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.003, [Charles Francis Hall's Scrapbook]

Author:
Hall, Charles Francis, 1821-1871  Search this
Collection Creator:
Field, Cyrus  Search this
Hall, Charles Francis, 1821-1871  Search this
Franklin, John, 1786-1847  Search this
Royal Geographic Society.  Search this
Everett, Edward, 1794-1865  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Ink on paper, 17.0" x 11".)
Container:
Box 1, Folder 2
Type:
Archival materials
Diaries
Place:
Arctic regions -- Discovery and exploration
Date:
1858 - 1863
Scope and Contents:
Scrapbook of Newspaper clippings on polar exploration.
Local Numbers:
AC0702-0000020
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Explorers  Search this
Genre/Form:
Diaries -- 19th century
Collection Citation:
Charles Francis Hall Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Charles Francis Hall Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0702-ref12
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  • View .003, [Charles Francis Hall's Scrapbook] digital asset number 1

.015, [Charles Francis Hall Expedition Diary Volume IV, First Expedition]

Author:
Hall, Charles Francis, 1821-1871  Search this
Collection Creator:
Field, Cyrus  Search this
Hall, Charles Francis, 1821-1871  Search this
Franklin, John, 1786-1847  Search this
Royal Geographic Society.  Search this
Everett, Edward, 1794-1865  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (9.5" x 12.2".)
Container:
Box 1, Folder 8
Type:
Archival materials
Diaries
Place:
Arctic regions -- Discovery and exploration
Date:
1860 November-1861 April
Local Numbers:
AC0702-0000005
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Explorers  Search this
Genre/Form:
Diaries -- 19th century
Collection Citation:
Charles Francis Hall Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Charles Francis Hall Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0702-ref21
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  • View .015, [Charles Francis Hall Expedition Diary Volume IV, First Expedition] digital asset number 1
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  • View .015, [Charles Francis Hall Expedition Diary Volume IV, First Expedition] digital asset number 4

.020, [Charles Francis Hall Expedition Diary Volume V Part 2, First Expedition]

Author:
Hall, Charles Francis, 1821-1871  Search this
Collection Creator:
Field, Cyrus  Search this
Hall, Charles Francis, 1821-1871  Search this
Franklin, John, 1786-1847  Search this
Royal Geographic Society.  Search this
Everett, Edward, 1794-1865  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Ink on paper., 8.5" x 7.0".)
Container:
Box 2, Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Diaries
Place:
Arctic regions -- Discovery and exploration
Date:
1861 May 28-1861 June 5
Local Numbers:
AC0702-0000007
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Explorers  Search this
Genre/Form:
Diaries -- 19th century
Collection Citation:
Charles Francis Hall Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Charles Francis Hall Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0702-ref26
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  • View .020, [Charles Francis Hall Expedition Diary Volume V Part 2, First Expedition] digital asset number 1

.021, [Charles Francis Hall Journal]

Author:
Hall, Charles Francis, 1821-1871  Search this
Collection Creator:
Field, Cyrus  Search this
Hall, Charles Francis, 1821-1871  Search this
Franklin, John, 1786-1847  Search this
Royal Geographic Society.  Search this
Everett, Edward, 1794-1865  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (5.4" x 8.3".)
Container:
Box 2, Folder 2
Type:
Archival materials
Diaries
Place:
Arctic regions -- Discovery and exploration
Date:
1861 August-1861 October
Local Numbers:
AC0702-0000008
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Explorers  Search this
Genre/Form:
Diaries -- 19th century
Collection Citation:
Charles Francis Hall Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Charles Francis Hall Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0702-ref27
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  • View .021, [Charles Francis Hall Journal] digital asset number 1
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  • View .021, [Charles Francis Hall Journal] digital asset number 4
  • View .021, [Charles Francis Hall Journal] digital asset number 5
  • View .021, [Charles Francis Hall Journal] digital asset number 6
  • View .021, [Charles Francis Hall Journal] digital asset number 7
  • View .021, [Charles Francis Hall Journal] digital asset number 8
  • View .021, [Charles Francis Hall Journal] digital asset number 9
  • View .021, [Charles Francis Hall Journal] digital asset number 10

.023, [Charles Francis Hall Journal]

