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Folder 10 Microrobots and the Phantom, 1996

Collection Creator::
Lemelson Center  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 1
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 03-133, Lemelson Center, Audiovisual Records
See more items in:
Audiovisual Records
Audiovisual Records / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa03-133-refidd1e366

Massie/McLurkin Innovative Lives Presentation and Interviews

Topic:
Innovative Lives Program (NMAH public program series)
Creator:
Jerome and Dorothy Lemelson Center for the Study of Invention and Innovation.  Search this
Inventor:
Massie, Thomas  Search this
McLurkin, James  Search this
Names:
Massachusetts Institute of Technology  Search this
SensAble Technologies (formerly SensAble Devices, Inc.)  Search this
Interviewer:
Judd, Michael  Search this
Extent:
1 Cubic foot (3 boxes, 5 hours)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Videotapes
Interviews
Oral history
Date:
1995; 1997.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of approximately 5 hours of original, master and reference video footage and photographs, documenting Thomas H. Massie and James McLurkin in 1995 and 1997. Massie invented the Phantom Haptic Interface, an electronic device giving existing computer technology the ability to simulate the sense of touch. James McLurkin invented a community of microrobotic ants that detect food, pass messages, and pick up small objects. Both inventors discuss their inventions and potential applications, as well as their backgrounds and experience as student inventors.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into four series.

Series 1: Orginal Videos

Series 2: Master Videos

Series 3: Reference Videos

Series 4: Photographs
Biographical / Historical:
Thomas Massie was born in West Virginia in 1969 and grew up in Vanceburg, Kentucky. He graduated from Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in 1993 with a Bachelors of Science in Electrical Engineering and a masters in Mechanical Engineering in 1995. AT MIT's Artificial Intelligence (AI) Laboratory Massie developed, with his adviser J. Kenneth Salisbury, a principal research scientist at the AI Lab, and later built, a prototype system that provides users with surprisingly vivid tactile impressions of nonexistent virtual objects. Massie's invention is called the Phantom Haptic Interface. In August of 1993, Massie and Salisbury established SensAble Devices Inc., in Cambridge, MA to manufacture the arm. Massie later changed the name of the company to SensAble Technologies.

James McLurkin was raised in Baldwin, New York and graduated from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in 1995 with a Bachelors degree in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science. McLurkin built upon the earlier work of robot communities. Each robot is essentially identical to Cleo, a micro-robot he designed that was once considered as a basis for a remote-controlled colon surgery device. Each robot ant has a pair of tiny treads powered by a battery and two motors taken from vibrating beepers. The robots are guided away from the objects they hit and toward illumination sources by antennae and light sensors, and they also have mandibles powered by a third motor to pick up bits of food--quarter inch balls of crumpled brass.
Provenance:
This collection was created by the Innovative Lives Program of The Jerome and Dorothy Lemelson Center for the Study of Invention and Innovation on October 27, 1995. The Innovative Lives series brings young people and American inventors together to discuss inventions and the creative process and to experiment and play with hands-on activities related to each inventor's product.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but the original videos are stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.

Signed releases on file, but releases not available for Western School students.
Topic:
Electronic engineers -- 20th century  Search this
Artificial intelligence -- 20th century  Search this
Computer science  Search this
Inventions -- 20th century  Search this
Electronics -- 20th century  Search this
Microrobotics  Search this
Inventors -- 20th century  Search this
Remote-control -- 20th century  Search this
Robotics -- 20th century  Search this
Slides (Photography)  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Genre/Form:
Videotapes -- 1990-2000
Interviews -- 1980-2000
Oral history -- 1990-2000
Citation:
Massie/McLurkin Innovative Lives Presentation and Interviews, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0603
See more items in:
Massie/McLurkin Innovative Lives Presentation and Interviews
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0603
Online Media:

Massie/McLurkin Innovative Lives Program, MV 603.1

Collection Creator:
Jerome and Dorothy Lemelson Center for the Study of Invention and Innovation.  Search this
Collection Inventor:
Massie, Thomas  Search this
McLurkin, James  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1995-10-27
Scope and Contents:
Massie/McLurkin Innovative Lives Program

