was regarded as "educable," he was sent for electronics training at Catholic University, and then to Johns Hopkins for a three-year course in electrical engineering that was crammed into sixteen weeks. Instead of receiving a commission, he was sent to Philco Radio Laboratories in Philadelphia for another three-month crash course, this one in radar.

By the end of his course of study, however, the Signal Corps no longer needed officers and he was put in the infantry. After basic training, he was assigned to the Army's Specialized Training Program. His language skills enabled him to engage in an intensive three-month study of Turkish. Since invasion of Turkey was not likely, he then entered a language program in German. This led to appointment in Military Intelligence, where he was charged with interrogating German POWs, often on the front lines. That assignment lasted from about September 1944 through the Battle of the Bulge, until the German surrender. He received three Battle Stars, a Combat Infantry Badge, and a Bronze Star. He was awarded honorary doctorates of letters (Litt. D.) by New Jersey Institute of Technology and Northern Michigan University, doctorates of engineering (D. Eng.) by Worcester Polytechnic Institute and Colorado School of Mines, and doctorates of humane letters (L.H.D.) by Denison University and Amherst College.

Dr. Kranzberg's major professional contribution has been the establishment of a new field of history: the history of technology. He was the principal founder of the Society for the History of Technology (SHOT), founding editor (1959-81) of its quarterly journal, Technology and Culture, and served as SHOT Secretary (1959-74) and President (1983-84). A cofounder of ICOHTEC (International Committee for the History of Technology, a Scientific Section of the International Union for the History Science [UNESCO], he served as its vice-president from its inception in 1968. When he retired from that post at ICOHTEC'S 17th International Symposium (Hamburg, 1989), he was elected honorary president for life. In 1979-1980 Dr. Kranzberg was national president of Sigma Xi, The Scientific Research Society (120,000 active members in 500 chapters and clubs). Over the years, he has been a Sigma Xi National Lecturer and has served on various committees of the honorary organization. He was Chairman (1966, 1979) of Section L (History and Philosophy of Science) of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), and Chairman (1978-81) of the AAAS Committee on Science Engineering, and Public Policy. From 1977-1980, he chaired the Advisory Committees of the Policy Research and Analysis (PRA) and Science Resources Studies (SRS) Divisions of the National Science Foundation (NSF). An original member (1964) of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's History Advisory Committee (Chairman, 1966-71, 1984-87), he also served on NASA's National Advisory Council (1984-87). In 1989, Dr. Kranzberg was elected to the newly founded Board of the National Association for Science, Technology, and Society (NASTS), an "umbrella organization for educators, scientists, engineers, public policy analysts, public interest groups, media, and individuals interested in the impact of scientific and technological development on society." At its 1992 Annual Technological Literacy Conference, Kranzberg was honored by being the initial recipient of a NASTS Honorary Lifetime Membership.

Other activities include: Vice-President, AAAS (1966); Chairman (1957-58), Humanistic-Social Division, American Society for Engineering Education (ASEEO; Vice-President (1959), Society for French Historical Studies; Trustee (1979-), Charles Babbage Foundation; and Chairman (1972-73), U.S. National Committee of the International Union of the History and Philosophy of Science. He has served on the Technology Assessment Panel of the National Academy of Sciences and the NAS Committee on the Survey of Materials Science and Engineering, The National Research Council's Committee on the Education and Utilization of the Engineer, and various advisory committees of the National Academy of Engineering.

Kranzberg has been a member of the Editorial Advisory Boards of the following journals: Engineering Education; Science, Technology & Human Values; Knowledge in Society; History and Technology; and Research in Philosophy and Technology; and the "Inside Technology" book series of the MIT Press. In 1980, he coordinated the Course-by-Newspaper on "Energy and the Way We Live" with 400 newspapers and was awarded a $10,000 prize by the Academy for Educational Development. He was a TV commentator on the PBS "Connections" series and lectured throughout the world, including USIA tours to India, Southeast Asia, and Africa. He has written or edited: The Siege of Paris, 1870-1871 (1950; reprinted 1970); 1848: A Turning Point? (1959, 14 printings); the two-volume