Author:
Hall, Charles Francis, 1821-1871  Search this
Collection Creator:
Field, Cyrus  Search this
Hall, Charles Francis, 1821-1871  Search this
Franklin, John, 1786-1847  Search this
Royal Geographic Society.  Search this
Everett, Edward, 1794-1865  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (6.0" x 15.5".)
Container:
Box 2, Folder 3
Type:
Archival materials
Diaries
Place:
Arctic regions -- Discovery and exploration
Date:
1862 April -1862 June
Local Numbers:
AC0702-0000010
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Explorers  Search this
Genre/Form:
Diaries -- 19th century
Collection Citation:
Charles Francis Hall Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Charles Francis Hall Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0702-ref29
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  • View .023, [Charles Francis Hall Journal] digital asset number 1
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  • View .023, [Charles Francis Hall Journal] digital asset number 4
  • View .023, [Charles Francis Hall Journal] digital asset number 5
  • View .023, [Charles Francis Hall Journal] digital asset number 6
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  • View .023, [Charles Francis Hall Journal] digital asset number 8
  • View .023, [Charles Francis Hall Journal] digital asset number 9
  • View .023, [Charles Francis Hall Journal] digital asset number 10

Frick Company Records

Source:
Engineering and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI.  Search this
Creator:
Frick Company, George (Waynesboro, Pa.)  Search this
Former owner:
Engineering and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI.  Search this
Names:
Frick, George, 1826-1892  Search this
Extent:
26 Cubic feet (49 boxes, 4 oversize folders)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Payrolls
Photographs
Purchasing records
Scrapbooks
Commercial correspondence
Clippings
Account books
Date:
1852-1961
bulk 1860-1920
Summary:
This collection documents, in correspondence, publications, forms, paperwork, drawings, newspaper clippings, diplomas and photographs, the operations and products of the Frick Company of Waynesboro, Pennsylvania, manufacturers of steam-powered engines (portable, stationary, and traction), sawmills, threshing machines, grain separators and other mechanized agricultural harvesting implements, refrigeration, mechanical cooling systems, and ice making plants, from its founding in 1852 through 1961.
Scope and Contents:
This collection documents the founding and business operations of the Frick Company* of Waynesboro, Pennsylvania, manufacturers of portable, stationary, and traction engines, threshing machines, sawmills, and refrigeration and ice making machinery. The collection covers the period from 1852 to 1961, with the bulk of the material dating from 1860-1873 and from 1880 through the 1920s and illuminates the evolution of mechanized agriculture and refrigeration technology from the mid-nineteenth century to the mid-twentieth century.

The largest portion of the collection contains photographs of Frick engines and refrigeration machinery, taken both in the foundry and in various installations worldwide, as well as original drawings of Frick machines, parts, and components used to illustrate catalogs and trade publications. Another large portion of the collection is correspondence, containing communication from clients ordering Frick products for their farms or businesses, as well as receipts and correspondence from local and regional suppliers of raw materials and components for the construction of Frick products.

The collection also contains numerous examples of operational paperwork from the 1880s-1890s, such as letterheads, order forms, contracts, test logs, and timesheets, as well as a significant amount of trade literature largely from 1880-1920, such as price lists, catalogs, product pamphlets, and advertising material.

There are several published company histories, technical drawings/blueprints of Frick products, diplomas awarded to Frick machinery presented at expositions and fairs (including the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893), full-color posters advertising Frick & Co., agent supplies (including telegraph cipher code books), accounting paperwork, payroll records, communications with shareholders, and significant documentation of the highly publicized labor dispute/strike at Frick in 1946.

This collection would be of interest to researchers in the areas of: agricultural machination and invention in the nineteeth century, steam and horse-powered engines, the development of refrigerating and ice making equipment in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, business operations and financial transactions in the nineteenth century, Pennsylvania history and companies, industrial photography, and nineteenth and twentieth centuries industrial trade literature.

