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Wurlitzer Company Records

Creator:
Wurlitzer (Rudolph) Company  Search this
Names:
All-American Mohawk Company  Search this
Apollo Piano Company  Search this
Beach-Carlisle Violin Company  Search this
Caldwell Piano Company  Search this
Central Discount Company  Search this
Dayton Photo Products Company  Search this
DeKalb Piano Company  Search this
Dekleist Musical Instruments Company  Search this
Deutsch Wurlitzer  Search this
Eagle Radio Company  Search this
Everett Piano Company  Search this
Fox Theatres Corporation  Search this
Lyric Piano Company  Search this
Milner Music Company  Search this
Morsatti, Inc.  Search this
North Tonawanda Barrel Organ Company  Search this
Robert L. Loud Music Company  Search this
Rudolph Wurlitzer Manufacturing Company  Search this
Southern Ohio Radio Corporation  Search this
Western Industries Corporation  Search this
Wunderlich Piano Company  Search this
Wurlbild Corporation  Search this
Wurlitzer Acceptance Corporation  Search this
Wurlitzer Company  Search this
Wurlitzer Company of California  Search this
Wurlitzer Grand Piano Company  Search this
Youngstown Music Company  Search this
Rolfing, R.C.  Search this
Wurlitzer, Farny  Search this
Wurlitzer, Rembert  Search this
Wurlitzer, Rudolph  Search this
Extent:
56 Cubic feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Minute books
Account books
Financial records
Stock records
Reports
Advertisements
Sales records
Audits
Cashbooks
Ledgers (account books)
Annual reports
Photographs
Journals (accounts)
Price lists
Trade catalogs
Publications
Employee records
Marketing records
Commercial catalogs
Place:
DeKalb (Ill.)
North Tonawanda (N.Y.)
Corinth (Miss.)
Cincinnati (Ohio)
Date:
1860-1984
Summary:
The collection documents the history and development of the Wurlitzer Company and consists of company publications, business records, employee files, manufacturing records, sales and marketing records, product information, publicity, advertising, photographs, audiovisual materials, and organ installation drawings.
Scope and Contents:
The collection documents the history and the development of the Wurlitzer Company. Materials include company publications, business records, employee files, manufacturing records, sales and marketing records, product information, publicity, advertising, photographs, audiovisual materials, and organ installation drawings. The material in the collection spans from 1856-1986, although information prior to 1899 is sparse.
Arrangement:
The Collection is arranged into fourteen series.

Series 1: Wurlitzer Company Histories, Company Events, and General Business Materials, circa 1880-1987; undated

Series 2: Publications, 1910-1989; undated

Series 3: Advertising and Promotional Materials, 1911-1978

Series 4: Product Information, 1860-1984; undated

Series 5: Photographs of Wurlitzer Manufacturing Plants, Employees, Stores, and Dealerships, 1869-1970; undated Series 6: Photographs of Wurlitzer Products and Product Sales Promotions, 1900-1978; undated

Series 7, Photographs Used in Wurlitzer Advertising and Public Relations, 1904-1970; undated

Series 8: Wurlitzer Employee Records and Related Materials, 1909-1961; undated

Series 9: Production and Shipping Records, 1905-1987

Series 10: Shipping and Sales Records for Wurlitzer Dealerships, Wurlitzer Retail Stores, and Rembert Wurlitzer, Incorporated, 1917-1952

Series 11, Records of Stock Certificates, Meeting Minutes, and Related Financial and Legal Documents, 1907-1972

Series 12, Rudolph Wurlitzer Company Financial Records, 1893-1986

Series 13, Maps and Charts, 1931-1976

Series 14, Organ Installation Drawings, 1920-1931; undated
Historical Note:
The Wurlitzer Company began in 1856 when Rudolph Wurlitzer, a Cincinnati bank clerk, sold seven hundred dollars worth of musical instruments he had bought from family and friends in Germany. The busi¬ness was incorporated in Ohio in 1890 under the name the Ru¬dolph Wurlitzer Company." For the first fifty years, Wurlitzer was primarily a retail instrument business operating out of its Cincinnati Store headquarters. Although fire destroyed the com¬pany's headquarters in 1904, a new building was completed in time to celebrate Wurlitzer's fiftieth anniversary in 1906.

