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Yusuf and the merchants

Medium:
Opaque watercolor, ink, and gold on paper Painted and mounted on an album page
Dimensions:
H x W: 29.6 x 19.2 cm (11 5/8 x 7 9/16 in)
Type:
Painting
Album
Origin:
Iran
Date:
early 20th century
Topic:
commerce  Search this
Yusuf  Search this
Iran  Search this
Arts of the Islamic World  Search this
Henri Vever collection  Search this
scale  Search this
WWII-era provenance  Search this
Credit Line:
Purchase — Smithsonian Unrestricted Trust Funds, Smithsonian Collections Acquisition Program, and Dr. Arthur M. Sackler
Accession Number:
S1986.426
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Collection
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ye3334b60d8-5ed7-46ad-adcd-4c2a54aa03ee
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fsg_S1986.426

Merchant Caravan in the Winter Mountains

Artist:
Attributed to Li Yin 李寅 (active 1694-1710)  Search this
Medium:
Ink and color on silk
Dimensions:
H x W (image): 138.7 x 81.1 cm (54 5/8 x 31 15/16 in)
Type:
Painting
Origin:
China
Date:
early 18th century
Period:
Qing dynasty
Topic:
landscape  Search this
winter  Search this
bull  Search this
Qing dynasty (1644 - 1911)  Search this
mountain  Search this
China  Search this
Chinese Art  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Charles Lang Freer
Accession Number:
F1919.108
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Related Online Resources:
Google Cultural Institute
See more items in:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Collection
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ye3a923d1a1-6bd6-4c9d-9469-26a0b7a87423
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fsg_F1919.108

The Cape Verdean Connection

Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Introduction:
The Cape Verdean Connection program provided an opportunity for Festival audiences to experience a culture that blends West African and Portuguese elements in unique and moving ways. It also provided a clear perspective on two important aspects of how culture is understood and made part of public discourse at the end of the 20th century. One is the idea of transnationalism - in a sense, the way that culture and community can be seen to be independent of territorial boundaries. The other is the opening of the Smithsonian and other national institutions to new cultural needs.

Cape Verdean culture is produced on both sides of the Atlantic, in communities in the Cape Verde Islands and in New England, California, the Netherlands, France, Senegal, Argentina, and elsewhere. Transnationalism in Cape Verdean society is determined, to be sure, in part by historical and environmental imperatives of dramatic proportions. But this condition is not unique. There are many other culture-bearing groups whose members find it necessary for survival to export their labor and themselves to another country, building new lives there but also sending support and maintaining ties to their old country through a variety of social and cultural organizations. Related cultures are often understood as offspring of an ancestral culture, their separate development explaining cultural differences.

But cultural relationships between such communities may sometimes be understood more concretely as being based in and built upon institutions. Cape Verdeans maintain ties through Cape Verdean-owned ships and shipping companies; family remittances and other economic exchange, such as banking and investments in the home country; print and electronic media that disseminate news of the communities; political parties, which were active in the anticolonial struggle and continue in post-independence politics; and international musical touring circuits and Cape Verdean-owned recording companies that are firmly grounded in Cape Verdean traditional musical genres. These are among this community's tools for cultural survival in a transcontinental context.

Cape Verdean American committees raised a substantial portion of the funds necessary for the Cape Verdean Connection program. In sponsoring the program, the Cape Verdean Americans are not only "discovering" the Smithsonian - that is, planting a Cape Verdean cultural flag and gaining international attention for their magnificent cultural achievements. They are also using institutional means to establish a unified yet richly diverse culture as the bedrock upon which to build a Cape Verdean identity - one that can help its bearers work together to meet the challenges presented by Cape Verdean history and its environment. The Festival, and the Smithsonian of which it is part, became an open forum for this kind of cultural exploration and discussion – amidst vibrant performances of Cape Verdean music and oral traditions and demonstrations of crafts and occupations, from both side of the Atlantic.

John W. Franklin and Peter Seitel were Curators, with Raymond A. Almeida as Senior Program Advisor & Fundraising Coordinator. In Cape Verde, John C. Wahnon was Coordinator of the Gabinete Smithsonian/Cape Verde, and at the Festival Jacqueline Schraad was Program Coordinator.

The Cape Verdean Connection was made possible with the support of the Government of Cape Verde on the occasion of its 20th anniversary of independence; Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation; Cape Verdean American community fundraising committees in Boston, Brockton, Cape Cod, New Bedford, Wareham, Providence/Pawtucket, Hartford, Norwich, Southern California, and Washington, D.C.; Ocean Spray Cranberries, Inc.; NYNEX; Luso-American Development Foundation; Fleet Charitable Trust; Raytheon Co.; the City of New Bedford, Massachusetts; the Town of Wareham, Massachusetts; Bell Atlantic; and the Cape Verdean-American Import/Export Company.
Researchers:
United States

Ronald Barboza, John Braman, Paul Cyr, Maria Resurreição DaSilva, Jose Dias Evora, Ana Fidalgo, Manuel Da Luz Gonçalves, Ulisses Gonçalves, John "Joli" Gonsalves, Virginia Neves Gonsalves, Susan Hurley-Glowa, Joaquim Livramento, James Lopes, Andanilza F. Miranda, Alberto Torres Pereira, Laura Pires-Hester, Ken Semedo, Romana Ramos Silva, Yvonne Marie Smart

Research Team Leaders, Advisors, and Specialists for Gabinete Smithsonian/Cape Verde

Manuel Antonio Barbosa, Maria Alice Barbosa, Josefina A. Chantre, Maria Miguel Estrela, João Gomes, Humberto Lima, Maria Livromento Lima, Osvaldio Osório, José Aureliano Ramos, Joaquim Silva

Additional Research & Photo Documentation

Ray Almeida, Ron Barboza, Beverly Conley, Diana N'Diaye, Pete Reiniger, Peter Seitel, Gunga Tolentino
Participants:
BATUKU, SÃO DOMINGOS, SANTIAGO

Inácia Maria Gomes ("Nacia Gomi"), -- batuku -- leader, Ribeira Seca, Santiago, Cape Verde

António Vaz Cabral ("António Dente d'Or"), -- batuku -- leader, São Domingos, Santiago, Cape Verde

Bernardino Sena Fernandes, 10-string guitar, São Domingos, Santiago, Cape Verde

Carlos Hermano C. Ferreira, 10-string guitar, São Domingos, Santiago, Cape Verde

Maria dos Reis Afonso, -- tchabeta -- , São Domingos, Santiago, Cape Verde

Maria A. dos Santos de Barros, -- tchabeta -- , São Domingos, Santiago, Cape Verde

Leandra Pereira Leal, -- tchabeta -- , São Domingos, Santiago, Cape Verde

Etelvina Lopes, -- tchabeta -- , São Domingos, Santiago, Cape Verde

Florença Vieira, drums, São Domingos, Santiago, Cape Verde

Andradinha Cunha Borges ("Dina"), dance, São Domingos, Santiago, Cape Verde

Nuesa Araujo, dance, Boston, Massachusetts, Cape Verde

Ana Paulo Monteiro, dance, Providence, Rhode Island, Cape Verde

Vitalina Semedo Tavares, -- tchabeta -- , São Domingos, Santiago, Cape Verde

FEASTS AND ORAL TRADITIONS

Feast of São João, Santo Antão

Luciano Chantre, drums, Ribeira Grande, Santo Antão, Cape Verde

Pedro Lima de Margarida dos Santos, drums, Ribeira Grande, Santo Antão, Cape Verde

