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Arrow From Mescalero Apaches

Donor Name:
U.S. Department Of War  Search this
Culture:
Apache, Mescalero  Search this
Object Type:
Arrow
Place:
Not Given, New Mexico, United States, North America
Accession Date:
5 Sep 1888
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
021110
USNM Number:
E130307-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3d22077f7-12bf-412f-b466-f4a345cdff34
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8336470
Online Media:

MS 186 Terms, phrases and sentences from Apache dialects gathered from various informants by Albert S. Gatschet

Creator:
Gatschet, Albert S. (Albert Samuel), 1832-1907  Search this
Informant:
Cushing, Frank Hamilton, 1857-1900  Search this
Extent:
1 Volume (14 pages)
Culture:
Apache  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Dilzhe'e (Tonto Apache)  Search this
Chiricahua Apache  Search this
Mescalero Apache  Search this
Jicarilla Apache  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Volumes
Date:
1882, 1884 and 1885
Scope and Contents:
Apache terms obtained from some Chiricahua Apaches, sent as delegates to the U. S. Government from the San Carlos Reservation, Arizona, and present at the Fremont House, Washington, on February 12, 1884, pages 5-6; terms of the Tsigakina dialect, pages 7-8; Sentences in the Navajo dialect of Apache, obtained from Frank Hamilton Cushing, 1882, and Single terms in the Navajo dialect of Apache, obtained from the same, pages 9-12; Navajo terms obtained from the interpreter of a Navajo delegation present in Washington in 1885, Saturday, November 28, 1885, pages 14-16; and Some words of Jicarilla Apache, from Eski'e, present in Washington, D.C. January 5, 1884, with comparison from Buschmann's Collection, pages 18-19.

Informants for Apache data on pages 1-8 (according to account in Washington Evening Star noted by Gatschet, page 8): Antonio (San Carlos); Chiquito Hey (Tonto); As-Kadsdilges (Chiricahua); Sergeant Not (Knott?), scout for the army division under General Crook. The informant, Eski'e, called himself a Mescalero Apache. (page 19).
A note on page 8, referring to the foregoing vocabulary, reads, "Original in my folio manuscript XX, page 189. (This original not located as of 12/1969).
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 186
Place:
Washington D.C.
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Navaho  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 186, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS186
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3c708fa58-a1e2-4042-83e2-935d24533043
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms186

MS 3785 Tribal names and divisions of the Jicarilla, Lipan, and Mescalero Apaches

Creator:
Mooney, James, 1861-1921  Search this
Extent:
3 Pages
Culture:
Apache  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1897
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 3785
Local Note:
Manuscript document
Topic:
Names, tribal  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 3785, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS3785
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw33f0f0999-9656-451e-ac1e-428be41106a8
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms3785

MS 1953 Notebook, marked, "Trip, 1894-5 (Sinecu &c)

Creator:
Mooney, James, 1861-1921  Search this
Extent:
45 Pages
Culture:
Apache  Search this
Jicarilla Apache  Search this
Lipan Apache  Search this
Mescalero Apache  Search this
Isleta Pueblo  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1897
Scope and Contents:
Includes vocabulary and other notes on Jicarilla, Lipan, Mescalero, Sinecu, Sumas, "Pueblita three miles from Jemez," Isleta, Peyote, Macuchi (?), and "Tepehuan[e]." Also 14 loose pages, various sizes, containing miscellaneous bibliographic notes and extracts relating to several of the above, and to Piro and "Quivira."
Biographical / Historical:
Front pages have been cut out; these may have been dated from 1894-5. Sinecu and Isleta notes marked "D7-97" and "D15-97" respectively; evidently dated December 7 and 15, 1897. See 19th Annual Report, Bureau of American Ethnology for year 1897-98, page xvi, referring to Mooney's trip to this area in December, 1897. --MCB 1/67.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1953
Topic:
Vocabularies -- Apache -- Lipan  Search this
Vocabularies -- Apache -- Jicarilla  Search this
Vocabularies -- Apache -- Mescalero  Search this
Vocabularies -- Isleta  Search this
Drugs -- Peyote  Search this
Jicarilla language  Search this
Mescalero language  Search this
Tepehuan language  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 1953, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS1953
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3684af63a-1d72-46dc-83a1-2e8d3ec38756
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1953
Online Media:

MS 425 Mescalero and Lipan Apache vocabulary, peyote notes and song

Creator:
Mooney, James, 1861-1921  Search this
Extent:
15 Pages
Culture:
Apache  Search this
Mescalero Apache  Search this
Lipan Apache  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 425
General:
Previously titled "Vocabulary, peyote notes and song."
Topic:
Peyote  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 425, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS425
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3ca71bf24-dcdb-46ff-bc10-febb6fac3f63
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms425

Robert M. Farring Jr. photographs of Native American delegations

Creator:
Faring, Robert M. Jr  Search this
Names:
United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs  Search this
Extent:
61 Prints (silver gelatin)
169 Polaroid prints (color)
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Pueblo  Search this
Ute  Search this
Coeur d'Alene  Search this
Sauk  Search this
Fox  Search this
Inunaina (Arapaho)  Search this
Kickapoo  Search this
Passamaquoddy  Search this
Uintah Ute  Search this
Akimel O'odham (Pima)  Search this
Makah  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Vietnamese  Search this
Nooksack  Search this
Yavapai  Search this
Assiniboine (Stoney)  Search this
Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Sisitonwan Dakota (Sisseton Sioux)  Search this
Paiute  Search this
Shoshone  Search this
Shawnee  Search this
French  Search this
Lenape (Delaware)  Search this
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Tohono O'odham (Papago)  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Northwest Coast  Search this
Washoe (Washo)  Search this
Muskogee (Creek)  Search this
Ponca  Search this
Seminole  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Osage  Search this
Oglala Lakota (Oglala Sioux)  Search this
Omaha  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)  Search this
Yanktonnai Nakota (Yankton Sioux)  Search this
Yakama (Yakima)  Search this
Umatilla  Search this
Ho-Chunk (Winnebago)  Search this
Seneca  Search this
Colville  Search this
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)  Search this
Lummi  Search this
Mescalero Apache  Search this
Anishinaabe (Chippewa/Ojibwa)  Search this
Cochiti Pueblo  Search this
Apache  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Niuam (Comanche)  Search this
Dakota (Eastern Sioux)  Search this
Kiowa  Search this
Kalispel (Pend d'Oreilles)  Search this
Spokan  Search this
Choctaw  Search this
Laguna Indians  Search this
Cherokee  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Prints
Polaroid prints
Photographs
Date:
1967-1971
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs depicting tribal delegates, probably made by Robert M. Farring during tribal group visits to the Bureau of Indian Affairs Washington office. Many of the photographs were originally mounted in notebooks with identification of pictured individuals and their affiliations.
Biographical/Historical note:
Robert M. Farring, Jr. is an employee in the Tribal Operations office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs in Washington, DC.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 85-21
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Additional photographs of Native American delegations can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 4286, MS 4638, Photo Lot 87-2P, Photo Lot 90-1, and the BAE historical negatives.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Delegations  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern states  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 85-21, Robert M. Farring Jr. photograph collection of Indian delegations, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.85-21
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3fb6c61a0-c393-44f0-8ba1-8bfb3f2f4ff6
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-85-21

Portrait of Chief San Juan and Nantzili, War Chief, with Face Paint and Turban; Both in Partial Native Dress, Sitting On Buffalo Robe and Blanket

Creator:
Blackberry  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (008 in x 006 in)
Container:
Box XV:10, Folder 7
Culture:
Apache  Search this
Mescalero Apache  Search this
Navajo Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.02086600
Local Note:
Black and white photoprint
Place:
New Mexico ?
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 24 SPC Sw Apache No # Individual Portraits 02086600, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects
Photographs of Native Americans and Other Subjects / Series 1: America north of Mexico / Southwest / Apache
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3dc219dcb-ea4d-4532-9209-a45eb4ac85b3
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-24-ref18249
Online Media:

Photographs of Southwest Native Americans, including Mescalero Apache

Photographer:
N. Brown & Son  Search this
Heister, H. T., (Henry T.), -1895  Search this
Names:
Cadete, 1874-1960  Search this
Extent:
4 Albumen prints (includes one stereograph; mounted)
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Mescalero Apache  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Albumen prints
Stereographs
Photographs
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs related to Cadete, a Mescalero Apache man, and other Southwest Native people. It includes studio portraits of Cadete, Cadete's daughters, and a woman wearing a blanket who is possibly also related to Cadete. Two portraits were made by N. Brown & Son. The collection also includes a stereograph by H. T. Heister of Colonel Frank W. Haskall and his wife with a group including Southwest Native people, possibly in Santa Fe. The photographs may have been collected by the Haskall family.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 81M
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Additional Heister photographs held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 90-1 and Photo Lot 24.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Stereographs
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 81M, Photographs of Southwest Native Americans, including Mescalero Apache, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.81M
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw328952b2f-9795-4289-b25f-d36d77c2d6fe
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-81m

Collection Ledger: 1 to 33668

Collection Creator:
Oldman, W. O. (William Ockleford), 1879-1949  Search this
Extent:
899 Digital images
Type:
Archival materials
Digital images
Date:
1902-1916
Collection Restrictions:
Digital access only. For physical access see the Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa website. https://collections.tepapa.govt.nz/agent/4913
Collection Rights:
Copyright in the business records is owned by the Estate of W. O. Oldman represented by the Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa, permission for commercial use of the digital images may be requested from the Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa, Media Licensing, at: mediasalesandlicensing@tepapa.govt.nz.

For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changedand the source of the image is identified as the Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa/National Museum of the American Indian, Smithsonian Institution.
Collection Citation:
William Ockleford Oldman Archive research materials, Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa and the National Museum of the American Indian, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.RM.001, Item CA000231/001/0001
See more items in:
William Ockleford Oldman Archive research materials
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4a6e65253-9184-400e-8ed3-57da42e8ab56
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-rm-001-ref6
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  • View Collection Ledger: 1 to 33668 digital asset number 1
Online Media:

Case Studies - Mescalero Apache

Container:
Box 10
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Access to the Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections is by appointment only. Visit our website for more information on scheduling a visit or making a digitization request. Researchers interested in accessing born-digital records or audiovisual recordings in this collection must use access copies.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from the Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections. Please visit our website to learn more about submitting a request. The Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections make no guarantees concerning copyright or other intellectual property restrictions. Other usage conditions may apply; please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for more information.
See more items in:
Curatorial Research, Programs, and Projects
Curatorial Research, Programs, and Projects / Cadaval, Olivia / Programs - El Rio 1998, 2000
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/bk5daad22ee-c1c3-4288-8021-8a747e9fb23f
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-crpp-ref985

Bouteloua gracilis (Kunth) Lag. ex Griffiths

Biogeographical Region:
77 - South-Central U.S.A.  Search this
Collector:
H. R. Bennett  Search this
Min. Elevation:
2286  Search this
Place:
Otero County. Open ground along Rt. 70 - valley of north Fork Rio Tularosa. Transition Zone in Sacramento Mts. 5½ miles N.E. from Mescalero in Mescalero Apache Indian Reservation., New Mexico, United States, North America
Collection Date:
4 Aug 1965
Taxonomy:
Plantae Monocotyledonae Poales Poaceae Chloridoideae
Published Name:
Bouteloua gracilis (Kunth) Lag. ex Griffiths
Barcode:
04212936
USNM Number:
2555238
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3857fd009-6786-402c-993f-c9c46661c7ba
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_16275493

Mescalero Apache

Collection Creator:
Mallery, Garrick, 1831-1894  Search this
Container:
Box 2a
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1880-1881
Scope and Contents:
2 Letters, Francis A. Atkins, July 15, 1880; Jan. 19, 1881. 7 pp. List of signs, cut into slips of assorted sizes, labeled by Mallery.
Collection Restrictions:
Manuscript 2372 is open for research.

Access to Manuscript 2372 requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 2372, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 2372 Garrick Mallery Collection on Sign Language and Pictography
MS 2372 Garrick Mallery Collection on Sign Language and Pictography / Series 2: Materials on Sign Language / 2.1: Correspondence on sign language filed by Native American culture area / Southwest
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3125ead3e-21ba-41a7-a927-3ac2a2291ff6
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms2372-ref122

Mescalero Apache

Collection Creator:
Mallery, Garrick, 1831-1894  Search this
Container:
Box 3
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Manuscript 2372 is open for research.

Access to Manuscript 2372 requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 2372, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 2372 Garrick Mallery Collection on Sign Language and Pictography
MS 2372 Garrick Mallery Collection on Sign Language and Pictography / Series 2: Materials on Sign Language / 2.4: Notes and Articles / Outlines for Arm Positions in Gesture Languate (various tribes)
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw312f83ac6-3e41-465f-ac47-ec7b99a734c5
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms2372-ref268

Gary Auerbach portraits of Native American people

Creator:
Auerbach, Gary  Search this
Extent:
44 Prints (platinum)
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Kickapoo  Search this
Taos Indians  Search this
Isleta Pueblo  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Assiniboine (Stoney)  Search this
Lenape (Delaware)  Search this
Apache  Search this
Inunaina (Arapaho)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Tohono O'odham (Papago)  Search this
Mescalero Apache  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Prints
Photographs
Place:
Chelly, Canyon de (Ariz.)
Taos Pueblo (N.M.)
Date:
1992-2003
Scope and Contents note:
The collection contains individual and group portraits of Native American people. Tribal affiliations include Apache, Arapaho, Assiniboine, Delaware, Isleta, Kickapoo, Mescalero Apache, Navajo, San Carlos Apache, Sioux, Taos, and Tohono O'odham. There are also includes images of weavers, dancers, tipis, Canyon de Chelly, Taos Pueblo, and Taos cemetery, as well as a self-portrait of Gary Auerbach. Also included is one autostereoscopic multidimensional platinum print. Additionally, the collection contains Auerbach's book, We Walk In Beauty, which pairs the portraits with excerpts of interviews that Auerbach conducted with the individuals, and promotional materials including exhibit announcements and catalogs.
Arrangement:
The collection is organized into two series: 1. Photographs, and 2. Printed material.
Biographical Note:
Following a career as a chiropractor, Gary Auerbach became a professional photographer in 1991. Concerned about the long-term permanence of his photographs, Auerbach taught himself the platinum printing process. From 1992 to 2003, Auerbach made portraits of a number of Native American people, also asking each individual a series of biographical questions. He published the photographs and short biographies in his book, We Walk in Beauty.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 2004-13
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use and access.
Topic:
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 2004-13, Gary Auerbach portraits of Native American people, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.2004-13
See more items in:
Gary Auerbach portraits of Native American people
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw37be537d5-b302-494f-8ecf-981b7b0aa2eb
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-2004-13
Online Media:

Economic Development Administration "Case Histories" on Indian Development collection

Creator:
United States Economic Development Administration  Search this
Extent:
602 Slides (photographs)
9 Sound cassettes
Culture:
Ute  Search this
Tsimshian [Metlakatla]  Search this
Northern Paiute (Paviotso) [Warm Springs Reservation]  Search this
Lummi  Search this
Chiricahua Apache  Search this
Mescalero Apache  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Sound cassettes
Slides
Audiocassettes
Date:
approximately 1973
Summary:
Slides and audio recordings produced by Intermedia Systems for the Economic Development Administration, United States Department of Commerce, presenting case histories on the following Native reservations— Uintah and Ouray (Ute), Metlakatla (Tsimshian), Warm Springs (Northern Paiute), Lummi, Fort Apache (Chiricahua Apache), and Mescalero (Mescalero Apache) reservations.
Scope and Contents:
This collection includes 602 slides and 9 audiocassettes from produced by Intermedia Systems for the Economic Development Administration, United States Department of Commerce, presenting case histories on Indian Develpoment, circa 1973. The following Case Histories are included; Series 1: Uintah and Ouray (Ute), Series 2: Metlakatla (Tsimshian), Series 3: Warm Springs (Northern Paiute), Series 4: Lummi, Series 5: Fort Apache (Chiricahua Apache), and Series 6: Mescalero (Mescalero Apache). The slides include images of maps, statistics, landscape views highlighting economic development and community members at work. There are also groups of slides that are overviews titled; Series 7: "Development Professional," Series 8: "Indian Leader," and Series 9: "Business." Audiocassettes accompany each case history and overview.
Arrangement:
Arranged in nine Series in the order received. First by Case Histories (Series 1-6), then by Overviews (Series 7-9).
Economic Development Administration (EDA):
In 1965, Congress passed the Public Works and Economic Development Act of 1965 (PWEDA) (42 U.S.C. § 3121), which authorized the creation of the Economic Development Administration (EDA) to succeed the previous ARA organization. The newly created EDA organization retained many of the unique flexibilities and programs of the previous ARA program, with the exception that it was given a larger public works grant and loan program that had previously been afforded to ARA, and the previous authorities to support job training programs were removed and transferred to the Department of Labor.

In large measure, EDA was established to create and retain jobs and to help stimulate industrial and commercial growth in distressed rural and urban communities across the nation. PWEDA was authorized in support of President Johnson's domestic focus to create and expand programs that would provide distressed communities the resources needed to realize the benefits of progress other portions of the country were experiencing. Since the enactment of PWEDA in 1965, successive Congressional reauthorizations have expanded EDA's initial authority to provide the agency enhanced flexibility to carry out its mission.

For the three decades after PWEDA's initial passage, EDA primarily focused on providing assistance to help communities develop basic infrastructure, including water, sewer and roads. In the early-1970s EDA's portfolio expanded to include an extensive planning initiative which soon became the Partnership Planning program.

By the mid-1970s, EDA received special authority to create the Economic Adjustment Assistance Program, designed to address economic development challenges more proactively and more effectively. Authorized by the new Title IX of PWEDA during reauthorization in 1975, the Economic Adjustment Assistance Program specifically authorized the agency to take action in any area having or facing major structural changes to its economy. This change was designed to provide EDA the latitude needed to work proactively with local partners to address economic challenges before they became deep-rooted and more costly to the community in terms of lost jobs and revenues.

Source: https://www.eda.gov/archives/2016/50/history/
Provenance:
Gift of Vine Deloria Jr., 1992.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Genre/Form:
Slides
Audiocassettes
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known);Economic Development Administration "Case Histories" on Indian Development collection, NMAI.AC.441; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.441
See more items in:
Economic Development Administration "Case Histories" on Indian Development collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv447bef14e-c309-4448-9f32-b855bb33276d
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-441

Mescalero Case History

Collection Creator:
United States Economic Development Administration  Search this
Extent:
56 Slides (photographs)
1 Sound cassette
Container:
Box 1, Sheet 16-18
Box 3, Item 6
Culture:
Mescalero Apache  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Audio
Slides (photographs)
Sound cassettes
Date:
undated
1973
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known);Economic Development Administration "Case Histories" on Indian Development collection, NMAI.AC.441; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.441, Series 6
See more items in:
Economic Development Administration "Case Histories" on Indian Development collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv433d4c84d-4d5b-4c90-8f9c-5a942b8bad09
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-441-ref6

Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection

Creator:
Churchill, Frank C. (Frank Carroll), 1850-1912  Search this
Churchill, Clara G.  Search this
Names:
United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs  Search this
United States. Department of the Interior  Search this
Extent:
3,710 Photographic prints (29 photograph albums)
3 Linear feet
1430 Negatives (photographic) (acetate)
325 Lantern slides (colored)
Culture:
Oklahoma Cherokee  Search this
Oklahoma Muskogee (Creek)  Search this
Osage  Search this
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
Sioux [Crow Creek]  Search this
Ponca  Search this
Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)  Search this
Oklahoma Seminole  Search this
Quapaw  Search this
Miami [Oklahoma]  Search this
Wyandotte [Oklahoma]  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Ho-Chunk (Winnebago)  Search this
Eastern Shawnee [Quapaw Agency, Oklahoma]  Search this
Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)  Search this
Oto  Search this
Sioux [Crow Creek]  Search this
Chickasaw  Search this
Modoc  Search this
Kiowa  Search this
Kaw (Kansa)  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Acoma Pueblo  Search this
Akimel O'odham (Pima)  Search this
Cahuilla  Search this
Chemehuevi  Search this
Cochiti Pueblo  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Isleta Pueblo  Search this
K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo)  Search this
Kumeyaay (Diegueño)  Search this
Laguna Pueblo  Search this
Payómkawichum (Luiseño)  Search this
Mescalero Apache  Search this
Mojave (Mohave)  Search this
Ohkay Owingeh (San Juan Pueblo)  Search this
Picuris Pueblo  Search this
Piipaash (Maricopa)  Search this
Puye Pueblo  Search this
Quechan (Yuma/Cuchan)  Search this
San Carlos Apache  Search this
Taos Pueblo  Search this
Tohono O'odham (Papago)  Search this
Minnesota Chippewa  Search this
Lake Superior Chippewa  Search this
Potawatomi  Search this
Menominee (Menomini)  Search this
Pechanga Band Luiseño  Search this
Rincon Band Luiseño  Search this
Santa Ysabel (Santa Isabela) Diegueño  Search this
Pala Band Luiseño (Agua Caliente)  Search this
Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik)  Search this
Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo)  Search this
Bering Strait Inupiaq  Search this
Alutiiq (Pacific Eskimo)  Search this
Tlingit  Search this
Eastern Band of Cherokee  Search this
Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)  Search this
Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)  Search this
Seminole  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Negatives (photographic)
Lantern slides
Photographs
Photograph albums
Place:
Utah
Alaska
Oklahoma
Washington
Florida
Montana
Arizona
Arkansas
Missouri
North Carolina
Minnesota
New Mexico
California
Date:
1880-1928
bulk 1899-1909
Summary:
The Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection includes photographic negatives, photo albums, lantern slides, journals, scrapbooks and other documents created and compiled by the Churchills over the course of Frank's career as a special agent and Indian Inspector for the Department of the Interior between 1899 and 1909. Initially assigned as a revenue collector to the Cherokee Nation and later as an Indian Inspector reviewing boarding schools, Frank's assignments took him all over the United States including Indian Territory (present day Oklahoma), Missouri, Texas, Nebraska, Kansas, South Dakota, Minnesota, Wisconsin, New Mexico, Arizona, Utah, California, Florida, North Carolina and Alaska. During this time the Churchills visited over 80 different Native communities shooting photographs and taking notes.
Scope and Contents:
The Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection includes 1430 photographic negatives, 29 photo albums containing 3710 photographic prints, 325 lantern slides, and 3 linear feet of journals, scrapbooks, and other documents created and compiled by the Churchills over the course of Frank's career as a special agent and Indian Inspector for the Department of the Interior between 1899 and 1909.

Series 1: Photographs in Indian Territory (Oklahoma): Muskogee, Tahlequah, Sulphur Springs and Other Assignments, 1899-1903, includes 11 photo albums and 357 negatives from Frank Churchill's original assignment as revenue collector to the Cherokee Nation. Locations include Indian Territory (Oklahoma) [bulk], Kansas, Nebraska, Iowa, South Dakota, Arkansas, and Missouri. The Native communities visited and photographed in this series include— Oklahoma Cherokee, Oklahoma Muskogee (Creek), Quapaw, Osage, Miami, Wyandotte [Oklahoma], Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne), Winnebago [Nebraska], Eastern Shawnee [Quapaw Agency, Oklahoma], Ponca, Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee), Oto, Sioux [Crow Creek], Kaw (Kansa), Chickasaw, Modoc, Kiowa, Choctaw.

Series 2: Photographs in the Southwest and Midwest: Arizona, New Mexico, Califonia, Minnesota and Wisconsin, 1903-1907, includes 9 photo albums and 832 negatives from Frank Churchill's assignment as an Indian Inspector. Because the Churchills visited some of the same locations on multiple occasions, it has been hard to date some of the negatives. For that reason, all the negatives made in the Southwest have been included in this series, though there are two photo albums with Southwest photographs included in Series 4. Locations in this series includes Arizona, New Mexico, California, Minnesota and Wisconsin. The Native Communities visited and photographed in this series include—A:shiwi (Zuni), Diné (Navajo), Acoma Pueblo, Akimel O'odham (Pima), Cahuilla, Chemehuevi, Cochiti Pueblo, Hopi Pueblo, Isleta Pueblo, K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo), Kumeyaay (Diegueño), Laguna Pueblo, Luiseño (Luiseno), Mescalero Apache, Mojave (Mohave), Ohkay Owingeh (San Juan Pueblo), Picuris Pueblo, Piipaash (Maricopa), Puye Pueblo, Quechan (Yuma/Cuchan), San Carlos Apache, Taos Pueblo, Tohono O'odham (Papago).

Series 3: Photographs in Alaska and Oregon, 1905-1910 (bulk 1905), includes four photograph albums and 71 negatives from Frank Churchill's appointment as special agent, by President Roosevelt, to investigate the condition of the school & reindeer service and other affairs in Alaska in the summer and fall of 1905. Two of the albums were not made by the Churchills. The first of these (Box 20) includes photographs by William Hamilton and the second (Box 21) includes photographs by W. T. Lopp. Locations in Alaska include St. Lawrence Island, Nuwukmiut/Point Barrow, Teller, Diomedes Islands, Nome, Kotzebue, Wrangell, Port Clarence Bay, Unalaska Island and Baranof Island. There are a number of photographs aboard the U.S. Cutter "Bear" and aboard the mailboat "Georgia." Native communities photographed include—Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik), Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo), Bering Strait Inupiaq [Diomedes], Alutiiq (Pacific Eskimo), Tlingit.

Series 4: Photographs in Arizona, Utah, North Carolina, Montana, North Dakota, Florida and Miscellaneous, 1907-1909, includes five photograph albums and 163 negatives from Frank Churchill's assignment at Indian Inspector. Because the Churchills visited some of the same locations in the Southwest (Arizona and Utah) on multiple occasions, it has been hard to date some of the negatives. For that reason, all the negatives made in the Southwest have been included in Series 3. Locations include Arizona, Utah, North Carolina, Montana, North Dakota and Florida. Native communities visited and photographed include-Diné (Navajo), Hopi Pueblo, Kaibab Paiute, Quechan (Yuma/Cuchan), Eastern Band of Cherokee, Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan), Wahpetonwan Dakota [Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Tribe], Turtle Mountain Chippewa, Seminole. There is restricted material in Box 23 (Album P23380).

Series 5: Non-Native Photographs: Colorado Vacation, Lebanon, New Hampshire, and other Materials, 1898-1913, includes four photograph albums from vacations and other visits made by the Churchills unrelated to Frank's activities as Indian Inspector.

Series 6: Manuscripts: Journals, Documents and Scrapbooks, 1880-1928 (bulk 1899-1909), includes three linear feet of materials arranged in three subseries. Subseries 6.1, Clara Churchill, includes 16 journals, 12 scrapbooks and various other manuscript materials written and accumulated by Clara Churchill during their travels. Many of the journals include personal writings as well as several photographs that are duplicated in the photograph albums. The journals and scrapbooks encompass the full range of the Churchills' travels and include notes from Indian Territory, Southwest, Midwest, Southeast, Plains and Alaska. Subseries 6.2, Colonel Frank C. Churchill, includes official documents around Churchill's assignments as well as the reports Frank submitted back to the Secretary of the Interior (Box 41 and 42). Subseries 6.3, Churchill Museum and Miscellaneous, includes catalogs and other notes related to the large collection of Native American objects amassed by Frank and Clara. Clara also collected other items such as shells, minerals, and sand.

Series 7: Lantern Slides for Lectures, 1899-1909, includes 325 hand colored glass lantern slides. These were made by the Churchills from existing negatives and used for lectures. Lantern slides #1-#121 include views photographed in Alaska in 1905. Sldes #122-#325 include an assortment of views from Oklahoma (Indian Territory), Nebraska, Montana, Minnesota, California, Arizona and New Mexico photographed between 1900 and 1909.
Arrangement:
The Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection has been arranged in seven series by material type and then chronologically. The first five series are then divided into subseries by "Photo Albums" and "Negatives." These include--Series 1: Photographs in Indian Territory (Oklahoma): Muskogee, Tahlequah, Sulphur Springs and Other Assignments, 1899-1903; Series 2: Photographs in the Southwest and Midwest: Arizona, New Mexico, California, Minnesota and Wisconsin, 1907-1907; Series 3: Photographs in Alaska and Oregon, 1905-1910 (bulk 1905-1905); Series 4: Photographs in Arizona, Utah, North Carolina, Montana, North Dakota, Florida and Miscellaneous, 1907-1909; Series 5: Non-Native Photographs: Colorado Vaction, Lebanon, New Hampshire, and other Materials.

