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Ronald J. Leonard Papers

Creator:
Leonard, Ronald J.  Search this
Donor:
Leonard, Leona  Search this
Extent:
5 Cubic feet (12 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Diagrams
Design drawings
Notes
Lecture notes
Reports
Slides (photographs)
Date:
1966-2000
Summary:
The collection documents Ronald J. Leonard's work at Travenol Laboratories and Sarns/3M, developing pumps and oxygenators used in cardiopulmonary bypass surgery.
Scope and Contents:
The collection documents Ronald J. Leonard's work at Travenol Laboratories and Sarns/3M, developing pumps and oxygenators used in cardiopulmonary bypass surgery. The papers include diagrams and design drawings, reports, test data, patent applications, lecture notes, correspondence, photographs, and slides.
Arrangement:
Materials are arranged in chronological order. The collections is arranged into 5 series:

Series 1: Personal Materials, 1966-1996

Series 2: Patent Materials, 1988-2000

Series 3: Project Files, 1969-1998

Series 4: Writings/Lectures/Presentations, 1985-1997

Series 5: Travenol Company Materials, 1967-1995
Biographical / Historical:
Ronald James Leonard was a biomedical engineer and inventor, born on August 17, 1939, in Cuba, New York, a son of Margaret and Roy Leonard. He received a Bachelor of Science degree in Mechanical Engineering from Clarkson College of Technology in Potsdam, New York, in 1961. He continued his education at Northwestern University in 1962, receiving his Master's in Mechanical Engineering. However, the majority of his work experience was centered in the biomedical engineering field.

He worked for the Naval Ordinance Lab in 1961, Allis-Chambers Research Division from 1962 to 1966, Travenol Laboratories from 1967 to 1985, and the Sarns/3M Company from 1985 to 1997. His early work at Allis-Chambers dealt with fuel cell power supplies. When he worked at Travenol Laboratories, a part of Baxter International Inc., and at the Sarns/3M Company, he helped develop and manufacture several medical devices and products for people with specific disorders, diseases, and conditions. He also worked as an adjunct assistant professor for Northwestern Technological Institute. In his retirement years, he did consulting work. He was also a member of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs and the International Society for Artificial Organs (now known as the International Federation for Artificial Organs).

Leonard designed and patented several devices, including blood oxygenators and heat exchangers, as well as the hollow fiber tubing within the oxygenator. He held more than thirty U.S. patents. Much of his work was dedicated to improving and perfecting these devices, which were widely used for bypass surgeries and aided the lives of many Americans. His dedication to his work, constant research, and developments is clear in the many devices, studies, and years of service he provided.

Ronald J. Leonard passed away, January 14, 2007, at INOVA Fairfax Hospital, when he was 67 years old.
Separated Materials:
The Division of Medicine and Science holds artifacts related to this collection (Accession #: 2007.0106.01-13) documenting oxygenators, heat exchangers, an artificial heart valve, and vascular graft.
Provenance:
Donated to the Archives Center in 2007 by Leona Leonard.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Medical innovations  Search this
Medical instruments and apparatus  Search this
Heart -- Surgery  Search this
Cardiology  Search this
Medical Equipment  Search this
Genre/Form:
Diagrams
Design drawings
Notes
Lecture notes
Reports
Slides (photographs)
Citation:
Ronald J. Leonard Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1109
See more items in:
Ronald J. Leonard Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8bdfb4ecf-a6c9-4ac0-bd73-fe33522b4753
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1109

Episode 399

Collection Producer:
Lodge, Arthur  Search this
Arthur Lodge Productions.  Search this
Collection Creator:
National Association of Manufacturers  Search this
Extent:
1 Motion picture film
Container:
Reel AC0507-OF0399
Box 15, Item RV0507.399
Type:
Archival materials
Moving Images
Motion picture films
Date:
1958 June 7
Scope and Contents:
The Tools of Medicine Researching and producing medical equipment, such as operating tables and lights, sterilizers, X-ray machines, surgical instruments, contact lenses, artificial lungs, crutches, respirators, bandages, and even a "radio pill" with a tiny FM transmitter. Filmed at: House of Pilling, Philadelphia, PA; Henniker Crutch Co., Warner, NH; Obrig Laboratories, New York, NY; Chesebrough-Pond's, Inc., McKee's Rock, PA; Hood-Gardner Hotel Supply Co., Charlotte, NC; General Electric X-Ray Department, Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research, New York, NY; Abbott Laboratories, Chicago, IL; American Sterilizer Co., Erie, PA; The Maico Co., Inc., Minneapolis, MN; and J. J. Monaghan Co., Denver, CO.