Teodoro Marcelino Delgado, drums, Corda, Santo Antão, Cape Verde

João Evangelista Pinheiro da Luz, drums, João Afonso, Santo Antão, Cape Verde

Feast of São João, Rhode Island

Cleofas Perry ("Bia"), -- mastro -- , Providence, Rhode Island

Dulce De Andrade ("Dui") -- mastro -- , Pawtucket, Rhode Island

Antonio Moniz Rodrigues ("Totoi"), -- mastro -- , Pawtucket, Rhode Island

Oral Traditions

Teresa Alves ("Nha Tintina"), São Filipe, Fogo, Cape Verde

Tabanka

Josefa Rosa Ferreira, -- tabanka -- leader, Vila de Maio, Maio, Cape Verde

Jorge Tavares, Varzea, Praia, Santiago, Cape Verde

João Tavares, Varzea, Praia, Santiago, Cape Verde

Clarence da Graça, Varzea, Praia, Santiago, Cape Verde

Epifario Corvalho, Varzea, Praia, Santiago, Cape Verde

Juvenal Fonseca, Varzea, Praia, Santiago, Cape Verde

Frutuoso Nunes de Pina, Varzea, Praia, Santiago, Cape Verde

Dulcelino Nogueira Varzea, Praia, Santiago, Cape Verde

Carlos Tavares Silva Moreira ("Pedra"), Varzea, Praia, Santiago, Cape Verde

COLA

SONG AND DANCE

Lydia Cardoza, -- coladeira -- ( -- cola -- singer), Dorchester, Massachusetts

Armindo Fernandes, -- caixeiro -- (drums), Roxbury, Massachusetts

Simao Gomes, -- canizado -- (mask), Roxbury, Massachusetts

Domingo Pires, -- caixeiro -- (drums), Dorchester, Massachusetts

Alberto Rodrigues ("Quizinho"), violin, -- cola -- drums, Dorchester, Massachusetts

Rosa Teixeira, -- coladeira -- ( -- cola -- singer), Dorchester, Massachusetts

TRAPICHE (SUGAR CANE MILL)

António Manuel da Cruz, barrel maker, Eite de Paúl, Santo Antão, Cape Verde

Frederico Jose da Luz, -- cola boi -- (oxen) singer, Janela, Santo Antão, Cape Verde

Guilherme Medina, -- cola boi -- (oxen) singer, Lagedos, Santo Antão, Cape Verde

António da Rosa dos Santos Oliveira, -- trapiche -- owner, Campo de Cão, Paúl, Santo Antão, Cape Verde

António Jose dos Santos ("Antoninho"), alembic (still) maker, Campa de Cão, Paúl, Santo Antão, Cape Verde

CRAFTS AND OCCUPATIONS

Manuel Fatima Almeida, basket weaver, Porto Novo, Santo Antão, Cape Verde

Orlando J. Ribeiro Barreto, stonecutter, Praia, Santiago, Cape Verde

Maria Lopes de Brito ("Maria Paulo"), basket weaver, Manhanga, Picos, Santiago, Cape Verde

Basilio Lima Diago, toy maker, Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde

João Baptista Fonseca, instrument maker, Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde

Marcelino B. Fortes, -- kalabedotch -- weaver, Curral das Vacas, Ribeira das Patas, Santo Antão, Cape Verde

Miguel João Fortes ("Djei"), basket maker, Ribeira Brava, São Nicolau, Cape Verde

Julio Gomes Lima ("DjuDjui"), street paver, Nova Sintra, Brava, Cape Verde

Adelina Pina Lopes, crochet worker, Nova Sintra, Brava, Cape Verde

Benjamin J. Lopes, longshoreman, Providence, Rhode Island

Antonio Carlos Mosso Monteiro ("Tony"), potter, Rabil, Boa Vista, Cape Verde

João Henrique Monteiro ("Tchukay"), coconut carver, Praia, Santiago, Cape Verde

Raul Monteiro ("Cula"), -- pano -- weaver, New Bedford, Massachusetts

Domingas da Moura, potter, Fonte Lima, Santiago, Cape Verde

Albertina Jesus Pires ("Betino"), Feast of São João boat builder, Ribeira Grande, Santo Antão, Cape Verde

Gabriel Da Rosa, merchant marine, North Dartmouth, Massachusetts

Laura Russel ("Lola"), cranberry worker, Wareham, Massachusetts

Marcelino Santos, -- pano -- weaver, Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde

Ken Semedo, cranberry worker, West Wareham, Massachusetts

Alcides Rocha Silva, woodcarver, Pero Dias, Santo Antão, Cape Verde

Lourenço da Cruz Soares ("Lela"), boat builder, Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde

Candido Gomes Tavares, basket and hat weaver, Boca Larga, Fondura, Santiago, Cape Verde

José Silva Tavares ("Graçalinho"), potter, Pedra Barra, Santa Catarina, Santiago, Cape Verde

Benjamin de Almeida Teixeira, -- pano -- weaver, Ilheu, Santiago, Cape Verde

Jose Luis M. da Veiga, street paver, Praia, Santiago, Cape Verde

FOODWAYS

Hilda Brito, Brava cooking, New Bedford, Massachusetts

Constancia Ferreira Gomes Lima ("Tantcha"), Santo Antão sweets and liqueurs, Lomba de Tanque, São Vicente, Cape Verde

Maria Augusta Faria Lima, São Vicente cooking, Rockville, Maryland

Ambrosina Santos, Santo Antão cooking, Praia, Santiago, Cape Verde

Adalberta Celina Teixeira Silva, Santiago cooking, Picas, Santiago, Cape Verde

MUSIC

CAPE VERDEAN-AMERICAN DANCE BAND -- CAPE VERDEAN-AMERICAN DANCE BANDDavid Antunes, bass, South Dartmouth, MassachusettsMike Antunes, saxophone, South Dartmouth, MassachusettsJohn Duarte, violin, New Bedford, MassachusettsJohn Gonsalves ("Joli"), vocals, New Bedford, MassachusettsFeliciano Vierra Tavares ("Flash"), guitar, Hyannis, MassachusettsVictoria Vieira ("Vickie"), vocals, Providence, Rhode Island

MUSIC FROM BRAVA AND THE UNITED STATES

Protazio Brito ("Tazinho"), guitar, New Bedford, Massachusetts

Alcides da Graça, -- cavaquinho -- (ukulele), New Bedford, Massachusetts

Laurindo da Graça, guitar, New Bedford, Massachusetts

Ivo Pires, violin, Brockton, Massachusetts

URBAN COLADEIRA AND FUNANA

Emanuel Dias Fernandes ("Zeca de Nha Reinalda"), vocals, Assomada, Santiago, Cape Verde

George Jobe, bass, Pawtucket, Rhode Island

Ildo Lobo, vocals, Espargos, Sal, Cape Verde

João Mendes, vocals, Brockton, Massachusetts

Ramiro Mendes, guitar, vocals, Brockton, Massachusetts

Manuel Miranda ("Ne Miranda"), keyboards, Brockton, Massachusetts

Carlos Monteiro, drums, Providence, Rhode Island

MUSIC FROM BOA VISTA

Joaquim Alves ("Quim") guitar, -- cavaquinho -- (ukulele), Praia, Santiago, Cape Verde

Jose Carlos Silva Brito ("Vozinha"), guitar, Sal Rei, Sal, Cape Verde

Antonio Roque Evangelista Evora ("Taninho"), guitar, Espargos, Sal, Cape Verde

Noel Silva Fortes, violin, Sal Rei, Boa Vista, Cape Verde

Celina Pereira, vocals, Boa Vista, Cape Verde (residing in Portugal)

MUSIC FROM SÃO VICENTE

Malaquias António Costa ("Malaca"), violin, Fonte de Ines, São Vicente, Cape Verde

Adriano Gonçalves ("Bana"), vocals, Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde (residing in Portugal)

Manuel Nacimento Gonçalves ("Natal"), -- cavaquinho -- (ukulele), guitar, Monte Sossego, São Vicente, Cape Verde

Manuel de Jesus Lopes ("Manuel d'Novos") guitar, Chã Cemitério, São Vicente, Cape Verde

Luis Morais, saxophone, clarinet, flute, Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde

Titina Rodriguez, vocals, Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde (residing in Portugal)

Teresa Lopes Silva, vocals, Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde

Luisa Teresa da Graça Vaz, vocals, Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde

MUSIC FROM FOGO

Augusto de Pina ("Augusto Cego"), violin, São Filipe, Fogo, Cape Verde

Teodolindo Sedo Pontes ("Mino de Mama"), Gaita (accordion), São Filipe, Fogo, Cape Verde

Américo Rodrigues ("Denda"), -- cavaquinho -- (ukulele), Cova Figueira, Fogo, Cape Verde

Casimiro Santos da Rosa ("Nho Casimiro"), 10-string guitar, São Filipe, Fogo, Cape Verde

Antero Simas, guitar, Pretoria, Sal, Cape Verde

FUNANA

Teresa Gonçalveys Fortado ("Kinta Bela"), dance, Pedra Badejo, Santiago, Cape Verde