*The name of the company was modified several times over the history of its operation, variations including George Frick, Frick & Bowman, Frick & Co., and Frick Company, depending on the time period in question. Efforts have been made to align the description of the materials throughout the collection with the correct company name at the time of their creation.
Arrangement:
This collection is divided into six series:

Series 1: Publications, 1852, 1874-1875; 1880-1932; 1942-1943; 1953; 1961

Subseries 1.1 Company History, 1928; 1953

Suseries 1.2 Trade Literature, 1874-1875; 1880-1926; 1930; 1932; 1943; 1952-1953; 1960-1961

Subseries 1.3 Advertising Material, 1852; 1880-1899; 1905; 1909-1929; 1942

Series 2: Correspondence, Receipts, and Ledger Books, 1852-1873; 1890-1902; 1914; 1924-1925

Subseries 2.1 Receipts and Business Correspondence: by company, 1855-1873

Subseries 2.2 Receipts and Business Correspondence: miscellaneous, 1852-1873; 1890; 1895

Subseries 2.3 Ledger Books, 1872; 1896-1898; 1892-1894; 1900-1902

Subseries 2.4 Other Correspondence, 1861-1873; 1898-1901; 1914; 1917; 1924-1925

Series 3: Company Management, 1856-1873; circa 1880s-1890s; 1917; 1927-1929; 1945-1946

Subseries 3.1 Accounting, 1856-1897

Subseries 3.2 Sales, circa 1880s; 1917; 1927

Subseries 3.3 Communications, 1860-1917

Subseries 3.4 Public Relations, 1928-1929; 1945-1946

Series 4: Foundry Operations, 1859-1872; 1877-1879; circa 1880s-1890s; 1900-1903; 1911; 1921; 1929

Subseries 4.1 Orders, 1859-1872; circa 1880s-1890s;1900-1902

Subseries 4.2 Drawings/Blueprints, 1871-1911; 1921; 1929

Subseries 4.3 Shipping and Receiving, 1860-1873; circa 1880s-1890s

Subseries 4.4 Timesheets and Testing, 1860; 1868; 1877-1879; circa 1880s-1890s; 1903

Series 5: Photographs and Artistic Renderings, circa 1880-1950

Subseries 5.1 Frick Buildings, Offices, and Operations, circa 1880-1910

Subseries 5.2 Portable, Stationary, and Traction Engines, 1889; 1893-1896; 1906-1908; 1912-1915; 1925

Subseries 5.3 Other Machinery, circa 1890s

Subseries 5.4 Ice Making and Refrigeration Machinery: Vertical Compressors, 1883-1906; circa 1920s

Subseries 5.5 Ice Making and Refrigeration Machinery: Horizontal Compressors, circa 1910-1920

Subseries 5.6 Ice Making and Refrigeration Machinery: CO2 Compressors and Later Models, circa 1920-1950; 1940-1941

Subseries 5.7 Ice Making and Refrigeration Machinery: Ice Plants, 1889; 1904; 1920-1927

Subseries 5.8 Ice Making and Refrigeration Machinery: Cold Storage Units, 1889; 1925; 1933; undated

Subseries 5.9 Installations: Ice Plants, 1892-1896; 1900-1933; 1945

Subseries 5.10 Installations: Refrigeration and Cold Storage Units, circa 1890-1905; circa 1915-1920

Series 6: Trade Shows and Exhibitions, 1877-1885; 1893; 1895; 1904; 1926

Subseries 6.1 Awards, Certificates, and Diplomas, 1877-1884; 1893; 1895; 1904

Subseries 6.2 Promotional Material, 1884-1885; 1926
Biographical / Historical:
Founded in 1852 by engineer and inventor George Frick (1826-1892), Frick Company has been an innovative machinery design leader in many areas of the agricultural and refrigeration industries over the last 160 years. Frick began building steam engines and threshing machines in a small shop in Waynesboro, Pennsylvania.

Frick quickly gained a reputation for quality in the growing field of mechanized agriculture. His designs for early portable engines--transported and driven by horsepower--soon evolved into self-propelling, steam-powered vehicles that could be driven into the fields and then used to run the grain separating, cleaning and bagging machines that were revolutionizing the farming industry, increasing production at exponential rates.

In addition, Frick's stationary engines were put to use in mills of all kinds (grist, flour, paper, and woolen) to augment or replace their dependence on unreliable natural water power, including sawmills, of which Frick was soon building a line of portable, steam-driven versions. Between the mid-1850s and the early 1870s, the company continued to expand, outgrowing three different shops before building the final location of the works in Waynesboro. George Frick himself was continuously active in the company through the end of the nineteenth century as a mechanical engineer and product designer, as well as a frequent consultant, traveling to confer with clients on specifications for their orders.

