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Eskimo Mask . . Western Alaska

Artist:
Louis Siegriest, born Oakland, CA 1899-Berkeley, CA 1990  Search this
Medium:
screenprint on paper
Dimensions:
sheet: 36 1/8 x 25 1/4 in. (91.6 x 64.0 cm)
Type:
Graphic Arts-Print
Date:
1939
Topic:
Ethnic\Indian\Eskimo  Search this
Dress\costume\mask  Search this
New Deal\Works Progress Administration, Federal Art Project  Search this
Object\written matter\poster  Search this
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of Ralph H. Lewis
Object number:
1973.23.4
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Graphic Arts
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/vk729cc099d-0b42-4f5a-8de5-944400d5b6fe
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_1973.23.4

Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs

Creator:
Maertz, J.F., Department Store (Milwaukee, Wis.).  Search this
Stanley-Brown, Joseph, 1858-1941  Search this
Keystone View Company  Search this
Rau, William H.  Search this
Extent:
8 Cubic feet ((29 boxes))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Stereographs
Lantern slides
Place:
Milwaukee (Wis.)
California
Date:
1887-1930
bulk 1900-1930
Summary:
Collection consists of lantern slides and stereographs produced by several companies: Keystone View Company, Better America Lecture Service, Incorporated, American Press Association, J. Stanley-Brown, William H. Rau, and J. F. Maertz Department Store. The lantern slides were primarily intended to be used for educational presentations about the United States, other countries, history, and society. Many of the slides and stereographs are accompanied by descriptive text and in some instances by small cards--one card for each slide--and in other instances directly on the back of a stereoview. The majority of images were taken from 1900 to 1930.
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of lantern slides and stereographs primarily designed for use in audio-visual educational presentations about the United States, other countries, history, and society. Many of the slides and stereographs are accompanied by descriptive text. In some instances on small cards--one card for each slide-- and in other instances printed directly on the back of a stereoview. A few of the lantern slides, particularly the ones of the J. F. Maertz Department Store of Milwaukee, Wisconsin, are advertisements for consumer products. The majority were taken from 1890 through 1930. While the collection as a whole is in good general condition, some lantern slides, stereographs, and text cards are missing, and some of the lantern slides are cracked.

The collection will appeal to researchers examining the course of nineteenth-century social history broadly, especially how lantern slides were marketed to educators to teach geography, social studies, science, history and reading. The lantern slides as artifacts will be of interest to those who study material culture.

Series 1, Keystone View Company Lantern Slides and Stereographs, undated, is divided into seven subseries: Subseries 1, #1-#600, undated; Subseries 2, H-1 to H-300; Subseries 3, Biblical, undated; Subseries 4, Santa Barbara, California, undated; Subseries 5, Roads, undated; and Subseries 6, Miscellaneous, undated.

The series depicts scenes from around the United States and the rest of the world. Each image is intended to be characteristic of its location and in most cases is accompanied by a text card that describes the scene and gives the geographic coordinates (latitude and longitude) of the location. Many of the glass lantern slides have corresponding stereoviews and in these instances two box numbers are given.

Subseries 1, #1-#600, undated, is arranged in order by the numbers on the image. Views #1-261 are arranged in a rough geographic order beginning in Maine and proceeding down the Atlantic Coast, through the former Confederate states, into the Midwest and Plains states, the mountain West states and the West coast, and ending in the territories of Alaska and Hawaii and the Panama Canal. Views #262-346 begin in eastern Canada, proceed across Canada and move through Mexico and Central America into the Caribbean, thence the length of South America and the Antarctic. Views #347-554 begin in the British Isles and move through Northern and Southern Europe and into Central Europe and then Russia, the Middle East, South Asia, and the Far East. Views #556-592 begin in North Africa and cover the length of the continent and a few areas in the Pacific. The series concludes with views of several planets, President McKinley reviewing Civil War heroes (1899), and the work of a Mexican artist (1900).

Subseries 2, H-1 to H-300, undated, is arranged in order by the numbers on the image. H-1 to H-258 depict scenes and sites of American history beginning with several images of indigenous peoples and proceeding, roughly chronologically, through major events and locations to about 1925. Images H-259 to H-300 document a range of localities and activities across the country in the mid-1920s, including major buildings in Washington, D.C., industrial activities, and modern agricultural practices.

Subseries 3, Biblical, undated, shows religious art works and rural scenes.

Subseries 4, Santa Barbara, California, undated, contains two images. One is pastoral with a Franscican friar, the other a fountain.

Subseries 5, Roads, undated, includes three images of roads, one with a person on horseback, the other two depicting wagons.

Subseries 6, Miscellaneous, undated, contains lithoprint stereographs, each with a short description, depicting scenes such as landmarks in the United States; news events in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries; warfare; domestic scenes and scenes of foreign countries.

Series 2, Hillis Better America Lecture Service lantern slides, undated, is divided into 12 subseries: Subseries 1, Ability Lecture Slides, undated; Subseries 2, Bolshevism Lecture Slides, undated; Subseries 3, Builders Lecture Slides, undated; Subseries 4, Equality Lecture Slides, undated; Subseries 5, Fathers Lecture Slides, undated; Subseries 7, General Lecture Slides, undated; Subseries 8, Poverty Lecture Slides, undated; Subseries 9, Property Lecture Slides, undated; Subseries 10, Republic Lecture Slides, undated; Subseries 11, Socialism Lecture Slides, undated; and Subseries 12, Miscellaneous Lecture Slides, undated.

This series consists of lantern slides produced by Newell Dwight Hillis' Better America Lecture Service Incorporated. Newell Dwight Hillis (1858-1929), was a noted clergyman, lecturer and author. The Better American Lecture Service sought to make better Americans and to inspire greater loyalty to American institutions. Better America Lecture Service rented the lecture manuscript and slides to churches, societies, schools, and patriotic organizations. Slides were sent in a tin box and contained suggestions for publicity arrangements. (Nevada Educational Bulletin, December 1920).

Hillis published more than twenty volumes including collections of his sermons, inspirational works, and a novel. In addition, many of Hillis addresses were published and distributed as pamphlets. The slides were intended to be used for lectures on subjects such as socialism and equality. The slides generally consist of text, drawings, images of persons, paintings, and landscapes. A few slides in each set are missing, and there is no text accompanying any of the slides. The series is arranged into twelve subseries alphabetically by topic.

Series 3, American Press Association lantern slides, undated, is divided into ten subseries: Subseries 1, General Images, undated; Subseries 2, Coffins and soliders, undated; Subseries 3, Mexican War, undated; Subseries 4, Niagara Falls Conference, undated; Subseries 5, Pancho Villa and Major Gonzales, undated; Subseries 6, Parade, undated; Subseries 7, Refugees, undated; Subseries 8, Warships, undated; Subseries 9, West Virginia Mine Explosion, undated; and Subseries 10, Women March for Votes (Suffrage), undated.

The series consists of lantern slides from the American Press Association depicting news events from early twentieth century history (e.g., Mexican War; Ludlow Colorado strike; suffragettes; Gettysburg veterans; various ship disasters). Each slide has a caption with a brief description of the scene. Many slides are cracked; one is completely broken and is in a folded paper. There are also approximately fifty slides with scenes of events associated with the Mexican-American War, most with short captions identifying the scenes. Many of these slides are cracked.

Series 4, J. F. Maertz Department Stores advertisement lantern slides, early 1920s, is divided into thirteen subseries: Subseries 1, Bathrooms, undated; Subseries 2, Children's shoes and clothing, undated; Subseries 3, Dress goods, undated; Subseries 4, Dress patterns, undated; Subseries 5, Hosiery, undated; Subseries 6, House furnishings, undated; Subseries 7, House wares, undated; Subseries 8, Ladies' Home Journal, undated; Subseries 9, Shoes, undated; Subseries 10, Store advertising, undated; Subseries 11, Underwear, undated; Subseries 12, Women's clothing, undated; and Subseries 13, Miscellaneous, undated.

The series consists of lantern slides showing advertisements used in J.F. Maertz Department Store catalogs for consumer goods. Slides are categorized by type of goods, including children's shoes and clothes, bathroom needs, dress patterns, men's wear, shoes, house furnishings, house wares, Ladies' Home Journal, and underwear.

