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Forest, Field and Sea: Folklife in Indonesia

Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Introduction:
Indonesia is the fifth most populous country in the world with a population of over 180 million, a land of enormous cultural diversity with 300 distinct ethnic groups living on more than 1,000 islands distributed across 3,000 miles of ocean. How could the Festival approach such a complex nation and bring it to the National Mall?

Examples of cultural adaptations by people from three Indonesian provinces to vastly different environments were selected to provide an introduction to Indonesia's great diversity - Kenyah and Modang people living in the lowland and upland forests of East Kalimantan, Bugis and Makassarese maritime people living in coastal South Sulawesi, and rural Javanese and Madurese agriculturalists living in coastal and inland East Java. These communities displayed some of the indigenous skills and traditional knowledge that have developed in environments outside the urban centers and fertile river valleys of the Indonesian heartland. Together, these rich traditions are the expression of a civilization whose cultural sources - local, Hindu, Buddhist, Islamic - are as complex as any on earth.

Kenyah and Modang people of Kalimantan showed visitors how they have made life possible and meaningful in the rainforest. Festival-goers could witness their careful use of indigenous plants for medicine, trees for vernacular longhouses, and other forest products for aesthetic and religious practices. Buginese and Makassarese boatbuilders, seafarers, cooks, and silk makers demonstrated skills they use to live with and from the sea - the economic trade and natural bounty it has historically provided. And from East Java came village agriculturalists, rice farmers of that island's rich soil who have developed an intricate fabric of social, material, and performance arts. Performers from four artistic traditions came from East Java to the Festival, presenting peasant batik from Tuban on the north coast, which uses hand-woven cotton; masked dance-drama of Madura, based on stories from the Indian epics, Mahabharata and Ramayana; gandrung social dance of Banyuwangi; and the music and dance performance known as reyog from the region of Ponorogo on the western side of the Province.

Richard Kennedy was Curator of the program, with Uaporn Ang Robinson and Sal Murgiyanto as Program Coordinators and Katrinka Ebbe as Assistant Program Coordinator.

Forest, Field and Sea: Folklife in Indonesia was part of the Festival of Indonesia 1990-1991 and was made possible with the support of Yayasan Nusantara Jaya, Garuda Indonesia Airlines, and American President Lines.
Fieldworkers:
Rachel Cooper, Zailani Idris, Dewi Indrawati, Dloyana Kusumah, Sardono W. Kusumo, Halilintar Latief, Deddy Luthan, A.M. Munardi, Philip Yampolsky
Presenters:
Rachel Cooper, Virginia Gorlinsky, Mukhlis, Darmawan M. Rahmar, Pamela Rogers-Aguiniga, Patti Seery, Herwasono Soedjito, S. Suprapto, Philip Yampolsky, Tinuk Yampolsky
Participants:
East Kalimantan

