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Tomás Ybarra-Frausto research material, 1965-2004

Creator:
Ybarra-Frausto, Tomás, 1938-  Search this
Ybarra-Frausto, Tomás, 1938-  Search this
Subject:
Garza, Carmen Lomas  Search this
Goldman, Shifra M.  Search this
Mesa-Bains, Amalia  Search this
Mexican Museum  Search this
Studio 24 (San Francisco, Calif.)  Search this
Royal Chicano Air Force  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Slides (photographs)
Interviews
Place:
Mexico -- Religious life and customs
Topic:
Santos (Art)  Search this
Household shrines -- Mexico  Search this
Chicano art  Search this
Chicano artists  Search this
Mexican American art  Search this
Mexican American artists  Search this
Latino and Latin American artists  Search this
Theme:
Latino and Latin American  Search this
Art Theory and Historiography  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5563
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216281
AAA_collcode_ybartoma
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
Art Theory and Historiography
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_216281
Online Media:

Tomás Ybarra-Frausto research material

Creator:
Ybarra-Frausto, Tomás, 1938-  Search this
Names:
Mexican Museum  Search this
Royal Chicano Air Force  Search this
Studio 24 (San Francisco, Calif.)  Search this
Garza, Carmen Lomas  Search this
Goldman, Shifra M., 1926-2011  Search this
Mesa-Bains, Amalia  Search this
Extent:
33.1 Linear feet
1.27 Gigabytes
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Gigabytes
Photographs
Slides (photographs)
Interviews
Place:
Mexico -- Religious life and customs
Date:
1965-2004
Summary:
The research material of Tomás Ybarra-Frausto, measures 33.1 linear feet and 1.27 GB and dates from 1965-2004. The collection, amassed throughout Ybarra-Frausto's long and distinguished career as a scholar of the arts and humanities, documents the development of Chicano art in the United States and chronicles Ybarra-Frausto's role as a community leader and scholar in the political and artistic Chicano movement from its inception in the 1960s to the present day.
Scope and Content Note:
The research material of Tomás Ybarra-Frausto, amassed throughout his long and distinguished career as a scholar of the arts and humanities, documents the development of Chicano art in the United States. As community leader and scholar, Ybarra-Frausto played dual roles of active participant and historian in the Chicano movement, chronicling this unique political and artistic movement from its inception in the 1960s to the present day.

Deeply rooted in American history, "El Movimiento," the Chicano movement, evolved from Mexican-Americans' struggle for self-determination during the civil rights era of the 1960s. It began as a grassroots community effort that enlisted the arts in the creation of a united political and cultural constituency. Chicano artists, intellectuals, and political activists were instrumental in mobilizing the Mexican-American community for the cause of social justice, and the movement was shaped by the affirmation of a cultural identity that embraced a shared heritage with Mexico and the United States.

Just as "El Movimiento" aimed to instruct and inspire through the recollection and conservation of culture, Ybarra-Frausto's own career as scholar and historian helped to shape the intellectual discourse of the Chicano art. As a leading historian and theoretician in the field of Chicano Studies, he has written extensively on the subject, and has been instrumental in defining the canons of Chicano art. His papers are accordingly rich and varied, and they will be of great use to future scholars.

His research material, dating from 1965 to 1996, are arranged in subject files containing original writings, notes, bibliographies compiled by Ybarra-Frausto and others, exhibition catalogues, announcements, newspaper clippings and other printed material, as well as slides and photographs. Many of these files also include interview transcripts and correspondence with prominent figures in the movement. While this research collection contextualizes Chicano art within the larger framework of Latino and Latin-American culture, the bulk of the files relates specifically to Chicano visual culture. The collection also contains pertinent documentation of the Chicano civil rights movement, material on Chicano poets and writers, and research files on the wider Hispanic community, but these also appear within the context of Chicano culture in general.

Prominent among the bibliographies are the many notes and drafts related to the publication of A Comprehensive Annotated Bibliography of Chicano Art, 1965-1981 (University of California, Berkeley, 1985), which Ybarra-Frausto co-authored with Shifra Goldman. Ybarra-Frausto's files on Goldman, like other files in the collection, document his close associations and collaborations with scholars.