Series 5, J. Stanley-Brown and E. H. Harriman lantern slides, undated, is divided into nineteen subseries: Subseries 1, Alaska-California scenes, undated; Subseries 2, Animal life, undated; Subseries 3, Artifacts, undated; Subseries 4, California/Franciscan life, undated; Subseries 5, California Indians, undated; Subseries 6, California mission exteriors, undated; Subseries 7, California mission interiors, undated; Subseries 8, Eskimos,undated; Subseries 9, Franciscans, undated; Subseries 10, Indians, undated; Subseries 11, Landscapes, undated; Subseries 12, Maps, undated; Subseries 13, Mission interiors, undated; Subseries 14, Seascapes, undated; Subseries 15, General images (#1-7;10), undated; Subseries 16, General images (#11-14; 16-17; 19-20), undated; Subseries 17, General images (#21-30), undated; Subseries 18, General images (#31-33; 36-40), undated; and Subseries 19, General images (#42; 45-50), undated.

The series contains lantern slides, each labeled with the names of distributors, "J. Stanley-Brown, 1318 Massachusetts Avenue, Washington, D.C. and E.H. Harriman, 1 East, 55th Street, New York." The slides, some with captions, depict maps; landscapes; seascapes; Eskimos; animal life; Franciscan dwellings; Indians of California; California missions and Franciscan life. There are slides depicting various scenes of California missions and scenes of indigenous Alaskans. Some slides are cracked.

Series 6, Miscellaneous Stereographs, 1894-1907, is divided into seventeen subseries: Subseries 1, American Series, 1887; Subseries 2, C.H. Graves Publisher, 1907; Subseries 3, Griffith and Griffith, 1894; Subseries 4, Pesko Binocular Company, 1907; Subseries 5, William H. Rau Publisher,undated; Subseries 6, Domestic scenes,undated; Subseries 7, Military, undated; Subseries 8, Miscellaneous, undated; Subseries 9, Places--Asia, undated; Subseries 10, Places--Cuba, undated; Subseries 11, Places--Egypt, undated; Subseries 12, Places--France, undated; Subseries 13, PLaces--Germany, undated; Subseries 14, Places--Italy, undated; Subseries 15, Places--Monte Carlo, undated; Subseries 16, Places-- Palestine, undated; and Subseries 17, Places--United States, undated.

The series consists of lantern slides and stereoviews from distributors that include the American Series; Griffith and Griffith; Pesko Binocular Company; William H. Rau Publisher; and the Universal Photo Art Company.

The stereographs related to domestic and military issues and geography are dated circa 1905, and copyrighted by H. C. White, and distrbuted by World Series.

The stereo views produced by William H. Rau, a publisher in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, show parades and other ceremonies at Grand Army of the Republic (GAR) encampments and Elks conventions held in Philadelphia. The Grand Army of the Republic (GAR) was a fraternal organization composed of veterans of the Union Army who served in the American Civil War.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into six series.

Series 1: Keystone View Company Lantern Slides and Stereographs, undated

Subseries 1, #1-#600, undated

Subseries 2, H-1 to H-300, undated

Subseries 3, Biblical, undated

Subseries 4, Santa Barbara, California, undated

Subseries 5, Roads, undated

Subseries 6, Miscellaneous, undated

Series 2, Hillis Better America Lecture Service Lantern Slides, undated

Subseries 1, Ability Lecture Slides, undated

Subseries 2, Bolshevism Lecture Slides, undated

Subseries 3, Builders Lecture Slides, undated

Subseries 4, Equality Lecture Slides, undated

Subseries 5, Ftahers Lecture Slides, undated

Subseries 7, General Lecture Slides, undated

Subseries 8, Poverty Lecture Slides, undated

Subseries 9, Property Lecture Slides, undated

Subseries 10, Republic Lecture Slides, undated

Subseries 11, Socialism Lecture Slides, undated

Subseries 12, Miscellaneous Lecture Slides, undated

Series 3, American Press Association Lantern Slides, undated

Subseries 1, General Images, undated

Subseries 2, Coffins and Soliders, undated

Subseries 3, Mexican War, undated

Subseries 4, Niagara Falls Conference, undated

Subseries 5, Pancho Villa and Major Gonzales, undated

Subseries 6, Parade, undated

Subseries 7, Refugees, undated

Subseries 8, Warships, undated

Subseries 9, West Virginia Mine Explosion, undated

Subseries 10, Women March for Votes (Suffrage), undated

Series 4, J. F. Maertz Department Store Advertisement Lantern Slides, early 1920s