Beginning in 1872, George Frick's business and personal life took a downturn with the deaths in quick succession of both his oldest son Frank and his new business partner C.F. Bowman, as a result of a typhoid fever epidemic that swept through the area. Additionally, the financial Panic of 1873 nearly closed Frick's company along with thousands of other American businesses that year, but thirteen local businessmen formed a partnership, putting forth the necessary capital to keep the manufacturing plant afloat. George Frick sold his controlling interest to the partnership, but remained as general manager of the company.

After this brief period of struggle, Frick and Company began again to expand its product line as well as its reputation. The new works in Waynesboro were modern and efficient, enough to warrant a feature article in Scientific American in 1881. The following year, the company built its first refrigeration machine, and a whole new direction of production opened up. Automatic and traction engines were still in demand, being constantly improved and updated, but refrigeration was the new frontier. Frick rose to become one of the leaders in development of high quality, durable, and functional refrigeration machinery. George's son A.O. Frick, now an engineer with the company, partnered with Edgar Penney, another design engineer, to develop the Corliss engine line, which would run the large ammonia compressors, creating what was called a refrigeration machine. They were intially used to power ice plants, which were being built all over the world after the mild winter of 1890 tipped the natural ice industry into decline. They also used cold storage/mechanical cooling units, of which breweries and meat packing plants were the earliest adopters, followed by cold food stores, florist shops, and fur storage, as well as the dairy and shipping industries. The Armour Packing Plant in Kansas City, Missouri was the proud owner of "The Largest Ice Machine in the World," built by Frick and shipped by train via specially-reinforced rails in 1896. At the turn of the twentieth century, hotels, restaurants, hospitals and industrial plants soon began to rely on refrigeration units for daily operations, and Frick's business was booming.

As gas-powered engine technology began taking over in the first decades of the twentieth century, Frick moved away from steam engines and focused on more specialized farm equipment such as dehydrators, peanut pickers, combines, balers and silo fillers. Their line of sawmills was also still in high demand. But increasingly, Frick was focused on steadily refining and improving its refrigeration equipment. Ammonia, while highly efficient as a coolant, had its dangerous downsides: it could be fatal if leaked, and could contaminate plant ice easily. Although many of Frick's ammonia compression refrigeration machines were still in use forty or more years after installation and were still preferred for industrial use, the technology needed to improve in order to be viable for the general public. Several publicized accidents led eventually to the preferred use of chloroflorocarbons as a coolant, and Frick developed enclosed-type CO2 compressors and eventually freon units. Other Frick refrigeration products included machinery for making dry ice, air conditioning units, and temperature controls for test plants, as well as marine refrigeration (developed during the First World War) for shipping food between continents. Frick did contract work for the US military during and following World War II, and was a major company involved in the development of quick-freezing systems to support the growing frozen food industry starting in the late 1940s.

Frick Company positioned itself as a permanent leader in the food production and distribution industry by the 1950s. The company is still in operation today, though it has been purchased several times, most recently by Johnson Controls, which maintains a product line bearing the name Frick.
Related Materials:
The Archives Center holds several collections that may be of interest to researchers in relation to the Frick Company Collection.

For related material on Corliss engines, see the following collections:

Chuse Engine and Manufacturing Company Records (AC 1088)

Corliss Steam Engine Album (AC 1016)

Corliss Steam Engine Reference Collection (AC 1329)

Nagle Engine and Boiler Works Records (AC 1083)

Providence Engineering Works Records (AC 1076)

Skinner Engine Company Records (AC 1087)

Robert Weatherill Company Records (AC 0992)

For related material on threshing machines and agricultural machinery, see the following collections:

John K. Parlett Collection (AC 3066)

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana (AC 0060)

For related material on refrigeration machinery, see the following collections:

Madison Cooper Papers (AC 1105)

Nickerson and Collins Photography (AC 1044)

Southwork Foundry and Machine Company Records (AC 1107)
Separated Materials:
The Division of Work and Industry holds artifacts related to this collection. See acquisition numbers AG79A09.1, MC 319243.12 and .13, and 58A9.
Provenance:
Collection donated by the Frick Company, through Terry Mitchell in 1961.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Harvesting machinery  Search this
Refrigeration and refrigerating machinery -- 1860-1960  Search this
Steam-engines  Search this
Engineers  Search this
Genre/Form:
Payrolls
Photographs -- 20th century
Purchasing records
Scrapbooks -- 1840-1990
Commercial correspondence
Clippings
Account books
Citation:
Frick Company Collection, 1852-1961, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0293
See more items in:
Frick Company Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0293
Online Media:

Photographs and Artistic Renderings

Collection Source:
Engineering and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Frick Company, George (Waynesboro, Pa.)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1880-circa 1950
Scope and Contents:
This series contains photographs and artistic renderings of photographs of Frick products largely used as illustrations in trade literature (catalogs, pamphlets and other publications) and for documentation of production, as well as photography of buildings and offices of Frick and Company. A substantial portion of the product photographs was staged inside the foundry, either as examples of the product line or to document a product built to specification before it was shipped to the buyer. Often the machinery is mounted on blocks and surrounded by drapes to control lighting and ensure a blank background. Occasionally a photograph was then artistically altered for inclusion in a catalog, either being rendered entirely as a drawing, or by altering the photo itself with ink or crayon to adjust lighting and highlight lines. This was also done for parts and components of the larger machines. By the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries (as photography became more practical), Frick was photo-documenting its machinery where it was actually installed, in businesses across the nation and around the world.

Subseries 5.1 Frick Buildings, Offices, and Operations contains photographs and drawings of the Waynesboro foundry, including birds-eye views of the entire factory, interior shots of the machine shops and storage yards, and shots of the offices and workers. There are photos of the many Frick branch offices that had opened across the country by the late 1800s, as well as a photo of George Frick's home in Ringgold, Pennsylvania.

Subseries 5.2 Portable, Stationary, and Traction Engines focuses on Frick's engines of all types, most of which were used on farms and in mills (Eclipse), but some of which (Corliss) developed into the engines that would run refrigeration machinery in the latter decades of the nineteenth century. Some of the latter are also pictured in subseries 4 and 5, in combination with compressors to form refrigeration machines.

Subseries 5.3 Other Machinery includes Frick-produced steam boilers and components, a 20-ton crane and a double-plunger.

Subseries 5.4-5.8 Ice Making and Refrigeration Equipment focuses on photo-documenting Frick's manufacture of innovative refrigeration machinery, including many different forms of ammonia and CO2 compressors, ice making supplies, cold storage units (including brine tanks, condenser pipes and heating/cooling coils), and early combined refrigeration units using Freon. By far the largest representation is the vertical open-type ammonia compressor, the manufacture of which, in combination with the Corliss engine systems, formed the backbone of Frick's refrigeration line from the 1880s through the start of World War I.

Subseries 5.9 and 5.10 Installations contains photographs of Frick ice plants and cold storage as installed in different businesses across the United States and around the world, including installations in Japan, India, South Africa, and Greece. Represented industries include brewing, creamery/dairy plants, meat-packing, frozen fish/bait, food storage, and ice making. Subseries 10 also features a large number of photographs detailing the installation of a ship-wide cold storage unit aboard the S.S. Wheaton, for use in shipping large quantities of frozen fish across the Atlantic Ocean.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Frick Company Collection, 1852-1961, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0293, Series 5
See more items in:
Frick Company Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0293-ref19

Sticking hogs--Armour's great packing house. [Active no. 5772 : interpositive.]

Topic:
CHICAGO & ILLINOIS
Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Names:
Armour (packing company)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (4" x 5".)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
Chicago (Ill.)
Illinois
Local Numbers:
RSN 26761
General:
Currently stored in box 3.2.51 [114].
Collection Restrictions:
The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center. A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Meat industry -- Illinois  Search this
Packing-houses -- Illinois  Search this
pigs -- Illinois  Search this
Swine -- Illinois  Search this
Butchers -- Illinois  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1910 -- Interpositives -- Glass
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 3: Underwood & Underwood glass plates / 3.2: Underwood and Underwood Positives / RSN Numbers 26705-26809
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref24520

A half mile of pork--Armour's great packing house. [Active no. 5773 : interpositive.]

