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Frederick and Mary Hill Fried Folk Art Archives

Creator:
Fried, Frederick, 1909-1994  Search this
National Carousel Association.  Search this
Fried, Mary Hill  Search this
Extent:
36 Cubic feet (89 boxes, 10 map-folders)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Advertisements
Clippings
Blueprints
Books
Auction catalogs
Design drawings
Date:
circa 1662-1999, undated
Scope and Contents:
Collection primarily documents American folk art collected by Frederick Fried (1908-1994) and his wife Mary McKensie Hill Fried (1914-1988). It includes photographic materials, newspaper clippings, magazine articles, research files, lecture notes, unpublished manuscripts, brochures, drawings, printed advertisements, blueprints, books, patents, correspondence, trade literature, sheet music, auction catalogs, oral history interviews, and commercially recorded music. Of particular interest is the material relating to carousels. There is a substantial amount of material relating to New York architecture, wood carvings, show figures, weathervanes, mechanical and coin operated machines, amusement parks, the circus, tattoos and lesser-known folk arts. The collection is arranged by subject or genre in the order maintained by Frederick and Mary Fried.
Arrangement:
Series 1, Professional Materials, 1930-1995, undated

Subseries 1.1, Lectures, 1968-1989, undated

Subseries 1.2, Research Notes, 1962-1975, undated

Subseries 1.3, Published and Unpublished Materials, 1960-1990, undated

Subseries 1.4, Exhibitions, 1966-1985, undated

Subseries 1.5, Correspondence, 1945-1995, undated

Subseries 1.6, Office Files, 1930-1991, undated

Series 2, Sculptors and Ship Carvers, 1855-1987, undated

Series 3, Ship Carving Reference Files, 1875-1990, undated

Series 4, Show Figures, 1847-1989, undated

Subseries 4.1, Carvers, 1847-1987, undated

Subseries 4.2, Reference Files, 1864-1989, undated

Series 5: Carousels, 1851-1999, undated

Subseries 5.1, Reference Files, 1851-1990, undated

Subseries 5.2, Manufacturerst, 1854-1999, undated

Subseries 5.3, Carvers, undated

Subseries 5.4, Foreign, 1902, undated

Subseries 5.5, Organizations, 1974-1991, undated

Subseries 5.6, Museum Collections, 1959-1989, undated

Series 5.7, Sites, 1962-1991, undated

Series 6, Charles W. Parker Company, 1904-1905; 1922-1924, undated

Subseries 6.1, Glass Plate Negatives, 6x8, 1904-1905, undated

Subseries 6.2, Glass Plate Negatives, 8x10, 1922-1924, undated

Series 7, Amusements Parks, 1917-1992, undated

Series 8, Amusement Industry, 1662-1994, undated

Subseries 8.1, Companies, 1903, undated

Subseries 8.2, Reference Files, 1662-1994, undated

Series 9, Circus, 1902-1992, undated

Series 10, Architectural Ornaments, 1832-1988, undated

Subseries 10.1, Residential Architecture, 1899-1985, undated

Subseries 10.2, New York City Municipal Parks, 1968-1988, undated

Subseries 10.3, South Street Seaport, 1965-1970, undated

Subseries 10.4, New York Civic Sculpture, 1832-1977, undated

Subseries 10.5, Architectural Ornamentation, 1873-1985, undated

Series 11, Weathervanes, 1854-1981, undated

Series 12, Automatic, Coin Operated and Vending Machines, 1960-1980, undated

Series 13, Banner Paintings and Painters, 1892-1999, undated

Series 14, Folk Arts, 1783-1999, undated

Subseries 14.1, Reference Files, 1831-1988, undated

Subseries 14.2, Clocks and Watches, 1869-1876; 1976, undated

Subseries 14.3, Eagles, 1843-1989, undated

Subseries 14.4, Musical Instruments, 1963-1999, undated

Subseries 14.5, Painters and Paintings, 1950-1990, undated

Subseries 14.6, Signs and Symbols, 1974, 1976, undated

Subseries 14.7, Other Materials, 1872-1988, undated

Subseries 14.8, Miscellaneous, 1783-1954, undated

Series 15: Photographic Materials, 1832-1988, undated

Subseries 15.1, Photographs and Contact Sheets, 1940-1984, undated

Subseries 15.1.1, America's Forgotten Arts, undated

Subseries 15.1.2, Artists in Wood, undated

Subseries 15.1.3, General, 1940-1984, undated

Subseries 15.2, Slides, 1832-1987, undated

Subseries 15.3, Negatives, undated

Subseries 15.4, Glass Plate Negatives, undated

Subseries 15.5, Snapshots, 1964-1988, undated

Subseries 15.5.1, Artists, Manufacturers, and Dealers, undated

Subseries 15.5.2, Museum or Public Collections, 1964, undated

Subseries 15.5.3, Parks or Other Locations, undated