Reference video, Box 15
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but the films are stored off-site. Special arrangements must be made directly with the Archives Center staff to view episodes for which no reference copy exists. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees will be charged for reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Industry on Parade Film Collection, 1950-1959, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Industry on Parade Film Collection
Industry on Parade Film Collection / Series 1: Motion Picture Films
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep83ea495ba-d6b4-4316-9d98-a343bf0bb472
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0507-ref741

Biosensor, Sternal Harness, Apollo 11

Manufacturer:
Tempil Corporation  Search this
Materials:
Plastic, Rubber, Silver
Dimensions:
52.39 x 15.88 x 1.27cm (1ft 8 5/8in. x 6 1/4in. x 1/2in.) (Approximate)
Type:
PERSONAL EQUIPMENT-Medical
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Transferred from NASA
Inventory Number:
A19791562000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv91a95a7ae-fff4-44b1-b3ee-9a928a5f7a93
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19791562000
Online Media:

Ralph H. Baer Papers

Creator:
Baer, Ralph H., 1922-2014  Search this
Extent:
16 Cubic feet (45 boxes and 1 oversize folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Audiotapes
Audiocassettes
Cd-roms
Diagrams
Drawings
Interviews
Videotapes
Correspondence
Sketches
Photographs
Oral history
Notes
Manuals
Date:
1943 - 2015
Summary:
Ralph H. Baer was a German-born ordnance specialist, inventor, and engineer. He was a pioneer of early videogame technology. The papers include autobiographical materials; firearms notes, manuscripts, and photographs; and videogame and television engineering notes, diagrams, schematics, and video documentation.
Scope and Contents:
The Ralph Baer Papers include autobiographical materials and an extended oral history interview. The Papers also include materials about military small arms created by Baer during his World War II service. The largest portion of the collection documents Baer's work on video games.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into 12 series.

Series 1: Autobiographical Documents, 1962-2006

Subseries 1.1: Manuscript, book and other documents, 1962-2006

Subseries 1.2: Other Media: CDs, VHS videos, periodical, 1991, 2000-2003

Series 2: WW II Small Arms Documents, 1943-1953

Subseries 2.1: Correspondence, 1950-1953

Subseries 2.2: Writings and notes, 1943-1948

Subseries 2.3: Drawings and schematics, undated

Subseries 2.4: Manuals and encyclopedias, 1943

Subseries 2.5: Photographs, 1945

Series 3: Hans Otto Mauksch Materials, 1944-1964

Subseries 3.1: Personal background information, 1944, 1945, 1946, 1964

Subseries 3.2: Instructional materials, 1944-1946, undated

Subseries 3.3: Ft. Riley, Kansas, 1946, 1953

Series 4: TV Game Documents, 1966-1972

Subseries 4.1: Working notes, diagrams and schematics, 1966-1971

Subseries 4.2: Administrative documents, 1966-1972 Subseries 4.3: Notebooks, 1966-1968

Subseries 4.4: TV game development documentation, 1966-1968

Series 5: Sanders Associates, Transitron, and Van Norman Industries, 1952-2003

Series 6: Product Development Documents, 1974-2015

Series 7: Product Guides and Technical Support, 1943-2011

Series 8: Legal and Patent Documents, 1966-2014

Series 9: Writings and Notes, 1946-1999

Series 10: Miscellaneous, 1961-2012

Series 11: Correspondence, 1983-2014

Series 12: Publicity and Awards, 1979-2015
Biographical / Historical:
Ralph H. Baer (1922-2014) was born in Germany and immigrated to the United States with his family in 1938. A graduate of the National Radio Institute (1940), Baer worked as a radio technician in the New York City area, servicing all types of home and auto radios. During World War II, Baer served in the United States Army, one year stateside, and two years in Europe. He was assigned to Military Intelligence and became an expert on military small arms. Baer returned to the United States with eighteen tons of foreign small arms for use in exhibits at Aberdeen, Maryland; Springfield, Massachusetts Armory; and Ft. Riley, Kansas.

After the war, Baer attended the American Television Institute of Technology in Chicago, graduating with a BS in television engineering. In 1949, Baer joined a small electro medical equipment firm, Wappler, Inc., as their chief engineer. He designed and built surgical cutting machines, epilators, and low frequency pulse generating muscle-toning equipment. In 1951, Baer moved to Loral Electronics of Bronx, New York as a senior engineer, designing power line carrier signaling equipment for IBM. During 1952-1956, Baer worked at Transitron, Inc., in New York City as a chief engineer and later as vice president. In 1956, Baer joined Sanders Associates in Nashua, New Hampshire building airborne radar components. He became manager of the Electronic Design Department at Sanders and eventually Division Manager and Chief Engineer for Equipment Design. Baer retired in 1987.

At Sanders in 1966, Baer began an independent project experimenting with ways for consumers to interact with standard home television sets. Development of interactive TV Game (TVG) ideas became a company-supported project continued by Baer and assisted by William H. Harrison and William T. Rusch (download the TV Game chronology prepared by Ralph Baer in 2006). By mid-1967, ping pong videogames were played inside Sanders, patent disclosures were applied for, and hardware was designed. Baer and his associates called the devices they were developing "boxes" and numbered the various versions one through seven. In 1971, Magnavox became Sanders Associates's first videogame licensee. Between 1972 and 1975, Magnavox produced and sold over 700,000 units of Odyssey, a set of games played on its television receivers. Atari became a licensee in 1976 after the first of many lawsuits won by Sanders in pursuit of patent infringements.

