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A. Scott Crossfield Papers

Creator:
Crossfield, A. Scott (Albert Scott), 1921-  Search this
Names:
Eastern Air Lines  Search this
National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA)  Search this
North American Aviation, Inc.  Search this
Extent:
20.23 Cubic feet (42 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Audiotapes
Correspondence
Manuscripts
Date:
1940 - 2004
Summary:
This collection consists of over nine cubic feet of material documenting Scott Crossfield's aviation career, with emphasis on his involvement with the North American X-15. The following types of material are included: correspondence; reel to reel tapes; papers, manuscripts; newspaper and magazine clippings; aviation manuals; photographs; film; and Crossfield's notes and reports.
Scope and Content note:
This collection encompasses the entirety of Albert Scott "Scotty" Crossfield, Jr.'s career as an engineer, test pilot, airline executive, and speaker and advocate for aerospace education. Records in the collection date from Crossfield's time at college in the 1940s through his death in 2006. Crossfield's papers were donated to the National Air and Space Museum (NASM) Archives by the Crossfield family in 2006 and a second batch of material was received in 2008. The collection was received without any apparent organizational scheme, but some items were received in labeled folders and these folder titles were retained when the collection was processed. One group of material was loaned by the family for copying and these items were photocopied and placed within the appropriate folder in the case of documents, or were scanned and entered into the National Air and Space Museum (NASM) Archives image database in the case of photographs.

After his retirement from North American Aviation, Inc., Crossfield gave his papers to a former secretary, Marion Brown, so that she could organize them for his use in future writing projects. In February 1973, a U.S. Navy Vought A-7E Corsair II crashed into the apartment building where Brown lived and all of Crossfield's papers in her possession were destroyed. Due to this incident, the collection has more material from Crossfield's time with Eastern Air Lines and onwards, although the prior years are still well represented through records that were either retained in Crossfield's possession or copies that were gathered after the fact. There is correspondence from Crossfield relating to the crash in Box 11 of the collection.

The archival materials in this collection are organized into four series. The first series is composed of personal materials and includes school records, correspondence, personal photographs, records relating to various organizations in which Crossfield was active, information relating to the publication of Crossfield's autobiography, Always Another Dawn, other writings by Crossfield, financial records, subject files assembled by Crossfield, philatelic materials (Crossfield was an active collector and was a founding member and officer of The Aviation Historical Foundation, a philatelic organization), and news clippings. The material in this series is largely organized chronologically. Personal photographs and subject files are organized by topic first and chronologically within each folder and organizations are arranged alphabetically by name first and also chronologically within the individual folders.

The second series contains items relating to Crossfield's professional life, organized chronologically by place of employment. This series includes materials relating to Crossfield's work at Boeing, the U.S. Navy, the Kirsten Wind Tunnel at the University of Washington Aeronautical Laboratory, the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA), North American Aviation, Inc., Eastern Air Lines, Hawker Siddeley Aviation, Crossfield's work as an Independent Technical Advisor, Crossfield's application for the position of Director of the National Air and Space Museum, Crossfield's time as a member of the United States Organizing Committee, and his work with organizations such as the Scott Crossfield Foundation and The Wright Experience. During the later part of his life, Crossfield toured the country extensively giving speeches, presenting awards, etc. and there is a large amount of material relating to these appearances in this part of the collection. These materials arrived already organized chronologically by individual trip and this organizational scheme was retained. Specifically, the professional life series includes flight reports, manuals, drawings, business correspondence, administrative records, presentations and papers, travel itineraries, notebooks, calendars, speeches delivered by Crossfield, and career related photographs (which are broken out as their own subseries). The professional life series also includes a section of miscellaneous professional items including job seeking correspondence, information on the patent for a power wheel braking or driving unit designed by Crossfield, and a folder of Crossfield's résumés.

