Photographs and correspondence relating to Eugene Dutcher's experiences as a missionary at the Epworth Piegan Mission in Montana. They include images of the mission church and missionaries' homes, as well as scenic views, ranch scenes, railroads and bridges. There are also images of Piegan people, including "Mrs. Four Horns," Charley Lazyboy, and Jim White Calf, as well as images of camps and a Sun Dance. Some photographs were made by Thomas B. Magee of Browning, Montana, and one photograph is by A. B. Coe.
Eugene S. Dutcher (born ca. 1862) was the first Methodist missionary at the Epworth Piegan Mission in Montana. He arrived there in 1892-1893 with his wife, Mary Bishop, when the mission was under the sponsorship of the Woman's National Indian Association. In July 1894, the mission was transferred to the Methodist church and placed under the administration of the Missionary Society. The Dutchers moved to Nebraska in 1898. Eugene Dutcher may have learned photography from Walter McClintock, a professional photographer who took numerous photographs of Blackfoot Indians in Montana.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 92-9, USNM ACC 390845
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Dutcher's collection of Piegan artifacts, donated along with this collection, held in the Department of Anthropology collections in accession 390845.
Additional photographs by Magee held in the National Anthropological Archives in the BAE historical negatives.
Additional photographs by Coe held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 24.
The collection consists of photographs relating to Native Americans, which were submitted to the copyright office of the Library of Congress in and around the early 20th century. Many of the photographs are studio portraits as well as photographs made as part of expeditions and railroad surveys. It includes images of people, dwellings and other structures, agriculture, arts and crafts, burials, ceremonies and dances, games, food preparation, transportation, and scenic views. Some of the photographs were posed to illustrate literary works, including Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's Hiawatha, while others depict paintings or other artwork.
Collection is organized alphabetically by copyright claimant.
The collection was formed from submissions made to the Library of Congress as part of the copyright registration process. In 1949, arrangements were made to allow the Bureau of American Ethnology to copy the collection and some negatives were made at that time, largely from the Heyn and Matzen photographs. The project was soon abandoned, however, as too large an undertaking for the facilities of the BAE. In 1957-1958, arrangements were begun by William C. Sturtevant of the BAE to transfer a set of the photographs from the Library of Congress to the BAE.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 59
In 1965, the Bureau merged with the Smithsonian's Department of Anthropology to form the Smithsonian Office of Anthropology, and in 1968 the Office of Anthropology Archives transformed into the National Anthropological Archives.
The collection is open for research.
Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Photo Lot 59, Library of Congress Copyright Office photograph collection of Native Americans, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution