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The Middle Passage Brooch

Designer:
Phyllis Bowdwin, American, b. 1941  Search this
Manufacturer:
Who Deserves It More Than You?  Search this
Medium:
brass, cowrie shell
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 6.5 x 10.2 x 1.3 cm (2 9/16 x 4 x 1/2in.)
Type:
jewelry
Decorative Arts
brooch
Object Name:
brooch
Made in:
USA
Date:
1993–96
Credit Line:
Museum purchase from Monet Jewelry Fund
Accession Number:
1997-3-1
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Product Design and Decorative Arts Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kq446f6941f-5b16-48f1-ba1e-c9899a61196b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_1997-3-1
Online Media:

The Middle Passage - African Holocaust Brooch

Designer:
Phyllis Bowdwin, American, b. 1941  Search this
Manufacturer:
Who Deserves It More Than You?  Search this
Medium:
silver
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 5.5 × 10.1 × 1 cm (2 3/16 in. × 4 in. × 3/8 in.)
Type:
jewelry
Decorative Arts
Brooch
Object Name:
Brooch
Manufactured in:
New York, New York, USA
Date:
1993–96
Credit Line:
Museum purchase from Monet Jewelry Fund
Accession Number:
1997-3-2
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Product Design and Decorative Arts Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kq448b13e08-412d-4ba7-8b44-2000ed99b50f
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_1997-3-2
Online Media:

Identification button worn by enslaved persons on Golden Grove Plantation

Created by:
Unidentified  Search this
Used by:
David Baillie, British, 1786 - 1861  Search this
Medium:
pewter
Dimensions:
Diameter: 13/16 in. (2.1 cm), 4.4Grams
Type:
buttons (fasteners)
buttons (information artifacts)
Place collected:
Georgia, United States, North and Central America
Place used:
Demerara-Mahaica, Guyana, Caribbean, South America
Date:
1828-1834
Topic:
African American  Search this
Business  Search this
Commerce  Search this
Middle Passage  Search this
Slavery  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2009.32.5
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Slavery and Freedom Objects
Awards and Medals
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5a6f0d26f-672b-4d64-9b1b-1af477dfeb48
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2009.32.5
Online Media:

Roots

Created by:
Romare Bearden, American, 1911 - 1988  Search this
Medium:
lithographic ink on paper (fiber product)
Dimensions:
H x W: 29 7/16 x 21 9/16 in. (74.8 x 54.8 cm)
Type:
lithographs
Date:
1977
Topic:
African American  Search this
Africa  Search this
Art  Search this
Design  Search this
Middle Passage  Search this
Slavery  Search this
Trans Atlantic slave trade  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2010.3.3
Restrictions & Rights:
© Romare Bearden Foundation / Licensed by VAGA at Artists Rights Society (ARS), NY . Permission required for use.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Visual Arts
Decorative Arts, Craft, and Design
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5d98da94d-c1e9-4eb7-be7b-fe27431bb6dd
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2010.3.3

Middle Passage: Memory, History, Metaphor

Collection Collector:
Maltsby, Portia  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Program in African American Culture  Search this
Container:
Box 25, Folder 15
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1999 February 3-6
Scope and Contents:
The eighteenth annual national conference in observance of African History Month was a symposium and community tribute held from Wednesday, February 3, through Saturday, February 6, 1999, in the Carmichael Auditorium, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution. The Middle Passage conference was launched by the Program on African American Culture series "African Americans at the Millennium: From Middle Passage to Cyberspace". The conference saluted three pioneering educators: Dr. John Henrik Clarke, Dr. Adelaide M. Cromwell and Dr. Joseph E. Harris.