Subseries 15.5.4, Private Collections, 1987-1988, undated

Subseries 15.5.5, General, 1987-1988, undated

Series 16, Audiovisual Materials, 1940-1991, undated

Subseries 16.1, Audiocassette Tapes, 1971-1988, undated

Subseries 16.1.1, Lectures, 1974-1986, undated

Subseries 16.1.2, Interviews, 1971-1984, undated

Subseries 16.1.3, Music, 1972-1988, undated

Subseries 16.2, Audiotapes, 1940-1977, undated

Subseries 16.2.1, Lectures and Performances, 1969-1973, undated

Subseries 16.2.2, Interviews, 1940-1976, undated

Subseries 16.2.3, Conferences and Meetings, 1973-1977

Subseries 16.2.4, Music, 1956, undated

Subseries 16.2.5, Other, undated

Subseries 16.3, Videotapes, 1982-1991, undated
Biographical / Historical:
Frederick P. Fried was born December 11, 1908 in Brooklyn, New York. He grew up in the Williamsburg section of Brooklyn where his father owned a clock business across the street from Charles Carmel, a carousel carver. Fried acquired a fine-arts education in the 1930s with an emphasis on sculpture. He served with the Air Force during the Second World War. After a successful military career, Fried worked as art director in several fashion agencies. He met Mary McKenzie Hill, an academically trained artist in one of the studios.

Mary McKenzie Hill was born in 1914 in Baltimore, Maryland. She graduated from the Maryland Institute of Fine Arts. After graduation, she spent a year abroad studying before she returned to the United States to work as a fashion illustrator in Baltimore and New York. During World War Two Hill was a draftsman for a firm of architects.

Fried and Mary Hill married in 1949. The couple had two children Robert Hazen and Rachel. Around 1953 Fried began to collect architectural ornaments in New York. Fried served as the art director for Bonwit Teller in New York City from 1955-1962. He left the fashion world in 1962 to pursue his passion for collecting and writing full time. Fried published his first book, Pictorial History of Carousels in 1964. In 1967, Fred and Mary Fried purchased a forty-acre farm in Bristol, Vermont where the family spent their summers.

In 1968, Fried led a national campaign to preserve the Titanic Memorial Lighthouse (Seamen's Church Institute at South Street). He also became active in politics and served as the campaign manager for a New York State senator. His interest in Indian cigar store figures resulted in his publication Artists in Wood: American Carvers of Cigar Store Indians, Show Figures and Circus published in 1970. The focus of the book was Samuel Anderson Robb a New York wood carver. Fried co-founded the National Carousel Association in 1973. In 1978, Fried wrote America's Forgotten Folk Art with his wife Mary. This publication covered subjects such as carousels, banner painting, scarecrows, beach sand sculpture, tattoos, cast iron toys, amusement park architecture and trade signs.

Fried's collecting goal was to first preserve artifacts and to then make them available through his writings and exhibitions. His most treasured relics were the items he salvaged from the ruins of Coney Island. Fried referred to such artifacts as the uncelebrated arts. He became one of the founders of the Anonymous Arts Recovery Society a group of individuals who saved architectural ornaments from the wreckers' balls. In addition, he was one of the founders of the National Carousel Round Table which was created to preserve hand-carved merry-go-rounds. As a result of his collecting, research and writing Fried became recognized as the authority on carousels, coin-operated machines, and cigar store figures. He served as a consultant to many Museums; in particular as chief consultant on American Folk Art for the Smithsonian Institution.

Frederick and Mary Hill worked together in many ways to document, collect, preserve and increase the awareness about primarily the folk arts. Mary McKenzie Hill Fried passed away in 1988 at the age of seventy-four. Frederick P. Fried died July 1994 at the age of eighty-six.
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center, National Museum of American History

E. Howard Clock Company Records (NMAH.AC.00776)

M. Francis Misklea Carousel Collection (NMAH.AC.0665)

Archives Center Carousel Collection (NMAH.AC.0675)

Messmore and Damon, Incorporated Company Records (NMAH.AC.0846)

Anthony W. Pendergast Collection (NMAH.AC.0882)

Frank Paulin Photoprints (NMAH.AC.1373)