In 1908, the Wurlitzer Company bought the DeKleist Musical In¬strument Manufacturing Company in North Tonawanda, New York. The Rudolph Wurlitzer Manufacturing Company continued produc¬tion of automatic musical instruments including player pianos, military bands and pianorchestras. In 1910, the Wurlitzer Company bought the Hope-Jones Organ Company and began to manufacture unit-or¬chestra pipe organs at their North Tonawanda plant. These were pipe organs equipped with bells, gongs, horns and sirens. They became known as Mighty Wurlitzers and provided the musical back¬ground in silent movie houses all over the world and were also built for churches and private homes. In 1919, Wurlitzer bought the Melville-Clark Piano Company of DeKalb, Illinois. Wurlitzer pianos were then manufactured at the DeKalb facilities under a variety of names: the Apollo Piano Company, the DeKalb Piano Company and the Wurlitzer Grand Piano Company. Each name des¬ignated a different quality, price range and style.

With the decline of sales during the 1920s and 1930s, pro¬duction of automatic musical instruments ceased until the manu¬facture of the first jukebox in 1934. In 1930, the Julius Bauer Piano Company was purchased and continued to build pianos in that name until shortly before World War II. For a brief time, radios and refrigerators were made by the Wurlitzer controlled Air-Amer¬ican Mohawk Corporation. It was not a successful venture and ended in the mid-1930s. Many of the Wurlitzer retail stores were, at that time, in bad locations and needed repairs. The solutions to these problems came about with a reorganization of the company in 1935. With the reorganization, many retail stores were sold, piano manufacturing was consolidated in DeKalb and many subsidiaries were dissolved or absorbed completely into the Wurlitzer Company.

During World War II, Wurlitzer halted production of musical in¬struments. The company's defense production efforts were rec¬ognized in 1943 and 1944 when it is North Tonawanda and DeKalb plants received the Army-Navy "E" Award. In 1946, peacetime production resumed and the Wurlitzer Company introduced two new instruments: the electric organ in 1947 and the electric piano in 1954. In 1956, the Wurlitzer Company celebrated its centennial. That same year a new plant at Corinth, Mississippi, was completed. Later, plants were opened in Holly Springs, Mississippi (1961), Logan, Utah (1970) and Hullhorst, West Germany, (1960). The new facilities replaced those at North Tonawanda and DeKalb. The North Tonawanda plant ceased production of jukeboxes in 1974, becoming the company's engineering and research center. In 1973, the DeKalb plant ended production of pianos maintaining only mar¬keting and administrative offices. In 1977, the Wurlitzer Com¬pany's corporate headquarters moved to DeKalb, including the en¬gineering and research center from North Tonawanda.

Wurlitzer's three sons had assumed leadership of the company after his death in 1914. Each son acted as president then, chair of the board, successively. The company hired R.C. Rolfing in 1934 as vice-president and general manager. His re¬organization helped the company through the Depression years. Rolfing succeeded the last of the founder's sons in 1941 as pres¬ident of the company and in 1966 as chair of the board. Farny Wurlitzer, Rudolph's youngest son, died in 1972. A.D. Arsem succeeded Rolfing in 1974 as chair of the board. George B. Howell succeeded W. N. Herleman as president of the company.
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center

Steinway & Sons Records and Family Papers, 1857-1919 (AC0178)

Chickering & Sons Piano Company Collection, 1864-1985 (AC0264)

Sohmer & Company Records, 1872-1989 (AC0349)

William J. Lenz Piano Tuning Collection, circa 1903-1955 (AC0511)

Janssen Piano Company Records, 1901-1929 (AC0512)

John R. Anderson Piano Trade Literature and Ephemera Collection, circa 1850-1990 (AC1257)

Warshaw Collection of Business America's Piano and Organ related materials (AC0060)
Provenance:
Collection donated by Northern Illinois University, and Regional History Center, 1994, November 11.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Violin -- Manufacture  Search this
Radio -- Receivers and reception  Search this
Coin-operated machines  Search this
Accordion  Search this
Jukeboxes -- Manufacture  Search this
Harp -- Manufacture  Search this
Piano -- History  Search this
Player organ  Search this
Accordion -- Manufacture  Search this
Piano makers  Search this
Organ -- Manufacture  Search this
Organ -- History  Search this
Wurlitzer organ  Search this
Musical instrument makers  Search this
Mechanical organs  Search this
Mechanical musical instruments  Search this
Musical instruments  Search this
Genre/Form:
Minute books
Account books
Financial records
Stock records
Reports
Advertisements
Sales records
Audits
Cashbooks
Ledgers (account books)
Annual reports
Photographs -- 19th century
Journals (accounts)
Price lists
Trade catalogs
Publications
Employee records
Marketing records
Commercial catalogs
Citation:
Wurlitzer Company Records, 1860-1984, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0469
See more items in:
Wurlitzer Company Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0469
Online Media:

panel, organ pipe

Medium:
wood, carved and gilded
Type:
Decorative Arts
panel, organ pipe
Possibly made in:
England
Date:
18th century
Credit Line:
Gift of Harvey Smith
Accession Number:
1968-140-13-e/f
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Product Design and Decorative Arts Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kq4cc1e6e99-6eb8-45d4-8d2d-1262594c01a8
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_1968-140-13-e_f

Solution-processable components for organic electronic devices / edited by Beata Łuszczyńska, Krzysztof Matyjaszewski, Jacek Ulański

Editor:
Łuszczynska, Beata http://viaf.org/viaf/1703145857064522921103/  Search this
Matyjaszewski, K (Krzysztof) http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n82126977 http://viaf.org/viaf/94907803/  Search this
Ulański, J. http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n92102082 http://viaf.org/viaf/13971006/  Search this
Physical description:
1 online resource
Type:
Electronic resources
Electronic books
Date:
2019
Topic:
Organic electronics  Search this
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Mechanical  Search this
Call number:
TK7871.15.P6
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1140438

OLED display fundamentals and applications / Takatoshi Tsujimura

Author:
Tsujimura, Takatoshi http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n2011051450 http://viaf.org/viaf/172165218/  Search this
Physical description:
1 online resource
Type:
Electronic resources
Electronic books
Date:
2017
Topic:
Flat panel displays  Search this
Electroluminescent devices  Search this
Organic semiconductors  Search this
Light emitting diodes  Search this
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING--Electronics--General  Search this
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING--Mechanical  Search this
Call number:
TK7882.I6 T84 2017 (Internet)
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1138238

Organic light-emitting transistors : towards the next generation display technology / Michele Muccini, Stefano Toffanin

Author:
Muccini, Michele http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/no2005004926 http://viaf.org/viaf/273377875/  Search this
Toffanin, Stefano http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/no2015150086 http://viaf.org/viaf/170144782721263782694/  Search this
Physical description:
1 online resource
Type:
Electronic resources
Electronic books
Date:
2016
Topic:
Electroluminescent devices--Materials  Search this
Transistors  Search this
Light emitting diodes  Search this
Organic semiconductors  Search this
Information display systems--Materials  Search this
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING--Mechanical  Search this
Call number:
TK7871.68
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1136838

OLED displays and lighting / Mitsuhiro Koden

Author:
Koden, Mitsuhiro http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/no2016069793 http://viaf.org/viaf/141146634270541930147/  Search this
Physical description:
1 online resource
Type:
Electronic resources
Electronic books
Date:
2016
Topic:
Light emitting diodes  Search this
Organic semiconductors  Search this
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING--Mechanical  Search this
Call number:
TK7871.89.L53
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1137288

Organic reaction mechanisms 2013 : an annual survey covering the literature dated January to December 2013 / edited by A.C. Knipe