The third series consists of audiotapes and is organized first by tape format and then chronologically within each category. Subjects of the audiotapes include speeches, a large number of North American X-15 cockpit recordings and radio communications, tape produced for a television program, and autobiographical notes. A number of the audiotapes include no description. With a total of 65 examples in this series, the most common audiotape format in the collection is, by far, 7 inch reel to reel tapes. Other formats in this series include 5 inch reel to reel tapes, 3.125 by 3.5 inch metal audiotape cartridges, and Dictaphone recording belts. Please note that these audio recordings are unavailable to the researcher at the time of processing due to the format and fragility of the tapes.

The fourth series of this collection is comprised of oversized materials and additional materials including galley proofs, news clippings, drawings, charts, professional records, and photographs. The organization of this series mirrors the folder titles found in the rest of the collection.

The researcher should note that the collection also contains several motion picture films relating to the life and career of Albert Scott "Scotty" Crossfield, Jr. These films are not included in the container list but a NASM Archives staff person can assist you regarding access.
Arrangement:
The A. Scott Crossfield Papers are organized into the following series and subseries:

Series I: Personal Materials

1.1 School Records

1.2 Correspondence

1.3 Personal Photographs

1.4 Organizations

1.5 Information Related to the Publication of Always Another Dawn

1.6 Other Writings by Crossfield

1.7 Financial Records

1.8 Subject Files

1.9 Philatelic Materials

1.10 News Clippings

1.11 Miscellaneous Personal Records

Series II: Professional Life

2.1 Boeing

2.2 U.S. Navy

2.3 Kirsten Wind Tunnel, University of Washington Aeronautical Laboratory

2.4 National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA)

2.5 North American Aviation, Inc.

2.6 Eastern Air Lines

2.7 Hawker Siddeley Aviation

2.8 Independent Technical Advisor

2.9 Application for NASM Director Position

2.10 United States Organizing Committee

2.11 Scott Crossfield Foundation

2.12 The Wright Experience

2.13 Speaking Engagements and Professional Appearances

2.14 Career Related Photographs

2.14 Miscellaneous Professional Records

Series III: Audiotapes

Series IV: Oversized Materials
Biographical/Historical note:
Albert Scott "Scotty" Crossfield, Jr. was born on October 2, 1921, in California. As a young boy, Crossfield was often confined indoors due to health problems related to pneumonia and rheumatic fever. During this time, he dreamed of becoming a pilot and designed and constructed model airplanes. Crossfield took his first airplane ride in 1927, at six years old, in an Alexander Eaglerock A-1 piloted by family friend Charles "Carl" Lienesch. Lienesch also encouraged Crossfield to become an engineer as well as a pilot. Unbeknownst to Crossfield's parents, he began taking flying lessons at the age of 12 at Wilmington Airport under the tutelage of pilot Vaughn McNulty. The family later moved to Washington State and it was there, at the Chehalis Airport, that Crossfield made his first solo flight in a Curtiss Robin. It was not until the summer of 1941, however, that Crossfield officially soloed and earned his pilot's license under the Civil Aeronautics Authority (CAA), Civilian Pilot Training Program (CPTP).

Crossfield enrolled in the University of Washington in 1940 and worked at the Boeing plant in Seattle, beginning in the fall of 1941, while still pursuing his studies. Crossfield's first assignment at Boeing was as an assembly page clerk. He was later promoted to the position of production expediter and shop salvage engineer. After the bombing of Pearl Harbor in December 1941, Crossfield enlisted in the U.S. Army Air Corps and continued to work at Boeing while he waited for an opening in a cadet class. In February 1942, tired of waiting on the Air Corps and eager to get into combat, Crossfield enlisted in the U.S. Navy instead where he joined the cadet class of May 7, 1942. Crossfield first trained in Seattle, Washington, and later was sent to the Naval Air Training Center in Corpus Christi, Texas, where he earned his Naval Aviator's wings in 1942. During his time in the Navy, Crossfield never fulfilled his ambition to see combat because he was selected instead to remain at Corpus Christi as a flight and gunnery instructor. Crossfield eventually was sent to Hawaii to prepare and train for an invasion of Japan but the war ended before this became necessary. During his time in the U.S. Navy, Crossfield flew the Grumman F6F Hellcat, Vought F4U Corsair, and the North American SNJ Texan, among other aircraft. After he separated from active duty with the Service, Crossfield remained active in the Naval Reserves and was part of an aerobatic team at Sand Point Naval Air Station that flew Goodyear FG-1D Corsairs.