Simão Lopes ("Serna Lopi"), -- gaita -- (accordion), Ribeira Seca, Santiago, Cape Verde

Simão Ramos ("Mimosa"), -- ferrinho -- (iron bar), Pedra Badejo, Santiago, Cape Verde
Collection Restrictions:
Access by appointment only. Where a listening copy or viewing copy has been created, this is indicated in the respective inventory; additional materials may be accessible with sufficient advance notice and, in some cases, payment of a processing fee. Older papers are housed at a remote location and may require a minimum of three weeks' advance notice and payment of a retrieval fee. Certain formats such as multi-track audio recordings and EIAJ-1 videoreels (1/2 inch) may not be accessible. Contact the Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections at 202-633-7322 or rinzlerarchives@si.edu for additional information.
Collection Rights:
Copyright and other restrictions may apply. Generally, materials created during a Festival are covered by a release signed by each participant permitting their use for personal and educational purposes; materials created as part of the fieldwork leading to a Festival may be more restricted. We permit and encourage such personal and educational use of those materials provided digitally here, without special permissions. Use of any materials for publication, commercial use, or distribution requires a license from the Archives. Licensing fees may apply in addition to any processing fees.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1995 Festival of American Folklife, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
CFCH.SFF.1995, Series 2
See more items in:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1995 Festival of American Folklife
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/bk5b337bf45-4b2d-4875-93b9-13d89e59c408
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-sff-1995-ref18

Landy R. Hales Papers

Creator:
Hales, Landy R., 1889-1972  Search this
Extent:
5.5 Cubic feet (15 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photograph albums
Design drawings
Sketches
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Clippings
Date:
1908 - 1969
Summary:
Papers document Landy R. Hales (1889-1972), an inventor and commercial artist who designed window and interior store displays, posters, children's games, and puzzles primarily from 1920s to 1930s in New York City and Baltimore. Of significance is Hales's work for Macy's Department Store. The papers consist of correspondence, patents, business records for several of Hales's companies, photographs, drawings/sketches, prototypes, and newspaper and magazine clippings.
Scope and Contents:
The papers document Hales's career as an inventor and commercial artist as well as his work in games, puzzles, educational tools, and posters. The collection includes sketches and design drawings, photographs, publicity materials, clippings and articles, and game prototypes.

Series 1, Brilliant Sign Company, 1908-1909, consists of stock shares, transferred by Hales to others in the amount of twenty dollars for the Brilliant Sign Company of Baltimore City, Maryland.

Series 2, Landy R. Hales, Inc., 1927-1929, 1944, consists of of invoices, orders, and check stubs from R.H. Macy and Company and Gimbel Brothers, Inc. for work by Landy R. Hales, Inc. for window displays. The orders detail what will be constructed and decorated. The R.H. Macy materials also contain a 1927 souvenir from Macy's Wonderland Christmas. Included in this series is a 1944 United States Treasury Department War Finance Program citation to Landy R. Hales.

Series 3, Hales Layer Poster Corporation, 1922-1969 (bulk 1920s), consists of materials documenting Hales poster company. Hales's formed Hales Layer Poster Corporation in New York State on July 16, 1925 to manufacture, purchase, sell and deal in layer posters and equipment for constructing layer posters in packaged or other forms. The corporation's other directors were Alfred J. Silberstein and Alvin A. Silberman, both of New York. Hales developed a new method of making a poster by placing cut-out pieces of materials such as composition board or wood on a background, then building layers to form three dimensions in the finished product. The first store to use Hales layer posters was Saks Fifth Avenue in New York City. The posters were never sold and were only used in advertising and window displays.

The materials consist of stock shares and values, a certificate of incorporation, branded letterhead, correspondence, an order book (blank forms), a point-of-purchase ad featuring Little Red Riding Hood, a patent for a display device, layer poster instructions, examples of posters, sample card stock, and instructions for the ABCD Ease Game. The display device patent (US 1,563,485) was issued to Hales on December 1, 1925. The invention relates to display devices for commercial advertising arrangements constructed out of layers of veneer or cardboard for reproducing and illustrating articles for sale, magazines, posters or art works. The principal object was to provide a display picture having depth. The correspondence, 1922-1937, 1969 and undated, contains letters with individuals companies, hotels, and department stores primarily in New York City such as B.F. Keith's New York Hippodrome, Saks & Company, Hotel Nassau, Keystone Manufacturing Company, and Rialto Theatre. Much of the correspondence relates to services provided by Hales Layer Poster Corporation. Hales's correspondence with Morris Gest, a theatrical producer who introduced La Chauve-Souris, a touring revue during the early 1900s, to the United States. There is also a letter typewritten by Hales in 1969 to Pablo Picasso about copying Picasso prints using the Hales layer poster method.

The instructions for "how to make" a Hales layer poster are well documented, detailing the step-by-step process and including the use of Hales Studio colors for painting. Specific instructions for the "Tom, Tom Piper's Son" with color guide are found here. A full, unused layer poster kit is in box 14. Additionally, Hales created the ABCD Ease Game, a board game played with dice with the objective to reach "ease." The way to reach "Ease" is through truth, courage, justice, thrift, study, work, loyalty, and honesty. Instructions and prototypes of the gameboard are represented.

Series 4, Hales Manikins, Inc., 1938-1948 and undated, consists of correspondence, a voting trust agreement, board of directors meeting minutes, stock shares, a floor plan for the company, blueprints for rubber figures, and a patent for a manikin and method of making the same (US 2,129,421). Hales Maninikin incorporated in 1941 in Baltimore, Maryland to manufacture, distribute, sell and otherwise deal in manikins and other display advertising figures. The board of directors meeting minutes contain articles of incorporation, by-laws, and minutes.

Series 5, Hales Pictures, Inc., 1937-1938, 1967 and undated, consists of an agreement with Walt Disney Enterprises, sketches by Kay Kamen, Ltd., a press release about Hales Picture Puzzles, and prototypes of Hales Puzzle Pictures. Of note is a copy of the February 1938 Rockefeller Center Magazine. The magazine contains articles about science, technology, publishing, the arts, events at Radio City Music Hall (Disney-related) and television. It offers good documentation of office business machines.

The first series of puzzles Hales introduced in 1937 were four subjects from Walt Disney's characters: Mickey Mouse, Minnie Mouse, Pluto, and Donald Duck. The object of the puzzle was to put all of the pieces together in their proper place--some of the puzzle pieces were raised to different levels. After the puzzle was completed, it could be glued to a backboard. There are prototypes for the Mickey Mouse, Minnie Mouse and Donald Duck puzzles. Only the Mickey and Minnie puzzles contain puzzle pieces. The Donald Duck puzzle consists of the box only.

In August 1937, Hales Pictures Inc., entered into a one year agreement with Walt Disney Enterprises that granted Hales the right to reproduce Disney characters for his puzzles and poster pictures. Hales paid Disney the sum of five-hundred dollars as an advance on future royalties. Disney also provided to Hales typical representations of the Disney characters. There are a series of Kay Kamen Ltd., Disney character drawings for Pluto, Donald Duck, Minnie Mouse, and Mickey Mouse. These drawings were provided to Hales by Kamen. The Minnie and Mickey Mouse drawings have been heavily annotated and mocked up by Hales for the purposes of creating his signature Hales Puzzle Pictures. Kamen (d. 1949) began his professional career as a retail hat merchant and later entered advertising. In 1932, Kamen contacted Disney, soon signed a contract, and was named the company's sole licensing representative. Through merchandising, Kamen made Disney's mouse star popular.

Series 6, Hales Sign Company, 1909 and undated, consists of examples of promotional and branded pieces for Hales's sign painting business that was located in Baltimore, Maryland.

Series 7, Drawings/Sketches, 1927-1930 and undated, consists of pencil, ink and paint sketches. The bulk of the sketches are Christmas-related, such as the poster study for the Macy's Christmas Wonderland, 1927 and the toy department displays for a bridge, drawbridge, house and tower. Other sketches include Noah's Ark, a matador, the "The Wise Woman of Gotham," Carlin's Amusement Park of Baltimore, Maryland, and resort scenes (tennis, golf and sailing).

Series 8, Photographs, 1925-1935, consists primarily of black-and-white prints documenting Hales's work in his studio and for clients such as Macy's. Some of the photographs were taken by Worsinger Window Service, Hughes Company of Baltimore, Le Don Studio of White Plains, New York; Apeda Studio, Inc. of New York City; Schultze Studio of Brooklyn, New York, and H.C. Campbell Company of Oakland, California.

