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Letter

Creator:
Tooker, William Wallace  Search this
Addressee:
McGee, W J, 1853-1912  Search this
Names:
Mooney, James, 1861-1921  Search this
Collection Collector:
Stirling, Matthew Williams, 1896-1975  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Trenton -- New Jersey -- Archeology -- Early man
Date:
September 18, 1897
Scope and Contents:
Regarding Paleolithic man at Trenton, New Jersey, and James Mooneyʹs study of the Dakota Indians.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4372(16)
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 4372, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 4372 Miscellaneous material relating to the history of the Bureau of American Ethnology, the history of anthropology, and anthropological controversies
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4372-ref16

Letter to WJ McGee

Creator:
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942  Search this
Addressee:
McGee, W J, 1853-1912  Search this
Names:
American Anthropological Association  Search this
Collection Collector:
Stirling, Matthew Williams, 1896-1975  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
April 6, 1903
Scope and Contents:
Regarding reorganization or founding of an anthropological society.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4372(16)
Topic:
Anthropology -- History  Search this
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 4372, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 4372 Miscellaneous material relating to the history of the Bureau of American Ethnology, the history of anthropology, and anthropological controversies
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4372-ref17

Letter to WJ McGee

Creator:
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942  Search this
Addressee:
McGee, W J, 1853-1912  Search this
Collection Collector:
Stirling, Matthew Williams, 1896-1975  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
June 3, 1899
Scope and Contents:
Requesting assistance in finding employment for the son of a friend.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4372(6)
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 4372, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 4372 Miscellaneous material relating to the history of the Bureau of American Ethnology, the history of anthropology, and anthropological controversies
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4372-ref18

Letter to WJ McGee

Creator:
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942  Search this
Addressee:
McGee, W J, 1853-1912  Search this
Names:
Cushing, Frank Hamilton, 1857-1900  Search this
Fewkes, Jesse Walter, 1850-1930  Search this
Collection Collector:
Stirling, Matthew Williams, 1896-1975  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
January 1, 1897
Scope and Contents:
Regarding estrangement between Frank H. Cushing and Jesse Walter Fewkes.
Arrangement:
Item
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4372(16)
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 4372, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 4372 Miscellaneous material relating to the history of the Bureau of American Ethnology, the history of anthropology, and anthropological controversies
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4372-ref19

Letter

Creator:
Peabody, Lucy E.  Search this
Addressee:
McGee, W J, 1853-1912  Search this
Collection Collector:
Stirling, Matthew Williams, 1896-1975  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
January 19, 1902
Scope and Contents:
Regarding the Preservation of Antiquities Act.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4372(16)
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 4372, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 4372 Miscellaneous material relating to the history of the Bureau of American Ethnology, the history of anthropology, and anthropological controversies
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4372-ref20

Letter to United States Express Company

Creator:
McGee, W J, 1853-1912  Search this
Collection Collector:
Stirling, Matthew Williams, 1896-1975  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
Requesting them to send gold to Pascual Encinas, Hermosilla, Mexico.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4372(16)
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 4372, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 4372 Miscellaneous material relating to the history of the Bureau of American Ethnology, the history of anthropology, and anthropological controversies
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4372-ref21

Letter

Creator:
Page, Walter H.  Search this
Addressee:
McGee, W J, 1853-1912  Search this
Names:
National Geographic Society (U.S.)  Search this
Collection Collector:
Stirling, Matthew Williams, 1896-1975  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
April 4, 1900
Scope and Contents:
Regarding changes in the National Geographic Magazine.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4372(16)
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 4372, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 4372 Miscellaneous material relating to the history of the Bureau of American Ethnology, the history of anthropology, and anthropological controversies
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4372-ref23

Letter to W. J. McGee

Creator:
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942  Search this
Addressee:
McGee, W J, 1853-1912  Search this
Names:
International Congress of Americanists, 1902  Search this
Collection Collector:
Stirling, Matthew Williams, 1896-1975  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
March 24, 1902
Scope and Contents:
Concerns preparation of the 1902 program of the International Congress of Americanists.
Arrangement:
item
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4372 (16)
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 4372, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 4372 Miscellaneous material relating to the history of the Bureau of American Ethnology, the history of anthropology, and anthropological controversies
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4372-ref27

Memorandum to BAE employees concerning office records and absence from the office

Creator:
McGee, W J, 1853-1912  Search this
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
Collection Collector:
Stirling, Matthew Williams, 1896-1975  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
September 30, 1893
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4372(7)
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 4372, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 4372 Miscellaneous material relating to the history of the Bureau of American Ethnology, the history of anthropology, and anthropological controversies
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4372-ref5

Portraits of anthropologists

Depicted:
American Association for the Advancement of Science  Search this
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
United States De Soto Expedition Commission  Search this
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942  Search this
Bond, Q. M.  Search this
Cammerer, Arno B.  Search this
Cushing, Frank Hamilton, 1857-1900  Search this
Davis, E. H. (Edwin Hamilton), 1811-1888  Search this
Densmore, Frances, 1867-1957  Search this
Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895  Search this
Drucker, Philip, 1911-1982  Search this
Fewkes, Jesse Walter, 1850-1930  Search this
Gatschet, Albert S. (Albert Samuel), 1832-1907  Search this
Geary, James A.  Search this
Goode, G. Brown (George Brown), 1851-1896  Search this
Hale, Horatio, 1817-1896  Search this
Harrington, John Peabody, 1884-1961  Search this
Henshaw, Henry W. (Henry Wetherbee), 1850-1930  Search this
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Hillers, John K., 1843-1925  Search this
Holmes, William Henry, 1846-1933  Search this
Jackson, William Henry, 1843-1942  Search this
Judd, Neil Merton, 1887-1976  Search this
Knez, Eugene I. (Eugene Irving), 1916-2010  Search this
Kroeber, A. L. (Alfred Louis), 1876-1960  Search this
Le Plongeon, Augustus, 1826-1908  Search this
Mason, Otis T., 1838-1908  Search this
Matthews, Washington, 1843-1905  Search this
McGee, W J, 1853-1912  Search this
Merriam, C. Hart (Clinton Hart), 1855-1942  Search this
Mooney, James, 1861-1921  Search this
Morgan, Lewis Henry, 1818-1881  Search this
Pilling, James Constantine, 1846-1895  Search this
Powell, John Wesley, 1834-1902  Search this
Rink, Signe  Search this
Roberts, Frank H. H. (Frank Harold Hanna), 1897-1966  Search this
Royce, Charles C., 1845-1923  Search this
Stephenson, Robert L. (Robert Lloyd), 1919-  Search this
Stevenson, James, 1840-1888  Search this
Stevenson, Matilda Coxe, 1850-1915  Search this
Steward, Julian Haynes, 1902-1972  Search this
Struever, Stuart  Search this
Swan, James G., 1818-1900  Search this
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Upham, E. P. (Edwin Porter), 1845-1918  Search this
Washburn, Wilcomb E.  Search this
Willey, Gordon R. (Gordon Randolph), 1913-2002  Search this
Photographer:
Bachrach & Brother  Search this
Blackstone Studios  Search this
National Geographic Society (U.S.)  Search this
Bailey, Vernon Orlando  Search this
Dana (of New York)  Search this
Garrett, Gene  Search this
Gilbert, C. W.  Search this
Gill, De Lancey, 1859-1940  Search this
Jackson, William Henry, 1843-1942  Search this
Kemethy, Kets  Search this
Koby, Paul  Search this
McDonough, David  Search this
Parker, Charles  Search this
Phillips, H. C.  Search this
Rice (of Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Shuck, J. A.  Search this
Names:
Geological Survey (U.S.)  Search this
Artist:
Nicholson, Grace, -1948  Search this
Extent:
1 Print (photogravure)
8 Prints (halftone (including one newspaper clipping))
124 Prints (circa, silver gelatin, albumen, and platinum)
50 Copy prints (circa)
3 copper printing plates
1 Color print
1 Print (wood engraving)
3 Copy negatives (glass)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Prints
Copy prints
Color prints
Copy negatives
Photographs
Date:
circa 1860s-1970
Scope and Contents note:
This collection is an artificial collection of photographs, copper plates, and a few notes, all of which depict or relate to anthropologists, many of which were associated with the Bureau of American Ethnology.