Crossfield returned to his studies at the University of Washington in 1946 and was employed doing tests at the Kirsten Wind Tunnel at the University's Aeronautical Laboratory. Crossfield earned his Bachelor of Science degree in aeronautical engineering in 1949 and his master's degree in aeronautical science in 1950. After obtaining his degrees, Crossfield joined the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) as a research pilot. During his time with NACA, Crossfield flew many aircraft including the Convair XF-92A, Bell X-1, Northrop X-4 Bantam, Douglas D-558-1 Skystreak, Bell X-5, Republic F-84F Thunderstreak, Convair F-102 Delta Dagger, North American F-86 Sabre, and the North American F-100A Super Sabre. Crossfield made history in the Douglas D-558-2 Skyrocket on November 20, 1953, as the first pilot to exceed Mach 2 (twice the speed of sound).

In 1955, Crossfield left NACA and joined North American Aviation, Inc. to work on the X-15 program where he would not only serve as the X-15 Project Pilot but also as a Design Specialist, a role in which he was an integral part of the design of both the aircraft and the pressure suit developed by the David Clark Company for the X-15 program. The suit served as a prototype for the spacesuits later worn by astronauts. Crossfield helped to develop the X-15's cockpit, control, and engine systems; structural design; propulsion system; engineered its escape system; and contributed to its handling quality requirements. He also developed the ground control test methodology that would later become standard on the Mercury, Gemini, and Apollo space programs. Crossfield piloted the North American X-15 on its first captive flight in March 1959, first glide flight in June 1959, and the first powered flight in September 1959, as well as numerous other test flights, before the X-15 was delivered to the U.S. Air Force (USAF) and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) in February 1960. Crossfield also served as Chief Engineering Test Pilot at North American from 1955-1961 before moving to the Space and Information Systems Division first as the Director of Systems Test (1961) then as the Division Director of Test and Quality Assurance (1961-1966) where he was responsible for quality control in all North American projects including the Hounddog Missile (AGM-28, GAM-77), Paragliders for the Gemini program, Apollo Command and Service Module, and the Saturn V launch vehicles, second stage. Crossfield's final position with North American was as the Technical Director, Research, Engineering and Test from 1966-1967.

Crossfield joined Eastern Air Lines in Miami, Florida, as Division Vice President, Flight, Research, and Development, Flight Operations in 1967, a position he held until 1971 when he moved to Washington, DC, to serve as Staff Vice President, Transportation Systems Development (1971-1973). From 1974 to 1975, Crossfield served as Senior Vice President at Hawker Siddeley Aviation's U.S. subsidiary branch, an office he helped to establish. After leaving Hawker Siddeley, Crossfield served for many years as an independent technical advisor to the U.S. Congress. Crossfield also served on the United States Organizing Committee to plan the Air and Space Bicentennial. In the later part of his life, Crossfield traveled extensively to give talks, attend events, and make various professional appearances and it was on a return flight home from one such trip in 2006 that Crossfield was killed when the plane he was piloting was caught in a thunderstorm.

Crossfield was active in various organizations including the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA), the National Aeronautic Association (NAA), and the Society of Experimental Test Pilots (SETP), a group in which he was a founding member. Crossfield also created the Scott Crossfield Foundation to support aerospace education. Crossfield was the recipient of numerous awards and honors including the Sperry (Lawrence B.) Memorial Award (1954) and Chanute (Octave) Award (AIAA, 1958), Kincheloe Award (SETP, 1960), Harmon Trophy (1960), Collier (Robert J.) Trophy (1961), NASA Distinguished Service Medal (1993), and the National Air and Space Museum (NASM) Trophy for Lifetime Achievement (2000).

Crossfield published his autobiography, Always Another Dawn, in 1960 with Clay Blair, Jr. and is the author of numerous other publications, articles, and technical papers.
Provenance:
Alice Crossfield, Gift, 2006
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
North American X-15  Search this
Air pilots  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics -- Records  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Audiotapes
Correspondence
Manuscripts
Citation:
A. Scott Crossfield Papers, Accession number 2006-0041, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
A. Scott Crossfield Papers, Acc. 2006-0041, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2006.0041
See more items in:
A. Scott Crossfield Papers
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg28d41031c-4569-4e2e-b114-8a32f81be51e
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2006-0041
Online Media:

34c Alfred Nobel and Obverse of Medals pane of twenty

Title:
Scott Catalogue USA 3504
Medium:
paper; ink ( ) / lithographed, engraved; adhesive
Dimensions:
15 x 18.5 cm (5 7/8 x 7 5/16 in.)
Type:
Postage Stamps
Place:
United States of America
Date:
2001
Topic:
U.S. Stamps  Search this
Credit line:
Copyright United States Postal Service. All rights reserved.
Object number:
2001.2010.121.1-20
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/hm86a98cb7a-32a4-45e5-b53e-49b3d9978afc
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npm_2001.2010.121.1-20

Delta Air Lines "Onboard Leader" flight attendant wings worn by Casey Grant

Created by:
Delta Air Lines, American, founded 1925  Search this
Worn by:
Casey Grant, American  Search this
Medium:
metal with lacquer
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 1 × 2 3/4 × 1/2 in. (2.5 × 7 × 1.3 cm)
Type:
pins (jewelry)
uniforms
Place used:
United States, North and Central America
Date:
1999-2001
Topic:
African American  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Fashion  Search this
Labor  Search this
Transportation  Search this
Travel  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Casey Grant in honor of Patricia Banks Edmiston, Patricia Grace Murphy and Eugene Harmond
Object number:
2018.50.13.1
Restrictions & Rights:
© Delta Air Lines. Permission required for use.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Awards and Medals
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5f5157088-16a0-4db7-b9af-904bbc47829f
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2018.50.13.1

Delta Air Lines flight attendant wings worn by Eugene Harmond

Created by:
Delta Air Lines, American, founded 1925  Search this
Worn by:
Eugene Harmond, American, born 1947  Search this
Medium:
ink on metal
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 2 3/4 × 1 1/8 × 1/8 in. (7 × 2.8 × 0.3 cm)
Type:
pins (jewelry)
Place used:
United States, North and Central America
Date:
2004-2006
Topic:
African American  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Labor  Search this
Transportation  Search this
Travel  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Casey Grant in honor of Patricia Banks Edmiston, Patricia Grace Murphy and Eugene Harmond
Object number:
2018.50.14.2
Restrictions & Rights:
© Delta Air Lines. Permission required for use.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Awards and Medals
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5417fa72d-677d-4dc5-ad72-4cab293dc069
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2018.50.14.2

Delta "50th Anniversary" pin worn by Eugene Harmond

Created by:
Delta Air Lines, American, founded 1925  Search this
Worn by:
Eugene Harmond, American, born 1947  Search this
Medium:
metal
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 7/8 × 7/8 × 9/16 in. (2.2 × 2.2 × 1.5 cm)
Type:
pins (jewelry)
Place used:
United States, North and Central America
Date:
1979
Topic:
African American  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Business  Search this
Labor  Search this
Transportation  Search this
Travel  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Casey Grant in honor of Patricia Banks Edmiston, Patricia Grace Murphy and Eugene Harmond
Object number:
2018.50.14.5
Restrictions & Rights:
No known copyright restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Awards and Medals
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5ee25e9b3-20f4-4f35-ad00-7b600eafa2d8
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2018.50.14.5

Delta Air Lines Atlanta 1996 Olympics pin worn by Eugene Harmond

Created by:
Delta Air Lines, American, founded 1925  Search this
Worn by:
Eugene Harmond, American, born 1947  Search this
Medium:
paint on metal
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 1 9/16 × 15/16 × 3/8 in. (4 × 2.4 × 1 cm)
Type:
pins (jewelry)
Place depicted:
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1996
Topic:
African American  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Labor  Search this
Olympics  Search this
Sports  Search this
Transportation  Search this
Travel  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Casey Grant in honor of Patricia Banks Edmiston, Patricia Grace Murphy and Eugene Harmond
Object number:
2018.50.14.6
Restrictions & Rights:
Unknown – Restrictions Possible
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Awards and Medals
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5549967a2-0a00-433c-b562-cfdc426c150a
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2018.50.14.6

Delta "Remember, Honor, Renew" lapel pin owned by Eugene Harmond

Created by:
Delta Air Lines, American, founded 1925  Search this
Received by:
Eugene Harmond, American, born 1947  Search this
Medium:
ink on metal
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 7/8 × 1 5/16 × 13/16 in. (2.2 × 3.4 × 2 cm)
Type:
pins (jewelry)
Place used:
United States, North and Central America
Date:
2002
Topic:
African American  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Business  Search this
Labor  Search this
Transportation  Search this
Travel  Search this
U.S. History, 2001-  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Casey Grant in honor of Patricia Banks Edmiston, Patricia Grace Murphy and Eugene Harmond
Object number:
2018.50.14.7
Restrictions & Rights:
Unknown – Restrictions Possible
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Awards and Medals
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd502819610-98e3-4f23-a552-aa3acb9382d4
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2018.50.14.7

Award for Delta Air Lines "Black History Tribute" presented to Eugene Harmond

Created by:
Delta Air Lines, American, founded 1925  Search this
Received by:
Eugene Harmond, American, born 1947  Search this
Medium:
ink on acrylic
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 11 7/16 × 3 5/8 × 5/16 in. (29 × 9.2 × 0.8 cm)
Type:
plaques
Place depicted:
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, North and Central America
Date:
2016
Topic:
African American  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Business  Search this
Labor  Search this
Transportation  Search this
Travel  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Casey Grant in honor of Patricia Banks Edmiston, Patricia Grace Murphy and Eugene Harmond
Object number:
2018.50.16
Restrictions & Rights:
© Delta Air Lines. Permission required for use.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Awards and Medals
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd54c9c1677-bf1b-4657-9538-1a6138a3047b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2018.50.16

The (R)evolution of Indigenous Food Systems of North America

Creator:
National Museum of the American Indian  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2021-04-20T13:25:26.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
Native Americans;American Indians  Search this
See more by:
SmithsonianNMAI
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianNMAI
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_1f4IQy_e5ms

Frank Sinatra

Artist:
Herman Leonard, 1923 - 2010  Search this
Sitter:
Frank Sinatra, 12 Dec 1915 - 14 May 1998  Search this
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
Image: 16.5 × 24.1cm (6 1/2 × 9 1/2")
Mat: 40.6 x 55.9cm (16 x 22")
Sheet: 20.6 × 25.4cm (8 1/8 × 10")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
c. 1956
Topic:
Equipment\Sound Devices\Microphone  Search this
Interior\Studio\Recording  Search this
Music\Music stand  Search this
Frank Sinatra: Male  Search this
Frank Sinatra: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer  Search this
Frank Sinatra: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Frank Sinatra: Oscar  Search this
Frank Sinatra: Presidential Medal of Freedom  Search this
Frank Sinatra: Congressional Gold Medal  Search this
Frank Sinatra: Grammy  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Institute of Jazz Studies at Rutgers University
Object number:
EXH.CL.16
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© Herman Leonard Photography LLC
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm42b9d56ab-4c66-4929-9c4a-a02d821b5149
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_EXH.CL.16

Frank Sinatra and Mia Farrow, Truman Capote's Black and White Ball, Plaza Hotel, New York

Artist:
Harry Benson, born 02 Dec 1929  Search this
Sitter:
Mia Farrow, born 1945  Search this
Frank Sinatra, 12 Dec 1915 - 14 May 1998  Search this
Dimensions:
Frame: 65.7 x 78.4cm (25 7/8 x 30 7/8")
Type:
Photograph
Place:
United States\New York\Kings\New York
Date:
1966
Topic:
Costume\Jewelry\Earring  Search this
Equipment\Camera  Search this
Baggage & Luggage\Bag\Purse  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Mask  Search this
Interior\Entrance hall  Search this
Human Figures\Crowd  Search this
Mia Farrow: Female  Search this
Mia Farrow: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Mia Farrow: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Humanitarian  Search this
Frank Sinatra: Male  Search this
Frank Sinatra: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer  Search this
Frank Sinatra: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Frank Sinatra: Oscar  Search this
Frank Sinatra: Presidential Medal of Freedom  Search this
Frank Sinatra: Congressional Gold Medal  Search this
Frank Sinatra: Grammy  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Harry Benson Ltd.
Object number:
EXH.HB.025
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© Harry Benson Ltd. All rights reserved
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4dace8f64-1c20-4407-a001-8e52ad83fbec
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_EXH.HB.025

Aretha Franklin

Artist:
Milton Glaser, 26 Jun 1929 - 26 Jun 2020  Search this
Sitter:
Aretha Louise Franklin, 25 Mar 1942 - 16 Aug 2018  Search this
Medium:
Color photolithograph
Dimensions:
Sheet: 63.5 x 63.5cm (25 x 25")
Frame: 101.4 × 85.9 × 4.8 cm (39 15/16 × 33 13/16 × 1 7/8")
Type:
Print
Date:
1968
Topic:
Poster  Search this
Aretha Louise Franklin: Female  Search this
Aretha Louise Franklin: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer  Search this
Aretha Louise Franklin: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Popular  Search this
Aretha Louise Franklin: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Rhythm and Blues  Search this
Aretha Louise Franklin: Presidential Medal of Freedom  Search this
Aretha Louise Franklin: Grammy  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; 2015 Portrait of a Nation Prize Recipient
Object number:
NPG.2011.121
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© Milton Glaser
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4bf4f32a2-8268-4ff1-bd73-af2956825ad1
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.2011.121
Online Media:

Ella Fitzgerald

Artist:
Herman Leonard, 1923 - 2010  Search this
Sitter:
Ella Fitzgerald, 25 Apr 1917 - 15 Jun 1996  Search this
Medium:
Selenium-toned gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
Image: 30.1 × 41.2cm (11 7/8 × 16 1/4")
Sheet: 40.6 × 50.5cm (16 × 19 7/8")
Frame: 56.5 × 71.8 × 3.8 cm (22 1/4 × 28 1/4 × 1 1/2")
Type:
Photograph
Place:
United States\New York\Kings\New York
Date:
1949 (printed 1998)
Topic:
Interior  Search this
Music\Musical instrument  Search this
Equipment\Sound Devices\Microphone  Search this
Ella Fitzgerald: Female  Search this
Ella Fitzgerald: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Jazz  Search this
Ella Fitzgerald: Presidential Medal of Freedom  Search this
Ella Fitzgerald: Grammy  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.2014.111.10
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© Herman Leonard Photography LLC
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm43d4ab991-6f88-4f18-aebc-df5eeba8cd18
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.2014.111.10

Rita Moreno

Artist:
ADÁL, 1 Nov 1948 - 9 Dec 2020  Search this
Sitter:
Rita Moreno, born 11 Dec 1931  Search this
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
Image: 18.9 × 19.1cm (7 7/16 × 7 1/2")
Sheet: 25.2 × 20.3cm (9 15/16 × 8")
Mat: 45.7 × 35.6cm (18 × 14")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1984
Topic:
Interior  Search this
Rita Moreno: Female  Search this
Rita Moreno: Grammy  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; acquisition made possible through the Smithsonian Latino Initiatives Pool, administered by the Smithsonian Latino Center; 2017 Portrait of a Nation Prize Recipient
Object number:
NPG.2014.58
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
©1984 Adál
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm49a1a981b-3284-4ab1-bd18-ce07def52e28
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.2014.58

Ella Fitzgerald (with Ray Brown, Dizzy Gillespie, and Milt Jackson)