Subseries 1, Bathrooms, undated

Subseries 2, Children's shoes and clothing, undated

Subseries 3, Dress goods, undated

Subseries 4, Dress patterns, undated

Subseries 5, Hosiery, undated

Subseries 6, House furnishings, undated

Subseries 7, House wares, undated

Subseries 8, Ladies' Home Journal, undated

Subseries 9, Shoes, undated

Subseries 10, Store advertising, undated

Subseries 11, Underwear, undated

Subseries 12, Women's clothing, undated

Subseries 13, Miscellaneous, undated

Series 5, J. Stanley-Brown and E.H. Harriman lantern slides, undated

Subseries 1, Alaska-California scenes, undated

Subseries 2, Animal life, undated

Subseries 3, Artifacts, undated

Subseries 4, California/Franciscan life, undated

Subseries 5, California Indians, undated

Subseries 6, California mission exteriors, undated

Subseries 7, California mission interiors, undated

Subseries 8, Eskimos, undated

Subseries 9, Franciscans, undated

Subseries 10, Indians, undated

Subseries 11, Landscapes, undated

Subseries 12, Maps, undated

Subseries 13, Mission interiors, undated

Subseries 14, Seascapes, undated

Subseries 15, General images (#1-7;10), undated

Subseries 16, General images (#11-14; 16-17; 19-20), undated

Subseries 17, General images (#21-30), undated

Subseries 18, General images (#31-33; 36-40), undated

Subseries 19, General images (#42; 45-50), undated

Series 6, Miscellaneous Stereographs, 1887-1907

Subseries 1, American Series, 1887

Subseries 2, C.H. Graves Publisher, 1907

Subseries 3, Griffith and Griffith, 1894

Subseries 4, Pesko Binocular Company, 1907

Subseries 5, William H. Rau Publisher, undated

Subseries 6, Domestic scenes, undated

Subseries 7, Military, undated

Subseries 8, Places-Asia, undated

Subseries 9, Places-Cuba, undated

Subseries 10, Places-Egypt, undated

Subseries 11, Places-France, undated

Subseries 12, Places-Germany, undated

Subseries 13, Places-Italy, undated

Subseries 14, Places-Monte Carlo, undated

Subseries 6.15, Palestine, undated

Subseries 6.16, Places-United States, undated

Subseries 6.17: Miscellaneous, undated
Historical:
Lantern slides are hand-drawn, painted, or photographic images on glass, intended for viewing by projection; often made in sets. Photographic lantern slides were introduced in the United States by 1850 and popular through World War I; commonly 3.25 x 4 in. (9 x 10 cm.) with a black paper mask, a cover glass, and taped edges. Thesaurus of Graphic Materials

Stereographs consist of two nearly identical photographs or photomechanical prints, paired to produce the illusion of a single three-dimensional image, usually when viewed through a stereoscope. Typically, the images are on card mounts, but they take the form of daguerreotypes, glass negatives, or other processes. Stereographs were first made in the 1850s and are still made today. They were most popular between 1870 and 1920.

In 1851 stereo daguerreotypes were exhibited for the first time to the general public at the London International Exhibition (Crystal Palace). Shortly thereafter, American photographers began making stereographs. One of the first American photographic firms to produce stereographs was the team of William and Frederick Langenheim. The Library owns a set of their early stereoviews of American cities on the East Coast.

By 1860 both amateur photographers and publishing firms were making stereographs. The major stereo publishers sold their views by mail order, door-to-door salesmen, and in stores. Stereographs were sold individually and in boxed sets.

Stereographs are usually mounted. They were typically published with caption information printed under the image or on the back of the mount. The mount also provided information about the publisher, photographer, and sometimes the series or a list of views available from the photographer or publisher.