Series 6: Manuscripts: Journals, Documents and Scrapbooks, 1880-1928, is arranged in three subseries. Subseries 6.1: Clara G. Churchill, Subseries 6.2: Frank C. Churchill, and Subseries 6.3: Churchill Museum and Miscellaneous. Series 7: Lantern Slides for Lectures, 1899-1909, is arranged in orginal number order from the Hood Museum at Dartmouth College.
Biographical / Historical:
Frank Carroll Churchill was born August 2, 1850 to Benjamin P. Churchill and Susanna Thompson in West Fairlee, Vermont. Frank was educated at Thetford Academy in Thetford, VT and worked as a clerk for D.C. Churchill & Co. in Lyme, NH between 1869-1870. Between 1870 and 1877, Churchill was employed by H.W. Carter as a wholesale merchant in Lebanon, New Hampshire. During this time, Churchill met Clara Corser Turner and they were married on June 11, 1874.

Clara G. (Turner) Churchill was born December 16, 1851, to Colonel Francis H. Corser and Sarah Hook (Perkins) Corser. Colonel Corser and his wife died young, and Clara was adopted by George and Abby H. Turner of Concord, New Hampshire. In 1877, in association with William S. Carter, Frank Churchill opened the business "Carter & Churchill" which was in this business for 21 years. Churchill held various political offices from 1879-91. He served as chairman of the Republican town committee of Lebanon and of the Republican State committee in 1890 and 1891. He served on the staff of Governor Natt Head in 1879 and 1880, with the rank of Colonel. He was chairman of the New Hampshire delegation at the Republican National Convention which nominated President Harrison and represented the Fourth District in the Executive Council in 1889-1890 during the administration of Governor David. H. Goodell.

In 1899 Frank was appointed revenue inspector for the Cherokee Nation in Indian Territory and was later appointed a special agent for the Interior Department to formulate a system of public schools in Indian Territory (Oklahoma) and across the Southwest. In 1905, he was appointed special agent, by President Roosevelt, to investigate the condition of the school & reindeer service and other affairs in Alaska and was reappointed Indian Inspector between 1905-1909. In 1909, Churchill resigned due to failing health and died November 5, 1912. Clara accompanied Frank on all his travels between 1899 and 1909 (see below chronology for full details) maintaining journals and writing articles for publication in "WHAT." Clara was also a painter, producing watercolors and hand-painting many of the photographs she and Frank made on their travels. Following Frank's death, Clara maintained their collection of Native artifacts and photographs in their home in Lebanon, New Hampshire. Clara died April 16, 1945, bequeathing the full collection to Dartmouth College.
Frank Churchill's assignments as Special agent and Indian Inspector from 1899-1909 took him all over the United States including Indian Territory (present day Oklahoma), Missouri, Texas, Nebraska, Kansas, South Dakota, Minnesota, Wisconsin, New Mexico, Arizona, Utah, California, Florida, North Carolina and Alaska. During this time the Churchills visited over 80 different Native communities. For more details, see the chronology below.

Travels in Indian Territory (Oklahoma) and other assignments, 1899-1903

1899, June 29 -- Churchills arrive in Muskogee, Indian Territory (Oklahoma).

1899, July-October -- Visit to Fort Gibson, Tahlequah, Sallisaw, and Vinita (Indian Territory/Oklahoma). Visit to Noel and South west City, Missouri. Visit to Chelsea and Coffeyville, Kansas. Visit to Fort Smith, Arkansas.

1899, November -- Visit Tahlequah while the Cherokee Nation legislature was in session.

1899, December -- Travel in Colorado.

1900, March -- Return to Muskogee and Fort Gibson.

1900, Sept 17-Oct 5 -- Dawes Commission in Vinita.

1901, Mar-Apr 3 -- Visit to the Quapaw Agency, Wyandotte Reservation and school, Modoc reservation and the town of Miami.

1901, April -- Visit to Denison, Texas. Visit to Checotah, Eufaula, South McAlester (Choctaw nation).

1901, Summer -- Visit to Pawhuska, Osage Nation.

1901, October -- Visit to Tishomingo, seat of government of the Chickasaws.

1902, January -- Trip to the Chickasaw Nation Visit to Anadarko, Indian Agency of the Kiowa, Comanche and Apache, Fort Sill, Wichita Mountains, and Lawton.

1902, May -- Frank is dispatched to Sioux City, Iowa.

1902, May-June -- Visit to Winnebago Agency, Omaha Agency, Santee Agency.

1902, July -- Visit to St. Paul, Minnesota and Eau Claire, Wisconsin, (Chippewa Falls). Frank is sent to Sulphur Springs, Texas, to author a report.

1902, August -- Churchills return to Muskogee, IT.

1902, September-October -- Trip to White Eagle, Ponca Agency for a month. Visit to Otoe school, Pawnee School, Shawnee, Sac and Fox reservations.

1902, November-December -- Visit to Crow Creek Agency.

1903, January -- Return to Sulpher Springs, Texas.

1903, March -- Visit to Pawhuska, Osage Nation.

1903, April -- Visit to Colorado.

1903, May-October -- Visit to 23 towns in Oklahoma (IT) with the Secretary of the Interior.

Travels in New Mexico, Arizona and California, 1903-1905

1903, November -- Frank receives orders to proceed to Zuni Pueblo, New Mexico.

1903, December 9 -- Visit to Zuni, followed by Canyon de Chelly, Hubbell's Ranch, Keams Canyon.

1903, December 21 -- Visit to Hopi Pueblo. Walpi, Polacca Day School, Oraibi, Shumopavi (Shungopavi/Songoopavi), Shipaulovi (Supawlavi) and Mishongnovi (Musungnuvi).