H. Zailani Idris, Regional Coordinator, East Kalimantan, Indonesia

Kenyah

Pangun Jalung, dancer, East Kalimantan, Indonesia

Peding Ajang, dancer, East Kalimantan, Indonesia

Buaq Aring, dancer, East Kalimantan, Indonesia

Ngang Bilung, dancer, East Kalimantan, Indonesia

Peluhat Saring, dancer, East Kalimantan, Indonesia

Pelajam Udou, dancer, East Kalimantan, Indonesia

Lawai Jalung, musician, East Kalimantan, Indonesia

Pelenjau Ala, lamin builder, East Kalimantan, Indonesia

Ajan Ding, lamin builder, East Kalimantan, Indonesia

Dau Kirung, beadworker, East Kalimantan, Indonesia

Alina Ubang, weaver, East Kalimantan, Indonesia

Agang Merang, blacksmith, East Kalimantan, Indonesia

Modang

Lehong Bujai, musician, East Kalimantan, Indonesia

Jiu Ping Lei, musician, East Kalimantan, Indonesia

Djeng Hong, hudok dancer, East Kalimantan, Indonesia

Y. Bayau Lung, hudok dancer, East Kalimantan, Indonesia

Yonas Wang Beng, hudok carver, East Kalimantan, Indonesia

Bit Beng, hudok dancer, East Kalimantan, Indonesia

South Sulawesi

Halilintar Lathief, Regional Coordinator, South Sulawesi, Indonesia

Hamsinah Bado, dancer, South Sulawesi, Indonesia

Hasnah Gassing, dancer, South Sulawesi, Indonesia

Daeng Gassing, musician, dancer, South Sulawesi, Indonesia

Mile Ngalle, musician, dancer, South Sulawesi, Indonesia

Juma, musician, South Sulawesi, Indonesia

Jamaluddin, musician, South Sulawesi, Indonesia

Serang Dakko, musician, South Sulawesi, Indonesia

Ismail Madung, musician, South Sulawesi, Indonesia

H. Damang, boat builder, South Sulawesi, Indonesia

H. Muhammad Tahir, 1943-, boat builder, South Sulawesi, Indonesia

Martawang La Pucu, weaver, South Sulawesi, Indonesia

Roslina Suaib, foodways, South Sulawesi, Indonesia

East Java

A.M. Munardi, Regional Coordinator, East Java, Indonesia

East Java -- , -- Madura

Hosnan P. Atromu, dancer, Madura, East Java, Indonesia

Fauzi, dancer, Madura, East Java, Indonesia

Masruna, dancer, musician, Madura, East Java, Indonesia

Merto, dancer, musician, Madura, East Java, Indonesia

"Supakra" Sudjibta, dancer, mask carver, Madura, East Java, Indonesia

Marzuki, musician, Madura, East Java, Indonesia

A.S. Marzuki, musician, Madura, East Java, Indonesia

Muhni, musician, Madura, East Java, Indonesia

Sahabuddin, musician, Madura, East Java, Indonesia

Sutayyib, musician, Madura, East Java, Indonesia

Sutipno, musician, Madura, East Java, Indonesia

Saleh, musician, Madura, East Java, Indonesia

Sunarwi, musician, Madura, East Java, Indonesia

Suraji, musician, Madura, East Java, Indonesia

Riskijah, foodways, Madura, East Java, Indonesia

Hadiya, traditional medicine, Madura, East Java, Indonesia

East Java -- , -- Banyuwangi

Astani, dancer, Banyuwangi, East Java, Indonesia

Supinah, dancer, Banyuwangi, East Java, Indonesia

Adenan, musician, Banyuwangi, East Java, Indonesia

Praminto Adi, musician, Banyuwangi, East Java, Indonesia

Basuki, musician, Banyuwangi, East Java, Indonesia

Sahuni, musician, Banyuwangi, East Java, Indonesia

Sukidi, musician, Banyuwangi, East Java, Indonesia

Sanali, musician, Banyuwangi, East Java, Indonesia

Sumitro Hadi, musician, Banyuwangi, East Java, Indonesia

East Java -- , -- Ponorogo

Buwono, -- reog -- performer, Ponorogo, East Java, Indonesia

Harjokemun al Moloq, -- reog -- performer, Ponorogo, East Java, Indonesia

Heri Suprayitno, -- reog -- performer, Ponorogo, East Java, Indonesia

Margono, -- reog -- performer, Ponorogo, East Java, Indonesia

Marwan, -- reog -- performer, Ponorogo, East Java, Indonesia

Nardi, -- reog -- performer, Ponorogo, East Java, Indonesia

Saleh, -- reog -- performer, Ponorogo, East Java, Indonesia

Shodiq, -- reog -- performer, Ponorogo, East Java, Indonesia

Subroto, -- reog -- performer, Ponorogo, East Java, Indonesia

Sunardi, -- reog -- performer, Ponorogo, East Java, Indonesia

Suparman, -- reog -- performer, Ponorogo, East Java, Indonesia

Kusnan, 1950-, gamelan maker, Ponorogo, East Java, Indonesia

Misri, gamelan maker, Ponorogo, East Java, Indonesia

East Java -- , -- Tuban