Included are portraits of Franz Boas, Q. M. Bond, Arno B. Cammerer, Frank Hamilton Cushing, Edwin Hamilton Davis, J. Woodbridge Davis, Frances Densmore, James Owen Dorsey, Philip Drucker, Jesse Walter Fewkes (including photographs of his home by Frances Densmore), Albert Samuel Gatschet, James A. Geary, De Lancey W. Gill, George Brown Goode, Horatio Hale, Henry Wetherbee Henshaw, John Napoleon Brinton Hewitt, John K. Hillers, William Henry Holmes, William Henry Jackson, Eugene Irving Knez, Alfred Louis Kroeber, Pere Albert Lacomb, Augustus Le Plongeon, James Mooney, Lewis Henry Morgan, Carl Oschsicanes, James Constantine Pilling, John Wesley Powell, Frau Signe Rink, Frank Harold Hanna Roberts, Jr., Charles C. Royce, Robert Lloyd Stephenson, James Stevenson, Matilda Coxe Stevenson, Julian Haynes Steward, Steward Struever, James Gilchrist Swan, John Reed Swanton, Edwin P. Upham, Wilcomb E. Washburn, and Gordon Randolph Willey. Groups depicted include the staff of the Bureau of American Ethnology, 1936; the De Soto Commission; officers of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, 1885; a 1920 expedition group to Hawikuk; staff of the Great Lakes Division, United States Geological Survey, in Salt Lake City, 1882; a group at Moundville, Alabama, 1932; the University of Nebraska archeological field party, 1920; the Pecos conference, 1927; John Wesley Powell with Wild Hank, Kentucky Mountain Bill, and Jesus Aloiso; and the United States Geological Survey staff, ca. 1894.

Among photographers represented are Vernon Orlando Bailey, Blackston Studios of New York, Dana of New York, Frances Densmore, Gene Garrett, C. W. Gilbert, De Lancey W. Gill, John K. Hillers, William H. Jackson, Kets Kemethy, Paul Koby, David McDonough, H. C. Phillips, Rice of Washington, D. C., and J. A. Shuck of El Reno, Oklahoma.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 33
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Four photographs with negatives by Matilda Coxe Stevenson have been relocated to Photo Lot 23.
This collection includes photographs that have been removed from other collections in the National Anthropological Archives, including MS 4970, MS 4851, MS 4780, MS 4250, MS 4751, MS 4516, MS 4860, MS 4695, MS 4970, and MS 4558.
See others in:
Portraits of anthropologists, 1860s-1960s
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Copy prints of original photographs held by the American Philosophical Society, National Geographic Society, and National Archives cannot be copied. Copies may be obtained from these repositories.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 33, Portraits of anthropologists, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.33
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-33

Illustrations used in Bureau of American Ethnology and United States National Museum publications

Collector:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
Smithsonian Institution. United States National Museum  Search this
Names:
Bourke, John Gregory, 1846-1896  Search this
Culin, Stewart, 1858-1929  Search this
Fewkes, Jesse Walter, 1850-1930  Search this
Hoffman, Walter James, 1846-1899  Search this
Mason, Otis T., 1838-1908  Search this
McGee, W J, 1853-1912  Search this
Mooney, James, 1861-1921  Search this
Moore, Clarence B. (Clarence Bloomfield), 1852-1936  Search this
Nelson, Edward William, 1855-1934  Search this
Artist:
Chapman, Mary Beth  Search this
Gill, Mary W.  Search this
Hildebrant, Mary M.  Search this
Hough, Walter, 1859-1935  Search this
J. T. G.  Search this
Nichols, Spencer Baird, 1875-1950  Search this
Shindler, Antonio Zeno  Search this
Extent:
2,000 Items (circa 2000 paintings, drawings, and photographs)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Paintings
Photographs
Illustrations
Date:
circa 1879-1929
Scope and Contents note:
Artwork and some photographs used to illustrate articles published in the annual reports and bulletins of the Bureau of American Ethnology and the United States National Museum. The material includes artwork by Mary Beth Chapman, Mary Wright Gill, Mary M. Hildebrant, Spencer Baird Nichols, and Antonio Zeno Shindler. Also included are unidentified illustrations of Near Eastern costumes, prayer positions and Mexican funerary vessels, perhaps sketched by Walter Hough, and a drawing, signed "J. T. G.", of a memorial to the daughter of Chief Spotted Tail.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 133
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Additional illustrations are held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 78-51, the records of the Bureau of American Ethnology, and the Manuscript and Pamphlet File in the Department of Anthropology records.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Paintings
Photographs
Illustrations
Citation:
Photo lot 133, Illustrations used in Bureau of American Ethnology and United States National Museum publications, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.133
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-133