During his tenure at Sanders and thereafter, Baer was a prolific inventor. His creations included many electronic toys and games and other consumer electronic products. Among the better known products based on Baer's work are Milton Bradley's Simon, Galoob's Smarty Bear Video, and Kenner's Laser Command. In 2004 President George W. Bush awarded Baer the National Medal of Technology.

Baer married Dena Whinston in 1952 and they had three children, James, Mark, and Nancy. Ralph Baer died on December 6, 2014, at the age of 92.
Related Materials:
Materials at the Archives Center, National Museum of American History

Ralph H. Baer Innovative Lives Presentation, August 15, 2009 (NMAH.AC.1179)

The presentation documents a moderated conversation about Baer's life and work. Baer reenacts, with his partner William Harrison, the first time he played "Odyssey," the first home video game for the consumer market, which he invented, and answers questions from the audience. Materials include original video (born digital), master videos, and reference videos.

Materials at Other Organizations

Brian Sutton-Smith Library and Archives of Play at The Strong

Ralph H. Baer Papers, 1968-2010 inclusive; 1975-1998 bulk

The Ralph H. Baer papers are a compilation of correspondence, game designs, drawings, notes, reference materials, photographs, product descriptions, digital videos, schematics, electronic components, and manuals utilized by Ralph H. Baer throughout his lengthy career in the toy and game industry. The bulk of the materials are from 1975 through 1998.

U.S. Ordnance Museum, Fort Lee, Virginia

Materials consist of data on foreign small arms brought back from Europe in 1946 by Ralph H. Baer.

Museum of the Moving Image, Astoria, New York

Holdings include set of seven recreations of "TV game" prototypes originally created between 1966 and 1969, donated by pioneering game developer Ralph Baer. One of Baer's game prototypes, known as the "Brown Box," was licensed by Magnavox and released in 1972 as the Magnavox Odyssey, the world's first commercial home video game console.

University of Texas, Austin, Briscoe Center for American History

Ralph H. Baer "Brown Box" replica, 1952-1983, 2006-2012

The Ralph H. Baer "Brown Box" replica includes a fully-functional replica of Ralph Baer's "Brown Box," the prototype video game console that was used as the basis of the Magnavox Odyssey in 1972. The collection also contains related research materials.
Separated Materials:
The Division of Medicine and Science holds artifacts related to this collection including early video game prototypes and TV Game products.

TV Game Unit #1 (TVG#1); 1966; vacuum tube spot generator with Heathkit IG-62 Generator (See Accession 2006.0102.01)

Heathkit IG-62; used with TVG #1 (See Accession 2006.0102.02)

TV Game Unit #2 (TVG #2), aka the "Pump Unit," 1967; large aluminum chassis with wooden "pump" handle (See Accession 2006.0102.03)

TV Game Unit #7 (TVG#7), aka "Brown Box," 1967/1968; prototype for Magnavox Odyssey (See Accession 2006.0102.04)

Cardboard program cards for use with Brown Box (See Accession 2006.0102.05)

Lightgun, 1967/1968; game accessory for Brown Box (See Accession 2006.0102.06)

TV Game Unit #8, 1968; "de/dt" (velocity responsive) ballgame chassis for use with Brown Box (See Accession 2006.0102.07)

Magnavox Odyssey (Model ITL200) video game unit, 1972; with all accessories in the original carton (See Accession 2006.0102.08)

Milton-Bradley Company SIMON handheld microprocessor-control game, 1978 (See Accession 2006.0102.09)

Ideal Toy Company MANIAC microprocessor-control game, 1979, in original box with game instructions (See Accession 2006.0102.10)

Golf Game accessory, 1968; golf ball mounted on joystick handle for use with Brown Box (See Accession 2006.0102.11

"Brown Box" programming card, target shooting, 1967 (See Accession 2006.0102.12)
Provenance:
The collection was donated by Ralph H. Baer in 2003.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning intellectual property rights. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions. Copyright held by the Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Books  Search this
Firearms  Search this
Games  Search this
Litigation  Search this
Inventions -- 20th century  Search this
Machine guns  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Weapons  Search this
Video games  Search this
Toys -- 20th century  Search this
Television -- History  Search this
Rifles  Search this
Pistols  Search this
Military intelligence  Search this
Genre/Form:
Audiotapes
Audiocassettes
CD-ROMs
Diagrams
Drawings -- 1940-1950
Interviews -- 2000-2010
Videotapes
Correspondence -- 1950-2000
Sketches
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin -- 1940-1950
Photographs -- 20th century
Oral history -- 2000-2010
Notes
Manuals -- 1940-1950
Citation:
Ralph H. Baer Papers, 1943-2015, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0854
See more items in:
Ralph H. Baer Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep82f137fe4-60d3-4527-aa78-fed55d4b4fef
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0854
Online Media:

Economy

Artist:
Jack Davis, 2 Dec 1924 - 27 Jul 2016  Search this
Medium:
Watercolor and cut paper on board
Dimensions:
Sight: 43.2 x 30.5cm (17 x 12")
Type:
Painting
Date:
1974
Topic:
Equipment\Medical Equipment\Thermometer  Search this
Equipment\Medical Equipment\Ice bag  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Time magazine
Object number:
NPG.78.TC137
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© Jack Davis
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4d9e6c539-646a-4b36-8bea-9cd2a214a449
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.78.TC137

Proceedings of hearing to revise part 18 governing industrial, scientific, and medical equipment

Collection Creator:
Stone, William R., 1920-2006  Search this
Raytheon Company  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 20
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1984 December 18
Collection Restrictions:
Collection open for research on site by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
William R. Stone Microwave Oven Papers, 1967-1989, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
William R. Stone Microwave Oven Papers
William R. Stone Microwave Oven Papers / Series 2: Federal Communications Commission (FCC)
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8293e2977-e951-4983-b33d-a987183e9b6f
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1320-ref535

James A. E. Halkett Papers and Sigmund A. Wesolowski, M.D. Papers

Creator:
Halkett, James A. E. (physicist)  Search this
Wesolowski, Sigmund A.  Search this
Names:
Massachusetts Institute of Technology  Search this
Former owner:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Medical Sciences  Search this
Extent:
11 Cubic feet (29 boxes, 1 map folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Diaries
Manuscripts
Laboratory notebooks
Lecture notes
Masters theses
Reprints
Theses
Date:
1922-2010
Scope and Contents note:
Halkett and Wesolow(ski) materials show the process of technological innovation through laboratory protocols. They also demonstrate the various alternatives explored in the search for effective artificial circulation by using materials which would not damage or clot blood and that could be sterilized. The evolution of the pumping mechanism and power source, the design and materials of the pump itself, and a series of catheters (cannulae) or varying shapes and materials are described as a workable solution is found. Secondly, diversity of techniques developed to solve the problems of artificial circulation and their contributions to that work are documented.

The 2018 addenda documents the life and career of physicist James A.E. Halkett. It includes papers relating to his education, his U.S. Navy service, his work with various employers, and his research in various fields including radio, metallurgy, ordnance, and radioactivity. Some of the papers relate to his work with General Electric in developing the proximity fuse. The papers include correspondence and notes, including lab notes, graphs and charts; reports; drawings; photographs; training and operational manuals; bibliographic card files; journals, conference materials and other publications; and miscellany.
Arrangement:
The collection is organized into three series with subseries.

Series 1: James A. E. Halkett Papers, 1922-2010

Subseries 1.1: Personal, 1938-1966

Subseries 1.1.1: Wooster College, 1938-1942

Subseries 1.1.2: Henry Ford Trade School, 1941

Subseries 1.1.3: Non-Degree Granting Courses, 1943-1944

Subseries 1.1.4: Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1940-1966

Subseries 1.1.5: Tufts University, 1948-1949

Subseries 1.1.6: Johns Hopkins University, 1949-1954

Subseries 1.1.7: Boston University (PhD Candidate), 1960-1964

Subseries 1.2: Career, 1922-2010

Subseries 1.2.1: A.S. Campbell, 1942

Subseries 1.2.2: General Electric, 1944

Subseries 1.2.3: U.S. Navy, 1940-1946

Subseries 1.2.4: Boston Veterans Administration Hospital, 1940-1973

Subseries 1.2.5: Boston University (Lecturer), 1957-1961

Subseries 1.2.6: Professional Associations, 1950-1974

Subseries 1.2.7: Reprints and Reprint Requests, 1922-2010

Subseries 1.3: Index Cards, circa 1930s-1950s

Subseries 1.4: Lantern Slides, circa 1940s-1960s

Subseries 1.4.1: Mechanical Cardiac Pump, 1949-1950

Subseries 1.4.2: Leukemia in Mice, circa 1960s

Subseries 1.4.3: Experiments, circa 1950s

Subseries 1.4.4: Civil Defense and Medical and Health Services, circa 1950s

Subseries 1.4.5: Effects of the Atomic Bomb, circa 1945

Series 2: H.J. Sugarman Papers, 1950-1951

Series 3: Sigmund A. Wesolowski (Adam Wesolow) Papers, 1951
Biographical/Historical note:
James Alexander Elder Halkett was born in 1920 in Scotland to inventor James Nicol Halkett, and Edith Victoria Elder. At age three, Halkett immigrated to the United States with his family. He attended Wooster College from 1938-1942 and graduated as the first student at the university to triple major in math, chemistry, and physics. Upon graduating from Wooster College, Halkett worked for the companies A.S. Campbell and General Electric before becoming a U.S. citizen in 1944 and immediately joining the U.S. Navy. During his time in the Navy, Halkett completed the intensive Electronics Training Program and attended the Pre-Radio School, Bliss Electrical School, and the Radio Materiel School. Halkett was stationed in Panama and served as a radio technician until 1946.

After discharge from the Navy in 1946, Halkett attended Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) from 1946-1948 and earned his master's degree with his thesis titled "An Artificial Heart." At MIT he began to develop the early extracorporeal mechanical heart alongside his colleague Bill Sewell, which in 1948 became the first mechanical heart to successfully bypass the left side of a cat's heart. This work was continued at Tufts University from 1949-1950 alongside Dr. Sigmund A. Wesolowski, M.D. (now named Adam Wesolow), with the pair further modifying the cardiac pump which resulted in the long-term survival of animals after bypass surgery. Neither Halkett nor Wesolowski went on to develop this technology for trials with human subjects.

Halkett completed a predoctoral fellowship at Johns Hopkins University from 1950-1952, where he expanded his interest in tissue culture and biophysics. Following his time at Johns Hopkins, he served as a Senior Biologist in the field of Radioisotopes at the Boston Veterans Administration Hospital until 1974. At the hospital, he conducted research on radiology, leukemia, and nuclear medicine. He also served as the hospital's Chief of Research in Animal Medicine, Science, and Technology (RILAMSAT) from 1968 to 1972. While working at the Boston Veterans Administration Hospital, Halkett earned his Doctor of Philosophy from Boston University in 1964, where he was also a lecturer. Halkett died in 2015 at the age of 94.

Sigmund Adam Weslowski (1921-1993) was born in Massachusetts and attended Harvard University before servng as a midshipman in the Naval Reserve during World War II and later as a captain during the Korean War in the Army Medical Corps. He received a medical degree from Tufts College of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts and spent one year at Guy's Hospital in London under Lord Russell-Brock where he specialized in thoracic surgery. Wesolowski was Professor of Surgery at the State University of New York Downstate Medical Center in Brooklyn. In the 1980s' he was chief thoracic surgeon at the Veterans Administration Medical Center in Togus, Maine. Wesolowski helped devise a heart pump in the early days of open-heart surgery at Tufts University from 1949-1950 alongside Dr. James A.E. Halkett. The pair further modified the cardiac pump which resulted in the long-term survival of animals after bypass surgery.
Related Materials:
Objects related to this collection (See accession 1985.0101.01–1985.0101.67) are located in the Division of Medicine and Science at the National Museum of American History. The objects relate to Halkett and Wesolow's early mechanical heart, and include valves, valve holders, valve chambers, pumps, pump parts,tubing, stroke chamber stoppers, reservoirs, cannulae, and cam systems.
Provenance:
Collection donated by James A. E. Halkett and Adam Wesolow (Sigmund A. Wesolowski), May 6, 1985.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Occupation:
Surgeons  Search this
Topic:
Atomic bomb  Search this
Biophysics  Search this
Cancer  Search this
Civil defense  Search this
Experiments  Search this
Heart, Artificial  Search this
Heart pump  Search this
Heart -- Surgery  Search this
Leukemia in animals  Search this
Medical Equipment  Search this
Medical radiology  Search this
Medical sciences  Search this
Patents  Search this
Radioactivity  Search this
Radiation  Search this
Radiology  Search this
United States. Navy  Search this
Genre/Form:
Diaries -- 20th century
Manuscripts
Laboratory notebooks
Lecture notes
Masters theses
Reprints
Theses
Citation:
James A. E. Halkett and Sigmund A. Wesolowski, M.D. Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0220
See more items in:
James A. E. Halkett Papers and Sigmund A. Wesolowski, M.D. Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8e06d38ad-f900-477d-b16d-136628aec5f8
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0220
Online Media:

Ultrasoniseur

Physical Description:
metal (overall material)
Object Name:
Electrotherapeutic Device
Associated Place:
United States: Missouri, St. Louis
ID Number:
MG.274347.040
Accession number:
274347
Catalog number:
M-12048
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ab-a9e0-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1285234

Gordon Stifler Seagrave

Artist:
Robert Handville, 1924 - 1993  Search this
Sitter:
Gordon Stifler Seagrave, 18 Mar 1897 - 28 Mar 1965  Search this
Medium:
Gouache and colored pencil on board
Dimensions:
Image: 45cm x 64cm (17 11/16" x 25 3/16"), Accurate
Board: 56.5cm x 67.3cm x .5cm (22 1/4" x 26 1/2" x 3/16"), Accurate
Type:
Drawing
Date:
1968
Topic:
Exterior  Search this
Nature & Environment\Plant\Tree  Search this
Costume\Headgear\Hat\Straw hat  Search this
Equipment\Sign  Search this
Costume\Headgear\Hat\Cap\Nurse's cap  Search this
Equipment\Medical Equipment\Surgical gown  Search this
Gordon Stifler Seagrave: Male  Search this
Gordon Stifler Seagrave: Literature\Writer  Search this
Gordon Stifler Seagrave: Medicine and Health\Physician  Search this
Gordon Stifler Seagrave: Religion and Spirituality\Missionary  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.93.282
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm417f2380e-1b89-446a-9d7e-d2b96caad4fd
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.93.282

Newt Gingrich

Artist:
Christopher Fox Payne, born 1954  Search this
Sitter:
Newt Gingrich, born 17 Jun 1943  Search this
Medium:
Watercolor, acrylic and ink on board
Dimensions:
37.1cm x 28.5cm (14 5/8" x 11 1/4")
Type:
Painting
Date:
1994
Topic:
Exterior  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Glove\Gloves  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses\Pince-nez  Search this
Costume\Headgear\Hat\Top hat  Search this
Caricature  Search this
Architecture\Building\Capitol\US Capitol  Search this
Symbols & Motifs\Star  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Neckwear\Tie\Bowtie  Search this
Equipment\Medical Equipment\Crutch  Search this
Symbols & Motifs\Symbolic Figure\Uncle Sam  Search this
Newt Gingrich: Male  Search this
Newt Gingrich: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Speaker of the House  Search this
Newt Gingrich: Education and Scholarship\Educator\Professor\College  Search this
Newt Gingrich: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Georgia  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Time magazine
Object number:
NPG.97.TC10
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© Christopher Fox Payne
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm419df7433-c35e-4293-8653-4de075a80c7b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.97.TC10

Delegate

Published by:
MelPat Associates, American, 1965 - 1986  Search this
Created by:
C. Melvin Patrick, American, died 1985  Search this
Amos T. Hall, American, 1896 - 1971  Search this
Subject of:
New York Giants, American, founded 1925  Search this
National Pan-Hellenic Council, American, founded 1930  Search this
Prince Hall Freemasonry, founded 1784  Search this
Dr. Ralph Bunche, American, 1903 - 1971  Search this
Southern Christian Leadership Conference, American, founded 1957  Search this
National Newspaper Publishers Association, American, founded 1827  Search this
Adam Clayton Powell Jr., American, 1908 - 1972  Search this
National Black Political Convention, 1971 - 1972  Search this
Logan H. Westbrook, American  Search this
Roy Wilkins, American, 1901 - 1981  Search this
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, American, founded 1909  Search this
Lambda Kappa Mu Sorority, Inc., American, founded 1937  Search this
Tufts University, American, founded 1852  Search this
Democratic Party, American, founded 1828  Search this
National Insurance Association, American, founded 1921  Search this
National Urban League, American, founded 1910  Search this
National Council of Negro Women, founded 1935  Search this
Republican Party, American, founded 1854  Search this
American Bridge Association, American, founded 1932  Search this
Zeta Phi Beta Sorority, American, founded 1920  Search this
Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity, American, founded 1914  Search this
The Drifters, Inc., American, founded 1957  Search this
National Association of Negro Business and Professional Women's Clubs, Inc., American, founded 1935  Search this
Sigma Gamma Rho Sorority, Inc., founded 1922  Search this
Patti Austin, American, born 1950  Search this
National Funeral Directors and Morticians Association, Inc., American, founded 1924  Search this
National Dental Association, American, founded 1913  Search this
George Leslie Brown, American, 1926 - 2006  Search this
Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Incorporated, founded 1908  Search this
Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc., American, founded 1906  Search this
Otha N. Brown Jr., American, 1931 - 2009  Search this
Shriners International, American, founded 1870  Search this
Gladys W. Dixon, American, born 1901  Search this
Daughters of Isis, American, founded 1910  Search this
National Medical Association, American, founded 1895  Search this
National United Church Ushers Association of America, Inc., American, founded 1919  Search this
Shirley Anita Chisholm, American, 1924 - 2005  Search this
National Alliance of Postal and Federal Employees, American, founded 1913  Search this
369th Veterans Association, American  Search this
Improved Benevolent and Protective Order of the Elks of the World, American, founded 1898  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 11 × 8 7/16 × 3/8 in. (28 × 21.5 × 0.9 cm)
Type:
magazines (periodicals)
Place made:
Harlem, New York City, New York, United States, North and Central America
Place depicted:
Miami, Dade County, Florida, United States, North and Central America
Detroit, Wayne County, Michigan, United States, North and Central America
California, United States, North and Central America
Colorado, United States, North and Central America
Connecticut, United States, North and Central America
Saint Louis, Missouri, United States, North and Central America
Atlanta, Fulton County, Georgia, United States, North and Central America
Martha's Vineyard, Oak Bluffs, Dukes County, Massachusetts, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1972
Topic:
African American  Search this
Advertising  Search this
Associations and institutions  Search this
Black Press  Search this
Business  Search this
Communities  Search this
Fraternal organizations  Search this
Fraternities  Search this
Funeral customs and rites  Search this
Government  Search this
HBCUs (Historically Black Colleges and Universities)  Search this
Journalism  Search this
Labor  Search this
Mass media  Search this
Men  Search this
Political organizations  Search this
Politics  Search this
Professional organizations  Search this
Religion  Search this
Sororities  Search this
U.S. History, 1969-2001  Search this
Urban life  Search this
Women  Search this
Women's organizations  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Anne B. Patrick and the family of Hilda E. Stokely
Object number:
2012.167.6
Restrictions & Rights:
Public domain
Proper usage is the responsibility of the user.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials-Published Works
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd57be2842a-c611-469d-b78d-3ea1f77c7055
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2012.167.6
1 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View <I>Delegate</I> digital asset number 1