Technology in Western Civilization (1967; Japanese, 1976; Spanish, 1980); Technology and Culture: an Anthology (1972; Arabic, 1976; Spanish 1980); By the Sweat of Thy Brow: Work in the Western World (1975 [an alternate selection of the Fortune Book Club]; Italian, 1976); Technological Innovation: A Critical Review of Current Knowledge (1978); Energy and the Way We Live (1980); Ethics in an Age of Pervasive Technology (1980); Bridge to the Future: A Centennial Celebration of the Brooklyn Bridge (1984); Technological Education/Technological Style (1986); and Innovation at the Crossroads Between Science and Technology (1989). He is also the author of over 150 articles in encyclopedias, learned journals, and scholarly collections on topics in European history, engineering education, history of technology, science-technology policy, and science-technology-society interactions.

Dr. Kranzberg taught at Harvard, Stevens Institute of Technology, Amherst College, and Case Western Reserve University, where he established the first graduate program in the history of technology at an American university. From 1972 to 1988, he was Callaway Professor of the History of Technology at Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech). He is a member of the honorary societies Phi Beta Kappa, Sigma Xi, Epsilon Pi Tau, and Phi Kappa Phi. His awards include: Leonardo da Vinci Medal, Society for the History of Technology (1968); Apollo Achievement Award, NASA (1969); Special Research Day Citation, Case Western Reserve University (1970); Special Recognition Award, American Industrial Arts Association (1978); and the Roe Medal, American Society of Mechanical Engineers (1980). Dr. Kranzberg was one of 100 Americans presented the State of Israel's Jabotinsky Centennial Medal (1980) for eminence in the sciences and letters, and was elected (1985) an Honorary Foreign Member of the Czechoslovak Society for the History of Science and Technology, Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences. In 1991, the Liberal Education Division of the American Society for Engineering Education presented him its Olmsted Award for "outstanding contributions to engineering education by bringing the humanities and technology together for the mutual benefit of both." In November 1991, the Society for Social Studies of Science (SSSS) and the Institute for Scientific Information (ISI) presented him the Bernal Award for "outstanding contributions to the social studies of science." At its 1994 meeting in Zaragoza, Spain, the prestigious International Academy of the History of Science elected Dr. Kranzberg to its membership.

The January-September 1976 issue (Vol. 12, Nos. 1-3) of Lex et Scientia (The International Journal of Law and Science) was devoted to Kranzberg's 1975 Mellon Lectures at Lehigh University, and the French Centre de Recherche sur la Culture Technique dedicated its June 1983 (No. 10) issue of Culture Technique to him. In 1985 The Society for the History of Technology and the MIT Press co-published John M. Staudenmaier's, Technology's Storytellers: Reweaving the Human Fabric as a "tribute" to him, and Lehigh University Press published (1989) Stephen H. Cutcliffe and Robert C. Post's, In Context; History and the History of Technology — Essays in Honor of Melvin Kranzbergr containing articles by major historians of technology. When Dr. Kranzberg became emeritus in June 1988, the Georgia Tech Foundation established the Melvin Kranzberg Professorship in the History of Technology. The first occupant of this chair was Dr. Bruce Sinclair, former head of the Institute for the History and Philosophy of Science and Technology at the University of Toronto and a former student of Dr. Kranzberg. Dr. Melvin Kranzberg married tLouise Lester Clark.
Provenance:
Collection donated by Georgia Institute of Technology, through Dr. Melvin Kranzberg, August 24, 1988.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Technology -- Societies, etc. -- 1930-1990  Search this
Educators -- 1930-1990  Search this
Technology -- History -- 1930-1990  Search this
Genre/Form:
Personal papers -- 20th century
Business records -- 20th century
Professional papers -- 20th century
Correspondence -- 1940-1990
Citation:
Melvin Kranzberg Papers, 1934-1988, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0266
See more items in:
Melvin Kranzberg Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0266

Organization and Strength of Soviet Air Forces [2/2]

Author:
Hayne, Frank B. (Major, Acting Military Attache, Moscow)  Search this
Huthsteiner, George E. (Major, Military Attache Riga)  Search this
Yeaton, Ivan D., Captain (Military Attache, Moscow)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Hardesty, Von, 1939-  Search this
Extent:
4 Documents
Container:
Box 16, Folder 17
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Documents
Date:
1939-1940
Scope and Contents:
U. S. Military Intelligence documents:

Frank B. Hayne (Major, Acting Military Attache, Moscow), "Annual Aviation Intelligence Report - July 1, 1939," G-2 report 1562, August 31, 1939. Reference copies (original document returned to Wright Field Technical Document Library (NASM.XXXX.0428), C21 Russia / 6 1939).