W J McGee collection of Bailey Willis photographs and lithograph relating to Macas peoples

Photographer?:
Willis, Bailey, 1857-1949  Search this
Collector:
McGee, W J, 1853-1912  Search this
Extent:
6 Prints (duplicates not counted, silver gelatin)
1 Color lithograph
Culture:
Chinese  Search this
Shuar  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Prints
Color lithographs
Photographs
Place:
China
Date:
circa 1903-1904
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs and a lithograph probably collected by W J McGee during the first decade of the 20th century. The photographs were probably made by Bailey Willis during his 1903 expedition to China and were collected by W. J. McGee for his US Department of Agriculture bulletin on Soil Erosion (1911). Photos document terraced rice fields in China. The lithograph, made by Kell Brothers Lithographers and published by the Royal Anthropological Institute, may have also been collected by McGee, depicts a shrunken head made by Macas or Shuar peoples.
Biographical/Historical note:
W J McGee (1853-1912) was a self-educated geologist, anthropologist, and hydrologist best known for his work with the United States Geological Survey and the Bureau of American Ethnology. In 1883, McGee was hired as a geologist for the USGS by its director, John Wesley Powell. McGee stayed with the USGS until 1893, when he resigned to join the Bureau of American Ethnology, again under Powell. During his time with the BAE, McGee made three expeditions to southern Arizona and northern Sonora in 1894, November 1895-January 1896, and 1900. McGee resigned from the BAE in 1903 to head the anthropological and historical exhibits at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition, held the following year in St. Louis, Missouri. He later served on the Inland Waterways Commission and studied water resources of the United States for the US Department of Agriculture.

Bailey Willis (1857-1949) was an artist, traveler, geologist, and writer. After studying mechanical (1878) and civil (1879) engineering at Columbia University, he traveled and did geological work in the northwestern United States. Willis joined the United States Geological Survey in 1884 and became known for his research on the southern Appalachian mountains and eastern United States (1885-1892). In 1903-1904, Willis led the Carnegie Institute of Washington's expedition to northern China. He later became a consulting geologist to the Minister of Public Works of Argentina, professor of geology at Stanford Univeristy, and research associate of the Carnegie Institution.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 121
Location of Other Archival Materials:
The National Anthropological Archives also holds W J McGee papers, photographs, and publications, 1883-1914, 1971 (MS 2003-31). The Library of Congress holds the W J McGee papers, 1880-1916.
Additional Bailey Willis photographs and papers are held by the Huntington Library, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives, and Smithsonian Institution Archives.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Terracing  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 121, W J McGee collection of Bailey Willis photographs and lithograph relating to Macas peoples, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.121
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-121