Artist:
William Paul Gottlieb, 28 Jan 1917 - 23 Apr 2006  Search this
Sitter:
Ella Fitzgerald, 25 Apr 1917 - 15 Jun 1996  Search this
Dizzy Gillespie, 21 Oct 1917 - 6 Jan 1993  Search this
Ray Brown, 13 Oct 1926 - 2 Jul 2002  Search this
Milt Jackson, 1 Jan 1923 - 9 Oct 1999  Search this
Timme Rosenkrantz, 6 Jul 1911 - 11 Aug 1969  Search this
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
Image: 33.1 × 26.6 cm (13 1/16 × 10 1/2")
Sheet: 35.4 × 28 cm (13 15/16 × 11")
Type:
Photograph
Place:
United States\New York\Kings\New York
Date:
1947 (printed later)
Topic:
Costume\Jewelry  Search this
Costume\Headgear\Hat  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses  Search this
Equipment\Sound Devices\Microphone  Search this
Interior\Nightclub  Search this
Home Furnishings\Curtain  Search this
Ella Fitzgerald: Female  Search this
Ella Fitzgerald: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Jazz  Search this
Ella Fitzgerald: Presidential Medal of Freedom  Search this
Ella Fitzgerald: Grammy  Search this
Dizzy Gillespie: Male  Search this
Dizzy Gillespie: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Jazz  Search this
Dizzy Gillespie: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Horn player\Trumpeter  Search this
Dizzy Gillespie: Grammy  Search this
Milt Jackson: Male  Search this
Ray Brown: Male  Search this
Ray Brown: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Jazz  Search this
Timme Rosenkrantz: Male  Search this
Timme Rosenkrantz: Literature\Writer  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Lisa Ruthel and Anup Mahurkar
Object number:
NPG.2016.60
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4aea8a3f5-42d4-411f-941a-728c27b99e45
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.2016.60

Aretha Franklin

Artist:
Anthony Barboza, born 10 May 1944  Search this
Sitter:
Aretha Louise Franklin, 25 Mar 1942 - 16 Aug 2018  Search this
Medium:
Inkjet print
Dimensions:
Image (without black border): 54 × 36.4 cm (21 1/4 × 14 5/16")
Image (with black border): 57 × 38.1 cm (22 7/16 × 15")
Sheet: 60.9 × 55.4 cm (24 × 21 13/16")
Type:
Photograph
Place:
United States\New York\Kings\New York
Date:
1971 (printed 2018)
Topic:
Costume\Jewelry\Necklace  Search this
Costume\Jewelry\Earring  Search this
Interior\Studio  Search this
Aretha Louise Franklin: Female  Search this
Aretha Louise Franklin: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer  Search this
Aretha Louise Franklin: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Popular  Search this
Aretha Louise Franklin: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Rhythm and Blues  Search this
Aretha Louise Franklin: Presidential Medal of Freedom  Search this
Aretha Louise Franklin: Grammy  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.2020.10
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© Anthony Barboza
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4503b3be0-ea1d-4d60-8b3f-c246b2819551
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.2020.10

Leontyne Price

Artist:
Brian Lanker, 31 Aug 1947 - 13 Mar 2011  Search this
Sitter:
Leontyne Price, born 10 Feb 1927  Search this
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
Image: 70.6 × 70.7 cm (27 13/16 × 27 13/16")
Sheet/Mount: 80.8 × 75.2 cm (31 13/16 × 29 5/8")
Mat: 89.9 × 88.6 cm (35 3/8 × 34 7/8")
Frame: 92.7 × 91.4 × 4.4 cm (36 1/2 × 36 × 1 3/4")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1988
Topic:
Costume\Jewelry\Earring  Search this
Interior  Search this
Costume\Jewelry\Necklace\Pearl  Search this
Leontyne Price: Female  Search this
Leontyne Price: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Opera  Search this
Leontyne Price: Presidential Medal of Freedom  Search this
Leontyne Price: Grammy  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; partial gift of Lynda Lanker and a museum purchase made possible with generous support from Robert E. Meyerhoff and Rheda Becker, Agnes Gund, Kate Kelly and George Schweitzer, Lyndon J. Barrois Sr. and Janine Sherman Barrois, and Mark and Cindy Aron
Object number:
NPG.2021.131
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© Brian Lanker Archive
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm446913476-3acb-4b0c-a9bb-ef0bdd654858
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.2021.131