George E. Huthsteiner (Major, Military Attache, Riga), "Annual Aviation Intelligence Report - Aviation Statistics as of July 1, 1939," G-2 report 10492, September 1, 1939. Reference copies (original document returned to Wright Field Technical Document Library (NASM.XXXX.0428), C21 Russia / 6 1939).

Ivan D. Yeaton (Captain, Military Attache, Moscow), "Correction of Annual Aviation Intelligence Report No. 1562," G-2 report 1608, December 1, 1939. Reference copy (original document returned to Wright Field Technical Document Library (NASM.XXXX.0428), C21 Russia / 18).

G. E. Huthsteiner (Lt. Col., Military Attache, Helsinki) to Military Intelligence Division, War Department General Staff, "Annual Aviation Intelligence Report," Military Attache Report - USSR, report 238, October 31, 1940. Reference copy (original document returned to Wright Field Technical Document Library (NASM.XXXX.0428), C21 Russia / 6 1940).
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
Russian Aeronautical Collection, ACC. 2006-0034, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Russian Aeronautical Collection
Russian Aeronautical Collection / Series 2: Soviet Union (Interwar Years, 1918-1940)
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2006-0034-ref2114

Military Aviation of Russia

Author:
Silvestri, Armando  Search this
Arneman, George E. (Military Attache, Riga)  Search this
Faymonville, Philip R. (Military Attache, Moscow?)  Search this
Translator:
War Department.. Military Intelligence Division  Search this
Collection Creator:
Hardesty, Von, 1939-  Search this
Container:
Box 16, Folder 8
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1932-1938
February 24, 1932
March 1937
June 25, 1938
Scope and Contents:
Three documents from Military Intelligence Division, U. S. Army:

Armando Silvestri, "The Military Aviation of Russia," -- L'Ala d'ltalia -- , March 1937, pp.46-53; translated by Military Intelligence Division, U. S. Army, Translation C-529-a Italian. Reference copy (original document returned to Wright Field Technical Document Library (NASM.XXXX.0428), C21 Russia / 7).

George E. Arneman (Major, General Staff, Military Attache, Riga, Latvia), "Military Aviation in the U.S.S.R.", M.A. report 7900 / G-2 report 6150, February 24, 1932.. Reference copy (original document returned to Wright Field Technical Document Library (NASM.XXXX.0428), C21 Russia / 2)

Philip R. Faymonville (Lt. Col., Ordnance Dept., Military Attache) to Military Attache, Moscow, U. S. S. R., "Organization of Soviet Military Aviation," June 25, 1938. Reference copy (original document returned to Wright Field Technical Document Library (NASM.XXXX.0428), C21 Russia / 10)
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
Russian Aeronautical Collection, ACC. 2006-0034, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Russian Aeronautical Collection
Russian Aeronautical Collection / Series 2: Soviet Union (Interwar Years, 1918-1940)
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2006-0034-ref558

Organization and Strength of Soviet Air Forces [1/2]

Author:
Faymonville, Philip R. (Military Attache, Moscow?)  Search this
Gilmor, Albert (Colonel, Military Attache, Warsaw)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Hardesty, Von, 1939-  Search this
Extent:
5 Documents
Container:
Box 16, Folder 16
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Documents
Date:
1936-1938
Scope and Contents:
U. S. Military Intelligence documents:

Albert Gilmor (Colonel, Military Attache, Warsaw), "Organization of Air Force," G-2 report 2599, February 21, 1936. Reference copy (original document returned to Wright Field Technical Document Library (NASM.XXXX.0428), C21 Russia / 5).

Faymonville ([Philip R], Military Attache, Moscow), Radiogram 95, June 2, 1938. Reference copy (original document returned to Wright Field Technical Document Library (NASM.XXXX.0428), C21 Russia / 9).

Office of Naval Intelligence "Russia - Air Force - Organization and Strength," O.N.I. report R-111, February 15, 1939. Reference copy (original document returned to Wright Field Technical Document Library (NASM.XXXX.0428), C21 Russia / 14).