MS 4558 Alice Cunningham Fletcher and Francis La Flesche papers

Creator:
La Flesche, Francis, 1857-1932  Search this
Fletcher, Alice C. (Alice Cunningham), 1838-1923  Search this
Correspondent:
La Flesche family  Search this
Aldrich, Charles F.  Search this
Alexander, Hartley B.  Search this
Allen, James T.  Search this
Andrews, Gleorge L.  Search this
Armstrong, S.C.  Search this
Ashley, Robert H.  Search this
Atkins, John D.C.  Search this
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942  Search this
Bowditch, Charles P. (Charles Pickering), 1842-1921  Search this
Brinton, Daniel G. (Daniel Garrison), 1837-1899  Search this
Brown, George LeRoy  Search this
Burlin, Natalie Curtis, 1875-1921  Search this
Cadman, Charles Wakefield, 1881-1946  Search this
Copley, John T.  Search this
Dall, William Healey, 1845-1927  Search this
Dawes, E.S.  Search this
Densmore, Frances, 1867-1957  Search this
Dixon, Roland Burrage, 1875-1934  Search this
Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895  Search this
Dunbar, John Brown, 1841-1914  Search this
Ellinwood, F.F.  Search this
Farabee, William Curtis, 1865-1925  Search this
Farley, Caryl E.  Search this
Farley, Rosalie La Flesche  Search this
Farwell, Arthur  Search this
Fellowes, R.S.  Search this
Fewkes, Jesse Walter, 1850-1930  Search this
Fillmore, John Comfort, 1843-1898  Search this
Fillmore, L.H.  Search this
Fillmore, Thomas Hill  Search this
Freire-Marreco, Barbara W. (Barbara Whitchurch), 1879-1967  Search this
Gay, E. Jane  Search this
Griffith, Elmer C.  Search this
Guthrie, William Norman  Search this
Hale, Horatio, 1817-1896  Search this
Hall, C.C.  Search this
Hall, Charles Lemon, 1847-1940  Search this
Hearst, Phoebe Apperson, 1842-1919  Search this
Heth, H.  Search this
Hewett, Edgar L. (Edgar Lee), 1865-1946  Search this
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Hodge, Frederick Webb, 1864-1956  Search this
Holmes, William Henry, 1846-1933  Search this
Hough, Walter, 1859-1935  Search this
Jackson, Sheldon, 1834-1909  Search this
Johnston, Catherine M.  Search this
Kincaid, William  Search this
La Flesche, Joseph  Search this
Lummis, Charles Fletcher, 1859-1928  Search this
MacCurdy, George Grant, 1863-1947  Search this
Mason, Otis T., 1838-1908  Search this
Matthews, Washington, 1843-1905  Search this
McBeth, Kate C., 1832-1915  Search this
McBeth, Sue L., -1893  Search this
McCown, S.M.  Search this
McGee, W J, 1853-1912  Search this
McGuire, Joseph D. (Joseph Deakins), 1842-1916  Search this
Mead, Frances K.  Search this
Merriam, C. Hart (Clinton Hart), 1855-1942  Search this
Merrick, Fannie  Search this
Merrick, Jessie  Search this
Moon, Karl  Search this
Moore, Homer  Search this
Morgan, Caroline S.  Search this
Morgan, John T.  Search this
Murie, James R.  Search this
Myers, John L.  Search this
Nuttal, Maria Magdalena  Search this
Pepper, George H. (George Hubbard), 1873-1924  Search this
Petter, W.H.  Search this
Pettigrew, Frederick W., 1850-1901  Search this
Picotte, Susan La Flesche  Search this
Pratt, Richard Henry, 1840-1924  Search this
Price, Hiram  Search this
Proctor, Edna Dean, 1829-1923  Search this
Putnam, F. W. (Frederic Ward), 1839-1915  Search this
Quinn, Daniel  Search this
Robertson, Alice M.  Search this
Rogers, Emily F.  Search this
Sanborn, F. B. (Franklin Benjamin), 1831-1917  Search this
Seymour, Thomas Day  Search this
Spofford, Ainsworth Rand, 1825-1908  Search this
St. Cyr, Julia  Search this
Starr, Frederick  Search this
Stuart, James  Search this
Talbot, Emily  Search this
Teller, W.J.  Search this
Thaw, William  Search this
Tozzer, Alfred M. (Alfred Marston), 1877-1954  Search this
Wallaschek, Richard  Search this
Westcott, Edith  Search this
Wilkinson, G.W.  Search this
Wilkinson, Hattie M.  Search this
Willoughby, Charles Clark  Search this
Names:
Carr, Lucien, 1829-1915  Search this
Radin, Paul, 1883-1959  Search this
Extent:
19 Linear feet (50 boxes)
Culture:
Inunaina (Arapaho)  Search this
Sioux  Search this
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Ponca  Search this
Quechua  Search this
Quapaw Indians  Search this
Ho-Chunk (Winnebago)  Search this
Mexicans  Search this
Wichita  Search this
Zapotec  Search this
Muskogee (Creek)  Search this
Apache  Search this
Cherokee  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Hitchiti Seminole  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Caddo  Search this
Biloxi Indians  Search this
Omaha  Search this
Osage  Search this
Oto  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Ajachemem (San Juan de Capistrano Luiseño)  Search this
Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
Alaska
Date:
1873-1939
Summary:
These papers reflect the professional lives of Alice Cunningham Fletcher (1838-1923), an ethnologist with the Peabody Museum of Harvard and collaborator with the Bureau of American Ethnology, and Francis La Flesche (1856-1923), an anthropologist with the Bureau of American Ethnology. Due to the close professional and personal relationship of Fletcher and La Flesche, their papers have been arranged jointly. The papers cover the period from 1874 to 1939. Included in the collection is correspondence, personal diaries, lectures, field notes and other ethnographic papers, drafts, musical transcriptions, publications by various authors, maps and photographs.
Scope and Contents:
These papers reflect the professional lives of Alice Cunningham Fletcher (1838-1923), an ethnologist with the Peabody Museum of Harvard University and collaborator with the Bureau of American Ethnology, and Francis La Flesche (1856-1923), an anthropologist with the Bureau of American Ethnology. Due to the close professional and personal relationship of Fletcher and La Flesche, their papers have been arranged jointly. The papers cover the period from 1874 to 1939. Included in the collection is correspondence, personal diaries, lectures, field notes and other ethnographic papers, drafts, musical transcriptions, publications by various authors, maps and photographs.

The papers have been divided into three general categories: the papers of Alice Cunningham Fletcher, the papers of Francis La Flesche, and the ethnographic research of Fletcher and La Flesche. The first two categories represent personal and professional materials of Fletcher and La Flesche. The third section holds the majority of the ethnographic material in the collection.

Of primary concern are Fletcher and La Flesche's ethnological investigations conducted among the Plains Indians, particularly the Omaha and Osage. Fletcher's Pawnee field research and her allotment work for the Bureau of Indian Affairs among the Omaha, Nez Perce, and Winnebago are represented in the collection. A substantial portion of the ethnographic material reflects Fletcher and La Flesche's studies of Native American music. Much of the correspondence in the papers of Fletcher and La Flesche is rich with information about the situation of Omaha peoples in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

Also included in the collection are documents related to Fletcher's work with the Archaeological Institute of America and the School for American Archaeology. Additionally, substantial amounts of Fletcher's early anthropological and historical research are found among her correspondence, lectures, anthropological notes, and early field diaries. La Flesche's literary efforts are also generously represented.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into the following 3 series: 1) Alice Cunningham Fletcher papers, 1873-1925; 2) Francis La Flesche papers, 1881-1930; 3) Papers relating to the anthropological research of Alice Fletcher and Francis La Flesche, 1877-1939.

Series 1: Alice Cunningham Fletcher papers is divided into the following 10 subseries: 1.1) Incoming correspondence, 1874-1923 (bulk 1882-1923); 1.2) Outgoing correspondence, 1873-1921; 1.3) Correspondence on specific subjects, 1881-1925; 1.4) Correspondence between Fletcher and La Flesche, 1895-1922; 1.5) Publications, 1882-1920; 1.6) Organizational records, 1904-1921; 1.7) General anthropological notes, undated; 1.8) Lectures, circa 1878-1910; 1.9) Diaries, 1881-1922; 1.10) Biography and memorabilia, 1878-1925.

Series 2: Francis La Flesche papers is divided into the following 6 subseries: 2.11) General correspondence, 1890-1929; 2.12) Correspondence on specific subjects, 1881-1930; 2.13) Publications, 1900-1927; 2.14) Literary efforts, undated; 2.15) Personal diaries, 1883-1924; 2.16) Biography and memorabilia, 1886-1930.

Series 3: Papers relating to the anthropological research of Alice Fletcher and Francis La Flesche is divided into the following 12 subseries: 3.17) Alaska, 1886-1887; 3.18) Earth lodges, 1882, 1898-1899; 3.19) Music, 1888-1918; 3.20) Nez Perce, 1889-1909; 3.21) Omaha, 1882-1922; 3.22) Osage, 1896-1939; 3.23) Pawnee, 1897-1910; 3.24) Pipes, undated; 3.25) Sioux, 1877-1896; 3.26) Other tribes, 1882-1922; 3.27) Publications collected, 1884-1905, undated; 3.28) Photographs, undated.
Biographical / Historical:
Alice Cunningham Fletcher (1838-1923) was an ethnologist with the Peabody Museum of Harvard and collaborator with the Bureau of American Ethnology. Francis La Flesche (1856-1923) was an anthropologist with the Bureau of American Ethnology.