Kit, First Aid, Mercury, Glenn, Friendship 7

Astronaut:
John H. Glenn, Jr.  Search this
Manufacturer:
Unknown  Search this
Materials:
Case: Aluminized nylon, polyester
Scissors: Chromed steel
Cords: Plastic-coated copper
Dimensions:
Overall: 9 1/2in. x 2 1/4in. x 1in. (24.1 x 5.7 x 2.5cm)
3-D (Scissors): 21.5 × 8.5 × 1cm (8 7/16 × 3 3/8 × 3/8 in.)
3-D (Kit): 24.5 × 6.5 × 3cm (9 5/8 × 2 9/16 × 1 3/16 in.)
Type:
PERSONAL EQUIPMENT-Medical
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Transferred from NASA
Inventory Number:
A19670190000
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv94ee077db-62b7-40e4-be57-a6cb71bb87f1
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19670190000
Online Media:

Bicycle Ergometer, Skylab

Manufacturer:
NASA Marshall Space Flight Center  Search this
Teledyne Systems Co.  Search this
Materials:
aluminum, steel, plastic, rubber, vinyl
Dimensions:
3-D: 116.8 x 63.5 x 114.3cm (46 x 25 x 45 in.)
Type:
EQUIPMENT-Medical
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Transferred from NASA Johnson Space Center
Inventory Number:
A19761669000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv961052b1b-25f6-4d7e-9009-7a8350529980
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19761669000
Online Media:

U.S. Medicine: Plight of the Patient

Artist:
Ronald William Fordham Searle, 3 Mar 1920 - 30 Dec 2011  Search this
Medium:
Black and colored inks and wash on paperboard
Dimensions:
Board: 50.1 × 37.1cm (19 3/4 × 14 5/8")
Type:
Painting
Date:
1969
Topic:
Nature & Environment\Plant  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Bed  Search this
Home Furnishings\Pillow  Search this
Interior\Hospital room  Search this
Printed Material\Chart  Search this
Equipment\Medical Equipment\Syringe  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Time magazine
Object number:
NPG.78.TC100
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© Ronald Searle
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm459eaa77f-d040-4765-b63c-f19c940cfdde
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.78.TC100

U.S. Medicine: Plight of the Patient

Artist:
Ronald William Fordham Searle, 3 Mar 1920 - 30 Dec 2011  Search this
Medium:
Watercolor and ink on paper
Dimensions:
28.5cm x 21.3cm (11 1/4" x 8 3/8"), Accurate
Type:
Painting
Date:
1969
Topic:
Nature & Environment\Plant  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Bed  Search this
Home Furnishings\Pillow  Search this
Interior\Hospital room  Search this
Printed Material\Chart  Search this
Equipment\Medical Equipment\Syringe  Search this
Preparatory sketch  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Time magazine
Object number:
NPG.78.TC102
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© Ronald Searle
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4a960d685-e14f-4a3f-83b3-9e4750893c39
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.78.TC102

Doctoring the Economy

Artist:
Mort Drucker, 22 Mar 1929 - 9 Apr 2020  Search this
Sitter:
Carl Bert Albert, 10 May 1908 - 4 Feb 2000  Search this
Gerald Rudolph Ford, Jr., 14 Jul 1913 - 26 Dec 2006  Search this
Medium:
Ink, opaque watercolor, pastel and graphite pencil on paper
Dimensions:
Image: 45.1 x 35.6cm (17 3/4 x 14")
Mat: 71.1 x 55.9cm (28 x 22")
Type:
Painting
Date:
1975
Topic:
Caricature  Search this
Container\Bottle  Search this
Home Furnishings\Flatware\Knife  Search this
Interior\Hospital room  Search this
Equipment\Medical Equipment\Syringe  Search this
Equipment\Medical Equipment\Surgical gown  Search this
Costume\Headgear\Hat\Cap\Surgeon's cap  Search this
Gerald Rudolph Ford, Jr.: Male  Search this
Gerald Rudolph Ford, Jr.: Law and Crime\Lawyer  Search this
Gerald Rudolph Ford, Jr.: Politics and Government\Vice-President of US  Search this
Gerald Rudolph Ford, Jr.: Military and Intelligence\Navy\Officer  Search this
Gerald Rudolph Ford, Jr.: Education and Scholarship\Educator\Teacher  Search this
Gerald Rudolph Ford, Jr.: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Gerald Rudolph Ford, Jr.: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Michigan  Search this
Gerald Rudolph Ford, Jr.: Presidential Medal of Freedom  Search this
Gerald Rudolph Ford, Jr.: Congressional Gold Medal  Search this
Carl Bert Albert: Male  Search this
Carl Bert Albert: Law and Crime\Lawyer  Search this
Carl Bert Albert: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Speaker of the House  Search this
Carl Bert Albert: Military and Intelligence\Air Force\Officer  Search this
Carl Bert Albert: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Oklahoma  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Time magazine
Object number:
NPG.78.TC44
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© Mort Drucker
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm48eeb9cf6-bcdb-4962-a2c8-b9f36a8116d4
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.78.TC44