Participants included:

Ronald Bailey, Ph.D., chair of the Department of African-American Studies, Northeastern University

Michael L. Blakey, Ph.D., professor of anthropology and anatomy and curator of the W. Montague Cobb Human Skeletal Collection, Howard University

Kim D. Butler, Ph.D., assistant professor, Department of Africana Studies, Rutgers University

Adama J. Conteh, Ph.D., assistant professor of history, Hampton University

Collaborative Public Art Team; Houston Conwill,sculptor; Estella Conwill Majozo, poet; and Joseph DePace, architect

C. Daniel Dawson, photographer and filmmaker

Tom Feelings, renowned artist and illustrator of children's books

Haile Gerima, film producer, director, writer, and editor

Michael A. Gomez, Ph.D., professor of history, University of Georgia; and adjunct faculty, Spelman College

Leslie King Hammond, Ph.D., artist and illustrator and dean of graduate studies, Maryland Institute College of Art

Sylvia Hill, Ph.D, chair of the Department of Urban Affairs, University of the District of Columbia

James Oliver Horton, Ph.D., Benjamin Banneker Professor of American Studies and History, George Washington University

Noel Ignatiev, Ph.D., a visiting assistant professor of history, Bowdoin College

Joseph E. Inikori, Ph.D., a professor of history and associate director, Frederick Douglass Institute for African and African-American Studies, University of Rochester

Aisha Kahil, performing artist and master teacher in voice and dance and member of the a cappella ensemble Sweet Honey in the Rock

Gilberto Leal, a geologist, labor union and political party leader

Clarence Lusane, Ph.D., political scientist and author

Deborah L. Mack, Ph.D., director of public programs and exhibitions, National Underground Railroad Freedom Center in Cincinnati

Lorna McDaniel, Ph.D., historian and founding editor of New Directions: Readings in African Diaspora Music

Alice McGill, storyteller, author and educator

Diana Baird N'Diaye, Ph.D., a folklorist, anthropologist, and program curator, Smithsonian Institution's Center for Folklife Programs and Cultural Studies

Sylvia Ojukutu-Macauley, Ph.D., visiting assistant professor of history, Georgetown University

Colin A. Palmer, Ph.D., Distinguished Professor of History, New York Graduate School, City University

Carla L. Peterson, Ph.D., professor, Department of English and Comparative Literature, University of Maryland

Bernice Johnson Reagon, Ph.D., curator emerita, National Museum of American History (NMAH); and Distinguished Professor of History, American University

Fath Davis Ruffins, historian at the National Museum of American History

Llewellyn Smith, television producer and playwright

Elisée Soumonni, Ph.D., lecturer, department of history, Université Nationale du Bénin

John Thornton, Ph.D., professor of history, Millersville University

Eleanor W. Traylor, Ph.D., graduate professor of English and chair of the Department of English, Howard University

Sheila S. Walker, Ph.D., Annabel Irion Worsham Centennial Professor in Liberal Arts and director of the Center for African and African American Studies, University of Texas

Margaret Washington, Ph.D., history department, Cornell University

Jacquie Gales Webb, producer, Smithsonian Productions; and radio host

Olabiyi Yai, Ph.D., ambassador from Bénin

African Heritage Dancers and Drummers, a youth intervention program that provides rich portrayals of traditional West African dance, music, crafts, and folklore

Melvin Deal, founder and artistic director of the African Heritage Dancers and Drummers

Olufunmilayo Jomo, master teacher and performance artist of African dance and percussion

Kimberly A. Kelly, Ford Foundation Scholar, master's program, European decorative arts, Parsons/Cooper-Hewitt

Kono Youth Ensemble, founded in 1995 to awaken young people here and abroad to the power and beauty of traditional West African dance and drum

Djimo Kouyate, born in Dianna Senegal, is a diali, an oral historian and musician of Manding traditions

Amshatar Monroe, advocate of indigenous culture and spirituality and founder of Sacred Space

Pam Rogers, director of In Process…, Includes: Michelle Lanchester, Yasmeen Williams, Tammy Adair, Ayo Ngozi, Paula Pree, and Reverend Amitiyah Elayne Hyman

Sacred Space: Where Indigenous Paths Meet, a nonprofit organization committed to providing cultural and educational activities, council of elders: Baba Wande Abimbola, Nana Kwabena Brown, Mounain Eagle Woman (Mama Binta-Bisa Mati), Ione, Baba Kwame Ishangi, and Iya N'Ifa Efunyale (Mother) Taylor