Philip R. Faymonville (Lt. Col., Military Attache, Moscow) to Assistance Chief of Staff G-2, War Department, Washington, D. C., "Aviation Report - U. S. S. R., July 1, 1937," report 933-360, August 31, 1937. Reference copy (original document returned to Wright Field Technical Document Library (NASM.XXXX.0428), C21 Russia / 6 1937) and reduced size photocopy.

Philip R. Faymonville (Lt. Col., Military Attache, Moscow) to Assistance Chief of Staff G-2, War Department, Washington, D. C., "Aviation Report - U. S. S. R., July 1, 1938," report 1298-360, August 14, 1938 and Frank B. Hayne (Major, Acting Military Attache, Moscow) to Chief, Military Attache and Foreign Liaison Section, A.C.of S., G-2, War Department, Washington, D.C., "Supplementary Air Force Strength Report," report 1480-360, April 1, 1939. Reference copies (original document returned to Wright Field Technical Document Library (NASM.XXXX.0428), C21 Russia / 6 1938).
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
Russian Aeronautical Collection, ACC. 2006-0034, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Russian Aeronautical Collection
Russian Aeronautical Collection / Series 2: Soviet Union (Interwar Years, 1918-1940)
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2006-0034-ref574

Russia Aircraft Production

Collection Creator:
Hardesty, Von, 1939-  Search this
Container:
Box 17, Folder 5
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1917
Scope and Contents:
Memo by Dunn, Col. John N., Military Intelligence Div., War Dept.
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
Russian Aeronautical Collection, ACC. 2006-0034, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Russian Aeronautical Collection
Russian Aeronautical Collection / Series 2: Soviet Union (Interwar Years, 1918-1940)
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2006-0034-ref596

Russia Tactical Principles et al.

Collection Creator:
Hardesty, Von, 1939-  Search this
Extent:
11 Documents
Container:
Box 27, Folder 7
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Documents
Date:
1918-1946
Scope and Contents:
Reports relating to Russian military aviation:

Marinus Stensseth (Maj., A.C., Military Attache, Helsinki) to Military Intelligence Division, War Department General Staff, "Estimate of Russian Forces," Report No. S-19, August 28, 1940. Reference copy (original document returned to Wright Field Technical Document Library (NASM.XXXX.0428), C21 Russia / 23).

Bonner F. Feller (Maj., G.S.C., Military Attache, Cairo, Egypt) to Military Intelligence Division, War Department General Staff, "Observations on Soviet Air Force made prior to June 12, 1941," Report 1978, August 27, 1941. Reference copy (original document returned to Wright Field Technical Document Library (NASM.XXXX.0428), C21 Russia / 31).

Ivan D. Yeaton (Maj., F.A., Military Attache, Moscow) to Military Intelligence Division, War Department General Staff, "Supplementary report to annual aviation report. A discussion of the reasons for the great disparity in figures on annual aircraft and motor production," Report 1831, January 3, 1941. Reference copy (original document returned to Wright Field Technical Document Library (NASM.XXXX.0428), C21 Russia / 6 1941).

W. E. Shipp (Maj., G.S., Military Attache, Riga, Latvia) to Military Intelligence Division, War Department General Staff, "Military Training - General - Tactical Principles: Aviation in a Meeting Engagement," Report 8055, September 13, 1932. Reference copy (original document returned to Wright Field Technical Document Library (NASM.XXXX.0428), C70 / 60).

W. E. Shipp (Maj., G.S., Military Attache, Riga, Latvia) to Military Intelligence Division, War Department General Staff, "Military Training - General - Ground and Air Units in a Meeting Engagement," Report 8998, February 19, 1935. Reference copy (original document returned to Wright Field Technical Document Library (NASM.XXXX.0428), C70 / 83).

Naval Air Attache, London to Intelligence Division, Office of Chief of Naval Operations, "Air Ministry Intelligence Summary 18 - 4 March," Serial A165-42, March 11, 1942. Reference copy (original document returned to Wright Field Technical Document Library (NASM.XXXX.0428), C70 / 516).