Art historians have traditionally found the categorization of Chicano art a difficult task. Unsure whether to classify the work as "American" or "Latin American," critics often ignored the work altogether. An outgrowth of this dilemma was the proliferation of artists, curators, and critics within the Chicano community, and the papers contain many original writings by Chicano artists about Chicano art, found in extensive files on artists that will be of particular significance to researchers. These often contain exhibition essays, dissertation proposals, and course outlines authored by the artists, along with the standard biographies, exhibition records, and reviews. Some of the files contain rare interviews conducted and transcribed by Ybarra-Frausto. Highlights include conversations with Carmen Lomas Garza, Amalia Mesa-Bains, and members of the Royal Chicano Air Force artist cooperative.

As a member of several Chicano art organizations and institutions, Ybarra-Frausto kept active records of their operation. The extensive files on the Mexican Museum and Galerie de la Raza/Studio 24, both in San Francisco, not only chronicle the history of Chicano art through the records of exhibitions and programming, but also offer case studies on the development of non-profit art institutions. The files on artist cooperatives, organizations, and exhibition spaces cover several regions of the United States, but focus on California, Texas and New York.

Two notable events in the development of Chicano art were the 1982 Califas: Chicano Art and Culture in California seminar at the University of California at Santa Cruz, and the 1990 traveling exhibition Chicano Art: Resistance and Affirmation, 1965-1985 (CARA), of which Ybarra-Frausto served as organizer and catalogue essayist. His records document the planning and development of these seminal events. Ybarra-Frausto's files on folk art, altars, posters, murals, performance art, border art, Chicana feminist art, and Southwestern and Mexican imagery (both urban and rural expressions) mirror the diverse forms and subject matter of Chicano art.

Spanning almost four decades of American culture from a Chicano perspective, these files have a unique historical value. The legacy of Chicano art and its contribution to the cultural landscape of this country, kept alive in Ybarra-Frausto's files, attests to the richness and diversity of American art.

Henry C. Estrada

Research Fellow, 1997.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as a single series of subject files. The general contents of each folder have been listed. The subject files are arranged in alphabetical order. While no two files are alike, they may contain résumés, printed and digital material, letters, draft writings, and photographs. Unless otherwise noted, each listing represents one file folder. The abbreviation TYF was used to refer to the name Tomá Ybarra-Frausto throughtout the Series Description.
Autobiographical Note:
Papelitos (little bits of paper), whether rent receipts, paid bills, or piles of personal letters, can become layered bundles of personal history. I have always been a pepenador (a scavenger) and saver of paper scraps. Diary notes, scribbled annotations, and first drafts are often useful indicators of ideas and gestation. Papelitos are the fragments of every-day life that gain expanded meaning integrated into the larger historical events of a period.

In the decade of the 1960s, I started saving ephemeral material--exhibition announcements, clippings of individual artists and of organizations fomenting a Chicano art movement. The social scenarios of the period such as marches, strikes, sit-ins, and mobilizations for social justice all spawned manifestos, posters, leaflets, and other forms of printed material. I somehow managed to assemble and protect the evanescent printed information that recorded the birth and development of Chicano art.

As I started to research and write about Chicano art and artists of the period, I continued to clip, photocopy, and preserve material given me by Mexican-American artists from throughout the nation. My idea was to form an archive that would be comprehensive rather than selective. I knew that it was the offbeat, singular piece of paper with a missing link of information that would attract the scholar.

Today, several decades after the flowering of Chicano art, there is still a lamentable paucity of research and information about this significant component of American art.

It is my fervent hope that this compendium of information will function as a resonant print and image bank for investigators of Chicano culture. Perhaps contained within the archive are the facts that will inspire new visions or revisions of Chicano art and culture--this is my fondest dream.

Dr. Tomás Ybarra-Frausto

New York City, 1998
Related Materials:
Tomás Ybarra-Frausto Papers are located at University of Texas Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin.
Provenance:
The collection was donated to the Archives of American Art by Tomás Ybarra-Frausto in 1997, and in 2004.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Use requires an appointment and is limited to the Washington, D.C. research facility.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Topic:
Santos (Art)  Search this
Hispanic American art -- Sources  Search this
Mexican American artists -- Sources  Search this
Hispanic American artists -- Sources  Search this
Household shrines -- Mexico  Search this
Mexican American arts -- Sources  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Slides (photographs)
Interviews
Citation:
Tomás Ybarra-Frausto research material, 1965-2004. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.ybartoma
See more items in:
Tomás Ybarra-Frausto research material
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-ybartoma
Online Media:

The Ch'ol Maya of Chiapas / edited by Karen Bassie-Sweet, with Robert M. Laughlin, Nicholas A. Hopkins, and Andrés Brizuela Casimir