1903, December 28 -- Visit to Fort Defiance.

1904, January -- Travel in New Mexico. Visit to Gallup, Laguna Pueblo, Acomita, Paraje, Acoma, Albuquerque, Isleta Pueblo, Santa Fe, Ohkay Owingeh (San Juan Pueblo), K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo).

1904, February -- Visit to Sacaton, Akimel O'odham (Pima) Reservation and Casa Grande ruins in Arizona.

1904, March -- Visit to Lehi Day School, Salt River Day School, Phoenix Indian School, Gila River Crossing Day School and Maricopa Day School, Arizona.

1904, March 10-26 -- Visit to Fort Mojave and Chemehuevi.

1904, March 30-April -- Visit to Riverside, California, Sherman Institute and Perris School. Side trip to Yuma, Arizona.

1905, January-February -- Visit to Sulphur, IT.

1905, March -- Visit to Mescalero Apache Agency, San Carlos Apache Agency, Geronimo Settlement, Rice Station School at Talkalai.

1905, April 10-20 -- Return to Sherman Institute in Riverside, California. Visit to San Jacinto, Perris, Saboba, Cahuilla, San Manuella (Band of Mission Indians), Coachella, Torres Reservation, Martinez Reservation Day School, Cabazon Reservation, Protrero Reservation and Day School.

1905, April 22-May -- Visit to Temecula, Pechanga Day School, Pala Mission, Campo Reservation, Mission of San Luis Rey, Rincon Day School, Mesa Grande School, Santa Ysabel (Diegueno), Volcan Mountain Day School.

Travels in Alaska, 1905

1905, June -- Frank receives an assignment in Alaska.

1905, July -- Board the U.S. Revenue Cutter "Bear" in Nome. Visit to Reindeer Station in Teller, Cape Prince of Wales, Kotzebue Sound, Cape Thompson, Point Hope and Point Barrow.

1905, August -- Visit to Wainwright Inlet, return to Nome. Visit to Anvil Creek, Gologin (Golovin) Bay, St. Lawrence Island, Pribilof Islands (Seal Islands), St. George, Dutch Harbor and Unalaska.

1905, September -- Board the "Dora" anchored near Belkofski, Cold Bay, Karluk, Afgonak, and Kodiak. Stop in Homer, Seldovia and Seward. Visit to Sitka.

1905, September 28 -- Board the steamer "Georgia" to Juneau and Skagway via Hoonah.

1905, October -- Return to Lebanon, NH.

Travels in Arizona, New Mexico, Minnesota, Wisconsin, California and Utah, 1906-1907

1906, March-April -- Re-assigned to Southwest and arrive in Tucson, Arizona. Visit to San Xavier Mission, Tohono O'odham (Papago) reservation, Casa Grande, Sacaton, Maricopa, Gila Crossing, Salt River and Phoenix schools.

1906, May -- Return to New Mexico to visit Gallup and Zuni Day School.

1906, June -- Visit to St, Paul, Minnesota and the White Earth (Ojibwe) reservation and Wild Rice River School in Boliere.

1906, July -- Visit to Ashland, Wisconsin, Lac Courte Oreilles, Hayward, and Lac de Flambeau (La Pointe Agency.

1906, July-September -- Return to Lebanon, New Hampshire.

1906, September -- Visit to Fond du Lac (Winnebago Lake), Wabeno, and Carter, Wisconsin.

1906, October -- Visit to Phlox, Wausau, Minocqua, Star Lake, Bark River and Wausaukee, Wisconsin.

1906, November-December -- Visit to Keshena (Green Bay Indian School), Menominee Reservation and Ashland, Wisconsin.

1906, December-January -- Stay in Washington, DC.

1907, February -- Return to Albuquerque, New Mexico.

1907, March -- Visit to Santa Fe and various Pueblos (Cochiti, Tesuque, San Ildefonso, Ohkay Owingeh [San Juan], Toas and Picuris).

1907, April -- Return to Albuquerque, visit to Pueblos (Isleta, Laguna, Mesita, Acomita, Paraje, Acoma, Seama).

1907, April -- Visit to Phoenix, Arizona (Phoenix Indian School), Fort McDowell and Salt River Day School.

1907, May -- Visit to Sacaton, Maricopa, Casa Grande, and Yuma, Arizona.

1907, June -- Visit to Riverside (Sherman Institute), and Pomona, California.

1907, June-July -- Travel to Salt Lake City, Utah. Visit Panguitch, Orton, Kanab, Escalante and Marysvale, Utah.

1907, July-August -- Return to Arizona. Visit Flagstaff, Tuba Indian School, as well as Hopi Pueblo (Walpi, Moencopi, and Oraibi).

1907, September-October -- Return to Lebanon, NH.

Travels in North Carolina, Montana and Florida, 1907-1909

1907, October 22 -- Assigned to Cherokee, North Carolina, to make a new roll of the Eastern Band of Cherokee.

1907, November -- Arrive in Cherokee, North Caolina.

1908, February -- Visit to Robbinsville and Big Cove

1908, April -- Cherokee council meeting regarding Churchill's new roll.

1908, May -- Completes assignment in North Carolina.

1908, June-September -- Return to Washington, DC and Lebanon, New Hampshire.

1908, September-October -- Trip to Montana. Visit to Browning, Blackfeet Reservation, Harlem, Fort Belknap and Fort Peck.

1908, November -- Visit to Spirit Lake (Devil's Lake) and Wahpeton, and Fort Totten, North Dakota.

1908, December -- Visit to Morris, Minnesota.

1909, January -- Trip to Washington, DC for the inauguration of President Taft.

1909, February -- Visit to Carlisle, Pennsylvania.

1909, March-April -- Trip to Florida. Visit to Miami, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Tampa Bay, St. Petersburg, Gainesville, and St. Augustine.