Maya Angelou

Artist:
Brian Lanker, 31 Aug 1947 - 13 Mar 2011  Search this
Sitter:
Maya Angelou, 4 Apr 1928 - 28 May 2014  Search this
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
Image: 71 × 71.1 cm (27 15/16 × 28")
Sheet/Mount: 81.8 × 75.2 cm (32 3/16 × 29 5/8")
Mat: 88 × 87 cm (34 5/8 × 34 1/4")
Frame: 91.1 × 89.5 × 3.2 cm (35 7/8 × 35 1/4 × 1 1/4")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1988
Topic:
Costume\Jewelry\Earring  Search this
Interior  Search this
Home Furnishings\Drape  Search this
Costume\Jewelry\Bracelet  Search this
Maya Angelou: Female  Search this
Maya Angelou: Literature\Writer  Search this
Maya Angelou: Education and Scholarship\Educator\Professor  Search this
Maya Angelou: Literature\Writer\Poet  Search this
Maya Angelou: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Theater  Search this
Maya Angelou: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer  Search this
Maya Angelou: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Activist\Civil rights activist  Search this
Maya Angelou: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Television  Search this
Maya Angelou: Performing Arts\Performer\Dancer  Search this
Maya Angelou: Presidential Medal of Freedom  Search this
Maya Angelou: Literature\Writer\Autobiographer  Search this
Maya Angelou: Literature\Writer\Memoirist  Search this
Maya Angelou: Grammy  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; partial gift of Lynda Lanker and a museum purchase made possible with generous support from Robert E. Meyerhoff and Rheda Becker, Agnes Gund, Kate Kelly and George Schweitzer, Lyndon J. Barrois Sr. and Janine Sherman Barrois, and Mark and Cindy Aron
Object number:
NPG.2021.81
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© Brian Lanker Archive
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm49a7d659f-a78b-4ef8-9884-079755c73d42
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.2021.81

Ella Fitzgerald

Artist:
Carl Van Vechten, 17 Jun 1880 - 21 Dec 1964  Search this
Sitter:
Ella Fitzgerald, 25 Apr 1917 - 15 Jun 1996  Search this
Medium:
Photogravure
Dimensions:
Image: 22.5 × 15 cm (8 7/8 × 5 7/8")
Sheet: 55.8 × 35.6 cm (21 15/16 × 14")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1940 (printed 1983)
Topic:
Interior  Search this
Ella Fitzgerald: Female  Search this
Ella Fitzgerald: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Jazz  Search this
Ella Fitzgerald: Presidential Medal of Freedom  Search this
Ella Fitzgerald: Grammy  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.83.188.15
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
Photograph © Carl Van Vechten Trust
Gravure and compilation ©Eakins Press Foundation
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4f7a78d25-b663-4f55-ab64-dcc1d440b14c
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.83.188.15

Leontyne Price

Artist:
Carl Van Vechten, 17 Jun 1880 - 21 Dec 1964  Search this
Sitter:
Leontyne Price, born 10 Feb 1927  Search this
Medium:
Photogravure
Dimensions:
Image: 22.6 × 15.1 cm (8 7/8 × 5 15/16")
Sheet: 56 × 35.8 cm (22 1/16 × 14 1/8")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1951 (printed 1983)
Topic:
Costume\Jewelry  Search this
Costume\Jewelry\Earring  Search this
Interior  Search this
Nature & Environment\Plant\Flower\Flowers  Search this
Costume\Jewelry\Ring  Search this
Nature & Environment\Plant  Search this
Costume\Jewelry\Bracelet  Search this
Container\Urn  Search this
Leontyne Price: Female  Search this
Leontyne Price: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Opera  Search this
Leontyne Price: Presidential Medal of Freedom  Search this
Leontyne Price: Grammy  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.83.188.38
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
Photograph © Carl Van Vechten Trust
Gravure and compilation ©Eakins Press Foundation
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm412a4d00f-ca1f-4770-a19b-731f2d288688
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.83.188.38

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