TRT: 60:00

Begins with students shouting "attitude is altitude." Introductory remarks by Art Molella, Director of the Lemelson Center. Welcome to Thomas Massie and James McLurkin, both from Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). McLurkin opens the program by explaining his microrobots and robotic communities. The idea is to get the robots to work like ants communicating with each other and having complex behaviors. Students join McLurkin at work tables to have the "ants" move forward, move toward the light, and move from a bump. The objective is to get the ants to move through checkpoints using a flash light and blocks. The applications for these microrobots are: surgical, use in nuclear piping to check for cracks, and as cameras for the Central Intelligence Agency. Massie begins his presentation telling students to think about inventors and inventions that surround us. Shows a videotape of how he got interested in inventing. Massie and McLurkin assisted the students in an exercise to take apart a radio and find certain parts. The students are asked what else they might invent with these parts. Students join Massie and learn to use the Phantom.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but the original videos are stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.

Signed releases on file, but releases not available for Western School students.
Collection Citation:
Massie/McLurkin Innovative Lives Presentation and Interviews, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Massie/McLurkin Innovative Lives Presentation and Interviews
Massie/McLurkin Innovative Lives Presentation and Interviews / Series 2: Master Videos
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0603-ref515

Massie/McLurkin Innovative Lives Program, MV 603.2

Collection Creator:
Jerome and Dorothy Lemelson Center for the Study of Invention and Innovation.  Search this
Collection Inventor:
Massie, Thomas  Search this
McLurkin, James  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1995-10-27
Scope and Contents:
Massie/McLurkin Innovative Lives Program

TRT: 47:00

Introductory remarks by Arthur Molella. McLurkin opens the program by explaining his microrobots and robotic communities. The idea is to get the robots to work like ants communicating with each other and having complex behaviors. Massie presents his work with the Phantom, a device that lets you feel imaginary objects as the computer generates a force field. Students participate in taking apart radios and using the Phantom. Several students speak to the camera, but there is no audio and the when there is audio, it does not match the images. Question and answer period with students: how long does it take to make a robot? Have you ever taken something apart and not been able to get it back together? Why did you choose ants? Do you make your own batteries? Did you always build things? What is the cost of one ant? How small can you make an ant? How much does the Phantom cost?
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but the original videos are stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.

Signed releases on file, but releases not available for Western School students.
Collection Citation:
Massie/McLurkin Innovative Lives Presentation and Interviews, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Massie/McLurkin Innovative Lives Presentation and Interviews
Massie/McLurkin Innovative Lives Presentation and Interviews / Series 2: Master Videos
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0603-ref516

James McLurkin Footage, MV 603.4

Collection Creator:
Jerome and Dorothy Lemelson Center for the Study of Invention and Innovation.  Search this
Collection Inventor:
Massie, Thomas  Search this
McLurkin, James  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1997-05
Scope and Contents:
James McLurkin Footage

TRT: 30:00

Footage of McLurkin at MIT lab using equipment in the machine shop and building ants. McLurkin's latest project is to build robots for exploring the planet Mars called "rockettes." Working in conjunction with NASA's Jet Propulsion Lab, the rockette's would bring back rock samples and collect other types of data that could be transmitted by video or sent to a main rover that could then transmit to Earth. Describes how rockette's differ from his microrobots. Discusses his work with "hopping" robots that would hop over obstacles. The goal is to have the robots hop at least a foot. McLurkin is studying nature to better understand how insects—such as dragon flies and crickets— work and how it can inform his work. The next step in McLurkin's career is to go to graduate school at the University of California at Berkley to study electrical engineering as well as additional course work in physics, biology, science and math.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but the original videos are stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.