Wurlitzer Company Records (NMAH.AC.0469)
Provenance:
Collection a bequest of the Frederick Fried Estate.
Rights:
Reproduction restricted due to copyright or trademark. Fees for commercial reproduction.
Occupation:
Wood-carvers  Search this
Topic:
Periodicals  Search this
Merry-go-round art  Search this
Signs and signboards  Search this
Weather vanes  Search this
Coin-operated machines  Search this
Architecture -- Details  Search this
Amusement ride equipment industry  Search this
Amusement rides  Search this
Folk art  Search this
Merry-go-round  Search this
Figure sculpture -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 20th century
Advertisements
Clippings
Blueprints -- 20th century
Books
Auction catalogs
Design drawings
Citation:
Frederick and Mary Hill Fried Folk Art Archives, circa 1662-1999, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0528
See more items in:
Frederick and Mary Hill Fried Folk Art Archives
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0528
Online Media:

Archives Center Carousel Collection

Creator:
Fried, Frederick, 1909-1994  Search this
Illions, Bernard J.  Search this
Cernigliaro, Salvatore  Search this
Brill, Aaron K.  Search this
Cernigliaro, Marguerite  Search this
Pfaff, Mildred T.  Search this
Royal, Verna F.  Search this
Illions, Rudolph C.  Search this
Misklea, M. Francis  Search this
Source:
Cultural History, Division of (NMAH, SI).  Search this
Former owner:
Cultural History, Division of (NMAH, SI).  Search this
Extent:
1 Cubic foot (3 boxes, 1 oversize folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Newsletters
Photographs
Patents
Auction catalogs
Clippings
Cyanotypes
Design drawings
Price lists
Trade catalogs
Date:
1925-1994.
Scope and Contents note:
A diverse collection of papers relating to amusement parks and playgrounds, with most of the papers relating to carousels. Contents include correspondence, photographs (including one cyanotype), exhibition catalogs, trade literature and trade catalogs, price lists, articles and clippings, newsletters, and patents (photocopies) for carousel animals. One series, that relating to the woodcarver Salvatore Cernigliaro, contains his sketchbook for carousel animal designs.
Arrangement:
Divided into 7 series, arranged by donor.
Provenance:
Collection donated by multiple donors.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Occupation:
Wood-carvers  Search this
Topic:
Merry-go-round  Search this
Merry-go-round art  Search this
Playground equipment  Search this
Playgrounds  Search this
Amusement ride equipment industry  Search this
Amusement rides  Search this
Figure sculpture -- United States  Search this
Recreation  Search this
Genre/Form:
Newsletters
Photographs -- 20th century
Patents -- 20th century
Auction catalogs
Clippings
Cyanotypes
Design drawings
Price lists
Trade catalogs
Citation:
Archives Center Carousel Collection, 1925-1994, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0675
See more items in:
Archives Center Carousel Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0675
Online Media:

M. Francis Misklea Carousel Collection

Creator:
Spillman Engineering Corporation  Search this
Misklea, M. Francis  Search this
Allan Herschell Co.  Search this
Hershell-Spillman Company  Search this
Collector:
Cultural History, Division of (NMAH, SI).  Search this
Cultural History, Division of (NMAH, SI).  Search this
Extent:
2 Cubic feet (6 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Letters (correspondence)
Advertisements
Design drawings
Clippings
Stereographs
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Date:
1879-1956
Scope and Contents:
Miscellaneous documents, catalogs, scrapbooks, photographs and printed material relating to the carousels and other amusement park rides of the Allan Herschell Company (which earlier in its existence was called the Herschell-Spillman Company and the Spillman Engineerng Corporation).
Arrangement:
1 series.
Biographical / Historical:
Employee of the Allan Herschell Company, which manufactured amusement park rides.
Provenance:
Donated by Francis Misklea in 1974.
Restrictions:
Collection open for research on site by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Merry-go-round art  Search this
Amusement rides  Search this
Amusement ride equipment industry  Search this
Merry-go-round  Search this
Genre/Form:
Letters (correspondence) -- 1850-1900
Advertisements
Design drawings
Clippings
Stereographs
Scrapbooks
Photographs -- 19th century
Photographs -- 20th century
Letters (correspondence) -- 20th century.
Citation:
M. Francis Misklea Carousel Collection, 1879-1956, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0665
See more items in:
M. Francis Misklea Carousel Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0665
Online Media:

PTC carousels : the history of Philadelphia Toboggan Company carousels / Richard A. Gardner

Author:
Gardner, Richard A (Photographer)  Search this
Subject:
Philadelphia Toboggan Company History  Search this
Physical description:
192 pages : illustrations (chiefly color), portrait ; 23 x 29 cm
Type:
Pictorial works
History
Place:
United States
Date:
2012
Topic:
Merry-go-round  Search this
Merry-go-round horses  Search this
Merry-go-round art  Search this
Merry-go-round--History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1034933

Photographic compilation of the classic carousels of the Dentzel Carrousel Company

Author:
Gardner, Richard A (Photographer)  Search this
Writer of foreword:
Dentzel, William H. III  Search this
Subject:
G. A. Dentzel Carousel Company  Search this
William H. Dentzel Carousel Company  Search this
Physical description:
240 pages : chiefly color illustrations ; 28 x 33 cm
Type:
Pictorial works
History
Place:
United States
Date:
2016
Topic:
Merry-go-round  Search this
Merry-go-round horses  Search this
Merry-go-round art  Search this
Merry-go-round--History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1070037

American carvings : carousel figures, cigar store Indians and fine folk art carvings at auction : Passenger Piers 88, New York, New York, December 16, 1989

Author:
Guernsey's (Firm)  Search this
Subject:
Guernsey's (Firm)  Search this
Physical description:
1 v. (unpaged) : chiefly ill. (some col.) ; 23 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Place:
United States
Date:
1989
[1989]
Topic:
Wood-carving  Search this
Folk art  Search this
Merry-go-round art  Search this
Animals in art  Search this
Call number:
NK9712 .G84 1989
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_609893

The Carousel news & trader

Title:
Carousel news and trader
Type:
Periodicals
Place:
United States
Date:
1987
C1987-
Topic:
Merry-go-round art  Search this
Call number:
AP1 .C29
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_682692

The summer carousel auction : the Puck Building, 295 Lafayette Street, New York, New York

Title:
Guernsey's summer carousel auction
Author:
Guernsey's (Firm)  Search this
Physical description:
1 v. (unpaged) : ill. (some col.) ; 23 cm
Type:
Catalogs
Place:
United States
Date:
1992
[1992]
Topic:
Merry-go-round horses  Search this
Merry-go-round art  Search this
Call number:
NK5033 .S86 1992
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_682693

Carousel animals : artistry in motion / text and photographs by Tobin Fraley ; foreword by Gary K. Wolf

Author:
Fraley, Tobin  Search this
Physical description:
143 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 24 x 25 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
2002
C2002
Topic:
Merry-go-round art  Search this
Animal sculpture  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_689321

The American carousel / written & illustrated by Nina Fraley. Photos coordinated by Carroll Zensius

Author:
Fraley, Nina  Search this
Physical description:
32 p. : ill. ; 22 x 28 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1979
C1979
Topic:
Merry-go-round art  Search this
Folk art  Search this
Call number:
NK5033 .F812 1979
NK5033.F812 1979
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_424585

The great American carousel : a century of master craftmanship / Tobin Fraley ; foreword by Nina Fraley

Author:
Fraley, Tobin  Search this
Physical description:
132 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 25 x 26 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1994
C1994
Topic:
Wood-carving--History  Search this
Merry-go-round art--History  Search this
Animals in art--History  Search this
Wood-carvers--History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_468978

The carousel at auction : an outstanding grouping of complete carousels, individual animals and circus artifacts featuring items from the collections of Emmett Kelly and Merle Evans / Guernsey's

Author:
Guernsey's (Firm)  Search this
Subject:
Kelly, Emmett 1924- Circus collections  Search this
Evans, Merle Circus collections  Search this
Physical description:
103 p. : chiefly ill. (some col.) ; 22 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1987
Topic:
Merry-go-round art  Search this
Fairground art  Search this
Circus--Collectibles  Search this
Call number:
NK5030 .G93 1987
NK5030.G93 1987
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_323759

The carousel animal / text by Tobin Fraley ; photography by Gary Sinick ; preface by Nina Fraley

Author:
Fraley, Tobin  Search this
Sinick, Gary  Search this
Physical description:
127 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 23 x 29 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1983
C1983
Topic:
Merry-go-round--Catalogs  Search this
Merry-go-round art--Catalogs  Search this
Call number:
GV1860.M4F66 1983X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_324896

Painted ponies : American carousel art / by William Manns ; text by Peggy Shank ; technical editor, Marianne Stevens ; text edited by Dru Riley

Author:
Manns, William  Search this
Shank, Peggy  Search this
Riley, Dru  Search this
Physical description:
256 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 29 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1986
C1986
Topic:
Merry-go-round art  Search this
Folk art  Search this
Call number:
NK5033.M36 1986X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_325535

Philadelphia Toboggan Company carousels / by Richard A. Gardner

Author:
Gardner, Richard A (Photographer)  Search this
Subject:
Philadelphia Toboggan Company  Search this
Physical description:
2 volumes (337, 352 pages) : chiefly color illustrations ; 28 x 33 cm
Type:
Pictorial works
Place:
United States
Date:
2009
Topic:
Merry-go-round  Search this
Merry-go-round horses  Search this
Merry-go-round art  Search this
Merry-go-round--History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1036325

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