Series 9, Greeting Cards, undated, consists of examples of greeting cards and postcards, primarily for Christmas, Easter, and Valentines Day, assembled by Hales.

Series 10, Clippings, 1922-1935, consists of loose photocopies and original news and magazine clippings in a bound volume. The clippings primarily relate to Hales's work in New York City, but there are clippings about The Corner Shop at Macy's, and there are copies of illustrations assembled by Hales, specifically the "Best Fifty Small Folio Currier and Ives Prints. " The majority of these he clipped from the New York Sun. Also included are clippings about La Chauve-Souris the touring revue during the early 1900s.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into ten series.

Series 1, Brillant Sign Company, 1908-1909

Series 2, Landy R. Hales, Inc., 1927-1929, 1944

Series 3, Hales Layer Poster Corporation, 1922-1969 (bulk 1920s)

Series 4, Hales Manikins, Inc., 1938-1948 and undated

Series 5, Hales Pictures, Inc., 1937-1938, 1967 and undated

Series 6, Hales Sign Company, 1909 and undated

Series 7, Drawings/Sketches, 1927-1930 and undated

Series 8, Photographs, 1925-1935

Series 9, Greeting Cards, undated

Series 10, Clippings, 1922-1935
Biographical / Historical:
Landy R. Hales was born on September 17, 1889 in Baltimore, Maryland to Landy J. Hales and Fanny Linthicum Hales. Hales grew up in Anne Arundel, Maryland and had one brother, Wesley Hales. Hales began his career with no formal art training and apprenticed as a sign painter in Baltimore, Maryland. In 1908, Hales formed the Brilliant Sign Company in Baltimore to design displays for area businesses. In 1913, Hales married Lenore McCully. They had two children, Elizabeth McCully Hales (b. 1915) and Landy Romain Hales (b. 1921).

During World War I, Hales designed posters for the Liberty Bond Program, created by then Secretary of the Treasury William Gibbs McAdoo (1863-1941). This poster campaign was intended to popularize the bonds, and Hales created posters using his "layer technique," which was a method of making a poster by placing cut-out pieces of materials such as composition board or wood on a background, then building layers to form three dimensions in the finished product. In the early 1920s, Hales moved to New York City to advance his career and expand his opportunities. In New York, Hales specialized in display devices, commercial art, and advertising. An artist-inventor, Hales patented two ideas, a display device (US Patent 1,563,485) and a manikin (US Patent 2,129,421). He founded Landy R. Hales, Inc. (1925), Hales Layer Poster Corporation (1925), Hales Manikins, Inc. (1941), and Hales Pictures, Inc. 1937. In 1937, Hales Pictures Inc., entered into a one-year agreement with Walt Disney Enterprises that granted Hales the right to reproduce Disney characters for his puzzles and poster pictures. During the same year, Hales leased office space at Rockefeller Center.

Hales worked for Morris Gest, a theatrical producer, creating advertising for the Russian show Le Chauve Sourvis which featured the Parade of the Wooden Soldiers. Hales also manufactured and installed mechanical displays in Macy's Christmas windows at 34th Street and worked as an independent contractor for other department stores such as Gimbel Brothers and Saks & Company as well as the Hotel Nassau, Keystone Manufacturing Company, Rialto Theater, Keith's New York Hippodrome, and the Music Box Theatre.

Hales left New York City in 1945 and returned to Maryland, where he did commercial work for Carlin's Amusement Park in Baltimore and created layer posters for himself and family members. Hales died in 1972 at the age of 84.
Related Materials:
Materials at the Archives Center

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Parades:stereographs, circa 1880-1908 (AC0060)

Messmore and Damon Company Records, 1930s-1990s (AC0846)

Hudson Fulton Celebration Parade Photograph Album, 1909 (AC1149)

William L. Bird "Holidays on Display" Collection (AC1288)
Provenance:
The collection was donated by Katharine Landa McNulty Hogben, Frances Helen McNulty Beverage, Margaret Ann McNulty Klipp, Lenore Hales McNulty Frey, and Elizabeth Stuart McNulty on November 27, 2005.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Games  Search this
Display of merchandise  Search this
Toys -- 20th century  Search this
Store decoration  Search this
Parades  Search this
Parade floats  Search this
Show windows  Search this
Packaging  Search this
Parade float designers  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photograph albums
Design drawings
Sketches
Scrapbooks
Photographs -- 20th century
Clippings
Citation:
Landy R. Hales Papers, 1908-1969, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0906
See more items in:
Landy R. Hales Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep851d5a1c1-6cde-4678-93d8-d2dc3f1dfa2d
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0906
Online Media:

Princeton -- Prospect

Landscape architect:
Farrand, Beatrix, 1872-1959  Search this
Architect:
Notman, John, 1810-1865  Search this
Former owner:
Potter, John  Search this
Stuart, Robert L.  Search this
Stuart, Alexander  Search this
Names:
Princeton University  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Prospect (Princeton, New Jersey)
United States of America -- New Jersey -- Mercer County -- Princeton
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes a worksheet, photocopies of book excerpts and correspondence, and other information about the garden.
General:
Designed by John Notman around 1850 in an Italianate Victorian style, Prospect was the home of John Potter, a wealthy merchant originally from Charleston, South Carolina. At that time the property was not part of the Princeton University campus, but in 1878 it was bought by Robert L. and Alexander Stuart, who deeded it to the university. It served as the president's home until 1968, when it was converted to use as a faculty club and a glass addition was constructed. Prospect's gardens have seen many variations over the years, including design work by Beatrix Farrand around the time of the Princeton presidency of Woodrow Wilson (Farrand also served as a consulting landscape architect to the university from about 1913 to 1943). Part of Farrand's legacy was to create a design of paths and plantings in the shape of the university shield when viewed from above, which is maintained today via symmetrical boxwood hedges and arborvitae trees. Specimen trees of many varieties include an Atlas Cedar, Hawthorn, American Beech, and Tulip Poplar, as well as many varieties of conifers and evergreens, such as spruce, pine, and Canadian hemlock. Plantings are changed several times during the growing season; thousands of bulbs are a spring highlight. The images in this series are from the early 20th century, 1930 being an approximate date. Other images of Princeton University may be found in NJ110.
Persons associated with the site include Beatrix Farrand (landscape architect, ca. 1912), John Notman (architect, ca. 1850), John Potter (former owner, 1849-1878), and Robert L. and Alexander Stuart (former owners, ca. 1878).
Related Materials:
Prospect related holdings consist of 1 folder (2 lantern slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- New Jersey -- Princeton  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File NJ004
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / New Jersey
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb61f14bcb0-8c6b-4c95-82d1-6a027d09acca
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref20180

Hat

Maker:
Kotoko artist  Search this
Medium:
Fiber, seed pods, metal
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 7.4 x 15.7 x 15.1 cm (2 15/16 x 6 3/16 x 5 15/16 in.)
Type:
Textile and Fiber Arts
Geography:
Northern region, Cameroon
Date:
Mid-20th century
Topic:
Adornment  Search this
male  Search this
Credit Line:
Museum purchase
Object number:
99-9-1
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ys71e1a2a1b-7972-432d-b7ad-4c96f7b918f3
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_99-9-1

Hat

Maker:
Kotoko artist  Search this
Medium:
Fiber, encrustation
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 10.8 x 16 x 15.2 cm (4 1/4 x 6 5/16 x 6 in.)
Type:
Textile and Fiber Arts
Geography:
Northern region, Cameroon
Date:
Mid-20th century
Topic:
Adornment  Search this
male  Search this
Credit Line:
Museum purchase
Object number:
99-9-2
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ys77e5867b4-9920-4c00-90f4-af68a6f7efcd
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_99-9-2

Man riding a buffalo

Maker:
Pende artist  Search this
Medium:
Wood, pigment, brass tacks
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 56.5 x 23 x 32.5 cm (22 1/4 x 9 1/16 x 12 13/16 in.)
Type:
Figure
Geography:
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Date:
Early 20th century
Topic:
Leadership  Search this
Status  Search this
equestrian  Search this
male  Search this
bovine  Search this
Trade  Search this
Credit Line:
Bequest of Barbara and Joseph Goldenberg
Object number:
2011-4-1
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Exhibition:
Visionary: Viewpoints on Africa's Arts
On View:
NMAfA, Second Level Gallery (2193)
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ys70a534384-df19-4ee4-a970-da0ebed321bb
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_2011-4-1
Online Media:

Orangetown -- Seven Oaks

Former owner:
Park, Charles F.  Search this
Fox, Seth  Search this
Fox, Arthur Woodward  Search this
Fox, Ada Augusta Treadwell  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Seven Oaks (Palisades, New York)
United States of America -- New York -- Rockland County -- Orangetown -- Palisades
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes several worksheets and a detailed history/description of the property prepared for the New York State Office of Parks, Recreation & Historic Preservation.
General:
Situated along the Hudson River, Seven Oaks was originally developed as a 25-acre estate in the 19th century. Historically the grounds have featured open fields and dense, wooded areas, as well as numerous gardens. Although about 10 wooded acres were subdivided by the early 1990s, the Gothic Revival estate house, built in 1862, remains, as well as several Gothic Revival outbuildings and a more modern machine shop. In the 20th century a long greenhouse was added to the coachman's residence, but the core property remains essentially unaltered. Originally owned by the Park family, the estate passed in 1911 into the possession of Seth Fox, a New York City merchant. The Fox family used Seven Oaks as a summer place until the early 1920s, when they made it their year-round residence. The Fox family was also responsible for developing Seven Oaks' gardens, which are documented in this collection.
Persons associated with the garden include: Charles F. Park (former owner, ca. 1860-1911); Seth Fox (former owner, 1911-?); and Arthur Woodward Fox and Ada Augusta Treadwell Fox (former owners).
Related Materials:
Seven Oaks related holdings consist of 1 folder (113 35 mm. slides)
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- New York -- Palisades  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, American gardens collection.
Identifier:
AAG.AGC, File NY149
See more items in:
American Gardens Collection
American Gardens Collection / Series 1: Garden Images / United States of America / New York
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb63e9bb070-717d-4086-aa9e-d46013a78cc4
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-agc-ref523

Oral History Interview with Douglas Lee

Interviewer:
Meghelli, Samir  Search this
Creator:
Anacostia Community Museum  Search this
Extent:
1 Sound recording (MP3)
Type:
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Oral histories (document genres)
Interviews
Place:
Chinatown (Washington, D.C.)
Date:
2016 August 25
Scope and Contents:
Interview created as part of the research for the Anacostia Community Museum's "A Right to the City" exhibition.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of the materials requires an appointment. Please contact the archivist to make an appointment: ACMarchives@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Chinese Americans  Search this
Emigration and immigration  Search this
Neighborhoods -- Washington, D.C. -- History  Search this
Genre/Form:
Oral histories (document genres)
Interviews -- 21st century
Citation:
Interview with Douglass Lee, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
A Right to the City Exhibition Records
A Right to the City Exhibition Records / Series I: Oral History Interviews
Archival Repository:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/qa7a8042c29-9ae0-48b8-bbac-054d4d7250c1
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-acma-03-119-ref29
1 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View Oral History Interview with Douglas Lee digital asset number 1

Fox and Geese Game Board

Physical Description:
wood (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 8 7/8 in x 8 1/8 in x 7/16 in; 22.5425 cm x 20.6375 cm x 1.0922 cm
Object Name:
game, fox and geese board
Place Made:
United States: Massachusetts, Gloucester
Date made:
1883
Subject:
Fishing  Search this
Related event:
The Development of the Industrial United States  Search this
Related Publication:
Brown, James Temple. The Whale Fishery and Its Appliances
On the Water online exhibition
Related Web Publication:
http://americanhistory.si.edu/onthewater
Credit Line:
Captain George Merchant, Jr., through J. W. Collins
ID Number:
AG.057950
Catalog number:
057950
Accession number:
12158
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Fisheries
Government, Politics, and Reform
Cultures & Communities
Family & Social Life
Work
Sports & Leisure
Exhibition:
On the Water
Exhibition Location:
National Museum of American History
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a6-c97e-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_866995

Boat Model, Speed Boat, ca 1935

Physical Description:
white pine (overall material)
shellack (overall production method/technique)
Object Name:
boat
speed boat, rigged model
Other Terms:
boat; Maritime
Date made:
ca 1935
Subject:
Maritime  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Sam Johnson, Apalachicola, Florida
ID Number:
TR.311262
Catalog number:
311262
Accession number:
144182
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Maritime
Transportation
Ship Models
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a6-965d-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_844244

Scrimshaw Sperm Whale Tooth, 19th or 20th Century

Physical Description:
scrimshaw (overall production method/technique)
whale tooth (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 5 3/4 in x 2 1/2 in x 1 1/2 in; 14.605 cm x 6.35 cm x 3.81 cm
Object Name:
scrimshaw
scrimshaw tooth, whale
Date made:
19th-20th century
Credit Line:
From the collection of Dr. and Mrs. Wilbur J. Gould
ID Number:
1978.0052.36
Accession number:
1978.0052
Catalog number:
1978.0052.36
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Maritime
Cultures & Communities
Scrimshaw
Transportation
Art
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a1-0ae9-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_309410
Online Media:

Scrimshaw Sperm Whale Tooth, 20th Century

Physical Description:
whale tooth (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 5 3/4 in x 2 1/2 in x 1 1/2 in; 14.605 cm x 6.35 cm x 3.81 cm
Object Name:
scrimshaw
scrimshaw tooth
scrimshaw tooth, whale
Object Type:
scrimshaws
Other Terms:
scrimshaw; Maritime
Date made:
20th century
Credit Line:
From the collection of Dr. and Mrs. Wilbur J. Gould
ID Number:
1978.0052.15
Accession number:
1978.0052
Catalog number:
1978.52.15
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Maritime
Cultures & Communities
Scrimshaw
Transportation
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a6-7e7f-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_844347
Online Media:

Thomas Tucker and Tucker family papers, 1823-1877

Creator:
Tucker, Thomas  Search this
Subject:
Tucker, William Ellis  Search this
Topic:
Porcelain -- 19th century -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Porcelain industry -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Decorative arts  Search this
Theme:
Art Materials, Techniques, and Studio Art Education  Search this
Craft  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10613
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)214132
AAA_collcode_tuckthom
Theme:
Art Materials, Techniques, and Studio Art Education
Craft
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_214132

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Tools

Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Extent:
4.81 Cubic feet (consisting of 10 boxes, 1 folder, 4 oversize folders, 2 map case folders, 1 flat box (partial), plus digital images of some collection material.)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Advertising fliers
Exhibition catalogs
Sales records
Manuals
Annual reports
Print advertising
Blotters (writing equipment)
Publications
Business records
Business cards
Sales letters
Letterheads
Legal records
Photographs
Catalogs
Commercial catalogs
Catalogues
Printed materials
Receipts
Advertising cards
Mail order catalogs
Illustrations
Technical reports
Trade cards
Legal documents
Printed material
Trade catalogs
Periodicals
Technical manuals
Patents
Commercial correspondence
Invoices
Advertising
Sales catalogs
Advertising mail
Advertisements
Ephemera
Reports
Business ephemera
Trade literature
Manufacturers' catalogs
Business letters
Instructional materials
Printed ephemera
Correspondence
Date:
1834-1965
Summary:
A New York bookseller, Warshaw assembled this collection over nearly fifty years. The Warshaw Collection of Business Americana: Accounting and Bookkeeping forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Subseries 1.1: Subject Categories. The Subject Categories subseries is divided into 470 subject categories based on those created by Mr. Warshaw. These subject categories include topical subjects, types or forms of material, people, organizations, historical events, and other categories. An overview to the entire Warshaw collection is available here: Warshaw Collection of Business Americana
Scope and Contents:
Covers a variety of tools, hand tools, and machinery including cutters, dies, measurement tools, rules, lathes, crimping devices, clamps, drills, and related precision tools.

Materials represent a sampling of merchant and services transactions, but there are no full business records for any single entity. This category has a large volume of catalogues present and a few examples of industry reports and technical documentation.

With the industries and trades represented in this category, there is significant overlap with Hardware, Instruments, and Mensuration.
Arrangement:
Tools is arranged in three subseries.

Business Records and Marketing Material

Genre

Subject
Forms Part Of:
Forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana.