Chronology of the Life of Alice Cunningham Fletcher

1838 March 15 -- Born in Havana, Cuba

1873-1876 -- Secretary, American Association for Advancement of Women

1879 -- Informal student of anthropology, Peabody Museum, Harvard University

1881 -- Field trip to Omaha and Rosebud Agencies

1882 -- Assistant in ethnology, Peabody Museum, Harvard University

1882 -- Helped secure land in severalty to Omaha Indians

1882-1883 -- Begins collaboration with Francis La Flesche on the Peabody Museum's collection of Omaha and Sioux artifacts

1883-1884 -- Special Agent, Bureau of Indian Affairs, Omaha Agency

1886 -- Bureau of Education investigation of Alaskan native education

1887-1888 -- Special Disbursing Agent, Bureau of Indian Affairs, Winnebago Agency

1889-1892 -- Special Agent for allotment, Bureau of Indian Affairs, Nez Perce Agency

1890-1899 -- President, Women's Anthropological Society of America

1891-1923 -- Mary Copley Thaw Fellow, Peabody Museum, Harvard University

1892-1893 -- Department of Interior consultant, World's Columbian Exposition

1896 -- Vice-President, Section H, American Association for the Advancement of Science

1897 -- Collaborator, Bureau of American Ethnology

1899-1916 -- Editorial board, American Anthropologist

1900 -- Published Indian Story and Song from North America

1901-1902 -- Advisory committee, Anthropology Department, University of California at Berkeley

1903 -- President, Anthropological Society of Washington

1904 -- Published The Hako: A Pawnee Ceremony with James Murie

1904 -- Member, ethnology section, Louisiana Purchase Exposition

1905 -- President, American Folk-lore Society

1908-1913 -- Chair, Managing Committee of School of American Archaeology

1911 -- Honorary Vice-President, Section H, British Association for Advancement of Science

1911 -- Published The Omaha Tribe with Francis La Flesche

1913 -- Chair Emeritus, Managing Committee of School of American Archaeology

1915 -- Published Indian Games and Dances with Native Songs Arranged from American Indian Ceremonials and Sports

1923 April 6 -- Died in Washington, D.C.

Chronology of the Life of Francis La Flesche

1857 December 25 -- Born on Omaha Reservation near Macy, Nebraska

1879 -- Lecture tour, Ponca chief Standing Bear

1881 -- Interpreter, Senate Committee on Indian Affairs

1881-1910 -- Clerk, Bureau of Indian Affairs

1891 -- Informally adopted as Fletcher's son

1892 -- LL.B., National University Law School

1893 -- LL.M., National University Law School

1900 -- Published The Middle Five: Indian Boys at School

1906-1908 -- Marriage to Rosa Bourassa

1910-1929 -- Ethnologist, Bureau of American Ethnology

1911 -- Published The Omaha Tribe with Alice Fletcher

1921 -- Published The Osage Tribe, Part One

1922 -- Member, National Academy of Sciences

1922-1923 -- President, Anthropological Society of Washington

1925 -- Published The Osage Tribe, Part Two

1926 -- Honorary Doctor of Letters, University of Nebraska

1928 -- Published The Osage Tribe, Part Three

1932 -- Published Dictionary of the Osage Language

1932 September 5 -- Died in Thurston County, Nebraska

1939 -- Posthumous publication of War Ceremony and Peace Ceremony of the Osage Indians
Related Materials:
Additional material related to the professional work of Fletcher and La Flesche in the National Anthropological Archives may be found among the correspondence of the Bureau of American Ethnology (BAE) and the records of the Anthropological Society of Washington.

Sound recordings made by Fletcher and La Flesche can be found at the Library of Congress. The National Archives Records Administration hold the Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA), including those relating to allotments in severalty for the Nez Perce by Alice Fletcher. The Nebraska Historical Society has diaries, letters and clippings regarding the La Flesche family, including correspondence of Francis La Flesche and Fletcher. The Radcliffe College Archives holds a manuscript account of Alice Fletcher's four summers with the Nez Perce (1889-1892). Correspondence between Fletcher and F. W. Putnam is also located at the Peabody Museum Archives of Harvard University.
Separated Materials:
Ethnographic photographs from the collection have been catalogued by tribe in Photo Lot 24.

Glass plate negatives from the collection have been catalogued by tribe in the BAE glass negatives collection (Negative Numbers 4439-4515).
Provenance:
The papers of Alice Cunningham Fletcher and Francis La Flesche have been received from an undocumented number of sources. Portions of Fletcher's ethnographic papers were donated to the archives by Mrs. G. David Pearlman in memory of her husband in 1959.
Restrictions:
The Alice Cunningham Fletcher and Francis La Flesche papers are open for research.