Topic:
CHICAGO & ILLINOIS
Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Names:
Armour (packing company)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (4" x 5".)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
Chicago (Ill.)
Illinois
Local Numbers:
RSN 26762
General:
Currently stored in box 3.2.51 [114].
Collection Restrictions:
The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center. A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Meat industry -- Illinois  Search this
Packing-houses -- Illinois  Search this
pigs -- Illinois  Search this
Swine -- Illinois  Search this
Butchers -- Illinois  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1910 -- Interpositives -- Glass
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 3: Underwood & Underwood glass plates / 3.2: Underwood and Underwood Positives / RSN Numbers 26705-26809
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref24521

The cooling room--Armour's great packing house. [Active no. 5774 : interpositive.]

Topic:
CHICAGO & ILLINOIS
Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Names:
Armour (packing company)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (4" x 5".)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
Chicago (Ill.)
Illinois
Local Numbers:
RSN 26763
General:
Currently stored in box 3.2.51 [114].
Collection Restrictions:
The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center. A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Beef -- Illinois  Search this
Meat industry -- Illinois  Search this
Packing-houses -- Illinois  Search this
pigs -- Illinois  Search this
Swine -- Illinois  Search this
Butchers -- Illinois  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1910 -- Interpositives -- Glass
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 3: Underwood & Underwood glass plates / 3.2: Underwood and Underwood Positives / RSN Numbers 26705-26809
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref24522

The sheep department--Armour's great packing house. [Active no. 5775 : Interpositive.]

Topic:
CHICAGO & ILLINOIS
Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Names:
Armour (packing company)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (4" x 5".)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
Chicago (Ill.)
Illinois
Local Numbers:
RSN 26764
General:
Currently stored in box 3.2.51 [114].
Collection Restrictions:
The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center. A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Butchers -- Illinois  Search this
Children -- Employment -- 1900-1910.  Search this
Hides -- Illinois  Search this
Meat industry -- Illinois  Search this
Sheep -- Illinois  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1910 -- Interpositives -- Glass
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 3: Underwood & Underwood glass plates / 3.2: Underwood and Underwood Positives / RSN Numbers 26705-26809
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref24523

Immigration: United States Government, Report of Immigration Community Volume 13, Immigrants and Industries Part 2, Slaughtering and Meat Packing

Collection Creator:
Naff, Alixa, 1919-2013  Search this
Container:
Box 176, Folder 7
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1910
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.

Researchers must use microfilm copies. Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves. Researchers must use reference copies of audio-visual materials. When no reference copy exists, the Archives Center staff will produce reference copies on an "as needed" basis, as resources allow.

Viewing film portions of collection require special appointment; please inquire with a reference archivist. Do not use when original materials are available on reference video or audio tapes.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Faris and Yamna Naff Arab-American Collection Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Faris and Yamna Naff Arab American Collection
Faris and Yamna Naff Arab American Collection / Series 6: Project Files / 6.2: Research Materials, 1894-1992
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0078-ref3005

Ancient Egyptian Tombs Were Crammed Full of Snacks

Creator:
Smithsonian Channel  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2019-11-12T16:30:04.000Z
YouTube Category:
Entertainment  Search this
See more by:
smithsonianchannel
Data Source:
Smithsonian Channel
YouTube Channel:
smithsonianchannel
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_uHcxSQqdjKY

Gelometer

Maker:
Chicago Apparatus Company  Search this
Measurements:
overall: 25 3/4 in x 9 in x 11 in; 65.405 cm x 22.86 cm x 27.94 cm
base: 8 in x 11 in; x 20.32 cm x 27.94 cm
overall: 25 3/4 in x 7 7/8 in x 11 1/4 in; 65.405 cm x 20.0025 cm x 28.575 cm
Object Name:
Scale, Electrical Bulk Weighing Machine Dispenser
Gelotometer
Object Type:
Scales
Associated Place:
United States: New Jersey
Date made:
1925
Credit Line:
Transfer from Department of Commerce, National Bureau of Standards
ID Number:
CH.316596
Catalog number:
316596
Accession number:
225869
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Chemistry
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a0-e136-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_2128
Online Media:

5 Dollars, North Western Bank, Pennsylvania, United States, 1861

Maker:
National Bank Note Co.  Search this
Physical Description:
paper; ink (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 7.5 cm x 18.5 cm; 2 15/16 in x 7 9/32 in
Object Name:
note
Place of issue:
United States: Pennsylvania, Warren
Date made:
1861-07-18
ID Number:
2013.0023.002
Accession number:
2013.0023
Catalog number:
2013.0023.002
Serial number:
4142
See more items in:
Work and Industry: National Numismatic Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ad-c404-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1438023