Author:
Knipe, A. C http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/nb2004303776 http://viaf.org/viaf/41355845/  Search this
Physical description:
1 online resource (729 pages)
Type:
Electronic resources
Electronic books
Date:
2016
Topic:
Organic reaction mechanisms  Search this
SCIENCE--Chemistry--Organic  Search this
Call number:
QD502.5
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1137628

How to solve organic reaction mechanisms : a stepwise approach / Mark G. Moloney, Fellow and Tutor in Chemistry at St Peter's College and Professor of Chemistry, University of Oxford, UK

Author:
Moloney, Mark G http://viaf.org/viaf/46092499/  Search this
Physical description:
1 online resource
Type:
Electronic resources
Electronic books
Date:
2015
Topic:
Organic reaction mechanisms  Search this
SCIENCE--Chemistry--Organic  Search this
Call number:
QD502.5
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1135049

Private equity 4.0 : reinventing value creation / Benoit Leleux, Hans van Swaay, Esmeralda Megally

Author:
Leleux, Benoit http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n96061404 http://viaf.org/viaf/68196394/  Search this
Author:
Swaay, Hans van 1953- http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n2015003265 http://viaf.org/viaf/313486634/  Search this
Megally, Esmeralda 1977- http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n2015003267 http://viaf.org/viaf/313486636/  Search this
Physical description:
1 online resource
Type:
Electronic resources
Electronic books
Date:
2015
Topic:
Private equity  Search this
BUSINESS & ECONOMICS--Finance  Search this
Finance  Search this
Business & Economics  Search this
Investment & Speculation  Search this
Call number:
HG4751
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1135602

Electronic processes in organic semiconductors : an introduction / Anna Köhler and Heinz Bässler

Author:
Köhler, Anna http://viaf.org/viaf/71399367/  Search this
Bässler, Heinz http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n87130585 http://viaf.org/viaf/135621001/  Search this
Physical description:
1 online resource (xiii, 405 pages)
Type:
Electronic resources
Electronic books
Date:
2015
Topic:
Organic semiconductors--Electric properties  Search this
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING--Mechanical  Search this
Call number:
TK7871.99.O74
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1135897

Organic reaction mechanisms, 2012 : an annual survey covering the literature dated January to December 2012 / edited by A.C. Knipe

Editor:
Knipe, A. C. http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/nb2004303776 http://viaf.org/viaf/41355845/  Search this
Physical description:
1 online resource (661 pages) : illustrations
Type:
Electronic resources
Electronic books
Date:
2015
Topic:
Organic reaction mechanisms  Search this
SCIENCE--Chemistry--Organic  Search this
Call number:
QD502.5 .O743 2015 (Internet)
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1136161

Organic reaction mechanisms 2011 : an annual survey covering the literature dated January to December 2011 / edited by A.C. Knipe

Editor:
Knipe, A. C. http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/nb2004303776 http://viaf.org/viaf/41355845/  Search this
Physical description:
1 online resource (ix, 646 pages)
Type:
Electronic resources
Electronic books
Date:
2014
Topic:
Organic reaction mechanisms  Search this
SCIENCE--Chemistry--Organic  Search this
Call number:
QD502.5
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1134654

Organic photovoltaics : materials, device physics, and manufacturing technologies / edited by Christoph Brabec, Ullrich Scherf, and Vladimir Dyakonov ; Dechan Angmo [and fifty four others], contributors

Editor:
Brabec, C. J (Christoph J.) 1966- http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n2002156011 http://viaf.org/viaf/106948114/  Search this
Scherf, Ullrich http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/no2006045073 http://viaf.org/viaf/117702300/  Search this
Dʹiakonov, Vladimir A. http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n2009071860 http://viaf.org/viaf/102924322/  Search this
Author:
Angmo, Dechan  Search this
Physical description:
1 online resource (638 pages) : illustrations
Type:
Electronic resources
Electronic books
Date:
2014
Topic:
Photovoltaic cells  Search this
Organic semiconductors  Search this
Photovoltaic power generation  Search this
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING--Mechanical  Search this
Call number:
TK8322 .O743 2014 (Internet)
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1134706

Organic reaction mechanisms. 2009 : an annual survey covering the literature dated January to December 2009 / edited by A.C. Knipe

Author:
Knipe, A. C http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/nb2004303776 http://viaf.org/viaf/41355845/  Search this
Physical description:
1 online resource (ix, 775 pages) : illustrations
Type:
Electronic resources
Electronic books
Date:
2012
Topic:
Organic reaction mechanisms  Search this
SCIENCE--Chemistry--Organic  Search this
Call number:
QD502.5 .O74 2012 (Internet)
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1130472

Organic reaction mechanisms 2006 : an annual survey covering the literature dated January to December 2006 / edited by A.C. Knipe

Author:
Knipe, A. C http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/nb2004303776 http://viaf.org/viaf/41355845/  Search this
Physical description:
1 online resource (ix, 592 pages)
Type:
Electronic resources
Electronic books
Date:
2010
Topic:
Organic reaction mechanisms  Search this
SCIENCE--Chemistry--Organic  Search this
Call number:
QD502.5 .O74 2010 (Internet)
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1127139

Flash chemistry : fast organic synthesis in microsystems / Jun-ichi Yoshida

Author:
Yoshida, Jun'ichi 1952-2019. http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/nr2005026773 http://viaf.org/viaf/113768943/  Search this
Physical description:
1 online resource (1 volume)
Type:
Electronic resources
Electronic books
Date:
2008
Topic:
Organic compounds--Synthesis  Search this
Intermediates (Chemistry)  Search this
Microreactors  Search this
Organic reaction mechanisms  Search this
SCIENCE--Chemistry--Organic  Search this
Mikroreaktor  Search this
Organische Synthese  Search this
Zwischenstufe (Chemie)  Search this
Call number:
QD262 .Y56 2008 (Internet)
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1124450

Organic reaction mechanisms, 2001 : an annual survey covering the literature dated January to December 2001 / edited by A.C. Knipe

Author:
Knipe, A. C http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/nb2004303776 http://viaf.org/viaf/41355845/  Search this
Physical description:
1 online resource (ix, 608 pages : illustrations
Type:
Electronic resources
Electronic books
Date:
2005
Topic:
Organic reaction mechanisms  Search this
SCIENCE--Chemistry--Organic  Search this
Call number:
QD476
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1120591

Leo Baekeland Diary Volume 22

Author:
Baekeland, L. H. (Leo Hendrik), 1863-1944  Search this
Collection Creator:
Baekeland, L. H. (Leo Hendrik), 1863-1944  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (6.0" x 3.5")
Container:
Box 19, Folder 6
Type:
Archival materials
Diaries
Date:
1917 January 22-1917 July 17
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Family -- 20th century  Search this
Genre/Form:
Diaries -- 20th century
Collection Citation:
Leo Baekeland Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Leo H. Baekeland Papers
Leo H. Baekeland Papers / Series 4: Diaries
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0005-ref311
1 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View Leo Baekeland Diary Volume 22 digital asset number 1

Mechanical organ

Collection Creator::
Smithsonian Institution. Office of Telecommunications  Search this
Container:
Box 59 of 117
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Restrictions pertaining to the use of these materials may apply (based on contracts/copyright). Access restrictions may also apply if listening copies are not currently available. Listening copies can be made for a fee. Contact reference staff for details.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 591, Smithsonian Institution. Office of Telecommunications, Productions
See more items in:
Productions
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0591-refidd1e7761

Mechanical parlor organ [sound recording] : Organina Thibouville / operated by Gérard Döle

Performer:
Dôle, Gérard  Search this
Creator:
Clyne, Ronald 1925-2006  Search this
Physical description:
1 phonograph record : analog, 33 1/3 rpm ; 12 in
Culture:
French RBF116  Search this
Type:
Phonograph records
Music
Place:
Paris (France)
Date:
1981
Topic:
Mechanical organs  Search this
Waltzes  Search this
Polkas  Search this
Mazurkas  Search this
Operas  Search this
Local number:
FWRF116
Restrictions & Rights:
Access by appointment
See more items in:
Folkways Records Collection 1948-1986
Data Source:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_231477

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