Editor:
Bassie-Sweet, Karen 1952-  Search this
Physical description:
xxi, 251 pages : illustrations, maps ; 26 cm
Type:
Books
History
Place:
Mexico
Chiapas
Chiapas (Mexico)
Date:
2015
Topic:
Chol Indians--History  Search this
Chol Indians--Religion  Search this
Chol Indians--Antiquities  Search this
Antiquities  Search this
Religious life and customs  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1107261

Migrating faith : Pentecostalism in the United States and Mexico in the twentieth Century / Daniel Ramírez

Author:
Ramirez, Daniel 1958-  Search this
Physical description:
xix, 283 pages ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Mexico
Mexican-American Border Region
Date:
2015
20th century
Topic:
Pentecostalism--History  Search this
Pentecostal converts--History  Search this
Religious life and customs  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1089057

Believing in place : a spiritual geography of the Great Basin / Richard V. Francaviglia

Author:
Francaviglia, Richard V  Search this
Physical description:
xxii, 289 p. : ill. ; 25 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Great Basin
Date:
2003
C2003
Topic:
Religion and geography  Search this
Religious life and customs  Search this
Social life and customs  Search this
Description and travel  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_806568

Days of death, days of life : ritual in the popular culture of Oaxaca / Kristin Norget

Author:
Norget, Kristin  Search this
Physical description:
xii, 319 p. : ill., maps ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Mexico
Oaxaca de Juárez
Oaxaca de Juárez (Mexico)
Date:
2006
C2006
Topic:
All Souls' Day  Search this
Funeral rites and ceremonies  Search this
Religious life and customs  Search this
Social life and customs  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_815718

Taken from the lips : gender and eros in Mesoamerican religions / by Sylvia Marcos ; with a foreword by Catherine Keller

Author:
Marcos, Sylvia  Search this
Physical description:
xxiii, 146 p., [4] p. of plates : ill ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Mexico
Date:
2006
Topic:
Religion  Search this
Rites and ceremonies  Search this
Indian women--Historiography  Search this
Human body--Symbolic aspects  Search this
Sex role  Search this
Social life and customs  Search this
Religious life and customs  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_824426

Day of the dead : a passion for life / text and photos by Mary J. Andrade = Dia de los muertos : pasion por la vida / texto y fotos by Mary J. Andrade

Title:
Dia de los muertos : pasion por la vida
Author:
Andrade, Mary J  Search this
Physical description:
1 v. (unpaged) p. : col. ill. ; 23 x 27 cm
Type:
Juvenile literature
Place:
Mexico
Michoacán de Ocampo
Michoacán de Ocampo (Mexico)
Date:
2007
Topic:
All Souls' Day  Search this
Social life and customs  Search this
Religious life and customs  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_826060

Tortillas for the gods : a symbolic analysis of Zinacanteco rituals / Evon Z. Vogt

Author:
Vogt, Evon Z (Evon Zartman) 1918-2004  Search this
Physical description:
xv, 234 p. : ill ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Zinacantán (Mexico)
Date:
1976
Topic:
Rites and ceremonies  Search this
Religion  Search this
Religious life and customs  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_897274

Of wonders and wise men : religion and popular cultures in southeast Mexico, 1800-1876 / by Terry Rugeley

Author:
Rugeley, Terry 1956-  Search this
Physical description:
xxvii, 335 p. : ill., maps ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Mexico, Southeast
Date:
2001
19th century
Topic:
Religious life and customs  Search this
Religion  Search this
Church history  Search this
Civilization  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_719445

Nican Tetelcingo yeua tocostumbre = La costumbre en Tetelcingo, Guerrero / Eustaquio Celestino Solís

Author:
Celestino, Eustaquio  Search this
Physical description:
73 p. : ill. ; 21 cm
Type:
Texts
Place:
San Juan Tetelcingo (Mexico)
Date:
1992
Topic:
Nahuas--Religion  Search this
Nahuas--Social life and customs  Search this
Nahuatl language  Search this
Religious life and customs  Search this
Social life and customs  Search this
Náhuatl--Textos  Search this
Tetelcingo (Guerrero, México)--Tradiciones  Search this
Tetelcingo (Guerrero, México)--Religiosidad  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_728391

Popular piety and political identity in Mexico's Cristero Rebellion : Michoacán, 1927-29 / by Matthew Butler

Author:
Butler, Matthew  Search this
British Academy  Search this
Physical description:
xx, 251 p. : ill., map ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Mexico
Michoacán de Ocampo
Michoacán de Ocampo (Mexico)
Date:
2004
C2004
Topic:
Cristero Rebellion, 1926-1929  Search this
Peasantry--Religious life  Search this
Peasantry--Political activity  Search this
Religious life and customs  Search this
Politics and government  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_738595

Día de Muertos en México. Ciudad de México, Mixquic y Morelos / [texto y fotos por Mary J. Andrade] = Day of the Dead in Mexico. Mexico City, Mixquic & Morelos / [text and photos by Mary J. Andrade]

Title:
Day of the Dead in Mexico. Mexico City, Mixquic & Morelos
Author:
Andrade, Mary J  Search this
Physical description:
110 p. : col. ill., col. maps ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Mexico
Mexico City (Mexico)
Morelos (Mexico : State)
Mixquic (Mexico)
Date:
2003
Topic:
All Souls' Day  Search this
Social life and customs  Search this
Religious life and customs  Search this
Call number:
GT4995.A4 A527 2003
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_747530

Picturing faith : photography and the Great Depression / Colleen McDannell

Author:
McDannell, Colleen  Search this
Physical description:
319 p. : ill. ; 27 cm
Type:
Books
Pictorial works
Place:
United States
Date:
2004
20th century
1901-1945
Topic:
Documentary photography--History  Search this
Religion  Search this
Religious life and customs  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_760105

Celebrating Guadalupe / Jacqueline Orsini Dunnington ; photographs by Charles Mann

Author:
Dunnington, Jacqueline Orsini  Search this
Physical description:
84 p. : col. ill. ; 20 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
New Mexico
Date:
2004
C2004
Topic:
Guadalupe, Our Lady of--Cult  Search this
Guadalupe, Our Lady of--Art  Search this
Santos (Art)  Search this
Folk art  Search this
Religious life and customs  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_784771

Oaxaca celebration : family, food, and fiestas in Teotitlán / Mary Jane Gagnier Mendoza ; with photographs by Ariel Mendoza and Mary Jane Gagnier de Mendoza

Author:
Gagnier Mendoza, Mary Jane  Search this
Physical description:
159 p. : ill. (chiefly col.), 1 col. map ; 27 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Mexico
Teotitlán del Valle
Teotitlán del Valle (Mexico)
Date:
2005
C2005
Topic:
Festivals  Search this
Fasts and feasts  Search this
Social life and customs  Search this
Religious life and customs  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_794823

Guadalupe / Carla Zarebska, research and texts ; Alejandro Gómez de Tuddo, photographs ; Basilisco, original idea

Author:
Zarebska, Carla  Search this
Gómez de Tuddo, Alejandro  Search this
Subject:
Mary Blessed Virgin, Saint Devotion to  Search this
Physical description:
358 p. : ill. (chiefly col.) ; 25 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Mexico
Date:
2002
Topic:
Guadalupe, Our Lady of  Search this
Religious life and customs  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_795425

The Day of the Dead : when two worlds meet in Oaxaca / Shawn D. Haley & Curt Fukuda

Title:
When two worlds meet in Oaxaca
Author:
Haley, Shawn D  Search this
Fukuda, Curt  Search this
Physical description:
vi, 149 p. : ill., 1 map, ports. ; 26 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Mexico
Oaxaca de Juárez
Oaxaca de Juárez (Mexico)
Date:
2004
Topic:
All Souls' Day  Search this
Death--Symbolic aspects  Search this
Altars  Search this
Cemeteries  Search this
Fasts and feasts  Search this
Religious life and customs  Search this
Social life and customs  Search this
Call number:
GT4995.A4 H35 2004b
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_795587

The sacred world of the Penitentes / Alberto López Pulido

Author:
Pulido, Alberto L  Search this
Subject:
Hermanos Penitentes  Search this
Physical description:
xx, 108 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
New Mexico
Date:
2000
C2000
Topic:
Hispanic American Catholics  Search this
Religious life and customs  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_607744

Mexican Phoenix : Our Lady of Guadalupe : image and tradition across five centuries / D.A. Brading

Author:
Brading, D. A  Search this
Subject:
Mary Blessed Virgin, Saint Apparitions and miracles  Search this
Physical description:
xvii, 444 p. : ill. ; 26 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Mexico
Date:
2001
Topic:
Guadalupe, Our Lady of  Search this
Religious life and customs  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_630992

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