1909, May -- Visit to Soco Creek and Cherokee, North Carolina.

1909, July -- Return to Lebanon, New Hampshire.

1909, August -- Resignation as Indian Inspector.
Related Materials:
A large collection of Native American cultural objects and archaeology bequeathed by Clara Churchill can still be found at the Hood Museum at Dartmouth College.
Provenance:
Frederick Dockstader, former director of the Museum of the American Indian (MAI), Heye Foundation, illegally removed the majority of the photographs (photo albums, negatives) and manuscript material (journals, reports) from the Hood Museum of Art at Dartmouth College in 1955, before depositing them at the MAI. Those materials were officially gifted to NMAI in 2018 by the Hood Museum. Additional materials from the Churchill collection that remained at the Hood Museum (lantern slides, photographs, scrapbooks, journals) were donated in 2020. These materials have been noted in the finding aid.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadbast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Topic:
Boarding schools  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Photographic prints
Photograph albums
Negatives (photographic)
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection, NMAI.AC.058, National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.058
See more items in:
Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv45e31a2d8-afd7-4320-96c7-1f596f51c142
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-058
Online Media:

Photographs in the Southwest and Midwest: Arizona, New Mexico, Califonia, Minnesota and Wisconsin

Collection Creator:
Churchill, Frank C. (Frank Carroll), 1850-1912  Search this
Churchill, Clara G.  Search this
Extent:
9 Photograph albums
832 Negatives (photographic)
Culture:
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Acoma Pueblo  Search this
Akimel O'odham (Pima)  Search this
Cahuilla  Search this
Chemehuevi  Search this
Cochiti Pueblo  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Isleta Pueblo  Search this
K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo)  Search this
Kumeyaay (Diegueño)  Search this
Laguna Pueblo  Search this
Payómkawichum (Luiseño)  Search this
Mescalero Apache  Search this
Mojave (Mohave)  Search this
Ohkay Owingeh (San Juan Pueblo)  Search this
Picuris Pueblo  Search this
Piipaash (Maricopa)  Search this
Puye Pueblo  Search this
Quechan (Yuma/Cuchan)  Search this
San Carlos Apache  Search this
Taos Pueblo  Search this
Tohono O'odham (Papago)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photograph albums
Negatives (photographic)
Date:
1903-1907
Scope and Contents:
Series 2: Photographs in the Southwest and Midwest, 1903-1907, includes nine photo albums and 832 negatives from Frank Churchill's assignment as an Indian Inspector. Because the Churchills visited some of the same locations on multiple occasions, it has been hard to date some of the negatives. For that reason, all the negatives made in the Southwest have been included in this series, though there are two photo albums with Southwest photographs included in Series 4. Locations in this series includes Arizona, New Mexico, California, Minnesota and Wisconsin. The Native Communities visited and photographed in this series include—A:shiwi (Zuni), Diné (Navajo), Acoma Pueblo, Akimel O'odham (Pima), Cahuilla, Chemehuevi, Cochiti Pueblo, Hopi Pueblo, Isleta Pueblo, K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo), Kumeyaay (Diegueño), Laguna Pueblo, Luiseño (Luiseno), Mescalero Apache, Mojave (Mohave), Ohkay Owingeh (San Juan Pueblo), Picuris Pueblo, Piipaash (Maricopa), Puye Pueblo, Quechan (Yuma/Cuchan), San Carlos Apache, Taos Pueblo, Tohono O'odham (Papago).
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadbast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection, NMAI.AC.058, National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.058, Series 2
See more items in:
Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4343f34d8-564c-43d3-85ee-36568667bf48
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-058-ref11

Mescalero Apache, New Mexico

Collection Creator:
Churchill, Frank C. (Frank Carroll), 1850-1912  Search this
Churchill, Clara G.  Search this
Extent:
52 Negatives (photographic)
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Date:
1905 February
Scope and Contents note:
N26331-N26382
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadbast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection, NMAI.AC.058, National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection
Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection / Series 2: Photographs in the Southwest and Midwest: Arizona, New Mexico, Califonia, Minnesota and Wisconsin / 2.2: Negatives
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv489ebbba5-ce56-4b9d-a691-0cdb39b28091
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-058-ref120

Mescalero Apache (New Mexico)

Collection Creator:
Churchill, Frank C. (Frank Carroll), 1850-1912  Search this
Churchill, Clara G.  Search this
Extent:
74 Photographic prints
Container:
Box 13
Culture:
Mescalero Apache  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Laguna Pueblo  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic prints
Date:
1905 February-March
Scope and Contents:
This album contains 74 photographic prints taken by Frank Churchill in February-March 1905 among the Mescalero Apache in New Mexico. The album was later compiled and captioned by Clara Churchill. Some of the photographs were also later hand colored by Clara Churchill.

These photographs include—views of tipis with and without families; Mr. and Mrs. Churchill among the tipis; groups of women and children; Indian agency buildings; women weaving baskets and carrying water; condemned school house; U.S. Indian School dormitory; and the saw mill. Most of the subjects in the photographs are unidentified except for Buena (Wa-no) Bonita and "Magoosh" (Indian Judge). Many of the photographs were taken on Issue (or Ration) day and feature groups waiting for or carrying rations. It is noted that many of the families photographed had a member of the family working at the saw mill. There are also a small amount of photographs, most likely added later to the album, from the Navajo reservation and the Laguna Pueblo in 1907, none of these have corresponding negatives in the collection. These include images of St. Michaels School, Canyon de Chelly and Hubbells Ranch.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadbast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection, NMAI.AC.058, National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.058, File P23378
See more items in:
Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection
Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection / Series 2: Photographs in the Southwest and Midwest: Arizona, New Mexico, Califonia, Minnesota and Wisconsin / 2.1: Photograph Albums
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv473e9d94f-9f32-44ff-afcd-694f8966b7db
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-058-ref46

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