Signed releases on file, but releases not available for Western School students.
Collection Citation:
Massie/McLurkin Innovative Lives Presentation and Interviews, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Massie/McLurkin Innovative Lives Presentation and Interviews
Massie/McLurkin Innovative Lives Presentation and Interviews / Series 2: Master Videos
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0603-ref518

James McLurkin Footage, MV 603.4

Collection Creator:
Jerome and Dorothy Lemelson Center for the Study of Invention and Innovation.  Search this
Collection Inventor:
Massie, Thomas  Search this
McLurkin, James  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1997-05
Scope and Contents:
James McLurkin Footage

TRT: 30:00

Footage of McLurkin at MIT lab using equipment in the machine shop and building ants. McLurkin's latest project is to build robots for exploring the planet Mars called "rockettes." Working in conjunction with NASA's Jet Propulsion Lab, the rockette's would bring back rock samples and collect other types of data that could be transmitted by video or sent to a main rover that could then transmit to Earth. Describes how rockette's differ from his microrobots. Discusses his work with "hopping" robots that would hop over obstacles. The goal is to have the robots hop at least a foot. McLurkin is studying nature to better understand how insects—such as dragon flies and crickets— work and how it can inform his work. The next step in McLurkin's career is to go to graduate school at the University of California at Berkley to study electrical engineering as well as additional course work in physics, biology, science and math.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but the original videos are stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.

Signed releases on file, but releases not available for Western School students.
Collection Citation:
Massie/McLurkin Innovative Lives Presentation and Interviews, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Massie/McLurkin Innovative Lives Presentation and Interviews
Massie/McLurkin Innovative Lives Presentation and Interviews / Series 2: Master Videos
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0603-ref519

EMRoS (Epson Micro Robot System)

Measurements:
overall - box: 12 5/8 in x 5 5/8 in x 1 1/4 in; 32.0675 cm x 14.2875 cm x 3.175 cm
overall - presentation case: 1 1/8 in x 4 7/8 in x 3 7/8 in; 2.8575 cm x 12.3825 cm x 9.8425 cm
overall - document case: 1 in x 5 in x 7 1/2 in; 2.54 cm x 12.7 cm x 19.05 cm
overall - micro-robot: 1/2 in x 1 1/4 in x 1 1/2 in; 1.27 cm x 3.175 cm x 3.81 cm
Object Name:
micro robots with presentation case
microrobots with presentation case
ID Number:
2010.0192.01
Accession number:
2010.0192
Catalog number:
2010.0192.01
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Mechanisms
Science & Mathematics
Robots and Automatons
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ad-6f89-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1404647
Online Media:

How Tiny, Microbe-Propelled Bots Could Deliver Drugs in Our Bodies

Creator:
Smithsonian Magazine  Search this
Type:
Blog posts
Smithsonian staff publications
Blog posts
Published Date:
Wed, 25 Sep 2019 18:35:33 +0000
Topic:
Custom RSS  Search this
See more posts:
Smithsonian Article Database
Data Source:
Smithsonian Magazine
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:posts_b092259c86ccb049dbfbe46c918cd7de

Active matter / edited by Skylar Tibbits

Editor:
Tibbits, Skylar  Search this
Physical description:
351 pages : illustrations (chiefly color) ; 32 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
2017
Topic:
Smart materials  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1090429

Watch This Piece of Paper Fold Itself Up and Walk Away

Creator:
Smithsonian Magazine  Search this
Type:
Blog posts
Smithsonian staff publications
Blog posts
Published Date:
Tue, 10 Nov 2015 18:14:22 +0000
Topic:
Search this
See more post:
Smithsonian Article Database
Data Source:
Smithsonian Magazine
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:posts_6c4573bebe7578bbe09e21ea7261e2f8

The Sci-Fi Technology that Could Power Microbots

Creator:
Smithsonian Magazine  Search this
Type:
Blog posts
Smithsonian staff publications
Blog posts
Published Date:
Tue, 08 Aug 2017 13:24:26 +0000
Topic:
Search this
See more posts:
Smithsonian Article Database
Data Source:
Smithsonian Magazine
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:posts_78b943c64c79fe39fa19a2d608384c5c

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