Series 1: Business Ephemera

Series 2: Other Collection Divisions

Series 3: Isadore Warshaw Personal Papers

Series 4: Photographic Reference Material
Provenance:
Tools is a portion of the Business Ephemera Series of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Accession AC0060 purchased from Isadore Warshaw in 1967. Warshaw continued to accumulate similar material until his death, which was donated in 1971 by his widow, Augusta. For a period after acquisition, related materials from other sources (of mixed provenance) were added to the collection so there may be content produced or published after Warshaw's death in 1969. This practice has since ceased.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Machine-tools  Search this
Manufacturing industries  Search this
Tool makers  Search this
Manufacturing  Search this
Pipe  Search this
Manufacturing processes  Search this
Hardware stores -- 1870-1880  Search this
Machine-tool industry  Search this
Woodworking machinery -- 1830-1960  Search this
Light machinery  Search this
Tools  Search this
Hardware stores -- 1860-1870 -- Pennsylvania  Search this
Machinery  Search this
Machinery industry  Search this
Machine shops  Search this
Consumer goods -- Catalogs  Search this
Genre/Form:
Advertising fliers
Exhibition catalogs
Sales records
Manuals
Annual reports
Print advertising
Blotters (writing equipment)
Publications -- Business
Business records
Business cards
Sales letters
Letterheads
Legal records
Photographs
Catalogs
Commercial catalogs
Catalogues
Printed materials
Receipts
Advertising cards
Mail order catalogs
Illustrations
Technical reports
Trade cards
Legal documents
Printed material
Trade catalogs
Periodicals
Technical manuals -- 20th century
Patents
Commercial correspondence
Invoices
Advertising
Sales catalogs
Publications
Advertising mail
Advertisements
Ephemera
Reports
Business ephemera
Trade literature
Manufacturers' catalogs
Business letters
Instructional materials
Printed ephemera
Correspondence
Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Tools, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0060.S01.01.Tools
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Tools
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8fa1598e9-2925-4cc5-a7bc-4af23f3bb786
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-tools
Online Media:

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Lumber Industry and Trade

Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Extent:
4.58 Cubic feet (consisting of 10 boxes, 1 folder, 3 oversize folders.)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Technical reports
Business cards
Business letters
Manufacturers' catalogs
Advertisements
Business ephemera
Advertising cards
Receipts
Invoices
Printed material
Sales letters
Commercial catalogs
Trade cards
Technical manuals
Publications
Legal documents
Trade catalogs
Printed ephemera
Trade literature
Sales catalogs
Manuals
Printed materials
Catalogues
Advertising mail
Print advertising
Catalogs
Correspondence
Ephemera
Reports
Advertising
Business records
Sales records
Illustrations
Letterheads
Advertising fliers
Date:
1790-1965
bulk 1840-1945
Summary:
A New York bookseller, Warshaw assembled this collection over nearly fifty years. The Warshaw Collection of Business Americana: Accounting and Bookkeeping forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Subseries 1.1: Subject Categories. The Subject Categories subseries is divided into 470 subject categories based on those created by Mr. Warshaw. These subject categories include topical subjects, types or forms of material, people, organizations, historical events, and other categories. An overview to the entire Warshaw collection is available here: Warshaw Collection of Business Americana
Scope and Contents:
Materials in this category document the commercial lumber trade of both raw and finished material by producers, dealers, and wholesalers. The application of lumber in residential and commercial building is well-represented, as well as other uses such as infrastructure use in railroad ties, telephones, and marine building.

Documents include receipts and invoices, correspondence, a lumber account book, advertisements, association documents, business cards, caricature, images, import/ export documents, legal documents, patents, preservation, price lists, product samples, publications, shipping and receiving documents, and trade literature.

No extensive runs or complete records exist for any single company, brand, and no particular depth is present for any singular subtopic though some publications may provide general and historical overviews of a person, company, or facet of industry.
Arrangement:
Lumber Industry and Trade is arranged in three subseries.

Missing Title

Business Records and Marketing Material



Genre

Subject
Partial List of Company Names:
Alcott, C.W. & Son Lumber Dealers, New York

Allen, Gillingham & Company, Lumber Yard, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Allen & Knight Lumber Yard, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Allston

American Hard Wood Manufacturing Association

American Hoist and Derrick Company, Saint Paul, Minnesota

American Lumber & Manufacturing Company

American Tie & Timber Company Incorporated

American Vulcanizing Wood & Lumber Company

American Wood Carbolizing Company , New York

Anderson & Ailing

Archibald Lumber & Tie Company

Arlington Lumber Company , Condon, Oregon

Armsby, Morse & Company , Lumber Dealers, Millbury, MA

Arnold, Folsom & Company , Commission Lumber Dealers, Albany, New York

Atlantic Lumber Company, Buffalo, NY

Atwater, W.H.

Atwood & Company, J.B.

Auger & Son, Quebec

Ayers, Dr. A.B.,

Backus & Brother, Lumber Manufacturers & Whole Dealers, Detroit, MI

Barlett Brothers Mfg. Company, Roby's Corner, NH

Barnes, Lawrence Lumber Company , Burlington, Vermont

Baxter, G.S. & Company, Lumber Manufacturers and Shipping, Jacksonville, Florida

Baxter, George S.

Bearden, R.B., St. Louis, MO

Beecher & Sillimand, Albann, NH

Bell brothers Timber Dealers, NY

Bender, Wendell

Bennet & Company , Wholesale Lumber

Bennet, Ray H. Lumber Company, North Tonawanda, NY

Bennet & Dimon, Manufacturers and Wholesale Dealers in Lumber, Niles Valley, PA

Bigler & Son's Saw Mills, Timber and Lumber Dealers, New York, NY

Bingham, Herbert S., Wholesale Lumber, Scranton, PA

Binkley & Nielson Timber Company, Niagara Falls, NY

Birch, S.M., Wholesale Lumber Merchant

Blakeslee, Charles L. Lumber Mfg. Co., Albany, NY

C.L. Blakeslee & Son Mfg. Co., Albany, New York

Blakeslee Lumber Co., Albany, NY

Bliss, J.A., Mfg. & Dealer in Lumber, Tonawanda, NY

Boyd, Herbert A., Huntington, West Va.

Brown, Bowman & Bledsoe, Lumber, Baltimore, MD

Buell, Guy I., Spring Hope, NC

Burgoyne, C.R., Pensacola, Florida

Burton, B.P., Wholesale Lumber Commission Merchant, Philadelphia, PA

Butler, J.H. & Brother Inc., Yonkers, NY

Cameron & Hawn, General Lumber Dealers, Albany, New York

Carolina Lumber Mfg. Co., Greenville, SC

Carr Lumber Company, Pisgah Forest, NC

Cate, L.G., Manufacturer of Lumber, Jacksonville, Florida

Chicago Car Lumber Co., Manufacturers and Wholesalers of Lumber, Chicago, IL

Chicago House Wrecking Co. (Harris Brothers Co.), Chicago, IL

Clark & Smith Saw Mill, Boston, MA

Clifford, S.L., Lumber Manufacturers, North Haverhill, N.H.

Clark & Sumner, Wholesale Lumber Merchants, Albany, New York

Consolidated Lumber Co., Savannah, Georgia

Converse, A. Place Lumber Company, Manufacturers, Wholesale, and Retail Dealers in Lumber, Dover, NH