Rukaiyah, batik dyer, Tuban, East Java, Indonesia

Tarsi, batik dyer, Tuban, East Java, Indonesia
Collection Restrictions:
Access by appointment only. Where a listening copy or viewing copy has been created, this is indicated in the respective inventory; additional materials may be accessible with sufficient advance notice and, in some cases, payment of a processing fee. Older papers are housed at a remote location and may require a minimum of three weeks' advance notice and payment of a retrieval fee. Certain formats such as multi-track audio recordings and EIAJ-1 videoreels (1/2 inch) may not be accessible. Contact the Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections at 202-633-7322 or rinzlerarchives@si.edu for additional information.
Collection Rights:
Copyright and other restrictions may apply. Generally, materials created during a Festival are covered by a release signed by each participant permitting their use for personal and educational purposes; materials created as part of the fieldwork leading to a Festival may be more restricted. We permit and encourage such personal and educational use of those materials provided digitally here, without special permissions. Use of any materials for publication, commercial use, or distribution requires a license from the Archives. Licensing fees may apply in addition to any processing fees.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1991 Festival of American Folklife, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
CFCH.SFF.1991, Series 3
See more items in:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1991 Festival of American Folklife
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-sff-1991-ref26

Tintypes of Robert Meldrum and Medicine Tree

Collector:
Allen, J. I., -1929  Search this
Allen, J. I., -1929  Search this
Names:
Medicine Tree  Search this
Meldrum, Robert, 1806-1865  Search this
Extent:
2 Tintypes (prints)
Culture:
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Tintypes (prints)
Date:
1858-1865
Summary:
Tintypes depicting fur trader Robert Meldrum and his wife Medicine Tree [Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke); also known as Margaret].
Scope and Contents:
P08166

This collection contains two circular gem tintypes pasted to a mat board. The tintypes depict Robert Meldrum and his wife Medicine Tree [Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke); also known as Margaret]. The photographs were shot by an unidentified photographer in St. Louis, Missouri, circa 1858-1865.

According to the original inventory, the tintypes were part of a jewelry locket. At some unknown point in time, the tintypes were removed from the locket and pasted to a mat board.
Arrangement:
The tintypes are arranged on a mat board inside an archival phase box.
Biographical / Historical:
Robert Meldrum (1802-1865) was a fur trader and interpreter for the Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke) tribe.

Born in 1802, Meldrum and his family emigrated from Scotland to Canada in 1812 and eventually moved to the United States. By the late 1820s, Meldrum was living in St. Louis, Missouri and working in the Rocky Mountain fur trade industry.

The American Fur Company hired Meldrum in 1833 to act as a liaison between the company and the Crow community in Montana. He was stationed at various American Fur Company trading posts and commercial forts along the Yellowstone and Upper Missouri Rivers including Fort Cass, Fort Alexander, Fort Sharpy, and Fort Sharpy II. At these posts, Northern Plains tribes brought various furs to be traded for guns, ammunition, clothing, beads, and other goods.

Meldrum also learned to speak the Apsáalooke language and served as an interpreter between the tribe and U.S. Government. The tribe conferred Meldrum the status of chief and gave him the name "Round Iron" because of the iron trinkets he gifted. Meldrum reportedly married several Apsáalooke women over the years, including Medicine Tree (Margaret), although very little was written about them.

