McDonnell Douglas KC-10 Extender Family [Documents]
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division. Search this
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Reading Room at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Research Request.
This collection consists of approximately 1.35 cubic feet of material relating to the McDonnell Douglas DC-10 and its predecessor aircraft models DC-8 and DC-9. The material includes photographs, sketches, publications, and technical reports. Many of the photographs portray interior mock-ups or models, including concepts that were not built. The collection also includes two sets of lithographs depicting various McDonnell Douglas aircraft models.
Biographical / Historical:
The McDonnell Douglas DC-10 is a three-engine jet airliner designed for medium to long range flights. Production began in 1968 and 368 commercial DC-10s were delivered before production ended in 1989. A total of six commercial models of the DC-10 were developed. The first, the Series 10, entered scheduled airline service for American Airlines and United Airlines in August 1971. Series 30 and Series 40 models with intercontinental range were introduced in 1972. The DC-10CF (convertible freighter) followed in 1973 and could be arranged to accommodate either passengers or cargo. In 1979, Series 15 was introduced with a combination of smaller airframe and more powerful engines for optimal performance in high-altitude airports in hot climates. Finally, Federal Express ordered the McDonnell Douglas DC-10 Series 30F, an all-cargo aircraft, which went into service in 1986. The DC-10 family of aircraft were designed with roomy cabin interiors and sophisticated climate control and pressurization systems allowing for separate temperature controls in different parts of the aircraft. They were also specifically designed to use existing airport facilities and to have quieter operation. The McDonnell Douglas KC-10 Extender was a military variant of the DC-10 and 60 of them were built and delivered to the U.S. Air Force between March 1981 and November 1988. Donald A. Gerds was a senior concept interior designer for Douglas Aircraft Company who worked on the DC series of aircraft.
Donald A. Gerds, Gift, 2013
No restrictions on access.
This collection consists of 17 cubic feet of papers relating to the life and career of astronaut Pamela A. Melroy.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of 17 cubic feet of correspondence, memoranda, reports, checklists, manuals, notes, photographs, brochures, pamphlets, programs, newsletters, newspaper and magazine articles, and related training materials created or collected by Pamela A. Melroy over the course of her life and career. This material is particularly rich in materials documenting her NASA astronaut career, but also includes significant insight into her USAF career and material relating to her childhood and college years.
No final arrangement as collection has not been fully processed; box listing is available.
Biographical / Historical:
Pamela Ann Melroy (Col., USAF, Ret.), had a distinguished 26-year career as a pilot in the US Air Force and NASA's Shuttle-era astronaut corps. Melroy is one of only two women to command spaceflight missions, and she is one of the earliest women to fly combat missions, graduate from USAF Test Pilot School, and serve as a military test pilot. Melroy graduated with a Bachelor of Arts degree in Physics and Astronomy from Wellesley College, 1983 and a Master of Science degree in Earth and Planetary Sciences from Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1984. Melroy joined the Air Force ROTC program, becoming Cadet Wing Commander and Top Graduate, in 1983. She entered the US Air Force, completed flight training in 1985, and received assignments to fly the McDonnell Douglas KC-10 refueling tanker aircraft. She flew combat missions and supported combat operations in Operation Just Cause and Operation Desert Storm/Desert Shield (1990-1991). She then graduated from Air Force Test Pilot School at Edwards AFB and was assigned to evaluate the C-17 transport aircraft, setting eleven world records in that effort. Rising to the rank of major, serving as aircraft commander and instructor, and flying more than 50 different aircraft, Melroy attained the experience needed to compete for selection as a NASA pilot astronaut. NASA selected Melroy in 1995 in astronaut Class XV. She completed training and technical assignments and flew her first mission as pilot on STS-92 (Discovery) in 2000, attaining the rank of colonel upon completing delivery and installation of the Z1 truss on the International Space Station. Her second flight, STS-112 (Atlantis), occurred in 2002, for delivery and installation of the third ISS truss segment. Melroy then was selected for two very significant roles in the wake of the STS-107 Columbia tragedy in 2003. She first served as Lead for the Crew Module/Crew Equipment recovery and reconstruction effort, and then co-led the subsequent Columbia Crew Survival Investigation Study and resultant published report (NASA SP 2008-565). Melroy's third and final shuttle mission was STS-120 (Discovery) to deliver Node 2 (Harmony) to the International Space Station in 2007. In addition, it included a technically challenging unplanned repair of damaged solar arrays. This mission marked the first time that two spacecraft in orbit simultaneously were commanded by women, Melroy on the shuttle and Peggy Whitson on the space station. Melroy's final assignment before retiring from NASA in 2009 was Chief of the Orion branch of the Astronaut Office, working on development of the next crew vehicle. Upon leaving NASA, she became involved in developing regulations for commercial spaceflight and other pursuits.
Pam Melroy, Gift, 2018, NASM.2018.0034
No restrictions on access