Coolbaugh, C.C. & Son Co., Philadelphia, PA

Cornplanter Lumber Company, The, Buffalo, New York

Crane, W.B. and Co., Hardwood Lumber, Timber, and ties, Chicago, IL

Crane, Dr. H.A., Lumber & Timber Dealer

Curtis Moldings and Trim, Clinton, Iowa

Cutter, H. & Co., Mahogany & Fancy Wood Dealers

Cutting, Frank A., Hemlock Bark Dealer, Boston, MA

Cypress Lumber Co., The, Boston, MA

Dalton & Kibber, Dealers in All Kinds of Lumber, Albany, NY

Dart & Brothers, Rough and Dressed Lumber, Buffalo, NY

Deacon, H.R., Wholesale and Retail Lumber Yard, Philadelphia, PA

Deep River Lumber Corporation, Norfolk, VA

Deering, Rufus & Co., Lumber Dealers, Portland, Oregon

Deimel, H.A. Lumber Dealer, Herkimer, NY

Demeritt & Burnham, Wood and Lumber Dealers

Dexter & Noble, Manufacturers of Lumber, Elk Rapids, MI

Dickinson Bros., Ridgway, Pa

Dodd, C.H., DeRidder, LA

Dodge & Bliss Company, Manufacturers and Dealers in Lumber, Jersey City, NJ

Douglass, John & Sons, Wholesale Lumber Merchants, Albany, NY

Douglass, Saxe & Co., Wholesale Lumber Commission, Albany, NY

Downer & Kellogg, Dr., Dealers in Rough and Dressed Lumber, Utica, NY

Duker, Otto & Co., Steam Planning Mills & Lumber Yards

Dunham, Greene & Co., Commission Lumber Merchants, Albany, NY

Eagle Square Manufacturing Co., South Shaftsbury, Vermont

Earle, T. & O.K., Building and Finishing Lumber, Worchester, MA

Easton, C.P., Wholesale dealer in Lumber, Albany, NY

Eccleston Lumber Co. Manufacturers, New York, NY

Elias, G. & Bros., Timber and Lumber, Buffalo, NY

Eschenbach, John N., Lumber Company, Wilkes-Barre, PA

Este, Charles, Lumber Merchant, Philadelphia, PA

Etter, Siple & Carmany's, Steam Saw Mills, Dauphin, PA

Fee, Frank F., Dermott, Arkansas

Fogg, Ezra D., Lumber Commission Merchant, Providence, RI

Forest Lumber Co., Pittsburgh ~ Philadelphia, PA

Gage, Dr. C. & J.C., Manufacturers and Dealers in Wood and Lumber, Fisherville, NH

Ganahl, John J. Lumber Co., St. Louis, MO

Garret and Edward Green, New York

Garrison, S.B., Steam Mill and Lumber Yard, Camden, NJ

Gaskill, J.W. & Sons, Lumber commission Merchants, Philadelphia, PA

Gibsons' Albany Steam Planning and Saw Mills, Albany, New York

Gratwick, William H. & Co., Wholesale Lumber Merchants, Albany, NY

Grayson & Cain, All Kinds Hardwood Lumber, Washington, DC

Green, Charles S., Manufacturers of Hemlock and Hard Wood Lumber, Roaring Branch, PA

Grieme, H.C. Co., Lumber Brick and Building Material, Amsterdam, NY

Griffin Lumber Company, Wholesale Lumber and Retail, Sandy Hill, NY

Hallam Lumber Company, Wholesale Georgia Long Leaf Pine, Macon, Georgia

Hamm, C.H. & Co., Manufacturers of and Dealers in all kinds of Long and Short Lumber, Boston, MA

Hanna, C.W. & Co., Dover, Kentucky

Harbert, Russell & Co., Lumber Merchants, Philadelphia, PA

Harriman, Abel H. and Co., Manufacturers of Hogshead Shooks, Bridgton, Maine

Harrisburg Car Company's Saw Mill and Lumber Yards, Harrisburg, PA

Harrington, F.C., Dealer in Lumber, Philadelphia, PA

Harrod & Fernald, Boston, MA

Hartmann-Sanders Co., Chicago & New York

Hartough, P.C. & Co., Timber Dealers, New York, NY

Hawley, F.B., Albany, New York

Hawley, F.B., Albany, New York

Hawley, H.Q. & Co., Dr., Albany, New York

Headlam, Wm. & Sons, Albany, New York

Heinemann, B. Lumber Co., Wausau, Wisconsin

Henry & Carter, Commission Lumber Merchants, Albany, NY

Higbie, Douglas & co., Commission Lumber Dealers, Albany, NY

Hiram Hill, Hard wood Lumber Dealer, Providence, RI

Hines, Edward Lumber Co., Chicago, IL

Hoagland, George A., Wholesale Lumber Dealers, Omaha, NE

Houtz, D.K. & Co., Wholesale and Retail Lumber Merchants, Philadelphia, PA

Hughes Bros. & Co., Pine Lumber & Shingles, Lapeen, MI

Hunsicker, Henry A., Lumber Merchant, Philadelphia, PA

Hunter, Dexter, Lumber Merchant, Albany, NY

Hunter, Gilbert & Son, Lumber Merchants, Albany, NY

Hutton & Bourbonnais Co., Manufacturers of Lumber, Hickory, NC

Hutton, William, Dr., Lumber Dealer, Rondent, NY

Insuliter, The, Minneapolis, Minnesota

International Lumber and Development, Philadelphia, PA

Kraetzer-Cured Lumber Co., Moorehead, Mississippi

Kramer, H. & Bro., Lumber, Shingles, Flooring, Maria Stein, Ohio

Jones, R.T. Lumber Co., North Tonawanda, NY

Jackson, J.C. & Co., Lumber and Timber, Lockport, NY

Janney, Samuel S., Lumber Merchant, Philadelphia, PA

Johnson & Sons, Lumber Commission Merchants, Baltimore, MD

Jones, R.T. Lumber Co., North Tonawanda, NY

Joslin, John H., Eastern and Western Lumber, Providence, RI

Lesh & Matthews, Warsaw, Indiana

Levering, W.A. Lumber Commission Merchant, Philadelphia, PA

Lieberman, Loveman & O'Brien, Manufacturers of Rough and Dressed Lumber, Nashville, Tennessee

Lloyd, William m. & Co., Lumber dealers, Philadelphia, PA

Long Bell Lumber Co., Kansas City, MO

Loud's, H.M. Sons Co., North Tonawanda, NY

Loyal Lovejoy & Co., Lumber Dealers, Boston, MA

Lumber-Trade-Journal, New Orleans, LA

Lumbermen's Rail and Equipment Bureau, Chicago, IL

Luther, T.C., Forest Products and Wholesalers

Lyons Lumber Company, Lyons, Iowa

Marquette-Bailey lumber Company, Lumber Manufacturers, Lock Haven, PA

Maule & Brothers, Dr., Lumber Merchants, Philadelphia, PA

Maule & Donohue, Dr., Lumber Dealers, Philadelphia, PA

McClave Brothers, Lumber Dealers, New York, NY

McClave, E.W. & Co., Dealers in Yellow Pine, New York, NY

McCullough & bro., Dealers in Lumber, Coal and Lime, Hills Landing

McKee, W.I. Lumber Co., Manufacturers and Wholesalers, Quincy, IL

McLean, John S., New York, NY

Mead, Dunham & Co., Commission Lumber Merchants, Albany, NY

Menzies, William Timber Dealer, New York

Menzies, Viele & MAther, New York

Merchants Mutual Building Material Assn., New York

Millard Lumber Co., New York

Millard's, W. Sons Wholesale Lumber Dealers, New Hamburgh, NY

Millener, J.H. & Co., Manufacturer & Dealer of Building Timber, Tonawanda, NY

Modoc Lumber Co., Chiloqin, Oregon

Montgomery & Co. Lumber Manufacuters, Grand Rapids, MI

Moore, David Com. Lumber Merchants & Co., Newburgh, NY

Moore & McClung Retail and Wholesale Dealers, Newburgh, NY

Moore, R.H. & Zimmerman Lumber Dealers, Albany, NY

Morse and Company Wholesale and Manufacturers, Bangor, Maine

Morse, Wm. B. & Co., Pine and Hemlock Lumber, Rochester, NY

Morton, Black & Bro., Coal and Lumber Merchants, Chester Dock, PA

Mueller, Charles of Lumber, Lath, Davenport, Iowa

Munson, J.L. Lumber Dealer, Chapinville, NY

New England Baled Shavings Co., Albany, NY

Niedermeyer-Martin Lumber Co., Portland, Oregon

Northwestern Compo-Board Co., Minneapolis, Minn.

Park & Nelson Wholesale and Manufacturing, Redwing, Minn.

Patterson, J.E. & Co. Lumber dealers, Pittston, PA

Pease Co., The, Cincinnati, Ohio

Peckham, Wolf & Co., Wholesale and Retail Manufacturers, Schenectady, NY

Potter, James A. Retail Dealer, Providence, RI

Rathbun, Joshua & Co., Albany, NY

Reeves, Ward S. Lumber Dealer, Astoria, LA City

Remsdells & Co., Lumber Dealers, Savannah, NY

Riley, Thomas R., Dr., Lumber dealer, Washington, D.C.