Program number AC408.108.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Access and use of audiovisual materials available in the Archives Center reading room or by requesting copies of audiovisual materials at RightsReproductions@si.edu
Collection Rights:
Copyright restrictions exist. Collection items available for reproduction Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Program in African American Culture Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Program in African American Culture Collection
Program in African American Culture Collection / Series 1: Program Files
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep89129c4d2-357d-49d4-8642-fe35fadc394e
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0408-ref1315

Identification button used by Thomas Porter II

Created by:
Unidentified  Search this
Used by:
Thomas Porter II, British, 1790 - 1857  Search this
Medium:
copper alloy
Dimensions:
Diameter: 3/4 in. (1.9 cm), 2.8Grams
Type:
buttons (fasteners)
buttons (information artifacts)
Place collected:
Georgia, United States, North and Central America
Place used:
Demerara-Mahaica, Guyana, Caribbean, South America
Date:
ca. 1820
Topic:
African American  Search this
Business  Search this
Commerce  Search this
Middle Passage  Search this
Slavery  Search this
Trans Atlantic slave trade  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2009.32.4
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Slavery and Freedom Objects
Awards and Medals
Exhibition:
Slavery and Freedom
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Concourse 3, C3 053
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd574df6dda-c31e-41e3-89fe-beddd9022be7
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2009.32.4
Online Media:

Identification button used by Thomas Porter II

Manufactured by:
I. Nutting & Son, British, ca.1805 - 1840  Search this
Used by:
Thomas Porter II, British, 1790 - 1857  Search this
Medium:
pewter
Dimensions:
Diameter: 13/16 in. (2.1 cm), 3.2Grams
Type:
buttons (fasteners)
buttons (information artifacts)
Place collected:
Georgia, United States, North and Central America
Place used:
Demerara-Mahaica, Guyana, Caribbean, South America
Date:
ca. 1820
Topic:
African American  Search this
Business  Search this
Commerce  Search this
Middle Passage  Search this
Slavery  Search this
Trans Atlantic slave trade  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2009.32.2
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Slavery and Freedom Objects
Awards and Medals
Exhibition:
Slavery and Freedom
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Concourse 3, C3 053
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd529db2a55-c81b-41b4-9282-68a33c342371
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2009.32.2
Online Media:

Identification button used by Thomas Porter II

Manufactured by:
I. Nutting & Son, British, ca.1805 - 1840  Search this
Used by:
Thomas Porter II, British, 1790 - 1857  Search this
Medium:
pewter
Dimensions:
Diameter: 13/16 in. (2.1 cm), 3.9Grams
Type:
buttons (fasteners)
buttons (information artifacts)
Place collected:
Georgia, United States, North and Central America
Place used:
Demerara-Mahaica, Guyana, Caribbean, South America
Date:
ca. 1820
Topic:
African American  Search this
Business  Search this
Commerce  Search this
Middle Passage  Search this
Slavery  Search this
Trans Atlantic slave trade  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2009.32.1
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Slavery and Freedom Objects
Awards and Medals
Exhibition:
Slavery and Freedom
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Concourse 3, C3 053
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd538c17a61-69b3-46bf-a657-95362382579e
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2009.32.1
Online Media:

Set of wrought iron leg shackles

Created by:
Unidentified  Search this
Medium:
iron
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 2 1/2 x 9 x 1 1/4 in. (6.4 x 22.9 x 3.2 cm)
Type:
shackles
Place made:
Africa
Date:
Before 1860
Topic:
African American  Search this
Africa  Search this
Middle Passage  Search this
Slavery  Search this
Trans Atlantic slave trade  Search this
Violence  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2008.10.4
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Slavery and Freedom Objects
Exhibition:
Slavery and Freedom
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Concourse 3, C3 053
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5964f8211-4ed9-4291-b9dc-686ae3d6daf0
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2008.10.4
Online Media:

Identification button used by Thomas Porter II

Created by:
Unidentified  Search this
Used by:
Thomas Porter II, British, 1790 - 1857  Search this
Medium:
copper alloy
Dimensions:
Diameter: 3/4 in. (1.9 cm), 2.7Grams
Type:
buttons (fasteners)
buttons (information artifacts)
Place collected:
Georgia, United States, North and Central America
Place used:
Demerara-Mahaica, Guyana, Caribbean, South America
Date:
ca. 1820
Topic:
African American  Search this
Business  Search this
Commerce  Search this
Middle Passage  Search this
Slavery  Search this
Trans Atlantic slave trade  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2009.32.3
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Slavery and Freedom Objects
Awards and Medals
Exhibition:
Slavery and Freedom
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Concourse 3, C3 053
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5a07edb0b-8c52-4a51-9b88-359fbe47e475
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2009.32.3
Online Media:

An Offering #6

Created by:
Stephen Towns, American, born 1980  Search this
Medium:
acrylic and oil paint, graphite, bristol board, metal leaf, natural and synthetic cloth fabric, nylon tulle, polyester and cotton thread, and crystal glass beads on wood panel
Dimensions:
H x W x D (a: wood panel): 24 × 15 15/16 × 1 9/16 in. (61 × 40.5 × 4 cm)
H x W (b: quilt panel): 20 1/16 × 15 13/16 in. (50.9 × 40.2 cm)
Type:
panel paintings
fiber art
portraits
mixed media
Place made:
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, North and Central America
Date:
2017
Topic:
African American  Search this
African diaspora  Search this
Art  Search this
Identity  Search this
Middle Passage  Search this
Slavery  Search this
Spirituality  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2019.25.6ab
Restrictions & Rights:
© Stephen Towns
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Portfolio/Series:
An Offering
Classification:
Visual Arts
Exhibition:
Reckoning: Protest. Defiance. Resilience.
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Culture/Fourth Floor, 4 052
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd50b8249d0-2a6a-4a71-bb45-e920f8658d00
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2019.25.6ab
Online Media:

An Offering #1

Created by:
Stephen Towns, American, born 1980  Search this
Medium:
acrylic and oil paint, graphite, bristol board, metal leaf, natural and synthetic cloth fabric, nylon tulle, polyester and cotton thread, and crystal glass beads on wood panel
Dimensions:
H x W x D (overall): 39 1/2 × 16 1/2 × 1 3/4 in. (100.3 × 41.9 × 4.4 cm)
H x W x D (a: panel): 24 1/2 × 16 × 1 9/16 in. (62.2 × 40.6 × 4 cm)
H x W (b: banner): 19 11/16 × 16 3/8 in. (50 × 41.6 cm)
Type:
panel paintings
fiber art
portraits
mixed media
Place made:
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, North and Central America
Date:
2017
Topic:
African American  Search this
African diaspora  Search this
Art  Search this
Identity  Search this
Middle Passage  Search this
Slavery  Search this
Spirituality  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2019.25.1ab
Restrictions & Rights:
© Stephen Towns
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Portfolio/Series:
An Offering
Classification:
Visual Arts
Exhibition:
Reckoning: Protest. Defiance. Resilience.
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Culture/Fourth Floor, 4 052
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd592b8317e-91e9-412e-a74f-baa7a2a0d7b1
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2019.25.1ab
Online Media:

An Offering #2

Created by:
Stephen Towns, American, born 1980  Search this
Medium:
acrylic and oil paint, graphite, bristol board, metal leaf, natural and synthetic cloth fabric, nylon tulle, polyester and cotton thread, and crystal glass beads on wood panel
Dimensions:
H x W x D (overall): 40 × 16 5/8 × 1 7/8 in. (101.6 × 42.2 × 4.8 cm)
H x W x D (a: panel): 24 1/8 × 16 1/8 × 1 9/16 in. (61.3 × 40.9 × 4 cm)
H x W (b: banner): 21 5/8 × 16 7/16 in. (55 × 41.8 cm)
Type:
panel paintings
fiber art
portraits
mixed media
Place made:
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, North and Central America
Date:
2017
Topic:
African American  Search this
African diaspora  Search this
Art  Search this
Identity  Search this
Middle Passage  Search this
Slavery  Search this
Spirituality  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2019.25.2ab
Restrictions & Rights:
© Stephen Towns
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Portfolio/Series:
An Offering
Classification:
Visual Arts
Exhibition:
Reckoning: Protest. Defiance. Resilience.
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Culture/Fourth Floor, 4 052
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd533e77cf0-d15f-45e0-b44a-b7afa9e8aae4
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2019.25.2ab
Online Media:

An Offering #5

Created by:
Stephen Towns, American, born 1980  Search this
Medium:
acrylic and oil paint, graphite, bristol board, metal leaf, natural and synthetic cloth fabric, nylon tulle, polyester and cotton thread, and crystal glass beads on wood panel
Dimensions:
H x W x D (overall): 40 × 16 × 1 7/8 in. (101.6 × 40.6 × 4.8 cm)
H x W x D (a: panel): 23 7/8 × 15 15/16 × 1 9/16 in. (60.7 × 40.5 × 4 cm)
H x W (b: banner): 19 13/16 × 15 3/4 in. (50.4 × 40 cm)
Type:
panel paintings
fiber art
portraits
mixed media
Place made:
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, North and Central America
Date:
2017
Topic:
African American  Search this
African diaspora  Search this
Art  Search this
Identity  Search this
Middle Passage  Search this
Slavery  Search this
Spirituality  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2019.25.5ab
Restrictions & Rights:
© Stephen Towns
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Portfolio/Series:
An Offering
Classification:
Visual Arts
Exhibition:
Reckoning: Protest. Defiance. Resilience.
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Culture/Fourth Floor, 4 052
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd53d3df9da-3cbb-4653-bb47-977382156677
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2019.25.5ab
Online Media:

An Offering #7

Created by:
Stephen Towns, American, born 1980  Search this
Medium:
acrylic and oil paint, graphite, bristol board, metal leaf, natural and synthetic cloth fabric, nylon tulle, polyester and cotton thread, and crystal glass beads on wood panel
Dimensions:
H x W x D (a: wood panel): 23 7/8 × 16 × 1 9/16 in. (60.7 × 40.6 × 4 cm)
H x W (b: quilt panel): 19 1/2 × 16 1/8 in. (49.6 × 41 cm)
Type:
panel paintings
fiber art
portraits
mixed media
Place made:
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, North and Central America
Date:
2017
Topic:
African American  Search this
African diaspora  Search this
Art  Search this
Identity  Search this
Middle Passage  Search this
Slavery  Search this
Spirituality  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2019.25.7ab
Restrictions & Rights:
© Stephen Towns
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Portfolio/Series:
An Offering
Classification:
Visual Arts
Exhibition:
Reckoning: Protest. Defiance. Resilience.
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Culture/Fourth Floor, 4 052
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd59e9965ff-66af-4300-a802-0ea6b17ccbbf
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2019.25.7ab
Online Media:

An Offering #8

Created by:
Stephen Towns, American, born 1980  Search this
Medium:
acrylic and oil paint, graphite, bristol board, metal leaf, natural and synthetic cloth fabric, nylon tulle, polyester and cotton thread, and crystal glass beads on wood panel
Dimensions:
H x W x D (a: wood panel): 24 × 16 × 1 9/16 in. (61 × 40.6 × 4 cm)
H x W (b: quilt panel): 20 1/2 × 16 1/8 in. (52.1 × 41 cm)
Type:
panel paintings
fiber art
portraits
mixed media
Place made:
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, North and Central America
Date:
2017
Topic:
African American  Search this
African diaspora  Search this
Art  Search this
Identity  Search this
Middle Passage  Search this
Slavery  Search this
Spirituality  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2019.25.8ab
Restrictions & Rights:
© Stephen Towns
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Portfolio/Series:
An Offering
Classification:
Visual Arts
Exhibition:
Reckoning: Protest. Defiance. Resilience.
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Culture/Fourth Floor, 4 052
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd52deac787-78ca-475b-9f7e-cd447a9f3d2c
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2019.25.8ab
Online Media:

An Offering #4

Created by:
Stephen Towns, American, born 1980  Search this
Medium:
acrylic and oil paint, graphite, bristol board, metal leaf, natural and synthetic cloth fabric, nylon tulle, polyester and cotton thread, and crystal glass beads on wood panel
Dimensions:
H x W x D (overall): 40 × 16 × 1 7/8 in. (101.6 × 40.6 × 4.8 cm)
H x W x D (a: panel): 24 3/16 × 15 3/4 × 1 9/16 in. (61.5 × 40 × 4 cm)
H x W (b: banner): 19 9/16 × 15 3/4 in. (49.7 × 40 cm)
Type:
panel paintings
fiber art
portraits
mixed media
Place made:
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, North and Central America
Date:
2017
Topic:
African American  Search this
African diaspora  Search this
Art  Search this
Identity  Search this
Middle Passage  Search this
Slavery  Search this
Spirituality  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2019.25.4ab
Restrictions & Rights:
© Stephen Towns
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Portfolio/Series:
An Offering
Classification:
Visual Arts
Exhibition:
Reckoning: Protest. Defiance. Resilience.
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Culture/Fourth Floor, 4 052
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd558f9b9a3-c718-4ac4-8196-52dfb512f292
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2019.25.4ab
Online Media:

Set of wrought iron leg shackles

Created by:
Unidentified  Search this
Medium:
wrought iron
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 4 1/8 x 14 7/8 x 3 7/8 in. (10.5 x 37.8 x 9.8 cm)
Type:
shackles
Place made:
Africa
Date:
before 1863
Topic:
African American  Search this
Africa  Search this
Middle Passage  Search this
Slavery  Search this
Trans Atlantic slave trade  Search this
Violence  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2008.10.2
Restrictions & Rights:
Public Domain
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Slavery and Freedom Objects
Exhibition:
Slavery and Freedom
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Concourse 3, C3 053
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd547b46b55-750a-4a85-840a-9a4748aa593e
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2008.10.2

Ceremonial basket adorned with cowrie shells

Created by:
Unidentified  Search this
Medium:
fiber and cowrie shell
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 5 5/8 × 6 1/2 × 6 1/2 in. (14.3 × 16.5 × 16.5 cm)
Type:
baskets
Place made:
Mossuril, Nampula, Mozambique, Africa
Place used:
Cape Town, Western Cape, South Africa, Africa
Date:
2015
Topic:
African American  Search this
Africa  Search this
Craftsmanship  Search this
Design  Search this
Folklife  Search this
Middle Passage  Search this
Ornamentation  Search this
Trans Atlantic slave trade  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2016.168ab
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Slavery and Freedom Objects
Decorative Arts, Craft, and Design
Religious and Sacred Objects
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5c1dcaef5-0d51-4e34-8df7-27f2ee6dd95a
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2016.168ab
Online Media:

Blueprint

Created by:
Terry Boddie, American, born 1965  Search this
Medium:
Gelatin silver emulsion, iron blue toner on paper
Dimensions:
H x W (Sheet): 22 1/2 × 29 1/2 in. (57.2 × 74.9 cm)
H x W x D (Frame): 28 11/16 × 35 15/16 × 1 11/16 in. (72.8 × 91.3 × 4.3 cm)
Type:
photographic prints
Place depicted:
Harlem, Manhattan, New York City, New York, United States, North and Central America
Date:
2001
Topic:
African American  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Art  Search this
Blues (Music)  Search this
Design  Search this
Graphic design  Search this
Housing  Search this
Middle Passage  Search this
Music  Search this
Photography  Search this
Slavery  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2017.75
Restrictions & Rights:
© Terry Boddie
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Visual Arts
Media Arts-Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd534217100-9df1-4cb0-b30a-a2770ad95036
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2017.75

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