Francis D. Moore

Artist:
Robert Vickrey, 26 Aug 1926 - 17 Apr 2011  Search this
Sitter:
Francis D. Moore, 1913 - 24 Nov 2001  Search this
Medium:
Ink and tempera on board
Dimensions:
51.4cm x 38.1cm (20 1/4" x 15"), Accurate
Type:
Painting
Date:
1963
Topic:
Costume\Headgear\Hat\Cap\Surgeon's cap  Search this
Equipment\Medical Equipment\Surgical instruments  Search this
Francis D. Moore: Male  Search this
Francis D. Moore: Medicine and Health\Physician  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Time magazine
Object number:
NPG.78.TC597
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© Robert Vickrey / Licensed by VAGA at Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4bd8f382b-9db4-4774-be8b-6018e56f906b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.78.TC597

Global War on Heroin

Artist:
Wilson McLean, born 1937  Search this
Medium:
Acrylic on canvas
Dimensions:
45.7cm x 35.6cm (18" x 14"), Accurate
Type:
Painting
Date:
1972
Topic:
Nature & Environment\Bone\Skull  Search this
Equipment\Medical Equipment\Syringe  Search this
Nature & Environment\Planet\Earth  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Time magazine
Object number:
NPG.78.TC63
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4c1318fb9-b52d-4db2-a8c9-df54fd447021
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.78.TC63

Elder Statesman

Artist:
George Tames, 1919 - 1994  Search this
Sitter:
Bernard Mannes Baruch, 19 Aug 1870 - 20 Jun 1965  Search this
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
Image: 34.1cm x 26.7cm (13 7/16" x 10 1/2")
Sheet: 51cm x 40.5cm (20 1/16" x 15 15/16")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1953
Topic:
Interior\Office  Search this
Architecture\Window  Search this
Equipment\Medical Equipment\Hearing aid  Search this
Bernard Mannes Baruch: Male  Search this
Bernard Mannes Baruch: Literature\Writer  Search this
Bernard Mannes Baruch: Business and Finance\Financier  Search this
Bernard Mannes Baruch: Politics and Government\Government official\Presidential Advisor  Search this
Bernard Mannes Baruch: Society and Social Change\Philanthropist  Search this
Bernard Mannes Baruch: Business and Finance\Economist  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Frances O. Tames
Object number:
NPG.94.208
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© George Tames/The New York Times/Redux
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm410cb1dd5-f9c6-4855-b380-53a55fddcc25
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.94.208

Made Harmless at Last

Alternate Title:
Theodore Roosevelt and Grover Cleveland
Artist:
Frederich Graetz, c. 1840 - c. 1913  Search this
Sitter:
Theodore Roosevelt, 27 Oct 1858 - 6 Jan 1919  Search this
Stephen Grover Cleveland, 18 Mar 1837 - 24 Jun 1908  Search this
Medium:
Chromolithograph on paper
Dimensions:
Image: 30.5cm x 21.6cm (12" x 8 1/2")
Sheet: 33.7cm x 25.8cm (13 1/4" x 10 3/16")
Type:
Print
Date:
1884
Topic:
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Seating\Chair  Search this
Printed Material\Book  Search this
Printed Material\Document  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Table  Search this
Interior\Office  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Bookcase  Search this
Tool\Scissors  Search this
Nature & Environment\Animal\Cat\Tiger  Search this
Personal Attribute\Teeth  Search this
Equipment\Medical Equipment\Dental instrument  Search this
Cartoon  Search this
Cartoon\Political  Search this
Stephen Grover Cleveland: Male  Search this
Stephen Grover Cleveland: Law and Crime\Lawyer  Search this
Stephen Grover Cleveland: Politics and Government\Governor\New York  Search this
Stephen Grover Cleveland: Law and Crime\Police\Sheriff  Search this
Stephen Grover Cleveland: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Stephen Grover Cleveland: Education and Scholarship\Administrator\University administrator\University trustee  Search this
Stephen Grover Cleveland: Politics and Government\Public official\Mayor\Buffalo, NY  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Male  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Politics and Government\State Legislator\New York  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Literature\Writer  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Politics and Government\Vice-President of US  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Military and Intelligence\Army\Officer\Colonel  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Natural Resource Occupations\Explorer  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Politics and Government\Governor\New York  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Education and Scholarship\Scholar\Historian  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Environmentalist  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Natural Resource Occupations\Agriculturist\Rancher  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Nobel Prize  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.96.116
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm49cc9551b-efbe-4d5c-a8b5-46ec907cfed2
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.96.116

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