Great Britain, A. A. Command, "A. A. Command Intelligence Review No. 168," January 1944. Print from microfilm (see also Captured German and Japanese Air Technical Documents, NASM.XXXX.0432, Roll 8162, IP 328).

Extract from report by Air Group, M.I.5, K-10486, January 25, 1943. Reference copy (original document returned to Wright Field Technical Document Library (NASM.XXXX.0428), C71.7 / 196)..

"List of Russian Material on Cold Weather Operation" (Preliminary), Air Service Command Special Study No. 1, June 1943. Reference copy (original document returned to Wright Field Technical Document Library (NASM.XXXX.0428), D00 / 218).

"Protection Against Cold and Frost-Bite in the Air," -- Bulletin of the Intelligence Section, Training Department -- 1, No.21, January 21, 1918. Photocopy.

"Estimate of U.S.S.R. Air Lift Capacity," Air Intelligence Report No. 100-14-34, April 26, 1946. Reference copy (original document returned to Wright Field Technical Document Library (NASM.XXXX.0428), C21 Russia / 32).
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
Russian Aeronautical Collection, ACC. 2006-0034, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Russian Aeronautical Collection
Russian Aeronautical Collection / Series 3: Soviet Union (World War II, 1941-1945)
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2006-0034-ref909

Mamoru Oishi Papers

Creator:
Oishi, Mamoru, 1918-1993  Search this
Names:
United States. War Department. Military Intelligence Service  Search this
Extent:
0.5 Cubic feet (1 box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Maps
Identity cards
Photograph albums
Booklets
Guidebooks
Dictionaries
Date:
circa 1941-1962
Scope and Contents:
The collection includes a photograph album containing photographs documenting Oishi's experiences as a Japanese American soldier during World War II and his time with the Military Intelligence Service; identification cards; maps and guidebooks; booklets issued to soldiers; language dictionaries; and miscellany.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into one series.
Biographical / Historical:
Oishi, a Nisei soldier, was recruited into the Military Intelligence Service, a unit primarily composed of Japanese Americans who were trained as linguists. Graduates of the MIS language school were attached to other military units and performed translation, interpretation, and interrogation services. WIth the MIS, Oishi spent time in Hawaii, Minnesota, New Guinea, Australia, and the Philippines.
Provenance:
Collection donated by Karen Oishi, 2015.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Genre/Form:
Maps -- 1940-1959.
Identity cards -- 1940-1950
Photograph albums -- 1940-1950
Booklets -- 1940-1950
Guidebooks -- 1940-1950
Dictionaries -- 1940-1950
Citation:
Mamoru Oishi Papers, ca. 1941-1962, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1420
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1420

Ralph Baer Innovative Lives Presentation

Creator:
Baer, Ralph H., 1922-2014  Search this
Harrison, William  Search this
Jerome and Dorothy Lemelson Center for the Study of Invention and Innovation.  Search this
Extent:
0.15 Cubic feet (1 box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Dvcs
Dvds
Date:
2009-08-15-2009
Scope and Contents note:
In a moderated conversation about his life and work, Baer reenacts, with his partner William Harrison, the first time he played "Oddyssey", the first home video game for the consumer market, which he invented, and answers questions from the audience.
Arrangement:
Divided into 3 series: Series 1, Original video (born digital); Series 2, Master videos; and Series 3, Reference videos..
Biographical/Historical note:
Ralph H. Baer (1922-2014) was born in Germany and immigrated to the United States with his family in 1938. A graduate of the National Radio Institute (1940), Baer worked as a radio technician in the New York City area, servicing all types of home and auto radios. During World War II, Baer served in the United States Army, one year stateside, and two years in Europe. He was assigned to Military Intelligence and became an expert on military small arms. Baer returned to the United States with eighteen tons of foreign small arms for use in exhibits at Aberdeen, Maryland; Springfield, Massachusetts Armory; and Ft. Riley, Kansas.

After the war, Baer attended the American Television Institute of Technology in Chicago, graduating with a BS in television engineering. In 1949, Baer joined a small electro medical equipment firm, Wappler, Inc., as their chief engineer. He designed and built surgical cutting machines, epilators, and low frequency pulse generating muscle-toning equipment. In 1951, Baer moved to Loral Electronics of Bronx, New York as a senior engineer, designing power line carrier signaling equipment for IBM. During 1952-1956, Baer worked at Transitron, Inc., in New York City as a chief engineer and later as vice president. In 1956, Baer joined Sanders Associates in Nashua, New Hampshire building airborne radar components. He became manager of the Electronic Design Department at Sanders and eventually Division Manager and Chief Engineer for Equipment Design. Baer retired in 1987.