On July 10, 1865, Meldrum died at the American Fur Company's Fort Union on the Upper Missouri River.
Related Materials:
The Montana Historical Society Photograph Archives also holds a photograph of Robert Meldrum.
Separated Materials:
The National Museum of the American Indian also holds other objects from Jirah Isham Allen's collection (object catalog numbers 147472 to 147486).
Provenance:
Formerly in the collection of Jirah Isham Allen (Colonel Ike Allen, 1839-1929, a Montana prospector, pioneer, and storekeeper) and probably collected by him between 1862 and about 1920; purchased by MAI from Jirah Allen in 1926.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Topic:
Fur trade--Montana  Search this
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Tintypes of Robert Meldrum and Medicine Tree, P08166, NMAI.AC.386; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.386
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-386
Online Media:

New York Academy of Medicine Medal (obverse) [sculpture] / (photographed by Louis H. Dreyer)

Artist:
Frishmuth, Harriet Whitney 1880-1980  Search this
Photographer:
Dreyer, Louis H.  Search this
Subject:
Hippocrates  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Topic:
Allegory--Arts & Sciences--Medicine  Search this
Portrait male--Profile  Search this
Portrait male--Head  Search this
Landscape--Tree  Search this
Image number:
SSC S0001028
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Metropolitan Museum of Art Study Collection of American Sculpture Photographs
Data Source:
Photograph Archives, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_127741
Online Media:

The Flattery Medal (obverse and reverse) [sculpture] / (photographed by De Witt Ward)

Title:
Harvard University's Flattery Health Medal [sculpture] / (photographed by De Witt Ward)
Maurice Douglas Flattery Medal for the Aid of Science and Health [sculpture] / (photographed by De Witt Ward)
Sculptor:
Fry, Sherry Edmundson 1879-1966  Search this
Photographer:
Ward, De Witt d. 1937  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Topic:
Allegory--Arts & Sciences--Science  Search this
Allegory--Arts & Sciences--Medicine  Search this
Figure male--Full length  Search this
Landscape--Tree  Search this
Image number:
SSC S0001030
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Metropolitan Museum of Art Study Collection of American Sculpture Photographs
Data Source:
Photograph Archives, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_127743
Online Media:

Packet Of Medicinal Tree Resin

Donor Name:
Franco B. Melchiorri  Search this
Culture:
Motilone  Search this
Object Type:
Resin
Place:
Venezuela, South America
Accession Date:
19 May 1965
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
248866
USNM Number:
E403485-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3cbcd5464-66a4-424e-a123-bd442e0d0a0e
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8432930

A manual of medicinal trees / G. Prasad, M.V. Reshmi

Title:
Medicinal trees
Author:
Pr̲asād, Ji  Search this
Raśmi, Eṃ. Vi  Search this
Physical description:
132 p., [32] p. of plates : col. ill. ; 22 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
India
Date:
2003
C2003
Topic:
Trees--Therapeutic use  Search this
Medicinal plants  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_713241

A will to survive : indigenous essays on the politics of culture, language, and identity / edited by Stephen Greymorning

Author:
Greymorning, Stephen  Search this
Physical description:
xxii, 224, [7] p. : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
2004
C2004
Topic:
Indigenous peoples--Ethnic identity  Search this
Ethnophilosophy  Search this
Language and culture  Search this
Language revival  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_798238

Science and magic in African technology : traditional iron smelting in Malawi. / Nikolaas J. Van de Merwe and Donald H. Avery

Author:
Van de Merwe, Nikolaas J. 1940-  Search this
Avery, Donald H. 1938-  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI  Search this
Type:
Articles
Place:
Malawi
Date:
1987
Topic:
Chewa iron smelting  Search this
Phoka iron smelting  Search this
Iron smelting  Search this
Smelting--Religious aspects  Search this
Traditional medicine  Search this
Call number:
DT1 .A1A258
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_596565

Structures of reversal in Chipango

Author:
Wastiau, Boris  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI  Search this
Type:
Articles
Place:
Zambia
North-Western Province
Date:
2000
Topic:
Rites and ceremonies  Search this
Luvale (African people)--Medicine  Search this
Fertility cults  Search this
Trees--Symbolic aspects  Search this
Clay figurines  Search this
Call number:
DT3058.L89 W37 2000
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_907555

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