Oyster Shucking Knife

Maker:
Swift, Jack  Search this
Physical Description:
ferrous metal (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 5 11/16 in x 1/2 in x 5/16 in; 14.44625 cm x 1.27 cm x .79375 cm
Object Name:
oyster knife
knife, oyster
Oyster processing began here in first half of 19th century:
United States: Maryland, Baltimore
Date made:
1900
Subject:
Fishing  Search this
Related event:
The Development of the Industrial United States  Search this
Related Publication:
On the Water online exhibition
Related Web Publication:
http://americanhistory.si.edu/onthewater
ID Number:
2008.0052.01
Accession number:
2008.0052
Catalog number:
2008.0052.01
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Maritime
Work
Food
On the Water exhibit
Exhibition:
On the Water
Exhibition Location:
National Museum of American History
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a8-6432-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1336043

Oyster Tin, Pride of the Chesapeake Brand

Maker:
J. D. Groves & Co.  Search this
Physical Description:
ferrous tinned (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 7 1/4 in x 6 9/16 in; 18.415 cm x 16.66875 cm
Object Name:
oyster can
Place made:
United States: Maryland, Baltimore
Date made:
1920s
1920-1930
Subject:
Fishing  Search this
Related event:
The Emergence of Modern America  Search this
Related Publication:
On the Water online exhibition
Related Web Publication:
http://americanhistory.si.edu/onthewater
ID Number:
2007.0054.01
Catalog number:
2007.0054.01
Accession number:
2007.0054
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Food Technology
Industry & Manufacturing
Work
Health & Medicine
Advertising
Food
Exhibition:
On the Water
Exhibition Location:
National Museum of American History
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ac-0846-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1322186
Online Media:

Oyster Tin, Foote's Best Oysters

Maker:
D. E. Foote & Co., Inc  Search this
Physical Description:
ferrous tinned (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 7 1/8 in x 6 3/4 in; 18.0975 cm x 17.145 cm
Object Name:
oyster can
Place made:
United States: Maryland, Baltimore
Date made:
1920-1930
Subject:
Fishing  Search this
Related event:
The Emergence of Modern America  Search this
Related Publication:
On the Water online exhibition
Related Web Publication:
http://americanhistory.si.edu/onthewater
ID Number:
2007.0062.01
Catalog number:
2007.0062.01
Accession number:
2007.0062
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Food Technology
Industry & Manufacturing
Work
Health & Medicine
Food
Advertising
Exhibition:
On the Water
Exhibition Location:
National Museum of American History
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ac-3ec3-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1322195
Online Media:

Oyster Tin, Heyser’s Oysters

Maker:
Wm Heyser Co.  Search this
Physical Description:
ferrous tinned (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 7 9/16 in x 6 11/16 in; 19.20875 cm x 16.98625 cm
Object Name:
oyster can
Place made:
United States: Maryland, Baltimore
Date made:
1920-1930
Subject:
Fishing  Search this
Related event:
The Emergence of Modern America  Search this
Related Publication:
On the Water online exhibition
Related Web Publication:
http://americanhistory.si.edu/onthewater
ID Number:
2007.0087.01
Catalog number:
2007.0087.01
Accession number:
2007.0087
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Food Technology
Industry & Manufacturing
Work
Health & Medicine
Advertising
Food
Exhibition:
On the Water
Exhibition Location:
National Museum of American History
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b3-416a-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1329288
Online Media:

Leaflet, Remington Rand UNIVAC Punched-Card Equipment Saves Time, Labor and Money for Rath Black Hawk Meats from the Land O'Corn

Author:
Remington Rand Univac. Division of Sperry Rand  Search this
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 21 cm x 28 cm; 8 9/32 in x 11 1/32 in
Object Name:
leaflet
Place made:
United States: New York, New York City
Date made:
ca 1960
Subject:
Mathematics  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of James P. Greaves
ID Number:
1997.3012.04.12
Nonaccession number:
1997.3012
Catalog number:
1997.3012.04.12
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Mathematics
Tabulating Equipment
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a5-0ce4-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_690784

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