At Sanders in 1966, Baer began an independent project experimenting with ways for consumers to interact with standard home television sets. Development of interactive TV Game (TVG) ideas became a company-supported project continued by Baer and assisted by William H. Harrison and William T. Rusch (download the TV Game chronology prepared by Ralph Baer in 2006). By mid-1967, ping pong videogames were played inside Sanders, patent disclosures were applied for, and hardware was designed. Baer and his associates called the devices they were developing "boxes" and numbered the various versions one through seven. In 1971, Magnavox became Sanders Associates's first videogame licensee. Between 1972 and 1975, Magnavox produced and sold over 700,000 units of Odyssey, a set of games played on its television receivers. Atari became a licensee in 1976 after the first of many lawsuits won by Sanders in pursuit of patent infringements.

During his tenure at Sanders and thereafter, Baer was a prolific inventor. His creations included many electronic toys and games and other consumer electronic products. Among the better known products based on Baer's work are Milton Bradley's Simon, Galoob's Smarty Bear Video, and Kenner's Laser Command. In 2004 President George W. Bush awarded Baer the National Medal of Technology.

Baer married Dena Whinston in 1952 and they had three children, James, Mark, and Nancy. Ralph Baer died on December 6, 2014, at the age of 92.
Provenance:
Jerome and Dorothy Lemelson Center for the Study of Invention and Innovation.
Restrictions:
Unrestricted research access on site by appointment.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning intellectual property rights. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions. Copyright held by the Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Games  Search this
Inventors -- 20th century  Search this
Inventions -- 20th century  Search this
Video games  Search this
Toys -- 20th century  Search this
Genre/Form:
DVCs
DVDs
Citation:
Ralph Baer Innovative Lives Presentation, August 15, 2009, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1179
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1179

The Korean War [computer file] : The SIGINT background / David A. Hatch with Robert Louis Benson

Title:
SIGINT background
Author:
Hatch, David A  Search this
Benson, Robert Louis  Search this
United States National Security Agency  Search this
Type:
Computer files
Place:
United Sates
Date:
2000
20th century
Topic:
Korean War, 1950-1953--Military intelligence  Search this
Military intelligence--History  Search this
Cryptography--History  Search this
Call number:
DS921.5.S7 (Internet)
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_612827

Walker Hancock interview excerpt

Creator:
Archives of American Art  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Conversations and talks
Podcast
MIME Type:
audio/mpeg
Uploaded:
Fri, 22 Nov 2013 07:00:00 -0500
Topic:
Art  Search this
American  Search this
See more episodes:
Oral History Collection from the Archives of American Art
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:podcasts_abc2fcc634f70ef4c4ea52774a353d51

#13 - 1973

Artist:
John McLaughlin, born Sharon, MA 1898-died Dana Point, CA 1976  Search this
Medium:
oil and acrylic on canvas
Dimensions:
60 x 48 x 1 1/8 in. (152.3 x 121.9 x 2.9 cm)
Type:
Painting
Date:
1973
Topic:
Abstract\geometric  Search this
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Bequest of Edith S. and Arthur J. Levin
Object number:
2005.5.47
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Painting and Sculpture
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/vk78f194415-fab0-4005-985e-2a6541e639d8
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_2005.5.47