Stereographs were collected by many middle-class families in the late 19th century. People acquired stereographs of tourist sites they had visited, as well as exotic locales that they would only experience through the wonder of the stereoscope. Viewing stereographs was a common activity, much like watching television or going to the movies today. Stereoviews were also used as an education tool in classrooms. (Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Online Catalog, Stereograph Format)

The Division of Cultural History at the National Museum of American History assembled a collection of miscellaneous lantern slides and stereographs beginning in 1943. Other collection contents were acquired over many years in unrecorded transactions.

Several distributors and publishers of stereographic images are represented in the collection. One of the most prominent was the Keystone View Company of Meadville, Pennsylvania. Founded by Benneville Lloyd Singley (d.1938), a former Underwood & Underwood salesman, Keystone became a major distributor of stereographic images. From 1892 through 1963 it produced and distributed both educational and comic/sentimental stereoviews and stereoscopes used to see the images in 3-D. By 1905 it was the world's largest stereographic company. In 1963 Department A (stereoviews sold to individual families) and the education departments were closed, but Keystone continued to manufacture eye-training stereographic products as a subsidiary of Mast Development Company. In 1972 Mast closed the Meadville manufacturing site.

All of Keystone's manufacturing was done in Meadville, but branch offices were in New York, St. Louis, San Francisco, Portland, Oregon, Chicago, Toronto, Canada and London, England. Salesmen and photographers were scattered around the world, and the company offered 20,000 different views.

Selling stereoviews and lantern slides to schools was a field pioneered by Underwood & Underwood, and for several years Underwood & Underwood and Keystone were competitors for the growing educational market. According to the 1953 Keystone Sales Manual the more aggressive sales methods and the more progressive editorial policies of the Keystone View Company soon made it the acknowledged leader in the industry, and Underwood & Underwood decided to give up the contest.

Between 1915 and 1921 Keystone View Company purchased the negatives of nearly all of its competitors. They also continued to have staff photographers travel the world, so that by 1935 Keystone had approximately two million stereoscopic negatives.

Keystone View Company produced stereographic sets up through the mid-twentieth century, and had a stereoscopic photographer on staff until at least 1955.

References

Thesaurus of Graphic Materials, (2007), http://www.loc.gov/rr/print/tgm1/ (accessed February 10, 2011).

Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Online Catalog, Stereograph Format, http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/stereo/background.html (accessed February 14, 2011).
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center, National Museum of American History

Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, 1895-1921, (AC0143)

Other Institutions with Materials

University of California, Riverside/California Museum of Photography

George Eastman House

Temple University

Brooklyn Historical Society
Provenance:
Donated to the Department of Anthropology, United States National Museum by Mrs. Joseph Stanley-Brown, through Mrs. Herbert Feis, in 1943.

The Division of Cultural History (now Division of Cultural and Community Life) at the National Museum of American History assembled a collection of miscellaneous lantern slides and stereographs beginning in 1943. Other collection contents were acquired over many years in unrecorded transactions. An unknown portion of the collection transferred to the Archives Center, date unknown.
Restrictions:
Collection open for research on site by appointment. Unprotected lantern slides and stereographs must be handled with gloves.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: reproduction fees may apply.
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Stereographs -- 1900-1950
Stereographs -- 1900-1910
Photographs -- Lantern slides -- 1900-1950
Lantern slides
Citation:
Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs, dates, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0945
See more items in:
Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0945
Online Media:

Carved Face, Ivory Ornament

Donor Name:
Edward W. Nelson  Search this
Length:
3.5 cm
Culture:
Eskimo  Search this
Object Type:
Mask
Place:
St. Lawrence Island, Bering Sea, Alaska, United States, North America
Accession Date:
9 Feb 1882
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
82A00003
USNM Number:
E63357-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/366842a1b-5a13-4146-ab17-9e9815b0420a
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8470672
Online Media:

Mask - Bear Spirit 1

Donor Name:
Edward W. Nelson  Search this
Culture:
Eskimo  Search this
Object Type:
Mask
Place:
Sabotnisky, Yukon River, Lower, Alaska, United States, North America
Accession Date:
9 Feb 1882
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
82A00003
USNM Number:
E48983-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3a361c394-bcf0-46eb-8b3c-0e9684b632ad
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8467508
Online Media:

Bucket Or Box Handle

Donor Name:
Mary M. Walcott  Search this
Length - Object:
18.2 cm
Culture:
Old Bering Sea  Search this
Object Type:
Handle
Place:
Teller Quad / Diomede Islands, Alaska / Siberia / Bering Strait, United States / Russia, North America
Accession Date:
28 Jan 1936
Topic:
Archaeology  Search this
Accession Number:
137455
USNM Number:
A377352-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/344235b66-4856-480a-ad00-7536855ce56f
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8120525
Online Media:

Funerary mask (Image withheld)

Culture/People:
Kuskwogmiut Yup'ik (Kuskokwim Eskimo)  Search this
Collector:
George Byron Gordon (George B. Gordon/G. B. Gordon), Non-Indian, 1870-1927  Search this
Previous owner:
Free Museum of Science and Art (University of Pennsylvania Museum) (University Museum, University of Pennsylvania)  Search this
Object Name:
Funerary mask (Image withheld)
Media/Materials:
Wood
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Ceremonial/Ritual items
Place:
Kuskokwim River; Calista Native Corporation, Doyon Native Corporation; Alaska; USA
Catalog Number:
1/6823
Barcode:
016823.000
See related items:
Kuskwogmiut Yup'ik (Kuskokwim Eskimo)
Ceremonial/Ritual items
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6ed61dbcb-188b-4886-aa87-fdfe9036089c
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_17543

Mask

Culture/People:
Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo)  Search this
Object Name:
Mask
Media/Materials:
Wood
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Masks and Masking
Place:
Kotzebue Sound; NANA Native Corporation; Alaska; USA
Catalog Number:
18/8624
Barcode:
188624.000
See related items:
Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo)
Masks and Masking
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6eab615e3-fa48-4603-a552-23ba0b601c14
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_201611
Online Media:

Mask

Culture/People:
Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo) [Kinugumiut/Kingegan/Cape Prince of Wales]  Search this
Object Name:
Mask
Media/Materials:
Wood
Techniques:
Carved, painted
Object Type:
Masks and Masking
Place:
Cape Prince of Wales; Bering Straits Native Corporation; Alaska; USA
Catalog Number:
18/8638
Barcode:
188638.000
See related items:
Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo) [Kinugumiut/Kingegan/Cape Prince of Wales]
Masks and Masking
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6fcb955b7-b328-4b8a-b07c-2b2864722bd9
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_201625
Online Media:

Mask

Culture/People:
probably Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo) (attributed)  Search this
Object Name:
Mask
Media/Materials:
Wood
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Masks and Masking
Place:
Bering Strait; Bering Straits Native Corporation; Alaska; USA
Catalog Number:
7/4277
Barcode:
074277.000
See related items:
Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo)
Masks and Masking
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws65e3e2c19-d75e-4fb9-bd71-b4aa073d3a1a
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_80010
Online Media:

Mask

Culture/People:
Yup'ik (Yupik Eskimo)  Search this
Object Name:
Mask
Media/Materials:
Wood, animal bladder, seal gut/intestines, willow, beach grass/rye grass, bird quills
Techniques:
Carved, painted
Dimensions:
70.2 x 16.8 x 12.4 cm
Object Type:
Masks and Masking
Place:
Goodnews Bay; Calista Native Corporation; Alaska; USA
Catalog Number:
12/893
Barcode:
120893.000
See related items:
Yup'ik (Yupik Eskimo)
Masks and Masking
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws656171a2f-8d45-4a98-b9f9-be3e4523950e
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_130175
Online Media:

Mask

Culture/People:
Yup'ik (Yupik Eskimo)  Search this
Object Name:
Mask
Media/Materials:
Wood
Techniques:
Carved, painted
Object Type:
Masks and Masking
Place:
Goodnews Bay; Calista Native Corporation; Alaska; USA
Catalog Number:
12/920
Barcode:
120920.000
See related items:
Yup'ik (Yupik Eskimo)
Masks and Masking
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws619c9cf1a-9651-4bdc-9952-91a2168b50be
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_130202
Online Media:

Mask

Culture/People:
Yup'ik (Yupik Eskimo)  Search this
Seller:
Clark M. Garber (Clark McKinley Garber), Non-Indian, 1891-1971  Search this
Previous owner:
Clark M. Garber (Clark McKinley Garber), Non-Indian, 1891-1971  Search this
Collector:
Clark M. Garber (Clark McKinley Garber), Non-Indian, 1891-1971  Search this
Object Name:
Mask
Media/Materials:
Wood
Techniques:
Carved, painted
Object Type:
Ceremonial/Ritual items
Place:
Kuskokwim region; Calista Native Corporation, Doyon Native Corporation; Alaska; USA
Catalog Number:
22/6501
Barcode:
226501.000
See related items:
Yup'ik (Yupik Eskimo)
Ceremonial/Ritual items
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6e7d3ed6f-1967-41e0-899e-ac38fa8a312d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_241472
Online Media:

Maskette

Culture/People:
probably Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo) (attributed)  Search this
Previous owner:
Indian Arts and Crafts Board, Department of the Interior (IACB), 1935-  Search this
Object Name:
Maskette
Media/Materials:
Whale bone
Techniques:
Carved
Dimensions:
18.5 x 15.3 x 8.1 cm
Object Type:
Masks and Masking
Place:
Alaska; USA
Date created:
1960-1980
Catalog Number:
25/8531
Barcode:
258531.000
See related items:
Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo)
Masks and Masking
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6134d3688-89e4-4bbb-b5a0-f722af221c6e
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_274476
Online Media:

Puffin mask

Culture/People:
Cup'ik [Mekoryuk, Nunivak Island]  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Lola Ferguson (Lola Smith), Cup'ik [Mekoryuk, Nunivak Island], b. 1963  Search this
Previous owner:
R. E. Mansfield (Richard E. Mansfield), Non-Indian, 1937-2007  Search this
Donor:
R. E. Mansfield (Richard E. Mansfield), Non-Indian, 1937-2007  Search this
Object Name:
Puffin mask
Media/Materials:
Driftwood, paint, sinew
Techniques:
Carved, painted, tied
Dimensions:
85 x 18 x 84.5 cm
Object Type:
Masks and Masking
Place:
Mekoryuk; Calista Native Corporation; Alaska; USA
Archipelago:
Bering Sea Islands
Island Name:
Nunivak Island
Date created:
2000-2004
Catalog Number:
26/5483
Barcode:
265483.000
See related items:
Cup'ik [Mekoryuk, Nunivak Island]
Masks and Masking
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws624ef09e4-de06-44a6-82b3-6817cf722923
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_281710
Online Media:

Finger/Hand mask

Culture/People:
Yup'ik (Yupik Eskimo)  Search this
Possible collector:
George Thornton Emmons (George T. Emmons/G.T. Emmons), Non-Indian, 1852-1945  Search this
Previous owner:
George Thornton Emmons (George T. Emmons/G.T. Emmons), Non-Indian, 1852-1945  Search this
Seller:
George Thornton Emmons (George T. Emmons/G.T. Emmons), Non-Indian, 1852-1945  Search this
Presenter/funding source:
Thea Heye (Thea Kowne/Mrs. Dorothea Page/Mrs. George Gustav Heye), Non-Indian, 1888-1935  Search this
Object Name:
Finger/Hand mask
Media/Materials:
Wood, cordage
Techniques:
Carved, painted
Dimensions:
9.5 x 6.5 x 2.5 cm
Object Type:
Personal items
Place:
Kuskokwim region; Calista Native Corporation, Doyon Native Corporation; Alaska; USA
Catalog Number:
5/1197
Barcode:
051197.000
See related items:
Yup'ik (Yupik Eskimo)
Personal items
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6b947ce38-2a15-49c4-9fc6-d465df4763b6
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_55281
Online Media:

Mask

Culture/People:
Yup'ik (Yupik Eskimo)  Search this
Collector:
Adams Hollis Twitchell (A. H. Twitchell), Non-Indian, 1872-1949  Search this
Previous owner:
Adams Hollis Twitchell (A. H. Twitchell), Non-Indian, 1872-1949  Search this
Seller:
Adams Hollis Twitchell (A. H. Twitchell), Non-Indian, 1872-1949  Search this
Presenter/funding source:
James Bishop Ford (James B. Ford), Non-Indian, 1844-1928  Search this
Object Name:
Mask
Media/Materials:
Wood, feather/feathers, paint
Techniques:
Carved, painted
Dimensions:
71 x 57 x 18.8 cm
Object Type:
Masks and Masking
Place:
Near Bethel; Bethel; Calista Native Corporation; Alaska; USA
Date created:
1900-1919
Catalog Number:
9/3403
Barcode:
093403.000
See related items:
Yup'ik (Yupik Eskimo)
Masks and Masking
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6d1cbd344-602d-4b13-b6ad-9fc36d9a61ab
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_100586
Online Media:

Mask

Culture/People:
Yup'ik (Yupik Eskimo)  Search this
Object Name:
Mask
Media/Materials:
Wood, beach grass/rye grass, seal gut/intestines, grass, bird quills
Techniques:
Carved, painted
Dimensions:
57.6 x 17.7 x 18.9 cm
Object Type:
Masks and Masking
Place:
Goodnews Bay; Calista Native Corporation; Alaska; USA
Catalog Number:
12/894
Barcode:
120894.000
See related items:
Yup'ik (Yupik Eskimo)
Masks and Masking
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws613689fc6-382c-41af-8498-40f21905bcc0
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_130176
Online Media:

Mask (Image withheld)

Culture/People:
Bering Strait Inupiaq [King Island]  Search this
Lender:
Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia (Academy of Natural Sciences of Drexel University)  Search this
Object Name:
Mask (Image withheld)
Media/Materials:
Wood, hide, paint
Techniques:
Carved, painted
Object Type:
Masks and Masking
Place:
King Island; Bering Straits Native Corporation; Alaska; USA
Archipelago:
Bering Sea Islands
Island Name:
King Island
Date created:
1875-1890
Catalog Number:
16/7603
Barcode:
167603.000
See related items:
Bering Strait Inupiaq [King Island]
Masks and Masking
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws67d7260d9-9a61-4f86-9acc-6e38c4ee480c
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_179569
Online Media:

Puffin Man, Alutiiq Superhero

Culture/People:
Alutiiq (Pacific Eskimo)  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Jerry Laktonen, Alutiiq (Pacific Eskimo), b. 1951; woven cape by Loa Bilham'neex Ryan (Loa J. Ryan), Tsimshian [Metlakatla], b. 1939  Search this
Seller:
Jerry Laktonen, Alutiiq (Pacific Eskimo), b. 1951  Search this
Presenter/funding source:
R. E. Mansfield (Richard E. Mansfield), Non-Indian, 1937-2007  Search this
Title:
Puffin Man, Alutiiq Superhero
Object Name:
Mask
Media/Materials:
Yellow cedar, cedar bark (red cedar), horsehair, glass bead/beads, feather/feathers, dentalium shell/shells, abalone/haliotis shell
Techniques:
Carved, painted, inlaid, twined, strung
Dimensions:
156 x 126.5 x 15.5 cm
Object Type:
Works of Art (Other)
Place:
Granite Falls; Snohomish County; Washington; USA
Date created:
June 2005
Catalog Number:
26/4406
Barcode:
264406.000
See related items:
Alutiiq (Pacific Eskimo)
Works of Art (Other)
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws651af039c-af9e-4431-a2c6-f4b770b5537d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_280608
Online Media:

Mask

Culture/People:
Yup'ik (Yupik Eskimo)  Search this
Collector:
Adams Hollis Twitchell (A. H. Twitchell), Non-Indian, 1872-1949  Search this
Previous owner:
Adams Hollis Twitchell (A. H. Twitchell), Non-Indian, 1872-1949  Search this
Seller:
Adams Hollis Twitchell (A. H. Twitchell), Non-Indian, 1872-1949  Search this
Presenter/funding source:
James Bishop Ford (James B. Ford), Non-Indian, 1844-1928  Search this
Object Name:
Mask
Media/Materials:
Wood, feather/feathers, paint
Techniques:
Carved, painted
Dimensions:
55 x 39.5 x 16.5 cm
Object Type:
Masks and Masking
Place:
Near Bethel; Bethel; Calista Native Corporation; Alaska; USA
Date created:
1900-1919
Catalog Number:
9/3394
Barcode:
093394.000
See related items:
Yup'ik (Yupik Eskimo)
Masks and Masking
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws66b030e1d-cfa4-43a9-bf1e-dae8a01c507a
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_100577
Online Media:

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