Access to the Alice Cunningham Fletcher and Francis La Flesche papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Pipes -- American Indian  Search this
Earth houses  Search this
Music -- American Indian  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4558 Alice Cunningham Fletcher and Francis La Flesche papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4558
See more items in:
MS 4558 Alice Cunningham Fletcher and Francis La Flesche papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4558
Online Media:

Letter to F. W. Hodge

Creator:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Hodge, Frederick Webb, 1864-1956  Search this
Names:
Kroeber, A. L. (Alfred Louis), 1876-1960  Search this
McGee, W J, 1853-1912  Search this
Collection Collector:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Culture:
Seri  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
February 25, 1915
Scope and Contents:
Concerning Alfred Kroeberʹs criticism of Hewitt and W. J. McGeeʹs failure to include Seri in the Yuman stock.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1647(9)
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 1647, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 1647 Miscellaneous materials by Hewitt and others
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms1647-ref11

Letter to W. J. McGee

Creator:
Thomas, Cyrus, 1825-1910  Search this
Addressee:
McGee, W J, 1853-1912  Search this
Names:
Gatschet, Albert S. (Albert Samuel), 1832-1907  Search this
Collection Collector:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Culture:
Subhina  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
April 30, 1900
Scope and Contents:
Asking for information from A. S. Gatschet concerning the Subhina of Central America.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1647(37)
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 1647, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 1647 Miscellaneous materials by Hewitt and others
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms1647-ref34

Letters to W. J. McGee

Creator:
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942  Search this
Addressee:
McGee, W J, 1853-1912  Search this
Names:
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Collection Collector:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
May 11, 1897; June 10, 1898; April 13, 1903
Scope and Contents:
Concerning various matters and including references to John R. Swanton.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1647(39)
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 1647, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 1647 Miscellaneous materials by Hewitt and others
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms1647-ref35

Letter to W. J. McGee

Creator:
Thomas, Cyrus, 1825-1910  Search this
Addressee:
McGee, W J, 1853-1912  Search this
Collection Collector:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
March 10, 1902
Scope and Contents:
Discussing plans to move to Washington and hopes to continue work.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1647(36)
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 1647, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 1647 Miscellaneous materials by Hewitt and others
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms1647-ref37

Draft of review of G. Frederick Wright's Man and the Glacial Period

Creator:
McGee, W J, 1853-1912  Search this
Names:
Wright, George Frederick  Search this
Collection Collector:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
ca. 1892
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1647(38)
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 1647, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 1647 Miscellaneous materials by Hewitt and others
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms1647-ref38

Letter to W.J. McGee

Creator:
Larrabee, W.  Search this
Addressee:
McGee, W J, 1853-1912  Search this
Collection Collector:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
October 23, 1893
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1647 (40)
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 1647, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 1647 Miscellaneous materials by Hewitt and others
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms1647-ref41

MS 1160-a Seri vocabulary

Creator:
McGee, W J, 1853-1912  Search this
Collection Creator:
McGee, W J, 1853-1912  Search this
Leon, A. Alvernar, Sr. (interpreter)  Search this
Gatschet, Albert S. (Albert Samuel), 1832-1907  Search this
Collection Informant:
Ma-schem  Search this
Estorga, Francisco  Search this
Carmelita  Search this
Extent:
10 Pages
Culture:
Seri  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
November 2-3, 1894
Scope and Contents:
Includes "Seri Numerals" from W.J. McGee, [Francisco] Pimental, [A.L.] Pinart, and [J.R.] Bartlett. No date. Typescript document. Cover of Seri vocabulary is titled, in J.N.B. Hewitt's handwriting, "Copy of a portion of the Seri Vocabulary obtained by W J Mc Gee, November 2-3, 1894;" this is a copy from Seri Manuscript Number 1106. "Seri Numerals" includes Seri and also Cochimi and Laimon words for "one" and "two."
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1106-a
Local Note:
typescript document
Other Title:
Seri Numerals
Topic:
Numbers -- Seri  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Mexico  Search this
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 1106, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 1106 Seri vocabulary in Powell's Introduction to the Study of Indian Languages
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms1106-ref1

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