Allan Pinkerton

Artist:
Alexander Gardner, 17 Oct 1821 - 10 Dec 1882  Search this
Sitter:
Allan Pinkerton, 25 Aug 1819 - 1 Jul 1884  Search this
Medium:
Albumen silver print
Dimensions:
Image: 17.1 x 23.1 cm (6 3/4 x 9 1/8")
Sheet: 17 x 23 cm (6 11/16 x 9 1/16")
Mat: 35.6 x 45.7 cm (14 x 18")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
September 1862
Topic:
Costume\Headgear\Hat  Search this
Equipment\Smoking Implements\Cigar  Search this
Nature & Environment\Plant\Tree  Search this
Nature & Environment\Animal\Horse  Search this
Architecture\Building\Tent  Search this
Equipment\Sports Equipment\Equestrian Gear\Reins  Search this
Exterior\Military Camp  Search this
Equipment\Sports Equipment\Equestrian Gear\Saddle  Search this
Allan Pinkerton: Male  Search this
Allan Pinkerton: Business and Finance\Businessperson  Search this
Allan Pinkerton: Literature\Writer\Detective  Search this
Allan Pinkerton: Law and Law Enforcement\Police\Detective  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.78.276
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4ce7244ca-8238-40be-9b57-d3ae2d4cc684
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.78.276

Model 1902

Measurements:
overall (padded): 26 in x 20 in x 3 1/2 in; 66.04 cm x 50.8 cm x 8.89 cm
Object Name:
Jacket
Other Terms:
Jacket; Man; Army; Military Intelligence; Lieutenant Colonel; Officer; Dress, Mess; Winter
Associated date:
1926
Credit Line:
Colonel Charles Wellington Furlong
ID Number:
AF.66910M
Catalog number:
66910M
Accession number:
237598
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, Military
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a2-78af-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_449225

insignia, pair of

Physical Description:
metal, bronze (?? material)
Measurements:
overall (single): 1 in x 1 in x 1/2 in; 2.54 cm x 2.54 cm x 1.27 cm
Object Name:
Insignia, Pair of
Other Terms:
Insignia, Pair of; Army; Collar; Military Intelligence; Officer
Credit Line:
War Department. Philadelphia Quartermaster Depot
ID Number:
AF.45285 [dup1]
Catalog number:
45285
Accession number:
172213
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, Military
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a1-b510-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_385632

photograph, Military Intelligence Service Language School students, Fort Snelling in Minnesota, c. 1940s

Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
ink (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 7 3/4 in x 33 in; 19.685 cm x 83.82 cm
Object Name:
photograph
Date made:
c. 1940s
Credit Line:
gift of Barbara Watanabe
ID Number:
2017.3123.55
Nonaccession number:
2017.3123
Catalog number:
2017.3123.55
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, Japanese American
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b3-1384-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1840248

album, The Military Intelligence Service Language School album and yearbook, 1946

Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
fabric (front material)
Measurements:
overall: 11 in x 8 3/4 in; 27.94 cm x 22.225 cm
Object Name:
album
Subject:
Japanese-American  Search this
World War II  Search this
Related event:
Japanese American Internment  Search this
World War II  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Greg Marutani
ID Number:
2016.3041.01
Catalog number:
2016.3041.01
Nonaccession number:
2016.3041
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, Japanese American
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b2-ab47-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1806117

62nd Army Band, Military Intelligence Corps Band ACU

Physical Description:
fabric (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 2 in x 4 in; 5.08 cm x 10.16 cm
Object Name:
insginia
Date made:
no date
Subject:
Army  Search this
ID Number:
2016.0111.041
Accession number:
2016.0111
Catalog number:
2016.0111.041
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, Military
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b2-52c7-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1809062

62nd Army Band, Military Intelligence Corps Band Full Color

Physical Description:
fabric (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 2 in x 4 in; 5.08 cm x 10.16 cm
Object Name:
insignia
Date made:
no date
Subject:
Army  Search this
ID Number:
2016.0111.042
Accession number:
2016.0111
Catalog number:
2016.0111.042
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, Military
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b2-52c8-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1809063

62nd Army Band, Military Intelligence Corps Band Full Color w/ hook

Physical Description:
fabric (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 2 in x 4 in; 5.08 cm x 10.16 cm
Object Name:
insignia
Date made:
no date
Subject:
Army  Search this
ID Number:
2016.0111.043
Accession number:
2016.0111
Catalog number:
2016.0111.043
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, Military
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b2-52c9-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1809064

111th Military Intelligence Brigade ACU w/ hooks

Physical Description:
fabric (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 3 1/2 in x 3 in; 8.89 cm x 7.62 cm
Object Name:
insignia
Date made:
no date
Subject:
Army  Search this
ID Number:
2016.0111.070
Accession number:
2016.0111
Catalog number:
2016.0111.070
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, Military
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b2-4a6b-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1809185

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