Ruggles White Pine Co., Inc., Boston, MA

Salisbury & Co., Commision Wholesale Merchants, Albany, New York

Scott, Alexander & Son, Lumber Dealer, Concordville, PA

Shepard, Dave & Co. Whalesale Lumber Dealers, Burlington, Vermont

Shryock, Thom Wholesale Lumber, Baltimore, MD

Simons & Griswold Lumber retail & Wholesale Dealers, Albany, NY

Skillings, D.N. & Co., Lumber Dealers, Boston, MA

Skillings, Whitney Bros. & Barnes, Boston, MA & Albany, NY

Slocum, H.W., Lumber Retail Dealer, Providence, RI

Slocum, J.L. , Lumber Dealers, Providence, RI

Snoqualmie Falls, Lumber Co., Snoqualmie Falls, Washington

Southern Cyress, Jacksonville, Fla.

Steam Saw Mills, Winsted, Wisconsin

Stetson & Pope Timber Dealers, Boston, MA

Stetson & Post Lumber Co., Seattle, WA

Streight, A.D. Wholesale Dealer and Manufacturers of Lumber, Indianapolis, Ind.

Sullivan, C.F. Pacific Coast Lumber, Buffalo, NY

Sumner & Hascy , Commission Lumber Merchant, Albany, NY

Taylor & Mendenhall

Taylor, William Lumber Dealers, Troy, NY

Taylor & Crate Lumber Dealers, Buffalo, NY

Titcomb, F.W. Wholesale Manufacturer, Houlton, Maine

Thomas & Hyatt Commission Lumber Merchants, Albany, NY

Thompson, Benj. & Co., Wholesale Dealers, Charlestown

Thomson, L. & Co., Wholesale Lumber Dealers, Albany, NY

Timber Engineering Company

Timber Structure Inc.

Towner, B.A. & Son, Wholesale Lumber Dealers, Albany, NY

Upson Company

Towner, J.O. & Co., Wholesale Lumber Dealers, Albany, NY

Trask & Clark Wholesale Dealers, Woonsocket

Tucker & Kelly , Wholesale Lumber Dealers, Albany, NY

Turck, William Wholesale & Retail Lumber Co.

Uhler, Peter Timber Manufacturer, Easton, PA

United States Gypsum Company

United States Plywood Co.

Vandemark, S. & Sons

Vanderbilt & Hopkins, Dealers and Manufacturers of Lumber

Vanderbeek & Sons

Vandenburg, H.L. & Co.

Valley Tie & Timber Co.

Veneer Assn.

Virginia Tie & Lumber Co., Virginia

Vose, Rodney, Lumber Merchant & Forwarder

Ward, J.C. & Son

West Coast Lumberman's Assn., Seattle, Washington

Weyerhaeuser Forest Products

White, John T. & Son, Philadelphia, PA

White, Loveland, & Co.

Whitney, Baxter D. & Son, Inc., Wichendon, MA

White Pine

Whitney, C.D. Jr. & Co., Wholesale Lumber Dealers, Albany, NY

Williams, C.P. & Co., Wholesale Lumber Dealers, Albany, NY

Williams, J.J. & F.H., Lumber Merchants, Philadelphia, PA

Williams, R.D. & J.J. , Lumber Merchants, Philadelphia, PA

Williamsport & Philade Lumber Co., Philadelphia, PA

Williamstown and Redfield, Railroad & Forest Co.

Wisconsin Valley Lumbermen's Association

Wood, Joshua Lumber Co., New York

Wood Preserving Co., New York

Yellow Pine Commission Lumber De3alers, Brooklyn, NY

Yellow Pine Manufacturers' Association, St. Louis, MO

Young, A., & P.B. Wholesalers and Retail Dealers, Hiram, Maine

Young, B.E. & Co. Lumber Dealers, Annandale, NJ

Youngs & Corley Lumber Dealers & Box Makers, New York

Zellerbach Corp.
Forms Part Of:
Forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana.

Missing Title

Series 1: Business Ephemera

Series 2: Other Collection Divisions

Series 3: Isadore Warshaw Personal Papers

Series 4: Photographic Reference Material
Provenance:
Lumber Trade and Industry is a portion of the Business Ephemera Series of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Accession AC0060 purchased from Isadore Warshaw in 1967. Warshaw continued to accumulate similar material until his death, which was donated in 1971 by his widow, Augusta. For a period after acquisition, related materials from other sources (of mixed provenance) were added to the collection so there may be content produced or published after Warshaw's death in 1969. This practice has since ceased.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Sales promotion  Search this
Patents  Search this
Wood  Search this
Periodicals  Search this
Sawmills  Search this
Lumber trade -- 19th century  Search this
Logging  Search this
Manufacturing  Search this
Consumer goods -- Catalogs  Search this
Genre/Form:
Technical reports
Business cards
Business letters
Manufacturers' catalogs
Advertisements
Business ephemera
Advertising cards
Receipts
Invoices
Printed material
Sales letters
Commercial catalogs
Trade cards
Technical manuals -- 20th century
Publications
Legal documents
Trade catalogs
Printed ephemera
Trade literature
Sales catalogs
Manuals
Printed materials
Catalogues
Advertising mail
Print advertising
Catalogs
Correspondence
Publications -- Business
Ephemera
Reports
Advertising
Business records
Sales records
Illustrations
Letterheads
Advertising fliers
Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Lumber Trade and Industry, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0060.S01.01.Lumber
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Lumber Industry and Trade
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8a8a7cc07-6fc0-4a2c-8432-79a4ab6aab3a
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-lumber

La Caisse de Balons ou Les Commis Effrayes

Medium:
Print, Etching on Paper, Hand Colored
Dimensions:
2-D - Unframed (H x W): 29.8 x 19.7cm (11 3/4 x 7 3/4 in.)
2-D - In Frame (H x W x D): 48.6 x 43.5cm (19 1/8 x 17 1/8 in.)
Type:
ART-Prints, Original
Country of Origin:
France
Credit Line:
Gift of Harry F. Guggenheim
Inventory Number:
A19680063000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv9bdb38345-56ea-4ca6-be4d-0130540001e2
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19680063000

Samuel Cupples

Artist:
Gustav Goetsch, 1877 - 1969  Search this
Sitter:
Samuel Cupples, 1831 - 1912  Search this
Medium:
Oil on masonite
Type:
Painting
Date:
20th century
Topic:
Samuel Cupples: Male  Search this
Samuel Cupples: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Industrialist\Manufacturer  Search this
Samuel Cupples: Society and Social Change\Philanthropist  Search this
Samuel Cupples: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Merchant  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Washington University
Object number:
WU 3158
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm487826097-2247-48ef-94fa-647d197c9487
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_WU_3158

Edward Beale and Kit Carson

Artist:
Isidore Konti, 1862 - 1938  Search this
Sitter:
Edward Fitzgerald Beale, 1822 - 1893  Search this
Christopher Houston Carson, 24 Dec 1809 - 23 May 1868  Search this
Medium:
Bronze
Dimensions:
406.4 x 213.4cm (160 x 84")
Type:
Sculpture
Date:
late 19th-mid 20th century
Topic:
Edward Fitzgerald Beale: Male  Search this
Edward Fitzgerald Beale: Natural Resources\Explorer  Search this
Edward Fitzgerald Beale: Military\Navy\Officer  Search this
Edward Fitzgerald Beale: Science and Technology\Engineer  Search this
Edward Fitzgerald Beale: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Minister  Search this
Edward Fitzgerald Beale: Politics and Government\Politician  Search this
Edward Fitzgerald Beale: Politics and Government\Government Official\Surveyor  Search this
Christopher Houston Carson: Male  Search this
Christopher Houston Carson: Military\Army\Officer\Colonel  Search this
Christopher Houston Carson: Military\Soldier  Search this
Christopher Houston Carson: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Merchant\Trader\Fur trader  Search this
Christopher Houston Carson: Natural Resources\Scout  Search this
Christopher Houston Carson: Natural Resources\Guide  Search this
Christopher Houston Carson: Politics and Government\Government Official\Indian agent  Search this
Christopher Houston Carson: Natural Resources\Hunter  Search this
Christopher Houston Carson: Natural Resources\Trapper  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Smithsonian American Art Museum
Object number:
XX101 SAAM
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4dba13938-b6ba-45b3-b4f4-de6a3fe3ab09
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_XX101_SAAM

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